سبكر سبل سبى
سبّلهُ, inf. n. تَسْبِيلٌ, means جَعَلَهُ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ [He assigned it, or the profit, or revenue, or usufruct, thereof, to be employed in the way, meaning cause, of God, or of religion; or in the doing of anything, or all, that God has commanded, or of the works whereby one pursues the way that leads to advancement in the favour of God; he dedicated it to pious, or charitable, uses or purposes]; (Ḳ, TA;) as though [meaning] he made it a trodden way [whereby to advance] to [the favour of] God. (TA.) You say, سبّل ضَيْعَتَهُ, using the verb in this sense [i. e. He assigned the profit, or revenue, or usufruct, of his estate to be employed in the cause of God, or of religion]; (Ṣ;) to be given to the wayfarer, and the poor, and the warrior against unbelievers, and others. (TA voce سَبِيلٌ.) And سبّل التَّمَرَةَ He assigned the profit to be employed in the ways of good works (Mgh, Mṣb) and the various kinds of pious deeds: (Mṣb:) or he made the profit to be allowable, or free, to those for whose benefit the property itself was made unalienable in perpetuity. (TA. [See an ex. in the first paragraph of art. حبس, relating to some palm-trees which ʼOmar desired to give in charity.])
سبّل, [either سَبَّلَ or, سُبِّلَ both app. allowable, (see the part. ns., below,)] He (a man) was, or became, long in the سَبَلَة [q. v.]; as though he had a long سَبَلَة given to him. (TA.)
أَسْبَلَتِ الطَّرِيقُ The road had many passengers following, or succeeding, one another, or going repeatedly to and fro, upon it. (M, Ḳ.)
اسبل إِزَارَهُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِسْبَالٌ, (TA,) He let loose, let down, or lowered, his waist-wrapper; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) and so السِّتْرَ the veil, or curtain, (Mṣb,) or he let down, let fall, or made to hang down, the veil, or curtain: (Mgh:) the former act is forbidden in a trad. (TA.) And اسبلت ذَيْلَهَا [She made her skirt to hang down; or to hang down low, so that she dragged it on the ground]; said of a woman. (M.) And اسبل ثَوْبَهُ He dragged his garment [on the ground]; (O;) andسبّلهُ↓ signifies the same, (O, TA,) inf. n. تَسْبِيلٌ. (TA.) And اسبل ذَنَبَهُ He made his tail to hang down; he hung down his tail; said of a horse. (M.)
[Hence,] اسبل المَآءَ † He (a man) poured forth the water. (Mṣb.) And اسبل دَمْعَهُ (M, Ḳ, TA) ‡ He shed, or let fall, his tears. (Ḳ, TA.)
The verb is also similarly used intransitively. (TA.) You say, of a part of the beard, اسبل عَلَى الصَّدْرِ [It fell, or hung down, upon the breast]. (Az, O, TA.)
And اسبل المَطَرُ ‡ The rain let fall a shower, and became dense; as though it let down a curtain: (A, TA: [but accord. to this explanation, the verb is app. trans.; and the phrase, elliptical:]) or the rain fell continuously, or in consecutive showers, and in large drops: and in like manner, الدَّمْعُ the tears. (Ṣ, Ḳ,)
And اسبلت السَّمَآءُ (AZ, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) † The sky let fall its rain issuing from the clouds and not as yet having reached the earth: (AZ, Ṣ, TA:) or [simply] the sky rained. (Ḳ.) And اسبلت أَرْوَاقُ العَيْنِ ‡ The sides of the eye shed tears. (O, Ḳ,* TA, all in art. روق.)
And اسبل عَلَيْهِ ‡ He poured forth his speech against him abundantly, [or in torrents,] (A, Ḳ,* TA,) like as rain pours. (A. TA.)
اسبل الزَّرْعُ The seed-produce put forth its سُنْبُل [or ears]; (Ṣ;) and soسَنْبَلَ↓; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) or put forth its سَبَل, (Mṣb in explanation of the former,) which is syn. with سُنْبُل, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or its سَبُولَة: (Ḳ in explanation of the former:) [Mṭr says,] تَسَنْبَلَ↓ I have not found. (Mgh.)
Q. Q. 1. سَنْبَلَ
سَنْبَلَ: see 4, last sentence:
Q. Q. 2. تَسَنْبَلَ
تَسَنْبَلَ: see 4, last sentence.
سَبَلٌ A thing that one has let loose, let down, let fall, or made to hang down, and to drag [on the ground]; like as نَشَرٌ signifies “a thing that one has spread” &c.: whence the trad., مَنْ جَرَّ سَبَلَهُ مِنَ الخُيَلَآءِ لَا يَنْظُرُ ٱللّٰهُ يَوْمَ القِيٰمَةِ [He who drags what he has made to hang down of his garment from pride, or self-conceit, God will not look towards him on the day of resurrection]: (O:) or سَبَلٌ means garments made to hang down [so as to drag]; and is pl. ofسَبَلَةٌ↓; [or rather a coll. gen. n. of which سَبَلَةٌ is the n. un.;] whence جَرَّ سَبَلَتَهُ, (TA,) which means [He dragged his garment; though said to mean,] his garments. (Ḳ, TA.)
Also ‡ Rain: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or rain issuing from the clouds and not as yet having reached the earth: (AZ, Ṣ, TA:) or flowing rain: and likewise flowing blood. (Ḥam p. 359.)
[Hence, app., as indicating swiftness,] سَبَلُ is the name of † A certain mare, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) an excellent mare, said by Aṣ to have been the mother of أَعْوَجُ, and to have belonged to [the tribe of] Ghanee. (Ṣ, TA.)
And سَبَلٌ [or سَبَلُ as a fem. proper name] is a name for † A ewe, or she-goat: and such is called to be milked by saying سَبَلْ سَبَلْ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA.)
Also i. q.سُنْبُلٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which signifies The ears of corn: (MA: [and in like manner both are expl. in the KL, but as singulars, app. because used as gen. ns.:]) n. un. of the former with ة↓, and so of↓ the latter: and the pl. ofسُنْبُلٌ↓, which is of the measure فُنْعُلٌ, is سَنَابِلُ: (Mṣb:) or this is pl. of سُنْبُلَةٌ, (Ṣ,) as also سُنْبُلَاتٌ: (Ḳur xii. 43 and 46:) or سُنْبُلَةٌ [in the CK (erroneously) سُبْلَة] signifies an ear of corn [so I render زَرْعَةٌ (in the CK زُرْعَة)] that is bending, or inclining, as alsoسَبُولَةٌ↓ [mentioned in one of my two copies of the Ṣ as syn. with سُنْبُلَةٌ but not in the other copy] andسُبُولَةٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andسَبَلَةٌ↓; (Ḳ;) or, accord. to Lth, سَبُولَةٌ↓ signifies an ear (سُنْبُلَة) of millet (ذُرَة), and of rice, and the like, when bending, or inclining: (O, TA:) and some say that سَبَلٌ signifies spreading, or expanding, awn of the سُنْبُل [or ears of corn]; (M, TA;) or the extremities thereof; (TA;) and the pl. is سُبُولٌ; (M;) or سبول is syn. with سُنْبُلٌ, in the dial. of بنو هميان [?]. (TA.) السُّنْبُلَةُ↓ is also the name of A certain sign of the Zodiac [i. e. Virgo]: (Ṣ in the present art., and Ḳ in art. سنبل:) [or Spica Virginis;] a star in Virgo; thus called by astrologers; also called السِّمَاكُ الأَعْزَلُ. (Ḳzw. [See art. سمك.]) سُنْبُلُ↓ الطِّيبِ is A well-known plant, [spikenard, which is called in the present day السُّنْبُلُ الهِنْدِىُّ,] brought from India. (O. [See also art. سنبل.])
Also sing. of أَسْبَالٌ, which signifies † The uppermost parts of a bucket, (O,) or the lips thereof: (Ṣ:) orسَبَلَةٌ↓ is the sing. of أَسْبَالٌ in these senses; and signifies ‡ the head of a vessel [like as it signifies the “ear,” which is the “head,” of a culm of wheat &c.]. (TA.) You say, مَلَأَهَا إِلَى أَسْبَالِهَا ‡ He filled it (i. e. the winecup, الكَأْسَ, M, TA, or the bucket, الدَّلْوَ, O) to its edges, (M, Ḳ, TA,) and to its lips. (Ḳ.) And a poet says, (Ṣ,) namely Bá'ith Ibn-Sureym El-Yeshkuree, (TA,)
* إِذْ أَرْسَلُونِى مَاتِحًا بِدِلَائِهِمْ ** فَمَلَأْتُهُا عَلَقًا إِلَى أَسْبَالِهَا *
[When they sent me drawing with their buckets, and I filled them with blood to their brims]: he says, they sent me seeking to execute their blood-revenges, and I slew many: العَلَق meaning “blood.” (Ṣ, TA. [See also Ḥam p. 268, where some different readings are mentioned; and it is said that the اسبال may mean the knots that are connected with the cross-pieces of wood of the bucket.])
And † A number of spears, few or many. (Ḳ. [Perhaps because their heads are likened to the heads of corn.])
Also The nose: (Ḳ:) pl. سِبَالٌ: so in the Moḥeeṭ. (TA.) One says, أَرْغَمَ ٱللّٰهُ سَبَلَهُ [May God make his nose to cleave to the earth, or dust: or † abase, or humble, him]. (TA.)
And Garments made of the hards, or hurds, of flax of the coarsest of qualities: and soسَبَلَةٌ↓ [if one of these words be not a mistranscription for the other]. (TA.)
And A certain disease in the eye, [thus رِيحُ السَّبَلِ is expl. in the M,] resembling a film, as though it were the web of a spider, with red veins: (Ṣ:) or a film of the eye, from the swelling, or inflation, of its external veins upon the surface of the مُلْتَحِمَة, (Ḳ,) which is one of the layers of the eye, (TA,) [namely, the tunica albuginea, or white of the eye, so called in the present day,] and the appearance of a web, or thing woven, between the two, [i. e. between those veins and the white tunic,] like smoke: (Ḳ:) or a film covering the eye; as though from إِسْبَالْ meaning the “letting down” of a veil, or curtain. (Mgh.)
Also A reviling, or vilifying. (Ḳ.) One says, بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَهُ سَبَلٌ Between me and him is a reviling, or vilifying: so in the Moḥeeṭ. (TA.)
سَبِلٌ [is app. a possessive epithet, meaning Having length and flaccidity]. خُصْيَةٌ سَبِلَةٌ means [A scrotum] that is long (M, Ḳ, TA) and flaccid. (TA.)
سُبْلَةٌ † A rain of wide extent. (IAạr, O, Ḳ.)
سَبَلَةٌ: see سَبَلٌ, in five places.
Also † The شَارِب [or mustache]: (Ṣ:) or the دَائِرَة [or small protuberance termed حِثْرِمَة, q. v.,] in the middle of the upper lip: or the hair that is upon [app. meaning of] the شَارِب; (M, Ḳ;) whence the saying, طَالَتْ سَبَلَتُكَ فَقُصَّهَا [thy hair of the mustache has become long, therefore clip it]; and it is tropical: (TA:) or the extremity of that hair: (M, Ḳ:) or the two mustaches together: (M, Ḳ:*) or what is upon the chin, to the extremity of the beard: or the fore part of the beard: (M, Ḳ:) or what hangs down, of, or from, the fore part of the beard: (Zj, in his “Khalk el-Insán:”) or, accord. to Az, it signifies, with the Arabs, the fore part of the beard, and what hangs down thereof, or therefrom, upon the breast: or, accord. to IDrd, some of them apply it to the extremity of the beard; and some, to the hair of the mustache that hangs down on the beard: in a trad., in which it is said that he [Moḥammad] was full in the سَبَلَة, Az says that it means the hairs beneath the lower jaw: accord. to AZ, it is what appears, of the fore part of the beard, after [or exclusive of] the hair of the side of each cheek and the عُثْنُون [here app. meaning the portion of the beard next the front of the throat], and what is concealed [thereof]: (TA:) or, accord. to Th, the beard altogether: (M:) the pl. is سِبَالٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) [to which ة is sometimes added, agreeably with a common license, as appears from an ex. in what follows,] and سَبَلَاتٌ, occurring in the saying, إِنَّهُ لَذُو سَبَلَاتٍ, mentioned by Lḥ, in which the term سَبَلَة is made to apply to every separate portion [so that the meaning is, Verily he has a سَبَلَة]. (M.) One says, of enemies, هُمْ صُهْبُ السِّبَالِ † [They are red, or reddish, in respect of the mustaches, &c.: see art. صهب]. (TA.) And of a man who has come threatening, one says, جَآءَ فُلَانٌ وَقَدْ نَشَرَ سَبَلَتَهُ ‡ [Such a one came having spread out his mustache, &c.]. (Ḳ,* TA.) And in a trad. respecting Dhu-th-Thudeiyeh, [see art. ثدى,] it is said, عَلَيْهِ شُعَيْرَاتٌ مِثْلُ سِبَالَةِ السِّنَّوْرِ [app. meaning † Having upon him small hairs like the whiskers of the cat]. (TA.)
سَبَلَةُ البَعِيرِ means † The part of the camel, in which he is stabbed, or stuck, in the uppermost part of the breast; (T, M;) called also the تَرِيبَة: (T:) or the fur that flows down upon that part of the camel. (M, Ḳ. [In the CK, مَنْخَرِه is erroneously put for مَنْحَرِهِ.]) You say لَتَبَ فِى سَبَلَةِ النَّاقَةِ, meaning † He stabbed, or stuck, the she-camel in the part above mentioned: (M in art. لتب: [in the Ḳ, in the present art., كَتَبَ is erroneously put, in this phrase, in the place of لَتَبَ:]) Az heard an Arab of the desert say لَتَمَ فِى سَبَلَةِ بَعِيرِهِ, [which means the same as لَتَبَ,] and he supposes the سَبَلَة to be hairs in the part above mentioned. (TA.) You say also, بَعِيرٌ حَسَنُ السَّبَلَةِ, meaning † [A camel goodly in respect of] the thinness of his skin (جِلْدِهِ): so in the O and Ḳ: but accord. to the T, of his cheek (خَدِّهِ); and this is probably the right explanation. (TA.)
سَبَلَانِىٌّ: see أَسْبَلُ.
سَبِيلٌ A way, road, or path; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and what is open, or conspicuous, thereof; (M, Ḳ;) and Er-Rághib adds, wherein is easiness: (TA:) andسَبِيلَةٌ↓ signifies the same: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ:) the former is masc. and fem.; (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) like زُقَاقٌ; (Mṣb;) made fem. by the people of El-Ḥijáz, and masc. by Temeem; (Akh, Ṣ voce زُقَاقٌ;) but mostly fem.; (IAth, TA;) in the Ḳur it is made masc. in vii. 143, and fem. in xii. 108: (Ṣ, M, TA:) pl. سُبُلٌ, (M, Ḳ,) or, accord. to ISk, it has this pl. when masc., and سُبُولٌ, like عُنُوقٌ when fem., (Mṣb, [but this distinction and the latter pl. are both strange,]) and it has also as apl. [of pauc.] أَسْبِلَةٌ. (TA.) In the saying, وَعَلَى ٱللّٰهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ [And upon God it rests to show the right way (see art. قصد)], (M, Ḳ,) in the Ḳur [xvi. 9], (M,) it is used as a gen. n., because it is added, وَمِنْهَا جَائِرٌ. (M, Ḳ.)
اِبْنُ السَّبِيلِ means † The son of the road; (M, Ḳ;) he whom the road has brought, or [as it were] brought forth; (IB;) the wayfarer, or traveller: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or he who travels much or often: (TA:) or the traveller who is far from his place of abode: (Er-Rághib:) as used in the verse of the Ḳur, (M, Mgh, Mṣb,) ix, 60, (M,) it means the person to whom the way has become cut short [so that he is unable to continue his journey]; (M, Ḳ;) to which has been added, who desires to return to his country, or town, and finds not what will suffice him: (TA:) or the traveller who is cut off from his property: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or the person who desires to go to a country, or town, other than his own, for a necessary affair: or, accord. to Ibn-ʼArafeh, the guest who has become disabled from proceeding in his journey, his means having failed him: to such should be given as much as will suffice him to his home. (TA.)
تَقْطَعُونَ السَّبِيلَ, in the Ḳur [xxix. 28], means † [And ye cut off] the way of offspring [by your unnatural practices]: or and ye oppose yourselves to men in the roads [or road] for the purpose of that which is excessively, or enormously, foul or abominable. (TA.)
[سَبِيلُ ٱللّٰهِ means † The way, or cause, of God, or of religion; or the way whereby one seeks approach to God, or advancement in his favour.] It is said in the Ḳur [ii. 191], وَأَنْفِقُوا فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ, meaning † And expend ye in warring against unbelievers and the like, and in every good work commanded by God; (M, Ḳ;) such being of the ways [that lead] to God: (M:) mostly used in relation to warring against unbelievers and the like. (M, Ḳ.) And in the same, iii. 163, ٱلَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ, meaning [Who have been slain in the cause of God, or of his religion, i. e.,] for the sake of the religion of God. (Jel.) And you say, جَعَلَ ضَيْعَتَهُ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ † [He made his estate to have its profit, or revenue, or usufruct, employed in the cause of God, or of religion]. (Ṣ.)
سَبِيلٌ also signifies † A means of access; a connexion, or a tie: so in the saying, in the Ḳur [xxv. 29], يَا لَيْتَنِى ٱتَّخَذْتُ مَعَ ٱلرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا † [O would that I had obtained, with the Apostle, a means of access to Paradise]: (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA:) thus it has been explained: (TA:) or the meaning is, [O would that I had taken, with the Apostle,] a way to safety: or one way, the way of truth. (Bḍ.)
[Also, in the present day, applied to A public drinking-fountain.]
سَبُولَةٌ and سُبُولَةٌ: see سَبَلٌ, in three places.
سَبِيلَةٌ: see سَبِيلٌ, first sentence.
سَابِلٌ Travelling upon a road: pl. سَوَابِلُ and [coll. gen. n.] سَابِلَةٌ↓; (TA:) this last signifies travellers, (Ṣ, M,*) or a company of people, (Mgh, Ḳ,) following, or succeeding, one another, or going repeatedly to and fro, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ,) upon the roads, (Ṣ, Mgh,) or upon the road, (M, Ḳ,) for the accomplishment of their wants: it is made fem. as denoting a جَمَاعَة. (Mgh.)
Also,سَابِلَةٌ↓, (TA in art. شغر,) or سَبِيلٌ سَابِلَةٌ, (M, Ḳ,* TA,) A travelled road; (M, Ḳ, TA;) a beaten road. (TA in art. شغر.)
غَيْثٌ سَابِلٌ † Rain falling continuously, or in successive showers, and in large drops, and copiously. (TA.)
سَابِلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
سَلْسَبِيلُ the name of A certain fountain in Paradise: determinate; [without tenween;] but occurring at the end of a verse of the Ḳur [lxxvi. 18], (Akh, Ṣ, Ḳ,) and being with fet-ḥ, (Akh, Ṣ,) ا is added to it, (Akh, Ṣ, Ḳ,) for the sake of conformity [with the endings of other verses before and after it]. (Ḳ.) See also art. سلسبل.
أَسْبَلُ ‡ A man long in the سَبَلَة [q. v., here said in the TA to mean the beard, but this is questionable], as alsoسَبَلَانِىٌّ↓ andمُسْبِلٌ↓ andمُسْبَلٌ↓ andمُسَبِّلٌ↓ andمُسَبَّلٌ↓. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
And the fem., سَبْلَآءُ, † A woman having hair in the place of the mustache. (TA.)
And † An eye having long lashes. (M, Ḳ.)
مُسْبَلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مُسْبِلٌ A man lengthening his garment, and making it to hang down to the ground. (IAạr, TA.) [And in like manner,] applied to a woman, [though without ة,] Who has made her skirt to hang down [app. to the ground]. (M.)
And المُسْبِلُ signifies ‡ The penis: (M, Ḳ, TA:) because of its pendulousness. (TA.)
And † The [lizard called] ضَبّ. (Ḳ.)
And the fifth of the arrows used in the game called المَيْسِر: (M, Ḳ:) or the sixth of those arrows, (Lḥ, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) also called المُصْفَحُ, (Ṣ,) in which are six notches, and to which are assigned six shares [of the slaughtered camel] if it win, and six fines if it do not win: (M:) pl. المَسَابِلُ. (TA.)
And مُسْبِلٌ is one of the names of Dhul-Hijjeh; (M, Ḳ;*) of the time of 'Ád. (M.)
مُسَبَّلٌ: see أَسْبَلُ.
Also An ugly old man: (Ḳ:) app. because of the length of his beard. (TA.)
مُسَبِّلٌ: see أَسْبَلُ.