سبل سبى ست
سَبَى العَدُوَّ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) وَغَيْرَهُ, (M,) aor. يَسْبِى, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. سَبْىٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and سِبَآءٌ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) or↓ the latter is a simple subst., as alsoسِبًا↓ or سِبًى, (Mṣb,) He made captive, captived, or took prisoner, [the enemy, and other than an enemy;] (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoاِسْتَبَاهُ↓. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] تَسْبِى قَلْبَ الرَّجُلِ † [She captivates the heart of the man], said of a woman. (Ṣ.)
And سَبَيْتُ قَلْبَهُ andاِسْتَبَيْتُهُ↓ † I captivated his heart. (M.) Andاِسْتَبَتْ↓ قَلْبَ الفَتَى, said of a girl, or young woman, i. q. سَبَتْهُ [i. e. † She captivated the heart of the youth, or young man.] (TA.)
One says also, إِنَّ اللَّيْلَ طَوِيلٌ وَلَا أُسْبَ لَهُ and لا أُسْبَى له, the latter on the authority of Lḥ, who says that it means a prayer, (M, TA,) for which reason the verb [in the former instance] is in the mejzoom form, (TA,) i. e. [Verily the night is long, and] may I not be made as the captive [to it]. (M, TA.)
سَبَى الخَمْرَ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (M,) inf. n. سَبْىٌ and سِبَآءٌ, (T, M, Ḳ,) though J says only the latter, (Ḳ,) He conveyed wine from one town, or country, to another; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or he brought wine from one land to another; as alsoاِسْتَبَاهَا↓: (M:) [and] so سَبَأَهَا, with hemz: (Mṣb:) or سَبَأْتُ, with hemz, means “I bought” (Ṣ, M) wine, to drink it. (Ṣ. [See art. سبأ.])
سَبَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ, (ISk, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (Ṣ,) inf. n. سَبْىٌ, (Ṣ, M,) God estranged him; (ISk, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) removed him far away; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and cursed him: (M:) or it is like the saying لَعَنَهُ ٱللّٰهُ: (Ṣ:) [or may God estrange him; &c.:] one says, مَا لَهُ سَبَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ [What ails him? May God estrange him; &c.]. (TA.)
سَبَى المَآءَ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (M,) inf. n. سَبْىٌ, (TA,) He dug until he reached the water. (M, Ḳ.)
تسبّى لَهُ † He manifested, or showed, love, or affection, to him; and became inclined to him. (TA.)
تسابوا They made one another captive. (Az, Ḳ.)
see 1, in four places.
سَبْىٌ i. q. مَسْبِىٌّ↓ [i. e. Made captive]; (M;) or السَّبْىُ signifies مَا يُسْبَى [i.e. what is made captive; but I rather think that the right explanation is مَنْ يُسْبَى i. e the person who is made captive; agreeably with what follows]: pl. سُبِىٌّ: (M, Ḳ:) one says قَوْمٌ سَبْىٌ [a company, or party, of men made captive]; the latter word in this case being an inf. n. used as an epithet; [therefore, as such, it is applicable to a single person, male or female, as well as to a pl. number;] and accord. to Aṣ, one says not otherwise than thus in speaking of a company, or party, of men: (Mṣb, TA:) [but] سَبِىٌّ↓ is [also] applied to a single person, to the male and the female, (M, Ḳ,) i. e. to the latter, as to the former, without ة, (M,) as meaning made captive: (Ḳ:) or سَبِىٌّ is applied to a boy, or young man, or male slave, as alsoمَسْبِىٌّ↓; and سَبِيَّةٌ to a girl, or young woman, or female slave, as alsoمَسْبِيَّةٌ↓; (Mṣb;) or to a woman, in this sense: (Ṣ:) and the pl. ofسَبِىٌّ↓, (M, Ḳ,) or of سَبِيَّةٌ, (Mṣb,) is سَبَايَا, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) applied to women. (M.)
Also Women, (IAạr, M, Ḳ,) universally; (IAạr, M;) because they captivate the hearts; or because they are made captive, and possessed as property. (M, Ḳ.)
سَبًا: see سَبِىٌّ.
Also A tribe of El-Yemen; regarded as a حَىّ, perfectly decl.; and regarded as a قَبِيلَة, [and therefore a fem. proper name,] imperfectly decl. [and written سَبَا]: (M, TA:) or, as is said in the Mṣb, it is the name of a town, or province, in El-Yemen; masc., and therefore perfectly decl.; and fem., and therefore imperfectly decl.; called by the name of its builder: (TA:) [hence,] one says, ذَهَبُوا أَيْدِى سَبَا and أَيَادِى سَبَا, [making the last word to be without tenween either as a fem. proper name or because of pausing after it,] i. e. They went away scattered, or dispersed: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) J says, (TA,) they are two nouns made one, like مَعْدِى كَرِبَ, perfectly decl. because not occurring otherwise than as a denotative of state, [and therefore indeterminate,] whether you make the former to be a prefixed noun governing the latter in the gen. case, or do not so. (Ṣ, TA. [See also art. سبأ.])
In a verse of 'Alkameh Ibn-'Abadeh, the phrase بِسَبَا الكَتَّانِ is used for بِسَبَائِبِ الكَتَّانِ. (M in art. سب: see سِبٌّ.)
سِبًا or سِبًى: see 1, first sentence.
سَبَآءٌ: see سَبِىٌّ.
سِبَآءٌ: see 1, first sentence.
سَبِىٌّ: see سَبْىٌ, in two places.
Also, (Ḳ,) or عُودٌ سَبِىٌّ, (M,) A branch, or piece of stick or wood, brought by a torrent from one tract, or region, to another, (M, Ḳ,) or from a distant place; (M;) andسَبَآءٌ↓ andسَبًا↓ signify the same. (Ḳ.)
سَبِىُّ الحَيَّةِ The slough of the serpent; (M,* Ḳ;) as also سَبِيؤُهَا. (Ḳ in art. سبأ. [Accord. to different copies of the Ḳ in the present art., سَبْءٌ or سِبْءٌ or سَبْىٌ, all of which are wrong.])
سَبِيَّةٌ [or دُرَّةٌ سَبِيَّةٌ] A pearl, or large pearl, brought out by the diver (Ḳ, TA,) from the sea. (TA.)
سَابِيَآءُ The مَشِيمَة [or membrane enclosing the fœtus in the womb], which come forth with the young: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or a thin pellicle over the nose of the fœtus, which dies if it be not removed from it at the birth: (Ḳ:) or the water that comes forth upon the head of the fœtus, (T, M,) [i. e.] at the birth: (T:) pl. سَوَابِى [or سَوَابٍ]. (Ṣ.)
Hence, as being likened thereto, because of its fineness, (M,) † The dust of the burrows, or holes, of the jerboa; (Ḳ;) or fine dust which the jerboa extracts from its burrow, or hole: said by Abu-l-ʼAbbás to be [one] of the burrows, or holes, of the jerboa; but this saying of his has been rebutted. (M.)
Hence also, (M,) ‡ Increase or offspring [of camels or the like]; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA;) called by the name of that from which they come: (M, TA:) or (so accord. to the M, but accord. to the Ḳ “and”) camels for breeding: and numerous cattle: (M, Ḳ:) or also sheep, or goats, having numerous offspring: (T, Ṣ, Ḳ:) and it is also applied to denote a large number [app. of animals &c.]. (TA.) One says, لِآلِ فُلَانٍ سَابِيَآءُ, meaning ‡ [To such a one belong] numerous cattle. (TA.)
إِسْبَآءَةٌ A streak of blood; (AO, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoأُسْبِيَّةٌ↓: (M, TA:) pl. أَسَابِىُّ. (AO, Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
And An extended thread or string of [goats'] hair. (TA.)
And [the pl.] أَسَابِىُّ signifies The conspicuous tracks of a road. (TA.)
أُسْبِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مَسْبِىٌّ; and its fem., with ة: see سَبْىٌ, in three places.