قولنج قوم قوه


1. (قومقام)

قَامَ He stood still (Ksh and Bḍ in ii. 19) in his place. (Ksh.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

قَامَتِ الدَّابَّةُ The beast stopped (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) from journeying, (TA,) from fatigue, or being jaded; (Ṣ, TA;) i. q. انقطعت. (A.) And قَامَتْ عَلَيْهِ الدَّابَّةُ His beast, being jaded, stopped with him, and moved not from its place. (Mgh.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

قَامَ He, or it, stood up, or erect; syn. اِنْتَصَبَ. (Ḳ.) And hence, He rose, i. e. from sitting or reclining.

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

قَامَ بِاللَّيْلِ He rose in the night to pray.

verb form: 1.(signification - A5)

قَامَ رَمَضَانَ He passed the nights of Ramadán in prayer: (El-'Alkarnee in a marginal note in a copy of the Jámiʼ eṣ-Ṣagheer, voce مَنْ:) or he performed the prayers [of Ramadán] called التَّرَاوِيح. (En-Nawawee, ibid.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A6)

قَامَتِ الصَّلَاةُ The people rose to prayer: or the time of their doing so came. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A7)

قَامَتِ السَّاعَةُ The resurrection, or the time thereof, came to pass.

verb form: 1.(signification - A8)

قَامَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَادَ الظِّلُّ يَعْقِلُ [The sun became high, and the shade almost disappeared, at midday]. (JK.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A9)

قَامَ عَلَيْهِ He rose up against him: see a verse cited voce حُوبٌ.

verb form: 1.(signification - A10)

قَامَ بِالأَمْرِ He undertook the affair; took, or imposed, it upon himself; syn. تَكَفَّلَ بِهِ; and the epithet is قَائِمٌ and قَيِّمٌ: (Ḥam, p. 5:) [and] he managed, conducted, ordered, regulated, or superintended, the affair; syn. سَاسَهُ; (TA in art. سوس;) and قام عَلَيْهِ has this latter signification; and he tended, or took care of, it, or him; syn. سَاسَهُ and وَلِيَهُ: (Ḥam ubi supra:) [and] the former signifies he attended to the affair; [occupied himself with it]; (this should be the first explanation;) was mindful of it; kept to it constantly, or steadily; and is contr. of قَعَدَ عَنْهُ and تَقَاعَدَ: (JM, q. v.:) [or,] as contr. of قعد عنه and تقاعد, he acted vigorously in the affair; as alsoأَقَامَهُ↓; syn. جَدَّ فِيهِ, and تَجَلَّدَ. (Bḍ in ii. 2.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A11)

You say, قَامَ بِشَأْنِهِ He undertook, or superintended, or managed, his affair, or affairs. And you say, قَامَ بِاليَتِيمِ, (Mṣb in art. عول,) and بِالصَّبِىِّ, (Idem, art. كفل,) He maintained the orphan, and the child; syn. عَالَهُ, and كَفَلَهُ: (Idem:) and قَامَ المَرْأَةَ, and عَلَيْهَا, He undertook the maintenance of the woman; or he maintained her; (مَانَهَا [i. e. قَامَ بِكِفَايَتِهَا (Ṣ and Ḳ in art. مون)];) and undertook, or managed, her affair, or affairs. (Ḳ.) And الرِّجَالُ يَقُومُونَ عَلَى النِّسَآءِ The men govern the women: (Bḍ, iv. 38:) or are mindful of them, and act well to them, or take care of them. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A12)

قامَ بِعُذْرِى [He undertook, and it served, to excuse me]. (Mṣb and TA in art. عذر; &c.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A13)

قَامَ بِهِ He, or it, was supported, or sustained, by it; subsisted by it: see the explanation of قَِوَامٌ in the Mṣb.

verb form: 1.(signification - A14)

قَامَ عَلَيْهِ كَذَا It cost him such a thing, such a sum, or so much.

verb form: 1.(signification - A15)

قَامَ often signifies ثَبَتَ: so in قَامَ فِى نَفْسِهِ أَنَّهُ كَذَا It was, or became, established in his mind that it was so.

verb form: 1.(signification - A16)

قَامَ بِهِ قِيَامًا تَامًّا He managed it perfectly.

verb form: 1.(signification - A17)

قَامَ يَفْعَلُ كَذَا He began to do such a thing; he betook himself to doing such a thing. (Zj, in TA, art. قدم.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A18)

قَامَ المَآءُThe water congealed, or froze; syn. جَمَدَ. (Ṣ, M, voce جَمَدَ.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A19)

قَامَتْ عَيْنُهُ: see عَيْنٌ قَائِمَةٌ.

verb form: 1.(signification - A20)

قَامَ قَائِمُ الظَّهِيرَةِ: see ظَهِيرَة: there expl. from JK.

verb form: 1.(signification - A21)

قَامَ وَقَعَدَ: see قَعَدَ; and أَقْعَدَهُ; and see an ex. voce سُدَّةٌ.

verb form: 1.(signification - A22)

قَامَ has also for an inf. n. مَقَامٌ, agreeably with a general rule: see Bḍ in x. 72, &c.; and see مَرَامٌ in art. روم.


2. (قوّم)

قَوَّمَهُ He made it straight, or even; namely, a crooked thing; as alsoأَقَامَهُ↓: (TḲ:) and made it right, or in a right condition; direct, or rightly directed.

verb form: 2.(signification - A2)

قَوَّمَهُ بِكَذَا He valued it, or rated it, as equal to, or worth, such a thing. A phrase well known, and used in the present day.

verb form: 2.(signification - A3)

قَوَّمَهُ He set its price; assigned it its price; valued it; (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoاِسْتَقَامَهُ↓. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)

verb form: 2.(signification - A4)

قَوَّمْتُهُ فَتَقَوَّمَ↓ i. q. عَدَّلْتُهُ فَتَعَدَّلَ. (Mṣb.)

verb form: 2.(signification - A5)

قَوَّمَ He made a writing, and an account, or a reckoning, accurate, or exact, or right.


3. (قاوم)

قَاوَمَهُ [He rose against him, and withstood him, or opposed him, in contention;] namely, his adversary. (Mgh in art. نهض.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A2)

It was equal, or equivalent, to it. (Mṣb.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A3)

قَاوَمَهُ فِى الحَرْبِ He opposed him, or contended with him for equality, in war, or battle. (MA.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A4)

قَاوَمَهُ فِى حَاجَةٍ He rose, or stood, with him [or assisted him] to accomplish some needful affair. (IAth, TA.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A5)

قَاوَمَهُ It was equal, or equivalent, to it: see Mṣb: syn. عَادَلَهُ, q. v. (TA in art. بوأ.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A6)

يُقَاوِمُ السُّمُوم [It counteracts poisons]. (TA, art. بلس.)


4. (اقوماقام)

أَقَامَ He set up, put up, set upright, a thing. (Mṣb.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A2)

أَقَامَهُ, said of food, [It sustained him, supported him]. (Mṣb.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A3)

أَقَامَ عَلَى خَطَرٍ He stood to a bet, wager, or stake. (TA, voce نَدَِبٌ.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A4)

أَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ الحَّدَ He inflicted upon him the punishment termed حَدٌّ. (Mgh, art. حد.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A5)

أَقَامَ دَرْأَهُ: see درأ.

verb form: 4.(signification - A6)

أَقَامَ لِلصَّلَاةَِ, inf. n. إِقَامَةٌ, He (the مُبَلِّغ) recited the form of words called إِقَامَة, q. v. infra.

verb form: 4.(signification - A7)

أَقَامَ He remained, continued, stayed, tarried, resided, dwelt, or abode, in a place: he remained stationary.

verb form: 4.(signification - A8)

أَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ, He observed prayer: or أَدَامَ فِعْلَهَا. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) See also Bḍ, and Jel ii. 2.

verb form: 4.(signification - A9)

أَقَامَ فِعْلًا He performed an action.

verb form: 4.(signification - A10)
verb form: 4.(signification - A11)

أَقَامَهُ عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ He made him to keep to the road: and للقَصْدِ, to the right way. (L, art. لغد.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A12)
verb form: 4.(signification - A13)

أَقَاَمَ الأَمْرَ He put the affair into a right state; like نَظَمَهُ: see the latter in the Mṣb.

verb form: 4.(signification - A14)

أَقَامَهُ (Ḳ in art. عدل) He made it to be conformable with that which is right; namely, a judgment, a judicial decision. (TḲ in that art.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A15)
verb form: 4.(signification - A16)

أَقَامَ بِهِ in the Ḥamáseh, p. 75, 1. 9, app. signifies He stood in his stead.

verb form: 4.(signification - A17)

أَقَامَ He observed, or duly performed, a religious, or moral, ordinance or duty.

verb form: 4.(signification - A18)

أَقَامَ البَيِّنَةَ [He established the evidence or proof; and so اقام بِهَا? the ب being redundant]. (Bḍ, iii. 68.) And [in like manner,] اقام حُجَّتَهُ i. q. أَثْبَتَهَا; (TA in art. ثبت;) and so, app., بِحُجَّتِهِ; the ب being redundant, as in an ex. voce خُطَّةٌ; but this is the only ex. that I know, and it is without explanation: Golius mentions the phrase أَقَامَ بِى عَلَيْكُمْ; but without indicating his authority.

verb form: 4.(signification - A19)

أَقَامَ عَلَى حَالٍ He abode, or continued, in a state, or condition; and اقام على أَمْرٍ the same; and he abode, continued, stayed, or waited, intent upon, or occupied in, an affair, a business, or a concern; he kept to it.


5. (تقوّم)

تَقَوَّمَ It subsisted: see رُكْنٌ.

verb form: 5.(signification - A2)

تَقَوَّمَ It had a price; was valued.

verb form: 5.(signification - A3)

6. (تقاوم)

تَقَاوَمُوهُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ They valued it, or estimated its price, among them. (TA.)


10. (استقوماستقام)

اِسْتَقَامَ It became right; direct; in a right state; straight: even: tended towards the right, or desired, point, or object; had a right direction, or tendency; was regular.

verb form: 10.(signification - A2)

اِسْتَقَامَ عَلَى طَرِيقِ الحَقِّ (Ḳ, art. رشد) He continued in the way of truth, or the right way; as also عَلَيْهِ

verb form: 10.(signification - A3)

أَقَامَ?

verb form: 10.(signification - A4)

لَمْ يَسْتَقِمِ الأَمْرُ The affair was, or became, difficult: see تَعَذَّرَ.

verb form: 10.(signification - A5)

استقام لَهُ الأَمْرُ The affair, or case, became in a right state for him; syn. اِعْتَدَلَ. (Ṣ.)

verb form: 10.(signification - A6)

اِسْتَقَامَ He, or it, was, or became, right, direct, rightly directed, undeviating, straight, or even: and he, or it, stood right, or straight, or erect. (MA, KL.) He went right on, straight on, or undeviatingly: (see زَعَبَ:) whence اِسْتَقَامَ عَلَى الطَّرِيقَةِ he went on undeviatingly in the way. (See Ḳur lxxii. 16.) He went right; pursued a right course; acted rightly, or justly. See also سَدَّ, with which it is syn. It (an affair) was direct in its tendency, or had a right tendency. It (discourse, &c.) had a right tenour.

verb form: 10.(signification - A7)

قَوْمٌ

قَوْمٌ [A people, or body of persons composing a community: and people, or persons:] a company, or body, [or party, (see what follows,)] of men, [properly] without women: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.:) or of men and women together; (Ḳ;) for the قوم of every man is his party, and his kinsfolk, or tribe: (TA:) or (Ḳ) sometimes including women, as followers; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) for the قوم of every prophet is of men and women. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)

word: قَوْمٌ(signification - A2)

قَوْمٌ opposed to نِسَآءٌ: see a verse cited voce سَوْفَ.


قَامَةٌ

قَامَةٌ The stature of a man; his height in a standing posture; it is a span (شِبْر) shorter than a باع: (JK:) tallness, height; and beauty, or justness, of stature. (Ḳ.)

word: قَامَةٌ(signification - A2)

قَامَةٌ A structure [or post] like the figure of a man, raised at the side of a well, whereon is placed the wood to which the pulley is attached: pl. قَامٌ: (JK:) also called قَائِمَةٌ↓: see Ḳ, voce عَمُود: or قَامَةُ البَكْرَةٌ signifies the sheave (بَكْرَة) with its apparatus. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)


قِيَمٌ

دِينٌ قِيَمٌ A right religion. (Ḳur, vi. 162.) See دِرَّةٌ.


القُوَّمُ

الرِّيَاحُ القُوَّمُ The right [or cardinal] winds. (Ṣ, voce نَكْبَاءُ.)


القَيِّمُ

الدِّينُ القَيِّمُ (Ḳur ix. 36) The right, correct, or true, reckoning. (T in art. دين.)

word: القَيِّمُ(signification - A2)

قَيِّمُ الأَمْرِ i. q.مُقِيمُهُ↓ and سَائِسُهُ: fem. قَيِّمَةٌ. (TA.)

word: القَيِّمُ(signification - A3)

قَيِّمٌ بِالأَمْرِ A manager of an affair; i. q. إِزَاؤُهُ. (Ṣ, Mṣb, art. ازى.) See قَامَ بِالأَمْرِ.

word: القَيِّمُ(signification - A4)

قَيِّمٌ A manager, conductor, orderer, regulator, or superintendent, of an affair: (TA:) a manager, conductor, &c., of the affairs of a people. (JK.) قَيِّمٌ عَلَى المَالِ A good [manager and] tender of camels, &c. (TA in art. بلو.)


قِيمَةٌ

قِيمَةٌ The real value, or worth, of a thing; its equivalent; differing from ثَمَنٌ, q. v. (MF in art. ثمن.)


قَوَامٌ

قَوَامٌ Stature, and goodly stature, or tallness, of a man: (Ṣ:) symmetry, or justness of proportion. (Mṣb.)

word: قَوَامٌ(signification - A2)

قِوَامُ الأَمْرِ and قِيَامُهُ and قَوَامُهُ The stay, or support, of the thing, or affair, whereby it subsists, and is managed and ordered. (Mṣb.) And قِوَامٌ The food that is a man's support; (Mṣb;) [his subsistence.]

word: قَوَامٌ(signification - A3)

قِوَامٌ [The main stay of a thing.]

word: قَوَامٌ(signification - A4)

لَا قِوَامَ لَهُ بِهِ [He has not power to withstand him.] (Ḳ, art. نجز.)


قِوَامٌ

قِوَامٌ Subsistence: see رُكْنٌ and طَبَعٌ.


قِيَامٌ

قِيَامٌ [A state of purging, or flux of the belly: used in this sense in the Ṣ, Ḳ, voce هَيْضَةٌ].


قَوِيمٌ

قَوِيمٌ: see صَوِيبٌ.


القَيُّومُ

القَيُّومُ: see يَا قَيُّومُ in the last paragraph of art. شره, where I have rendered it on the authority of an explanation in the TA.


قَوَّامٌ

قَوَّامٌ One who rises much, or often, in the night to pray. (TA.) See صَوَّامٌ.


قُومِيَّةٌ

قُومِيَّةٌ is written with damm in copies of the Ṣ, Ḳ, JK: in the CK, erroneously, قَوْمِيَّةٌ, in both senses. See voce مُتَشَمِّسٌ.


قَائِمٌ

قَائِمٌ Appearing; conspicuous; [as though standing before one]: said of a thing whether standing or thrown down. (TA, in explanation of the phrase هٰذَا نُصْبُ عَيْنِى, art. نصب.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A2)

قَائِمَةٌ, pl. قَوَائِمُ, Leg of a horse, &c.

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A3)

عَيْنٌ قَائِمَةٌ An eye [blind, or white and blind, but still whole or] that has become white and blind, but not yet burst, (AZ in L, art. سد,) or sightless, but with the black still remaining. (Mgh, Mṣb.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A4)

قَائِمٌ and قَائِمَةٌ The hilt of a sword. (Mṣb.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A5)

قَائِمَةٌ A leg of a table, and of a throne, or moveable seat, &c. (JK.) See also قَامَةٌ; and see إِسْنَادٌ.

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A6)

قَوَمَةُ بَيْتِ النَّارِ (Ḳ, art. هربذ.) The servants of the fire-temple. (TA, same art.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A7)

القَوَائِمُ The winds. So in a verse of Umeiyeh Ibn-Abi-s-Salt. (TA, voce سَدِرٌ.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A8)

قَوَائِمُ المَائِدَةِ [The legs of the table]. (Ḳ, art. عقر.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A9)

قَطٌّ قَائِمٌ A nibbing in which the pith and the exterior of the reed are made of equal length: opposed to مُصَوَّبٌ. (TA in art. حرف.)

word: قَائِمٌ(signification - A10)

مَآءٌ قَائِمٌ Frozen water. And stagnant water: see حِبَاك.


إِقَامَةٌ

إِقَامَةٌ The form of words chanted by the مُبَلِّغ, not by the مُؤَذِّن, consisting of the common words of the أَذَان, with the addition of قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلَاةُ (The time of prayer has come!) pronounced twice after حَىَّ عَلَى الفَلَاحِ. See ثَوَّبَ.


مَقَامٌ

مَقَامٌ The place of the feet; (Ḳ;) a standingplace; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as alsoمُقَامٌ↓: (Ṣ:) or the latter, a place of stationing: (Mṣb:) and both, a place of continuance, stay, residence, or abode: (Ḳ:) [a standing:] and the latter, a place of long continuance, stay, residence, or abode: (Expos. of the Moʼallaḳát, Calc., p. 138:) and both, continuance, stay, residence, or abode. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)


مُقَامٌ

مُقَامٌ: see مَقَامٌ.


مُقِيمٌ

مُقِيمٌ Lasting; continuing: (Bḍ, ix. 21:) unceasing. (Bḍ, ix. 69.)

word: مُقِيمٌ(signification - A2)

أَخَذَهُ المُقِيمُ المُقْعِدُ: see art. قعد.

word: مُقِيمٌ(signification - A3)

مَقَامَةٌ

مَقَامَةٌ A standing-place. Hence, † A sittingplace. Hence, † The persons sitting there. Hence, † An oration, or a discourse, or an exhortation, (خُطْبَة او عِظَة,) or the like, there delivered; as also مَجْلِسٌ. (Mṭr, in De Sacy's ed. of El-Hareeree, p. 5.)


مُتَقَوِّمٌ

حَجَرٌ مُتَقَوِّمٌ (Ḳ, art. موس) A precious stone. (TA, same art.)


المُسْتَقِيمُ

المِعَى المُسْتَقِيمُ The rectum.


تَقْوِيمَاتٌ

تَقْوِيمَاتٌ [pl. of تَقْوِيمٌ] Stellar calculations. (TA, voce اِيجٌ.)