قحو قد قدح
قَدَّهُ, aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, M, O, L, Mṣb,) inf. n. قَدٌّ; (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) andقدّدهُ↓, (M, L,) [but this app. has an intensive signification, or denotes repetition of the action, or its relation to several objects,] inf. n. تَقْدِيدٌ; (L, Ḳ;) andاقتدّهُ↓, (M, L,) inf. n. اِقْتِدَادٌ; (Ḳ;) He cut it in an enlongated form; or lengthwise: (IDrd, M, L, Ḳ:) or slit, split, clave, rent, or divided, it, (namely, a thong, &c., Ṣ, O, L, and a garment, or piece of cloth, L,) lengthwise: (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and he cut it off entirely: (M, L, Ḳ:) or he cut it, or cut it off, in an absolute sense: (TA:) he cut it, namely, a skin: and he rent it, namely, a garment, or piece of cloth, or the like. (L.) One says, ضَرَبَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ فَقَدَّهُ بِنِصْفَيْنِ [He smote him with the sword and clave him in halves,] (L, Mṣb,*) or قَدَّهُ نِصْفَيْنِ. (A.) And قَدَّ القَلَمَ وَقَطَّهُ [He slit the writing-reed, and nibbed it, or cut off its point breadthwise, or crosswise]: (A, TA:) [for] قَطَّهُ is opposed to قَدَّهُ: (Ṣ and TA in art. قط:) and both of these verbs occur in a trad. describing ʼAlee's different modes of cutting [with the sword] when contracting himself and when stretching himself up. (TA.)
And [hence] قَدَّ, (Ṣ, M, A, L,) inf. n. قَدٌّ, (M, L, Ḳ,) ‡ He clave, cut through by journeying, or passed through, the desert, (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Ḳ,) and the night. (M, L)
And قَدَّ بِهِ الطَّرِيقُ, (so in a copy of the M,) or قَدَّتْهُ الطَّرِيقُ, (so in the L and TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M, L, TA,) i. q. قَطَعَهُ (M) or قَطَعَتْهُ (L, TA) ‡ [The road cut him off, app. from his companions, or from the object of his journey: compare قَطَعَ بِهِ and قُطِعَ بِهِ].
And قَدَّ الكَلَامَ, (M, L,) inf. n. as above, (M, L, Ḳ,) i. q. قَطَعَهُ (M, L, Ḳ *) and شَقَّهُ (M, L) [both of which explanations may here mean, as قَطَعَ الكَلَامَ generally does, † He cut short, or broke off, the speech; or ceased from speaking: or both may here mean, as قَطَعَ الكَلَامَ sometimes does, he articulated speech, or the speech: compare this latter rendering with an explanation of شَقَّقَ الكَلَامَ].
[قَدَّهُ also signifies He cut it out, or shaped it, in any manner, whether lengthwise or otherwise; like قَتَّهُ: see this latter, and a verse cited as an ex. of its inf. n.: and see also a saying near the end of the first paragraph of art. فرى. Hence] قُدَّ فُلَانٌ قَدَّ السَّيْفِ [Such a one was shaped with the shaping of the sword] means ‡ such a one was made goodly, or beautiful, in respect of التَّقْطِيع [i. e. conformation, or proportion, &c., like as is the sword]. (Ṣ, O, L, TA.) [See also قَدٌّ, below.]
And قُدّ means also † He suffered a pain [app. what may be termed a cutting pain] in the belly, called قُدَاد. (M, L, Ḳ.)
see 1, first sentence.
[Hence,] قدّد, (as implied in the L,) or قدّد اللَّحْمَ, (A, O,*) inf. n. تَقْدِيدٌ, (O, L,) He made قَدِيد [i. e. he cut flesh-meat into strips, or oblong pieces, and spread them in the sun, or salted them and spread them in the sun, to dry]. (L.)
قدّد عَلَيهِ, said of a garment, It fitted him, or suited him, in size and length. (L, from a trad.)
اقدّ عَلَيْهِ, said of food, † It occasioned him a pain in the belly, termed قُدَاد. (IḲṭṭ, TA.)
تقدّد said of a garment, or piece of cloth, It was, or became, much slit or rent. or ragged, or tattered, (O, Ḳ, TA,) and old and worn out. (TA.)
And, said of flesh-meat, quasi-pass. of 2, [i. e. It was, or became, cut into strips, or oblong pieces, and spread in the sun, or salted and spread in the sun, and so dried.]. (O.)
And, said of a company of men (قَوْمٌ), It became separated (Ṣ, M, O, L, Ḳ) into قِدَد [or parties, &c., pl. of قِدَّةٌ, q. v.]. (M, L.)
Also, said of a thing, (TA,) [perhaps from the same v. said of flesh-meat,] It was, or became, dry; or it dried, or dried up. (Ḳ, TA.)
And تقدّدت said of a she-camel, She became somewhat lean (O, Ḳ) after having been fat: (O:) or she became fat, (TA,) or began to become fat, after having been lean. (Ḳ, TA.)
انقدّ, (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andتقدّد↓, (M, L, Ḳ,) [but the latter app. has an intensive signification, or is said of a number of things,] the former said of a skin, and of a garment, or piece of cloth, (A,) not said of aught except some such thing as a bag for travelling-provisions and for goods or utensils &c., and such as clothing, (O,) It became cut in an elongated form; or lengthwise: (L, Ḳ:) or became slit, split, cloven, rent, or divided, lengthwise: (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or became cut off entirely: (M, L, Ḳ:) or became cut, or cut off. (TA.)
see 1, first sentence.
اقتدّ الأُمُورَ means ‡ He considered the affairs, forcasting their issues, or results, and discriminated them: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or he devised the affairs, and considered what would be their issues, or results. (M.)
استقدّ ‡ It contained, or continued in one manner, or state. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, A, O, Ḳ,) لَهُ to him. (A.) And † It (an affair, TA) was, or became, uniform, or even in its tenour. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ, TA.) And استقدّت الإِبِلُ † The camels went on undeviatingly, in one course, way, or manner: (O, Ḳ:) so says AA. (O.)
قَدْ is a noun and a particle: (Ṣ, O, Mughnee, Ḳ:) and as a noun it is used in two ways. (Mughnee, Ḳ.)
(I) It is a noun syn. with حَسْبُ; (Ṣ, O, Mughnee, Ḳ;) generally used indeclinably; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) thus accord. to the Basrees; with the د quiescent; (TA;) because resembling قَدْ the particle in respect of the letters composing it, and many other particles in respect of its form, (Mughnee, TA,) such as عَنْ and بَلْ &c.: (TA:) one says, قَدْ زَيْدٍ دِرْهَمٌ [The sufficiency of Zeyd (i. e. what is sufficient for Zeyd) is a dirhem], (Mughnee, Ḳ,) with the د quiescent; (Mughnee,* Ḳ,* TA;) and قَدِى (Ṣ, O) and قَدْنِى (Ṣ, O, Mughnee) [both] meaning حَسْبِى [My sufficiency (i. e. what is sufficient for me)]; (Ṣ, O;) the ن in قَدْنِى being inserted in order to preserve the quiescence [of the final letter of the noun] because this is the original characteristic of what they make indeclinable; (Mughnee;) but the insertion of the ن in this case is anomalous, for it is [by rule] only added in verbs, by way of precaution, [to prevent the confusion of the pronominal affix of the verb and that of the noun,] as in ضَرَبَنِى: (Ṣ, O:) [see, however, in the next sentence, an explanation of قَدْنِى accord. to which the ن is inserted regularly:] accord. to Yaạḳoob, using قَدْ in the sense of حَسْبُ, one says, مَا لَكَ عِنْدِى إِلَّا هٰذَا فَقَدْ i. e. فَقَطْ [There is nothing for thee with me, or nothing due to thee in my possession, except this, and it is a thing sufficient, or it is enough, فَقَطْ being held to signify properly فَحَسْبُ, but it is commonly used as meaning and no more]; and he asserts it [i. e. قَدْ] to be a substitute [for قَطْ]: (M:) and it is also used declinably; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) thus accord. to the Koofees; (TA;) but this is rare: (Mughnee:) one says قَدُ زَيْدٍ, making it marfooa, (Mughnee, Ḳ,) like as one says حَسْبُهُ; and قَدِى without ن [as mentioned above,] like as one says حَسْبِى. (Mughnee.)
(2) It is also a verbal noun, syn. with يَكْفِى: one says, قَدْ زَيْدًا دِرْهَمٌ [A dirhem suffices, or will suffice, Zeyd], and قَدْنِى دِرْهَمٌ [A dirhem suffices, or will suffice, me]; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) like as one says يَكْفِى زَيْدًا دِرْهَمٌ, and يَكْفِيْنِى دِرْهَمٌ. (Mughnee, Ḳ.*)
As a particle, it is used peculiarly with a verb, (Mughnee, Ḳ,) [i. e.] as such it is not preposed to anything except a verb, (Ṣ, O,) either a pret. or an aor., (TA,) from which it is not separated unless by an oath, (Mughnee,) such as is perfectly inflected, enunciative, (Mughnee, Ḳ,) not an imperative, (TA,) affirmative, and free from anything that would render it mejzoom or man- soob, and from what is termed حَرْف تَنْفِيس [i. e. سَوْفُ and its variants]: and it has six meanings. (Mughnee, Ḳ.)
(1) It denotes expectation: (M, Mughnee, Ḳ:) and when it is with an aor., this is evident; (Mughnee;) one says قَدْ يَقْدَمُ الغَائِبُ, (Mughnee, Ḳ,) meaning It is expected that the absent will come: (TA:) and most affirm that it is thus used with a pret.: (Mughnee:) accord. to some, (M,) it is used in reply to the saying لَمَّا يَفْعَلْ [i. e. “He has not yet done” such a thing, which implies expectation that he would do it]; (Ṣ, M, O;) the reply being, قَدْفَعَلَ [Already he has done the thing]: (M:) and Kh asserts that it is used in reply to persons expecting information; (Ṣ, M,* O, Mughnee;) [for to such] you say, قَدْ مَاتَ فَلَانٌ [Already such a one has died]; but if one inform him who does not expect it, he does not say thus, but he says [merely] مَاتَ فُلَانٌ: (Ṣ, O:) thus some say قَدْ رَكِبَ الأَمِيرُ [Already the commander has mounted his horse] to him who expects his mounting: some, however, disallow that قَدْ is used to denote expectation with the pret. because the pret. denotes what is already past; and hence it appears that those who affirm it to be so used mean that the pret. denotes what was expected before the information: (Mughnee: [in which it is added, with some other observations, that, in the opinion of its author, it does not denote expectation even with the aor.; because the saying يَقْدَمُ الغَئِبُ denotes expectation without قَدْ:]) MF says, What we have been orally taught by the sheykhs in El-Andalus is this, that it is a particle denoting the affirmation of truth, or certainty, when it occurs before a pret., and a particle denoting expectation when it occurs before a future. (TA.)
(2) It denotes the nearness of the past to the present: (O, Mughnee, Ḳ:) so in the saying قَدْ قَامَ زَيْدٌ [Zeyd has just, or just now, stood; a meaning often intended by saying merely, has stood]; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) for this phrase without قد may mean the near past and the remote past; (Mughnee;) and so in the saying of the muëdhdhin, قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلَاةُ [The time of the rising to prayer has just come, or simply has come]: (O:) [and, when thus used, it is often immediately preceded by the pret. or aor. of the verb كَانَ; thus you say, كَانَ قَدْ ذَهَبَ He had just, or simply had, gone away; and يَكُونُ قَدْ ذَهَبَ He will, or shall, have just, or simply have gone away:] and accord. to the Basrees, except Akh, it must be either expressed or understood immediately before a pret. used as a denotative of state; as in [the saying in the Ḳur ii. 247,] وَمَا لَنَا أَلَّا نُقَاتِلُ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللّٰهِ وَقَدْ أُخْرِجْنَا مِنْ دِيَارِنَا وَأَبْنَائِنَا [And what reason have we that we should not fight in the cause of God when we have been expelled from our abodes and our children?]; and in [the saying in the Ḳur iv. 92,] أَوْ جَاؤُوكُمْ حَصِرَتْ صُدُورُهُمْ أنْ يُقَاتِلُوكَمْ [Or who come to you, their bosoms being contracted so that they are incapable of fighting you, or their bosoms shrinking from fighting you]; but the Koofees and Akh says that this is not required, because of the frequent occurrence of the pret. as a denotative of state without قَدْ, and [because] the primary rule is that there should be no meaning, or making, anything to be understood, more especially in the case of that which is in frequent use: (Mughnee:) Sb [however] does not allow the use of the pret. as a denotative of state without قَدْ; and he makes حصرت صدورهم to be an imprecation [meaning may their bosoms become contracted]: (Ṣ in art. حصر; in which art. in the present work see more on this subject:) and the inceptive لَ is prefixed to it like of the saying, إِنَّ زَيْدًا لَقَدْ قَامَ [Verily Zeyd has just stood, or has stood]; because the primary rule is that it is to be prefixed to the noun, and it is prefixed to the aor. because it resembles the noun, and when the pret. denotes a time near to the present it resembles the aor. and therefore it is allowable to prefix it thereto. (Mughnee.) [See also the two sentences next after what is mentioned below as the sixth meaning.]
(3) It denotes rareness, or paucity; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) either of the act signified by the verb, (Mughnee,) as in [the saying], قَدْ يَصْدُقُ الكَذُوبُ [In some few instances the habitual liar speaks truth]; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) or of what is dependent upon that act, as in [the saying in the Ḳur xxiv. last verse,] قَدْ يَعْلَمُ مَا أَنْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ [as though] meaning أَنَّ مَا هُمْ عَلَيْهِ هُوَ أَقَلُّ مَعْلُومَاتِهِ [so that it should be rendered At least He knoweth that state of conduct and mind to which ye are conforming yourselves]: but some assert that in these exs. and the like thereof it denotes the affirmation of truth, or certainty; [as will be shown hereafter;] and that the denoting of rareness, or paucity, in the former ex. is not inferred from قَدْ, but from the saying الكَذُوبُ يَصْدُقٌ. (Mughnee.)
(4) It denotes frequency; (Mughnee, Ḳ;) [i. e.] sometimes (Ṣ, O) it is used as syn. with رُبَّمَا [as denoting frequency, as well as with رُبَّمَا in the contr. sense, mentioned in the next preceding sentence]: (Ṣ, M, O:) thus in the saying (Ṣ, M, O, Mughnee, Ḳ) of the Hudhalee, (M, Mughnee,) or 'Abeed Ibn-El-Abras, (IB, TA,)
* قَدْ أَتْرُكُ القِرْنَ مُصْفَرًّا أَنَامِلُهُ *
[Often I leave the antagonist having his fingers' ends become yellow]. (Ṣ, M, O, Mughnee, Ḳ.)
(5) It denotes the affirmation of truth, or certainty: thus in [the saying in the Ḳur xci. 9,] قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا [Verily, or certainly, or indeed, or really, he prospereth, or will prosper, who purifieth it; (namely, his soul;) each pret. here occupying the place of a mejzoom aor.]: (Mughnee, Ḳ:) and thus accord. to some in [the saying in the Ḳur xxiv. last verse, of which another explanation has been given above,] قَدْ يَعْلَمُ مَا أَنْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ [Verily, or certainly, &c., He knoweth that state of conduct and mind to which ye are conforming yourselves]. (Mughnee.)
(6) It denotes negation, (Mughnee, Ḳ,) accord. to ISd, (Mughnee,) occupying the place of مَا, (M,) in the saying, قَدْ كُنْتَ فِى خَيْرٍ فَتَعْرِفَهُ, (M, Mughnee, Ḳ,) with تعرف mansoob, [as though meaning Thou wast not in prosperity, that thou shouldst know it,] (Mughnee, Ḳ,) heard from one of the chaste in speech: (M:) but this is strange. (Mughnee.)
[When it is used to denote the nearness of the past to the present, as appears to be indicated by the context in the O,] قَدْ may be separated from the verb by an oath; as in قَدْ وَٱللّٰهِ أَحْسَنْتَ [Thou hast, by God, done well] and قَدْ لَعَمْرِى بِتُّ سَاهِرًا [I have, by my life, or by my religion, passed the night sleepless]. (O, Mughnee. [In the latter, this and what here next follows are mentioned before the explanations of the meanings of the particle; probably because the meaning in these cases can hardly be mistaken.]) And the verb may be suppressed after it, (M,* O, Mughnee,) when its meaning is apprehended, (O,) or because of an indication; (Mughnee;) as in the saying of En-Nábighah (M, O, Mughnee) Edh-Dhubyánee, (O,)
* أَفِدَ التَّرَحُّلُ غَيْرَ أَنَّ رِكَابَنَا ** لَمَّا تَزُلْ بِرِحَالِنَا وَكَأَنْ قَدِ *
[The time of departure has drawn near, though the camels that we ride have not left with our utensils and apparatus for travelling, but it is as though they had (left)]; meaning كَأَنْ قَدْ زَالَتْ. (M, O, Mughnee.)
If you make قَدْ an اِسْم [i. e. a subst. or a proper name], you characterize it by teshdeed: therefore you say, كَتَبْتُ قَدًّا حَسَنَةً [I wrote a beautiful قد]; and so you do in the case of كَىْ and هُوَ and لَوْ; because these words have no indication of what is deficient in them [supposing them to be originally of three radical letters], therefore it is requisite to add to the last letter of each what is of the same kind as it, and this is incorporated into it: but not in the case of ا; for in this case you add ء; thus if you name a man لَا, or مَا, and then add at the end of it ا, you make it ء; for you make the second ا movent, and ا when movent becomes ء: (Ṣ, O:) so says J, [and Ṣgh has followed him in the O,] and such is the opinion of Akh and of a number of the grammarians of El-Basrah [and of El-Koofeh (MF)], and F has quoted this passage in the B and left it uncontradicted: but IB says, (TA,) [and after him F in the Ḳ,] this is a mistake: that only is characterized by teshdeed of which the last letter is infirm: you say, for هُوَ, (IB, Ḳ,) used as the name of a man, (IB,) هُوٌّ, (IB, Ḳ,) and for لَوْ you say لَوٌّ, and for فِى you say فِىٌّ; (IB;) and such is characterized by teshdeed only in order that the word may not be reduced to one letter on account of the quiescence of the infirm letter [which would disappear] with tenween [as it does in دَمٌ and يَدٌ &c.]: (Ḳ:) but as to قَدْ, if you use it as a name, you say قَدٌ; (IB, Ḳ;) and for مَنْ you say مَنٌ, and for عَنْ you say عَنٌ; (Ḳ;) like يَدٌ (IB, Ḳ) and دَمٌ &c.: (Ḳ:) F, however, [following IB,] is wrong in calling J's statement a mistake; though the rule given by him [and IB] is generally preferred. (MF, TA.)
قَدٌّ The skin of a lamb or kid: (M, A, L, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or [only] of a kid: (Ṣ, O, L:) or, accord. to IDrd, a small skin, but of what kind he does not say: (M, L:) pl. (of pauc., Ṣ) أَقُدٌّ and (of mult., Ṣ) قِدَادٌ (ISk, Ṣ, M, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) and [of pauc. also] أَقِدَّةٌ, which is extr. (M, L.) Hence the saying, فُلَانٌ مَا يَعْرِفُ القَدَّ مِنَ القِدِّ↓ Such a one knows not the skin of a lamb, or kid, from the thong. (A.) And hence, (O, Ḳ,) it is said in a prov., (Ṣ, M, A, O,) مَا يَجْمَلُ قَدَّكَ إِلَى أَدِيمِكَ (Ṣ, M, A, O, Ḳ) What approximates thy skin of a lamb, or kid, to thy hide [of a full-grown beast]? meaning, accord. to Th, † what makes the great to be like the little? (M: [or the little to be like the great?]) or meaning what induces thee to make thy small affair [appear] great? (Ṣ:) or what approximates thy small [affair] to thy great? (O, Ḳ:) applied to him who transgresses his proper limit; (M, O, Ḳ;) and to him who compares the contemptible with the noble. (O, Ḳ.)
See also قِدٌّ, in two places.
Also † The measure, quantity, size, or bulk, (M, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of a thing: (M, L:) ‡ the conformation, or proportion, syn. تَقْطِيع, (Ṣ, M, A, O, L, Ḳ,) of a thing, (M, L,) or of a young woman, (A,) or of a man: (Ḳ:) ‡ the stature, syn. قَامَة, (Ṣ, A, O, L, Ḳ,) of a man: (Ḳ:) † his justness of form, or symmetry: (M, L, Ḳ:) and † his figure, person, or whole body: (M, L:)pl. [of pauc.] أَقُدٌّ (M, L, Ḳ) and أَقِدَّةٌ, (Ḳ,) which is extr., (TA,) and [of mult.] قُدُودٌ (M, L, Ḳ) and قِدَادٌ. (Ḳ.) One says, هٰذَا عَلَى قَدِّ ذَاكَ † This is equal in measure, quantity, size, or bulk, to that; is like that. (Mṣb.) And شَىْءٌ حَسَنُ القَدِّ † A thing goodly, or beautiful, in respect of conformation, or proportion. (L.) And جَارِيَةٌ حَسَنَةُ القَدِّ ‡ A young woman goodly, or beautiful, in respect of stature, and of conformation, or proportion. (A.) And غُلَامٌ حَسَنُ القَدِّ † A young man goodly, or beautiful, in respect of justness of form, or symmetry, and in person, or the whole of his body. (M, L.)
See, again, قِدٌّ.
By the phrase يَا وَيْلَ قَدٍّ, addressed to Mikdád, in a verse of Jereer, is meant يَا وَيْلَ مِقْدَادٍ [O, woe to thee Mikdád]; the poet restricting himself to some of the letters [of the name]: an instance [more obviously] of a similar kind is سَلَّام used by El-Hoteiäh for سُلَيْمَان. (O.)
قُدٌّ A certain marine fish, (O, Ḳ,) the eating of which is said to increase [the faculty of] الجِمَاع. (O.)
قِدٌّ A thing that is مَقْدُود [i. e. cut in an elongated form, &c.]. (M, L.)
[And hence] A thong cut from an untanned skin, (Ṣ, M,* A, O,* L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) with which sandals or shoes are sewed, (M,* L, Mṣb,) and with which a captive is bound; (A;) pl. أَقُدٌّ: (Ṣ, O, L:) and [as a coll. gen. n.] thongs, cut from an untanned skin, with which camels' saddles and [the vehicles called] مَحَامِل are bound: (M, L:) andقِدَّةٌ↓ [of which the pl. is قِدَدٌ] is a more special term, (Ṣ, O, L,) signifying a single thong of this kind. (Ḳ.) See an ex. voce قَدٌّ.
And (hence, L) A whip; (O, L, Ḳ;) as alsoقَدٌّ↓. (Ḳ.) Thus in the trad., لَقَابُ قَوْسِ أَحَدِكُمْ وَمَوْضِعُ قِدِّهِ فِى الجَنَّةِ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا فِيهَا, (O,* L,) orقَدِّهِ↓, (Ḳ,) i. e. Verily the space that would be occupied by the bow of any one of you, and the place that would be occupied by his whip, in Paradise, are better than the present [sublunary] world and what is in it: or قِدّه may here have the meaning next following. (L.)
A sandal; because cut in an elongated form from the skin: (O, L:) or a sandal not stripped of the hair, in order that it may be more pliant. (IAạr, O, L.)
And A vessel of skin. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) One says, مَا لَهُ قِدٌّ وَلَا قِحْفٌ He has not a vessel of skin nor a vessel of wood: (Ṣ, O, M:) or a skin nor a fragment of a drinking-cup or bowl. (M.)
شَدِيدُ القِدِّ occurs in a trad. as some relate it, meaning Having a strong bowstring: but accord. to others, it is شَدِيدُ القَدِّ↓, meaning strong in pulling the bow. (L.)
قِدَّةٌ: see قِدٌّ.
Also A piece of a thing. (M, L.)
And hence, (M,) A party, division, sect, or distinct body or class, of men, holding some particular tenet, or body of tenets, creed, opinion, or opinions, (Ṣ, M, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) accord. to some, (Mṣb,) of whom each has his own, (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ,) or of which each has its own, (Mṣb,) erroneous opinion: (Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. قِدَدٌ. (Mṣb.) Hence, كُنَّا طَرَائِقَ قِدَدًا, (Ṣ, L, O, Ḳ,) in the Ḳur [lxxii. 11], (L, O,) said by the Jinn, (Fr, L,) We were parties, or sects, differing in their erroneous opinions, or in their desires: (Fr, O, L, Ḳ:) or separate [sects]; Muslims and not Muslims: (Zj:) or diverse, or discordant, or various, sects; Muslims and unbelievers. (Jel.) And one says, صَارَ القَوْمُ قِدَدًا The people became divided, or different, in their states, or conditions, and their desires, or erroneous opinions. (L.)
قَدَادٌ The hedge-hog:
and The jerboa. (O, Ḳ.)
قُدَادٌ A pain [app. what may be termed a cutting pain] in the belly. (Ṣ, M, O, L, Ḳ.) حَبَنًا وَقُدَادًا is a form of imprecation, meaning [May God inflict upon thee] dropsy, and a pain in the belly. (L.)
قَدِيدٌ, (Ṣ, M, O, L, Ḳ,) or لَحْمٌ قَدِيدٌ, (Mṣb,) Flesh-meat cut into strips, or oblong pieces: (M, L, Ḳ:) or cut, (M,) or cut into oblong pieces, and spread, or spread in the sun, to dry: (M, L, Ḳ:) or salted, and dried in the sun: (L:) i. q. لَحْمٌ مُقَدَّدٌ: (Ṣ, O, L:) قَدِيدٌ is of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ. (L.)
ثَوْبٌ قَدِيدٌ A garment, or piece of cloth, [slit, or rent, and] old and worn out. (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ.)
قُدَيْدٌ A small مِسْح [or garment of thick, or coarse, hair-cloth], (M,* Ḳ,* TA,) such as is worn by persons of low condition. (TA.)
قَدِيدِيُّونَ, (IAth, O, Ḳ, TA,) thus accord. as a trad., in which it occurs is related, (IAth, TA,) not to be pronounced with damm, (Ḳ,) or, as some say, it is [قُدَيْدِيُّونَ, i. e.] with damm to the ق and fet-ḥ to the [first] د, (IAth, TA,) and thus in the handwriting of Z in the “Fáïk,” (O,) [and thus I find it in a copy of the A,] The followers of an army, consisting of handicraftsmen, (A, IAth, O, Ḳ, TA,) such as the repairer of cracked wooden bowls, and the farrier, (O, Ḳ, TA,) and the blacksmith: (O, TA:) of the dial. of the people of Syria: as though they were called by the former appellation because of the tattered state of their clothing; (O;) or by the latter as though, by reason of their low condition, they wore the small مِسْح called قُدَيْد; or from التَّقَدُّدُ, because they disperse themselves in the provinces on account of need, and because of the tattered state of their clothing; and the diminutive form denotes mean estimation of their condition: (IAth, TA:) a man (IAth, O, TA) of them (O) is reviled by its being said to him يَا قَدِيدىُّ (IAth, O, TA) and يا قُدَيْدِىُّ: (IAth, TA:) and it is commonly used in the language of the Persians also. (O.)
قَيْدُودٌ A she-camel long in the back: (O, Ḳ:) but this is said to be derived from القَوْدُ, like الكَيْنُونَةُ from الكَوْنُ: (L:) [see art. قود:] pl. قَيَادِيدُ. (Ḳ. [In the O the pl. is written قَنَادِيدُ.])
مَقَدٌّ ‡ A road: (A, Ḳ, TA:) because it is cut: so in the phrase مَفَازَةٌ مُسْتَقِيمَةُ المَقَدِّ ‡ [A desert, or waterless desert, whereof the road is straight, or direct]. (A, TA.)
† The rima vulvæ of a woman. (M, L.)
† The part of the back of the neck that is between the ears. (Ḳ, L. [A dial. var. of, or a mistake for, مَقَذٌّ.])
And i. q. قَاعٌ, i. e. † An even, or a plain, place. (Ṣ, M, O, L.)
مِقَدٌّ, like مِدَقٌّ [in measure], (Ḳ, [in a copy of the M, erroneously, مَقَدّ,]) orمِقَدَّةٌ↓, (L,) The iron instrument with which skin is cut (يُقَدُّ). (L,* Ḳ,* TA.)
مِقَدَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مَقَدِّىٌّ Wine of El-Makadd, a town of the region of the Jordan, (Ḳ,) or, as is said in the Marásid and the Moajam, near Adhri'át, in the Howrán; (TA;) wrongly said by J to be without teshdeed to the د, for the wine called مَقَدَىٌّ is different from that called مَقَدِّىٌّ: (Ḳ:) or it is wine boiled until it is reduced to half its original quantity; likened to a thing that is divided (قُدَّ) in halves; so accord. to Rejá Ibn-Selemeh, and in the Nh and Ghareebeyn; and sometimes it is pronounced without teshdeed to the د. (TA.)