دود دور دوس
1. (دور ⇒ دار)
دَارَ, aor. يَدُورُ, inf. n. دَوْرٌ and دَوَرَانٌ (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and دُؤُورٌ (M) and مَدَارٌ; (Lth, T;) andاستدار↓; (M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) andادار↓; (M;) He, or it, went, moved, or turned, round; circled; revolved; returned to the place from which he, or it, began to move. (TA.)
You say, دَارُوا حَوْلَهُ andاستداروا↓ They went round it: (A:) and دار حَوْلَ البَيْتِ andاستدار↓ He went round the house [or Kaabeh]. (Mṣb.) Z and others dislike the phrase داربِالبَيْتِ, [which seems to have been used in the same sense as دار حَوْلَهُ,] preferring the phrase طَافَ بِالبَيْتِ, because of the phrase دار بَالدُّوَارِ, signifying He went round about in the circuit called الدُّوَار, round the idol called by the same name. (TA.) [استدار↓ بِهِ mostly signifies It encircled, or surrounded, or encompassed, it.]
[You say also, دار بَيْنَهُمْ It (a thing, as, for instance, a wine-cup) went round, or circulated, among them. And] دار الفَلَكُ فِى مَدَارِهِ [The firmament, or celestial orb or sphere, revolved upon its axis]: (A:) دَوَرَانُ الفَلَكِ signifies the consecutive incessant motions of the several parts of the firmament. (Mṣb.)
Hence the saying دَارَتِ المَسْأَلَةُ, [inf. n. دَوْرٌ,] The question formed a circle; one of its propositions depending for proof upon another following it, and perhaps this upon another, and so on, and the latter or last depending upon the admission of the first. (Mṣb.) [And in like manner, دار, inf. n. دَوْرٌ, signifies He reasoned in a circle.]
It is said in a trad., إِنَّ الزَّمَانَ قَدِ ٱسْتَدَارَ↓ كَهَيْئَتِهِ يَوْمَ خَلْقِ ٱللّٰهِ السَّمٰوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ [Verily time hath come round to the like of the state in which it was on the day of God's creating the heavens and the earth: this was said by Moḥammad after he had forbidden the practice of intercalating a lunar month, by which the Arabs had long imperfectly adjusted their lunar year to the solar.] (TA.) And one says, دَارَتِ الأَيَّامُ [The days came round in their turns]. (Ṣ and Mṣb and Ḳ in art. دول.) And يَوْمٌ لَا يَدُورُ فِى شَهْرِهِ [A day of the week that does not come round again in its month: as the last Wednesday, &c.]. (Mujáhid, TA voce دُبَارٌ [q. v.].) [And دار is said of an event, as meaning It came about. See an ex. in a verse cited in art. اذ.]
داربِهِ It went round with him; as the ground and the sea do [apparently] with a person sick by reason of vertigo, or giddiness in the head. (L in art. ميد. [See also 4.])
One says also,استدار↓ بِمَا فِى قَلْبِى ‡ He comprehended [as though he encircled] what was in my heart. (A.)
And فُلَانٌ يَدُورُ عَلَى أَرْبَعِ نِسْوَةٍ ‡ Such a one has within the circuit of his rule and care four wives, or women. (A.) And فُلَانٌ يَدُورُ حَوْلَ فُلَانَةَ وَيُجَمِّشُهَا ‡ [Such a man has within his power and care such a female, and toys, dallies, wantons, or holds amorous converse, with her]. (A and TA in art. حوض.) And أَنَا أَدُو حَوْلَ ذٰلِكَ الأَمْرِ ‡ [I have within my compass, or power, and care, that thing or affair]. (Ṣ and A in art حوض.)
See also 4, in four places.
دوّرهُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تَدْوِيرٌ, (Ṣ,) He made it مُدَوَّر [i. e. round, meaning both circular and spherical]; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoادارهُ↓. (TA.)
See also 4, in two places.
[One says also, دوّر الآرَآءَ فِى أَمْرٍ andادارها↓ † He turned about, or revolved, thoughts, or ideas, or opinions, in his mind, respecting an affair: like as one says, قَلَّبَ الفِكَرَ فَى أَمْرٍ.]
داورهُ, inf. n. مُدَاوَرَةٌ and دِوَارٌ, He went round about with him; syn. دَارَ مَعَهُ. (M, Ḳ.)
[And hence, † He circumvented him.] Aboo-Dhu-eyb says,
* حَتَّى أُتِيحَ لَهُ يَوْمًا بِمَرْقَبَةٍ ** ذُو مِرَّةٍ بِدِوَارِ الصَّيْدُ وَجَّاسُ *
[Until there was prepared for him, one day, in a watching-place, an intelligent person, acquainted with the circumvention of game]: وجّاس is here made trans. by means of ب because it means the same as عَالِمٌ in the phrase عَالِمٌ بِهِ. (M.) [Or the meaning of the latter hemistich is, a person possessing skill in circumventing game, attentive to their motions and sounds.]
داورهُ also signifies † He endeavoured to induce him to turn, or incline, or decline; or he endeavoured to turn him by deceit, or guile; عَنِ الأَمْرِ from the thing; and عَلَيْهِ to it; syn. لَاوَصَهُ. (M, Ḳ.) It is said in the trad. respecting the night-journey [of Moḥammad to Jerusalem, and his ascension thence into Heaven], that Moses said to Moḥammad, لَقَدْ دَاوَرْتُ بَنِى إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَى أَدْنَى مِنْ هٰذَا فَضَعُفُوا [† Verily I endeavoured to induce the children of Israel to incline to less than this, and they were unable]: or, accord. to one relation, he said رَاوَدْتُ. (TA.) See also 4.
دَاوَرَ الأُمُورَ ‡ He sought to find the modes, or manners, of doing, or performing, affairs, or the affairs: (A:) المُدَاوَرَةٌ is like المُعَالَجَةٌ [signifying the labouring, taking pains, applying one's self vigorously, exerting one's self, striving, or struggling, to do, execute, or perform, or to effect, or accomplish, or to manage, or treat, a thing; &c.]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) Suheym Ibn-Wetheel says,
* أَخُو خَمْسِينَ مُجْتَمِعٌ أَشُدِّى ** وَنَجَّدَنِى مُدَاوَرَةُ الشُّؤُونِ *
[Fifty years of age, my manly vigour full, and vigorous application to the management of affairs has tried and strengthened me]. (Ṣ.)
4. (ادور ⇒ ادار)
ادارهُ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) andدوّرهُ↓, (M, A, Ḳ,) andدَارَ↓ بِهِ, (M, TA,) andدوّر↓ بِهِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and اَدَارَ بِهِ, andاستدار↓ بِهِ, (M, Ḳ,) He, or it, made, or caused, him, or it, to go, move, or turn, round; to circle; to revolve; to return to the place from which he, or it, began to move. (TA.) You say, أَدَارَ العِمَامَةَ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ [He wound the turban round upon his head]. (A.) And ادار الزَّعْفَرَانَ فِى المَآءِ [He stirred round the saffron in the water, in dissolving it]. (A and TA in art. دوم.) And
*دَارَتْ↓ بِهِ دَوَائِرُ الزَّمَانِ *
[The revolutions of fortune, or time, made him to turn round from one state, or condition, to another]. (A.) Andدِيرَ↓ بِهِ, and أُدِيرَ بِهِ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) andدِيرَ↓ عَلَيْهِ (Ḳ,) [the first and second lit. signifying He was made to turn round; by which, as by the third also, is meant] he became affected by a vertigo, or giddiness in the head. (Ṣ,* A,* Ḳ. [See also 1.])
ادارهُ عَلَى الأَمْرِ He endeavoured [to turn him to the thing, i. e.] to induce him to do the thing: and ادارهُ عَنْهُ he endeavoured [to turn him from it, i. e.] to induce him to leave, or relinquish, it; (T, A;) or i. q. لَاوَصَهُ; as alsoدَاوَرَهُ↓, q. v. (M, Ḳ.)
إِدَارَةٌ [the inf. n.] also signifies The giving and taking, from hand to hand, without delay: and agreeably with this explanation is rendered the phrase in the Ḳur [ii. 282], لِجَارَةٌ حَاضِرَةٌ تُدِيرُونَهَا بَيْنَكُمْ [Ready merchandise, which ye give and take among yourselves, from hand to hand, without delay; i. e., not on credit]. (TA.)
and 2, in two places.
تديّر المَكَانَ He took the place as a house, or an abode. (A.) [The ى in this verb takes the place of و, as in دَيْرٌ and اَيْبَةٌ &c.]
10. (استدور ⇒ استدار)
استدار [It had, or assumed, a round, or circular, form; it coiled itself, or became coiled; it wound, or wound round;] it was, or became, round. (KL.) You say, استدار القَمَرُ [The moon became round, or full: see also the act. part. n., below]. (A.) And لَفَّتْ ثَوْبًا كَٱلْعِصَابَةِ عَلَى ٱسْتِدَارَةِ رَأْسِهَا [She wound a piece of cloth like the fillet upon the round of her head, leaving the crown uncovered]. (Mgh and L and Mṣb voce مِعْجَرٌ.)
See also 1, in six places.
دَارٌ, [originally دَوَرٌ, as will be seen below, A house; a mansion; and especially a house of a large size, comprising a court; or a house comprising several sets of apartments and a court; (see بَيْتٌ;)] a place of abode which comprises a building, or buildings, and a court, or space in which is no building: (T, M, Ḳ:) as alsoدَارَةٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) or the latter is a more special term; (Ṣ;) meaning any particular house; the former being a generic term: (MF:) accord. to IJ, it is from دَارَ, aor. يَدُورُ; because of the many movements of the people in it: (M:) it is of the fem. gender: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) and sometimes masc.; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as in the Ḳur xvi. 32, as meaning مَثْوَى, or مَوْضِع, (Ṣ,) or as being a gen. n.: (MF:) pl. (of pauc., Ṣ) أَدْؤُرٌ and أَدْوُرٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and آدُرٌ, (Abu-l- Ḥasan, AAF, Mṣb, Ḳ,) formed by transposition, (Mṣb,) [for أَوْدُرٌ,] and أَدْوَارٌ (T, Ḳ) and أَدْيَارٌ (T) and أَدْوِرَةٌ, (T, Ḳ,) and (of mult., Ṣ) دِيَارٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) like as جِبَالٌ is pl. of جَبَلٌ, (Ṣ,) and دِوَارٌ (T) and دِيَارَةٌ (M, Ḳ) and دُورٌ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) like as أُسْدٌ is pl. of أَسَدٌ, (Ṣ,) and دِيرَانٌ (T, M, Ḳ) and دُورَانٌ (T, Ḳ) and دِيَرٌ and دِيَرَةٌ, (T,) and [quasi-pl. n.] دَارَةٌ↓, and [pl. pl.] دِيَارَاتٌ [pl. of دِيَارٌ] and دُورَاتٌ [pl. of دُورٌ], (M, Ḳ,) and [pl. of دَارَةٌ] دَارَاتٌ. (T.) The dim. isدُوَيْرَةٌ↓. (Ḥar p. 161.) [Hence, دَارُ الضَرْبِ The mint: &c.]
Also Any place in which a people have alighted and taken up their abode; an abode; a dwelling. (T, Mgh.) Hence the present world is called دَارُ الفَنَآءِ [The abode of perishableness; or the perishable abode]: and the world to come, دَارُ البَقَآءِ [The abode of everlastingness; or the everlasting abode]; and دَارُ القَرَارِ [The abode of stability; or the stable abode]; and دَارُ السَّلَامِ [The abode of peace, or of freedom evil]. (T.) [And hence, دَارُ الحَرْبِ: see حَرْبٌ.] [Hence, also,] دَارٌ is applied to A burial-ground. (Nh from a trad.)
[And hence,] اِسْتَأْذِنْ عَلَى رَبِّى فِى دَارِهِ [Ask thou permission for me to go in to my Lord] in his Paradise. (TA from a trad. respecting intercession.)
And سَأُرِيكُمْ دَارَ الفَاسِقِينَ, in the Ḳur [vii. 142, I will show you the abode of the transgressors], meaning Egypt: or, accord. to Mujáhid, the abode to which the transgressors shall go in the world to come. (TA.)
[Hence, also,] دَارٌ signifies i. q. بَلَدٌ [A country, or district: or a city, town, or village]. (Mgh, Ḳ.)
And, with the art. ال, [El-Medeeneh;] the City of the Prophet. (Ḳ.)
And hence, (TA,) دَارٌ also signifies ‡ A tribe; syn. قَبِيلَةٌ: (A, Ḳ:) for أَهْلُ دَارٍ: (TA:) as alsoدَارَةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) pl. of the former, دُورٌ. (A, Mṣb.) You say, مَرَّتْ بِنَا دَارُ بَنِى فُلَانٍ ‡ The tribe of the sons of such a one passed by us. (A.) And in the same sense دار is used in a trad. in which it is said that there remained no دار among which (فِيهَا) a mosque had not been built. (TA.)
Mtr states that it is said to signify also A year; syn. حَوْلٌ; and if this be correct, which he does no hold to be the case, it is from الدَّوَرَانُ, like as حَوْلٌ is from الحَوَلَانُ: or, as some say, i. q. دَهْرٌ [as meaning a long time, or the like]. (Ḥar p. 350.)
And الدَّارُ is the name of A certain idol. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
[دار and دير explained by Freytag as meaning “Medulla liquida in ossibus” are mistakes for رَارٌ and رَيْرٌ.]
دَوْرٌ an inf. n. of دَارَ. (Ṣ, M, &c.)
[Hence, The circumference of a circle: see تَكْسِيرٌ.]
And A turn, or twist, of a turban, (T, A,) and of a rope, or any other thing: (T:) pl. أَدْوَارٌ. (A.)
دَيْرٌ, originally with و; (T, Ṣ;) or originally thus, with ى, (M, [and so accord. to the place in which it is mentioned in the A and Mṣb and Ḳ,]) as appears from the occurrence of the ى in its pl. and in the derivative دَيَّارٌ, for if the ى were in this case interchangeable with و it would occur in other derivatives; (M;) [or this is not a valid reason, for دَيَّارٌ is held by J to be originally دَيْوَارٌ, i. e. of the measure فَيْعَالٌ; and ISd himself seems in one place to express the same opinion; in like manner as دَيُّورٌ is held by the latter to be originally دَيْوُورٌ; and تَدَيَّرَ is evidently altered from تَدَوَّرَ;] A convent, or monastery, (خان,) of Christians: (M, Ḳ:) and also the صَوْمَعَة [i. e. cloister, or cell,] of a monk: (A:) the pl. is أَدْيَارٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and دُيُورَةٌ. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] رأْسُ الدَّيْرِ [lit. The head of the convent or monastery] is an appellation given to ‡ Any one who has become the head, or chief, of his companions. (IAạr, Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)
دَارَةٌ: see دَائِرَةٌ, in two places. [Hence,] دَارَةٌ القَمَرِ The halo (هَاَلة) of the moon; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as alsoدَوَّارَة↓: (Ḳ * and TA in art. حلق:) pl. دَارَاتٌ. (Mṣb.) Dim.دُوَيْرَةٌ↓. (Ḥar p. 609.) One says, فُلَانٌ وَجْهُهُ مِثْلُ دَارَةِ القَمَرِ [Such a one's face is like the halo of the moon]. (TA.) Andلَا تَخْرُجْ عَنْ دَائِرَةِ↓ الإِسْلَامِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ القَمَرُ مِنْ دَارَتِهِ [Go not thou forth from the circle of El-Islám until the moon go forth from its halo]. (A.)
Also A round space of sand; (Ḳ;) as alsoدَيّرَةٌ↓, incorrectly written in the Ḳ دِيرَة↓ (TA) [and in some copies دَيْرَة]; andتَدْوِرَةٌ↓: pl. of the first دَارَاتٌ and دُورٌ: (Ḳ:) and pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] of the second دَيِّرٌ↓: (TA:) or دَارَةٌ signifies, accord. to Aṣ, a round tract of sand with a vacancy in the middle; as alsoدُورَةٌ↓, or, as others say, دَوْرَةٌ↓, andدَوَّارَةٌ↓ andدَيِّرَةٌ↓; and sometimes people sit and drink there. (T.)
And Any wide space of land among mountains: (Ḳ:) it is reckoned among productive low lands: (AḤn:) or a plain, or soft, tract of land encompassed by mountains: (A:) or a wide and plain space of land so encompassed: (Aṣ:) or i. q. بُهْرَةٌ, except that this is always plain, or soft, whereas a دارة may be rugged and plain, or soft: (Aboo-Fak'as, Kr:) or any clear and open space among sands. (TA.)
And Any place that is surrounded and confined by a thing. (T, A.)
See also دَارٌ, in three places.
دَارَةُ, determinate, (M, Ḳ,) and imperfectly decl., (M,) Calamity, or misfortune. (Kr, M, Ḳ.)
دَوْرَةٌ: see دَارَةٌ:
دُورَةٌ: see دَارَةٌ.
دِيرَةٌ: see دَارَةٌ.
دَارِىٌّ A man (A) who keeps to his house; (M, Ḳ;) who does not quit it, (M, A,) nor seek sustenance; (M;) as alsoدَارِيَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
And hence, (Ṣ,) † A possessor of the blessings, comforts, or conveniences, of life: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) pl. دَارِيُّونَ. (Ṣ.)
Also A camel, or sheep or goat, that remains at the house, not going to pasture: fem. with ة: (A:) or a camel that remains behind in the place where the others lie down; (M, Ḳ;) and so a sheep or goat. (M.)
A sailor that has the charge of the sail. (M, Ḳ.)
A seller of perfumes: so called in relation to Dáreen, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) a port of El-Bahreyn, in which was a market whereto musk used to be brought from India. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) It is said in a trad., مَثَلُ الجَلِيسِ الصَّالِحِ مَثَلُ الدَّارِىِّ إِنْ لَمْ يُحْذِكَ مِنْ عِطْرِهِ عَلِقَكَ مِنْ رِيحِهِ [The similitude of the righteous companion who sits and converses with one is that of the seller of perfumes: if he give not to thee of his perfume, somewhat of his sweet odour clings to thee]. (Ṣ.)
دُورِىٌّ: see دَيَّارٌ.
دَارِيَّةٌ: see دَارِىٌّ.
دَيْرَانِىٌّ (anomalous [as a rel. n. from دَيْرٌ], M) andدَيَّارٌ↓ The master, (صَاحِب, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) or an inhabitant, (T, A,) of a دَيْر [i. e. convent, or monastery]. (T, Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ.)
دَوَارٌ: see the next paragraph, in three places.
دُوَارٌ A vertigo, or giddiness in the head; (Ṣ,* A,* Ḳ;) as alsoدَوَارٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
Also, andدَوَارٌ↓, (Ṣ,) or الدُّوَارُ andالدَّوَارُ↓, (T, M, Ḳ,) and (but less commonly, TA) الدُّوَّارُ↓ andالدَّوَّارُ↓, (M, Ḳ,) A certain idol, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) which the Arabs set up, and around it they made a space, (T,) round which they turned, or circled: (T, M:) and the same name they applied to the space above mentioned: (T, M:) it is said that they thus compassed it certain weeks, like as people compass the Kaabeh: (MF:) or certain stones around which they circled, in imitation of people compassing the Kaabeh. (IAmb.) Imra-el- Keys says,
* عَذَارَى دُوَارٍ فِى مُلَآءٍ مُذَيَّلِ *
[Virgins making the circuit of Duwár, in long-skirted garments of the kind called مُلَآء]: (Ṣ:) likening a herd of [wild] cows to damsels thus occupied and attired, alluding to the length of their tails. (TA.) الدُّوَّارُ↓ andالدَّوَّارُ↓ also signify The Kaabeh. (Kr, M, Ḳ.) Andدُوَّارٌ↓ (Th, M, [not دُوَّارَةٌ, as is implied in the Ḳ,]) A circling tract (مُسْتَدَار↓) of sand, around which go the wild animals: (Th, M, Ḳ:) a poet says,
* بِدُّوَارِ نِهْى ذِى عَرَارٍ وَحُلَّبِ *
[In the sandy tract around a pool of water left by a torrent, containing plants of the kinds called 'arár and hullab]. (Th, M.)
دَيِّرٌ: see دَاَرةٌ.
دَيِّرَةٌ: see دَاَرةٌ, in two places:
دَوَّارٌ '[Turning round, circling, or revolving,] applied to the firmament, or celestial orb. (A.)
Applied likewise to time, or fortune; (M, Ḳ;) as alsoدَوَّارِىٌّ↓, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) which is said to be a rel. n., but is not so accord. to AAF, though having the form thereof, like كُرْسِىٌّ, (M,) the ى being a corroborative: (Mṣb voce وَحْشِىٌّ:) thus in the saying,
*وَالدَّهْرُ بِٱلْإِنْسَانِ دَوَّارِىُّ↓ *
(Ṣ, M,* A,* Ḳ,*) occurring in a poem of El-ʼAjjáj, (Ṣ,) and دَوَّارٌ, (M, Ḳ,) i. e. And time, or fortune, turns man about from one state, or condition, to another: (Ṣ, M,* A, Ḳ:*) or turns him about much. (Mṣb in art. وحش.)
See also دُوَارٌ, in two places.
دُوَّارٌ: see دُوَارٌ, in three places.
مَا بِالدَّارِ دَيَّارٌ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) originally دَيْوَارٌ, of the measure فَيْعَالٌ, (Ṣ,) andدُورِىٌّ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andدَيِّورٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) in which a و is changed into ى, (M,) [ديّور being originally دَيْوُورٌ,] andدَارِىٌّ↓, There is not in the house any one: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) the broken pl. of دَيَّارٌ and دَيُّورٌ is دَوَاوِيرُ; the و being unchanged because of its distance from the end of the word. (M.) ISd says, in the عَوِيص, that Yaạḳoob has erred in asserting ديّار to be used only in negative phrases; for Dhu-r-Rummeh uses it in an affirmative phrase. (MF.)
دَيُّورٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
دَوَّارَةٌ: see دَارَةٌ, in two places:
and see also دُوَّارَةٌ, in two places:
Also [or perhapsدُوَّارَةٌ↓] The pieces of wood which the water turns so as to make the mill turn with their turning. (Mgh.)
And A pair of compasses. (T, Ḳ,* TA.)
دُوَّارَةٌ andدَوَّارَةٌ↓, of the head, A round part or portion. (M, Ḳ.)
And of the belly, What winds, or what has, or assumes, a coiled, or circular, form, (مَا تَحَوَّى, [so in the M and L, in the Ḳ مايَحْوِى, which is evidently a mistake,]) of the guts, or intestines, of a sheep or goat. (M, L, Ḳ.*)
Accord. to IAạr, (T,) دَوَّارَةٌ↓ and فَوَّارَةٌ are applied to Anything [round] that does not move nor turn round: and دُوَّارَةٌ and فُوَّارَةٌ to a thing that moves and turns round. (T, Ḳ, TA.)
دَوَّارِىٌّ: see دَوَّارٌ, in two places.
دَائِرَةٌ, in which the ة is added for the purpose of transferring the word from the category of epithets to that of substs, and as a sign of the fem. gender, ('Ináyeh,) The circuit, compass, ambit, or circumference, of a thing; (T, Ḳ, TA;) as in the phrases دَائِرَةُ الحَافِرِ the circuit of, or what surrounds, the solid hoof, (TA,) or the circuit of hair around the solid hoof, (T,) and دَائِرَةُ الوَجْهِ the circuit of the face, or the parts around the face; (TA;) andدَارَةٌ↓ signifies the same: (Ḳ:) pl. of the former دَوَائِرُ; and of the latter دَارَاتٌ. (TA.) [Hence one says, هٰذَا أَوْسَعُ دَائِرَةً مِنْ ذَاكَ, meaning † This is wider in compass, or more comprehensive, than that. See also 10, third sentence.]
A ring: (M, Ḳ:) or the like thereof; a circle: and a round thing: as alsoدَارَةٌ↓; pl. as above. (T.) See an ex. voce دَارَةٌ.
The circular, or spiral, curl of hair upon the crown of a man's head: (T, M, Ḳ:) or the place of the دُؤَابَة. (IAạr, M, Ḳ.) Hence the prov., مَا ٱقْشَعَرَّتْ لَهُ دَائِرَتِى [The circular, or spiral, curl of hair upon the crown of my head did not stand erect on account of him]: said of him who threatens thee with a thing but does not harm thee. (M.)
[What is called, in a horse, A feather; or portion of the hair naturally curled or frizzled, in a spiral manner or otherwise]: pl. دَوَائِرُ. (T, Ṣ, Mṣb.) In a horse are eighteen دوائر, (AO, T, Ṣ,) which are distinguished by different names, as القَهْعَةُ and القَالِعُ and النَّاخِسُ and اللَّطَاةُ [&c.]. (AO, T.)
The round thing [or depression] (T) that is beneath the nose, (T, Ḳ,) which is likewise called نُونَةٌ; (T;) as alsoدَوَّارَةٌ↓ (T, Ḳ) andدَيِّرَةٌ↓. (T.) [But the دَائِرَة in the middle of the upper lip is The small protuberance termed حِثْرِمَةٌ, q. v.]
A turn of fortune: (AO:) and especially an evil accident; a misfortune; a calamity; (A,* TA;) as alsoدَوْرَةٌ↓: (TA:) defeat; rout: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) slaughter: death: (TA:) pl. as above. (A, Mṣb, &c.) You say, دَارَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الدَّوَائِرُ Calamities befell them. (M.) And hence, دَائِرَةُ السُّوْءِ [and السَّوْءِ, in the Ḳur ix. 99 and xlviii. 6,] (Ṣ, Mṣb) Calamity which befalls and destroys. (Mṣb. [See also art. سوأ.])
Also A piece of wood which is stuck in the ground in the middle of a heap of wheat in the place where it is trodden, around which the bulls or cows turn. (TA.)
تَدْوِرَةٌ: see دَارَةٌ.
Also i. q. مَجْلِسٌ [A sittingplace, &c.]. (Seer, M.)
مَدَارٌ an inf. n. of دَارَ. (Lth, T.)
And also, as a proper subst., (T,) The axis of the firmament, or celestial orb, [&c.] (T, A.)
[And hence, † The point upon which a question, or the like, turns. Pl. مَدَارَاتٌ.]
مُدَارٌ: see مُدَوَّرٌ:
هُوَ مَدُورُ بِهِ andمُدَارٌ↓ به [He is affected by a vertigo, or giddiness in the head: see 4]. (A.)
مُدَارَةٌ A skin made round, and sewed, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) in the form of a bucket, (Ṣ,) with which one draws water. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) A rájiz says,
* لَايَسْتَقِى فِى النَّزَحِ المَضْفُوفِ ** إِلَّا مُدَارَاتُ الغُرُوبِ الجُوفِ *
[Nothing will draw water in a well of which most of the water has been exhausted, to which many press to draw, except the kind of buckets made of a round piece of skin, of ample capacity]: i. e. one cannot draw water from a small quantity but with wide and shallow buckets: but some say that مدارات should be مداراة, from المُدَارَاةُ فِى الأُمُورِ; holding it to be for بِمُدَارَاةِ الدِّلَآءِ; and reading لَا يُسْتَقَى. (Ṣ, TA.)
Also A garment of the kind called إزَار figured (Ḳ, TA) with sundry circles: pl. مُدَارَاتٌ. (TA.)
مُدْوَرَةٌ, thus preserving its original form, (Ḳ,) not having the و changed into ا, (TA,) [in the CK, erroneously, مُدَوَّرَة,] She-camels which the pastor goes round about and milks. (Ḳ.)
مُدَوَّرٌ andمُدَارٌ↓ [Made round, meaning both circular and spherical; rounded; and simply round: the former word is the more common: of the latter, see an ex. in a verse cited voce يَلَبٌ: and see also مُسْتَدِيرٌ].
مُسْتَدَارُ [a noun of place and of time from اِسْتَدَارَ, agreeably with a general rule]: see دُوَارٌ.
مُسْتَدِيرٌ [Having, or assuming, a round, or circular, form; round, or circular: see also مُدَوَّرٌ]. You say قَمَرٌ مُسْتَدِيرٌ مُسْتَنِيرٌ [A round, or full, shining moon]. (A. [Accord. to the TA, the latter epithet is added as an explicative of the former; but this I think an evident mistake.])