خلع خلف خلق
خَلَفَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. خَلْفٌ, He came after, followed, succeeded, or remained after, another, or another that had perished or died. (TA.) Hence, in the Ḳur [vii. 168 and xix. 60], فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ (TA) And there hath succeeded them, or come after them, [a posterity, or] an evil posterity. (Bḍ in xix. 60.) And خَلَفَهُ He came after him, (Ṣ, A in art. دبر, Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) or behind him, (A ubi suprà, Mgh,) or following him nearly; (A ubi suprà;) inf. n. as above, (Mgh, TA,) and خِلْفَةٌ also: (Mgh:) or he remained after him: (Ḳ:) andجَآءَ خِلَافَهُ↓ likewise signifies [the same as جآء خَلْفَهُ; an inf. n. of خَالَفَ being thus used as an adv. n.; i. e.] he came after him. (TA.) You say also, خَلَفَ اللَّيْلُ النَّهَارَ, inf. n. خَلْفٌ and خِلْفَةٌ, The night followed, or came after, the day. (MA.)
[Hence,] خَلَفْتُهُ, [aor. as above,] inf. n. خَلْفٌ, [perhaps a mistranscription for خَلَفَ,] I was, after him, a substitute for him: (TA:) [I supplied his place: and I superseded him.] And خَلَفَهُ, (aor. as above, TA,) inf. n. خِلَافَةٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and خَلَفٌ (TA) and خِلِّيقَى, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA,) which last is an inf. n. of the intensive kind, (Ṣgh, MF, TA,) He was, or became, his خَلِيفَة [i. e. successor, or vice-agent, &c.], (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or his substitute; (TA;) فِى قَوْمِهِ [among, or in respect of, his people], (Ṣ, TA,) and أَهْلِهِ [his family]; relating to good and to evil; wherefore one says, أَوْصَى لَهُ بِالخِلَافَةِ [he charged him by his will with the being his successor, or vice-agent, &c.]; (TA;) or عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَمَالِهِ [over his family and his property]: (Mṣb:) andاختفلهُ↓ signifies the same; (Lḥ, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ;) he was, or became, his خَلِيفَة (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA) after him. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA.) And خَلَفَ فُلَانًا [alone] He was, or became, the خَلِيفَةٌ of such a one among, or in respect of, his family (Ḳ, TA) and his children. (TA.) And خَلَفَهُ رَبُّهُ فِى أَهْلِهِ (Ḳ, TA) and وَلَدِهِ, (TA,) inf. n. خِلَافَةٌ, (Ḳ,) His Lord was [for him] a خَلِيفَة [or supplier of his place] to his family (Ḳ, TA) and his children. (TA. [In the CK, اخلف is made to signify the same; but this is in consequence of an omission.]) And one says, خَلَفَ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ May God be to to thee a خَلِيفَة [or supplier of the place] (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) of thy father; (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or of the one whom thou hast lost: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) thus one says to one who has lost by death his father (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) or mother (Ḳ) or paternal uncle (Ṣ, Mṣb) or any other who cannot be replaced: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) and خَلَفَ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ خَيْرًا, (Ḳ,) or بِخَيْرٍ, (AZ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or both, (L,) and خَلَفَ ٱللّٰهُ لَكَ بِخَيْرٍ, (AZ, Mṣb,) andأَخْلَفَ↓ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ خَيْرًا and لَكَ خَيْرًا: (Ḳ: [in which it is implied that these phrases mean May God supply to thee well the place of him whom thou hast lost: but it is implied in the Mṣb that the two of them there mentioned mean May God restore to thee good in the place of that which has gone from thee: and it appears from what here follows that all of these phrases have the latter meaning, whether or not they have the former meaning also:]) to him who has lost property or a child or a thing [of any other kind] of which the replacement may be asked, (Ṣ,) or to him of whom that which may be replaced has perished, or died, (Ḳ,) one says,أَخْلَفَ↓ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) May God restore to thee the like of that which has gone from thee, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or may God restore to thee what has gone from thee; (Ḳ in a later part of the art.;) andاخلف↓ ٱللّٰه لَكَ; and خَلَفَ ٱللّٰه لك: or خَلَفَ ٱللّٰه عَلَيْكَ is allowable in relation to property and the like; and يَخْلَفُ, like يَمْنَعُ is allowable as its aor., though extr., (Ḳ,) as it has no faucial letter to occasion the fet-ḥ: (TA:) and one says also, خَلَفَ ٱللّٰهُ لَكَ بِخَيْرٍ meaning May God give thee good in the place of that which has gone from thee; (TA;) andاخلف↓ عَلَيْكَ خَيْرًا, (Mṣb, TA,) meaning the same; (TA;) and [so]اخلف↓ لَكَ خَيْرًا and بِخَيْرٍ: andاخلف↓ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ مَالَكَ and لَكَ مَالَكَ [May God restore, or replace, to thee thy property]. (Mṣb.) خَلَفَ أَبَاهُ, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (TA,) means He became behind his father; (Ḳ;) and if so, its inf. n. is خَلْفٌ: (TA:) or it means he became in the place of his father; (Ḳ;) and if so, its inf. n. is خَلَفٌ: (TA:) and خَلَفَ مَكَانَ أَبِيهِ, inf. n. خِلَافَةٌ (Ḳ) and خَلَفٌ, (TA,) he became in the place of his father, exclusively of every other. (Ḳ.) You say also, خَلَفَتِ الفَاكِهَةِ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا, (JK, Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلْفٌ, (JK, TA,) or خَلَفٌ, (TA, [the former being there altered to the latter (which is the more probably correct), or the latter to the former,]) and خِلْفَةٌ, (JK, TA,) The fruit replaced other fruit; or became substituted for other fruit. (JK,* Ḳ,* TA. [In the CK, صَارَ خَلْفًا is erroneously put for صَارَتْ خَلَفًا.]) And خَلَفَ فُلَانٌ عَلَى فُلَانَةَ, inf. n. خِلَافَةٌ, [like عَقَبَ عَلَيْهَا,] Such a man took as his wife such a woman after another husband [and thus supplied his place]. (Z, TA.)
خَلَفَ ُلَانًا, (aor. ـُ TA,) He took, or seized, such a one from behind him; (JK,* Ḳ;) as alsoاختلفهُ↓. (TA.) And hence, (TA,) خَلَفَ لَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ (JK, TA) He came to him from behind him, and smote his neck, or struck off his head, with the sword. (TA.)
خَلَفَ فُلَانٌ بِعَقِبِى [is explained as meaning] Such a one stayed, or abode, after me. (Mṣb in art. عقب) [But]
خَلَفَ بِعَقَبِ فُلَانٍ is said by some to mean خَالَفَهُ↓ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ [q. v.]: accord. to Aṣ, however, it means He parted with such a one on the condition of doing a certain thing, and then came behind him [or behind his back] and did another thing after parting with him: and Az says that this is a more correct explanation than the former one. (TA.) [Hence, app.,] one says also, إِنَّ ٱمْرَأَةَ فُلَانٍ تَخْلُفُ زَوْجَهَا بِالنِّزَاعِ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ إِذَا غَابَ عَنْهَا [Verily the wife of such a one is unfaithful to her husband by yearning towards another when he is absent from her: or deceives her husband behind his back by yearning towards another; for it is implied, by an ex. given, that اذا غاب عنها is added by way of explanation]. (TA.) خَلَفَهُ also signifies He spoke of him, or mentioned him, [behind his back, or] when he was not present: so in the phrase, خَلَفَهُ بِخَيْرٍ or بِشَرٍّ [He spoke of him behind his back well or ill]. (TA.) And one says, يَخْلُفُ النَّاسَ مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ [meaning He defames men behind their backs]: the action signified hereby is like غِيبَةٌ, and may be [by making signs] with the side of the mouth, and with the eye, and with the head. (TA in art. همز.)
خَلَفَ عَنْ أَصْحَابِهِ, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. ـُ, He remained behind, or after, his companions; did not go forth with them; as alsoقَعَدَ خِلَافَ↓ أَصْحَابِهِ [similar to a phrase mentioned near the beginning of this art.]; (TA;) i. q.تخلّف↓; (Ḳ in explanation of the former phrase;) which is syn. with تَأَخَّرَ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as in the phrase تخلّف عَنِّى [which means He remained behind me, or after me]; (Ṣ;) [for] تخلّف عَنْهُ means بَقِىَ خَلْفَهُ; (Mgh;) and [in like manner] you say, تخلّف عَنِ لاقَوْمِ He remained behind, or after, the people, or party, not going with them; [he held back, or hung back, from them;] andقَعَدْتُ خِلَافَهُ↓ [i. e. I remained] behind him, or after him; (Mṣb;) andخالف↓ عَنَّا He remained behind us, or after us; syn. تخلّف↓. (TA, from a trad.) It is said in the Ḳur [xvii. 78],وَإِذَا لَا يَلْبَثُونَ خِلَافَكَ↓ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا, i. e. [But in that case they should not have remained] after thee [save a little while]: (JK, TA:*) so accord. to one reading [instead of خَلْفَكَ, which means the same]. (TA.) And in like manner,فَرِحَ المُخَلَّفُونَ بِمَقْعَدِهِمْ خِلَافَ↓ رَسُولِ ٱللّٰهِ, in the Ḳur [ix. 82], means [Those who were left behind rejoiced in their remaining] behind the Apostle of God: (Ṣ, TA:) or the meaning here is, مُخَالَفَةَ رسول ٱللّٰه [i. e. in disagreement with the Apostle of God]: (JK, Ṣ:) thus says Lḥ; but IB disagrees with him; saying that خلاف here means بَعْدَ; and cites six exs. in which it has this meaning, from poets. (TA.)
[Hence,] خَلَفَ فُلَانٌ عَنْ كُلِّ خَيْرٍ † [Such a one was, or became, kept back from all good; i. e.,] did not prosper, or was not successful. (TA. [It is there added, that it is explained in the A as tropical, and as meaning تَغَيَّرَ وَفَسَدَ: but this is perhaps a mistake, occasioned by the accidental omission of وَخَلَفَ اللَّبَنُ or the like, of which this is a correct explanation: or the phrase thus explained in the TA, as from the A, may correctly mean He became altered for the worse, and corrupt; agreeably with other explanations of the verb below.])
خَلَفَ, aor. ـُ, also signifies He (a man) retired, withdrew, or went away or apart. (JK.) And خَلَفَتْ نَفْسَهُ عَنِ الطَّعَامِ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. خُلُوفٌ, † His soul turned away from, avoided, or shunned, the food, in consequence of disease. (JK, TA.)
And He fled. (Ḥam p. 411.)
And He (a man, Ṣgh) ascended a mountain. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
See also 2, first sentence.
خَلَفَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) aor. خُلُوفٌ, (Lḥ, Mṣb, TA, and Ḥam p. 679,) [inf. n. خُلُوفٌ,] said of the taste of water, It was, or became, different from, or contrary to, what it was thought to be: and [hence,] it was, or became, altered [for the worse]: (Ḥam ubi suprà:) [and] said of milk, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and of food, (Lḥ, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and the like, (Lḥ, TA,) and some say خَلُفَ, (TA,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. خُلُوفٌ, (Lḥ, TA,) of both verbs, (TA,) it was, or became, altered [for the worse] (Lḥ, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) in taste, or in odour; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoاخلف↓: or, said of milk, the first signifies it became bad from being long kept; or, as in the A, ‡ what was good thereof became mixed (خُلِفَ, i. e. خُلِطَ,) with other milk: andاخلف↓, said of milk, signifies also it was, or became, sour: (TA:) and the first, said of [the beverage called] نَبِيذ, it became bad. (Ḳ.) Also, inf. n. خُلُوفٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and خُلُوفَةٌ (Ḳ) and خِلْفَةٌ, (L, TA,) said of the mouth (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) of a person fasting, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) It was, or became, altered [for the worse] in odour; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoاخلف↓. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) It is said in a trad. that the خُلُوف of the mouth of one who is fasting is sweeter in the estimation of God than the odour of musk: or, accord. to some of the lawyers and of the relaters of traditions, خَلُوف; but [SM says,] I think this to be a mistake, as several affirm it to be, while others say that it is of a bad dial.: accord. to one reading, it is خِلْفَة. (TA.)
[Hence,] خَلَفَ عَنْ خُلُقِ أَبِيهِ, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. خُلُوفٌ, (TA,) † He was, or became, altered [for the worse] from the natural disposition of his father. (Ḳ, TA.)
And خَلَفَ, (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلْفٌ [or خُلُوفٌ]; or خَلْفَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. خَلَافَةٌ and خُلُوفٌ; (TA;) † He (a man) was, or became, bad, or corrupt. (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
And خَلَفَ, (Ḳ) inf. n. خَلَافَةٌ (IAth, Ḳ) and خُلُوفٌ, (Ḳ,) † He (a man) was, or became, stupid, or foolish; or one who had little, or no, intellect or understanding: (Ḳ,* TA:) or unprofitable: or a frequent promise-breaker: (IAth:) or خَلَفَ andاخلف↓, said of a slave, he was, or became, idiotic, deficient in intellect, or bereft of his intellect. (JK.)
خَلَفَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلْفٌ; (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA;) andاخلف↓, andاستخلف↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) He drew water, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) لِأَهْلِهِ for his family: [app. because he who does so leaves his family behind him: see 2, first sentence:] (Ḳ, TA:) [or]استخلف↓, said of a man, signifies اِسْتَعْذَبَ المَآء [app. as meaning he sought, or drew, or brought, sweet water: see art. عذب]: and, accord. to IAạr, you say,أَخْلَفْتُ↓ القَوْمَ, meaning properly I carried sweet water to the people, or party, when they were in the [season, or herbage, called] رَبِيع and without sweet water, or when they were by salt water: إِخْلَافٌ [as meaning the carrying, or drawing, of water,] being [properly] only in the ربيع: in other cases, metaphorically applied. (TA.) El-Hoteíäh says,
*لِزُغْبٍ كَأَوْلَادِ القَطَا رَاثَ خَلْفُهَا↓ ** عَلَى عَاجِزَاتِ النَّهْضِ حُمْرٍ حَوَاصِلُهْ *
† [To, or for, downy ones, like the young ones of the katà, whose procurer of water has been slow in coming to those lacking the power of spreading their wings for flight, red in their crops]: he means مِخْلِفُهَا↓ [or خَالِفُهَا], and has put in the place of this the inf. n.: and by حواصله, accord. to Ks, he means حَوَاصِلُ مَا ذَكْرْنَا [the crops of what we have mentioned]: but Fr says that the ه relates to the زغب, exclusively of the عاجزات, which [latter] has the sign of the pl.; for every pl. that has the form of a sing. may be imagined to be a sing., as in the saying of the poet,
* مِثْلُ الفِرَاخِ نُتِفَتْ حَوَاصِلُهْ *
[meaning “like the young birds of which the crops have been plucked”]; for الفراخ has not the sign of the pl., but has the form of a sing., like الكِتَاب and الحِجَاب: another says, [but this is very far-fetched,] that the ه relates to النهض, which [sometimes] means a place in the shoulderblade of the camel; and that the poet has used it metaphorically as belonging to the قطا. (Ṣ.)
خَلَفَ الثَّوْبَ, (Ṣ,) or القَمِيصَ, aor. ـُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلْفٌ (Kr, TA) and خُلْفَةٌ, in some copies of the Ḳ خَلْفَةٌ, [so in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, and so in the TḲ,] and [in some] خُلَفٌ also, but these require consideration, (TA,) He took out from the garment, or shirt, the part that was worn out, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) that is, the middle part, which was worn out, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and then sewed the [cut] edges together. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) Andاخلف↓ الثَّوْبَ signifies the same as خَلَفَهُ, i. e. He repaired the garment [app. in any manner, or, as is implied in the Ṣ and TA, by substituting one piece for another]. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
The saying, in a trad. of Hamneh, فَإِذَا خَلَفَتْ ذٰلِكَ فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ, meaning † And when she has discriminated that period of days and nights during which she has been حَائِض, [she shall perform a complete ablution of herself,] is from خَلَفَ القَمِيص signifying as explained above. (Mṣb.)
خَلَفَ signifies also He mixed [a thing with another thing; as, for instance, (see خُلِفَ in a passage above,) milk with other milk]: and he mixed saffron, and medicine, with water. (TA.)
خَلَفَ بَيْتَهُ He put to, or made for, his tent, a pole, (Ḳ, TA,) termed a خَالِفَة, (TA,) in the hinder part thereof. (Ḳ TA.)
خَلِفَ, aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلَفٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He (a camel) inclined towards one side. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
خَلَفٌ is also an inf. n. (of خَلِفَ, said of a man, TḲ) signifying The being أَخْلَف as meaning contrarious, hard in disposition, as though going with a leaning towards one side:
and the being left-handed:
and the being أَحْوَل [or squint-eyed]. (Ḳ.)
خَلِفَتْ, aor. ـَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. خَلَفٌ, (Mṣb, TA,) She (a camel) was, or became, pregnant. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
خلّفهُ, (Mṣb,) and خلّفهُ وَرَآءَهُ, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. تَخْلِيفٌ, (TA,) He left him behind him; (Mṣb;) namely, a man: (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA:) andخَلَفَهُ↓ [signifies the same: or] he made him to be behind him; as alsoاخلفهُ↓ [q.v.], andاختلفهُ↓: (TA:) [whence the saying,]أَلْحَحْتُ عَلَى فُلَانٍ فِى الاِتِبَاعِ حَتَّى ٱخْتَلَفْتُهُ↓ i. e. [I pressed upon such a one in following] until I made him to be behind me. (ISk, TA.) You say also, خَلَّفَهُمْ, inf. n. as above, meaning He was, or became, or went, before them; and left them behind him. (TA.) And خلّفوا أَثْقالَهُم, inf. n. as above, They left their loads, or baggage &c., behind their backs; (O, Ḳ;) when they went away to draw water. (TA.)
[Hence,] خلّفهُ He made him, or appointed him, his خَلِيفَة [i. e. successor, or vice-agent, &c.]; (Ḳ;) and soاستخلفهُ↓. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) So in the Ḳur [xxiv. 54], لَيَسْتَخِلَفَنَّهُمْ↓ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ كَمَا ٱسْتَخْلَفَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ [That He will assuredly make them to be successors in the earth, like as He made to be successors those who were before them]. (TA.)
خلّف بِنَاقَتِهِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. as above, (Ṣ,) He bound one of the teats of his she-camel with the thing termed صِرَار [in order that her young one might not suck it]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) from Yaạḳoob. (Ṣ.)
خالفهُ, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. خِلَافٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and مُخَالَفَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) He [or it] disagreed with, or differed from, him [or it]; or he dissented from him; (Mgh, Mṣb;) contr. of وَافَقَهُ; فِى كَذَا [in, or in respect of, such a thing]: (Mgh:) and he, or it, was contrary, opposed, or repugnant, to him, or it: (TA:) [and he acted contrarily, contrariously, adversely, or in opposition, to him, or it; he, or it, contravened, or opposed, him, or it:] and he [or it] contradicted him [or it]. (M in art. نقض.) It is said in a prov., إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ خِلَافَ الضَّبُعِ الرَّاكِبَ, i. e. تُخَالِفُ خِلَافَ الضَّبُعِ [Verily thou art one who acts with the contrariousness of the hyena towards the rider]: for the hyena [attacks a man on foot, but], when it sees the rider, flees from him. (IAạr, TA.) You say also, خَالَفَنِى عَنْ كَذَا He turned away from such a thing [in opposition to me, or] when I betook myself to it: [see also the last sentence but one of the first paragraph of art. بهت:] and خالفنى إِلَى كَذَا He betook himself to such a thing [in opposition to me, or] when I turned away from it: (Mgh:) or خالفهُ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ means he disobeyed him by betaking himself to the thing; or betook himself to the thing after he had forbidden him it. (TA.) And hence, (Mgh,) هُوَ يُخَالِفُ إِلَى ٱمْرَأَةِ فُلَانٍ, (Ṣ, Mgh,*) or إِلَى فُلَانَةَ, (O, L, TA,) in the Ḳ erroneously, هو يخالف فُلَانَةَ, (TA,) He comes to the wife of such a one when he [the latter] is absent from her, (Ṣ,) or to such a woman when her husband is absent from her: (Mgh,* O, L, Ḳ, TA:) and خالفهُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ [he came to his (another's) wife in his (the husband's) absence]: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph. (Az, TA.) And خالفهُ إِلَيْهِمْ He watched to see him, and, when he was absent from them, namely, his family, he went in to them: (Jm, O, TA:) and, accord. to AZ,اخلف↓ فُلَانٌ صَاحِبَهُ Such a one watched to see his companion, and, when he was absent, he came, and went in to him [or rather to his wife or to his family]: (TA:) [or]خالف↓ صَاحِبَهُ he watched to see his companion, and, when he was absent, went in to his wife: (Ḳ, and the like is said in the JK:) thus says IDrd, on the authority of AZ. (TA.) And خالف إِلَى قَوْمٍ He came to a party, or company of men, from behind them [or behind their backs]: or he feigned to them the contrary of that which he conceived in his mind, and took them unawares. (TA.) Aboo-Dhu-eyb says, [describing a collector of wild honey,]
* إِذَا لَسَعَتْهُ النَّحْلُ لَمْ يَرْجُ لَسْعَهَا ** وَخَالَفَهَا فِى بَيْتِ نُوبٍ عَوَاسِلِ *
(Ṣ in the present art., in which only the former hemistich is cited, and in art. رجو,) i. e. [When the bees sting him,] he fears not nor minds [their stinging], (Ṣ in art. رجو) [but comes, during their absence, to the hiving-place of bees occupied in gathering honey:] meaning, he comes to their honey, (Ṣ, TA, [in the latter of which, in the place of النحل, is put الدَّبْرُ “the swarm of bees,”]) and takes it, (TA,) while they are feeding; (Ṣ, TA;) or, as AA says, he comes behind them to the honey while they are absent: AO explains it by خَالَفَهَا إِلَى مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ which [he says] means he keeps with them [to another place]; syn. لَازَمَهَا; [and thus this phrase (which is strangely misinterpreted in the TḲ and in Freytag's Lexicon) is explained in the Ḳ, but without any reference to the verse;] as also حَالَفَهَا, with the unpointed ح: (TA:) and some read the verse thus; but this reading is said to be a mistake. (TA in art. حلف.)
جَآءَ خِلَافَهُ: see 1, near the beginning of the paragraph. And see also five other exs. in the middle portion of the same paragraph.
خالف بَيْنَ رِجْلَيْهِ He put one of his legs forward and the other backward: and [hence,] المُخَالَفَةُ بَيْنَ الرِّجْلَيْنِ [as signifying the alternate shifting of the legs to and fro] is metonymically used as meaning the act of dancing. (Ḥar p. 108.) [And خالف بَيْنَ الشَّيْئَيْنِ He put, or placed, the two things contrariwise; or on contrary sides; or in contrary directions. Hence,] أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ, in the Ḳur v. 37, [Or that their hands and their feet shall be cut off on contrary sides,] means that their right hands and left feet shall be cut off. (Bḍ, Jel. [See also similar exs. in the Ḳur vii. 121 and xx. 74 and xxvi. 49.]) [Hence also,] فَرَسٌ بِهِ شِكَالٌ مِنْ خِلَافٍ, (JK,) or ذُو خَدَمَتَانِ مِنْ خِلَافٍ, (TA,) A horse having a whiteness in his right fore leg and his left hind leg [or the reverse]: (JK, TA:) and some say, لَهُ خَدَمَتَانِ مِنْ خِلَافٍ when he has a whiteness [or rather a ring of white a little above the hoof] in his fore leg [or right fore leg] and another in his left fore leg [probably a mistake of a copyist for his left hind leg]. (TA.)
اخلفهُ: see 2, first sentence. Also He put him, turned him, or made him to go back or stand back, behind him. (Ḳ, TA.) And اخلف يَدَهُ He put his hand behind him. (Az, TA.) And also, (Fr, TA,) or اخلف بِيَدِهِ إِلَى السَّيْفِ, (JK,) or simply اخلف [used elliptically], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He put [back] his hand to his sword, (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) in order to draw it, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) it being hung behind him. (Fr,* TA.) And اخلف السَّيْفَ [He hung the sword behind him; or kept it hung behind him]: said, in a trad., of a man on the day of Bedr. (TA.) And اخلف عَنِ البَعِيرِ [for اخلف عَنْهُ الحَقَبَ] He shifted [backwards] the hind girth of the camel, putting it next to his testicles, on account of its hurting the sheath of his penis, and causing a suppression of his urine; (Aṣ, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as also اخلف البَعِيرَ: (TA:) or you say only, أَخْلِفِ الحَقَبَ, meaning remove thou the hind girth from the sheath of the penis. (Lḥ, TA.) And اخلف الدَّابَّةَ بِالسَّوْطِ He struck the beast on the hinder part with the whip. (JK.)
اخلف البَازِلَ [He (a camel) exceeded in age the بازل, which is generally one that has entered his ninth year: as though he made the بازل to be behind him: and so, app., اخلف alone; البَازِلَ being understood: see مُخْلِفٌ]. El-Jaadee says,
* أَخْلَفَ البَازِلَ عَامًا أَوْ بَزَلْ ** أَيِّدِ الكَاهِلِ جَلْدٍ بَازِلٍ *
[Strong in the withers, hardy, a بازل; that has exceeded in age him who has just become a بازل by a year, or that has himself just become a بازل]. (Ṣ, TA.) Some say that الإِخْلَافُ is [a term denoting] the last of the ages [that have words to signify them] with respect to all beasts. (TA.)
اخلف فُلَانٌ صَاحِبَهُ: see 3, near the middle of the paragraph.
اخلفهُ مَا وَعَدَهُ, (Ṣ,) or مَوْعِدَهُ, (Mgh,) or وَعْدَهُ, (Mṣb,) or الوَعْدَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. إِخْلَافٌ, (Mgh,) He broke, (Mgh,) or failed to perform, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) his promise, or the promise, to him: (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ:) restricted to future time: (Mṣb:) الإِخْلَافُ is, in respect of the future, like الكَذِبُ in respect of the past: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the making a promise and not fulfilling it: (Lḥ, Ḳ:) and some say that it signifies one's seeking an object of want, or water, and not finding it. (TA.) It is said in a trad., إِذَا وَعَدَ أَخْلَفَ, i. e. When he promises, he does not fulfil his promise, and is not true [to it]. (TA.) [Hence,] أَخْلَفَتِ النُّجُومُ, i. e. ‡ [The stars broke their promise; meaning,] were attended with drought, not attended with rain: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) a saying of the people in the Time of Ignorance: (Ṣ, TA:) and soاِخْتَلَفَتْ↓ عَنْ أَنْوَائِهَا: for they used to believe and say that they were rained upon by such and such a نَوْء. (TA. [See نَوْءٌ.]) Hence also, أَخْلَفَتِ الحُمَّى † The fever, being tertian or quartan, came not in its time, or turn. (Mgh.) And أَخْلَفَتْ said of a she-camel, † She, having been covered by the stallion, did not become pregnant: (JK, TA:) and † she proved to be not pregnant when thought to be pregnant. (JK.) And in like manner said of a palm-tree; (JK;) ‡ It bore not one year: and ‡ it (a tree) bore no fruit: or lost the fruit that it had. (L, TA. [The verb, said of trees, has also another meaning, which see below.])
اخلفهُ is also said, by El-Fárábee, to occur as meaning He acted according to his promise [or fulfilled his promise] to him; thus bearing two contr. significations: but this is strange. (MF.)
Also He found him to be a breaker of his promise; (JK;) or he found his promise to be broken, or unfulfilled. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
اخلف عَلَيْكَ and لَكَ, each with an objective complement (خَيْرًا or مَالَكَ) expressed or understood: see 1, in six places, in the former half of the paragraph. You say also, اخلف فُلَانٌ لِنَفْسِهِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or لِغَيْرِهِ, (TA,) Such a one replaced to himself, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or to another, (TA,) a thing that had gone from him, with another thing. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) Ibn-Mukbil says,
* فَأَخْلِفْ وَأَتْلِفْ إِنَّمَا المَالُ عَارَةٌ ** وَكُلْهُ مَعَ الدَّهْرِ الَّذِى هُوَ آكِلُهْ *
[Then replace thou, and consume: wealth is but a loan: and devour it with time, which is a devourer thereof]: he means, gain a substitute for what thou hast consumed. (Ṣ, TA.) And the Arabs say to him who has put on a new garment, أَبْلِ وَأَخْلِفْ وَٱحْمَدِ الكَاسِى [Wear out thy garment, and replace it with another, and praise the Clother, meaning God]. (TA.) And أَبْلِ وَيُخْلِفُ ٱللّٰهُ [Wear out thy garment, and God will replace it with another; or, may God replace &c.]. (Ṣ in art. بلو)
See also اخلف الثَّوْبَ near the end of the first paragraph.
اخلف said of a plant, or of herbage, It put forth the خِلْفَة, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) meaning leaves that come forth after the first leaves, in the [season called] صَيْف; (TA;) and in like manner said of trees: (Mṣb, TA:) or اخلف الشَّجَرُ means the trees put forth fruit after other fruit. (JK.) And, said of fruit, It came forth, some thereof after other thereof. (TA.) And اخلفت الأَرْضُ The land became affected by the cold of the latter part of the [season called] صَيْف, and some of its trees consequently become green. (TA.)
Also, said of a bird, ‡ It put forth feathers after the first feathers: (Ḳ, TA:) from the same verb said of a plant, or of herbage. (TA.)
And, said of a boy, † He nearly attained to puberty. (JK, Az. Ḳ, TA.)
And, said of a solid-hoofed beast, † He completed a year after the قُرُوح [or finishing teething, or shedding the corner-nipper]. (JK.)
اخلفهُ said of medicine, It weakened him (Ḳ, TA) by causing him to go frequently to the privy. (TA.)
And الإِخْلَافُ also signifies The bringing the stallion again to the she-camel when she has not conceived at once. (Ḳ.)
See also 1, in six places, in the latter half of the paragraph.
see 1, in two places, in the middle of the paragraph. [Hence, تخلّفَنِ الأَمْرِ He held back from, or fell short of, doing the thing.]
see the next paragraph, in three places.
اِخْتِلَافٌ signifies The following reciprocally; or alternating. (Mgh.) So in the phrase in the Ḳur [ii. 159 and iii. 187 and xlv. 4], وَٱخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهَارِ And the alternating of the night and the day. (Mgh) [And in a verse of El-ʼAjjáj cited voce أَبْلَى, in art. بلو.] And hence the phrase, اِخْتَلَفَا ضَرْبَةً Each of them beat, or struck the other in turn. (Mgh.) And the saying, in a trad. of ʼAlee, فَٱخْتَلَفَتْ بَيْنَ عُبَيْدَةَ بْنِ الحٰرِثِ وَالوَلِيدِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ ضَرْبَتَانِ [And two blows were interchanged between ʼObeydeh Ibn-El-Hárith and El-Weleed Ibn-'Okbeh]. (Mgh.) And the saying, in a trad. of Umm-Sabeeyeh, اِخْتَلَفَتْ يَدِى وَيدُ رَسُولِ ٱللّٰهِ فِى إِنَآءٍ وَاحِدٍ, meaning My hand and the hand of the Apostle of God were both put [by turns] into one vessel. (Mgh.) And اِخْتَلَفُوا signifies They followed, or succeeded, one another; whenever one went, another coming after him. (TA in art. عور.)
Also The going, or moving, repeatedly, to and fro; so coming and going; or reciprocating; syn. تَرَدُّدٌ [in this sense, as is shown in this art. in the Ḳ and TA, and in the Ṣ and Ḳ in art. رود &c.: and also as mean ing the returning, or repairing, time after time, or repeatedly, or frequently, to a person or place; because it implies coming and going: and sometimes it means simply the returning; because this cannot be without a previous going]. (Ḳ.) You say, هُوَ يَخْتَلِفُ إِلَى فُلَانٍ, i. e. يَتَرَدَّدُ [He returns, or repairs, time after time, repeatedly, or frequently, to such a one]: and اِخْتَلَفَ إِلَيْهِ ٱخْتِلَافَةً وَاحِدَةً [He returned to him once]. (TA.) And هُوَ يَخْتَلِفُ إِلَى مَجَالِسِ العِلْمِ He repairs frequently to, or frequents, the assemblies of science; syn. يَتَرَدَّدُ. (A in art. رد.) And اِخْتَلَفَ إِلَى المُتَوَضَّأِ [He returned, or repaired, time after time, &c., to the privy]. (Ṣ.) And اِخْتَلَفَ إِلَى الخَلآءِ [properly signifies the same: and hence, † He had a looseness of the bowels, or a diarrhœa]. (Ḳ.) And [perhaps as implying coming and going,] اختلف also signifies He supplied, or gave, or offered, water. (TA.)
[Also The disagreeing, differing, or varying, in state or condition or quality &c.; being dissimilar, different, diverse, various, incongruous, discordant, or dissentient:] اختلف is the contr. of اِتَّفَقَ; (Ḳ, TA;) and is said of anything that is dissimilar [in the parts or members &c. of which it is composed]; as alsoتخالف↓. (TA.) You say,تخالف↓ الأَمْرَانِ [and اختلف الامران], i. e. لَمْ يَتَّفِقَا [The two things, or affairs, or cases, were, or became, dissimilar, &c.]. (TA.) And اختلفوا andتخالفوا↓ (Mgh, Mṣb) [They disagreed, &c., فِى أَمْرٍ in a thing or an affair or a case;] every one of them took to, or held, a way, or an opinion, different from, or contrary to, that of another: (Mṣb:) both signify the same. (Mgh.) It is said in a trad., سَوُّوا صُفُوفَكُمْ وَلَا تَخْتَلِفُوا فَتَخْتَلِفَ قُلُوبُكُمْ [Make ye your ranks even when ye place yourselves to pray together, and be not dissimilar in your positions, for in that case your hearts would disagree]; meaning, when one of you advances, or stands, before another in the ranks, your hearts will be affected, and disagreement in respect of friendship and amity will arise among you: or, as some say, it means, your hearts will be made to recoil: or the صُورَة [or specific character] of your hearts will become changed into another صورة. (TA.) [Hence,] اِخْتَلَفَتْ عَنْ أَنْوَائِهَا, said of stars: see 4, near the middle of the paragraph.
Also The being complicated, intricate, or confused. (KL.) [You say, اختلف الأَمْرُ بَيْنَهُمْ The affair, or case, was, or became, complicated, intricate, or confused, so as to be a subject of disagreement, or difference, between them: a phrase of frequent occurrence.]
اختلفهُ: see 1, in two places, in the former half of the paragraph.
See also 2, in two places.
اختلف صَاحِبَهُ: see 3, near the middle of the paragraph.
استخلفهُ: see 2, in two places.
Also He took it (a thing) as a substitute, or in exchange, for another thing; or in the place of another thing; syn. اِسْتَعْوَضَهُ and اِسْتَبْدَلَهُ. (TA.)
استخلفتِ الأَرْضُ The land produced the herbage of the [season called] اِسْتَبْدَلَهُ. (TA.)
See also 1, in the middle of the latter half of the paragraph, in two places.
خَلْفٌ [meaning The location, or quarter, that is behind; and the time past;] (Ḳ; [so in my MṢ. copy, and thus it should be written as a simple noun; but in the CK خَلْفُ;]) or الخَلْفُ; (Lth, Ḳ;) contr. of قُدَّامٌ [or القُدَّامُ]: (Lth, Ḳ:) [and] خَلْفَ [Behind; and after;] contr. of قُدَّامَ: (Ṣ: [thus in my tow copies; and said in the margin of one of them to be thus in the copy of IB, and in that of El-Jawáleeḳee:]) a simple noun: and an adv. n.: of the fem. gender [as meaning the جِهَة; but otherwise it seems to be masc.]. (TA.) You say, جَآءَ خَلْفَهُ [and مِنْ خَلْفِهِ, both meaning He came behind him, and after him]. (Mgh.) And جَلَسْتُ خَلْفَ فُلَانٍ I sat after, or behind, such a one; syn. بَعْدَهُ (Ṣ.) And لَبِثَ خَلْفَهُ He remained after him. (Ḳ.) Some read, in the Ḳur [xvii. 78], وَإِذًا لَايَلْبَثُونَ خَلْفَكَ: others read خِلَافَكَ [which means the same, as mentioned above: see the middle of the first paragraph of this art.]. (TA.)
خَلْفٌ signifies also The back (Ḳ, TA) itself: so says IAạr: and particularly, of a house; the side corresponding to, or over against, that in which is the door; and as a house may have two doors, [in two different sides,] it may be said to have two backs, each of which may be thus termed; and the dual of this word seems to be used as meaning two backs in a trad. [respecting the building of the Kaabeh]. (TA.)
And One who comes after another; (Ṣ, TA;) as alsoخَلَفٌ↓, or, accord. to some, there is a difference between these two, as will be shown in what follows; (Ṣ;) andخَالِفٌ↓ andخَالِفَةٌ↓: it is originally an inf. n.: (TA:) and signifies one who remains after another, whether this other be dead or living: and one remaining after another who is dead; his follower, or successor; the follower, or successor, of one who has gone: used in praise and in dispraise: pl. خُلُوفٌ: and the sing. also signifies [like the pl.] persons remaining after others; accord. to some: (IB, TA:) a remnant of people: (Lḥ, TA:) and a generation after a generation; (Lth, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoخَلَفٌ↓: (Lth, TA:) but Lth says that the former is applied to the evil, and↓ the latter to the good, (Ḳ, TA,) whether meaning a generation or a son: (TA:) the latter means a good son (Ḳ, TA) remaining after his father: (TA:) and the former, a bad son: (Ḳ, TA:) [therefore] one says, هُوَ خَلْفُ سَوْءٍ مِنْ أَبِيهِ [He is a bad son] who has taken the place of his father, andخَلَفُ↓ صِدْقٍ من ابيه [a good son] &c.: (Ṣ:) but sometimes each is used in the place of the other; so that one says, هو خَلْفُ صِدْقٍ من ابيه: (Ḳ:) or both signify the same: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) so says Akh: some, he says, use the former; and some, the latter: but some sayخَلَفُ↓ صِدْقٍ and خَلْفُ سَوْءٍ, meaning thus to distinguish between them: (Ṣ:) accord. to IB,خَلَفٌ↓ correctly signifies a man's successor who is a substitute for him, good and bad: and is originally an inf. n.: (TA:) and the pl. of this is أَخْلَافٌ: (AZ, IB, TA:) accord. to IAth, خَلَفُ صِدْقٍ means a good generation: and خَلْفُ سَوْءٍ, an evil generation: (TA:) and خَلْفٌ likewise signifies progeny [without restriction]. (Ḳ.) One says also, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of a people following people more in number than they, (Ṣ,) هٰؤُلَآءِ خَلْفُ سَوْءٍ [These are a bad generation.] (Ṣ, Ḳ.) And بَقِينَا فِى خَلْفِ سَوْءٍ We remained among an evil remnant. (Lḥ, TA.) And فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ, in the Ḳur [vii. 168 and xix. 60], is explained as meaning And there remained after them a remnant. (TA.)
[Hence,] ‡ One in whom is no good. (IB, Ḳ.) [And app. also Persons in whom is no good..]
And ‡ A thing in which is no good: (IB, TA:) [and particularly] † a bad saying; (ISk, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) a wrong, bad saying, like the خَلْف of mankind. (AʼObeyd, Mṣb.) See also خُلْفٌ. It is said in a prov., سَكَتَ أَلْفًا وَنَطَقَ خَلْفًا † He held his tongue from a thousand words (سَكَتَ عَنْ أَلْفِ كَلِمَة), and then uttered what was wrong. (ISk, Ṣ, Mṣb.) An Arab of the desert, who had been guilty of a breach of manners (حَبَقَ حَبْقَةً), pointed with his thumb towards his اِسْت, and said, إِنَّهَا خَلْفٌ نَطَقَتْ خَلْفًا [which may be rendered, Verily it is a thing in which is no good: it uttered a thing in which was no good: but it obviously admits of being rendered otherwise]. (IAạr, Ṣ.)
Also People who have gone away from the tribe (T, Ḳ) to draw water, and have left their baggage &c. behind them: (T, TA:) and such as are present, [remaining behind,] of the tribe: thus bearing two contr. significations: pl. خُلُوفٌ. (Ḳ.) You say حَىٌّ خُلُوفٌ A tribe who are absent; none of them remaining behind: (Ṣ, TA:) or a tribe of which the men are absent and the women remaining: (TA:) and خُلُوفٌ also signifies the contr., i. e. such as are present, (Ṣ, TA,) remaining behind. (Ṣ.) It is said of Moḥammad, in a trad., لَمْ يَتْرُكْ أَهْلَهُ خُلُوفًا, i. e. He did not leave his family neglected, with no pastor nor protector. (TA.) See also a verse of El-Hoteíäh in the latter part of the first paragraph of this article.
Old and worn out; applied to a وَطْب [or skin for milk, or for clarified butter and milk: as though it were a remnant thereof]. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.)
A مِرْبَد; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) i. e. a place of confinement for camels: (TA:) or such as is behind the tent or house. (JK, Ṣ,* Ḳ.)
A large فَأْس [i. e. hoe or adze or axe]: or such as has one head: and the edge of a فأس: or the head thereof: (Ḳ:) you say فَأْسٌ ذَاتُ خَلْقَيْنِ a two-headed فأس: (Ṣ, TA:) or ذَاتُ خَلْقَيْنِ andذَاتُ خِلْقَيْنِ↓ are names of the فأس (Ḳ, TA) when two-headed: (TA:) and the pl. is ذَوَاتُ الخَلْقَيْنِ: (Ḳ:) pl. خُلُوفٌ. (JK.)
And The head of a razor. (Ḳ.)
And The [pointed] head of a مِنْقَار, [an iron instrument like the فَأْس, (A and Ḳ in art. نقر,) with which mill-stones &c. are pecked, or wrought into shape, (see مِنْقَارٌ,) and] with which wood is cut. (TA.)
خُلْفٌ a subst. from إِخْلَافٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) relating to a promise, and restricted to future time; (Mṣb;) i. e. a subst. used in the place of إِخْلَافٌ; (Lḥ, TA;) meaning The breach, or non-fulfilment, of a promise; as alsoخُلُفٌ↓, which is said to be the original form of the word, andخُلُوفٌ↓: (TA:) it is, in respect of the future, like كَذِبٌ in respect of the past: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) some say that it signifies a false, or wrong, saying; which is a meaning of خَلْفٌ↓, with fet-ḥ, before mentioned: but perhaps these two words may be syn. dial. vars. (MF, TA.)
Also, (Mṣb,) orخُلْفَةٌ↓, andخِلْفَةٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) Disagreement, difference, dissension, contrariety, contrariousness, or opposition, (Mṣb, Ḳ,* TA,) in opinions or the like, (Mṣb,) or in respect of friendship and amity, (TA in explanation of the second of these words,) or in natural disposition; (Ḳ;) as alsoخِلَفْنَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andخِلَفْنَاةٌ↓ andخَالِفٌ↓ andخَالِفَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
It is also pl. of خَلِيفٌ, in its various senses.
خِلْفٌ: see خِلْفَةٌ, in the latter half of the paragraph, in seven places.
Also, applied to a man, (Ṣgh,) i. q. لَجُوجٌ [app. as meaning One who perseveres much in opposition or contention or the like]; (Ṣgh, Ḳ;) as alsoخَالِفَةٌ↓. (TA.)
Also a subst. from إِخْلَافٌ meaning The act of drawing water; and soخِلْفَةٌ↓: (AʼObeyd, Ḳ:*) [whence the saying,] مِنْ أَيْنِ خِلْفَتُكُمْ Whence do ye draw water? (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
The teat (حَلَمَة) of the udder of the she-camel: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and the two fore ones, and the two hinder ones: (Ṣ:) or the part of the udder upon which the milker lays hold: (TA:) or the extremity of the udder of the she-camel: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the hinder of the أَطْبَآء [or teats]: (Ḳ:) or the udder itself; (Lth, TA;) [i. e.] it is, to the she-camel, (Mṣb,* Ḳ,) like the ثَدْى to the human being, (Mṣb,) or like the ضَرْع to the ewe or she-goat: (Ḳ:) or the خِلْف is of the camel and of the cloven-hoofed animal; and the طُبْى, of the solid-hoofed animal and of the animal that has a claw: (Lḥ, TA:) the pl. [properly of pauc.] is أَخْلَافٌ (Mṣb, TA) and [of mult.] خُلُوفٌ. (TA.) One says, دَرَّتْ لَهُ أَخْلَافُ الدُّنْيَا ‡ [The world yielded him abundance of its good things]. (TA.)
The shortest of the ribs of the side; (Ṣ;) [and] so خَلْفٌ↓; (Ḳ;) likewise called ضِلَعٌ الخِلْفِ and الخَلْفِ; it is the furthest and thinnest of the ribs; (TA;) [i. e.] the خِلْف is that next to the belly, of the small ribs; their قُصَيْرَى: (Ḳ: [see القُصْرَى:]) pl. of the former (Ṣ) [and] of the latter (Ḳ) خُلُوفٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
ذَاتُ خِلْفَيْنِ: see خَلْفٌ, near the end of the paragraph.
خَلَفٌ A substitute; a thing given, or received, or put, or done, instead of, in place of, or in exchange for, another thing. (AʼObeyd, Th, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA.) You say, اِجْعَلْ هٰذَا خَلْفًا مِنْ هٰذَا Make thou this to be a substitute for this. (Mṣb.) And هٰذَا خَلَفٌ مِمَّا أُخِذَ لَكَ This is a substitute for what has been taken to thee. (IB.) And فِى هٰؤُلَآءِ القَوْمِ خَلَفٌ مِمَّنْ مَضَى In these people are such as supply the place of those who have gone. (TA.) And فِى فُلَانٍ خَلَفٌ مِنْ فُلَانٍ [In such a one is a substitute for such a one]. (TA.) And هُوَ مِنْ أَبِيهِ خَلَفٌ He is a substitute for his father. (IB.) See also خَلْفٌ, in six places, in the former half of the paragraph.
خَلِفٌ, applied to she-camels, i. q. مَخَاضٌ, i. e. Pregnant: n. un. with ة: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) accord. to some, (TA,) the pl. of خَلِفَةٌ, which signifies a pregnant camel, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) or, as some say, one that has completed a year after bringing forth and has then been covered and has conceived, until she enters upon the term called التَّعْشِير, (TA, [from-the time when her pregnancy has become manifest, (see قَارِحٌ and لَاقِحٌ,)]) is مَخَاضٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) like as the pl. of اِمْرَأَةٌ is نِسَآءٌ; (Mṣb, TA;) and sometimes خَلِفَاتٌ (Mgh, Mṣb, TA) and خِلَافٌ: (TA:) but خَلِفٌ occurs in the saying of the rájiz,
* مَا لَكَ تَرْغِينَ وَلَا تَرْغُوا الخَلِفْ *
[What aileth thee that thou utterest a grumbling cry, when the pregnant camels utter not that cry?]. (IB.)
خُلَفٌ: see خُلْفَةٌ.
خُلُفٌ: see خُلْفٌ.
خَلْفَةٌ: see the next paragraph, in two places.
خُلْفَةٌ: see خُلْفٌ.
Also A vice, a fault, or an imperfection: (Ḳ:) and badness, corruptness, vitiousness, or dishonesty: (TA:) and foolishness, or stupidity; or paucity, or want, of intellect or understanding; as alsoخَلَافَةٌ↓ [properly an inf. n., of خَلُفَ, and before mentioned as such; (see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph;)] and idiocy. (Ḳ.) All of these meanings have been assigned to it in explanations of the saying, أَبِيعُكَ هٰذَا العَبْدَ وَأَبْرَأُ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ خُلْفَتِهِ [I sell to thee this slave, but I am irresponsible to thee for his vice, &c.]: or, accord. to IAạr, the meaning is, خِلَافِهِ [his contrariousness]. (TA.)
Also The last taste of food; (Ḳ;) as in the saying, إِنَّهُ لَطَيِّبُ الخُلْفَةِ [Verily it is good, or sweet, in respect of the last taste]; (TA;) and soخَلْفَةٌ↓: pl. خُلَفٌ: and it (خُلْفَةٌ) signifies also loss of appetite for food, in consequence of disease: (so accord. to the CK:) [or,] accord. to some copies of the Ḳ, خَلْفَةٌ↓ has this latter signification; and soخُلَفٌ↓: accord. to other copies, خُلَفٌ is pl of خَلْفَةٌ in this sense: but both these readings require consideration: what is found in the Lexicons is, خَلَفَتْ نَفْسُهُ عَنِ الطَّعَامِ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. خُلُوفٌ; meaning as explained above, in the latter half of the first paragraph. (TA.)
خِلْفَةٌ a subst. signifying A mode, or manner, of coming after [or behind]; like قِعْدَةٌ signifying “a mode, or manner, of sitting.” (Mṣb.)
It signifies also Difference [of any kind]: (Ḳ,* TA:) or the coming and going of the night and the day; (Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA;) and likewise of wild animals. (Ḳ.) Hence the saying in the Ḳur [xxv. 63], وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ ٱللَّيْلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ خِلْفَةً, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) meaning ذَوَى خِلْفَةٍ, (Bḍ,) i. e. [And He it is who hath made the night and the day] so that each replaces the other: or each follows the other: (Ḳ,* TA:) or so that he who is unable to accomplish a thing in the night may do it in the day, and the reverse. (Fr, L, Ḳ.) Zuheyr says, of wild animals, يَمْشِينَ خِلْفَةً, meaning They go to and fro. (Ṣ, TA. [See Em p. 109.]) And one says, أَخَذَتْهُ خِلْفَةٌ, meaning He was taken with [an affection causing] a frequent going to and from the privy. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [And hence,] خِلْفَةٌ signifies also, A discharging of the bowels; or a purging and vomiting together; (Ḳ;) or a disordered state of the stomach arising from [unwholesome] food; (TA;) a looseness, or diarrhœa. (JK, TA.)
Also The bringing of camels to the watering-place in the evening, after the people have gone away. (L, Ḳ.)
And A man's watching to see another, (أَنْ يُنَاظِرَ in some copies of the Ḳ, and ان يُنَاصِرَ in other copies, being put for ان يُبَاصِرُ, which is the right reading, agreeably with an explanation of اِخْتَلَفَ صَاحِبَهُ, [for which see 3, near the middle of the paragraph,] TA,) and when he is absent from his family, going in to them, (Ḳ, TA,) or [rather], when he is absent from his wife, going in to her. (TA, after the explanation of the phrase above mentioned.)
A thing that is suspended behind the rider; (JK, Ḳ;) such as is suspended behind the [kind of vehicle called] مَحْمِل. (TA.)
Remains of water in a trough or tank. (TA.)
What remains, of food, between the teeth. (Lḥ, Ḳ.)
A plant, or herbage, that comes forth after another plant, or other herbage, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which has become dry, and broken in pieces: (Ṣ, TA:) or that comes forth not from rain, but by reason of the cold of the latter part of the night. (Aboo-Ziyád El-Kilábee, Ḳ. [See also رَبْلٌ.])
What the trees disclose in the beginning of the cold, (Ḳ, TA,) by reason of the [rain called] صَفَرِيَّة [q. v.]: (TA:) or fruit that comes forth after other fruit: (Ḳ:) or fruit that comes forth after abundant fruit; (Ṣ, Mgh, TA;) this being termed the خِلْفَة of trees: (Ṣ, Mgh:) or a growth of leaves after the falling away of other leaves: (Ḳ,* TA: دُونَ in the Ḳ is a mistake for بَعْدَ: TA:) or leaves that come forth after the first leaves, in the [season called] صَيْف. (Nh, TA.)
What grows in the صَيْف [or summer]; so says AʼObeyd: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or, (JK, Mgh, Ḳ,) as alsoخِلْفٌ↓, (Ḳ,) the herbage produced by the صيف, (JK, Ḳ,) or in the صيف, (Mgh,) after the springherbage has dried up. (JK, Mgh.)
A produce of grape-vines after the grapes have turned black; the grapes being gathered while it is fresh and green, it then ripens: and so other fruits: or a new produce, by the vine, of fresh sour grapes. (Ḳ.)
Grain that is sown (JK,* Mgh, Ḳ *) after the former has come to maturity: (Mgh, TA:) because taken as a substitute for wheat and barley: (Ḳ:) pl. خِلَفٌ. (Mgh.)
A piece with which a garment is patched (Ḳ) when it is old and worn out. (TA.)
A time after a time. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
Differing [one from another or others]; as alsoخِلْفٌ↓: (Ḳ:) it is applied in this sense to a people, or company of men: (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ:) and to beasts, or horses or the like, as meaning differing (Ḳ, TA) in their colours and appearances: (TA:) and خِلْفَتَانِ is applied to any two things that are different; (Ks, TA;) as alsoخِلْفَانِ↓: (Ks, Mṣb, TA:) and خِلْفَةٌ, (Ḳ,) or خِلْفَتَانِ, (Ks, TA,) to any two colours that are combined [because different]. (Ks, Ḳ, TA.) AZ cites, as an ex., the saying [of a rájiz],
*دَلْوَاىْ خِلْفَانِ↓ وَسَاقِيَاهُمَا *
[My two buckets are different, and their two suppliers with water]; (Ṣ, TA;) meaning that one of them [i. e. of the buckets] is ascending and full, and the other is descending and empty; or that one of them is new, and the other is old and worn out. (TA, in two places.) And one says of two children, or two male slaves; or two female slaves, that they are خِلْفَتَانِ, (Ks, Ḳ,) andخِلْفَانِ↓, (Ḳ,) applying to the male and the female, (TA,) meaning One tall and the other short: or one white and the other black. (Ks, Ḳ.) One says also, بَنُو فُلَانٍ خِلْفَةٌ, meaning The children of such a one are half males and half females. (Ṣ.) And نِتَاجُ فُلَانٍ خِلْفَةٌ The offspring of the beasts of such a one are one year male and another year female. (JK, TA.) Andوَلَدَتْ خِلْفَيْنِ↓, said of ewe or goat, (Ḳ,) or of a camel, (L,) She brought forth one year a male and another year a female. (L, Ḳ.) The pl. [ofخِلْفٌ↓] (Ḳ, TA) in all its senses (TA) is أَخْلَافٌ and خِلَفَةٌ; (Ḳ,* TA;) the latter, [in the CK خِلْفَةٌ,] like قِرَدَةٌ as pl. of قِرْدٌ. (TA.)
خُلْفُفٌ and خُلْفَفٌ and خُلْفُفَةٌ and خُلْفَفَةٌ: see خَالِفٌ, in the latter half of the paragraph.
أُمُّ خُلْفُفٍ (Ṣgh, Ḳ) and خُلْفَفٌ Calamity, or misfortune: or the greatest calamity or misfortune. (Ḳ.)
خِلَفْنَةٌ and خِلَفْنَاةٌ: see خُلْفٌ:
and see also خَالِفٌ, in the middle of the paragraph.
خِلَافٌ an inf. n. of 3 [q. v. passim]. (Ṣ, &c.)
Also The contrary, or opposite, of a thing; syn. ضِدٌّ. (Mṣb in art. ضد. [Very often used in this sense.]) You say, الاِخْتِلَافُ خِلَافُ الاِتِّفَاقِ [i. e. الاختلاف is the contrary of الاتّفاق] (TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) by the vulgar (O, Mṣb, TA) incorrectly pronounced with teshdeed (O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and fet-ḥ [to the خ, i. e. خَلَّافٌ], (TA,) A well-known kind of tree; (Ṣ;) the [kind of tree called] صَفْصَاف: (Mṣb:) or a species of the صفصاف, but not the صفصاف itself: (Ḳ:) [the salix Aegyptia of Linnæus; called by this name in the present day; and by some, improperly, بَانٌ, q. v.:] it abounds in the land of the Arabs; and is [also] called سَوْجَرٌ [or سَوْحَرٌ]; and there are many varieties thereof; all of them soft and weak; (TA;) but it is seldom, or never, found in the desert: (Mṣb:) they assert that it is thus called because the torrent brings it from one locality to another, so that it grows in a place different from that of its origin; (AḤn, Mṣb, Ḳ,* TA;) but this is not a valid assertion: (TA:) [it is a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with ة. (Mṣb, TA.) سُوِّينَ مِنْ خِلَافِ, in the saying of the rájiz cited voce خُفٌّ, means Made of different trees: it does not mean of the tree called خِلَاف; because this is seldom, or never, found in the desert. (Ṣ, TA.)
Also The sleeve of a shirt. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
خُلُوفٌ: see خُلْفٌ.
It is also, as stated above, pl. of خَلْفٌ: (IB, Ḳ, TA:)
and a pl. of خِلْفٌ. (TA.)
خَلِيفٌ: see خَلِيفَةٌ, in three places.
Also One who holds back from the place, or time, of promise: and one who breaks a promise. (TA.)
And A woman that has let down her hair behind her. (JK, O, Ḳ.)
And A woman that has attained to the period of one day, or two days, after her having brought forth. (IAạr.) [Perhaps from the signification next following.]
A she-camel in the second day after her having brought forth: pl. خُلُفٌ and خُلْفٌ: (Ḳ, TA:) these two pls. are mentioned in the Ḳ in different places in this art., but both are correct, like رُسُلٌ and رُسْلٌ. (TA.) Hence, (TA,) one says, رَكِبَهَا يَوْمَ خَلِيفِهَا [He rode her on the second day after she had brought forth]. (Ḳ.)
And The milk that is after the biestings: (AA, Ḳ:) pl. as above. (Ḳ.) One says also, حَلَبَهَا خَلِيفَ لِبَئِهَا He drew from her the milk that came after the biestings had passed away. (JK.) And اِيتِنَا بِلَبَنِ نَاقَتِكَ يَوْمَ خَلِيفِهَا, i. e. [Bring thou to us the milk of thy she-camel of the day] after the cessation of her biestings; i. e., of the milking that is after her bringing forth by a day or two days. (AA, TA.)
Applied to a garment, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or a shirt, (Mṣb,) Having the middle, wornout part taken out, and the [cut] edges then sewed together: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ *:) andمَخْلُوفٌ↓ signifies the same; (JK;) or a garment composed of two pieces sewed together: or, as some say, this signifies a garment pledged. (TA.)
Also, accord. to AʼObeyd, The part beneath the armpit: and the خَلِيفَانِ of the camel are like the إِبْطَانِ of man: accord. to the Ṣ and the O, خَلِيفَا النَّاقَةِ signifies the two armpits of the she-camel (إِبْطَاهَا): but the author of the Ḳ, following the [first] explanation given by AʼObeyd, says that this is wrong, and that the meaning is the parts beneath the two armpits of the she-camel. (TA.)
And A gap between two mountains, (JK,) or between two mountain-tops, (TA,) of little breadth and length: (JK, TA:) or a road between two mountains: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or a valley between two mountains: (Ḳ:) or a place where water pours forth (Ḳ, TA) between two mountains, or between two valleys, passing thence into a wide tract: (TA:) and any road in a mountain, (Skr, Ḳ,) or behind a mountain, or behind a valley: (TA:) or simply a road; as alsoمَخْلَفَةٌ↓; (JK, Ḳ;) this being either in a plain or in a mountain: (TA:) pl. of the former as above. (Ḳ.) One says ذِيخُ الخَلِيفِ i. e. [The hairy male hyena] of the road between two mountains, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or of the valley between two mountains; (Ḳ) like as one says ذِئْبُ غَضًا. (Ṣ.)
And A sharp arrow: (AḤn, Ḳ:) or, accord. to Skr, the word in this sense is حَلِيفٌ, with the unpointed ح; and this is more probably correct. (TA.)
خَلَافَةٌ: see خُلْفَةٌ.
خِلَافَةٌ inf. n. of خَلَفَهُ as meaning “he was, or became, his خَلِيفَة” [q. v.]. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
[And hence, as a simple subst., The office of خَلِيفَة.]
خَلِيفَةٌ A successor: and a vice-agent, vicegerent, lieutenant, substitute, proxy, or deputy: (KL:) one who has been made, or appointed, to take the place of him who has been before him: (JK:) an act. part. n. of خَلَفَهُ, inf. n. خَلَفٌ and خِلَافَةٌ; as alsoخَلِيفٌ↓: (TA:) or it may have the meaning of an act. part. n. or that of a pass. part. n.: and so in the sense next following: (Mṣb:) the supreme, or greatest, ruler or sovereign, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) who supplies the place of him who has been before him; (TA;) [particularly the successor of the Prophet; whence “Caliph,” commonly used by English writers for “Khaleefeh;”] as alsoخَلِيفٌ↓, (Ḳ,) which is the original form, (Mṣb,) without ة; (Mṣb, TA;) disapproved by some, but mentioned by AḤát and Ibn-ʼAbbád and IB, and occurring in a verse of Ows Ibn-Hajar cited by IB: (TA:) the ة in the former is to denote intensiveness of signification, (Nh, Mṣb, TA,) as in عَلَّامَةٌ and نَسَّابَةٌ: (Mṣb:) or, as some say, لِلنَّقْلِ [i. e. for the transference of the word from the category of epithets to that of substs.]: (TA:) it is also said that the word may be an epithet of which the subst. qualified thereby is suppressed, for نَفْسٌ خَلِيفَةٌ; but this requires consideration: (MF, TA:) it is an epithet applied to a man peculiarly: (Mṣb:) some make it fem.; (Fr, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) saying هٰذَا خَلِيفَةٌ أُخْرَى [This is another Khaleefeh]; though the proper way is to make it masc.: (Mṣb:) a poet says,
* أَبُوكَ خَلِيفَةٌ وَلَدَتْهُ أُخْرَى ** وَأَنْتَ خَلِيفَةٌ ذَاكَ الكَمَالُ *
[Thy father was a Khaleefeh, whom another Khaleefeh begat; and thou art a Khaleefeh: that is perfection]: (Fr, Ṣ:) the pl. is خَلَائِفُ [generally applied to any people that have succeeded others, and supplied their places, as in the Ḳur x. 15], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) like as كَرَائِمُ is pl. of كَرِيمَةٌ; (Ṣ;) and خُلَفَآءُ [generally applied to successors of the Prophet], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) because, as it applies only to the male, and has ة added, the ة is dropped in forming the pl., which is thus like ظُرَفَآءُ as pl. of ظَرِيفٌ: (Ṣ:) thus says ISk, and the like is said in the O: but what AḤát and Ibn-ʼAbbád say requires not this straining: (TA:) [i. e.] خَلَائِفُ is pl. of خَلِيفَةٌ; and خُلَفَآءُ, of خَلِيفٌ↓: (JK:) or some, having regard to the original, make the pl. to be خُلَفَآءُ, like as شُرَفَآءُ is pl. of شَرِيفٌ; (Mṣb;) and this pl. is masc. only, so that you say ثَلَاثَةٌ خُلَفَآءَ: (ISk, Mṣb, TA:) and some, having regard to the word itself [in its altered and used state], make the pl. to be خَلَائِفُ; (Mṣb;) and this pl. may have prefixed to it either a masc. or a fem. n. of number, so that you say ثَلَاثَةٌ خَلَائِفَ and ثَلَاثُ خَلَائِفَ; (ISk, Mṣb, TA;) both of which are chaste. (Mṣb.) You say, كَانَ ٱللّٰهُ خَلِيفَةَ وَالِدِكَ عَلَيْكَ [May God be to thee a supplier of the place of thy father]: (Ṣ, Mṣb:*) and in like manner you say, to a person, of any one whom he has lost by death, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and who cannot be replaced; as the paternal uncle; (Mṣb;) or the mother. (Ḳ.) Some say that the application of the title خَلِيفَةُ ٱللّٰهِ [The Vicegerent of God] is not allowable, except to Adam and David because there is express authority in these instances [in the Ḳur ii. 28 and xxxviii. 25]; but others allow it in other cases, like سُلْطَانُ ٱللّٰهِ and جُنُودُ ٱللّٰهِ and حِزْبُ ٱللّٰهِ and خَيْلُ ٱللّٰهِ; all of which have been heard: (Mṣb:) and Zj says that it is allowable to say of the Imáms that they are خُلَفَآءُ ٱللّٰهِ فِى أَرْضِهِ [The Vicegerents of God in his earth]. (TA.)
خِلِّيفَةٌ: see the middle of the next paragraph.
خَالِفٌ: see خَلْفٌ, in the former half of the paragraph.
Also One who remains behind, or after, another, (Yz, Ḳ, TA,) or others, in the case of a war, or a warring and plundering expedition, and in other cases: (TA:) pl. خَالِفُونَ (Yz, Ḳ, TA) and خَوَالِفُ, which latter is extr. [in this case], but is also said to be a [reg.] pl. ofخَالِفَةٌ↓, and as such to signify persons who do not go forth on a warring, or warring and plundering, expedition: andخَالِفَةُ↓ الغَازِى signifies he who remains behind, or after, him who goes forth on such an expedition, being of his family. (TA.) فَٱقْعُدُوا مَعَ الخَالِفِينَ, in the Ḳur [ix. 84], means Then stay ye with those who remain behind. (Yz, Ḳ.*) خَوَالِفُ is also pl. ofخَالِفَةٌ↓ [as fem. of خَالِفٌ], (TA,) and signifies Women (Ḳ, TA) remaining behind in the houses or tents: but some assign to it the first of the meanings explained above: and some say that it means the children remaining behind. (TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [ix. 88 and 94], رَضُوا بِأَنْ يَكُونُوا مَعَ الخَوَالِفِ↓, i. e. [They chose to be] with the women: (Ṣ, Ḳ:*) thus it is explained by Ibn-ʼArafeh: but some say that the meaning is, with the bad, or corrupt, persons; and that خوالف is here a pl. [of خَالِفٌ,] like فَوَارِسُ. (TA.) For
خَالِفٌ is applied to a man [as meaning Bad, or corrupt]; andخَالِفَةٌ↓ to a woman as meaning bad, or corrupt, and remaining behind in her abode: and the former to a slave as meaning bad, or corrupt: and also contrarious: and in this last sense it is likewise applied to a companion: and some of the grammarians say that there is no word of the measure فَاعِلٌ having its pl. of the measure فَوَاعِلُ, except خَالِفٌ and هَالِكٌ and فَارِسٌ: but see this last: (TA:) andخِلِّيفَةٌ↓, also, has this last signification; (JK, TA;) or [rather] signifies very contrarious; (Ḳ;) as alsoخَالِفَةٌ↓; (JK;) and soخِلَفْنَةٌ↓, andخِلَفْنَاةٌ↓, (Lḥ, JK, Ḳ,) in each of which the ن is augmentative, and each of which is applied to a man and to a woman and to a pl. number; (Lḥ, Ḳ;) but خِلَفْنَيَاتٌ has been mentioned as pl. [of خلفناة], and as applied to males and females: (TA:) and خَالِفُونَ is likewise used in this sense applied to a number of men. (JK.)
Also, applied to a slave, [and app. to any man, but in this latter case I find it written خلف, which I believe to be a mistranscription,] One who has withdrawn from the people of his house: so says Lḥ. (TA.)
Also Stupid; foolish; or having little, or no, intellect or understanding; as alsoخَالِفَةٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) but in an intensive sense, and also applied to a woman; (TA;) andأَخْلَفُ↓, (JK, Ḳ,) of which the fem. is خَلْفَآءُ; (JK, TA;) andخُلْفُفٌ↓, (Ḳ,) orخُلْفَفٌ↓, (L,) or both, (JK,) likewise applied to a woman, as alsoخُلْفُفَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) orخُلْفَفَةٌ↓: (JK:) or, as some say, خَالِفٌ signifies one in whom is no good: and, as alsoخَالِفَةٌ↓, one who has not what suffices: or who often breaks his promises: (TA:) or both of these mean one who has not what suffices, and in whom is no good: or very contrarious. (JM.) One says that a man isخَالِفَةُ↓ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ and خَالِفُ اهل بيته, meaning The one in whom is no good, of the people of his house: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and the ungenerous: (Ḳ:) or the stupid, or foolish: or the bad, or corrupt, and the evil: and it is [said to be] tropical. (TA.) Andقَوْمٌ خَوَالِفٌ↓ Persons in whom is no good. (JK.)
And, [app. because he leaves his family behind him,] A drawer of water; (Ṣ, TA;) as alsoمُسْتَخْلِفٌ↓ [q. v.]: both mentioned in the Ḳ; but السَّقَّآءُ is there erroneously put for المُسْتَقِى. (TA.)
And Weak, without appetite for food. (TA.)
And Flesh-meat from which a slight smell is perceived, but in the chewing of which is no harm. (Lth, TA.)
خَالِفَةٌ: see خَلْفٌ, in the former half of the paragraph. Also, particularly, [or perhaps أُمَّةٌ خَالِفَةٌ only in this sense,] A nation, people, or race, remaining after another that has gone before. (I'Abbád, Ḳ.) And One who comes to the water after him who has returned [from it]: whence Aboo-Bekr applied this appellation to himself, from a motive of humility, when asked if he were the Khaleefeh of the Apostle of God. (IAth, TA.) See also خَالِفٌ, in eight places: and see its pl., خَوَالِفُ, in the same paragraph, in two places.
Also, applied to a man, [like خِلِّيفَةٌ as explained in the Ḳ,] Very contrarious, or adverse, and inimical. (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA.) See also خِلْفٌ.
مَا أَدْرِى أَىُّ خَالِفَةَ هُوَ, the word خالفة being here imperfectly decl., (Ṣ, Ḳ,) because of the fem. gender and determinate, being explained by النَّاسِ, (Ṣ,) or because determinate and occupying the place of a pl., like as one says أَىُّ تَمِيمَ and أَىُّ أَسَدَ, [or rather, I think, because used as a proper name, as MF, says, (though SM disputes this,) and with the sign of the fem. gender,] means I know not what one of mankind he is; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as also أَىُّ خَالِفَةٍ, perfectly decl.; and أَىُّ الخَالِفَةِ; and أَىُّ الخَوَالِفِ; (Ḳ;) and so أَىُّ خَافِيَةَ; (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK اىّ خَالِفَةٍ again,]) imperfectly decl. (TA.) Lḥ says that الخَالِفَةُ, writing it thus with ال, signifies النَّاسُ. (TA.)
Also One of the poles of a [tent of the kind called] خِبَآء: or one of the poles of a بَيْت [or tent] in the hinder part thereof: (Ḳ:) Lḥ says that the خَالِفَة is the hinder part, or in the hinder part, (اَخر, [i. e. آخِرُ or آخِرَ, app. the latter,]) of a بَيْت; and one says بَيْتٌ ذُو خَالِفَتَيْنِ [app. meaning a tent having two poles in its hinder part]: (TA:) the pl. is خَوَالِفُ: (Ṣ, TA:) which is hence applied to the angles, or corners, of a بَيْت: AZ says that the خَالِفَة of a بيت is [app. the shirt thereof,] beneath the [ropes called] أَطْنَاب, in the [part called] كِسْر [q. v.]; and it is also called the خياصة, and the فرجة: [thus I find these two words written, without any syll. signs:] and he cites, as an ex.,
* مَا خِفْتُ حَتَّى هَتَكُوا الخَوَالِفَ *
[app. meaning And I feared not until they rent open the skirts of the tent, or tents]: (TA:) or, as some say, the خَالِفَتَانِ are the two sides of a tent, and its رِوَاق is its fore part, and its كِفَآء is its hinder part. (TA in art. روق.)
خَوَالِفُ, (Yz, Ḳ,) or خَوَالِفُ مِنَ الأَرْضِ, (TA,) Lands that produce not plants, or herbage, save among the last of lands. (Yz, Ḳ,* TA.)
أَخْلَفُ: see خَالِفٌ, in the latter half of the paragraph.
Also Contrarious, hard in disposition, as though going with a leaning towards one side: (Ḳ:) and [simply] leaning towards one side; applied to a camel: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) so says AʼObeyd; (Ṣ, TA;) and so Aṣ. (TA.)
Also A camel that has the sheath of his penis slit, and that will not remain stationary, by reason of pain: (TA:) andمَخْلُوفٌ↓ signifies a camel having the sheath of his penis slit in the hinder part, (JK, TA,) when suffering suppression of his urine in consequence of the pressure of his hind girth upon his sheath: so says El-Fezáree. (TA.)
And Left-handed. (JK, Ḳ.)
And Squinteyed; syn. أَحْوَلُ. (Ḳ.)
Accord. to some, (TA,) A torrent: (Ḳ, TA:) or, as some say, a river. (Skr, TA.)
And A male serpent. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.) [All these meanings seem to have been assigned to the word as occurring in a verse of Aboo-Kebeer El-Hudhalee, in which he likens the course of a wolf in a narrow road to the course of the أَخْلَف.]
[Also More, and most, wont to break promises. Hence the prov., mentioned by Meyd, أَخْلَفُ مِنْ عُرْقُوبٍ More wont to break promises than 'Orkoob: a certain man who rendered himself notorious for breaking his promises. See Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 454.]
[And More, and most, disagreeing, differing, dissentient, contrary, contrarious, or opposing. See an ex. in a prov. cited voce ثِيلٌ.]
[And app. More, and most, offensive in the odour of the mouth. See Freytag's Arab. Prov. ubi suprà.]
تَخَالِيفُ Different colours. (TA.)
مَخْلَفٌ: see مَخْلَفَةٌ.
مُخْلِفٌ A camel that has exceeded in age the بَازِل; [which latter is generally one that has entered the ninth year;] (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) beyond which there is no age [having an epithet to denote it]; therefore, (TA,) one says مُخْلِفُ عَامٍ and مُخْلِفُ عَامَيْنِ [that has exceeded in age the بازل by a year and by two years]; (Ṣ, TA; [see 4;]) applied alike to the male and the female; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and the female is also termed مُخْلَفَةٌ: (Ḳ:) or this latter signifies ‡ a she-camel that appears, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or is thought, (A,) to be pregnant, and is not pregnant: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) and the pl. is مَخَالِيفُ. (TA.)
Also A man whose cattle have not obtained the [herbage termed] رَبِيع. (JK.)
رَجُلٌ مُخْلِفٌ مُتْلِفٌ, orمِخْلَفٌ↓ مِتْلَفٌ, andمِخْلَافٌ↓ مِتْلَافٌ: see art. تلف.
نَوْمَةُ الضُّحَى مُخْلِفَةٌ لِلْفَمِ, (Ḳ, TA,) also written مَخْلَفَةٌ↓, and in some copies نَوْمُ الضُّحَى, [which requires the reading مَخْلَفَةٌ,] (TA,) i. e. [The sleep, or sleeping, in the period of the morning when the sun is yet low is] a cause of the mouth's becoming altered [for the worse] in odour. (Ḳ, TA.)
مُخْلِفُ جَنْبٍ Having one half of his face and of his mouth turning sideways. (JK.)
See also the explanation of the verse of El-Hoteiäh cited in the last quarter of the first paragraph. The قَطَا are termed مُخْلِفَاتٌ because they draw water for their young ones. (JK.)
مِخْلَفٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مَخْلَفَةٌ: see مُخْلِفٌ.
See also خَلِيفٌ, near the end of the paragraph. المَخْلَفُ↓ [as a coll. gen. n.] signifies The roads along which the people pass in Minè; (Ḳ) which are three: one says, اُطْلَبْهُ بِالمَخْلَفَةِ الوُسْطَى مِنْ مِنًى [Seek thou him in the middle road of Minè]. (TA.) And مَخْلَفَةٌ بَنِى فُلَانٍ The place of alighting, or descending and stopping or sojourning or abiding or lodging or settling, of the sons of such a one. (Ḳ,* TA.) And مَخْلَفَةُ مِنًى The place of alighting, or descending and stopping &c., of the people in Minè. (Ḳ.)
A place in which are trees of the kind called خِلَاف. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
مَخْلَفَانُ البَلَدِ The ruler, or sovereign, (سُلْطَان,) of the country; as alsoمِخْلَافُهُ↓. (TA.)
مِخْلَافٌ A man who often breaks his promises; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoمُخْلِفٌ↓: (TA:) [whence the latter (which properly signifies simply breaking a promise) is applied to a star, or an asterism, as meaning ‡ Unattended with rain: (see 4:) and in the same sense to clouds (سَحَاب): or, accord. to Freytag's Lex., in this or in the contr. sense.]
Also A كُورَة [i. e. province, district, or region] (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) pertaining to the people of El-Yemen, (Ṣ,) or in the dial. of El-Yemen; (Mgh, Mṣb;) pl. مَخَالِيفُ; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) every مخلاف thereof having a [distinctive] name whereby it is known; (Ṣ;) the مخاليف of the people of El-Yemen being like the أَجْنَد of the people of Syria and the كُوَر of the people of El-'Irák and the رَسَاتِيق of the people of El-Jibál and the طَسَاسِيج of the people of El-Ahwáz: (IB:) or مِخْلَافٌ signifies a كُورَة (JK, M, Ḳ) to which a man comes; (M;) [in any country;] and hence the مخاليف of El-Yemen, (Ḳ,) i. e. its كُوَر: (TA:) some say that there is a مخلاف in every country; (Mṣb;) so says Khálid Ibn-Jembeh; (TA;) i. e. a نَاحِيَة [as meaning a district &c.]; (Mṣb;) and thus one says the مخلاف of El-Medeeneh, and of El-Yemámeh, (Khálid Ibn-Jembeh, TA,) and the مخاليف of Et-Táïf: (AA, Mṣb, TA:) but properly it is peculiar to the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.)
Also i. q. بنكرد [a foreign word, and perhaps mistranscribed], i. e. The poor-rate of any particular people or party, which is given by them to [the poor of] their own community: so says Aboo-Mo'ádh: (L:) andمَخَالِفُ↓ [is its pl., as also, app., مَخَالِيفُ, agreeably with rule, and] signifies the poor-rates of the Arabs; (JK, TA;) [as in the saying,] اُسْتُعْمِلَ فُلَانٌ عَلَى مَخَالِفِ بَنِى فُلَانٍ [Such a one was employed as collector of the poor-rates of the sons of such a one]. (JK.)
مَخْلُوفٌ: see خَلِيفٌ:
Also A man affected with a looseness, or diarrhœa. (JK, TA.)
مَخَالِفُ: see مِخْلَافٌ, last sentence.
مَخَالِيفُ: pl. of مِخْلَافٌ. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.)
Also Camels that have pastured upon fresh herbs, or leguminous plants, and have not fed upon dry herbage, and to which their pasturing upon the former has been of no avail. (IAạr, TA.)
قَوْلٌ مُخْتَلِفٌ [Discordant speech;] speech expressing different opinions. (Bḍ and Jel in li. 8.)
[طُرُقٌ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ Roads leading in different directions.]
مُسْتَخْلِفٌ: see خَالِفٌ, near the end of the paragraph.
ذَهَبَ المُسْتَخْلِفُونَ يَسْتَقُونَ a saying mentioned by Lḥ as meaning Those going before [or leaving others in their places] went away to draw water. (TA.)