جنو جنى جهد


1. (جنى)

جَنَى الثَّمَرَةَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. جَنًى, (Ṣ, TA,) or جَنْىٌ, (so accord. to one copy of the Ṣ, and written in the accus. case جنيا in the Ḥam p. 355,) and جِنَايَةٌ, (Ḥam ib., but there without any vowel-signs,) He gathered, plucked, or took from the tree, the fruit; (Mgh, TA;) i. q.اجتناها↓ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) andتجنّاها↓: (Ḳ:) and in like manner one says of a thing similar to fruit. (TA.) One says also, جَنَاهَا لَهُ and جَنَاهُ إِيَّاهَا [He gathered it, plucked it, or took it from the tree, for him]. (AʼObeyd, Ḳ.) And جَنَيْتُكَ أَكْمُؤًا [I gathered for thee truffles]. (TA.) And جَنَى ذَهَبًا He collected gold from its mine. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

Aboo-Dhu-eyb uses this verb metaphorically, in the phrase جَنَى العُلَى, meaning ‡ [He acquired] eminence, or nobility. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

You also say, جَنَى عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ,) or عَلَى قَوْمِهِ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. جِنَايَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,)He committed, [against him, or] against his people, or party, a crime, or an offence for which he should be punished; (Mṣb;) as alsoجاناهُ↓ [or جانى قَوْمِهِ]: (TḲ in art. جر:) [and ‡ he brought an injury upon him, or them:] and جَنَى الذَّنْبِ عَلَيْهِ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. جِنَايَةٌ, (Ḳ,) with kesr, (TA,)He committed the crime, offence, or injurious action, against him; syn. جَرَّهُ إِلَيْهِ: (Ḳ: [see art. جر:]) thus used, also, the verb is metaphorical, from جَنَى الثَّمَرَةَ: (Er-Rághib, TA:) and so in the phrase, جَنَى شَرًّا, meaning ‡ He brought to pass an evil thing or action. (Mgh.) [See also جِنَايَةٌ, below.] It is said in a trad., لَا يَجْنِى جَانٍ إِلَّا عَلَى نَفْسِهِ[An injurer shall not bring injury save on himself]; meaning that one shall not be prosecuted for an injurious action committed by another, of his relations or of others. (TA.) And a poet says,

* جَانِيكَ مَنْ يَجْنِى عَلَيْكَ وَقَدْ *
* تُعْدِي الصِّجَاحَ فَتَجْرَبُ الجُرْبُ *

[which may be rendered, † Thine injurer whom thou shouldst punish is he who brings an injury upon thee: but sometimes the mangy camels infect the sound ones so that these become mangy; and thus a criminal sometimes brings punishment upon his relations: for] AʼObeyd says that جانيك من يجنى عليك is a prov. applied to the case of a man who is punished for an injurious action; because brothers [sometimes] bring injury upon a man [by occasioning his being punished for an injurious action which they have themselves committed], as the latter hemistich of the verse cited above indicates: but AHeyth says that this prov. means الجَانِى لَكَ الخَيْرَ مَنْ يَجْنِى عَلَيْكَ الشَّرَّ [The person bringing thee good is he who brings, or will bring, upon thee evil: perhaps intended as a caution; for the Arabs often suspect that a benefactor has some evil intention]: and he cites the following hemistich:

* تُعْدِي الصِّحَاحَ مَبَارِكُ الجُرْبِ *

[meaning Sometimes the places where the mangy camels lie down, and which afford benefit to other camels, infect the sound ones]. (TA. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 298.]) You say also, جَنَيْتَ هٰذَا عَلَى نَفْسِكَ [Thou hast brought this as an injury upon thyself]. (Ḳ in art. جل.)


3. (جانى)

جانى عَلَيْهِ, inf. n. مُجَانَاةٌ, He accused him of a جِنَايَة [or crime, &c.]. (TA.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A2)

4. (اجنى)

اجنى said of a tree, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or of a palmtree, (Mṣb,) It had ripe fruit: (Ṣ:) or it attained to the time for the gathering of its fruit: (Mṣb:) or it attained to maturity: (Ḳ:) or, said of a tree, it had fruit to be gathered and eaten: and, said of fruit, it became ripe: (TA:) and, said of grass, or herbage, it became abundant. (KL.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A2)

And اجنتِ الأَرْضُ The land had much جَنًى, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) i. e. herbage, and truffles, and the like. (Ṣ.)


5. (تجنّى)

verb form: 5.(signification - A2)

تجنّى عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,) or تجنّى عليه ذَنْبًا, (TA,)He accused him of a crime, an offence, or an injurious action, that he had not committed; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) i. e. he forged against him the charge of his having committed a crime, &c., he being guiltless [thereof]: (TA:) النَّجَنِّى being like التَّجَرُّمُ. (Ṣ.) You say also, يَتَجَنَّى عَلَيْنَا مَا لَمْ نَجْنِهِ [He accuses us of committing what we did not commit]. (Abu-l-ʼAbbás, TA in art. جرم.)


8. (اجتنى)

verb form: 8.(signification - A2)

اِجْتَنَيْنَا مَآءِ مَطَرٍ We came to rainwater, and drank it: (Ḳ:) a phrase mentioned with approval by IAạr, but not explained by him: thought by ISd to have this meaning. (TA.)


جَنًى

جَنًى [in the CK جَنِىٌّ] Whatever is gathered, or plucked; as alsoجَنَاةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or whatever is gathered, or plucked, from trees, (Ṣ,) &c.; (so in a copy of the Ṣ;) as alsoجَنَاةٌ↓: (Ṣ:) so that these two words are of the same class as حِقٌّ and حِقَّةٌ: or the latter of them is a n. un.: (TA:) or the former signfies what is gathered from trees while fresh; (Mṣb;) as alsoجَنِىٌّ↓: (Mṣb:) or this last is an epithet applied to fruit, signifying just gathered or plucked; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or gathered, or plucked, while fresh: (TA:) andمَجْنًى↓, also, pl. مَجَانٍ, signifies fruit gathered or plucked: (Ḥar p. 369:) جَنًى also signifies fruit [ready to be gathered or plucked]; so in the Ḳur lv. 54: (Jel:) and is applied to fresh ripe dates: (Fr, Ḳ:) and grapes: (TA:) and truffles, and the like: (Ṣ:) and even cotton: (TA:) and herbage: (Ṣ:) and gold, (Ḳ,) which is collected from its mine: (TA:) and cowries, (Ḳ,) as though gathered from the sea: (TA:) and honey, (Ḳ,) when it is gathered: (TA:) pl. أَجْنَآءٌ (Ḳ) and أَجْنٍ, originally أَجْنُىٌ. (TA.) Hence the saying,

* هٰذَا جَنَاى وَخِيَارُهُ فِيهِ *
* إِذْكُلُّ جَانٍ يَدُهُ إِلَى فِيهِ *

[This is what I have gathered, and the best of it is in it; when every gatherer but myself has his hand to his mouth]: or, accord. to one reading, وَهِجَانُهُ فِيهِ (which has the same meaning, TA in art. هجن): a prov., ascribed by Ibn-El-Kelbee to ʼAmr Ibn-'Adee El-Lakhmee, the son of the daughter of Jedheemeh: he says that Jedheemeh had ordered the people to gather for him truffles, and some of them ate the best that they found; but ʼAmr brought to him the best that he found, and addressed to him these words: and ʼAlee is related to have repeated them on an occasion of his entering the government-treasury; meaning that he had not defiled himself with anything of the tribute belonging to the Muslims, but had put it in its places. (TA.)


جَنَاةٌ

جَنَاةٌ: see جَنًى, in two places.


جَنِىٌّ

جَنِىٌّ: see جَنًى. Also Dates cut from the tree. (TA.)


جِنَايَةٌ

جِنَايَةٌ, primarily, The act of gathering, plucking, or taking from a tree, fruit: [see 1:]

word: جِنَايَةٌ(signification - A2)

then, † The bringing to pass an evil thing, or action: (Mgh, Kull p. 147:)

word: جِنَايَةٌ(signification - A3)

then, † Evil, [itself]:

word: جِنَايَةٌ(signification - A4)

then, † The doing a forbidden action: (Kull ib.:) specially used in this last sense; though it has a general application: (Mgh:)

word: جِنَايَةٌ(signification - A5)

[as a simple subst., it generally signifies] A crime, an offence, or an injurious action, for which one should be punished: (Mṣb:) or an action that a man commits requiring punishment or retaliation to be inflicted upon him in the present world and in the world to come: (TA:) or any forbidden injurious action: (Kull p. 134:) and in the language of the lawyers, especially a wounding: and an amputation, or a maiming: (Mṣb:) andجَنِيَّةٌ↓ signifies the same as جِنَايَةٌ: (Ḥam p. 241:) the pl. of جناية is جِنَايَاتٌ and جَنَايَا; but the latter of these pls. is of rare occurrence. (Mṣb.)


جَنِيَّةٌ

جَنِيَّةٌ: see what next precedes.

word: جَنِيَّةٌ(dissociation - B1)

Also A [garment such as is called] رِدَآء (Ḳ, TA,) of a round form, (TA,) made of [the kind of cloth termed] خَزّ. (Ḳ, TA.)


جَانٍ

جَانٍ A gatherer of fruit [&c.]:

word: جَانٍ(signification - A2)

and also † A committer of a جِنَايَة [or crime, &c.]: (Ḳ,* TA:) pl. جُنَاةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and جُنَّآءٌ (Sb, Ḳ) and [of pauc.] أَجْنَآءٌ, which last is extr., (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or doubtful. (Ṣ.) Hence the prov., أَجْنَاؤُهَا أَبْنَاؤُهَا, explained in art. بنى. (Ṣ, TA.)

word: جَانٍ(signification - A3)

[Hence also,] الجَانِىThe wolf. (IAạr, TA voce جَابٍ, q. v.)

word: جَانٍ(dissociation - B1)

Also i. q. لَقَّاحٌ; (IAạr, Az, TA;) i. e. A fecundater of palm-trees. (Az, TA.)


الجَوَانِى

الجَوَانِى i. q. الجَوَانِبُ [pl. of الجَانِبُ]; (Ḳ;) similar to الثَّعَالِى and الأَرَانِى. (TA.)


مَجْنًى

مَجْنًى: see جَنًى.


مُجْتَنًى

مُجْتَنًى A place of gathering, or plucking, fruits, &c. (TA.)