بنو بنى بهأ
بَنَاهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor. ـِ, (M, Mṣb,) and ـُ, but the former is the more common, (M,) [or rather the only form commonly known,] inf. n. بِنَآءٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ) and بِنًا (T, and TA as from the M [but it is not in the transcript of the M in the TT]) and بَنْىٌ and بُنْيَانٌ and بِنْيَةٌ and بنَايَةٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He built it; framed it; constructed it; contr. of هَدَمَهُ; (M, Ḳ;) namely, a house, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) or tent, (Ṣ,* Mṣb,) &c.; (Mṣb;) as alsoابتناه↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andبنّاهُ↓; (M, Ḳ;) or the last has teshdeed given to it to denote muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action, or its application to many objects; and hence you say, بنّى قُصُورًا [He built palaces, or pavilions: or he raised them high: see the pass. part. n. below]. (Ṣ, TA.) AḤn speaks of a kind of plank as being used فِى بِنَآءِ السُّفُنِ [in the construction of ships]: but بِنَآءٌ is originally used only in relation to that which does not grow; as stone, and clay, and the like. (M.) You say also, بَنَى أَرْضًا, for بَنَى فِى أَرْضٍ [He built in, or upon, land]. (Mgh.)
[Hence,] بَنَى عَلَى أَهْلِهِ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or عَلَى ٱمْرَأَتِهِ, (Mgh,) and بَنَى بِهَا also, (M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) accord. to IDrd (Mgh, Mṣb) and IJ, (M,) and occurring in traditions and elsewhere, though said in the Ṣ to be vulgar, (IAth, MF,) and said to be so by ISk, (T, Mṣb,) and by some said to be not allowable, (M,) but the former is the more chaste, (Mṣb,) inf. n. بِنَآءٌ; (Ṣ, TA;) as alsoابتنى↓, (Ḳ,) i. e. ابتنى عليها, (ISk, Mṣb,) or ابتنى بِهَا, (IJ, M,) He had his wife conducted to him on the occasion of the marriage: (ISk, T, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he went in to his wife [for the first time]: (Mgh, Mṣb:) originating from the fact that the bridegroom used, on that occasion, to pitch a tent for her, (ISk, T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) a new tent, (Mgh, Mṣb,) and furnish it with what was requisite, (Mṣb,) or a new tent was set up for him, (Mgh, Mṣb,) in honour of him. (Mṣb.) [See also بَيْتٌ.]
بِنَايَةٌ is sometimes used in relation to nobility: (M, Ḳ:) and the verb thus used is بَنَى, as above, (T, M,) having [also] بِنًى for its inf. n., (IAạr, T,) and بِنَآءٌ; held by many to be tropical, but by some to be proper. (MF.) Lebeed says,
* فَبَنَى لَنَا رَفِيعًا سَمْكُهُ ** فَسَمَا إِلَيْهِ كَهْلُهَا وَغُلَامُهَا *
(M) And He (namely, God,) hath built for us a house of nobility of lofty pitch, and its (the tribe's) middle-aged and its youth have risen to it: i. e., all of them have attained to high degrees. (EM, p. 180.)
بَنَى بَدَنَهُ It (food) fattened his body, (Ḳ,) and made it large: (TA:) and بَنَى لَحْمَهُ, (T, M, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (TA,) inf. n. بِنَآءٌ, (M,) or بَنْىٌ, (TA,) It (food) made his flesh to grow, (T, M, Ḳ,) and to become large. (T, TA.)
بَنَى الرَّجُلَ He reared, brought up, or educated, the man; (M, Ḳ;) as alsoابتناهُ↓. (M.)
[بَنَى كَلِمَةً, inf. n. بِنَآءٌ, He formed a word.]
[And He made a word indeclinable, so as to end invariably with a quiescent letter or with a particular vowel.] بِنَآءُ كَلِمَةٍ [when the former word is considered as the inf. n. of the pass. form بُنِىَ, generally] signifies A word's keeping always the same mode of termination, ending with a quiescent letter or with a particular vowel, not by reason of any governing word: (M, Ḳ:) as though the word resembled a fixed, immoveable building. (M.) [You say, بُنِيَتْ عَلَى السُّكُونِ It was made indeclinable, with a quiescent letter for its termination; and عَلَى الفَتْحِ with fet-ḥ for its termination; &c.]
[And in like manner you say, بَنَى القَصِيدَةَ عَلَى البَآءِ, &c., He made the قصيدة to have ب, &c., for its rhyme-letter, or its chief rhyme-letter.]
بَنَتِ القَوْسُ عَلَى وَتَرِهَا The bow clave to its string (T, Ṣ, Ḳ) so that it (the latter) almost broke. (T, Ṣ.) [See the part. n. below.]
see 1, first sentence.
ابناهُ He made him to build, frame, or construct, a house, or tent: (Ṣ:) or he gave him a building: or he gave him that wherewith to build a house: (M, Ḳ:) and ابناهُ بَيْتًا he gave him a house, or tent, to build or frame or construct. (T.) It is said in a prov., المِعْزَي تُبْهِى وَلَا تُبْنِى [Goats rend, or make holes, and render vacant, and do not afford materials for fabricating tents]; i. e., they do not yield hair of which a tent is fabricated; (T, Ṣ;*) for the tents of the Arabs [of the desert] are of the kind called طِرَاف, made of skin, and أَخْبِيَة, made of wool or of camels' fur, and not of شَعَر [by which is especially meant goats' hair], (Ṣ,) or, as is found in the handwriting of Aboo-Sahl, of wool or of skin: (TA:) or the meaning is, goats rend tents, or pierce them with holes, by their leaping upon them, (T and Ṣ in art. بهو,) so that they cannot be inhabited, (Ṣ in that art.,) and do not aid in the fabrication of tents; for the goats of the Arabs of the desert have short hair, not long enough to be spun; whereas the goats of the cold countries, and of the people of the fertile regions, have abundant hair, and of this the Akrád [or Kurdees] fabricate their tents. (T.)
[Hence,] He introduced him to his wife [on the occasion of his marriage]: whence the saying of ʼAlee, مَتَى تُبْنيِنِى, accord. to IAth properly meaning مَتَى تَجْعَلُنِى أَبْنِى بِزَوْجَتِى [When wilt thou make me to have my wife conducted to me? or, to go in to my wife?]. (TA.)
تَبَنَّتْ, said of a woman sitting, (T, TA,) She became like a tent (T, IAth, Ḳ,* TA) of the kind called مِبْنَاةٌ, (T, TA,) i. e., a قُبَّة of skin; by reason of her fatness, (T, IAth, TA,) and largeness, (T, TA,) or fleshiness: (IAth, TA:) or she parted her legs; as though from مِبْنَاة, i. e. a قُبَّة of skin, which, when pitched, is spread out by the ropes: so this woman, sitting cross-legged, spread apart her legs. (T, TA.) And تبنّى, said of a camel's hump, It became fat. (M.)
تبنّاهُ He adopted him as a son: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he asserted him to be, or claimed him as, a son: (M:) and تبنّى بِهِ signifies the same. (Zj, TA.)
ابتنى: see 1, in three places.
Also It became built, framed, or constructed. (Mṣb.)
بِنْتٌ; pl. بَنَاتٌ: fem. of اِبْنٌ, which see, in three places.
بُنًى: see بِنَآءٌ.
بِنًى: see بِنَآءٌ.
بَنَاةُ اللَّحْمِ, (IB, TA,) the former of which words is incorrectly written in the Ḳ بنات, (TA,) A girl whose flesh has been made to grow and become large: (IB, Ḳ, TA: [in the CK, مَبْنِيَّةٌ is erroneously put for مَبْنِيَّتُهُ:]) or, accord. to a learned scholiast, this is a mistake of IB, and the meaning is sweet in odour; i. e. sweet in the odour of the flesh. (TA.)
بَنَاتٌ: pl. of بِنْتٌ; and sometimes of اِبْنٌ: see اِبْنٌ.
بَنُونَ: pl. of اِبْنٌ, which see below.
بُنْيَةٌ: see بِنَآءٌ.
بِنْيَةٌ A form, mode, or manner, of building or framing or construction; a word like مِشْيَةٌُ and رِكْبَةٌ. (T, TA.) [The form, or mode of formation, of a word.] Natural constitution: as in the phrase, فُلَانٌ صَحِيحُ البِنْيَةِ [Such a one is sound in natural constitution]. (Ṣ.)
بِنْتِىٌّ: see what next follows.
بَنَوِىٌّ Of, or relating to, a son; rel. n. of اِبْنٌ; as alsoاِبْنِىٌّ↓ [with ٱ when connected with a preceding word]: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) the latter is allowable, (Mṣb,) and used by some. (Ṣ.) And Of, or relating to, a daughter; rel. n. of بِنْتٌ; as alsoبِنْتِىٌّ↓: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the latter accord. to Yoo; (Ṣ, M;) but rejected by Sb. (TA.)
Also Of, or relating to, what are termed بُنَيَّاتُ الطَّرِيقِ, i. e., the small roads that branch off from the main road. (Ṣ.)
بُنْيَانٌ and بُنْيَانَةٌ: see what next follows.
بِنَآءٌ [originally an inf. n.: (see 1, first sentence:) then applied to A building; a structure; an edifice;] a thing that is built, or constructed; pl. أَبْنِيَةٌ, and pl. pl. أَبْنِيَاتٌ: (M, Ḳ:) andبُنْيَانٌ↓ [also] has this meaning; (Mṣb;) [and is likewise originally an inf. n.;] or this signifies a wall; syn. حَائِطٌ; (Ṣ;) or it may be a pl., [or rather a coll. gen. n., meaning buildings, structures, edifices, or walls,] of which the sing. [or n. un.] is بُنْيَانَةٌ↓, and as such may be masc. and fem: (Er-Rághib, TA:) بِنْيَةٌ↓ andبُنْيَةٌ↓ also signify [the same as بِنَآءٌ as explained above; or] a thing that one has built, framed, or constructed; (M, Ḳ;) or, accord. to some, the former of these two relates to objects of the senses, and the latter to objects of the mind, to glory or honour or the like; (MF, TA;) and their pls. are بِنًى↓ andبُنًى↓; (Ḳ;) or, accord. to the Ṣ and M, these two appear to be sings.; (TA;) [or they may be pls. or sings.; for J says that] البُنَى is like البِنَى; one says, بُنْيَةٌ and بُنًى, and بِنْيَةٌ and بِنًى; (Ṣ;) [and ISd says that] بِنْيَةٌ and بُنْيَةٌ signify as above, and so بِنًى and بُنًى; or, accord. to Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, بِنًى is pl. of بِنْيَةٌ; or it may be used by poetic licence for بِنَآءٌ: (M:) accord. to IAạr, بِنًى signifies buildings, or structures, of clay: and also [tents] of wool; (T;) and بِنَآءٌ likewise signifies a tent (M, TA) in which the Arabs of the desert dwell, in the desert, (TA,) such as is called خِبَآء; (M, TA;*) and طِرَافٌ and قُبَّةٌ and مِضْرَبٌ are names applied to dwellings of the same kind; (TA;) pl. أَبْنِيَةٌ: (M:) the moveable dwelling, such as the خَيْمَة and مِظَلَّة and فُسْطَاط and سُرَادِق and the like, is called بِنَآءٌ as being likened to the building of burnt bricks and of clay and of gypsum. (M.) [See also بَنِيَّةٌ.]
Also The roof, or ceiling, of a house or chamber or the like; as in the Ḳur [ii. 20], الَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الأَرْضَ فِراشًا وَالسَّمَآءَ بِنَآءً [Who hath made for you the earth as a bed, and the heaven as a roof, or ceiling]: (Ṣ, [but wanting in some copies,] and Jel:) so says AZ: (Ṣ:) or the meaning here is, as a tent (قُبَّة) pitched over you. (Bḍ.)
And The body, with the limbs or members. (TA.)
And i. q. نِطْعٌ [A thing that is spread on the ground to serve as a table for food &c., made of leather; like مِبْنَاةٌ]: occurring in a trad., where it is mentioned as spread on the ground, on a day of rain, for Moḥammad to pray upon: so says Sh. (T.)
بُنَىٌّ, [said to be] originally بُنَيْوٌ, A little son; [used as a term of endearment;] (Mṣb;) dim. of اِبْنٌ. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb.) You say, يَا بُنَىِّ and يَا بُنَىَّ [O my little son, or O my child], with kesr to the ى and with fet-ḥ also; like as you say, يَا أَبَتِ and يَا أَبَتَ [which see in art. ابو, voce أَبٌ]. (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ.) [The fem. is بُنَيَّةٌ A little daughter; dim. of بِنْتٌ. And hence,]
بُنَيَّاتُ الطَّرِيقَ The small roads that branch off from the main road; (Ṣ;) what are termed التُّرَّهَاتُ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
The Arabs say, الرِّفْقُ بُنَىُّ الحِلْمِ, meaning الرفق is like الحلم. (IAạr, ISd.)
بُنُوَّةٌ Sonship: (Lth, Zj, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) [it may be originally بُنُويَةٌ, for Az says, app. on the authority of Zj,] it is not a decisive proof that the last radical is و, since they say فُتُوَّةٌ, though the dual [of the word from which this is derived] is فَتَيَانِ; (T;) [and ISd says that] بُنُوَّةٌ is thus because of the ḍammeh. (M.)
البَنِيَّةُ [properly The building, like البِنَآءُ &c.: but particularly applied to] the Kaabeh; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) because of its nobleness. (M, Ḳ.) One says, لَا وَرَبِّ هٰذِهِ البَنِيَّةِ مَا كَانَ كَذَا وَكَذَا [No, by the Lord of this building (the Kaabeh), such and such thing were not]: (Ṣ, TA:) and this was a common form of oath. (TA.) The Kaabeh is also called بَنِيَّةُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ [The building of Abraham]; because he built it. (TA.)
بَنَّآءٌ A builder; [meaning one whose business is that of building;] an architect. (M.) [See also what next follows.]
بَانٍ [Building, framing, or constructing]: accord. to AʼObeyd, its pl. is أَبْنَآءٌ; and in like manner, أَجْنَآءٌ is pl. of جَانٍ: and hence the prov., أَبْنَاؤُهَا أَجْنَاؤُهَا, (M,) or أَجْنَاؤُهَا أَبْنَاؤُهَا, i. e. The injurers thereof, meaning this house (هٰذِهِ الدَّار), by demolishing it, are the builders thereof. (Ṣ in art. جنى.) ISd says, I am of opinion that these two pls. are not used except in this prov.: and J says, in art. جنى, I think that the prov. is originally جُنَاتُهَا بُنَاتُهَا; but IB affirms that it is not so: and he says that the prov. is applied to him who does, or makes, a thing without consideration, and commits a fault therein, which he repairs by undoing what he has done or made: it originated from the fact that the daughter of a certain king of El-Yemen, during his absence on a military expedition, built, by the advice of others, a house, which he, disliking it, commanded them to demolish. (TA in art. جنى. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 294.])
A bridegroom: from بَنَى عَلَى أَهْلِهِ [q. v.]. (TA.) And hence, Any one going in to his wife. (Ṣ, TA.)
قَوْسٌ بَانِيةٌ A bow cleaving to its string (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) so that it (the latter) almost breaks; (T, Ṣ, M;) the doing of which is a fault; (M;) contr. of بَائِنَةٌ [q. v.]: (Ṣ and M in art. بين:) and soبَانَاةٌ↓ (T, M, Ḳ) in the dial. of Teiyi: (T, M:) or the latter signifies widely separate from its string [like بَائِنَةٌ]. (TA.)
بَانَاةٌ: see بَانٍ.
Also, (in [some of] the copies of the Ḳ erroneously written بانات, TA,) A man bending himself over his bow-string when shooting. (M, Ḳ.)
And Small نَبْل [or arrows]. (M and TA in art. بين.)
بَانِيَةٌ fem. of بَانٍ [q. v.].
Also sing. of بَوَانٍ, (TA,) which signifies The ribs of [the breast, or of the part thereof called] the زَوْر: (M, Ḳ:) or the bones of the breast: or the shoulder-blades and the four legs: (TA:) and the legs of a she-camel. (M, Ḳ.) One says, [likening a man to a camel lying down,] أَلْقَى بَوَانِيهُ, meaning He took up his abode, and settled, (T, M, Ḳ,) in a place; like أَلْقَى عَصَاهُ. (T, M.) أَلْقَى الشَّأْمُ بَوَانِيَهُ [meaning Syria became in a settled state] occurs in a trad. as related by AʼObeyd: and if he said بَوَائِنَهُ, it would be allowable; بَوَائِنُ being pl. of بوان, [i. e. بُوَانٌ or بِوَانٌ,] which is a name for any tent-pole except in the middle of the بَيْت, which has three poles. (T.) And it is said in another trad., أَلْقَتِ السَّمَآءُ بِرَكَ بَوَانِيهَا, meaning The sky cast down the rain that it contained. (TA.)
اِبْنٌ, meaning A son; (M, Mgh, Ḳ;) because he is the father's building, made to be so by God; (Er-Rághib, TA;) and ‡ a son's son; and ‡ a descendant more remote; (Mṣb;) is with a conjunctive ا [when not immediately preceded by a quiescence, written ٱبْنٌ]; (Zj, T, M;) [and when immediately preceded by the proper name of a man and immediately followed by the proper name of his parent, written without the ا, as in زَيْدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو Zeyd the son of ʼAmr (in which case it should also be observed that the former proper name is without tenween); unless the words compose a proposition, as in زَيْدٌ ٱبْنُ عَمْرٍو Zeyd is the son of ʼAmr; or in the case of an interrogation, as in هَلْ زَيْدٌ ٱبْنُ عَمْرٍو Is Zeyd the son of ʼAmr?]: the pl. is بَنُونَ↓ (T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) in the nom. case, and بَنِينَ in the accus. and gen.; (Mgh;) and أَبْنَآءٌ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is a pl. of pauc.: (Mṣb:) [and hence it is argued that] the sing. is of the measure فَعَلٌ with the final radical letter elided and the conjunctive ا prefixed; (M;) originally بَنَىٌ, (M, Ḳ,) with ى, as we judge, because [the aor.] يَبْنِى is more common than يَبْنُو: (M:) or originally بَنَوٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) with two fet-ḥahs, because it has بَنُونَ for a pl., and the perfect pl. does not admit of change [in its vowels beyond that which is here made in بَنُونَ for بَنَوُونَ]; (Mṣb;) and because it has for a pl. أَبْنَآءٌ, like as جَمَلٌ has أَجْمَالٌ; (Ṣ;) and the elided letter is و, (Akh, T, Ṣ,) as in أَبٌ and أَخٌ, (Ṣ,) because و is more commonly elided than ى; (Akh, T;) or because the fem. is بِنْتٌ and [that of أَخٌ is] أُخْتٌ; for we do not see this ه [or ت] affixed in the fem. except when و is elided in the masc., as is shown by أَخَوَاتٌ and هَنَوَاتٌ; (Ṣ;) though بُنُوَّةٌ is not a decisive proof that the last radical is و, for a reason stated above in the explanation of it: (T:) or, as some say, it is originally بِنْوٌ, with kesr to the. ب, like حِمْلٌ, because they say بِنْتٌ, and a change [of a vowel] in a case of this kind is rare: (Mṣb:) [but J says,] it may not be of the measure فِعْلٌ nor فُعْلٌ, because it has بَنُونَ with fet-ḥ to the ب, for a pl.; nor of the measure فَعْلٌ, because this has [generally] for its [broken] pl. أَفْعُلٌ or فُعُولٌ: (Ṣ:) Zj says that it is originally بِنْىٌ or بِنْوٌ, or it may be originally بَنًا; that it is app. the last accord. to those who say بَنُون; and that أَبْنَآءٌ may be pl. of the measure فَعَلٌ and of فِعْلٌ; that بِنْتٌ favours its being of the latter; but that it may be of the measure فَعَلٌ changed to فِعْلٌ, as فَعَلٌ is changed to فُعْلٌ in the case of أُخْتٌ. (T.) Beside the pls. mentioned above, اِبْنٌ has a quasi-pl. n., namely أَبْنَى↓, of the same measure as أَعْمَى; (Mgh, TA;*) a sing. denoting the pl.: or, as some say, اِبْنٌ has for pls. أَبْنَآءٌ and أَبْنَى. (TA.) Lḥ mentions the phrase, هٰؤُلَآءِ أَبْنَا أَبْنَائِهِمْ [or أَبْنَى ابنائهم These are the sons of their sons.]. (M.) Sometimes م is affixed to اِبْنٌ [so that it becomes اِبْنُمٌ↓ or اِبْنَمٌ at the beginning of a sentence, andٱبْنُمٌ↓ or ٱبُنَمٌ in other cases]: the word is then doubly declinable [like اِمْرُؤٌ or ٱمْرُأٌ]: you say, هٰذَا ٱبْنُمٌ [This is a son], and رَأَيْتُ ٱبْنَمًا [I saw a son], and مَرَرْتُ بِٱبْنِمٍ [I passed by a son]; making the ن similarly declinable to the م; and the ا is with kesr in every case [when the word commences a sentence, whether you make the word doubly declinable or not]: (AHeyth,* Ṣ:) [for] some make it singly declinable, leaving the ن with fet-ḥ in every case [as the ر in اِمْرَأٌ or ٱمْرَأٌ]; saying, هٰذَا ٱبْنَمُكَ [This is thy son], and رَأَيْتُ ٱبْنَمَكَ [I saw thy son], and مَرَرْتُ بِٱبْنَمِكَ [I passed by thy son]. (AHeyth, TA.) Hassán says,
* وَلَدْنَا بَنِى العَنْقَآءِ وَٱبْنَىْ مُحَرِّقٍ **فَأَكْرِمْ بِنَا خَالًا وَأَكْرِمْ بِنَا ٱبْنَمَا↓ *
[We begot the sons of El-'Ankà, and the two sons of Moharrik; and how generous are we as a maternal uncle! and how generous are we as a son!], (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) i. e., ٱبْنَا: the م is augmentative, and the hemzeh [or rather ا] is that of conjunction. (Ḳ.) And Ru-beh says,
* بُكَآءَ شَكْلَى فَقَدَتْ حَمِيمَا **فَهْىَ تُنَادِى بِأَبِى وَٱبْنِيمَا↓ *
[As the weeping of a bereft woman, who has lost a relation, therefore she calls out, With my father would I ransom thee, and a son]; meaning ٱبْنِمَا. (TA.) The fem. of اِبْنٌ is اِبْنَةٌ↓ or ٱبْنَةٌ [with the conjunctive ا when not commencing a sentence] andبِنْتٌ↓ [meaning A daughter; and † any female descendant]: (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) accord. to Sb, (M,) اِبْنَةٌ is formed from اِبْنٌ by affixing ه [or ة]; but not so بِنْتٌ; for this is formed by affixing ى as a letter of quasi-coordination, and then substituting for it ت: (M, Ḳ:) [but if the ت be substituted for ى, it seems more probable that the ى is the final radical:] or, as some say, the ت is substituted for و: (M:) [Mṭr says,] the ت is substituted for the final radical: (Mgh:) accord. to Ks, it is originally with ه [or ة], because it has a fem. meaning: (IAạr, Mṣb:) [my own opinion is most agreeable with this of Ks; and with that of Zj, which will be mentioned below; or, perhaps, is identical with that of Zj: I think it most probable that, as اِبْنٌ is generally held to be originally بَنَىٌ or بَنَوٌ, so اِبْنَةٌ and بِنْتٌ are both originally بَنَيَةٌ or بَنَوَةٌ, and that بِنْتٌ is formed from اِبْنَةٌ by suppressing the alif, transferring its kesreh to the ب, making the ن quiescent, and changing the ة into ت, which is therefore said to be not the sign of the fem. gender, either because it is not ة, but is a substitute for ة, or because it is preceded by a quiescent letter:] AHn says that the ت is substituted for the final radical letter, which is و; and that it is not the sign of the fem. gender, because the letter [next] before it is quiescent: this [he says] is the opinion of Sb, and is the right opinion; for he says that if you were to use it as the proper name of a man, you would make it perfectly decl.; and if the ت were to denote the fem. gender, the name would not be perfectly decl.: (TA:) and the same is said respecting the ت in أُخْتٌ: (TA in art. اخو:) this ت remains in a case of pause (Ks, IAạr, Ṣ, Mṣb) as in the case of the connexion of the word with a word following: (Ṣ:) but one should not say اِبِنْتٌ, (Th, T, Ṣ.) because the ا is required only on account of the quiescence of the ب, and is therefore dropped when this is made movent: (Ṣ:) Zj says that, in forming the pl. of بِنْتٌ [and of اِبْنَةٌ], the sing. is reduced to its original form, which is فَعْلَةٌ [as I find it written in the transcript from the T in the TT, but it may be a mistake for فَعَلَ۩ٌ,] with the last radical letter suppressed: (T in TT:) the pl. is بَنَاتٌ (T, Ṣ, Mṣb) alone: (Ṣ:) [and this is generally treated as a fem. pl. of the perfect, or sound, kind, although the ت in بِنْتٌ is said to be not a sign of the fem. gender; so that you say, رَأَيْتُ بَنَاتِكَ I saw thy daughters; but sometimes] one says, رَأَيْتُ بَنَاتَكَ, with fet-ḥ [as the case-ending], treating the ت as a radical letter. (Ṣ.) It is said in the Bári' that when men and women are mixed together, the masc. pl. is made predominant; so that one says, بَنُو فُلَانٍ [meaning The sons and daughters, or the children, of such a one]; and even, اِمْرَأَةٌ مِنْ بَنى تَمِيمٍ [A woman of the children of Temeem]; and accordingly, if بَنُو فُلَانٍ is applied to denote the persons to whom a legacy is left, the males and the females are included therein. (Mṣb.)
When اِبْن is applied to that which is not a human being, (IAmb, Mṣb,) to an irrational being, (Mṣb,) it has for its pl. بَنَات: (IAmb, Mṣb:) thus the pl. of اِبْنُ مَخَاضٍ [A young male camel in his second year] is بَنَاتُ مَخَاضٍ: (Mgh, Mṣb:) that of اِبْنُ لَبُونٍ [A male camel that has entered upon his third year] is بَنَاتُ لَبُونٍ: (Mṣb:) and that of اِبْنُ نَعْشٍ [Any one of the stars of the tail of Ursa Major or of that of Ursa Minor] is بَنَاتُ نَعْشٍ; but sometimes, by poetic licence, بَنُو نَعْشٍ: and hence, or to make a distinction between the males and the females, the lawyers say, بَنُو اللَّبُونِ. (IAmb, Mṣb.)
بَنَاتٌ↓ also signifies ‡ Dolls with which young girls play: (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ:) sing. بِنْتٌ. (Mgh.) It occurs in this sense in a trad., in which ʼÁïsheh speaks of her playing therewith (Ṣ, Mgh) when, being nine years of age, she was conducted as a bride to Moḥammad. (Mgh.)
اِبْن is often prefixed to some other noun (T, M, Mṣb) that particularizes its signification, because of a close connexion between the two meanings: (Mṣb:) and so is بِنْت↓. (T, M.) [Most of the compounds thus formed will be found explained in the arts. to which belong the nouns that occupy the second place. The following are among the more common, and are therefore here mentioned, as exs. of different kinds.]
اِبْنُ الطِّينِ [The son of earth, or clay, meaning] Adam. (T.) اِبْنُ اللَّيْلِ and اِبْنُ الطَّرِيقِ The thief, or robber. (T.) Also the former, The wayfarer, or traveller; (Er-Rághib, TA;) and so اِبْنُ السَّبِيلِ. (Mṣb, Er-Rághib.) اِبْنُ حَرْبٍ A warrior: (Er-Rághib, TA:) and اِبْنُ الحَرْبِ [the warrior; or] he who suffices for war, and who defends. (Mṣb.) اِبْنُ الدُّنْيَا The rich man. (Mṣb.)
اِبْنُ آوَى [The jackal;] a certain beast of prey. (TA.) اِبْنُ عِرْسٍ The سُرْعُوب [or weasel]. (TA.)
اِبْنُ أَدِيمٍ A skin for water or milk made of one hide; and اِبْنُ أَدِيمَيْنِ one made of two hides; and اِبْنُ ثَلَاثَهِ آدِمَةٍ one made of three hides. (T.)
اِبْنَةُ الجَبَلِ The echo. (T.)
بَنَاتُ بِئْسٍ and بَنَاتُ طَبَقٍ and بَنَاتُ بَرْحٍ and بَنَاتُ أَوْدَكَ Calamities, or misfortunes. (T.)
Ru-beh said of a man who was mentioned to him, كَانَ إِحْدَى بَنَاتِ مَسَاجِدِ ٱللّٰهِ; as though he asserted that He was one of the pebbles of the mosque [or rather of the mosques of God]. (Ṣ.)
اِبْنَةٌ or ٱبْنَةٌ: fem. of اِبْنٌ, which see.
اِبْنُمٌ and اِبْنَمٌ, or ٱبْنُمٌ and ٱبْنَمٌ: see اِبْنٌ, in three places.
أَبْنَى: quasi-pl. n. of اِبْنٌ which see.
اِبْنَىٌّ: see بَنَوِىٌّ.
ٱبْنِيمَا, for ٱبْنِمَا: see a verse cited voce اِبْنٌ.
أُبَيْنٌ [an unused, or unusual, dim. of اِبْنٌ]: see what next follows.
أُبَيْنٍ, of the same measure as أُعَيْمٍ, is the dim. of أَبْنَى, which is like أَعْمَى, (Sb, IB, Mgh,) and is quasi-pl. of اِبْنٌ. (Mgh.) Moḥammad is related, in a trad., to have said, أُبَيْنِى لَا تَرْمُوا جَمْرَةَ العَبَقَبِةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ [O little (meaning dear) sons, cast not ye the pebble of the 'Akabeh (see جَمْرَةٌ) until the sun rise], (TA,) or أُبَيْنِىَّ الخ [O my little sons &c.]: (Mgh, TA:) IAth says that the hemzeh is augmentative; and that there are differences of opinion respecting the form of the word and its meaning: some say that it is the dim. of أَبْنَى, like أَعْمَى, a sing. word denoting a pl. meaning, or, accord. to some, a pl. of اِبْنٌ, as well as أَبْنَآءٌ: some say that it is the dim. of اِبْنٌ; [and if so, we must read أُبَيْنِى my little son;] but this requires consideration [more especially as it is followed by a pl. verb]: AO says that it is the dim. of بَنِىَّ, pl. of اِبْنٌ with the affixed pronoun of the first pers. [sing.]; and this requires us to read أُبَيْنِىَّ. (TA.) J says, in the Ṣ, that the dim. of أَبْنَآءٌ [pl. of اِبْنٌ] is أُبَيْنَآءٌ↓, and, if you will, أُبَيْنُونَ↓; and he cites a verse in which occurs the expression أُبَيْنِيكَ, [in the gen. case, meaning thy little sons,] and adds, it is as though its sing. were إِبْنٌ, with the disjunctive ا, whence the dim. أُبَيْنٌ↓, in the pl. أُبَيْنُونَ: but he should have said, as though its sing. were أَبْنَى, like أَعْمَى, originally أَبْنَوُ. (IB, TA.)
أُبَيْنَآء: see what next precedes.
أُبَيْنُونَ: see what next precedes.
مِبْنَاةٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and مَبْنَاةٌ (M, Ḳ) A نِطْع [like بِنَآءٌ, which see for an explanation]: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) and a سِتْر [i. e. curtain or the like]: (Ḳ:) or a thing in the form of a سِتْر: (M:) or a [tent of the kind called] قُبَّة, made of skins, or hides: (IAạr, T:) or a thing of skins, or hides, of like form to the قُبَّة, which a woman places in, or at, the side of her tent (فِى كِسْرِ بَيْتِهَا), and in which she dwells; and may-be she has sheep, or goats, and is content with the possession of these, exclusively of the other sheep, or goats, for herself and her garments [and app. for making of their skins her مبناه]; and she has a covering (إِزَار) [extended] in the middle of the بَيْت [or tent], within, to protect her from the heat, and from the violent rain, so that she and her clothes are not wetted: (Aboo-ʼAdnán, T:) or, accord. to Aṣ, a mat (حَصِيرٌ), or a نِطْع, which the trafficker spreads upon the things that he sells: and they used to put the mats (الحُصُر) upon the أَنْطَاع [pl. of نِطْع], and go round about with them [in the market]: the مبناة is thus called because it is made of skins joined together: (T:) also a receptacle of the kind called عَيْبَة: (M, Ḳ:) such is said to be its meaning: (Ṣ:) pl. مَبَانٍ. (T.)
مَبْنِىٌّ [Built, &c.: see 1]. أَرْضٌ مَبْنِيَّةٌ means أَرْضٌ مَبْنِىٌّ فِيهَا [Land built in or upon]; and is deemed a chaste phrase. (Mgh.)
مُبَنًّى Raised high; applied to a palace, or pavilion. (M, TA.)
مُبْتَنًى [pass. part. n. of اِبْتَنَاهُ] is used in the place of the inf. n. [of that verb, agreeably with many other instances, or accord. to a common licence], meaning The act of building, framing, or constructing. (TA.)