نبش نبض نبط
نَبَضَ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. نَبْضٌ and نَبَضَانٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and نَبِيضٌ, (so in a copy of the Ṣ,) It (a vein, or an artery,) pulsed, or beat, (TA,) [or throbbed;] was, or became, in a state of motion, or agitation. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] ما نَبَضَ لَهُ عِرْقُ عَصَبِيَّةٍ ‡ [No party-spirit, or zeal in the cause of his party, became roused, or excited, in him;] he did not aid his people, or party, against oppression; was not angry, or zealous, for them, and did not defend them. (A, TA.)
Andنَبَضَ نَابِضُهُ↓ ‡ His anger became roused, or excited. (A, TA.)
[Hence also,] نَبَضَتِ الأَمْعَآءُ, aor. as above, [in the L, written ـُ, but this is doubtless a mistake,] † The bowels became in a state of commotion. (TA.)
And نَبَضَ البَرْقُ † The lightning flashed lightly, or slightly, (Ḳ, TA,) like the نَبْض of a vein or an artery. (TA.)
see 4, in two places.
أَنْبَضَتِ الحُمَّى عِرْقَهُ The fever made his vein, or artery, to pulse, beat, (TA,) [throb,] or become in a state of motion or agitation. (A, TA.*)
انبض القَوْسَ, (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mgh,) like أَنْضَبَهَا, (Lth, T, M,) but the former is the more approved; (Lth, ʼEyn;) and انبض عَنْهَا; (A, Mgh;) or انبض فِيهَا; (AḤn, Ḳ;) andنبّض↓ فيها, inf. n. تَنْبيضٌ; (AḤn, TA;) in the Ḳ,نَبَضَ↓ فِيهَا, which is a mistake; (TA;) [He twanged the bow;] he made the bow to give a sound: (AḤn, Ḳ:) or he put the string of the bow in motion, [or made it to vibrate,] (A, Ḳ,) or pulled it, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh,) and then let it go, (Ṣ, Mgh,) in order that it might twang, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or produce a sound: (T, M, Mgh:) and انبض بِالْوَتَرِ (Ṣ, A, Mgh) signifies the same: (Ṣ, Mgh:) or he took the string of the bow with the ends of his two fingers, and then let it go so that it might fall against the handle of the bow: (Jm:) and انبض الوَتَرَ he pulled the string of the bow without an arrow, and then let it go: (Yaạḳoob:) or he pulled the string of the bow, and then let it go so that he heard it give a sound. (Lḥ.) Hence the proverb, إِنْبَاضُ بِغَيْرِ تَوْتِيرِ, (Ṣ,) or مِنْ عَيْرِ تَوْتِيرٍ, (A,) [Twanging the bow without fastening, or binding, or bracing, the string; meaning ‡ threatening without the means of execution]: applied to him who pretends to that which he has not the means of performing. (A, TA.) [See also art. وتر.] And a poet says,
*لَأَرْمِيَنَّكَ رَمْيًا غَيْرَ تَنْبِيضِ↓ *
[I will assuredly shoot thee with a shooting, not a mere twanging]: meaning, my pulling [of the bow] shall not be a threatening, but execution. (TA.)
You say also, أَنْبَضَ النَّدَّافُ مِنْبَضَتَهُ [The separater and loosener of cotton by means of the bow and mallet made his mallet to cause the string of the bow to vibrate]. (A, TA.)
نَبْضٌ [an inf. n. used as a subst., signifying The pulse].
Also, A pulsing vein, or artery: as in the saying جَسَّ الطَّبِيبُ نَبْضَهُ [The physician felt his pulsing vein, or artery: or his pulse]: but it is more chaste to sayمَنْبِضَهُ↓ q. v. (TA.)
[It is also used as an epithet. You say,] فُؤَادٌ نَبْضٌ, as alsoنَبَضٌ↓, andنَبِضٌ↓, (Ṣgh Ḳ,) andنَبِيضٌ↓, (A, TA,) ‡ A heart that is sharp in intellect, clever, acute, (A, Ṣgh, Ḳ,) and very brisk or lively or sprightly or prompt. (A, TA.)
مَا بِهِ حَبَضٌ وَلَا نَبَضٌ, (IDrd, Ṣ, Ḳ,) andحَبْضٌ ولا نَبْضٌ↓, (Ṣgh,) There is not in him any motion: (Ṣ, Ṣgh, Ḳ:) or sound, or voice, nor pulsation: (AA, in Ṣ, art. حبض:) or strength: (IDrd:) with fet-ḥ to the second letter, only used in a negative phrase: (L:) Aṣ says, I know not what is الحَبَضُ, (Ṣ in art. حبض,) or الحَبْضُ. (TA.)
فُؤَادٌ نَبَضٌ: see نَبْضٌ.
نَبِضٌ: see نَبْضٌ.
نَبْضَةٌ [A single pulsation]. You say, رَأَيْتُ وَمْضَةَ بَرْقٍ كَنَبْضَةِ عِرْقٍ [I saw a slight flash of lightning, like a single pulsation of an artery]. (A, TA.)
نَبِيضٌ: see نَبْضٌ.
نَابِضٌ [part. n. of 1]. You say, مَا دَامَ فِىَّ عُرَيْقٌ نَابِضٌ لَمْ أَخْذُلْكَ [As long as there remains in me a little artery pulsing, I will not abstain, or hold back, from aiding thee]; i. e., ‡ as long as I remain alive. (A, TA.)
[Hence,] ‡ Anger. (Lth, A, Ḳ.) See 1, where an ex. is given.
† An archer: lit. one who has a twanging. (Mgh.)
مَنْبِضُ القَلْبِ The place where one sees the heart pulsing, (TA,) or in motion; (A, Ḳ;) and where one perceives the gentle sound of its [pulsation, or] motion. (A, O.) You say, جَسَّ الطَّبِيبُ مَنْبِضَهُ [The physician felt his place of pulsation], and مَنَابِضَهُمْ [their places of pulsation]. (A, TA.)
مَا يُعْرَفُ لَهُ مَنْبِضُ عَسَلَةٍ means ‡ He has no origin [known]; like مَضْرِبُ عَسَلَةٍ; (A, TA;) nor any people [to whom he belongs]. (TA.)
وَجَعٌ مُنْبِضٌ [A pain causing pulsation, or throbbing]. (L, TA.)
مِنْبَضٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) orمِنْبَضَةٌ↓, (A,) The wooden mallet with which one separates and loosens cotton by striking with it the string of a bow; syn. مِنْدَفٌ, like مِحْبَضٌ; (Ṣ;) or مِنْدَفَةٌ: (A, Ḳ:) مَنَابِضُ is said by Kh to occur in poetry as [its pl.,] meaning مَنَادِفُ. (Ṣ.)
مِنْبَضَةٌ: see what next precedes.
أَنْبَضَ فى قَوْسِهِ He made the string of his bow to vibrate, that it might twang. (Ḳ.)