وتد وتر وتن
وَتَرَهُ, aor. يَتِرُهُ, inf. n. وَتْرٌ; (Mṣb;) andاوترهُ↓; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) He made it, (a number, Mṣb,) sole; or one, and no more: syn. أَفَذَّهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or أَفْرَدَهُ. (Mṣb.) It is said that the latter verb only is used in relation to a number; but both are said to be thus used in the M [as well as in the Mṣb.] (TA.)
[And He made it to be an odd number.] You say, وَتَرَ القَوْمَ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. وَتْرٌ; (M;) andأَوْتَرَهُمْ↓; (M, Ḳ;) He made the people, they being an even number, to be an odd number. (M, Ḳ, TA.) ʼAṭà says, كَانَ القَوْمُ وِتْرًا فَشَفَعْتُهُمْ وَكَانُوا شَفْعًا فَوَتَرْتُهُمْ [The people were an odd number and I made them an even number, and they were an even number and I made them an odd number]. (TA.) You say also, وَتَرَ الصَّلَاةَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) andأَوْتَرَهَا↓, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andوَتَّرَهَا↓, (Ḳ,) andأَوْتَرَ↓ فِى الصَّلَاةِ, (Lḥ, M,) He made the prayer to be such as is termed وِتْر [i. e., to consist of an odd number of rek'as; as is done in the case of a prayer which is performed in the night, consisting of three rek'ahs, and particularly called صَلَاةُ الوِتْرِ]; (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ;*) he performed prayers of double rek'ahs, two and two together, and then performed the prayer of one rek'ah at the end, making what he performed an odd number: (T:) andأَوْتَرَ↓, alone, signifies he performed the prayer called الوِتْر [explained above]; (T, M, A, Mgh, Ḳ;) or he performed prayers of [an odd number of rek'ahs,] two and two together, and then a single rek'ah at the end. (TA.) It is said in a trad. إِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ وِتْرٌ يُحِبُّ الوِتْرَ فَأَوْتِرُوا يَا أَهْلَ ٱلْقُرْآنِ [Verily God is one only: He loveth the odd number: therefore perform ye the prayer of an odd number of rek'ahs, O people of the Ḳur-án]. (T.) And in another trad., إِذَا ٱسْتَجْمَرْتَ فَأَوْتِرْ When thou employest stones in the purification termed إِسْتِنْجَآء, use an odd number; (TA;) i. e. use three stones for that purpose, or five, or seven, and not an even number. (T.)
وَتَرَهُ, (T, Ṣ, A, Mgh,) aor. يَتِرُهُ, inf. n. وَتْرٌ (Ṣ,) and وِتْرٌ and تِرَةٌ, (T, Ṣ,) He slew his relation, and so separated him from him, and rendered him solitary: (A, Mgh:) or he slew a person belonging to him, or related to him, without the latter's obtaining revenge, or retaliation, for the blood of the slain: (Ṣ:) or he slew a person belonging to him, or related to him; or took property belonging to him. (T.) It is also doubly trans.: you say, وَتَرَ فُلَانٌ فُلَانًا أَهْلَهُ Such a one committed a crime against such a one by slaying his family; or by taking them away: (T:) and وَتَرَةُ مَالَهُ (T, M, Ḳ) † he committed a crime against him by taking away his property: (T:) or † he made him to suffer loss or detriment in respect of his property; or he deprived him of it in part, or altogether; syn. نَقَصَهُ إِيَّاهُ: (T,* M, Ḳ:) and وَتَرَهُ حَقَّهُ, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. as above, (Mṣb,) ‡ he made him to suffer loss or detriment in respect of his right or due; or he abridged him, or deprived him, or defrauded him, of it partially, or wholly; syn. نقصهُ. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., مَنْ فَاتَتْهُ صَلَاةُ العَصْرِ فَكَأَنَّمَا وُتِرَ أَهْلَهُ وَمَالَهُ (T, M,* Mṣb,* TA) By whomsoever the prayer of the afternoon passeth unobserved, he is as though he had his family slain and his property taken away: or as though he had his family and his property taken away: (T:) or as though he were deprived (نُقِصَ) of his family and his property, (T, M, Mṣb, TA,) and remained alone: (T, TA:) the loss of the family and property is thus likened to the loss of the recompense: اهله and ماله being in the accus. case as objective complements: (Mṣb:) اهله is a second objective complement: for the first is understood, as implied in the verb: but if we read أَهْلُهُ وَمَالُهُ, accord. to another relation, اهله supplies the place of the agent, nothing being understood, and the family and property are the objects to which the loss is made to relate. (TA.) And it is said in another trad., مَنْ جَلَسَ مَجْلِسًا لَمْ يَذْكُرِ ٱللّٰهَ فِيهِ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ تِرَةً † He who sitteth in an assembly in which God is not mentioned is obnoxious to detriment, or loss: or, as some say, to a claim of reparation for wrongful conduct. (TA.) And it is said in the Ḳur, [xlvii. 37,] وَلَنَ يَتِرَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ † And He will not deprive you of aught of the recompence of your deeds: (Zj, T:) or will not make you to suffer loss in respect of your deeds; like as you say دَخَلْتُ البَيْتَ, meaning دَخَلْتُ فِى البَيْتِ. (Ṣ.)
[Also,] وَتَرَهُ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. يَتِرُهُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. وَتْرٌ (M, Ḳ) and وِتْرٌ (TA) and تِرَةٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He executed blood-revenge upon him: or did so wrongfully: (M,* Ḳ,* TḲ:) expl. by أَصَابَهُ بِذَحْلٍ. (TḲ.)
He overtook him (أَدْرَكَهُ) with some displeasing, or abominable, or evil, action. (M, Ḳ.)
He frightened him; terrified him. (Fr, Ḳ.)
وَتَرَ القَوْسَ: see 2, in two places.
وتّر الصَّلَاةَ: see 1, near the beginning.
وتّر القَوْسَ He fastened, bound, firmly, or braced, the string of the bow; expl. by شَدَّ وَتَرَهَا; (Lḥ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoأَوْتَرَهَا↓; (Lḥ, M, Mṣb;) both these signify the same; (Ṣ, in which the meaning is not explained;) andوَتَرَهَا↓, (M, TA,) inf. n. وَتْرٌ: (TA:) orاوترها↓ signifies he put to it a string: (M, Ḳ:) andوَتَرَهَا↓, (M, Ḳ,) aor. يَتِرُهَا, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تِرَةٌ, (TA,) he attacked to it its string: (M, Ḳ:) this, accord. to some, is the proper signification of the last. (M.) It is said in a proverb, إِنْبَاضٌ بِغَيْرِ تَوْتِيرٍ [Twanging the bow without bracing the string]: (Ṣ:) or لَا تُعْجِلِ الإِنْبَاضَ قَبْلَ التَّوْتِيرِ [Hasten not the twanging of the bow before the bracing of the string]: alluding to the hastening a thing before its proper time. (M.) [See also art. نبض. And see 2 in arts. جنب and حنب.]
واتر بَيْنَ أَخْبَارِهِ, (A, and so in some copies of the Ḳ,) orأَوْتَرَ↓, (M, and so in some copies of the Ḳ,) and بين كُتُبِهِ, (M,) and واتر أَخْبَارَهُ, (M, Ḳ; in the latter of which وَاتَرَهُ is put by mistake for وَاتَرَهَا, as is observed in the TA,) and كُتُبَهُ, (M, A, Ḳ,) inf. n. مُوَاتَرَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and وِتَارٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He made his tidings, or narrations, and his writings, or letters, to follow one another: (M, A, Ḳ:) or with some intervals between them; for مواترة between things is only when there is some interval between them; otherwise it is مُدَارَكَةٌ and مُوَاصَلَةٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or واتر الكُتُبَ signifies he made the writings, or letters, to follow one another nearly, one by one, without ceasing: (Ṣ:) or he made them to follow one another with a small interval between every two: (T:) and وَاتر الخَبَرَ he made the tidings, or narration, to follow one part after another: or, accord. to Aṣ, with a small space between every two portions thereof: from وِتْرٌ in the sense of فَرْدٌ. (T.) You say also وَاتر بَيْنَ مِيَرِهِمْ He made their supplies of wheat to come to them without stopping; time after time. (TA, from a trad.) And it is said in a trad., لَا بَأْسَ أَنْ يُوَاتِرَ قَضَآءَ رَمَضَانَ There will be no harm in his performing the fast of Ramadán at intervals, fasting one day and breaking fast one day: (TA:) مُوَاتَرَةُ الصَّوْمِ is the fasting one day and breaking fast one day, or two; performing it separately: it does not mean المُوَاصَلَةُ, because it is from الوِتْرُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) i. e., الفَرْدُ. (TA.)
see 1, in seven places, first part.
اوتر بَيْنَ أَخْبَارِهِ: see 3.
اوترهُ He made him to attain, or obtain, his blood-revenge. (Az, TA; and L in art. ثأر.) See an ex., voce ثَأْرٌ.
اوتر القَوْسَ: see 2, in two places.
توتّر ‡ It (a sinew, or nerve, T, M, A, Ḳ, and a vein, M, TA, not the neck, for العُنُقُ in the Ḳ is a mistake for العِرْقُ, TA) became tense, (M, Ḳ, TA,) like a bow-string. (M, TA.)
تواتر It was consecutive: or was so with intervals: (M, A, Ḳ:) or was so with separation, or interruption. (Mṣb.) You say, تواترت الإِبِلُ, and القَطَا, and so of any other things, The camels, and the birds of the kind called القطا, &c., came one near after another, not in a rank. (Lḥ, M.) And تواترت الخَيْلُ The horses came following one another. (Mṣb.) And تواترت الكُتُبُ The writings, or letters, came one near after another, separately. (Ṣ.)
وَتْرٌ: see وِتْرٌ, throughout.
وِتْرٌ andوَتْرٌ↓, (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) the former, [which is the more common,] in the dial. of Nejd, (Lḥ, M,) and of the tribe of Temeem, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) and of the people of El-ʼÁliyeh, (ISk, as on the authority of Yoo, and Ṣ) or the latter in the dial. of the people of El-ʼÁliyeh, (T, as on the authority of Yoo,) or of the people of El-Ḥijáz, (Lḥ, Ṣ, M,) Single; sole; only; one, and no more: syn. فَرْدٌ: (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or مَا لَمْ يُشْفَعْ مِنَ العَدَدِ: (M, A, Ḳ; except that in the Ḳ, instead of يُشْفَعْ, we find يَتَشَفَّعْ:) or contr. of شَفْعٌ: (Mgh:) [and an odd number:] all [even and odd] numbers are termed [respectively] شَفْعٌ and وَِتْرٌ, whether many or few. (T.)
وِتْرًا وِتْرًا [Singly; separately; one by one]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [See شَفْعٌ.]
الوِتْرُ, one of the names of God, The Single; the Sole; the One; He who has no equal, or like; the Unequalled; syn. الفَذُّ and الفَرْدُ. (TA.)
صَلَاةُ الوَِتْرِ, and الوِتْرُ alone: see 1, first part: it was sometimes said by Moḥammad to be a single رَكْعَة. (T.)
In the words of the Ḳur, [lxxxix. 2,] وَٱلشَّفْعٍ وَٱلْوَتْرِ by the former is meant all creatures which are created in pairs; and by the latter, God: (T:) or [by the former, Adam and his wife; and] by the latter, Adam, who was made a pair with his wife: (I’Ab, T:) or by the former, the day of the sacrifice; (T;) and by the latter, the day of ʼArafeh. (T, Ḳ.) [See more voce شَفَعٌ.]
Also وِتْرٌ andوَتْرٌ↓, (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the former, [which is the more common,] in the dial. of Nejd, (Lḥ, M,) and of the tribe of Temeem, (Lḥ, T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) and of the people of El-ʼÁliyeh, (T, as on the authority of Yoo,) and El-Ḥijáz, (Ṣ,) or the latter in the dial. of the people of El-'Aliyeh, (ISk, as on the authority of Yoo, and Ṣ) and El-Ḥijáz, (Lḥ, M,) Blood-revenge; or retaliation of murder or homicide: or a seeking to revenge, or retaliate, blood: or a desire, or seeking, for retaliation of a crime or of enmity: syn. ذَحْلٌ: (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or wrongful conduct therein: as alsoتِرَةٌ↓ andوَتِيرَةٌ↓, in either sense: (M, Ḳ:) or a crime which a man commits against another by slaughter or by plundering or by capture: (TA:) pl. [of وَِتْرٌ] أَوْتَارٌ and [of تِرَةٌ] تِرَاتٌ. (A.)
وَتَرٌ The string, and the suspensory, syn. شِرْعَة and مُعَلَّق [the latter signifying properly the appendage, (see خَطَمَ القَوْسَ بِالوَتَرِ, and see نَياطٌ,)] (M, Ḳ,) of a bow: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) [and in like manner, a chord of a lute and the like:] pl. أَوْتَارٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and وِتَارٌ. (Fr, Ṣgh, TA.)
Also pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] of وَتَرَةٌ [q. v.] in all the senses of the latter. (Ḳ.)
وَتَرَةٌ, of the nose, The partition between the two nostrils [consisting of the septum and subseptum narium, or the subseptum alone]; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb;) as alsoوَتِيرَةٌ↓: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the former signifies what is between the two nostrils: (M:) or the junction that is between the two nostrils: (T:) or the edge of the nostril: (M, Ḳ:) accord. to Lḥ, (M,) what is between the tip of the nose and the سَبَلَة [or middle of the mustache; app. meaning, the subseptum narium]: (M, Ḳ:) and the latter, the partition between the two nostrils, of the fore part of the nose, exclusive of the cartilage; [i. e., app. the subseptum narium:] (AZ, T:) and the former, in a horse, what is between the tip of the nose and the upper part of the lip: (M:) pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] of the former, in all its senses, وَتَرٌ. (Ḳ.) In a trad. in which it is said that the fine for destroying the وَتَرَة is a third of the fine for homicide, by this word is meant the وَتَرَة of the nose. (TA.)
The sinew, or nerve, (عَقَبَة,) of the back (متن). (M.)
وَتِيرٌ: see وَتِيرَةٌ, near the end.
وَتِيرَةٌ: see وِتْرٌ.
A way, course, mode, or manner of acting, or conduct, or the like: (Ṣ, M, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and nature, or disposition: (A, Mgh:) from تَوَاتَرَ: (Th, M, A, Mgh:) or a road keeping close to a mountain, (Ḳ, TA,) and pursuing a regular, uniform course: (TA:) or constancy, or perseverence, in a thing, (AO, T, Mṣb, TA,) or in a work. (TA.) You say, مَازَالَ عَلَى وَتِيرَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ He ceased not to follow, or continue in, one way, (&c.,) of acting or the like: (T, Ṣ, M, A:) or one disposition. (A.) And هُمْ عَلَى وَتِيرَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ They follow, or continue in, one way, &c. (A, Mgh, Mṣb.)
Remissness, or languor, syn. فَتْرَةٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) in an affair: (M, Ḳ:) and syn تَوَانٍ [which signifies the same]: and faultiness; syn. غَمِيزَةٌ, (M, Ḳ, [in some copies of the latter, غَمِيرَةٌ, with the unpointed ر.]) You say, مَا فِى عَمَلِهِ وَتِيرَةٌ There is no remissness, or languor, in his work. (Ṣ, A, Mṣb.) And سَيْرٌ لَيْسَ فِيهِ وَتِيرَةٌ A journeying, or pace, in which is no remissness, or languor. (Ṣ.)
Delay. (M, Ḳ.)
Confinement; restriction; restraint. (M, Ḳ.)
I. q. وَتَرَةٌ, as explained above.
A ring (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) of عَقَب [or sinew], (Ṣ,) by aiming at which one learns the art of piercing with the spear; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) also called دَرِيْئَةٌ: (Ṣ:) or a ring that is made at the end of a spear or spear-shaft, by aiming at which one learns the art of shooting, or casting [the lance]; made of bow-string or of other string or thread. (M.)
A white rose: (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ:) or red rose: (Kr, M, Ḳ:) or a rose-flower; a rose-blossom: (AḤn, M, Ḳ:*) n. un. of وَتِيرٌ↓. (AḤn. M.)
A star, or blaze, or white mark, on the forehead or face of a horse, when round, (T, M, A, Ḳ,) and small: (A:) when long, it is called شَادِخَةٌ: (AO, T:) likened to the ring above mentioned, thus called; (T;) or to a white rose, which is also thus called. (A.) See غُرَّةٌ.
تِرَةٌ: see وِتْرٌ. The ت is substituted for the elided و. (TA.)
جَاؤُوا تَتْرَى, and تَتْرًى, with and without tenween, and with ت substituted for the original incipient و, (T,* Ṣ,* M, A,* Mṣb,* Ḳ,) in the former whereof, (Ṣ, M,) which is the better, (Ṣ,) and the more common, (Fr,) pronounced by Hamzeh and Ibn-'Ámir and Ks with imáleh, [i. e. tetrè,] (Bḍ, xxiii. 46,) the ا [which is written ى] is a sign of the fem. gender, and in the latter whereof it is an ا of quasi-coördination, (Ṣ, M,) from وِتْرٌ in the sense of فَرْدٌ, (Ṣ,) They came following one another; one after another; (A, Mṣb;) syn. مُتَوَاتِرِينَ: (M, Ḳ:) or interruptedly. (Yoo, T.) It is said in the Ḳur, [xxiii. 46,] ثَمَّ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا تَتْرَى, or تَتَرًى, Then we sent our apostles one after another: (Ṣ:) or interruptedly; at intervals: (Yoo, T, M:) or making a long time to intervene between every two. (T.)
فَرَسٌ مُوَتَّرُ الأَنْسَآءِ ‡ A horse contracted in the [veins called] أَنْسَآء, [pl. of نَسًا,] as though they were braced, or made tense. (A,* TA.) See شَنِجٌ.
مَوْتُورٌ One who has his relation slain, and so is separated from him, and rendered solitary: (TA:) and one who has a person belonging to him, or related to him, slain, and has not obtained revenge, or retaliation, for his blood: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) a seeker of blood-revenge, or retaliation; one to whom belongs the revenging of blood, or retaliation. (TA.) [See an ex. voce ثَأْرٌ.]
مُتَواَتِرٌ Consecutive, but with small intervals: thus differing from مُتَدَارِكٌ and مَتَتَابِعٌ. (Lḥ, M. [But see تَتَابَعَ.]) You say, جَاؤُوا مُتَوَاتِرِينَ: explained above, voce تَتْرَى. (M, Ḳ.) خَبَرٌ مُتَوَاتِرٌ Tidings, or a narration, told, or related, by one from another: (T:) or by one after another. (TA.)
وَتَرَةٌ The vein (عِرْق [meaning the frenum]) that is in the inner side (بَاطِن) of the glans of the penis. (Ṣ, Ḳ, and Zj, in his “Khalk el-Insán.”)
مَوْتُورٌ: see voce ثَأْرٌ.