قمش قمص قمط
قَمَصَ, aor. ـُ (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ـِ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. قَمْصٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and قِمَاصٌ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ, or this is a simple subst., Mṣb,) and قُمَاصٌ, (M, Ḳ, or this last is not allowable, Ṣ,) He (a horse or other animal, Ṣ, A, Ḳ, or a camel, Mṣb) raised his fore legs together and put them down together, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) on being mounted or ridden, (Mṣb,) and beat the ground (عَجَنَ) with his hind feet; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) like اِسْتَنَّ; (Ṣ;) as alsoقمّص↓: (A:) or قُمَاصٌ, with damm, is the inf. n. when it signifies he did so usually: (Ḳ:) and, inf. n. قِمَاصٌ and قُمَاصٌ, he pranced, leaped, sprang, or bounded: (M, Ḳ:) and, inf. n. قِمَاصٌ, ‡ he was, or became, restless, unquiet, or unsteady, (Ḳ, TA,) and took fright, and ran away at random, or shied: (TA:) and, inf. n. قُمَاصٌ, † it (a bird of the kind called نُغَر) remained not steadily in a place, but leaped from its place impatiently: and, inf. n. قَمْصٌ, † he took fright, and ran away at random, or shied, and turned aside or away. (TA.) You say, هٰذِهِ الدَّابَّةُ فِيهَا قِمَاصٌ; you should not say قُمَاصٌ; (Ṣ;) or you say قُمَاصٌ also; (TA;) and قَمَاصٌ, which last is the most chaste; (L, TA;) This beast has in her a property of raising and putting down her fore legs together, and beating the ground with her hind legs. (Ṣ.) And it is said in a proverb, (Ṣ,) مَا بِالعَيْرِ مِنْ قِمَاصٍ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and قُمَاصٍ; (Ṣgh, TA; and so, as well as قِمَاصٍ, in two copies of the Ṣ;) i. e. الحِمَار; (Ṣ;) [There is not in the ass any power of raising and putting down his fore legs together, &c.;] applied to him who has become low, or mean, after being high, in rank, or condition; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) and to a weak man, in whom is no activity: (A, Ḳ:) or, as the proverb is related by Sb, أَفَلَا قُمَاصَ بِالعَيْرِ [Is there not, then, any power &c. in the ass?] (M, TA.) And in a trad., فَقَمَصَتْ بِهِ فَصَرَعَتْهُ And it leaped, or sprang, or bounded, and took fright, and ran away at random, or shied, with him, and threw him down. (TA.) You also say,قَمَّصَتِ↓ النَّاقَةُ بِالرَّدِيفِ ‡ The she-camel went briskly with the rider upon the hinder part. (A.) And قَمَصَ البَحْرُ بِالسَّفِينَةِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) orقَمَّصَ↓ بِهَا, (A,) ‡ The sea put the ship in a state of commotion (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) by the waves (Ṣ, A) thereof. (A.) And it is said in a trad., لَتَقْمِصَنَّ بِكُمُ الأَرْضُ قُمَاصَ النُّغَرِ † Verily the earth shall be in a state of commotion with you [like the commotion of the kind of bird called نغر]. (TA.) You say also, أَخَذَهُ القِمَاصُ ‡ Restlessness, or inquietude, or unsteadiness, seized him. (A, TA.) And, of a horse whose sciatic vein or nerve is contracted, (شَنِجَ, [not شبح as in Freytag's Lexicon,]) قَمَصَتْ رِجْلُةُ [app. meaning, His hind leg became twitched up, as in springhalt]: in which case you also say of him,إِنَّهُ لَقَامِصُ↓ العُرْقُوبِ [as though meaning, verily he has a twitching up of the hock]. (Ṣ, TA.) [See also عُسَافٌ.]
see 1, in three places.
قمّصهُ قَمِيصًا He clad him with a قميص [or shirt]: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and قمّصهُ ثَوْبًا [he clad him with a garment as a shirt]. (A.) [Hence] you say, قمّصهُ ٱللّٰهُ وَشْىَ الخِلَافَةِ ‡ [God invested him with the variegated robe of the office of Khaleefeh]. (A.) And it is said in a trad., (Ḳ, TA,) that Moḥammad said to ʼOthmán, (TA,) إِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ سَيُقَمِّصُكَ قَمِيصًا, meaning ‡ Verily God will invest thee with the apparel of the office of Khaleefeh, (Ḳ, TA,) and will ennoble and adorn thee like as he is ennobled and adorned who has a robe of honour conferred upon him. (TA.)
قمّص الثَّوْبَ, (inf. n. تَقْمِيصٌ, TA,) He cut out a قَمِيص [or shirt] from the piece of cloth. (Lḥ, M, A, TA.)
تقمّص فِى النَّهْرِ He turned over, and became immersed, in the river. (TA.)
تقمّص, (Ḳ,) or تقمّص قَمِيصًا, (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb,) He clad himself with a قميص [or shirt]. (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ.) [Hence] you say, تقمّص الإِمَارَةَ and الوِلَايَةَ ‡ [He became invested with the office of commander, prefect, or the like]. (TA.) And تقمّص لِبَاسَ العِزِّ ‡ [He became invested with might, or nobility]. (A, TA.)
تقامص الصِّبْيَانُ [app., The boys contended in leaping, springing, or bounding, raising both the legs together and putting them down together]: and بَيْنَهُمْ مُقَامَصَةٌ [between them is a contending in leaping, &c.]. (A, TA.)
إِنَّهُ لَحَسَنُ القِمْصَةِ [Verily he has a good mode of attiring himself with the shirt]. (Lḥ, M.)
قِمِصَّى i. q. قُِمَاصٌ, i. e. A leaping, springing, or bounding: (Kr, M:) or i. q. قِبِصَّى, (Ḳ,) i. e. a quick run. (Fr, TA.)
قَمَاصٌ and قُمَاصٌ and قِمَاصٌ: see 1, passim.
قَمُوصٌ A beast of carriage that leaps, springs, or bounds, (تَقْمِصُ, Ḳ, i. e. تَثِبُ, TA,) with its master; as alsoقَمِيصٌ↓; (Ḳ;) likewise signifying a hackney (بِرْذَوْن) that leaps, &c., much. (TA.)
‡ Restless; unquiet; that does not remain steadily in a place. (Ḳ,* TA.)
† The lion: (IKh, L:) because he goes about in search of his prey. (TA.)
إِنَّهُ لَقَمُوصُ الحَنْجَرَةِ ‡ Verily he is a liar; (Kr, M, A;) as also غموص. (TA.)
قَمِيصٌ: see قَمُوصٌ.
[A shirt; a shift;] a certain thing that is worn, (Ṣ,) well known; (M, Ḳ;) accord. to El-Keiyim Ibn-El-Jezeree, and others, a sewed garment with two sleeves, not opened [down the front], worn beneath the [other] clothes; (TA;) accord. to El-Hulwánee, that of which the slit is towards, or to, the shoulder-joint; thus differing from a woman's دِرْع, of which the opening for the head to pass through extends towards, or to, the bosom; but this [says Mṭr] I find not in the lexicons: (Mgh, art. درع:) “or,” as in some copies of the Ḳ, but in others “and,” (TA,) only of cotton, (Ḳ,) or of linen; (TA;) not of wool: (Ṣgh, Ḳ:) or by this is app. meant that such is generally the case: (Ibn-El-Hajar El-Mekkee, TA:) accord. to some, it may be from the skin [so called] which is the pericardium; [but accord. to Z, the reverse is the case;] or from تَقَيَّصَ signifying “he turned himself over:” (TA:) sometimes fem.: (Ḳ:) or masc.; but sometimes meaning a coat of mail (دِرْعٌ), and then it is fem.: (M, TA:)pl. [of pauc.] أَقْمِصَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and [of mult.] قُمْصَانٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and قُمُصٌ. (M, Mṣb, Ḳ.) In a trad. mentioned above, (see 2,) it is used tropically. (TA.)
† The membrane that encloses a child in the womb. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
Also, (Ḳ,) or قَمِيصُ القَلْبِ, (A,) ‡ The pericardium: (IAạr, Ḳ:) or the latter signifies the fat of the heart; app. as being likened to the garment above mentioned: (M:) [and, by a synecdoche, the heart itself, with its appertenances: see an ex. in a verse cited in art. سود, conj. 9.] You say, هَتَكَ الخَوْفُ قَمِيصَ قَلْبِهِ ‡ [Fear rent open his pericardium, or the fat of his heart]. (A, TA.)
قَمَّاصٌ A seller of قُمْصَان [or shirts]. (TA.)
قَامِصٌ: see 1, of which it is the act. part. n.: and see an ex. voce مَوْقُوصٌ.
Kicking; striking with the foot. (TA.)
قَامِصُ العُرْقُوبِ: see 1, last signification.