قدر قدس قدع
قَدَسَ فِى الأَرْضِ He went far away into the land, or country. (Bḍ, ii. 28.)
قَدُسَ, aor. ـُ, (TḲ,) inf. n. قُدْسٌ and قُدُسٌ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) said of a thing, (TḲ,) It was, or became, [holy, accord. to the most common usage, or] pure. (Ṣ,* A,* Ḳ,* TḲ.) [It may also be said of God, as meaning, emphatically, He is holy.]
قدّسهُ, (A,) inf. n. تَقْدِيسٌ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) [He hallowed, or sanctified, him or it: he consecrated him or it].
He declared Him (namely God, M, A) to be far removed, or free, from every impurity or imperfection, or from everything derogatory from his glory; (M;) he declared Him to be far removed from evil; [i. e., to be holy;] and so قدّس لَهُ; from قَدَسَ فِى الأَرْضِ, explained above; (Bḍ, ii. 28;) the ل, in the latter case, being redundant. (Jel, ii. 28.)
He purified him or it; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, Bḍ, ubi supra;) because he who purifies a thing removes it far from unclean things. (Bḍ.) Accord. to Zj, وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ, in the Ḳur, ii. 28, means, And we purify ourselves, and those who obey Thee, for, or towards, Thee. (TA.)
He blessed him. You say, لَا قَدَّسَهُ ٱللّٰهُ May God not bless him. (IAạr, M.)
تَقْدِيسٌ also signifies The praying for a blessing. (M.) [You say, app., قَدَّسَ لَهُ, meaning, He prayed for a blessing for him.]
Also قدّس He came [or went] to بَيْت المَقْدِس [i. e. Jerusalem]; like كَوَّفَ [he came or went to El-Koofeh] and بَصَّرَ [he came or went to El-Basrah]. (A.)
تقدّس [He, or it, was, or became, hallowed, or sanctified: he, or it, was, or became, consecrated].
He (God, Mṣb) was far, or far removed, or free, [or clear,] from every impurity or imperfection, or from everything derogatory from his glory; [i. e., He was holy;] or He removed himself far from every impurity or imperfection, &c.: (Mṣb, TA:) he, or it, was, or became, purified; or he purified himself. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
قُدْسٌ andقُدُسٌ↓ [Holiness, sanctity:] purity: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) [each] a subst. as well as an inf. n.: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) the former a contraction of the latter. (Mṣb.)
Hence, (Ṣ,) حَظِيرَةُ القُدْسِ, orالقُدُسِ↓, [The Enclosure of Holiness or Purity;] i. e., Paradise. (Ṣ, A.)
[Hence, also,]رُوحُ القُدُسِ↓, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and رُوحُ القُدْسِ, accord. to the reading of Ibn-Ketheer, (Bḍ, ii. 81,) [The Spirit of Holiness or Purity; properly applied to The Holy Spirit, The Third Person of the Trinity, in Christian theology; generally, but incorrectly, called by the Eastern Christians among the Arabs الرُّوحُ القُدُسُ: but accord. to the Muslims,] Jibreel [i. e. Gabriel, the Archangel]; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ; and Bḍ, ubi supra;) as also القُدْسُ and القُدُسُ: (Ḳ, TA:) or the Spirit of Jesus: or the Gospel: or the most great name of God, by which Jesus used to raise to life the dead: (Bḍ, ubi supra:) or God's protection and direction. (A.) You say, رُوحُ القُدُسِ مَعَكَ, and مُعِينُكَ, Gabriel, or God's protection and direction, be with thee, and be thine aider. (A.)
قُدْسٌ orقُدُسٌ↓ also signifies Blessing. (M, TA.)
Also, القُدْسُ andالقُدُسُ↓ i. q. البَيْتُ المُقَدَّسُ, q. v. (Ḳ,) or بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ. (A.)
Andأَرْضُ القُدُسِ↓ [or ارض القُدْسِ] i. q. الارض المُقَدَّسَةُ. (TA.)
قَدَسٌ A [vessel of the kind called] سَطْل; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) of the dial. of the people of El-Ḥijáz; so called because one purifies himself in it, (Ṣ, TA,) and with it. (TA.)
قُدُسٌ: see قُدْسٌ, throughout.
حَدِيثٌ قُدْسِيٌّ [A holy tradition or narration]: see art. حدث.
القُدُّوسُ (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and القَدُّوسُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) applied to God, (Ṣ, M, A, &c.,) as alsoالمُتَقَدِّسُ↓ (M, A) andالمُقَدَّسُ↓; (A;) [all of which are nearly syn.;] القدّوس signifies [The All-holy, All-pure, or All-perfect;] He who is far removed from every imperfection or impurity, or from everything derogatory from his glory; (M, Mṣb;) as also المتقدّس [but not in an intensive degree]; (M;) and المقدّس signifies the same as this last; (T, TA;) or from faults and defects: (TA:) or the Pure; (Ṣ,* Ḳ;) [or the Very Pure:] or the Blessed; (Ibn-El-Kelbee, Ḳ;) [or the Greatly Blessed:] Sb used to say قَدُّوسٌ and سَبُّوحٌ, with fet-ḥ to the first letter of each: (Ṣ:) Th says, (Ṣ,) every noun of the measure فعُّول is with fet-ḥ to the first letter, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) like سَفُّودٌ and كَلُّوبٌ &c., (Ṣ,) except سُبُّوحٌ and قُدُّوسٌ (Ṣ) and ذُرُّوحٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, but not as from Th,) and in the Ḳ is added فُرُّوجٌ; (TA;) [see سُبُّوحٌ] for these are mostly with damm, though sometimes with fet-ḥ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:*) Lḥ says, all agree in pronouncing سبّوح and قدّوس with damm, though fet-ḥ is allowable; (M;) but Az denies this agreement: (TA:) and Lḥ adds, that all other words of the measure فعُّول are with fet-ḥ. (M.)
بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ: see مُقَدَّسٌ.
مُقَدَّسٌ [Hallowed, or sanctified: consecrated: purified:] blessed. (M.)
المُقَدَّسُ, applied to God: see القُدُّوسُ.
البَيْتُ المُقَدَّسُ, (Ḳ,) and بَيْتُ المُقَدَّسِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and [more commonly]بَيْتُ المَقْدِسِ↓, (M, A, Ḳ,) which [i. e. المَقْدِس] is either formed from مُقَدَّسٌ by rejecting the augmentative letter, or is a subst. not formed from a verb, like as Sb says of المَنْكِبُ, (M,) [signifying The hallowed, or consecrated, or purified, or blessed, dwelling; or the dwelling of the hallowed, &c.; are appellations of Jerusalem;] also called القُدْسُ↓ [which is the name generally given to it in the present day] andالقُدُسُ↓; (A, Ḳ;) because one is purified therein from sins, or because of the blessing that is therein. (TA.)
الأَرْضُ المُقَدَّسَةُ The [hallowed, or consecrated, or] purified land; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) or the pure land; (Fr;) or the blessed land; (IAạr;) is an appellation of Damascus and Palestine and part of the Jordan: (Fr:) or Syria: (M:) andأَرْضُ القُدُسِ↓ [orأَرْضُ القُدْسِ↓] signifies the same. (TA.)
مُقَدِّسٌ A Christian monk [or any Christian or a Jew] who comes [or goes or performs pilgrimage or has performed pilgrimage] to القُدْس or بَيْت المَقْدِس [i. e. Jerusalem]: (A:) or a Christian monk: (Ḳ:) or a [learned Jew or other, such as is called] حَبْر. (M, TA.) Imra-el-Ḳeys says, describing dogs and a [wild] bull,
* فَأَدْرَكْنَهُ يَأْخُذْنَ بِالسَّاقِ وَالنَّسَا ** كَمَا شَبْرَقَ الوِلْدَانُ ثَوْبَ المُقَدِّسِ *
And they (the dogs) overtook him, (namely, the bull,) seizing the shank and the sciatic vein, and tearing his skin, as the children of the Christians tear the garment of the monk that has come from بَيْت المَقْدِس, [or Jerusalem] for the purpose of obtaining a blessing from it: thus the verse is found in the handwriting of Aboo-Sahl; but in all the copies of the Ṣ, we find ثَوْبَ المُقَدَّسِى, with ى. (TA.)
مَقْدِسِىٌّ and مُقَدَّسِىٌّ Of, or relating to, or belonging to, بَيْت المَقْدِس or بَيْت المُقَدَّس [i. e. Jerusalem]: a Jew. (Ṣ.)
المُتَقَدِّسُ: see القُدُّوسُ.
قَادُوسٌ (pl. قَوَادِيسُ) An earthen or wooden pot of a water-wheel. (PU.)