فرعن فرغ فرفخ
1. ⇒ فرغ
فَرَغَ, [aor. ـُ
[Hence,] فَرَغَ (O,* Ḳ,* TA) said of a man, (TA,) [and app. فَرِغَ also, as below,] inf. n. فُرُوغٌ, ‡ He died; (O, Ḳ, TA;) because his body became devoid of his soul, or spirit. (TA.)
And فَرَغَ مِنَ الشُّغْلِ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,*) aor. ـُ
[And hence, فَرَغَ مِنَ الأَمْرِ He ceased from, ended, or finished, the affair.]
And فَرَغَ لَهُ and إِلَيْهِ, (O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) aor. ـُ
فَرِغَ المَآءُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ
فَرُغَ, [aor. ـُ
فَرُغَتِ الضَّرْبَةُ ‡ The [wound made by a] stroke, or blow, was wide; (O, Ḳ, TA;) likened to the فَرْغ of the leathern bucket. (TA.)
And فَرَاغَةٌ (as an inf. n. of which the verb is فَرُغَ, TḲ) signifies The being impatient, and disquieted or disturbed or agitated. (O, Ḳ.)
فَرَغَ as trans.: see 4.
2. ⇒ فرّغ
فَرَّغْتُهُ I made it empty, vacant, void, devoid, destitute, or unoccupied; as alsoأَفْرَغْتُهُ↓. (Mṣb.) تَفْرِيغُ الظُّرُوفِ signifies The making the receptacles empty. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) And some read [in the Ḳur xxxiv. 22], حَتَّى إِذَا فُرِّغَ عَنْ قُلُوبِهِمْ, (O, TA,) expl. as meaning Until, when their hearts shall be made void of fear, or fright: or, accord. to IJ, فُرِّغَ and فُزِّعَ and ٱفْرَنْقَعَ [which are all mentioned as readings in the same passage] have one meaning. (TA. [See 2 in art. فزع.])
[Hence one says, فرّغهُ لِكَذَا He made him to be, or become, or he left him, vacant from, devoid of, or free from, business, occupation, or employment; or made him to be unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure; so that he might apply himself exclusively to such a thing.]
4. ⇒ افرغ
see 2, first sentence.
افرغهُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِفْرَاغٌ and مُفْرَغٌ, (O,) signifies [also] He poured it out, or forth; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) namely, water [&c.]; (Ṣ;) as alsoفرّغهُ↓, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَفْرِيغٌ; (Ṣ, O;) and افرغ likewise signifies he poured forth blood; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) andفَرَغَ↓ عَلَيْهِ المَآءَ, meaning he poured out, or forth, upon him, the water, is mentioned by Th, who has cited as an ex.,
* فَرَغْنَ الهَوَى فِى القَلْبِ ثُمَّ سَقَيْنَهُ ** صُبَابَاتِ مَآءِ الحُزْنِ بِالأَعْيُنِ النُّجْلِ *
[They (referring to women) poured desirous love into the heart; then they gave him to drink the remains of the water of grief, by looking with the wide eyes: but perhaps فَرَغْنَ is here used for فَرَّغْنَ, by poetic license, for the sake of the metre]: (TA:) إِفْرَاغَةٌ signifies A single act of إِفْرَاغ; and hence the trad. كَانَ يُفْرِغُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ ثَلَاثَ إِفْرَاغَاتٍ [He used to pour upon his head three pourings]. (TA.)
[Hence,] رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا, in the Ḳur [ii. 251 and vii. 123], means ‡ O our Lord, pour forth upon us patience, like as [the water of] the leathern bucket is poured forth: (O, TA:) or send down upon us patience (Mṣb,* TA) that shall envelop us: (TA:) or أَفْرَغَ ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ الصَّبْرَ means † God inspired him with patience. (Mṣb in art. ربط.)
[Hence, also,] أَفْرَغَ عَلَيْهِ ذَنُوبًا [lit. He poured forth upon him a bucketful of water] means ‡ he talked with him of that in consequence of which he was confounded, or perplexed, by shame. (TA.)
افرغ also signifies He poured metal, such as gold and silver, &c., in a molten state, into a mould. (TA.) And He cast a thing, i. e. formed it by pouring molten metal into a mould. (Mṣb. [See its pass. part. n., مُفْرَغٌ.])
And افرغ عِنْدَ الجِمَاعِ He poured forth his مَآء [or sperma] on the occasion of جماع. (TA.)
5. ⇒ تفرّغ
تفرّغ He was, or became, or he made himself to be, vacant from, devoid of, or free from, business, occupation, or employment; unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure; syn. تَخَلَّى مِنَ الشُّغْلِ. (O, Ḳ.) [See also فَرَغَ مِنَ الشُّغْلِ.] Hence the trad. of the Prophet, تَفَرَّغُوا مِنْ هُمُومِ الدُّنْيَا مَا ٱسْتَطَعْتُمْ [Be ye, or make yourselves to be, vacant, or free, from the anxieties of the present state of existence as much as ye are able]. (O.)
And تَفَرَّغْتُ لِكَذَا [I was, or became, or I made myself to be, vacant, or free, from business, occupation, or employment; or unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure; for such a thing: and I applied myself exclusively to such a thing]: (Ṣ: [these meanings are there indicated, but not expressed; and are well known:]) one says, تفرّغ لِلْعِبَادَةِ [He applied himself exclusively to religious service]: (Mṣb in art. بتل:) and تَفَرَّغْتُ لِلْأَمْرِ means [also, simply,] تَصَدَّيْتُ لَهُ [i. e. I addressed, or applied, or directed, myself, or my regard, or attention, or mind, to the affair]. (Mṣb in art. صد.) [See also فَرَغَ لَهُ and إِلَيْهِ.]
And تفرّغ بِهِ signifies تَخَلَّى بِهِ [meaning He confined himself exclusively to it; or contented himself with it exclusively of other things]. (Ḳ and TA in art. خلو.)
8. ⇒ افترغ
اِفْتَرَغْتُ I poured forth upon myself (Ṣ, O) water: (Ṣ:) [and so افترغت عَلَى نَفْسِى; for one says,] رَأَيْتُهُ يَغْتَرِفُ المَآءَ ثُمَّ يَفْتَرِغُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ [I saw him taking, or lading out, the water; then pouring it forth upon himself]. (A, TA.) And اِفْتَرَغْتُ لِنَفْسِى مَآءً I poured out for myself water. (O, Ḳ.)
10. ⇒ استفرغ
استفرغِ [He drew forth water, &c.]. One says, استفرغ مَا فِى الرَّاوِيَةِ مِنَ المَآءِ [He drew forth what was in the leathern water-bag, or pair of leathern water-bags, of water]. (TA in art. عزل.) El-Akhtal said respecting Esh-Shaabee, meaning to denote the largeness of the latter's retentive faculty, أَنَا أَسْتَفْرِغُ مِنْ إِنَآءٍ وَاحِدٍ وَهُوَ يَسْتَفْرِغُ مِنْ أَوَانِىَ شَتَّى ‡ [I draw from one vessel, and he draws from divers vessels]. (TA.)
Also He vomited intentionally; or constrained himself to vomit: (O, Ḳ:) thus it signifies in the conventional language of the physicians. (O.)
اِسْتَفْرَغَ فُلَانٌ مَا فِى صَحْفَتِهِ is a prov., meaning Such a one [exhausted, or] chose for himself, as his share, [the whole of] what was in his صحفة [or large bowl]. (TA in art. صحف.)
And one says, استفرغ فُلَانٌ مَجْهُودَهُ ‡ Such a one exhausted his power, or ability; or exerted it unsparingly, or to the utmost; (Ṣ,* O, Mṣb,* Ḳ,* TA;) فِى كَذَا [in such a thing]. (Ṣ, TA.)
فَرْغٌ Width, breadth, or ampleness. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
And The place whence the water pours forth, between the cross-pieces of wood (العَرَاقِى), of the leathern-bucket; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as alsoفِرَاغٌ↓: (Ḳ: [expl. in the O as signifying the side of the leathern bucket from which the water pours forth:]) pl. of the former فُرُوغٌ (TA) and مَفَارِغُ, [which is anomalous, like مَشَابِهُ and مَحَاسِنُ, &c.,] (A, TA,) or this is pl. ofمَفْرَغٌ↓. (TA.)
Hence الفَرْغَانِ, (Ṣ, O,) فَرْغُ الدَّلْوِ المُقَدَّمُ and فَرْغُ الدَّلْوِ المُؤَخَّرُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) or الفَرْغُ الأَوَّلُ and الفَرْغُ الثَّانِى, (Ḳzw,) Two of the Mansions of the Moon, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) the Twenty-sixth Mansion and the Twentyseventh; four stars, wide apart, forming the corners of a square, or four-sided figure; (Ḳzw;) each consisting of two stars, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, and Ḳzw,) of two bright stars, (Ṣ,) the apparent distance between each two stars being the measure of five cubits, (Ṣ, O, L,) or the measure of a spear; (Ḳ;) [see ذِرَاعٌ and رُمْحٌ; the former pair consists of the stars a and b of Pegasus; and the latter, of g in Pegasus together with the bright star in the head of Andromeda; as is shown by what here follows:] the Arabs name الدَّلْوُ the four bright stars in Pegasus which form a square, or four-sided figure; i. e., that at the extremity of the neck, which is called مَتْنُ الفَرَسِ, and that which is called مَنْكِبُ الفَرَسِ, and that which is called جَنَاحُ الفَرَسِ, and the star that belongs to both Pegasus and Andromeda: (Ḳzw, descr. of Pegasus:) [these two pairs of stars are what are commonly known as the فَرْغَانِ; and are plainly indicated by the periods assigned to the auroral settings thereof: but the periods assigned to their auroral risings would lead us to apply the appel-lation of the فرغان to some other stars, not easily determinable, in Aquarius: see نَوْءٌ: and see also مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل.] The pl. الفُرُوغُ is said to be applied to The فَرْغَانِ with the stars around them: (O, TA:) and (accord. to El-Jumahee, O, TA) الفُرُوغُ [in the CK erroneously written الفَرُوغُ] signifies [The constellation called] الجَوْزَآءُ. (O, Ḳ, TA. [But see فُرُوعُ الجَوْزَآءِ, in art. فرع.])
فَرْغٌ also signifies A vessel in which is [the exuded, or expressed, juice termed] دِبْس, (O, Ḳ,) and صَقْر. (O.)
Also Land affected with drought, or barrenness. (IB, TA.)
فِرْغٌ: see فَارِغٌ.
ذَهَبَ دَمُهُ فِرْغًا andفَرْغًا↓ mean His blood went for nothing, as a thing of no account, unretaliated, and uncompensated by a mulct, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) and retaliation for it was not sought: (Ṣ, O:) and in like manner one says, ذَهَبَتْ دِمَاؤُهُمْ فِرغًا [Their bloods went for nothing,, &c.]. (Z, TA.) Hence, in the Ḳur xxviii. 9, accord. to one reading, وَأَصْبَحَ فُؤَادُ أُمِّ مُوسَى فِرْغًا (Ksh and Bḍ) i. e. And the heart, or mind, of the mother of Moses became [as though it were] a thing that was lost, or that had gone away. (Ksh. [See فَارِغٌ.])
فَرِغٌ: see فَارِغٌ, first quarter.
فُرُغٌ i. q. مُفَرَّغٌ [Made empty, vacant, void,, &c.]: (O, TA:) so in the phrase إِنَآءٌ فُرُغٌ [An emptied vessel]: (TA:) and so in the saying [in the Ḳur xxviii. 9], accord. to the reading of Kh, وَأَصْبَحَ فُؤَادُ أُمِّ مُوسَى فُرُغًا [And the heart of the mother of Moses became rendered void of patience, or of anxiety, &c.: see فَارِغٌ]. (O, TA.)
Applied to a bow, as alsoفِرَاغٌ↓, it means Without a string: or, as some say, without an arrow. (TA.)
فَرْغَان [whether with or without tenween is not shown] A wide, or capacious, vessel. (TA.)
فَرَاغٌ [generally mentioned as an inf. n., and much used as such; but accord. to the Mṣb, a simple subst.: as a simple subst., it means Emptiness, vacancy, or vacuity,, &c.:]
[and vacancy, or freedom, from business, &c.; or contr. of شُغْلٌ, as is said in the Ḳ, in art. شغل: and cessation from an affair:]
[&c.: see 1].
[بَيْتُ الفَرَاغِ means The privy.]
فِرَاغٌ A great bowl, that cannot be carried: pl. أَفْرِغَةٌ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ.)
A wide, or capacious, large, watering-trough, of hides. (Aṣ, O, Ḳ.)
A vessel (IAạr, T, O, Ḳ) of any kind. (IAạr, T, O.)
An udder. (O.)
The half of a load, such as is on either of the two sides of a camel: (AA, O, Ḳ:) so in the dial. of Teiyi. (AA, O.)
See also فَرْغٌ, second sentence.
[As a pl.,] Valleys, or torrent-beds: from IAạr, who has not mentioned a sing. thereof, nor the derivation. (TA.)
And [probably as pl. ofفَرِيغٌ↓, agreeably with analogy,] Broad نِصَال [or arrow-heads; the word نصال being app. understood]. (O, Ḳ.)
[As a sing. epithet,] A she-camel having no brand, or mark made with a hot iron. (TA.)
Also A she-camel having much milk, ample in the integument of the udder. (AZ, O, L, Ḳ.)
And A bow of which the arrowhead makes a wide wound: or of which the arrow goes far. (O, Ḳ.)
And see the next paragraph, in two places.
فَرِيغٌ Broad, or wide. (TA.) See فِرَاغٌ. [Hence,] ضَرْبَةٌ فَرِيغٌ (Ṣ) or فَرِيغَةٌ (O, Ḳ) ‡ A wide [wound made by a] stroke, or blow; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA;) likened to the فَرْغ of the leathern bucket: (TA:) andطَعْنَةٌ فَرْغَآءُ↓, likewise, signifies ‡ a wide [wound made by a] piercing [with a spear, &c.], (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) of which the blood flows. (TA.)
And فَرِيغَةٌ ‡ A مَزَادَة [or leathern water-bag] that takes in much water; (O, Ḳ, TA;) as though having فَرْغ, i. e. width. (TA.)
And فرِيغٌ signifies also ‡ Land, or ground, that is even, or flat, as though it were a road, (O, Ḳ, TA,) and wide: (TA:) or that is marked by much treading: to such Aboo-Kebeer El-Hudhalee likens the whiteness of the أَثْر, i. e. فِرِنْد, of a sword. (O, TA.)
And ‡ A horse wide in step, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) easy, or good, and quick, in pace; as alsoفِرَاغٌ↓: (O, Ḳ, TA:) or swift and excellent, wide in step: or quick in pace, wide in step, applied to a horse or the like; and soفِرَاغٌ↓, applied to an ass, and likewise to a man: and, accord. to Z, فَرِيغٌ applied to an ass signifies wide in step. (TA.)
Also Sharp, applied to an arrow, and likewise to a knife. (TA.) And † Sharp-tongued, applied to a man. (TA.)
فُرَاغَةٌ The sperma of a man. (Ṣ, ISd, Ḳ.)
فَارِغٌ Empty, vacant, void, devoid, destitute, or unoccupied; syn. خَالٍ; as in the phrase إِنَآءٌ فارِغٌ [an empty vessel]: (O, TA:) and likewise applied to a man, (O, TA,*) meaning vacant from, devoid of, or free from, business, occupation, or employment; (Ḳ,* TA;) as alsoفَرِغٌ↓: (O, Ḳ, TA:) [and often, used elliptically, meaning vacant from, devoid of, or free from, business, &c., and care or anxiety or disquietude; unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure:] andأَفْرَغُ↓ is syn. with فَارِغٌ; (O, Ḳ;) as in the phrase, of Ru-beh, مَا المَشْغُولُ مِثْلُ الأَفْرَغِ [The busied is not like the free from business]: (O, TA:) [فُرَّاغٌ is pl. of فَارِغٌ: and] فِرْغٌ↓ is syn. with فُرَّاغٌ; (O, Ḳ; [in the former, as is often the case, the sign of teshdeed in this word has been carelessly omitted; and in the CK, الفرَغُ is put for الفُرَّاغُ, and has been erroneously supposed to be for الفَرَاغُ;]) for ex., Tuleyhah Ibn-Khuweylid El-Asadee says, in relation to the slaying of his brother's son, Hibál Ibn-Selemeh Ibn-Khuweylid,
* فَمَا ظَنُّكُمْ بِالقَوْمِ إِذْ تَقْتُلُونَهُمْ ** أَلَيْسُوا وَإِنْ لَمْ يُسْلِمُوا بِرِجَالِ ** فَإِنْ تَكُ أَذْوَادٌ أُصِبْنَ وَنِسْوَةٌ ** فَلَنْ تَذْهَبُوا فِرْغًا بِقَتْلِ حِبَالِ *
[And what is your opinion of the party when ye slay them? Are they not (though they have not become Muslims) men? And if some small numbers of camels have been smitten (and carried off). and some women, ye will not go away free from care by reason of the slaying of Hibál]. (O, TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [xxviii. 9], وَأَصْبَحَ فؤَادُ أُمِّ مُوسَى فَارِغًا, meaning And the heart, or mind, of the mother of Moses became devoid of patience: or devoid of everything except remembering of Moses: or devoid of anxiety; because of God's having promised to restore him to her, (O, TA,) by words in the next but one of the preceding verses. (O.) [See also another reading voce فِرْغٌ; and another, voce فُرُغٌ.] And it is said in a form of prayer, اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّى أَسْأَلُكَ العَيْشِ الرَّافِغِ وَالمَالَ الفَارِغَ [O God, I ask of Thee ample, or abundant, and pleasant, or good, means of subsistence, and cattle free from labour]. (TA.) And one says, فُلَانٌ فَارِغٌ مَشْغُولٌ, meaning † Such a one is devoted to that which is unprofitable. (TA in art. شغل.) And هٰذَا كَلَامٌ فَارِغٌ ‡ [This is empty talk or language]. (TA.)
أَفْرَغُ [More, and most, empty, &c.: and more, and most, free from business, &c.]. أَفْرَغُ مِنْ فُؤَادِ أُمِّ مُوسَى [More void than the heart, or mind, of the mother of Moses] is a prov. (Meyd. [See فَارِغٌ, latter half.]) See also another prov., voce حَجَّامٌ.
Also i. q. فَارِغٌ, q. v.: (O, Ḳ:) fem. فَرْغَآءُ: see فَرِيغٌ.
مَفْرَغٌ A place of pouring out or forth: (O, TA:) and [particularly] the part of the leathern bucket that is next to the fore part of the wateringtrough. (TA.) See فَرْغٌ, second sentence.
Also i. q. سيلان [app. سَيَلَانٌ i. e. The flowing of water, &c.; as an inf. n. of فَرِغَ said of water]. (TA.)
دِرْهَمٌ مُفْرَغٌ A dirhem [cast, i. e.] poured into a mould; not مَضْرُوب [coined or minted]. (TA.) And حَلْقَةٌ مُفْرَغَةٌ A ring that is solid (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA) in the sides [that compose the round], (Ṣ, O,) and [continuous,] not cut. (TA.) One says, هُمْ كَٱلْحَلْقَةِ المُفْرَغَةِ لَا يُدْرَى أَيْنَ طَرَفَاهَا [They are like the solid and continuous ring, of which it is not known where are the two ends]: (A, TA:) a prov., applied to a company of men united in words and action. (TA in art. حلق.)
مُفْرَغٌ is also an inf. n. of أَفْرَغَهُ [q. v.]. (O.)
مُسْتَفْرِغَةٌ A she-camel having much milk. (O, Ḳ. [See also فِرَاغٌ.])
And مُسْتَفْرِغٌ ‡ A horse that does not reserve aught of his run [i. e. of his power of running, for the time of need; that exhausts his power thereof]. (O, Ḳ, TA.)