فذ فر فرأ
1. ⇒ فرّ
فَرَّ, aor. ـِ
فَرَّ مِنْ عَدُوِهِ, aor. as above, inf. n. فَرٌّ, He wheeled about widely from his enemy, to turn again. (Mṣb.)
And فَرَّ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ He went, or betook himself, to the thing. (Mṣb.)
And [hence] فَرَّتْ يَدُهُ His arm, or hand, fell off; like طَرَّتْ and تَرَّتْ. (O.)
فَرَّ الفَرَسَ, (Ṣ, O,) or الدَّابَّةَ, (M, Ḳ,)) aor. ـُ
* إِنَّ الجَوَادَ عَيْنُهُ فُرَارُهُ *
(Ṣ, M,* Meyd, Ḳ,*) and فِرَارُهُ, (M, Meyd, Ḳ,) and فَرَارُهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) sometimes thus pronounced with fet-ḥ, (Ṣ,) ‡ [Verily the fleet and excellent horse, his aspect (see عَيْنٌ) is (equivalent to) the examination of his teeth, i. e. he is known by his aspect], is a prov., applied to him whose external state indicates his internal qualities; (Meyd, O, Ḳ;) meaning that one knows his excellence from his عَيْن [i. e. aspect] like as one knows the age of a beast by examining his teeth; (TA;) his external appearance rendering it needless for thee to test him, (Ṣ, Meyd, O, Ḳ,) and to examine (أَنْ تَفُرَّ) his teeth: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) and [with the same meaning] one says, فَرُّ الجَوَادِ عَيْنُهُ: (A, TA:) and [in like manner] الخَبِيثُ عَينُهُ فُرِاَرُهُ [The bad, his aspect, &c.]; (Meyd, O, TA;) i. e. thou knowest his badness by his عَيْن when thou seest him. (TA.) And one says also, فَرَرْتُ فَمَ الفَرَسِ I opened the mouth of the horse that I might know his age. (Ḥar p. 28.) And فَرَّ عَنْ أَسْنَانِ الدَّابَّةِ, aor. ـِ
[Hence the saying of El-Hajjáj, فُرِرْتُ عَنْ ذَكَآءٍ, expl. in art. ذكو.] And [hence also] one says, فَرَّهُ عَنْ أَشْيَآءِ ‡ He examined him respecting things (O,* TA.) And فَرَّ الأَمْرَ, (M, TA,) and فَرَّ عَنِ الأَمْرِ, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ, TA,) ‡ He examined, looked into, scrutinized, or investigated, the affair; searched into it; inquired, or sought information, respecting it. (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ, TA.) And فَرَّ فُلَانٌ عَمَّا فِى نَفْسِى ‡ Such a one interrogated me in order that he might know, from what I should say, what was in my mind. (TA.)
And فُرَّ الأَمْرُ جَذَعًا † The thing returned to its first state; it recommenced. (M, O, Ḳ.) And فُرَّ الأَمْرَ جَذَعًا † Commence thou the affair from the first thereof. (M, in the TT. [But the MṢ. has in this case, as in that here immediately preceding, الامرُ: the right reading is evidently الامرَ; as in a similar phrase voce جَذَعٌ, q. v.])
فَرَّ, aor. يَفِرُّ or يَفَرُّ, (accord. to different copies of the T,) He became intelligent after being weak [in mind]. (IAạr, T, TA.)
3. ⇒ فارّ
فَارَرْتُهُ, inf. n. مُفَارَّةٌ, ‡ I investigated his state, or condition, he investigating mine. (TA.)
4. ⇒ افرّ
افرّهُ He, or it, made him to flee; (Ṣ, O;) or made him to turn away or aside, for the purpose of eluding, and to flee: (M, Ḳ:) or (O) he did to him a deed that made him to flee; (Fr, AO, T, M, O, Ḳ;) as also افرّبِهِ. (TA.) It is related in a trad. that the Prophet said to 'Adee the son of Ḥátim, مَا يُفِرُّكَ عَنِ الإِسْلَامِ إِلّا أَنْ يُقَالَ لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللّٰهُ (T, M, O, TA) i. e. Nothing induces thee to flee from El-Islám except the saying “There is no deity but God:” many of the relaters say يَفُرُّكَ; but Az says that the former is the right. (TA.)
Hence the saying, افرّٱللّٰهُ يَدَهُ God made, or may God make, his arm, or hand, to fall off; like أَطَرَّهَا and أَتَرَّهَا. (O.)
And أَفْرَرْتُ رَأْسَهُ I split, or clave, his head, with a sword; like أَفْرَيْتُهُ. (Yz, T, O, Ḳ.)
أَفَرَّتْ لِلْإِثْنَآءِ, said of camels, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) and of horses, (M, Ḳ,) They shed their milk-teeth and had others come forth. (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ.)
5. ⇒ تفرّر
تَفَرَّرَ بِى i. q. ضَحِكَ [He laughed at me, derided me, or ridiculed me]; (Ḳ, TA;) mentioned by Ṣgh. (TA.)
6. ⇒ تفارّ
تفارّوا They fled, one from another. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
8. ⇒ افترّ
افترّ He laughed in a beautiful manner, (M, Ḳ,) beyond what is termed اِنْكِلَال [inf. n. of اِنْكَلَّ, q. v.]. (M.) One says, افترَّ ضَاحِكًا He showed his teeth laughing; (Ṣ;) as also افتر عَنْ ثَغْرِهِ. (T.) It is said of the Prophet, الغَمَامِ وَيَفْتَرُّ عَنْ مِثْلِ حَبِّ meaning And he used to smile so as to show teeth the like of hail-stones, without a reiterated, or a loud, laughing. (T.)
Hence, (TA,) افترّ البَرْقُ † The lightning glistened. (M, Ḳ.) And hence the saying, الصَّرْفَهُ نَابُ الدَّهْرِ ٱلَّذِى يَفْتَرُّ عَنْهُ [Es-Sarfeh is the dog-tooth of time, or fortune, which it shows smiling]: for when Es-Sarfeh [which is the Twelfth Mansion of the Moon] rises, [but it should be, when it sets, aurorally, for it so set, in Central Arabia, about the commencement of the era of the Flight, on the 9th of March, O. Ṣ.,] the blossoms come forth and the herbage attains its full height. (M, L. [See more in art. صرف.])
Also He snuffed up a thing into his nose. (M, Ḳ.)
R. Q. 1. ⇒ فرفر
فَرْفَرَهُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. فَرْفَارٌ, (M,) or فِرْفَارٌ, (TA,) He put in a state of motion, commotion, or agitation; shook; or shook about; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) it, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or him. (M.) One says of a horse, يُفَرْفِرُ اللِّجَامَ فِى فِيهِ He puts in a state of motion,, &c., the bit in his mouth. (M. [See also an explanation of the verb as intrans., in what follows.])
He broke it, i. e. a thing. (M, Ḳ.)
He cut it. (Ḳ.)
He clave, split, slit, rent, or tore, it. (TA.) [Thus] فَرْفَرَ signifies He rent, or tore, [skins such as are termed] زِقَاق [pl. of زِقٌّ], and other things; (O, Ḳ, TA;) and slit, or rent, them much. (TA. [In two copies of the T, instead of الزِّقَاقَ وَغَيْرَهَا, the reading in the O and Ḳ and TA, I find الرُقاقَ وغيره.])
[He mangled it.] One says, الذِّئْبُ يُفَرْفِرُ الشَّاةَ The wolf mangles the sheep, or goat. (O,* TA.)
And, (O, Ḳ, TA,) hence, (O,) inf. n. فَرْفَرَةٌ, (TA,) † He defamed him, and mangled his reputation. (O, Ḳ, TA.)
And † He discommended it, [as though] mangling it with discommendation: the verb occurs in this sense in a trad., having for its object الدُّنْيَا [meaning the enjoyments, or good, of the present world]. (TA.)
Also, (inf. n. فَرْفَرَةٌ, TA,) He called or cried, or called out or cried out, to him. (M, Ḳ.)
فَرْفَرَ as intrans., He (a camel) put his body in a state of commotion, or agitation. (M, Ḳ.)
He (a horse) struck his teeth with the فأْس [q. v.] of his bit, and moved about his head. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
He hastened, or sped, and went with short steps. (M, O, Ḳ.)
He was light, and unsteady, (Ṣ,* M,* O,* Ḳ, TA,) in mind; (TA;) inf. n. فَرْفَرَةٌ. (Ṣ, M, O, TA.)
He hastened, or was hasty, with foolishness, or stupidity. (IAạr, T, TA.)
And He confounded, or confused, and was profuse, فِى كَلَامِهِ [in his speaking, or talking, or his speech, or talk]. (M, Ḳ.)
And [app. He talked; for] الفَرْفَرَةٌ signifies الكَلَامُ [which is often used as a quasi-inf. n. of كلّم]. (M.)
فَرْفَرَ also signifies He made the kind of vehicle called فَرْفَار. (T, Ḳ.)
And He kindled [a fire] with [wood of] the species of tree called فَرفَار. (T, Ḳ.)
فَرٌّ: see فَارٌّ, in two places.
فُرٌّ [The best, or choice, of men, &c.]. One says, هُوَ فُرٌّ قَوْمِهِ, (O,) or فُرٌّ القَوْمِ, (Ḳ,) andفُرَّتُهُمْ↓, (O, Ḳ,) He is of the best, or choice, of his people, or of the people, (O, Ḳ,) and of the chief persons thereof, (O, Ḳ,*) who show him smiling (اَلَّذِينَ يَفْتَرُّونَ↓ عَنْهُ, perhaps better rendered who withdraw from him so as to render him conspicuous): (O, Ḳ:) orهُوَفُرَّةٌ↓ قَوْمِهِ he is the best, or choice, of his people: (T:) andهٰذَا فُرَّةٌ↓ مَالِى, (T,) or مَالِهِ, (O,) this is the best, or choice, of my, or his, property, or camels, &c. (T, O.)
فُرَّةٌ andأُفُرَّةٌ↓ andأَفُرَّةٌ↓ The beginning, or first part, of the heat: (T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) or they signify, (T, Ṣ, M,) or signify also, (O, Ḳ,) the vehemence thereof: (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) but [Az says,] the second and third are in my opinion from أَفَرَ, the أ being the first radical letter: and Ks states that some change the أ into ع, saying عُفُرَّة and عَفُرَّة. (T.) مَا زَالَ فُلَانٌ فِى أُفُرَّةٍ↓ شَرٍّمِنْ فُلَانٍ is a saying mentioned by Lth, (T, TA,) meaning [Such a one ceased not to be] in a vehement state of evil or mischief [proceeding from such a one]. (TA.)
Also Confusion and difficulty. (M, Ḳ.) One says, وَقَعَ القَوْمُ فِى فُرَّةٍ andأُفُرَّةٍ↓ andأَفُرَّةٍ↓ The people, or party, fell into confusion and difficulty. (M.)
See also the next preceding paragraph, in three places.
فِرَّةٌ A smiling: [or rather a manner of smiling:] one says, إنَّها لَحَسَنَةُ الفِرَّةِ [Verily she is beautiful in respect of the manner of smiling]. (TA.)
فُرُرٌ: see فُرَارٌ.
فُرَرَةٌ: see فَارٌّ.
فُرَارٌ andفَريرٌ↓ The young one of the ewe, and of the she-goat, (M, Ḳ,) and of the cow, (M,) or of the wild cow, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) as also, in this last sense, (O, Ḳ,) and in the first and second senses, (Ḳ,) فُرْفُرٌ↓ andفُرْفُورٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) andفَرُورٌ↓ andفُرَافِرٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or they [app. referring to all the foregoing words] signify lambs: (Ḳ: [but see what follows:]) the female is termed فُرَارَةٌ: (M:) and فُرَارٌ is pl. also; (T, M, Ḳ;) i. e. it is applied to a pl. number as well as to one; (TA;) it is said to be pl. ofفَرِيرٌ↓; (T, Ṣ, M, O;) and is of a rare form of pl.; (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, O, Ḳ;*) and it signifies the small in body of the young ones of the goat-kind; (M;) orفَرِيرٌ↓, as some say, signifies thus: (TA: [but this I think doubtful:]) this last word is said by IAạr to signify the young one of the wild animal, of the gazelle and of the bovine kind and the like; and in one instance he says that it signifies lambs: (M:) and, (T, A,) as Aboo-l-ʼAbbás [i. e. Th] states on the authority of IAạr, (T,) فُرَارٌ (T, M) and فُرَارَةٌ (T) andفَرِيرٌ↓ (M) andفُرُرٌ↓ andفُرْفُورٌ↓ andفُرَافِرٌ↓ (T, M) signify the lamb when it is weaned, (T, M,) and has become what is termed جَفْرٌ [q. v.], and obtained plenty of herbage, (M,) and has become fat: (T, M:) accord. to Ibn-ʼAbbád, (O,) the last two signify a lamb (حَمَل, O, TA, in the Ḳ جَمَل, a mistranscription, TA) when it eats, and chews the cud: (O, Ḳ: [see also فُرْفُورٌ below:]) and [it is also said that] فُرَارٌ signifies great بَهْم [app. as meaning lambs or kids], and one thereof is termed فُرْفُورٌ↓. (TA.) It is said in a prov.
* نَزْوُ الفُرَارِ ٱسْتَجْهَلَ الفُرَارَا *
[The leaping of the wild calf, or with equal propriety الفرار may be here rendered the kid, excited to lightness the other wild calf, or kid]: (T, Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) AʼObeyd says, on the authority of El-Mu- ärrij, [and so says Meyd, and the same is implied in the Ṣ and O,] that الفرار here means the young one of the wild cow: (T:) i. e., when the فرار attains to youthful vigour it takes to leaping, and when another sees it [do so] it leaps in like manner: (T, Ṣ, Ḳ:) the prov. is used in relation to him of whose companionship one should be cautious; meaning, if thou become his companion thou wilt do as he does: (T, O, Ḳ:) some relate it otherwise, saying نَزْوَ, meaning نَزَا نَزْوَ الفُرَارِ. (O.) [See also a similar prov. in art. سفه, conj. 5.]
فَرُرٌ: see فَارٌّ. It is applied to a woman as meaning Wont to flee from that which induces doubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion. (Ṣ.)
فَرِيرٌ: see فُرَارٌ, in four places.
Also The place of the محَسَّة [thus in a copy of the M (app. مِحَسَّة i. e. currycomb, as though meaning the part that is currycombed), in the Ḳ of the مجَسَّة (i. e. مَجَسَّة, q. v.), and in the O of the مجمّ, which last I think to be a mistranscription,] of the مَعْرَفَة [or part, or flesh, upon which grows the mane] of the horse: (M, O, Ḳ:) or the base (أَصْل) of the مَعْرَفَة of the horse. (T; and accord. to the TA, mentioned by Ṣgh, and there said to be tropical.)
And The mouth: (O, Ḳ, TA:) mentioned by Z in a manner indicating that it is of the horse or the like. (TA.)
فَرُورَةٌ: see فَارٌ.
كَتِيبَةٌ فُرَّى [A military force, or troop,, &c.,] defeated: (T, O, Ḳ:) as also فُلَّى. (T.)
فَرَّآءُ, applied to a woman, i. q. غَرَّآءُ, (O, Ḳ, TA,) meaning Beautiful in the front teeth. (TA.)
فَرَّارٌ: see فَارٌّ.
[Hence,] Quicksilver; so called because flowing quickly, and not remaining in a place: thus says Esh-Shereeshee. (Ḥar p. 139.)
فُرَّيْرَةٌ, in the dim. form, with teshdeed, [A spinning-top;] a thing with which children play. (TA.)
فَارٌّ (Ṣ, M) andفَرٌّ↓ (T, Ṣ, O, Ḳ) andفَرُورٌ↓ (M, O, Ḳ) andفَرُورَةٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andفَرَّارٌ↓ (M, O, Ḳ) andفُرَرَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) are epithets from فَرَّ signifying as expl. in the first sentence of this art.: (Ṣ, T, M, O, Ḳ:) [the first and second meaning Fleeing; or turning away or aside, to elude, and fleeing: the third, fifth, and sixth, fleeing,, &c., much: and the fourth, fleeing,, &c., very much:] butفَرٌّ↓ is applied to one and to two and to more, and to a female; (Ṣ, O;) it has no dual nor pl. [nor fem. form]; (T;) the sing. [and dual] and pl. [and masc. and fem.] are alike; (M;) as it is an inf. n. used as an epithet; (M, O;) and it may be a pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of فَارٌّ, (Ṣ, M, O,) like as رَكْبٌ is of رَاكِبٌ, (Ṣ, O,) and صَحْبٌ of صَاحِبٌ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,*) or شَرْبٌ of شَارِبٌ: (M:) it is related in the trad. respecting the Flight that Surákah Ibn-Málik, when he saw the Prophet and Aboo-Bekr fleeing to El-Medeeneh, and they passed by him, said, هٰذَانِ فَرٌّ قُرَيشٍ أَفَلَا أَرُدُّ عَلَى قُرَيْشٍ فَرَّهَا, (T,* Ṣ,* O,* TA,) meaning [These two are] the two fugitives [of Kureysh: shall I not turn back to Kureysh their fugitives?]. (AʼObeyd, T, TA.)
فُرْفُرٌ: see فَرْفَارٌ:
and فُرْفُورٌ, in three places.
فِرْفِرٌ: see فُرْفُورٌ, in two places.
فُرَفِرٌ: see the next paragraph.
فَرْفَارٌ / فَرْفَارَةٌ
فَرْفَارٌ A breaker [or mangler] of everything; as alsoفُرَافِرٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
And The lion; because he mangles his antagonist: (Z, TA:) or the lion that mangles his antagonist (O, Ḳ *) and everything; (O;) as alsoفِرفَارٌ↓ andفُرْفُرٌ↓, (Ḳ,) orفُرَفِرٌ↓, (O,) andفُرَافِرٌ↓ andفُرَافِرَةٌ↓. (O, Ḳ.)
And Light and unsteady in mind: (Lth, T, M, O, Ḳ:) fem. with ة
And Loquacious; talkative; a great talker; (M, Ḳ;) like ثَرْثَارٌ: (M:) fem. with ة
Also A species of tree, (T, M, O, Ḳ,) hard, having much endurance of fire, (T, O,) of which are made [bowls such as are termed] قِصَاع (M, O, Ḳ) and عِسَاس: (M, O:) AḤn says, it is a great kind of tree; (O;) it becomes tall like the دُلْب [q. v.]; its leaves are like those of the almondtree; it has blossoms like the red rose; (O, TA;) and it becomes thick so that great [bowls such as are termed] عِسَاس, and أَقْدَاح, are turned from it: (O:) when its tree becomes old, its wood becomes black like ebony: (O, TA:) it is a hard wood, that blunts iron; and the bowls thereof are thin and light, and of pleasant odour: small saddles, called مَخَاصِر, pl. of مِخْصَرَةٌ, for excellent she-camels, were also made of it, and the curved pieces of wood (أَحْنَآء) thereof amounted [in price] to two hundred dirhems. (O.)
And A sort of vehicle, or saddle, for women (T, O, Ḳ) and for pastors, resembling the حَوِيَّة and سَوِيَّة [described in arts. حوى and سوى]. (T.)
فِرْفَارٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
فُرْفُورٌ: see فُرَارٌ, in three places. [It is said that] it signifies A fat جَمَل (Thus in copies of the Ḳ [an evident mistranscription for حَمَل, i. e. lamb, as is indicated in the TA by the addition such as has become what is termed جَفْرٌ].)
And † A youth, or young man; (O, Ḳ, TA;) as being likened to the lamb (حَمَل) that has obtained plenty of herbage and has become fat; (TA; [see فُرَارٌ;]) and soفُرَافِرٌ↓. (O, Ḳ, TA.)
And A certain bird; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as alsoفُرْفُرٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) andفِرْفِرٌ↓: (Ḳ:) a small عُصفُور [i. e. sparrow, or passerine bird]: (ISh, T, M:) so it is said: (M:) andفُرْفُرٌ↓ signifies the عُصْفُورٌ [in an absolute sense]; (M, Ḳ;) as also فُرْفُورٌ: (Ḳ:) accord. to AḤát, Et-Táïfee says that الفُرْفُرُ↓, of which the pl. is الفَرَافِرُ, signifies the نَقَاقِير; thus he says, [using the pl.,] not the نُقَّار [or نَقَّار? (see عُصْفُورٌ)]; and he adds that sometimes it is said that the فُرْفُور is the صِرّ [q. v.]; and some sayالفِرْفِرُ↓, with kesr, but he says, I am not confident of its chasteness: (O:) [accord. to Ed-Demeeree, as stated by Freytag, فُرْفُرٌ is the name of a small aquatic bird like the dove or pigeon: SM says, app. relying upon the correctness of a modern application of the word,] I have seen the فُرْفُور in Egypt, and it is smaller than the إوَذّ [which is applied to the goose and sometimes to the duck]. (TA.)
فِرْفِيرٌ [Purple;] a certain sort of colour. (Ḳ.)
And The violet: or violet-colour: syn. in Pers. بنفشه [i. e. بَنَفْشَه, which is said to have both of these significations]. (KL.)
[And Purslane, or purslain. (Golius, on the authority of Ibn-Beytár.)]
فِرْفِيرِىٌّ [Of a purple colour]. (TA: there applied as an epithet to the flower of the فَاوَانِيَا [or peony].)
فُرَافِرٌ A horse that moves about, or agitates, the bit in his mouth, (M, O, Ḳ, TA,) to which Z adds, in order that he may disengage it [therefrom, or] from his head. (TA.)
And i. q. أَخْرَقُ [Rough, ungentle,, &c.]; (M, O, Ḳ;) applied to a man. (O, Ḳ.)
See also فَرْفَارٌ, in two places:
and فُرَارٌ, likewise in two places:
and فُرْفُورٌ, also in two places.
فُرَافِرَةٌ: see فَرْفَارٌ, second sentence.
أُفُرَّةٌ / أَفُرَّةٌ
أُفُرَّةٌ and أَفُرَّةٌ: see فُرَّةٌ, in five places.
مَفَرٌّ an inf. n. of فَرَّ. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ. [See the first and second sentences of this art.])
Also A time [and a place] of fleeing: (TA:) andمَفِرُّ↓ signifies a place of fleeing: (I’Ab, Zj, Ṣ, M, TA:) and so doesمِفَرُّ↓; (Zj, Ḳ, TA,) an instrumental noun used as a noun of place. (Ḳ, TA.) [See 1, second sentence.]
مَفِرُّ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مُفِرُّ [Making to flee:, &c. See its verb, 4].
[Hence, app.,] الأَيَّامُ المُفِرَّاتُ † The days that reveal, or make manifest, [or cause to fly abroad,] news, or tidings. (O, Ḳ.)
مِفَرُّ [originally an instrumental noun: and hence,] A horse fit for one's fleeing upon him: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or excellent in fleeing. (Ḳ.) One says فَرَسٌ مِكَرٌّ مِفَرٌّ A horse well trained, willing, and active, ready to return to the fight and to flee. (TA in art. كر.)
مُفَرَّرُ: see what follows.
مَفْرُورٌ andمُفَرَّرٌ↓ Examined, looked into, searched into, inquired respecting, or interrogated. (TA. [See 1.])