فحص فحل فحم
فَحَلَ الإِبِلَ, aor. ـَ, [inf. n. فَحْلٌ,] He sent a male [used alone] means The putting a he-camel among the she-camels. (KL.)
And فَحَلَ إِبِلَهُ فَحْلًا كَرِيمًا He chose for his [she-] camels a generous male [or stallion]; as alsoافتحل↓. (Ḳ.)
افحلهُ, (Ṣ,) or افحلهُ فَحْلًا, (Ḳ, TA,) He gave to him, (Ṣ,) or lent to him, (Ḳ, TA,) a male [camel] (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) to cover among his [she-] camels: (Ṣ, TA:) and accord. to Lḥ,فَحَلَ↓ فُلَانَا بَعِيرًا andافتحلهُ↓ signify he gave to such a one a he-camel; like افحلهُ. (TA.)
تفحّل He assumed, or affected, a likeness, or resemblance, to the فَحْل (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA) i. e. the male (TA) [or rather the manly]: and he affected the quality of the فَحْل [or manly] in clothing and in food, by making both to be coarse; (O, Ḳ, TA;) as did the chiefs of Syria to ʼOmar, when he came thither; (O, TA;) i. e., they met him in their ordinary clothing, not having adorned themselves; [in consideration of his simple habits;] self-adornment being an affair of females and of effeminate men. (TA.) [See also its part. n., below.]
الاِسْتِفْحَالُ signifies The practice of persons' giving to a man of big make, (O, Ḳ, TA,) and comely appearance, (O,) free access to their women, in order that he may beget among them the like of himself; which the unbelievers (عُلُوج, O, or أَعْلَاج, Ḳ) of Kábul do [or used to do] when seeing such a man, of the Arabs: (O, Ḳ, TA:) so Lth was told, and thus he has expl. the word, after saying that he errs who says اِسْتَفْحَلْنَا فَحْلًا لِدَوَابِّنَا [app. meaning We sought, or demanded, a stallion for our beasts]. (O, TA.)
استفحلت النَّخْلَةُ The palm-tree became a فُحَّال [or tree of which the spadix might be used for the purpose of fecundation]. (Ḳ. [See also the part. n., below.])
And استفحل الأَمْرُ ‡ The affair, or case, became great, or formidable, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) and hard, or difficult. (TA.)
فَحْلٌ a word of well-known meaning, (Ṣ, O,) A male of animals (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) of any kind, (Mgh, Ḳ,) [including mankind: and particularly a stallion: generally,] a male [or stallion] camel: (MA:) pl. [of mult.] فُحُولٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فِحَالٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فُحُولَةٌ (Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فِحَالَةٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) and [pl. of pauc.] أَفْحُلٌ: (Ḳ:) andفَحِيلٌ↓ signifies the same as فَحْلٌ; (Kr, TA;) and [particularly] a فَحْل of the camels. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
Hence الفَحْلُ is an appellation of ‡ Canopus (سُهَيْلٌ); because it is aloof from the other stars, like the فحل which, when he has covered, goes aloof from the [she-] camels: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) or, as some say, it is so called because of its greatness. (TA.)
رَجُلٌ فَحِيلٌ↓ means the same as فَحْلٌ [i. e. † A masculine, as opposed to an effeminate, man]. (Ḳ.) Andاِمْرَأَةٌ فَحْلَةٌ↓ means † A clamorous [or, app., masculine] woman. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
فُحُولُ الشُّعَرَآءِ is an appellation applied to † The poets (O, Ḳ) who have overcome, (O,) or who overcome, (Ḳ,) in satirizing, those who have vied with them therein; (O, Ḳ;) like Jereer and El-Farezdaḳ, (O, TA,) who used to be called فَحْلَا مُضَرَ: (TA:) and in like manner ‡ any one who, when he vies with a poet, is judged to have excelled him [is called a فَحْل]; (Ḳ, TA; [for فَضَلَ in the CK, I read فُضِّلَ, as in other copies of the Ḳ;]) like 'Alkameh Ibn-'Abadeh; (TA;) who was surnamed الفَحْلُ because he took to wife Umm-Jundab when Imrael-Keys divorced her on the occasion of her judging him [i. e. 'Alkameh] to have overcome him [Imra-el-Ḳeys] in poetry. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA.)
فَحْلٌ also means [app. † A vigorous orator: see هَادِرٌ.]
[And] ‡ A relater, reciter, or rehearser, by heart, [of poetry, and of traditions, or narratives learned, or heard, or received, from another or others;] syn. رَاوٍ: pl. فُحُولٌ: (Ḳ, TA:) so in the M. (TA.)
And ‡ A mat that is made of the woven leaves of the palm-tree thus called, (Sh,* Ṣ,* O,* Ḳ,* TA,) i. e., of the palm-tree called فُحَّال: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) pl. فُحُولٌ. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
And † Rain is thus called [in a verse of Et-Tirimmáh Ibn-El-Hakeem, being likened to the stallion-camel, because of its fertilizing the earth]. (Ḥam p. 110.)
اِمْرَأَةٌ فَحْلَةٌ: see فَحْلٌ, former half.
فِحْلَةٌ The quality, or state, of being a فَحْل [or male; and particularly, of being a stallion: and also † masculineness, as a quality of a man, opposed to effeminacy: &c.]: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) andفُحُولَةٌ↓ andفِحَالَةٌ↓ [both of which are also pls. of فَحْلٌ] signify the same. (Ḳ.) [Hence,] بَعِيرٌ ذُو فِحْلَةٍ A camel fit, or meet, for being chosen as a stallion. (TA.)
Also, i. e. فِحْلَةٌ, with kesr, A man's choosing a فَحْل [i. e. stallion] for his beasts. (TA.)
فَحِيلٌ: see فَحْلٌ, first sentence.
One says also فَحْلٌ فَحِيلٌ, meaning A generous stallioncamel, that begets generous offspring. (Ṣ, Ḳ.*) Er-Rá'ee says,
* كَانَتْ نَجَائِبَ مُنْذِرٍ وَمُحَرِّقٍ ** أُمَّاتُهُنَّ وَطَرْقُهُنَّ فَحِيلَا *
[Their mothers were of the generous camels of Mundhir and Moharrik, and their compressing stallion was a generous one, a begetter of generous offspring]: (Ṣ [accord. to one of my copies], and TA:) [some copies of the Ṣ have نَجَائِبُ and أُمَّاتِهِنّ; and so has the O: but] IB says that the verse is correctly related as above. (TA.)
And كَبْشٌ فَحِيلٌ means A ram that resembles the فَحْل of camels in his excellence (Ḳ, TA) and his [comparative] greatness. (TA.)
See also فَحْلٌ again, third sentence.
فِحَالَةٌ: see فِحْلَةٌ.
فُحُولَةٌ: see فِحْلَةٌ.
فُحَّالٌ andفَحْلٌ↓ The male palm-tree, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) by means of which the fruitbearing palm-trees are fecundated, (Ṣ,* Mgh,* Mṣb, TA,) and which, when they are on the windward side of the latter trees, fecundate these: (TA:) [see what follows:] only the former word is mentioned [in this sense] by Lth; and ISd says, (TA,) the former word is used peculiarly as applied to the male palm-tree: (Ḳ,* TA:) AḤn cites AA as saying that فَحْلٌ↓ is not said except of that which has life, and Aboo-Naṣr says the like; but AḤn adds that people in general disagree from them as to this: (TA:) the pl. of فُحَّالٌ is فَحَاحِيلُ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and the pl. ofفَحْلٌ↓ is فُحُولٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb) and فُحُولَةٌ (Mgh, Mṣb) and فِحَالٌ; (Mṣb;) of the first of which pls. of فَحْلٌ, the following saying, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA,) of Oheihah Ibn-El-Juláh, (O, TA,) presents an ex.:
* تَأَبَّرِى يَا خَيْرَةَ الفَسِيلِ ** تَأَبَّرِى مِنْ حَنَذٍ فَشُولِى ** إِذْ ضَنَّ أَهْلُ النَّخْلِ بِالفُحُولِ *
[Receive thou fecundation, O best of young palmtrees: receive thou fecundation from Hanadh, and show that thou hast received it: (فَشُولِى being from شَالَتْ بِذَنَبِهَا said of a she-camel, meaning “she raised her tail, showing thereby that she was pregnant:”) since the palm-owners have been niggardly of the spadixes of the male palm-trees]: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA:) the meaning is, that the people of Hanadh were niggardly of the spadixes of their [male] palm-trees, and the east wind blew at the time of the fecundation upon the male trees, bearing off [the pollen of] their spadixes and casting it upon the female trees, so that it served for fecundation: Hanadh is a place about four miles from El-Medeeneh: and it is said to be the town of Oheihah: or to be a water belonging to Suleym and Muzeyneh. (Mṣb.)
مُتَفَحِّلٌ ‡ Trees that do not bear fruit; like the فَحْل↓: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, A, O, TA:) that become barren. (A, TA.) [See also what follows.]
نَخْلَةٌ مُسْتَفْحِلَةٌ † A palm-tree that does not bear fruit. (Lḥ, TA.) [See also what next precedes: and see 10.]