غلف غلق غلم
غَلَقَ as syn. with أَغْلَقَ: see the latter.
Also, inf. n. غَلْقٌ, He went away. (TA.)
And غَلَقَ فِى الأَرْضِ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. غَلْقٌ, He went far into the land; (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ,* TA;) as also فَلَقَ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. فَلْقٌ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, TA.)
غَلِقَ said of a door: see 7.
[Hence,] غَلِقَ الرَّهْنُ, aor. ـَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. غَلَقٌ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) or غُلُوقٌ, (IAạr, TA,) or both, (Sb, TA,) ‡ The pledge was, or became, a rightful possession [i. e. a forfeit] to the receiver of it (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) when not redeemed within the time stipulated; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) or so غَلِقَ الرَّهْنُ فِى يَدِ المُرْتَهِنِ: (Sb, TA:) or غَلِقَ الرَّهْنُ means the pledge remained in the hand [or possession] of the receiver of it, the pledger being unable to redeem it; (IAạr, TA;) accord. to the Bári', it is when a man pledges a commodity and says, “If I do not pay thee within such a time, the pledge shall be thine for the debt.” (Mṣb.) This is forbidden in a trad. (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, &c.) It is said in a trad. of the Prophet on this subject, لَا يَغْلَقُ بِمَا فِيهِ لَكَ غُنْمُهُ وُعَلَيْكَ غُرْمُهُ [meaning It shall not become a forfeit to the receiver with what is involved in it: (or, accord. to an explanation of the first clause in the Mṣb, it shall not become a rightful possession to the receiver for the debt for which it was pledged:) to thee shall pertain the regaining of it, and its increase, and growth, and excess in value, if such there be, and upon thee shall be the obligation of the debt belonging to it, and the bearing of any unavoidable damage that it may have sustained]: (O:) or لَهُ غُنْمُهُ وَعَلَيْهِ غُرْمُهُ i. e., accord. to AʼObeyd, to him (the owner) it shall return, and to him shall pertain its increase [if there be any], and if it have become defective, or have perished, [unavoidably,] he shall be responsible for it and shall pay the debt to him to whom it is owed without being compensated by [the remission of] aught of the debt: (Mṣb:) or لَكَ غُنْمُهُ وَعَلَيْهِ غُرْمُهُ, which means to thee (the pledger) shall pertain the increase of it (the pledge), and its growth, and its excess in value, [if it have any,] and upon him (the receiver of it) shall be the responsibility [to make compensation] for it if it perish [through his fault, in his possession], (O. [There are other, somewhat different, readings and explanations of this trad. in the Mgh &c.; but what I have here given, from the O and Mṣb, appear to me to be the most approvable. See also غُنْمٌ: and see art. رهن.]) Zuheyr says,
* وَفَارَقَتْكَ بِرَهْنٍ لَا فَكَاكَ لَهُ ** يَوْمَ الوَدَاعِ فَأَمْسَى الرَّهْنُ قَدْ غَلِقَا *
† [And she separated herself from thee with a pledge for which there is nothing wherewith it may be redeemed, on the day of valediction, so the pledge has become a forfeit to its receiver]: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, TA:) he means that she received his heart as a pledge, and went away with it. (Mgh, TA.) The saying of Ows Ibn-Hajar
* أَبُو غَلَقٍ فِى لَيْلَتَيْنِ مُؤَجَّلِ *
means † The owner of a pledge that has become a rightful possession [or forfeit] to its receiver, the period for the release of which is two nights: to this he likens a captivated heart. (TA.)
One says also, of a slave who has received permission to traffic, غَلِقَتْ رَقَبَتُهُ بِالدَّيْنِ † His رَقَبَة [meaning person] has become a rightful possession [or a forfeit to his creditor or creditors] by reason of debt, when he is unable to free it. (Mgh.)
And غَلِقَ signifies also † He was unransomed, or unredeemed; said of a captive, and of a criminal. (TA.)
And ‡ He, or it, stuck fast: (Ṣ, O, TA:) thus in the saying, غَلِقَ قَلْبُهُ فِى يَدِ فُلَانَةَ [His heart stuck fast in the possession of such a woman or girl]: (TA:) and اِحْتَدَّ فَغَلِقَ فِى حِدَّتِهِ [He became excited by sharpness of temper, and stuck fast in his sharpness of temper]: (Ṣ, O. TA:) and غَلِقَ is said of anything that sticks fast in a thing, and cleaves to it: thus one says, غَلِقَ فِى البَاطِلِ [He stuck fast in that which was vain, or false]: and the saying of El-Farezdaḳ
* وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِى غَلَقٍ سِغَابَا *
means Had they been persons who had stack fast in poverty and hunger, cleaving thereto. (Sh, TA.)
Also, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. غَلَقٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb,) † He was, or became, disquieted, (Mgh,) or disquieted by grief; (Mgh, Mṣb;) or angry, (Mṣb, TA.) and excited by sharpness of temper. (TA.) Hence يَمِينُ الغَلَقِ † The oath of anger; said by some of the lawyers to be so called because he who swears it closes thereby against himself a door preventing him from advancing or drawing back. (Mṣb.) And hence إِيَّاكَ وَالغَلَقَ † Beware thou of, or avoid thou, the being disquieted, or disquieted by grief [or anger]: or, as some say, the meaning is,لَا يُغْلَقُ↓ التَّطْلِيقَاتُ حَتَّى لَا يَبْقَى مِنْهَا شَىْءٌ † [i. e. The sentences of divorce shall not be closed, or concluded, at once, by one's saying “Thou art trebly divorced,” so that there shall not remain of them aught]; for one should divorce agreeably with the سُنَّة: (Mgh:) [or, accord. to the TA, إِيَّاكَ وَالغَلَقَ app. means beware thou of, or avoid thou, the state of straitness:] and الغَلَقُ signifies also the being in a state of perdition: (TA:) and contractedness of the mind or bosom, (Mbr, JK, TA,) and paucity of patience. (Mbr, TA.)
One says also, غَلِقَتِ النَّخْلَةُ, (O. Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. غَلَقٌ, (TA,): The palm-tree had worms in the bases of its branches and was thereby stopped from bearing fruit; (O, Ḳ, TA;) and soأُغْلِقَتْ↓ عَنِ الإِثْمَارِ. (TA.)
And غَلِقَ ظَهْرُ البَعِيرِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. غَلَقٌ, (Ṣ, O, TA,) ‡ The back of the camel became galled with galls not to be cured; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA;) the whole of his back being seen to be two portions of cicatrized skin, the results of galls that had become in a healing state, and the two sides thereof glistening: ISh says that in the case of the worst galls of the camel, the furniture, or saddle and saddle-cloth, cannot be [partially] raised from contact with him [so as to be bearable by him]. (TA.)
see 4, former half, in three places.
مُغَالَقَةٌ signifies † The contending for a bet, or wager; syn. مُرَاهَنَةٌ; (O, Ḳ;) originally, in the game called المَيْسِر: whence, in a trad., the phrase اِرْتَبَطَ فَرَسًا لِيُغَالِقَ عَلَيْهَا † [He tied up a mare in order that he should contend upon her in a race for a stake or stakes]. (O.)
اغلق البَابَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. إِغْلَاقٌ, (Mgh, Ḳ, &c.,) He made the door fast with a غَلَق, so that it could not be opened unless with a key; (Mṣb;) [i. e.] he locked the door; or bolted it: or he closed, or shut, it: (MA:) contr. of فَتَحَهُ: (O, Ḳ:*) andغَلَقَهُ↓, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. غَلْقٌ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) signifies the same; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) mentioned by IDrd, on the authority of AZ; but rare; (Mṣb;) or a mispronunciation; (Ḳ;) or bad, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) and rejected; (Ṣ;) and غَلْقٌ is [said to be] the subst. from أَغْلَقَ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) whence the saying of a poet,
* وَبَابٍ إِذَا مَا مَالَ لِلْغَلْقِ يَصْرِفُ *
[And a door that, when it turns to be locked, or closed, creaks]: (Ṣ, O, Mgh:*) and one says,غَلَّقْتُ↓ الأَبْوَابَ [I locked, or closed, the doors]; the verb being with teshdeed to denote multiplicity [of the objects]; (Sb, Ṣ, TA;) [and] it is so to denote muchness [of the action] or intensiveness, (O,) [for] one says also,غلّق↓ البَابَ, a chaste phrase; El-Iṣbahánee says thatغَلَّقْتُ↓ signifies I locked, or closed, (أَغْلَقْتُ,) many doors, or a door several times, or a door well or thoroughly; (TA;) and one says also أَغْلَقْتُ الأَبْوَابَ; (Ṣ, O, TA;) said by Sb to be a good Arabic phrase; (TA;) but this is rare; (O;) El-Farezdaḳ says,
* مَا زِلْتُ أَفْتَحُ أَبْوَابًا وَأُغْلِقُهَا ** حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ أَبَا عَمْرِو بْنَ عَمَّارِ *
[I ceased not to open doors and to close them until I came to Aboo-ʼAmr Ibn-'Ammár], meaning, as AḤát says, Aboo-ʼAmr Ibn-El-ʼAlà. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
[Hence] one says, أُغْلِقَ عَلَيْهِ الأَمْرُ † The affair was [as though it were closed against him; i. e., was made] strait to him. (TA. [See also 10.])
And [hence] إِغْلَاقٌ signifies † The act of constraining: (Mgh, O, TA:) whence the saying in a trad., لَا طَلَاقَ وَلَا عَتَاقَ فِى إِغْلَاقٍ † [There is no divorcement of a wife, nor liberation of a slave, in a case of constraint]; (Mgh,* O, TA;) for the agent is straitened in his affair, (Mgh, TA,) as though the door were locked, or closed, against him, and he were imprisoned. (TA.) One says, أَغْلَقَهُ عَلَى شَىْءٍ † He constrained him to do a thing. (IAạr, Mgh, TA.)
See also 1, last quarter, in two places.
One says also, اغلق الرَّهْنَ ‡ He made, or declared, the pledge to be due [or a forfeit to its receiver]. (IAạr, TA.) And in like manner one says of the arrows termed مَغَالِق, [pl. of مِغْلَقٌ,] تُغْلِقُ الخَطَرَ i. e. ‡ They make the stake, or wager, or thing playedfor, to be due [or a forfeit] to the player (O, TA) who wins, or is successful. (TA.)
And اغلق القَاتِلَ † He delivered, or surrendered, the slayer to the heir, or next of kin, of the slain, that he might decide respecting his blood as he pleased. (O, TA.) And أُغْلِقَ فُلَانٌ بِجَرِيرَتِهِ † [Such a one was delivered, or surrendered, to be punished for his crime]. (TA.) And El-Farezdaḳ says,
* أَسَارَى حَدِيدٍ أُغْلِقَتْ بِدِمَآئِهَا *
† [Captives in bonds of iron, delivered, or surrendered, to be punished for their bloods that they had shed]. (TA.)
And أُغْلِقَ فُلَانٌ † Such a one was angered. (TA.)
And الإِغْلَاقُ [or rather إِغْلَاقُ ظَهْرِ البَعِيرِ] signifies † The galling of the back of the camel by heavy loads: (Ḳ, TA:) whence the phrase مَنْ أَغْلَقَ ظَهْرَهُ [meaning † Such as has heavily burdened his back with sins], applied, in a trad., to one of those for whom the Prophet will intercede; the sins that have burdened the back of the man being likened to the weight of the load of the camel: [but] it is also said that الإِغْلَاقُ was a practice of the Time of Ignorance; that when the camels of any one of them amounted to a hundred, أَغْلَقُوا بَعِيرًا, i. e. † They displaced the سَنَاسِن [pl. of سِنْسِنٌ, q. v.] of one of the vertebræ of a camel, and wounded his hump, in order that he might not be ridden, and that no use might be made of his back; and that camel was termed مُعَنًّى [q. v. in art. عنو]. (TA.)
[تغالقوا They contended, one with another, for bets, or wagers. See 3.]
انغلق; (MA, TA;) andغَلِقَ↓, (TA,) inf. n. غَلَقٌ; (KL;) andاستغلق↓; (KL, TA;) said of a door, (MA, KL, TA,) It was, or became, locked, or bolted; or closed, or shut; (MA, KL;) or difficult to be opened: (TA:) انغلق is the contr. of انفتح. (Mṣb.)
[Hence] one says, اِسْتَغْلَقَتْ رَحِمُ النَّاقَةِ فَلَمْ تَقْبَلَ المَآءَ † [The she-camel's womb became closed so that it did not admit the seminal fluid]. (Lth, Ḳ in art. ربع.)
And استغلق عَلَيْهِ الكَلَامُ ‡ Speech was as though it were closed against him, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) so that he [was tongue-tied, or] spoke not: accord. to the A, it is said of one who is straitened, and required against his will to speak. (TA.)
And استغلق الأَمْرُ † i. q. أَعْضَلَ, q. v. (Ṣ and O in art. عضل.)
And استغلق الخَبَرُ † i. q. اِسْتَبْهَمَ, q. v. (Mṣb in art. بهم.)
And اِسْتَغْلَقَنِى فِى بَيْعِى, (ISh, O,) or فى بَيْعَتِهِ, (Ḳ,) ‡ He made me to be without the option of returning [in the selling to me, or in his sale]: (ISh, O, Ḳ, TA:)
and اِسْتَغْلَقَتْ عَلَىَّ بَيْعَتُهُ (ISh, O, Ḳ) ‡ His sale was to me without the option of returning. (Ḳ, TA.)
غَلْقٌ is [said to be] the inf. n. of غَلَقَ as syn. with أَغْلَقَ: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb:) and (Ṣ, Ḳ) the subst. from the latter verb [q. v.]. (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ.)
As an epithet, (O, Ḳ,) applied to a man, or to a camel, (Ḳ,) or to each of these, (O,) Old, or advanced in age, and lean, meagre, or emaciated: (O, Ḳ, TA:) accord. to the “Nawádir,” it is applied to an old man [app. as meaning lean, meagre, or emaciated]: (TA:) or red; (Ḳ;) or in this sense applied to a man, and to a skin for water or milk, and to leather: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O:) or, accord. to AA, applied to a skin for water or milk, vitiated, or rendered unsound, in the tanning. (O.)
مَالٌ غِلْقٌ † Unlawful property: (JK:) or property to which there is no access; (TA voce رِتْجٌ;) i. q. مَالٌ رِتْجٌ. (Ḳ and TA ibid.) One says حَلَالٌ طَلْقٌ: [see art. طلق:] and [in the contr. sense] حَراَمٌ غِلْقٌ † [Unlawful, inaccessible]. (TA.)
غَلَقٌ [A lock;] a thing by means of which a door is made fast, (Ṣ,* O,* Mṣb, Ḳ,*) not to be opened save with a key; (Ṣ and Ḳ voce مِزْلَاجٌ;) a thing that is closed and opened with a key; (Mgh;) pl. أَغْلَاقٌ, (Sb, Mṣb, TA,) its only pl.: (Sb, TA:) andمِغْلَاقٌ↓ is syn. therewith; (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) pl. مَغَالِيقُ: (Mṣb:) so too is مِغْلَقٌ↓: (Mṣb, TA:) and soمُغْلُوقٌ↓: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) and soغَلَاقٌ↓. (TA.) El-Farezdaḳ has used its pl. metaphorically, [in a sense sufficiently obvious,] saying,
* فَبِتْنَ بِجَانِبَىَّ مُصَرَّعَاتٍ ** وَبِتُّ أَفُضُّ أَغْلَاقَ الخِتَامِ *
meaning خِتَامَ الأَغْلَاقِ, the phrase being inverted by him. (TA.)
Also i. q. رِتَاجٌ, meaning A great door: whence the phrase مَفَاتِيحُ أَغْلَاقِهَا, by which are meant [the keys of] the [great] doors thereof. (Mgh.)
غَلِقٌ [part. n. of غَلِقَ primarily signifying Being, or becoming, locked, or bolted; or closed, or shut.]
[And hence,] ‡ A pledge being, or becoming, a rightful possession [i. e. a forfeit] to the receiver of it, not having been redeemed within the time stipulated. (TA. [See also the verb.])
And † A captive, and a criminal, unransomed, or unredeemed. (TA.)
† A narrow, or strait, place. (TA.)
† A man evil in disposition: or much, or often, in anger; thus expl. by Aboo-Bekr: or narrow in disposition, difficult to be pleased. (TA.)
And ‡ Speech, or language, [difficult to be understood,] dubious, or confused. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
And نَخْلَةٌ غَلِقَةٌ ‡ A palm-tree having worms in the bases of its branches and thereby stopped from bearing fruit. (TA.)
And غَلِقٌ applied to the back of a camel, ‡ Having incurable galls; the whole of it being seen to be two portions of cicatrized skin, and the two sides thereof glistening. (TA.)
غُلُقٌ, applied to a door, [Locked; or bolted: or closed, or shut:] i. q.مُغْلَقٌ↓; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) of which مَغْلُوقٌ↓ is a dial. var., but bad, (Ṣ, O,) and rejected. (Ṣ, TA.)
غَلْقَةٌ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) thus as heard by AḤn from El-Bekree and others, (O,) andغِلْقَةٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) as heard by him from one of the Desert-Arabs of Rabee'ah, the former the more common, (O,) andغَلْقَى↓, (Ḳ,) A certain tree [or plant] with which the people of Et-Táïf prepare hides for tanning by the treatment termed عَطْنٌ: (ISk, Ṣ, TA: [see عَطَنَ الجِلْدَ:]) accord. to information given to AḤn by an Arab of the desert, (O,) a certain small tree, [or plant,] (O, Ḳ, TA,) resembling the عِظْلِم [q. v.], (O, TA,) bitter (O, Ḳ, TA) in an intense degree, not eaten by anything: it is dried, then bruised, and beaten, with water, and skins are macerated in it, in consequence of which there remains not upon them a hair nor a particle of fur nor a bit of flesh; this being done when they desire to throw the skins into the tan, whether they be of oxen or of sheep or goats or of other animals; and it is bruised, and carried into the various districts or towns for this purpose: (O, TA:) it is found in El-Ḥijáz and Tihámeh: (Ḳ, TA:) AḤn says, it is a tree [or plant] not to be endured for pungency; the gatherer of it fears for his eyes from its exhalation or its juice: (TA:) it is of the utmost efficiency for tanning: (Ḳ, TA:) Lth says, (O, TA,) it is a bitter tree [or plant]; (O;) and it is a poison; a mixture being made with its leaves for wolves and dogs, which kills them; and it is used also for tanning therewith: (O, TA:) and AḤn says, (TA,) the Abyssinians poison weapons with it, (Ḳ, TA,) cooking it, and then smearing with it the weapons, (TA,) and it kills him whom it smiles. (Ḳ, TA.) [Accord. to Forskål, (Flora Ægypt. Arab. p. lxvi.,) the names of “Harmal حرمل, and Ghalget ed dib غلقت الديب,” by which he means حَرْمَل and غَلْقَة الذِّئْب, are now applied to Peganum harmala.]
غِلْقَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
غَلْقَى: see the next preceding paragraph.
غَلَاقٌ: see غَلَقٌ.
It is also a subst. from the verb in the phrase أُغْلِقَ فُلَانٌ بِجَرِيرَتِهِ [q. v.]: 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd says,
* وَتَقُولُ العُدَاةُ أَوْدَى عَدِىٌّ ** وَبَنُوهُ قَدْ أَيْقَنُوا بِالغَلَاقِ *
[And the enemies say, “'Adee has perished, and his sons have made sure of being surrendered”]. (TA.)
إِغْلِيقٌ [like إِقْلِيدٌ, which is more common,] A key; pl. أَغَالِيقُ. (TA.) [أَغَالِيقُ may also signify Locks, as a pl. pl., i. e. as pl. of أَغْلَاقٌ, which is pl. of غَلَقٌ.]
مُغْلَقٌ: see غُلُقٌ.
مِغْلَقٌ: see غَلَقٌ.
Also, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) andمِغْلَاقٌ↓ is a dial. var. thereof in this sense, (TA,) An arrow, (Ḳ,) i. e. any arrow, (Ṣ, O,) used in the game called المَيْسِر: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or, (Ḳ,) accord. to Lth, (O,) المِغْلَقُ signifies السَّهْمُ السّابِعُ فِى مُضَعَّفِ المَيْسِرِ [i. e. the seventh arrow, app. belonging to the class, of the arrows of the game of الميسر, to which manifold portions are assigned; for المُضَعَّفُ as used in relation to the game called الميسر I do not find expl. otherwise than as an appellation of “the second of the arrows termed الغُفْل, to which are assigned no portion;” (see art. ضعف, and see also سَفِيحٌ;) and this cannot be here meant, as the seventh arrow (which is commonly called المُعَلَّى) has seven portions assigned to it: therefore it seems that مُضَعَّف is here used, if not mistakenly, in a sense which, though admissible, is unusual in a case of this kind]: (O, Ḳ:) pl. مَغَالِقُ: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ: in the CK [erroneously] مَغَالِيقُ:) or المُغَالِقُ is one of the epithets applied to the winning arrows, and is not one of their [particular] names; (O, Ḳ;) they being those that make what is played-for to be a forfeit to the player (تُغْلِقُ الخَطَرَ لِلْقَامِرِ): so accord. to Az, who says that Lth has made a mistake in his explanation. (O.)
مِغْلَاقٌ: see غَلَقٌ. [Hence] one says, فُلَانٌ مِفْتَاحٌ لِلْخَيْرِ مِغْلَاقٌ لِلشَّرِّ † [Such a one is a key to that which is good, a lock to that which is evil]. (TA.)
And i. q. مِرْتَاجٌ [A thing with which a door is closed, or made fast, (app. a kind of latch,) affixed behind the door, in the part next to the lock]. (TA. [See art. رتج: and see مِعْلَاقٌ, which seems to have the same, or a similar, meaning.])
And رَجُلٌ مِغْلَاقٌ. (Mṣb,) and قَوْمٌ مَغَالِيقُ, (TA,) † A man, and a company of men, by means of whom (عَلَى يَدَيْهِ, Mṣb, and عَلَى أَيْدِيهِمْ, TA,) the pledge is made a forfeit (يُغْنَقُ). (Mṣb, TA.) And ذُو مِغْلَاقٍ means اَلَّذِى تُغْلَقُ عَلَى يَدِهِ قِدَاحُ المَيْسِرِ † [app. One by means of whom the arrows in the game called الميسر are withheld from the rest of the players; i. e. by his winning]: or, accord. to Z, يُغْلِقُ الحُجَّةَ عَلَى الخَصْمِ † [app. one who closes the argument against the adversary in a dispute]. (TA in art. علق.)
مَغْلُوقٌ: see غُلُقٌ.
Also A hide in which [the plant called] غَلْقَة [q. v.] is put, when it is prepared for tanning by the treatment termed عَطْنٌ: (ISk, Ṣ, TA:) or a hide tanned with غَلْقَة. (O, Ḳ.)
مُغْلُوقٌ: see غَلَقٌ.