ضن ضنأ ضنك
ضَنَآَتْ, aor. ـَ, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. ضَنْءٌ and ضُنُوْءٌ; (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) and accord. to the Ḳ, ضَنِئَتْ, but MF says that this latter is unknown, i. e., it is not mentioned in the other lexicons in the sense here assigned to it in the Ḳ; (TA;) andاضنأت↓; (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) She (a woman) had many children: (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) [and so ضَنَتْ and ضَنِيَتْ, as mentioned in art. ضنو:] and in like manner one says of cattle; (M;) [i. e.]one says, ضَنَأَ المَالُ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) and ضَنِئَ, (O, Ḳ,) and صَنَأَتِ المَاشِيَةُ and ضَنِئَت, (TA,) [andاضنأ↓ and اضنأت as is implied in the M,] The cattle multiplied, or became numerous or many. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA.) And ضَنَأَتْ is said to signify She brought forth. (TA.)
And صَنَأَ فِى الأَرْضِ, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. ضَنْءٌ and ضُنُوْءٌ [as above], (M, TA,) He hid, or concealed, himself in the land, or country: (M:) or he went away in the land, or into the country, and hid, or concealed, himself [therein]: (Ḳ:) like ضَبَأَ. (TA.)
see above, in two places.
أَضْنَؤُوا signifies Their cattle multiplied, or became numerous or many. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
8. (اضتنأ ⇒ اضطنأ ⇒ اضّنأ)
اضْطَنَأَ لَهُ and مِنْهُ He was abashed at, or shy of, and he shrank at, or from, him, or it. (M, Ḳ. [See also اضطبأ.]) Et-Tirimmáh uses اِضْطَنَا [or اِضْطَنَى in this sense,] and يَضْطَنِى: meaning اضطنأ [and يضطنئ]: or as being derived from الضَّنَى meaning “disease.” (M.)
ضَنْءٌ Children, or offspring; as alsoضِنْءٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ; [and so ضَنْوٌ and ضِنْوٌ, as mentioned in art. ضنو;]) the former accord. to El-Umawee, and both accord. to AA: (Ṣ, O:) the former signifies the offspring of anything: (TA:) and also, (Ḳ, TA, [in a copy of the M↓ the latter, but this is app. a mistranscription,]) multitude of offspring: it is like نَفَرٌ (M, Ḳ) and رَهْطٌ, (M,) having no. n. un.: the pl. is ضُنُوْءٌ. (M, Ḳ.)
ضِنْءٌ Origin, root, race, or stock; syn. أَصْلٌ: (El-Umawee, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) and the place in which a thing originates; syn. مَعْدِنٌ. (El-Umawee, Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) One says, فُلَانٌ فِى ضِنْءِ صِدْقٍ [Such a one is of an excellent origin or race or stock], (Ṣ, O, L,) and فِى ضِنْءِ سَوْءٍ [of a bad origin &c.]. (L.)
See also ضَنْءٌ, in two places.
ضُنْأَةٌ (M, O, Ḳ) andضُنَآءَةٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) Necessity, need, or want; or difficulty, or distress; (ضَارُورَةٌ, M, O, or ضَرُورَةٌ, Ḳ; [both meaning the same;]) that befalls a man: (O:) so in the saying قَعَدَ مَقْعَدَ ضُنْأَة (M, Ḳ) andضُنَآءَةٍ↓ (Ḳ) [lit. He sat in the sitting-place of necessity, &c.; meaning he was, or became, in an abject condition]: the phrase denotes disdain, or scorn; and is thought by AM to be from اِضْطَنَأَ meaning “he was abashed, &c.” (TA.)
ضُنَآءَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
ضَانِئٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) and ضَانِئَةٌ (Ks, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) A woman having many children: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and in like manner, the latter, cattle (مَاشِيَةٌ) having numerous offspring. (TA.)