صم صمت صمج
صَمَتَ, (Ṣ, M, A, Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. صَمْتٌ (Ṣ, M, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صُمْتٌ (M, L, TA) and صُمُوتٌ and صُمَاتٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or the first of these is the inf. n. and the rest are simple substs.; (M;) andاصمت↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. إِصْمَاتٌ; (Ḳ;) andصمّت↓, inf. n. تَصْمِيتٌ; (Ṣ, Ḳ; but only the inf. n. is mentioned;) He was, or became, silent, mute, or speechless; syn. سَكَتَ: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he was, or became, long silent or mute or speechless: (M, Mgh:) but there is a difference between سَكَتَ and صَمَتَ; for the former is said of him who has the power, or faculty, of speech, but abstains from making use of it; whereas the latter is sometimes said of that which has not the power, or faculty, of speech. (Er-Rághib, MF and TA in art. سكت.) The Arabs say, (Ks, TA,) and it is said in a trad., (TA,) لَا صَمْتَ يَوْمًا إِلَى اللَّيْلِ, or يَوْمٌ, or يَوْمٍ, i. e. There shall be no keeping silence a whole day [until night]. (Ks, Ḳ, TA. [In the “Jámiʼ eṣ-Ṣagheer,” we find لا صُمَاتَ instead of لا صَمْتَ: and El-Munáwee, in his Commentary on that work, says that the keeping silence for a whole day is forbidden by the words of this trad. because it is an imitation of a Christian custom.]) And إِذْنُهَا صُمَاتُهَا [in another trad., relating to the asking a virgin if she consent to be married, lit. Her permission is her silence,] means her silence is like her permission, i. e. it suffices. (Mṣb.) One says also, جَآءَ بِمَا صَآءَ وَصَمَتَ † [He brought what was vocal and what was mute]; مَا صَآءَ meaning sheep, or goats, and camels; and مَا صَمَتَ, gold and silver: (IAạr, TA:) صَآءَ in this saying is formed by transposition from صَأَى [q. v.]. (Ṣ in art. صأى.)
صمّتهُ, (M, A, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَصْمِيتٌ; (Ṣ;) andاصمتهُ↓; (M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) He made him, or rendered him, silent, mute, or speechless: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he made him, or rendered him, long silent or mute or speechless. (M.)
[Hence,] صَمِّتِى صَبِيَّكِ Feed thy child with that which will silence it [or quiet it]. (A, TA.)
And صمّت الرَّجُلَ He inclined to the man who complained to him by reason of his complaint [and so quieted him; or he cared for the complaint of the man and so quieted him; see مُصَمِّتٌ]. (M, TA.)
See also 1, first sentence.
اصمتهُ: see 2.
[Hence,] لَمْ يُصْمِتْهُ ذٰلِكَ That did not suffice him [so as to quiet him]: said only of what is eaten and drunk. (TA.)
And اصمتهُ He made it to be solid, not hollow; without a cavity. (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, Ḳ.) [For that which is without a cavity is generally non-sonorous.]
And أُصْمِتَتِ الأَرْضُ, or أَصْمَتَت, (accord. to different copies of the Ḳ, the latter accord. to the O,) The land became altered (أَحَالَت) [so as to be rugged, or hard, app. in consequence of its having been left untilled and unsown,] at the end of two years, (O, Ḳ,) and had rugged patches of urine and dung. (O.)
See also 1, first sentence.
أَصْمَتَ also signifies He was, or became, tonguetied, (O, TA,) and spoke not; (TA;) said of a sick man. (O, TA.)
صُمْتَةٌ a subst. from صَمَتَ [as such signifying Silence, muteness, or speechlessness; like صَمْتٌ used as a subst., and صُمْتٌ &c.; and like سُكْتَةٌ and سِكْتَةٌ]. (M, TA.)
And (M, TA) A thing, (M, A, Ḳ, TA,) i. e. food, (A, Ḳ, TA,) or the like, (Ḳ, TA,) such as a date, or something pretty, (TA,) with which one silences [or quiets] (M, A, Ḳ, TA) a child; (A, Ḳ, TA;) as alsoصِمْتَةٌ↓; (Lḥ, M, TA;) like سُكْتَةٌ [in this sense as well as in the former sense]. (Ṣ.) A date is called صُمْتَةُ الصَّبِىِّ [The quieter of the child], (M, TA,) and صُمْتَةُ الصَّغِيرِ [The quieter of the little one], so in a trad., because when the little one cries, or weeps, he is silenced with it. (TA.) One says, مَا عِنْدَهَا صُمْتَةُ لَيْلَةٍ She has not as much as would silence [or quiet] her child during one night. (A.) And مَا لَهُ صُمْتَةٌ لِعِيَالِهِ andصِمْتَةٌ↓ He has not what would feed and silence [or quiet] his household, or family. (Lḥ, M.)
صِمْتَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
مَا ذُقْتُ صَمَاتًا [I did not taste, or have not tasted,] anything. (Ḳ.)
رَمَاهُ بِصُمَاتِهِ, (AZ, Ḳ, A, Ḳ, [in a copy of the M بصِمَاتِه, but this I think a mistranscription,]) orبِصُمَاتَةٍ↓, (Ḳ accord. to the TA, and so in the M in art. سكت,) [both probably correct, for] one says also بِسُكَاتِهِ (AZ, Ṣ) and بِسُكَاتَةٍ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ, in art. سكت,) He (a man, AZ, Ṣ, or God, A) smote him, or afflicted him, with a thing that silenced him. (AZ, Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ.) [See رَمَاهُ بِسُكَاتٍ, in art. سكت.]
صُمَاتٌ signifies also Thirst: (Aṣ, TA:) or quickness of thirsting, (M, Ḳ, TA,) in men and in beasts. (M, TA.)
فُلَانٌ عَلَى صِمَاتِ الأَمْرِ Such a one is, or was, at the point of accomplishing the affair. (Ṣ.) And أَنَا عَلَى صِمَاتِ حَاجَتِى I am at the point of accomplishing my want. (M.) And بَاتَ عَلَى صِمَاتِ أَمْرِهِ He passed the night resolved upon his affair. (TA.) And هُوَ بِصِمَاتِهِ He is at the point of [attaining] his purpose: (M, TA:) Aboo-Málik says that صِمَاتٌ signifies قَصْدٌ [i. e. purpose, intention, &c.]. (TA.) And one says, بَاتَ مِنَ القَوْمِ عَلَى صِمَاتٍ He passed the night in a place where he was seen and heard by the people, near to them. (Ṣ, TA.)
دِرْعٌ صَمُوتٌ ‡ A coat of mail from which no sound is heard to proceed when it is put on, (Ṣ, A, L, TA,) it being soft to the feel, not rough nor rusty: (L, TA:) or a heavy coat of mail. (Ḳ.) And جَارِيَةٌ صَمُوتُ الخَلْخَالَيْنِ ‡ A girl, or young woman, having thick legs, form whose pair of anklets no sound is heard to proceed, (Ḳ, TA,) by reason of their being depressed in her legs. (TA. [لَها in the CK is erroneously put for لَهُمَا.]) And سَيْفٌ صَمُوتٌ † A sword that penetrates deeply into the thing struck with it [so as not to make a sound by its being repelled by a bone]. (Ḳ, TA.) And ضَرْبَةٌ صَمُوتٌ † A blow [with a sword or the like] passing among the bones, not recoiling from a bone (M, Ḳ, TA) so as to make a sound. (TA.)
And شَهْدَةٌ صَمُوتٌ ‡ A honey-comb that is full; not having a cell empty. (A, Ḳ.)
صُمَاتَة: see رَمَاهُ بِصُمَاتِهِ, above.
صِمِّيتٌ, applied to a man, (Ṣ,) i. q. سِكِّيتٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) [i. e. Much, or often, silent or mute or speechless; or] long silent &c. (TA.)
صَامِتٌ Silent, mute, or speechless: (Mṣb:) pl. صَامِتُونَ (Ḳur vii. 192) [and صُمُوتٌ, occurring in the Ḳ in art. زم]. [Hence,] one says, مَا لَهُ صَامِتٌ وَلَا نَاطِقٌ ‡ [He has not mute nor vocal property; or he has not dead nor live stock]: (Ṣ, M, A:) by the former are meant gold and silver; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and by the latter, camels, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and sheep or goats, (Ṣ,) or animals: (M:) i. e. he has not aught. (Ṣ.)
Also, of camels, † Twenty, (O, Ḳ,) and the like. (O.)
And of milk, † Such as is thick. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
أَصْمَتُ: see مُصْمِتٌ.
لَقِيتُهُ بِوَحْشِ إِصْمِتَ and بِبَلْدَةِ إِصْمِتَ AZ explains as meaning [I met him, or met with him, or found him,] in a desert place, in which was no one to cheer by his company: (Ṣ: [and in like manner the latter phrase is expl. in the M:]) accord. to Kr, بِبَلْدَةٍ إِصْمِتَ; but the phrase commonly known is بِبَلْدَةِ إِصْمِتَ: (M:) or تَرَكْتُهُ بِبَلْدَةِ إِصْمِتَ [I left him] in the desert, or waterless desert: or in such a place that it was not known where he was: (Ḳ:) and بِصَحْرَآءِ إِصْمِتَ (M, Ḳ) meaning as above, (Ḳ,) or having the latter of these two meanings: (M:) and بِوَحْشِ إِصْمِتَ andإِصْمِتَةَ↓, (M, Ḳ,) mentioned, but not expl., by Lḥ, (M,) meaning as above, (Ḳ,) or app. meaning in the desert, or waterless desert: (M:) and some say, بِوَحْشِ الإِصْمِتَيْنِ: (TA:) اصمت is as above, with the disjunctive alif; and also with the conjunctive [i. e. ٱصْمِتَ]: (O, Ḳ:) it is imperfectly decl., (Ṣ, MF, TA,) because combining the quality of a proper name with the fem. gender or with the measure of a verb: (MF, TA:) it is said that the desert, or waterless desert, is thus called because in it one fears much; as though everyone [therein] said to his companion, اصمت [i. e. اُصْمُتْ or أَصْمِتْ, “Be thou silent”]; like as they say of a مَهْمَه that it is so called because a man [therein] says to his companion, مَهْ مَهْ: (MA:) [for] accord. to some the word إِصْمِت is an imperative changed into a subst., and hence the ء is disjunctive, and it may be with kesr accord. to a dial. var. [of the imperative] that has not reached us: accord. to Yákoot, it is the name of a particular desert; but others say that the proper name [of that desert] is وَحْشُ إِصْمِتَ. (TA in art. وحش.)
إِصْمِتَة: see the next preceding paragraph.
مُضْمَتٌ [primarily signifies Made, or rendered, silent, mute, or speechless.]
[And hence,] Solid; not hollow; having no cavity. (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.) [For that which is without a cavity is generally non-sonorous.]
And A door, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and a lock, (M, Ḳ,) closed, or locked, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) so that one cannot find the way to open it. (Ṣ, M,* Ḳ.*) A poet says,
* وَمِنْ دُونِ لَيْلَى مُصْمَتَاتُ المَقَاصِرِ *
[And in the way to Leylà are what are closed, &c., of chambers to which the owner alone has access: مَقَاصِر being used by poetic license for مَقَاصَير, pl. of مَقْصُورَةٌ]. (TA.)
Also A garment, or piece of cloth, of one, unmixed, colour. (M, Mgh, Ḳ.) The garment thus termed that is disliked is That of which the warp and woof are both of silk: or such as is woven of undressed silk, and then dressed, and dyed of one colour: (Mgh:) [or] such as is termed مُصْمَتٌ مِنْ خَزٍّ, i. e. consisting entirely of silk, not mixed with cotton nor with other material, was forbidden by the Prophet. (TA.)
[Hence,] فَرَسٌ مُصْمَتٌ A horse of one, unmixed, colour; in which is no colour differing from the rest: (Ṣ, A, TA:) pl. خَيْلٌ مُصْمَتَاتٌ. (TA.) And أَدْهَمُ مُصْمَتٌ [applied to a horse] † Black unmixed with any other colour. (TA.)
[Hence also,] إِنَآءٌ مُصْمَتٌ † A vessel not silvered, or not ornamented with silver. (Mgh.) And بَيْضَةٌ مُصْمَتَةٌ † A helmet made of one piece. (AO, TA in art. بيض.) And حَلْىٌ مُصْمَتٌ † A woman's ornament that is not intermixed with another: or, accord. to Aḥmad Ibn-ʼObeyd, that has stuck fast upon its wearer, so that it does not move about; such as the armlet, and the anklet, and the like. (TA.)
The فَهْد [or lynx, an animal proverbial for much sleeping,] is said to be مُصْمتُ النَّوْمِ ‡ [app. meaning A heavy sleeper]. (A, TA.)
الحُرُوفُ المُصْمَتَةُ are All the letters [of the Arabic alphabet] except those called حُرُوفُ الذَّلَاقَةِ [or الحُرُوفُ الذُّلْقُ]; (M, TA;) i. e. (TA) all the letters except those comprised in the phrase مُرْ بِنَفْلٍ. (Ḳ, TA.) [What is here rendered “except” (i. e. مَا عَدَا) is said by MF to be omitted in most of the copies of the Ḳ.]
مُصْمِتٌ Tongue-tied; (O, TA;) not speaking: (TA:) applied to a sick man [when he is unable to speak]: (O, TA:) andأًصْمَتُ↓ [signifies the same,] i. q. أَبْهَمُ and مُبْهَمٌ. (So in copies of the Ḳ in art. بهم. [In one of the explanations which I have given of مُبْهَمٌ in consequence of an omission (to be supplied in Book II.), أَصْمَتُ is made syn. with مُصْمَتٌ.])
أَلْفٌ مُصَمَّتٌ † A thousand completed; (M, Ḳ;) like مُصَتَّمٌ; (M;) as alsoمُصْمَتٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
مُصَمِّتٌ [A silencer, or quieter: and hence,]
One who cares for another's complaint. (M,* Meyd, TA.) One says, (M, Meyd, TA,) i. e. a rájiz says, addressing a camel belonging to him, (Ḥar p. 642,)
* إِنَّكَ لَا تَشْكُو إِلَى مُصَمِّتِ ** فَٱصْبِرْ عَلَى الحِمْلِ الثَّقِيلِ أَوْ مُتِ *
[Verily thou complainest not to one who cares for thy complaint; therefore endure with patience the bearing of the heavy burden, or die]. (M, Meyd, TA.) تَشْكُو إِلَى غَيْرِ مُصَمِّتٍ, i. e. [Thou complainest] to one who cares not for thy case, is a proverb. (Meyd.)