صلى صم صمت
صّمَّ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and صَمِمَ, which is extr., (M, Ḳ,) [first pers. of each صَمِمْتُ,] aor. يَصَمُّ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. صَمَمٌ (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صَمٌّ; (M, Ḳ;) andأَصَمَّ↓; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) He was, or became, deaf; (M,* Mṣb, Ḳ;*) [or] he had a stoppage of the ear, and a heaviness of hearing. (M, Ḳ.) And صَمَّتِ الأُذُنُ, aor. as above, inf. n. صَمَمٌ, The ear was, or became, deaf. (Mṣb.)
[And He was, or became, as though he heard not.] One says, صَمَّ عَنْهُ † [He was as though he heard not him, or it; he was deaf to him, or it]; (M;) andأَصَمَّ↓ عَنْهُ [meaning the same]. (Ṣ, M.)
[Hence صَمَّ signifies also † He or it, uttered, or made, no sound or noise; like him who, not hearing, returns no reply to a call or question; † was dumb, or mute.] One says, صَمَّتْ حَصَاةٌ بِدَمٍ ‡ [A pebble made no sound in falling upon the ground by reason of blood]; i. e. the blood was so copious that if one threw a pebble into it no sound would be heard in consequence thereof, (Aṣ, Ṣ, M, Meyd, Ḳ, TA,) because it would not fall upon the ground: (Aṣ, Ṣ, Meyd:) the saying is a prov. (Meyd.) And hence the saying of Imra-el-Ḳeys, صمِّى ٱبْنَةَ الجَبَلِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) in the following verse:
* بُدِّلْتُ مِنْ وَائِلٍ وَكِنْدَةَ عَدْ ** وَانَ وَفَهْمًا صَمِّى ٱبْنَةَ الجَبَلِ *
† [I have been given in exchange, for Wáïl and Kindeh,' Adwán and Fahm: make no sound, O pebble: app. meaning that he would shed much blood]: (Ṣ, TA: but this verse is omitted in one of my two copies of the Ṣ:) or the meaning is, O echo; (Ṣ, M, Meyd, Ḳ;) so they assert: (AHeyth, TA:) or O calamity; the saying being a prov.; (Meyd, TA;) applied to the case of a severe calamity; as though meaning be dumb, O calamity; said by Aṣ to be applied in relation to an event deemed excessively foul or evil: (TA:) or O serpent; (Meyd, TA;) which is said to be the primary meaning: (Meyd:) or O rock. (AHeyth, Ḳ, TA. [See also the second of the sentences here following.]) One says also, صَمَّ صَدَاهُ ‡ [His echo became dumb, or may his echo become dumb;] meaning he perished, or may he perish. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) Andصَمِّى صَمَامِ↓ [in the CK erroneously written صُمِّى] meaning ‡ Increase, O calamity: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or it is applied to a man who brings to pass a calamity, and means be dumb, O calamity: (TA:) or صَمَامِ means calamity, and war; but primarily, the serpent; and this saying, like صَمِّى ٱبْنَةَ الجَبَلِ, is a prov. said when two parties refuse to make peace, and persist in opposition; meaning answer not the charmer, O serpent, but continue as thou art wont to be. (Meyd.)
صَمَمٌ in relation to stones, (Lth, TA,) or stone, (M,) [app. as an inf. n.,] signifies The being hard [and solid (see أَصَمُّ)]; or [as a simple subst.] hardness [and solidity]: (Lth, M, TA:) and in relation to a spear-shaft, the being compact; or compactness. (M.) One says, صَمَّ الحَجَرُ, inf. n. صَمَمٌ, The stone was hard [and solid]. (MA.) And صَمَّتِ الفِتْنَةُ, meaning [The trial, or civil war, &c.,] was, or became, hard, vehement, or severe. (Mṣb.)
صَمَّ القَارُورَةَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or صَمٌّ رَأْسَ القَارُورَةِ, (M,) aor. ـُ, (PṢ, [in a copy of the M ـِ, contr. to a general rule in the case of a trans. verb of this class, and app. a mistranscription,]) inf. n. صَمٌّ, (M,) He stopped the flask or bottle [app. with a صَمَام]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he stopped the head of the flask or bottle, and bound it; as alsoاصمّهُ↓: (Ḳ:) or اصمّ القَارُورَةَ signifies he put a صِمَام to the flask or bottle. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And صَمَّ الجُرْحَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. صَمٌّ, He bound the wound, and put upon it a bandage with medicament. (M.)
And صَمَّهُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) inf. n. صَمٌّ, (M,) He struck him, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or it, i. e. his head, (M,) with a staff, or stick, (Ṣ, M,) and with a stone, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and with the like thereof. (M.) And صُمَّ, with damm, He was struck vehemently. (IAạr, TA.)
صمّم, said of a sword, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA,) accord. to the Ḳ, signifies It struck the joint, and cut, or severed, it: or i. q. طَبَّقَ: but this is at variance with what is said by J and other leading authorities; which is as follows: (TA:) it penetrated into the bone, and cut, or severed, it; but when it strikes the joint, and cuts, or severs, it, one says طَبَّقَ; a poet says, describing a sword,
* يُصَمِّمُ أَحْيَانًا وَحِينًا يُطَبِّقُ *
[It penetrates into the bone, &c., sometimes, and at one time it strikes the joint, &c.]: (Ṣ, TA:) or it passed into the bones: (M:) andصَمْصَمَ↓, said of a sword, signifies the same: (M, TA:) or تَصْمِيمٌ signifies a sword's penetrating into that which is struck with it without its causing any sound to be heard; from الصَّمَمُ in the ear. (Ḥam p. 326.)
And hence تَصْمِيمٌ signifies also ‡ A man's keeping constantly, or perseveringly, to the thing that he purposes, until he attains [it]. (Ḥam ubi suprà.) One says, صَمَّمَ عَلَى كَذَا † He kept constantly, or perseveringly, to his opinion in respect of such a thing, after his desiring to do it. (IDrd, TA.)
And صمّم, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. تَصْمِيمٌ, (M, Ḳ,) ‡ He acted, or went on, with penetrative energy, or with sharpness, vigorousness, and effectiveness, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) in an affair, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) and in journeying, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) in this case said of a horse, (Z, TA,) and in other things; (Ṣ;) as alsoصَمْصَمَ↓. (Ḳ.)
And ‡ He bit, and infixed his canine teeth, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) and did not let go what he bit: (Ṣ, TA:) or صمّم فِى عَضَّتِهِ he infixed his teeth [or canine teeth] in his bite. (A, TA.)
And صمّم الفَرَسَ العَلَفَ ‡ He (a man) enabled the horse to take of the fodder to such a degree that fat and repletion stuffed him. (Ḳ,* TA.)
And صمّم صَاحِبَهُ الحَدِيثَ ‡ He made his companion to retain the narrative, or story, in his memory. (Ḳ,* TA.)
اصمّ, intrans.: see 1, first and fourth sentences.
اصمّهُ He, (God, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or it, (a disease, M,) rendered him deaf; (Ṣ,* M,* Mṣb, Ḳ;*) [or] caused him to have a stoppage of the ear, and a heaviness of hearing. (M, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] أَصَمَّنِى الكَلَامَ † He, or it, diverted me from hearing the speech; as though he, or it, rendered me deaf. (TA.)
[Hence, اصمّهُ signifies also † He, or it, caused him to be as though he heard not.]
[And hence, † He, or it, caused him, or it, to utter, or make, no sound or noise; like him who, not hearing, returns no reply to a call, or question; to be dumb, or mute.] One says, أَصَمَّ ٱللّٰهُ صَدَاهُ ‡ [May God make his echo to return no sound;] meaning may God destroy him: (TA:) a prov., said in imprecating death upon a man; the صدي being that which returns the like of his voice, or cry, from the mountains &c.; and when a man dies, the صدي hears not from him anything that it should answer him, so that it is as though it were deaf. (Meyd.) [In the vulgar language, صَمَّمَ↓ likewise signifies † He silenced him, reduced him to silence, or closed his mouth: so says De Sacy, in his Chrest. Arabe, sec. ed., iii. 379.]
And اصمّهُ [in the CK اَصْمَمَهُ] also signifies He found him to be أَصَمّ [i. e. deaf]. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) One says, نَادَاهُ فَأَصَمَّهُ [He called him, or called to him, and found him to be deaf]. (TA.) And أَصَمَّ دُعَاؤُهُ His call found persons deaf to it, (Th, M, Ḳ,) who would not hear his censure. (Ḳ.)
See also 1, near the end.
تصامّ He feigned himself to be أَصَمّ [i. e. deaf]. (Ṣ.) [It is intrans. and trans.] You say, تصامّ عَنْهُ and تصامّهُ He feigned to him that he was deaf. (M.) And تصامّ عَنِ الحَدِيثِ (M, Ḳ) and تصامّهُ (M) He feigned (M, Ḳ) to his companion (M) that he was deaf to the narrative, or story. (M, Ḳ.*) تَصَامَمْتُهُ means تَصَامَمْتُ مِنْهُ [or عَنْهُ], i. e. I made a show of being deaf [to it], and feigned myself inattentive [to it]. (Ḥam p. 169.)
R. Q. 1. (صمصم)
صَمْصَمَ: see 2, in two places.
صَمْصَمَتِ الصِّمَّةُ, (TḲ,) inf. n. صَمْصَمَةٌ, (Ḳ, TḲ,) The female hedge-hog uttered its cry. (Ḳ,* TḲ.)
الصِّمُّ a name for † Calamity, or misfortune; (Ṣ, TA;) as alsoالصِّمَّةُ↓, (TA,) and soصَمَامِ↓, like قَطَامِ, in a phrase mentioned in the first paragraph, q. v. (Ṣ, Ḳ. [See also this last word below.])
And † The lion; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoالصِّمَّةُ↓, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) thus called because of his courage, [i. e. from the latter word as signifying “courageous,” but accord. to the Mṣb the reverse is the case,] (M,) and soالصُّمَصِمُ↓ andالصُّمَاصِمُ↓: (Ḳ:) the pl. ofصِمَّةٌ↓ is صِمَمٌ. (TA.)
صِمَّةٌ Courageous; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) applied to a man; (Ṣ, M;) one who renders deaf him whom he smites. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
See also the next preceding paragraph, in three places.
Also A male serpent: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) pl. صِمَمٌ. (Ṣ.)
And A female hedge-hog. (Ḳ.)
صَمَمٌ inf. n. of the intrans. verb صَمَّ [q. v.]. (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
See also صِمْصِمٌ, in four places.
صَمَامِ [an imperative verbal noun, like نَزَالِ &c.]. One says, صَمَامِ صَمَامِ, meaning Feign ye deafness, in silence. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) Also meaning Charge ye upon the enemy. (AHeyth, TA.)
Also ‡ Hard, or severe, calamity or misfortune; and soالصَّمَّآءُ↓; (Ḳ, TA;) [as though] closed up [or obdurate, or deaf to deprecation]: (TA:) or الصَّمَّآءُ signifies [simply] calamity, or misfortune: (Ṣ:) andدَاهِيَةٌ صَمَّآءُ↓ signifies a calamity, or misfortune, [as though] closed up, and hard. (M.) See also الصِّمُّ, above.
صِمَامٌ The سِدَاد [or stopper], (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) [i. e.] the thing that is put into the mouth, (Mṣb,) of a flask, or bottle: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and its شِدَاد [app. meaning the piece of skin that is tied over the head]: (M:) or accord. to some it signifies the عِفَاص [which has the latter meaning]: (Mṣb:) or it signifies the thing that is put into the head of the flask, or bottle; and عِفَاص signifies the “thing [or piece of skin] that is tied upon it:” (M:) andصِمَامَةٌ↓ signifies the same as صِمَامٌ, (IAạr, Ḳ,) as alsoصِمَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
Also The فَرْج; perhaps for مَوْضِعُ صِمَامٍ: (Mgh, TA:) so in a trad., in which it is said that الوَطْءُ should be in one صِمَام: but, as some relate it, the word is there with س [i. e. سِمَام]. (TA.)
صَمِيمٌ The bone that is the [main] stay, or support, of the limb or member or the like; (M, Ḳ, and Ḥam p. 302;) as the صميم [or principal bone] of the shank (M and Ḥam) of a beast, (M,) and that of the head; (M and Ḥam;) opposed to وَشِيظٌ, because the latter is smaller than the former: (M:) and the thing that is the [main] stay, or support, of another thing. (Ḥam p. 359.)
[Hence,] The heart: so in a saying of a poet cited voce دَلَفَ. (Ḥam p. 678.)
And hence, also, (TA,) ‡ The prime, principal, or most essential, part; (M, Ḳ, TA;) the choice, best, or most excellent, part; of a thing (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) of any kind. (M.) One says, هُوَ فِى صَمِيمِ قَوْمِهِ ‡ [He is of the choice, best, or most excellent, of his people or party; of the main stock thereof; or of those that constitute the members, exclusive of such as are followers, or incorporated confederates, thereof]: (Ṣ, TA:) contr. of شَظًى (Ṣ in art. شظى) [and of شِقٌّ, q. v.].
And ‡ The greatest intenseness or vehemence or violence, or the most intense or vehement or violent degree, of heat, and of cold: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or simply the intenseness or vehemence or violence thereof. (M.)
And † The middle [or core] of the heart. (Mṣb.)
And The shell (lit. the dry, or hard, exterior covering) of the egg. (Ḳ.)
Also an epithet, applied to a man, (M, Ḳ,) and to a woman, and to two persons (M,) and to a pl. number, (M, Ḳ,) ‡ Pure, unmixed, or genuine, in respect of race, lineage, or parentage. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
صِمَامَةٌ: see صِمَامٌ.
صَمَّانٌ Hard ground, (M,) [i. e.] any such ground, (Ḳ,) containing stones, by the side of sands; as alsoصَمَّانَةٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) or the latter is a n. un.; and the former signifies hard ground: (Ḥam p. 285:) or rugged ground, (Ṣ, M,) falling short of what is called جَبَلٌ: (M:) it is so called because of its hardness. (TA.)
صَمَّانَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
صَمْصَمٌ Very niggardly or tenacious: (Ḳ:) or niggardly, or tenacious, in the utmost degree. (IAạr, TA.)
صِمْصِمٌ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) applied to a man, (Ṣ, M,) Thick: (AʼObeyd, Ṣ:) or short and thick: (M, Ḳ:) or it signifies, (Ṣ,) or signifies also, (Ḳ,) bold, or daring; that acts, or proceeds, with penetrative energy, or with sharpness, vigorousness, and effectiveness: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and applied to a man and to a horse, (M, Ḳ,) and to a mare, (M,) [in like manner,] i. q.مُصَمِّمٌ↓ [and مُصَمِّمَةٌ (in the CK مُصَمَّمٌ is erroneously put for مُصَمِّمٌ) i. e. that acts, or proceeds, with penetrative energy, or with sharpness, vigourousness, and effectiveness], (M, Ḳ,) as alsoصَمَمٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) orصَمْصَمٌ↓, (so in a copy of the M,) andصَمْصَامٌ↓, andصَمْصَامَةٌ↓, andصُمَصِمٌ↓, andصُمَاصِمٌ↓, (M, Ḳ, the last omitted in the TA,) andصُمَاصِمَةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or strong, robust, or hardy: or compact in make: (M, in relation to all of these epithets:) orصَمَمٌ↓, applied to a man, has the former of these two meanings: or the latter of them; as also صِمْصِمٌ, andصُمَصِمٌ↓: and, accord. to AO, صَمَمٌ↓ applied to a horse, andصَمَمَةٌ↓ to a mare, signify strong, firm, compact in make. (TA.)
صُمَصِمٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places:
صَمْصَمَةٌ inf. n. of R. Q. 1 [q. v.]
صِمْصِمَةٌ A company, or collection, (M, Ḳ,) of men; like زِمْزِمَةٌ; neither of which words is formed by substitution from the other: (M, TA: [in the TA in art. زم, this is said of زِمْزِمَةٌ and ضِمْضِمَةٌ:]) pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] صِمْصِمٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
Also The middle of a people or party; and soصَمْصَمَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
And A rugged [hill such as is termed] أَكَمَة, of which the stones are almost erect. (En-Naḍr, TA.)
صَمْصَامٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or سَيْفٌ صَمْصَامٌ, (M,) andصَمْصَامَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, [in the CK, erroneously, صِمْصَامَة,]) A sword, (Ḳ,) or a sharp sword, (Ṣ, M,) that will not bend. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) الصَّمْصَامُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) orالصَّمْصَامَةُ↓, (M,) was the name of The sword of ʼAmr Ibn-Maadee-Kerib. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) And some of the Arabs make صَمْصَامَةُ↓, thus without tenween, imperfectly decl., to be the name of A particular sword. (IB, TA.)
صَمْصَامَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places:
صُمَاصِمٌ: see صِمْصِمٌ:
صُمَاصِمَةٌ: see صِمْصِمٌ.
أَصَمُّ applied to any animal, (Mgh,) Deaf; (Ṣ,* M,* Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;*) [or] having a stoppage of the ear, and a heaviness of hearing; (M, Ḳ:) fem. صَمَّآءُ: (Mgh, Mṣb:) pl. صُمٌّ (M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صُمَّانٌ. (M, Ḳ.) A poet says,
* أَصَمُّ عَمَّا سَآءَهُ سَمِيعُ *
(TA,) a prov., (Meyd,) meaning Feigning himself deaf to that which displeases him, (Meyd, TA,) i. e. to what is foul, (Meyd,) as though he heard it not, (TA,) but hearing (Meyd, TA) that which pleases him, i. e. what is good; as does the generous man. (Meyd.) And similar is the saying,
* وَلِى أُذْنٌ عَنِ الفَحْشَآءِ صَمَّا *
[And I have an ear deaf to that which is foul]. (TA.) [See also Ḥam p. 636, for another similar ex.] One says likewise, دَعَاهُ دَعْوَةَ الأَصَمِّ † He called him [with the call of the deaf, meaning,] with extraordinary force. (TA.) And ضَرَبَهُ ضَرْبَ الأَصَمِّ ‡ He beat him [with the beating of the deaf, meaning,] uninterruptedly and excessively; because the deaf, when he does thus, [not hearing any cry,] imagines that he is falling short of what he should do, and therefore will not leave off. (TA.) And لَمَعَ بِثَوْبِهِ لَمْعَ الأَصَمِّ † He (one warning a people from afar) made a sign by waving his garment continually, as does the deaf; as though he heard not the reply. (TA.) And حَيَّةٌ أَصَمُّ (M, Ḳ, TA) and صَمَّآءُ (TA) ‡ A serpent that will not accept charming; (M, Ḳ, TA;) as though it heard it not; (M;) that will not obey the charmer: (TA:) and [in like manner] the epithet صُمٌّ is applied to scorpions. (M.) And رَجُلٌ أَصَمُّ ‡ A man whom one does not hope to win over, and who will not be turned back from the object of his desire; (M, Ḳ, TA;) as though he were called and would not hear. (M, TA.) And دَهْرٌ أَصَمُّ † [Inexorable fortune;] as though one complained to it and it would not hear. (M.) And الصَّمَّآءُ and دَاهِيَةٌ صَمَّآءُ as expl. voce صَمَامِ, q. v. And فِتْنَةٌ صَمَّآءُ † A sedition, or the like, that is severe, or hard to be borne; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) to the allaying of which there is no way; because of its having gone to the utmost extent. (TA. [See also أَبْكَمُ.]) And أَمْرٌ أَصَمُّ † An affair, or event, that is severe, or hard to be borne. (TA.) And صَمَمٌ is tropically attributed to الحِلْم: (M:) a poet, cited by Th, says,
* قُلْ مَا بَدَا لَكَ مِنْ زُورٍ وَمِنْ كَذِبٍ ** حِلْمِى أَصَمُّ وَأُذْنِى غَيْرُ صَمَّآءِ *
‡ [the last word I find written thus, app. for the sake of the rhyme: i. e. Say what occurs to thee, of falsehood and of lying: my forbearance is deaf, i. e. insensible, to it, though my ear is not deaf]. (M, TA.) صَمَّآءُ is applied to a قَطَاة [or bird of the species termed قَطًا, and may in this case be rendered † Small-eared, or dull-eared, being applied thereto] because of the سَكَك [i. e. smallness &c.] of its ear or because it is deaf when thirsting. (M.) And الأَصَمُّ [as though meaning ‡ The deafmute] is an epithet applied to رَجَب, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the month thus named, (Mṣb,) which the people of the Time of Ignorance called شَهْرُ ٱللّٰهِ الأَصَمُّ, (Kh, Ṣ,) because the cry of the caller for aid was not heard in it, (Kh, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,*) shouting يَا لَفُلَانٍ and يَا صَبَاحَاهْ, (M, Ḳ,) nor the commotion of fight, (Kh, Ṣ, Mṣb,) nor the clash of arms, it being one of the sacred months: (Kh, Ṣ:) thus applied it is tropical, like نَائِمٌ in the phrase لَيْلٌ نَائِمٌ; as though, in it, the man were deaf to the sound of arms: (TA:) and in like manner it is also called مُنْصِلُ الأَلِّ. (M. [See also الأَصَبُّ, and مُحَرَّمٌ, and شَهْرٌ.])
And [as that which is without a cavity is generally nonsonorous,] one says حَجَرٌ أَصَمُّ meaning ‡ Hard (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and solid (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) stone: (Ṣ, &c.:) and صَخْرَةٌ صَمَّآءُ ‡ a hard and solid rock: (Ḳ, TA:) or this latter signifies † a rock in which is no crack nor hole: pl. صُمٌّ. (TA.) And قَنَاةٌ صَمَّآءُ † A compact spear-shaft. (M.)
الصَّمَّآءُ also signifies † The earth, or ground. (M:) And أَرْضٌ صَمَّآءُ † Rugged ground: pl. صُمٌّ. (Ḳ.)
Also [app. † The vermiform appendage of the cœcum;] the thin, or slender, extremity of the عفجة: (Ḳ: [the last word in this explanation is thus, without any syll. signs, in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ and in the TA: in the CK, عَفِجَة: but the right reading is evidently عِفَجَة, which is said in the TA, in art. عفج, to be, like أَعْفَاجٌ, a pl. of عَفَجٌ and its dial. vars.: see this last word:]) thus called [in my opinion because resembling a meatus auditorius that is closed, and therefore deaf; though said to be so called] because of its hardness. (TA.)
And نَاقَةٌ صَمَّآءُ ‡ A fat she-camel: (Ḳ, TA:) and, (Ḳ,) or as some say, (TA,) one that has just conceived, or become pregnant. (Ḳ, TA.)
اِشْتِمَالُ الصَّمَّآءِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) which is forbidden in a trad., (TA,) is † The covering oneself with his garment, like [as is done in the case of] the شِمْلَة of the Arabs of the desert with their [garments called] أَكْسِيَة [pl. of كِسَآء]; (AʼObeyd, Ṣ;) i. e. the turning the كِسَآء, from the direction of one's right, upon his left arm and the part between his left shoulderjoint and neck, and then turning it a second time, from behind him, upon his right arm and the part between his right shoulder-joint and neck, so as to cover them both: (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the wrapping oneself with the garment without making to it a place from which to put forth the hand: (Mṣb:) or, (Ḳ,) as the lawyers explain it, (AʼObeyd, Ṣ,) it is the wrapping one's body and arms with one garment, not having upon him another, and then raising it [in the Ḳ, as is said in the TA, يَضَعُهُ is erroneously put for يَرْفَعُهُ] on one of its sides, and putting it upon his shoulder, so that his pudendum appears from it: (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, Ḳ:) [but] with the Arabs, لِبْسَةُ الصَّمَّآءِ means the covering one's whole body with his garment, and not raising a side from which to put forth his hand: (Mgh:) when you say, of a man, اِشْتَمَلَ الصَّمَّآءَ, it is as though you said, اِشْتَمَلَ الشِّمْلَةَ الصَّمَّآءَ; for الصَّمَّآء is a sort of اِشْتِمَال. (Ṣ. [See also اِشْتَمَلَ, and الشِّمْلَةُ الصَّمَّآءُ, in art. شمل.])
جَذْرٌ أَصَمُّ † A surd, or an irrational, root, in arithmetic; which is known only to God, accord. to a saying of ʼÁïsheh: opposed to جَذْرٌ نَاطِقٌ. (Mgh in art. جذر.)
[فِعْلٌ أَصَمُّ A surd verb is a term sometimes used in grammar, as meaning a triliteral-radical verb of the class commonly called مُضَاعَفٌ of which the second and third radicals are the same letter.]
صَوْتٌ مَصِمٌّ A sound, or noise, or voice, that deafens the ear-hole. (TA.)
أَلْفٌ مُصَمَّمٌ † A thousand completed; like مُصَمَّتٌ and مُصْمَتٌ. (TA in art. صمت.)
مُصَمِّمٌ A sword that passes into the bones: (M:) or that penetrates into that which is struck with it. (TA.)
And † A strong camel: so says Aboo-ʼAmr Esh-Sheybánee: and he cites the saying,
* حَمَّلْتُ أَثْقَالِى مُصَمِّمَاتِهَا *
[as meaning I loaded their strong camels with my burdens]: (TA:) or the مُصَمِّمَات, here mentioned, are the camels that do not utter a grumbling cry; patient of travel. (Ḥam p. 791.)