صبح صبر صبع
صَبَرَهُ, aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) inf. n. صَبْرٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He confined him; held him in custody; detained, retained, restrained, or withheld, him, or it; (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ;) عَنْهُ from it. (M, A, Ḳ.) [Accord. to a copy of the A, صبّرهُ↓ signifies the same; but this may be a mistranscription. Hence,] صَبَرْتُ نَفْسِى I restrained, or withheld, myself, or my soul; (Ṣ, Mgh;) عَلَى كَذَا [to endure such a thing]. (Mgh.) 'Antarah says, mentioning a battle in which he was engaged,
* فَصَبَرْتُ عَارِفَةً لِذٰلِكَ حُرَّةً ** تَرْسُوا إِذَا نَفْسُ الجَبَانِ تَطَلَّعُ *
meaning حَبَسْتُ نَفْسًا صَابِرَةً [i. e. And I restrained thereat a soul patient and ingenuous, that is firm when the soul of the coward yearns: the last word (for تَتَطَلَّعُ) I have here rendered on the supposition that the poet describes the soul of the coward as one that is yearning for home]. (Ṣ.) [And hence,] صَبَرَ is also used intransitively: (Mṣb:) [or as a trans. verb of which the objective complement, namely, نَفْسَهُ, is understood:] you say, صَبَرَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) He was, or became patient, or enduring; contr. of جَزِعَ: (M, Ḳ:) or he restrained, or withheld, himself, or his soul, from impatience: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) or he restrained, or withheld, himself, or his soul, from impatience, and his tongue from complaint, and his members from broil: or, accord. to Dhu-n-Noon, he shunned acts of opposition, and was calm in suffering the pangs of afflictions, and made a show of competence in a state of protracted poverty in places where the means of subsistence were found: or, as some say, he endured trial, or affliction, with good manners: or he was contented in trial, or affliction, without show of complaint: or he constrained himself to attempt things that he disliked: or, accord. to ʼAmr Ibn-ʼOthmán, he maintained constancy with God, and received his trials with an unstraitened mind: or, accord. to El-Khowwás, he steadily adhered to the statutes of the Ḳur-án and the Sunneh: or, as some say, he was content to perish for gaining the approval of him whom he loved: or, accord. to El-Hareeree, he made no difference between a state of ease, comfort, and affluence, and a state of affliction; preserving calmness of mind in both states: (B:) and you also say اِصْطَبَرَ↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andاِصَّبَرَ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, اصْبَرَّ,]) changing the ط into Ṣ, but not اِطَّبَرَ, for Ṣ is not to be incorporated into ط; (Ṣ;) and likewise تصبّر↓; (M, Ḳ;) both syn. with صَبَرَ; (M;) orتصبّر↓ signifies he constrained himself to be patient; (Ṣ, TA;) [or he took patience: andاصطبر↓, he acquired patience; and he was tried with patience: see صَابِرٌ.] One says, صَبَرَ فُلَانٌ عِنْدَ المُصِيبَةِ Such a one was patient on the occasion of affliction. (Ṣ.) And صَبَرْتُ عَلَى مَا أَكْرَهُ [I was patient of, or I endured with patience, or bore with, what I dislike]. (A.) And صَبَرْتُ عَمَّا أُحِبُّ [I endured with patience the withholding of myself, or the being debarred, from what I love, or like; or I was patient of the loss, or want, of what I love, or like]: (A:) andتَصَبَّرْتُ↓ عَنْهُ [I constrained myself to endure with patience the withholding myself, or the being debarred, from it, or him; or I constrained myself to be patient of the loss, or want, of it, or him]. (L, voce تَجَلَّدَ.) Andأَفْضَلُ الصَّبْرِ التَّصَبُّرُ↓ [The most excellent kind of patience is the constraint of oneself to be patient]: a saying of ʼOmar. (IAạr.) And بَدَنِى لَا يَصْبِرُ عَلَى البَرْدِ ‡ [My body will not be patient of cold, or will not endure patiently cold]. (A.) And صَبْرٌ signifies also The being bold or daring [in enduring, or attempting, a thing]. (TA.)
Also He made him, or it, firm, or fast; or bound, or tied, him, or it, firmly, or fast. (TA.) [Hence,] صَبَرَهُ عَلَى القَتْلِ, inf. n. as above, He confined him, namely, a man, and other than man, [with bonds or otherwise,] (Ḳ, TA,) alive, (TA,) and shot, or cast, at him until he died: (Ḳ, TA:) or he set him up for slaughter: (M:) and you say also, قَتَلَهُ صَبْرًا; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and صَبَرَهُ; meaning he confined him (i. e. a man) to die, until he died; and in like manner you say اصبرهُ↓; (Ṣ;) which latter signifies also he slew him in retaliation. (T in art. بوأ.) And قُتِلَ صَبْرًا He (i. e. any living thing) was confined alive, and then shot at, or cast at, until he was put to death: (Ṣ:) or he (any living thing) was bound until he was put to death: (Mṣb:) or he (a man) was bound hand and foot, or held by another man, until he was beheaded: (Mgh:) or he was slain [deliberately,] not on the field of battle, nor in war or fight, nor by mistake: (AʼObeyd:) and صُبِرَ he was confined, (A,) or held and confined, (B,) to be put to death. (A, B.) صَبْرُ الرُّوحِ [signifies The confining the living, and shooting, or casting, at him until he dies; as is shown in the TA: but it] occurs in a trad., in which it is forbidden, as meaning the act of gelding, or castrating. (A, TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Mṣb,) He confined him to make him swear, until he swore, or took an oath; as alsoاصبرهُ↓: (Ṣ:) or he made him to swear a most energetic oath; (Mṣb;) as also صَبَرَ يَمِينَهُ, (A, Mgh,) which is a tropical phrase: (A:) andاصبرهُ↓, (TA in art. بلت,) orاصبرهُ↓ عَلَى يَمِينٍ, (TA in the present art.,) he (the judge, or governor,) constrained him to swear, or take an oath. (TA.) And صُبِرَ He was confined, or held in custody, in order that he might be made to swear, or take an oath. (A.) And حَلَفَ صَبْرًا He swore, or took an oath, being confined, or held in custody, (Ṣ, M,) by the judge, or governor, (M,) in order that he might be made to do so. (Ṣ, M.) And صَبَرَ يَمِينًا He swore, or took an oath: (TA in art. بلت:) and he compelled one to take an oath. (Mgh.)
Also He clave to him; namely, a man; syn. لَزِمَهُ. (M, Ḳ.)
صَبَرَمِنْهُ: see 8.
صَبَرْتُ, (Ṣ, [thus in my copies, without any complement,]) or صَبَرْتُ بِهِ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. صَبْرٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صَبَارَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) I became responsible, or surety, for him, or it. (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
And اُصْبُرْنِى Give thou to me a surety. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
صَبَرُوا طَعَامَهُمْ, (so in the CK, [agreeably with an explanation of the pass. part. n. مَصْبُورٌ, q. v.,]) orصَبَّرُوهُ↓, (so in the M, and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, [both probably correct,]) They collected their wheat together without measuring or weighing it; made it a صُبْرَة [q. v.] (M, Ḳ.)
صبّرهُ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَصْبِيرٌ, (TA,) He urged him, or made him, to be patient, by a promise of reward: or he said to him, Be thou patient: andصَبَرَهُ↓ he made him to be patient: (Mṣb:) or the former, he commanded him, or enjoined him, to be patient; as alsoاصبرهُ↓: (M, Ḳ:) and the first, he required of him that he should be patient: (Ṣgh, TA:) andاصبرهُ↓, he attributed to him (جَعَلَ لَهُ) patience; (M, Ḳ;) as alsoاصطبرهُ↓. (TA.)
See also 1, second sentence.
صبّروا طَعَامَهُمْ: see 1, last sentence.
صبّر الشَّىْءَ, inf. n. as above, He heaped up the thing. (O.)
[صبّر also signifies He embalmed a dead body with صَبِر, meaning accord. to Freytag myrrh; but for this I know not any authority: he mentions the verb as occurring in this sense in “Hamak. Waked.” p. 94, last line.]
[Also He ballasted a ship: used in this sense in the present day. See صَابُورَةٌ.]
صابرهُ, (A, MA,) inf. n. مُصَابَرَةٌ (A, Ḳ) and صِبَارٌ, (Ḳ,) [He vied with him in patience, or endurance; as shown in what follows: or] he acted patiently with him: (MA:) صَابِرُوا in the Ḳur iii. last verse means Vie ye in patience, or endurance: (Ksh, Bḍ, Jel:*) or in this instance, in the saying اِصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا, the three verbs are progressive in meaning; the first meaning less than the second; and the second, less than the third: or the meaning is, [be ye patient] with yourselves, and [vie ye in patience] with your hearts in enduring trial with respect to God, and [remain ye steadfast] with your minds in desire for God: or [be ye patient] with respect to God, and [vie ye in patience] with God, and [remain ye steadfast] with God. (B, TA.) [See also 3 in art. ربط.]
اصبرهُ: see 1, latter half, in four places:
and see 2, in two places.
[مَا أَصْبَرَهُ How patient, or enduring, is he!]
مَا أَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى ٱلنَّارِ [in the Ḳur ii. 170] means How bold are they [to encounter the fire of Hell]! (Ḳ:) or how bold are they to do the deeds of the people of the fire [of Hell] | (TA:) or how much do they occupy themselves in doing the deeds of the people of the fire [of Hell]! (Ḳ:) this last explanation is in the Tekmileh. (TA.)
اصبرهُ also signifies He (the judge, A, TA, or the Sultán, El-Aḥmar, TA) retaliated for him. (El-Aḥmar, A, TA. [See 8.])
اصبر [intrans.] It (a thing) was, or became, hard; syn. اِشْتَدَّ. (A. [See صَبَرٌ.])
He fell into what is termed أُمُّ صَبُّورٍ, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. a calamity: and he became in what is termed أُمُّ صَبَّارٍ, i. e. a حَرَّة. (TA.)
He sat upon the صَبِير, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. the mountain. (TA.)
It (milk) was, or became, very sour, inclining to [the flavour of صَبِر, i. e.] bitterness. (Ḳ.)
He ate the صَبِيرَة, (IAạr, Ḳ,) i. e. the thin, round cake of bread so called. (TA.)
And He stopped the head of a flask, or bottle, with a صِبَار, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. a stopper. (TA.)
see 1, near the middle of the paragraph, in four places.
تَصَابُرٌ [relating to a number of persons] signifies The being patient, or enduring, one with another. (KL.) [You say, تصابروا They were patient, or enduring, one with another.]
And تصابروا عَلَى فُلَانٍ They leagued together, and aided one another, against such a one. (Ibn-Buzurj, TA in art. ضفر.)
8. (اصتبر ⇒ اصطبر ⇒ اصّبر)
اِصْطَبَرَ, and its var. اِصَّبَرَ: see 1, former half in three places.
اصطبر مِنْهُ He retaliated by slaying him, or wounding him, or the like; (A, Ḳ;) and soصَبَرَ↓ مِنْهُ. (TA.)
[And accord. to Reiske, It was collected: (mentioned by Freytag:) app. as quasi-pass. of 1 in the last of the senses assigned to it above.]
اصطبرهُ: see 2.
استصبر It (a vapour, TA) became dense. (Ḳ, TA. [See صَبِيرٌ.])
R. Q. 1. (صبرر)
accord. to the Ṣ, صَنْبَرَ: see art. صنبر.
صَبْرٌ [inf. n. of 1, q. v.]
[Used as a simple subst.,] Patience, or endurance; contr. of جَزَعٌ: (M, Ḳ:) or restraint of oneself, or of one's soul, from impatience. (Ṣ. [Several other explanations of this word are shown by explanations of the verb.])
شَهْرُ الصَّبْرِ The month of fasting: (Ḳ:) fasting being called صَبْر because it is self-restraint from food and beverage and sexual intercourse. (TA, from a trad.)
[قَتَلَهُ صَبْرًا, and قُتِلَ صَبْرًا: see 1.]
يَمِينُ الصَّبْرِ The oath for which the judge, or governor, [in the CK الحُكْمُ is erroneously put for الحَكَمُ,] holds one in custody until he swears it: (M, Ḳ:) or the oath that is obligatory (Ḳ, TA) upon the swearer, (TA,) and which the swearer is compelled to take, (Mgh, Ḳ,) he being confined by the Sultán until he do so: (Mgh,* TA:) such an oath is also termed يَمِينٌ مَصْبُورَةٌ↓: (Mgh:) [i. e.] the term مَصْبُورَةٌ is applied to an oath, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) meaning one on account of which a man is confined, in order to make him swear it; (TA; [and this seems to be indicated by the context in the Ṣ and Ḳ;]) but the man being مَصْبُور, and not the oath, the latter is thus termed tropically. (TA.)
[حَلَفَ صَبْرًا: see 1.]
صُبْرٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andصِبْرٌ↓ (M, Mṣb, Ḳ) The side of a thing: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or a side rising above the rest of a thing: (Mṣb:) or its upper part, or top: (TA:) and the edge of a thing: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) and its thickness: formed by transposition from بُصْرٌ: (Ṣ:) pl. أًصْبَارٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and pl. pl. أَصْبَارَةٌ. (Mṣb.) أَصْبَارٌ signifies The sides of a vessel, (Ṣ,) and of a grave. (TA.) And you say, He filled the drinking-cup, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) and the measure, (A, TA,) إِلَى أَصْبَارِهِ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) to its top, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) as also الى أَصْمَارِهِ; (Ṣ;) or to its uppermost parts; (TA;) or to its edges. (A.) And أَخَذَهُ بِأَصْبَارِهِ He took it altogether. (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb,* Ḳ.) And لَقِىَ الشِّدَّةَ بِأَصْبَارِهَا † He met with complete distress, or adversity. (Aṣ, Ṣ.) And in a trad., the tree called سِدْرَةُ المُنْتَهَى is said to be صُبْرَ الجَنَّةِ in the highest part of Paradise. (A, TA.)
Also the former, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andصُبُرٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) Land in which are pebbles, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) not rugged. (Ṣ, M.) Hence,أُمُّ صَبَّارٍ↓, q. v. (Ṣ, M.)
See also صَبِيرٌ, in two places.
صِبْرٌ: see صُبْرٌ:
and صَبِيرٌ in two places:
صَبَرٌ Ice; syn. حَمَدٌ: (A, Ṣgh, Ḳ:) and [its n. un.] with ة, a piece thereof: (A, Ṣgh:) from أَصْبَرَ meaning اِشْتَدَّ. (A.)
صَبِرٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andصَبْرٌ↓, which latter is allowable only in cases of necessity in poetry, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or it is allowable in other cases, as alsoصِبْرٌ↓, agreeably with analogy, (Ibn-Es-Seed, Mṣb,) [Aloes;] a certain bitter medicine; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) the expressed juice of a certain bitter tree; (M, Ḳ;) the expressed juice of a certain tree of which the leaves are like the sheaths of knives, long and thick, with a dusty and dull hue in their greenness, of rough appearance, from the midst of which there comes forth a stalk whereon is a yellow flower, ثمد [but what this means I know not] in odour; (Lth, TA;) it grows like the green سُوسَن [or lily], save that the leaves of the صبر are longer and broader and much thicker, and it contains very much juice; (AḤn, M, O, TA;) it is crushed and thrown into the presses, then bruised with pieces of wood, and trodden with the feet until its expressed juice flows, when it is left until it thickens, then it is put into leathern bags, and exposed to the sun until it dries: (AḤn, O:) the best sort is the سُقُطْرِىّ [i. e. of the Island of Sukutrà]: and it is also known by the name of صَبَّارَةٌ↓ [a name now applied to the plant]: (TA:) the n. un. is صَبِرَةٌ [and صَبْرَةٌ and صِبْرَةٌ]: and the pl. is صُبُورٌ. (M, TA.)
[Accord. to Freytag, it signifies also Myrrh: but for this I know not any authority.]
صُبُرٌ: see صُبْرٌ.
صَبْرَةٌ: see صُبَارَةٌ:
and see صَبَارَّةٌ, in two places.
Also Urine, and dung of camels and other beasts, compacted together in a wateringtrough. (Ḳ.)
أَبُو صَبْرَةَ, (so in a copy of the M,) orأَبُو صُبَيْرَةَ↓, (so in the Ḳ and TA,) A certain bird; (M, Ḳ;) red in the belly, black in the head and wings and tail, the rest of it being red; (M;) thus in the L; (TA;) or red in the belly, black in the back and head and tail; (Ḳ;) thus in the Tekmileh: (TA:) [but] AḤát says, in “the Book of Birds,” أَبُو صُبَيْرَةَ, which is [the same as] أَبُو صَبِرَةَ↓, is [a bird] red in the belly, black in the head and wings and tail, the rest of it being red, of the colour of صَبِر: and the pl. is صُبَيْرَاتٌ and صَبِرَاتٌ. (O.)
صُبْرَةٌ A quantity collected together, of wheat [&c.], without being measured or weighed, (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,* Ḳ,) heaped up: (TA:) pl. صُبَرٌ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) You say, اِشْتَرَيْتُ الشَّىْءَ صُبْرَةً I bought the thing without its being measured or weighed. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)
And Reaped grain collected together; or wheat collected together in the place where it is trodden out: (M, TA:) or when trodden out and thrashed. (Mṣb in art. كدس.)
And Wheat sifted (M, Ḳ) with a thing resembling a سَرَنْد [or سِرِنْد, which is a Pers. word, here app. meaning a kind of net]. (M.)
And Rough, or rugged, stones, collected together: pl. صِبَارٌ. (M, Ḳ.) [See also صُبَارَةٌ.]
أَبُو صَبِرَةَ: see صَبْرَةٌ.
صَبَارٌ: see صُبَارَةٌ, in two places.
صُبَارٌ (M, Ḳ) andصُبَّارٌ↓ (Ḳ) The fruit of a kind of tree, intensely acid, having a broad, red stone, brought from India, said to be (M) the tamarind, (M, Ḳ,) used as a medicine. (M.)
صِبَارٌ A stopper [of a bottle]; syn. سَدَادٌ. (Ḳ. [See 4, last sentence.])
And The fruit of a certain acid tree. (Ḳ. [But in this sense it is probably a mistake for صُبَارٌ, q. v.])
صَبُورٌ: see صَابِرٌ, in four places.
صَبِيرٌ: see صَابِرٌ, in two places.
Also A surety. (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, هُوَ بِهِ صَبِيرٌ He is a surety for him, or it. (TA.)
And صَبِيرُ قَوْمٍ The chief, head, director, conductor, or manager, of the affairs of a people, or party: (M, Ḳ:) he who is patient for, and with, a people, or party, in [the managing of] their affairs: (A:) pl. صُبَرَآءُ. (M.)
[And accord. to Golius, A solitary man, having neither offspring nor brother: but app. a mistake for صُنْبُورٌ, which is thus expl. in the Ṣ in this art.]
Also, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andصُبَارَةٌ↓, (M,) A white cloud; (M, Ḳ;) and soصِبْرٌ↓ andصُبْرٌ↓, of which the pl. is أَصْبَارٌ: (Ḳ:) or white clouds; (M, Ḳ;) as also أَصْبَانٌ, pl. ofصِبْرٌ↓ andصُبْرٌ↓: (Fr, Yaạḳoob, Ṣ:) or white clouds that scarcely ever, or never, give rain: (Ṣ:) or clouds, (M, Ḳ,) or white clouds, (Aṣ, Ṣ,) that become disposed one above another (Aṣ, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) in the manner of steps: (Aṣ, Ṣ, M:) or a dense cloud that is above another cloud: (M, Ḳ:) or a stationary portion of cloud: (Ḳ:) or a portion of cloud which one sees as though it were مَصْبُورَة, i. e. detained; but this explanation is of weak authority: or, accord. to AḤn, clouds remaining stationary a day and a night; as though detained: (M:) or clouds in which are blackness and whiteness: or, as some say, clouds slow in motion, by reason of their heaviness and the abundance of their water: (Ḥam p. 786:) the pl. of صَبِيرٌ is the same as the sing., (M,) or it is صُبُرٌ. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
And صَبِيرٌ, A mountain: (O, Ḳ:) or الصَّبِيرُ is the name of a particular mountain. (TA.)
[And accord. to Freytag, as from the Ḳ, in which I do not find this meaning, A hill consisting of stones.]
Also صَبِيرٌ, (Ḳ,) i. e. (TA) the صَبِير of a خَوَان [or table, or thing upon which one eats], (M, A, TA,) A thin, round cake of bread, which is spread beneath the food that one eats: (M, A, Ḳ:) or (Ḳ, TA, but in the CK “and”) upon which the food to be eaten at a wedding-feast is ladled (Ḳ, TA) by the maker of the bread: (TA:) also called صَبِيرَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
صَبَارَةٌ: see the next paragraph:
صُبَارَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) andصَبَارَةٌ↓ andصِبَارَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) Stones: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or smooth stones: (TA:) or صُبَارَةٌ signifies, (M,) or صَبَارَةٌ signifies also, (Ḳ,) a piece of stone, or portion of stones: or of iron. (M, Ḳ.) A poet says, (Ṣ,) namely, El-Aạshà, (M,) or ʼAmr Ibn-Milkat Et-Tá-ee, addressing ʼAmr Ibn-Hind, who had a brother slain, (IB,)
* مَنْ مُبْلِغٌ عَمْرًا بِأَنَّ المَرْءَ لَمْ يُخْلَقْ صُبَارَهْ *
(so in the Ṣ; but in the M and TA this verse is given differently, with شَيْبَانَ and أَنَّ in the places of عَمْرًا and بِأَنَّ; and it is said in the M that accord. to one relation the last word is صِيَارَهْ, [with ى,] which, it is added, is like صُبَارَه in meaning;) [i. e. Who will tell ʼAmr, or Sheybán, that man was not created stones?] but IB says that the last word is correctly صِبَارَهْ, with kesr to the Ṣ; and the poet means, man is not stone, that he should patiently endure the like of this: (TA:) [J says,] accord. to one relation, the last word is صَبَارَهْ, with fet-ḥ, which is pl. ofصَبَارٌ↓, the صَبَارٌ being affixed to denote its being a pl. pl., for صَبْرَةٌ is pl. of↓ signifying strong, or hard, stones: [and he adds,] El-Aạshà says,
*قُبَيْلَ الصُّبْحِ أَصْوَاتُ الصَّبَارِ↓ *
(Ṣ:) but IB says that صَبَارٌ and صَبَارَةٌ are not pls. of صَبْرَةٌ; for فَعَالٌ is not a pl. form, but فِعَالٌ, with kesr, like حِجَارٌ and جِبَالٌ: (TA:) [and it is said that] the verse from which this is cited is not by El-Aạshà, and is correctly and completely as follows:
* كَأَنَّ تَرَنُّمَ الهَاجَاتِ فِيهَا ** قُبَيْلَ الصُّبْحِ أَصْوَاتُ الصِّيَارِ *
by الصيار being meant the صَنْج, (TṢ, Ḳ, TA,) the stringed instrument thus called: (TṢ, TA:) accord. to the reading given in the Ṣ, the verse means, As though the croaking of the frogs in it, a little before daybreak, were the sounds of falling stones: and this is correct. (TA.)
صِبَارَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
رَجُلٌ صَبُورَةٌ: see مَصْبُورٌ.
صَبِيرَةٌ: see صَبِيرٌ, last sentence.
أَبُو صُبَيْرَةَ: see صَبْرَةٌ.
صَبَارَّةٌ, [respecting the form of which see حَمَارَّةٌ,] (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andصَبَارَةٌ↓, without teshdeed, (Lḥ, M, Ḳ,) andصَبْرَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) The intenseness of the cold (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) of winter: (Ṣ, M:) and [in an absolute sense] intenseness of cold: (TA:) andصَبْرَةٌ↓ signifies also the middle of winter; (Ḳ;) and soصَوْبَرَةٌ↓. (TA.)
صَبَّارٌ: see صَابِرٌ, in two places.
أُمُّ صَبَّارٍ (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ) andأُمُّ صَبُّورٍ↓, (Ḳ,) or the former only is meant in the Ḳ as having the first of the significations here following, (TA,) A stony tract, of which the stones are black and worn and crumbling, as though burned with fire; syn. حَرَّةٌ; (T, Ṣ, M, A, &c.;) for which حَرّ is erroneously put in copies of the Ḳ: (TA:) from صُبْرٌ↓, q. v.; (Ṣ, M;) or from صُبَارَةٌ: or, accord. to some, such as is level, abounding with stones, and difficult to walk upon: (M:) or the former is [the tract called] حَرَّةُ لَيْلَى, and [that called] حَرَّةُ النَّارِ: (El-Fezáree:) or it has the first of the above-mentioned significations, and signifies also a [mountain, or hill, such as is termed] هَضْبَة: (ISk:) or smooth rock upon which nothing makes an impression: but the latter, accord. to Aboo-ʼAmr Esh-Sheybánee, signifies a هَضْبَة without a pass. (ISh.)
Also أُمُّ صَبَّارٍ (M, Ḳ) andأًمُّ صَبُّورٍ↓ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) A calamity, or misfortune: and a severe war: (M, Ḳ:) or the latter, a distressing case. (Ṣ.) One says, وَقَعُوا فِى أُمِّ صَبَّارٍ (M) andأُمِّ صَبُّورٍ↓ (Ṣ, M) They fell into a calamity, &c.: (M:) or the latter, they fell into a distressing case: (Ṣ:) or into a perplexing and distressing case, from which they could not escape, like the هَضْبَة, above mentioned, without a pass: (Aboo-ʼAmr EshSheybánee:) but in some of the copies of the “Alfádh” [of ISk], أُمِّ صَيُّورٍ, as though derived from صِيَارَةٌ, signifying “stones.” (TA.)
صُبَّارٌ: see صُبَارٌ.
أُمُّ صَبُّورٍ: see صَبَّارٌ, in three places.
صَبَّارَةٌ Rugged ground, rising above the adjacent part or parts, and hard, (Ḳ, TA,) in which is no herbage, and which produces none: or i. q. أُمُّ صَبَّارِ. (TA.)
صَابِرٌ andصَبُورٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) the latter of which is also applied to a female, without ة, (M,) andصَبِيرٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andصَبَّارٌ↓, (M,) are epithets from صَبَرَ “he was patient, or enduring:” (M, Ḳ:) the five following epithets are said to denote different degrees of patience: صَابِرٌ is the most general of them [in signification, meaning simply Patient, or enduring]: مُصْطَبِرٌ↓ signifies acquiring patience; and tried with patience: مُتَصَبِّرٌ↓, constraining himself to be patient: صَبُورٌ↓, having great patience; [or very patient;] whose patience is greater than that of others; [as alsoصَبِيرٌ↓; or this signifies rendered patient, from صَبَرَهُ;] denoting quality, or manner: andصَبَّارٌ↓, having an intense degree of patience; [or having very great patience;] denoting measure, and quantity: the pl. ofصَبُورٌ↓ is صُبُرٌ. (TA.) As an epithet applied to God, (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ [i. e. Zj],) الصَّبُورُ↓ signifies The Clement, or Forbearing, who does not hastily avenge Himself upon the disobedient, but forgives, or defers: (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, Ḳ:) [it may be well rendered The Long-suffering:] it is an intensive epithet. (TA.) One says also, هُوَ صَابِرٌ عَلَى البَرْدِ ‡ [He is a patient endurer of cold]. (A.)
صَنْبَرٌ; &c.: see art. صنبر.
صَوْبَرَةٌ: see صَبَارَّةٌ.
صَابُورَةٌ Ballast of a ship; the weight that is put in the bottom of a ship. (TA.)
أَصْبَرُ [More, and most, patient or enduring]. أَصْبَرُ مِنْ حِمَارٍ [More patient than an ass] is a prov. (Meyd.) And one says, هُوَ أَصْبَرُ عَلَى الضَّرْبِ مِنَ الأَرْضِ ‡ [He is more patient of beating than the ground]. (A.) [The fem.] صُبْرَى is applied to a she-camel by Honeyf El-Hanátim [as meaning Surpassingly patient or enduring]. (IAạr, TA in art. بهى.)
أَصْبِرَةٌ Sheep or goats, and camels, that return in the evening and morning to their owners, not remaining away from them: (M, Ḳ:*) [a pl.] having no sing.: (Ḳ:) [ISd says,] I have not heard any sing. of it. (M.)
مَصْبُورٌ [pass. part. n. of 1, q. v. Confined, &c.]
Confined [with bonds or otherwise], (Ḳ,) or set up, (M,) to be put to death: (M, Ḳ:) andرَجُلٌ صَبُورَةٌ↓ a man confined, (Ḳ,) or set up, (M,) to be put to death; (M, Ḳ;) i. q. مَصْبُورٌ لِلْقَتْلِ: (Th, M, Ḳ:) and مَصْبُورَةٌ, applied to a beast (بَهِيمَةٌ, A), confined [or bound] to be put to death [and in that state killed by arrows or the like]; i. q. مَحْبُوسَةٌ عَلَى المَوْتِ: such is forbidden to be eaten. (Ṣ, A.)
مَصْبُورَةٌ applied to an oath: see صَبْرٌ.
Also Made into a صُبْرَة, like a صُبْرَة of wheat; so gathered or collected together. (TA.)
مُصْطَبِرٌ: see صَابِرٌ. [مصطير is expl. by Reiske as signifying Collecta caro (ὄγκος τῆσ σαρκός): mentioned by Freytag: if so, it is app. مُصْطَبِرٌ: see its verb.]
مُتَصَبِّرٌ: see صَابِرٌ.