سلك سلم سلهب
سَلِمَ, [aor. ـَ,] inf. n. سَلَامَةٌ (Ṣ, M, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and سَلَامٌ (A, TA) and سَلَمٌ and سَلْمٌ and سِلْمٌ, (Bḍ in xxxix. 30,) He was, or became, safe, or secure; or he escaped; (M, TA;) or he was, or became, free; (TA;) مِنَ الآفَاتِ [from evils of any kind], (Ṣ, Mgh,) or مِنَ الآفَةِ [from evil of any kind], (Ḳ,) or مِنَ البَلَآءِ [from trial, or affliction], (A, TA,) or مِنَ الأَمْرِ [from the affair]: (M:) he (a traveller) was, or became, safe, secure, or free, from evils of any kind: (Mṣb:) and سَلِمَ مِنَ العَيْبِ he was, or became, free from fault, defect, imperfection, blemish, or vice; syn. بَرِئَ. (Mṣb in art. برأ.) [Hence,] one says, لَا بِذِى تَسْلَمُ مَا كَانَ غَذَا وَكَذَا, (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ,*) meaning No, by God [or Him] who maketh thee to be in safety, (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ,) [such and such things were not;] and to two persons لا بذى تَسْلَمَانِ, and to a pl. number لا بذى تَسْلَمُونَ, and to a female لا بذى تَسْلَمِينَ, and to a pl. number [of females] لا بذى تَسْلَمْنَ. (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ.*) And لَا أَفْعَلُ ذٰلِكَ بِذِى تَسْلَمُ, meaning, بِذِى سَلَامَتِكِ [i. e. I will not do that, by the Author (lit. Lord or Master) of thy safety]; and in like manner, بذى تَسْلَمَانِ, and بذى تَسْلَمُونَ. (Sb, M. [See also ذو.]) And اِذْهَبْ بِذِى تَسْلَمُ, i. e. اِذْهَبْ بِسَلَامَتِكَ [Go thou with thy safety; or, with the Author of thy safety to protect thee; meaning go thou in safety]; and [to two persons] اِذْهَبَا بِذِى تَسْلَمَانِ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) ذى is thus prefixed to a verb [as virtually governing it in the gen. case] like as آيَة is in an instance mentioned under this latter word; but these are two extr. instances; for only a noun significant of time is [regularly] prefixed to a verb, as in the phrase هٰذَا يَوْمُ يُفْعَلُ, meaning يُفْعَلُ فِيهِ: (Akh, Ṣ:) it is not prefixed to any but this verb تَسْلَمُ [and its variations as above mentioned]. (Sb, M, Ḳ.)
And hence, (Mgh,) one says also, سَلِمَتْ لَهُ الضَّيْعَةُ, meaning [The landed estate] was, or became, free from participation to him; syn. خَلَصَت. (Mgh, TA.)
سلمهُ, [app. سَلَمَهُ, or perhaps سَلِمَهُ, for some verbs of this measure are trans., as حَسِبَ and وَرِثَ,] inf. n. سلم, [app. سَلَمٌ, q. v. infrà,] He made him a captive. (TA.)
سَلَمَتْهُ الحَيَّةُ, (TA,) inf. n. سَلْمٌ, (M, Ḳ, TA,) The serpent bit him: (M,* Ḳ,* TA:) mentioned by Az, but he adds that no one but Lth has said this. (TA.)
سَلَمَ الجِلْدَ, aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. سَلْمٌ, (TA,) He tanned the skin with [قَرَظ, i. e. leaves of] the سَلَم [or mimosa flava]. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
سَلَمَ الدَّلْوَ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. سَلْمٌ, (M,) He finished making the leathern bucket; and made it firm, strong, or sound, or made it firmly, strongly, or soundly. (M, Ḳ.)
سلّمهُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَسْلِيمٌ, (Ḳ,) He (God) made him to be safe, secure, or free; saved, secured, or freed, him; (M, Mṣb, TA;) مِنَ الآفَاتِ [from evils of any kind], (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or مِنَ الآفَةِ [from evil of any kind], (Ḳ,) or مِنَ الأَمْرِ [from the affair]. (M.) [Freytag assigns the same meaning to اسلمهُ↓ also, as on the authority of the Ḥam; in which I find no explanation of this verb except one which will be found later in this paragraph.]
[Hence,] التَّسْلِيمُ is also syn. with السَّلَامُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) as meaning The saluting, or greeting, one with a prayer for his safety, or security, or freedom, from evils of any kind in his religion and in his person; and the interpretation thereof is [the expressing a desire for] التَّخْلِيصٌ; (Mbr, TA;) or the saluting, or greeting, one with a prayer for his life; or, by saying سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ [q. v. infrà, voce سَلَامٌ]; syn. التَّحِيَّةُ. (TA.) You say, سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ [meaning He so saluted, or greeted, him]. (M, Mṣb.) [This, when said of God, virtually means سَلَّمَهُ, i. e. He saved him; and should be rendered agreeably with this explanation in the phrase commonly used after the mention of the Prophet, صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ May God bless and save him. You say also, سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ بِالخِلَافَةِ He saluted him with the acknowledgment of his being Khaleefeh; saying, سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ المُؤْمِنِينَ Salutation to thee, or peace be on thee, &c., O Prince of the Faithful.] التَّسْلِيمَةُ signifies The salutation that is pronounced on finishing every two rek'ahs in prayer: (Ḥar p. 180:) [and also that which is pronounced after the last rek'ah of each of the prayers (i. e. after the sunneh prayers and the fard alike), addressed to the two guardian and recording angels: (see my “Modern Egyptians,” ch. iii., p. 78 of the 5th ed.:) and سَلَّمَ means He pronounced either of those salutations.]
[Hence also,] سلّم إِلَيْهِ الشَّىْءَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) inf. n. as above; (Ḳ;) andاسلم↓ اليه الشىءَ; (M;) He gave to him the thing; (Ṣ,* M, Ḳ;) or delivered it to him: (M:) [he resigned it to him:] and سلّم إِلَيْهِ الوَدِيعَةَ, (Mgh,) or سلّم الوَدِيعَةَ لِصَاحِبِهَا, He delivered the deposit [to him, or] to its owner: (Mṣb:) andاسلم↓ الثَّوْبَ إِلَى الخَيَّاطِ (Mgh) signifies the same as سلّمهُ إِلَيْهِ [i. e. He delivered the garment, or piece of cloth, to the tailor]. (Ḥar p. 166.)
See also 4, in two places.
You say also, سلّم الأَجِيرُ نَفْسَهُ لِلْمُسْتَأْجِرِ The hired man gave himself up, or gave authority over himself, to the hirer. (Mṣb.) Andأَسْلَمْتُهُ↓ and سَلَّمْتُهُ I left him in the power of him who desired to kill him or to wound him. (Ḥam p. 115.) Andاسلمهُ↓ لِلْهَلَكَةِ [He gave him up to destruction]: in this case with [the prep.] ل only. (Ḥar p. 166.) Andاسلم↓ الرَّجُلَ, (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,*) or العَدُوَّ, (Ḳ,) He left, forsook, or deserted, (M, Ḳ,) the man, (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,*) or the enemy; (Ḳ;) or abstained from aiding, or assisting, him; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and threw him into destruction. (IAth, TA.) Andاسلمهُ↓ لِمَا بِهِ He left him [to that bane which was in him: app. referring to the bite of a serpent, or any evil affection: see سَلِيمٌ, third sentence]. (Ṣ,* M.)
And سلّم أَمْرَهُ إِلَى ٱللّٰهِ andاسلمهُ↓, both meaning the same, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) i. e. He committed his case to God. (TA.)
And سلّم الدَّعْوَى He acknowledged the truth [or justice] of the claim, demand, or suit; [he conceded its truth or justice;] from سلّم الوَدِيعَةَ لِصَاحِبِهَا, expl. above; denoting an ideal delivering [or yielding of a thing to another person]. (Mṣb.) [Hence one says, سلّم أَنَّهُ كَذَا He conceded that it was thus.]
And التَّسْلِيمُ signifies also [The assenting, or] the giving [one's] approval (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) unreservedly, (Ṣ,) to that which is ordained, or decreed, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) by God; and the submitting to his commands; and the abstaining from offering opposition in the case in which it is not becoming [to do so]. (TA.) You say, سلّم لِأَمْرِ ٱللّٰهِ He assented to the command of God: [or he gave his approval to it:] or he submitted to it; as alsoاسلم↓. (MA.)
سالمهُ, (M, Mṣb,) inf. n. مُسَالَمَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb) and سِلَامٌ, (M, Mṣb,) He made peace, or became at peace or reconciled, with him; or he reconciled himself with him: [implying mutual concession, or a compromise:] (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb:) and سَالَمَا They made peace, or became at peace or reconciled, or they reconciled themselves, each with the other. (Ḳ.)
see 2, in nine places. [The first of the meanings there assigned to this verb is, in my opinion, more than doubtful. In all its senses, it seems to be properly trans.: when it is used as an intrans. verb, an objective complement is app. understood. Thus,] أَسْلَمَ is syn. with أَسْلَفَ [as meaning He paid in advance, or beforehand]; (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb;) الثَّمَنَ [the price] being suppressed, though sometimes it is expressed; (Mgh;) as alsoسلّم↓; (M;) andتسلّم↓, as occurring in a trad., where it is said, مَنْ تَسَلَّمَ فِى شَىْءٍ فَلَا يَصْرِفُهُ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ [Whoso pays in advance for a thing, he shall not turn it over, or transfer it, to another than him]; but Ḳṭ says that he had not heard this verb thus used except in this instance. (TA.) So the first of these verbs signifies in the saying, اسلم فِى الطَّعَامِ (Ṣ) or فى البُرِّ (Mgh) [He paid in advance for the wheat], and فى الشَّىْءِ [for the thing], as alsoسلّم↓. (M.) And hence the saying, إِذَا أَسْلَمَ صُوفًا فِى لِبْدٍ أَوْ شَعَرًا فِى مِسْحٍ لَمْ يَجُزْ [If he give in advance wool for felt, or goats' hair for a garment, or piece, of haircloth, it will not be allowable]. (Mgh.) And so in the phrase, أَسْلَمْتُ إِلَيْهِ [I paid in advance to him]. (Mṣb.)
Also [He resigned, or submitted, himself; نَفْسَهُ being understood: or] he was, or became, resigned, or submissive; (M, Ḳ;) and soاستسلم↓: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) you say, اسلم لِلّٰهِ [He resigned, or submitted, himself, or he was, or became, resigned, or submissive, to God: see also an ex. (before referred to) in the last sentence of the second paragraph: or he was, or became, sincere in his religion, or without hypocrisy, towards God: see مُسْلِمٌ]: (Mṣb:) [or] اسلم signifies he entered into السِّلْم, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) which here means الاِسْتِسْلَام [i. e. the state of resignation, or submission]. (Ṣ.)
And He became a Muslim; as alsoتسلّم↓; (M,* Ḳ;) as in the saying, كَانَ كَافِرًا ثُمَّ تَسَلَّمَ, i. e. أَسْلَمَ [He was an unbeliever, or a denier of the unity of God, &c.; then he became a Muslim]: (M:) or he entered [the pale, or communion, of] the religion of الإِسْلَام. (Ṣ,* Mṣb.) الإِسْلَامُ as a principle of the law of God is The manifesting of humility or submission, and outward conforming with the law of God, and the taking upon oneself to do or to say as the Prophet has done or said: for this, the blood is to be spared, and one may demand the repelling of evil: (T,* M:) and if there is therewith firm belief with the heart, it is إِيمَانٌ: (T:) this is the doctrine of Esh-Sháfiʼee; but the doctrine of Aboo-Ḥaneefeh makes no difference between these two terms: (KT:) [agreeably with the former doctrine,] Th well and briefly says, الاسلام is with the tongue, and الايمان is with the heart: and he says, in explaining verse 48 of ch. v. of the Ḳur, that every prophet has been sent with الاسلام, though the ordinances differ. (M.)
One says also, أَسْلَمْتُ عَنْهُ, meaning I left it [app. an affair, as in an explanation in the TḲ,] after I had been [engaged] in it. (Ibn-Buzurj, Ḳ.) And اسلم occurs intransitively in the saying, كَانَ رَاعِىَ غَنَمٍ ثُمَّ أَسْلَمَ, meaning [He was a pastor of sheep, or goats; then] he left them. (M.)
[Freytag assigns to اسلم another signification “Adscendere fecit (vid. a سُلَّم),” as from the Ḥam, p. 39: but this is app. a mistake, into which he has been led by a saying, there cited, of Zuheyr, which I read thus:
* هَوِىَّ الدَّلْوِ أَسْلَمَهَا الرِّشَآءُ *
(meaning, The descent, or as the descent, of the bucket that the well-rope has let go): and by its being there said that “you should not prefer any reading of هوى to that with damm, though it has been said otherwise:” whereas the correct reading is, in my opinion, هَوِىّ, agreeably with what here follows:] Er-Riyáshee says, on the authority of AZ, that الهَوِىُّ, with fet-ḥ, is downwards; and with damm, upwards; and he cites the saying above as an ex. of the word as meaning downwards. (TA in art. هوى.)
تسلّم مِنْهُ He asserted, or declared, himself to be free from, or clear of, or quit of, it, or him. (M.)
تسلّم is also syn. with أُسْلَمَ, in two senses: see the latter, in two places.
And تسلّمهُ signifies He took it, or received it; namely, a thing given, or delivered. (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
تسالموا, (M,) and تسالما, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تَسَالُمٌ, (Ṣ,) They, (M,) or they two, (Ḳ,) made peace, or became at peace or reconciled, (Ṣ,* M, Ḳ,) one with another, (Ṣ, M,) or each with the other. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [See also 8.]
One says of a man, (M,) of a great, or frequent, liar, (TA,) لَا تَسَالَمُ خَيْلَاهُ, [for تَتَسَالَمُ,] (M,) or لَا يَتَسَالَمُ خَيْلَاهُ, (Ḳ, TA,) [† His two troops of horses will not agree in pace, each with the other;] meaning ‡ [his assertions will not be found to agree together; or] he will not say what is true, so that it may be accepted from him: for تَسَالَمَتْ, said of horses, means † they kept pace, one with another; (تَسَايَرَتْ [q. v.];) not exciting one another. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
استلم He became at peace, or reconciled. (TA.) Hence the saying, (TA,) هُوَ لَا يَسْتَلَمُ عَلَى سَخَطِهِ He will not become at peace, or reconciled, during his displeasure at a thing. (Ḳ, TA.) [See also 6.]
استلم الزَّرْعُ The seed-produce put forth its ears. (Ḳ.)
استلم الحَجَرَ He touched, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or reached, (Mgh,) the stone, [meaning the Black Stone of the Kaabeh,] by kissing, or with the hand: (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ:) or he wiped it, or stroked it, with the hand: (Mgh:) or he kissed the stone: or he embraced it: (M:) and اِسْتَلْأَمَهُ signifies the same; (M, Ḳ;) but is not the original: (M:) accord. to ISk, the Arabs pronounced it with hemz, contr. to analogy; (Mṣb;) or it should not be pronounced with hemz, though some thus pronounce it, (Ṣ,) the original being استلم, (ISk, Mṣb,) because it is from سِلَامٌ [pl. of سَلِمَةٌ] signifying “stones,” (ISk, Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,* [in the Mgh, from سَلِمَةٌ signifying “a stone,” and in the Mṣb the pl. of سَلِمَةٌ is said to be سَلَامٌ, like كَلَامٌ,]) accord. to Sb, who says that it does not denote the act of taking; (M;) or, accord. to Sb, it is from السَّلَامُ, with fet-ḥ, meaning “salutation,” and it means the touching with the hand by way of salutation in order to obtain a blessing thereby: (TA:) but accord. to IAạr, the original is with hemz, from المُلَآءَمَةُ, meaning الاِجْتِمَاعُ [“the coming together,” &c., because denoting contact]. (Mṣb.) Abu-t-Tufeyl is related to have said, رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ ٱللّٰهِ صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَطُوفُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ يَسْتَلِمُ بِمِحْجَنِهِ وَيُقَبِّلُ المِحْجَنَ [i. e. I saw the Apostle of God (may God bless and save him) circuiting around the Kaabeh, upon his camel, touching the Black Stone with his hooked staff, and kissing the hooked staff]. (TA.) The primary signification of الاِسْتِلَامُ is [said to be] The wiping, or stroking, the سَلِمَة, i. e. the stone: afterwards it was used in relation to other things, and one said اِسْتَلَمْتُ يَدَهَا, meaning I stroked, or kissed, her hand. (Ḥar pp. 30 and 31.)
استلم الخُفُّ قَدَمَيْهِ means The boot rendered his feet soft [after he had been accustomed to walking barefoot]. (TA.)
إِسْتَسْلَمَ see 4, in the former half of the paragraph.
استسلم ثَكَمَ الطَّرِيقِ He went upon the middle of the road, not missing it. (Ḳ,* TA. [In the CK, after واسْتَسْلَمَ انقادَ, for وثَكَمَ الطَّرِيقِ, meaning واستسلم ثَكَمَ الطَّرِيقِ, is erroneously put وتَسَلَّمَ الطَّرِيقَ, assigning to تسلّم a meaning belonging to استسلم.])
Q. Q. 2. تَمَسْلَمَ
تَمَسْلَمَ [from مُسْلِمٌ] He named, or called, himself a Muslim; or he named himself Muslim; his name having before been Moḥammad: (M, Ḳ:) mentioned by Er-Ru-ásee. (M.)
سَلْمٌ: see the next paragraph, in six places.
Also A leathern bucket (دَلْوٌ) having one عُرْوَة [or loop-shaped handle], (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) with which the waterer walks, like the buckets (دِلَآء) of the attendants of the camels or other beasts upon which water is drawn or which carry water, (T, TA,) or like the دَلْو of the water-carriers: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) expl. in the Ṣ as above as on the authority of AA; but IB says that the correct explanation is, having one عَرْقُوَة [or stick fixed across from one part of the brim to the to the opposite part, serving as a handle as well as to keep it from collapsing]: (TA:) of the masc. gender [whereas دَلْوٌ is fem.]: (M:)pl. [of pauc.] أَسْلُمٌ and [of mult.] سِلَامٌ, (M, Ḳ,) and Lḥ mentions as its pl. أَسَالِمُ, which is extr. [unless as a pl. pl., i. e. pl. of أَسْلُمٌ]. (M.)
سِلْمٌ Peace, or reconciliation; as alsoسَلْمٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) masc. and fem.; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;*) andسَلَمٌ↓ andسَلَامٌ↓ are like سِلْمٌ [in signification]: (M: [the context there shows that the signification mentioned above is what is meant in this instance:]) or سِلْمٌ signifies the making peace, or becoming at peace or reconciled, with another or others; (Ḥam p. 80;) as alsoسَلْمٌ↓; and both are sometimes fem. as being syn. with مُصَالَحَةٌ. (L voce جَنَحَ, q. v.) In the saying of El-Aạshà,
* أَذَاقَتْهُمُ الحَرْبُ أَنْفَاسَهَا **وَقَدْ تُكْرَهُ الحَرْبُ بَعْدَ السِّلِمْ↓ *
[War made them, or has made them, to taste its draughts, and verily war is disliked after peace], he has transferred the vowel of the م to the ل, in pausing; or it may be that he has inserted a kesreh in imitation of the preceding kesreh: it is not an instance like إِبِل, in the opinion of Sb; for in his opinion the latter is the only instance of its kind. (M.) It is said in a trad., respecting El-Hodeybiyeh, أَخَذَ ثَمَانِينَ مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ سِلْمًا, orسَلْمًا↓, orسَلَمًا↓, accord. to different relations, meaning [He took forty of the people of Mekkeh] peaceably: thus expl. by El-Homeydee, in his “Ghareeb.” (TA. [See also سَلَمٌ below.])
Also i. q.سَلَامٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) as signifying Selfresignation, or submission; (TA; [and thus the latter is expl. in one place in the Ṣ;]) which is also a signification ofسَلَمٌ↓: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) and this is meant in the Ḳur [iv. 96], where it is said,وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَنْ أَلْقَى إِلَيْكُمُ ٱلسَّلَامَ↓ لَسْتَ مُؤْمِنًا, (Bḍ, TA,) orالسَّلَمَ↓, as some read, (Bḍ,) [i. e. And say not ye to him who offers to you submission, Thou art not a believer:] orالسَّلَامَ↓ here means the salutation of الإِسْلَام [by saying سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ]: (Bḍ, TA:*) or salutation, and submission by uttering the profession of الإِسْلَام; and soالسَّلَمَ↓: (Jel:) [or the latter here means, simply, salutation; and this is app. what is meant by its being said that] السَّلَمُ is the subst. from التَّسْلِيمُ; (Ḳ;) [but accord. to SM,] this means the unreserved approval of what is decreed; and this is said to be meant by the reading السَّلَمَ mentioned above. (TA.)
And [hence] السِّلْمُ signifies also الإِسْلَامُ [as meaning The religion of the Muslims; because it is a religion of self-resignation, or submission]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) this is meant in the Ḳur [ii. 204], where it is said, اُدْخُلُوا فِى السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً [Enter ye into the religion of El-Islám wholly]; (Ṣ, Bḍ, Jel;) and soالسَّلْمِ↓, as some there read; (Bḍ, Jel;) or both there mean submission and obedience to God: (Bḍ:) [and] السَّلَمُ↓ [also] has the former meaning. (M.)
Also, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andسَلْمٌ↓, (M,) A man, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) [and] a woman, (M,) who makes peace, or is at peace, with another; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) and in like manner, a company of men (قَوْمٌ). (M.) This is said to be meant in the Ḳur [xxxix. 30], where it is said, وَرَجْلًا سِلْمًا لِرَجُلٍ, as some read, i. e. And a man who is at peace with respect to a man: (TA:) or سِلْمًا andسَلْمًا↓ andسَلَمًا↓, three different readings, in the place of [the more common reading] سَالِمًا, are all inf. ns. of سَلِمَ, used as epithets [syn. with سَالِمًا], or ذَا is suppressed before them. (Bḍ.) You say, أَنَا سِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سَالَمَنِى [I am one who is at peace with respect to him who is at peace with me]. (Ṣ, TA.) And a poet says, [using this word in two different senses, the latter of which has been mentioned above,]
* أَنَائِلُ إِنَّنِى سِلْمٌ ** لِأَهْلِكِ فَٱقْبَلِى سِلْمِى *
[O Náïleh, (نَائِلُ being for نَائِلَةٌ, a woman's name, apocopated,) verily I am one who is at peace with respect to thy family, therefore accept thou my submission]. (TA. [It seems to be there indicated by the context that سلمى here means my peace, or reconciliation; which is less appropriate than the meaning that I have assigned to it.])
Also, in buying or selling, (Mṣb,) the subst. from أَسْلَمَ فِى الشَّىْءِ and سَلَّمَ signifying أَسْلَفَ, (M,) i. q. سَلَفٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e. Any money, or property, paid in advance, or beforehand, as the price of a commodity for which the seller has become responsible and which one has bought on description: (T and TA in art. سلف:) or payment for a commodity to be delivered at a certain [future] period with something additional to [the equivalent of] the current price at the time of such payment; this [transaction] being a cause of profit to him who makes such payment: (TA in that art.:) or a sort of sale in which the price is paid in advance, and the commodity is withheld, on the condition of description, to a certain [future] period: (Ṣ and O in that art., in explanation of سَلَفٌ:) but it is said in a trad. that the term سَلَمٌ as meaning سَلَفٌ was disliked; app. because the former is applied to obedience, and self-resignation, or submission, to God. (TA.)
And The making [one] captive. (Ḳ. [See 1, in the latter part of the paragraph.])
And A captive; (Ḳ;) because he submits himself. (TA.) One says, أَخَذَهُ سَلَمًا, (M, TA, [in the TḲ بِالسَّلَمِ,]) He took him [a captive], (TA,) or made him captive, (M,) without war: (M, TA:) or he brought him in a state of submission, not resisting; and so, if wounded: (IAạr, M, TA:) and thus El-Khaṭṭábee has expl. the phrase in the trad. respecting El-Hodeybiyeh cited above, voce سِلْمٌ. (TA.)
Also A sort of tree, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [the mimosa flava of Forskål, who writes its Arabic name in Italic characters syllæm, and in Arabic characters سليم, (Flora Aegypt. Arab., p. cxxiii.,)] a species (M) of the [kind of thorny trees called] عِضَاه, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, TA, [not غَضَاة, as in the Lexicons of Golius and Freytag,]) the leaves whereof are the قَرَظ, with which skin is tanned: (TA:) AḤn says, its branches are long, like rods; and it has no wood such as is used in carpentry, even if it grows large: it has slender, long thorns, grievous when they wound the foot of a man; and a yellow [fruit such as is termed] بَرَمَة [n. un. of بَرَمٌ, see this word, and see also حُبْلَةٌ,] which is the sweetest of the بَرَم in odour; and they tan with its leaves: and it is said, on the authority of the Arabs of the desert, that it has a yellow flower, containing a green grain (حَبَّة خَضْرَآء [or this may mean a grain of a dark, or an ashy, dustcolour]), of sweet odour, in which is somewhat of bitterness, and of which the gazelles are very fond: (M:) the n. un. is with ة: (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and pl. أَسْلَامٌ, (M,) and سِلَامٌ is said by IB to be pl. of the n. un., like as إِكَامٌ is of أَكَمَةٌ. (TA.) [Hence,] ذَاتُ أَسْلَامٍ A land (أَرْض) that gives growth to the [trees called] سَلَم. (Ḳ.) See also سلَمَان.
سَلِمٌ Stones; (Ṣ, M;) as alsoسِلَامٌ↓: (M:) andسَلِمَةٌ↓ [as n. un. of the former and sing. of the latter, (incorrectly written by Freytag, in one place, سَلَمَةٌ, and incorrectly said by him to be of the dial. of the people of Himyer,)] signifies a stone: (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb:) [or] the pl. [or quasipl. n.] of سَلِمَةٌ in this sense is سَلَامٌ↓, like كَلَامٌ in measure: (Mṣb:) orسَلِمَةٌ↓ signifies stones; (Ḳ;) or hard stones; (TA;) andسِلَامٌ↓ is its pl.: (Ḳ:) [said to be] so called because of their freedom (سلَامَة) from softness: (TA:) or this last signifies stones, the small thereof and the large; and they assign to it no sing.: (ISh, TA:) or سلام [probably meaningسَلَامٌ↓] is a quasi-pl. n.: (Aboo-Kheyreh, TA:) and it is also said to be a name for any broad stone. (TA.) See also سَلَمَان. A poet says, (namely, Bujeyr Ibn-'Anameh, IB, TA,)
* يَرْمِى وَرَائِى بِٱمْسَهْكِ وَٱمْسَهْمِ وَٱمْسَلِمَهْ *
[He casts from behind me (i. e. defends me) with the arrow and the stone]: this [usage of ام for ال] is of the dial. of [Teiyi and] Himyer. (Ṣ, TA.)
السِّلِمْ for السِّلْمْ: see سِلْمٌ, second sentence.
سَلِمَةٌ: see سَلِمٌ, in two places: and سَلَمَان.
Also A woman soft, or tender, in the أَطْرَاف [or fingers, or other extremities]. (Ḳ.)
And An old and weak she-camel. (IAạr, TA in art. سد.)
سَلْمَى A certain plant (Ḳ, TA) which becomes green in the [season called] صَيْف [app. here meaning spring]. (TA.)
أَبُو سَلْمَى The [species of lizard called] وَزَغ: (Ḳ:) or, some say, [as is said in the M,] أَبُو سَلْمَانَ↓. (TA.)
[In the CK, by a mistranscription, a meaning belonging to سُلَامَى is assigned to سَلْمَى.]
السَّلْمَآء, accord. to Aboo-Mis-hal, as meaning The earth, occurs in the prov., أَنْفٌ قِى المَآءِ وَٱسْتٌ فِى السَّلْمَآءِ [A nose in the water and a rump on the earth]: and if this be correct, it may be derived from سلام [i. e. سِلَامٌ] meaning “stones:” and it may be originally السَّلْمَى↓, and lengthened for the sake of the rhyme. (Ḥam p. 214.) [But the reading commonly known is, أَنْفٌ فِى السَّلْمَآءِ وَٱسْتٌ فِى المَآءِ.]
هُوَ سَلْمَانُ بَيْتِهِ He is the special, or particular, friend of his [another's] house; one who mixes with him much: from the saying of the Prophet, سَلْمَانُ مِنَّا أَهْلِ البَيْتِ [Selmán is of us, the people of the house]; referring to Selmán El-Fárisee. (Ḥar p. 472.)
أَبُو سَلْمَانَ: see سَلْمَى.
Also A species of the [black beetles called] جِعْلَان [pl. of جُعَلٌ, q. v.]: (M:) or i. q. جُعَلٌ, (IAạr, Ḳ,) or أَبُو جَعْرَان, with fet-ḥ [app. a mistake for kesr] to the ج: (Kr, TA:) or the largest of the جِعْلَان: or a certain insect like the جُعَل, having a pair of wings: (TA:) or the male of the [black beetles called] خَنَافِس [pl. of خُنْفَسَآءُ, q. v.]. (IAạr, TA in art. فرض.)
سَلَمَان or سَلِمَان, accord. to different readings, occurs in a trad. of Ibn-ʼOmar, in which it is said, كَانَ يُصَلِّى عِنْدَ سَلَمَانٍ فِى طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ [He used to pray at certain selem-trees, or certain stones, in the road of Mekkeh]: each may be a pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.]; the former, of سَلَمَةٌ↓, the “tree so called;” the latter, of سَلِمَةٌ↓, “stones” [or a “stone:” but both of these explanations are strange]. (TA.)
سَلَامٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) in its primary acceptation, (TA,) is syn. with سَلَامَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) as is also سَلَمٌ↓, (Ṣ, [so in one of my copies, but omitted in the other copy,]) and signifies Safety, security, immunity, or freedom, from faults, defects, imperfections, blemishes, or vices, (Ṣ,* [mentioned in one only of my two copies, and there as relating peculiarly to the third word,] K, [in which it ostensibly relates peculiarly to the first word, but in the CK, by the omission of a و before it, it is made to relate only to the second word,] and TA, [accord. to which it relates to the first and second words, as it is well known to do,]) and from evils of any kind: (TA:) or [simply] safety, security, immunity, or freedom; as alsoسَلَامَةٌ↓: (Sb, M:) IḲt says that these two words may be dial. vars. [syn. each with the other]; or the former may be pl. of the latter [or rather a coll. gen. n. of which the latter is the n. un.]: (M, TA:) and Suh says, in the R, that most of the lexicologists hold them to have one [and the same] meaning: but that if they considered the language of the Arabs, and the distinction, or limitation, denoted by the ة, they would see that between them is a great difference [inasmuch as the former has a large range of meaning which the latter has not, as will be seen from what follows]. (TA.) سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ is an announcement of the continuance of سَلَامَة [or safety, &c.]: (Bḍ in xiii. 24:) [it may therefore be rendered Safety, &c., be, or light and abide, on you; or, generally, peace be, or light and abide, on you; for] it means nothing disliked, or evil, shall befall you henceforth: (Bḍ in xvi. 34:) and سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ [may be rendered in like manner; for it virtually] means I will not do to thee anything that is disliked, or evil; (Bḍ and Jel in xix. 48;) nor say to thee henceforward what would annoy thee, or be disagreeable, or evil, to thee. (Bḍ ibid.) It may also be [rendered May safety, &c., or peace, be, or light and abide, on you; as] a prayer for سَلَامَة, to those to whom it is addressed, from the state in which they are at the time. (Bḍ in xxviii. 55.) [It is generally held that this salutation may not be used by, nor to, any but a Muslim.] In the beginning of an epistle, the approved practice is to write سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ, without the article ال; and in repeating it, at the end, to write it with that article. (Durrat el-Ghowwáṣ, in De Sacy's Anthol. Gramm. Arabe, p. 72 of the Arabic text. [In the latter case, the general practice in the present day is to write simply وَالسَّلَام, suppressing عَلَيْكَ.]) In saluting the dead, one puts عَلَيْكَ first, saying, عَلَيْكَ سَلَامُ ٱللّٰهِ. (Ḥam p. 367.) You also say,لَا بِسَلَامَتِكَ↓ مَا كَانَ كَذَا وَكَذَا [No, by thy safety, such and such things were not]. (Ṣ.) السُّلَامُ is also a name of God, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [applied to Him in the Ḳur lix. 23, accord. to some for ذُو السَّلَامِ, i. e. ذُو السَّلَامَةِ,] because of his safety, or freedom, from defect, and imperfection, and cessation of existence; (IḲt, M, TA;) or from variations, and as being the everlasting, who brings the creation to nought and will not come to nought; or, accord. to Suh in the R, He is so named [as being the Author of Safety, Security, &c.; i. e.] because He has rendered all his creatures safe, or free, from defectiveness, or unsoundness, and mankind and the jinn, or genii, from the betiding of injustice, or wrong, to them, from Him; and the expositors who assert that He is thus named because of his safety, or freedom, from imperfections, and evils of any kind, utter an unseemly saying, making سَلَامٌ to be syn. with سَالِمٌ↓, which latter applies only to him who is liable to evil of any kind, and who expects it, and then becomes safe, or free, from it. (TA.) دَارُ السَّلَامِ is an appellation of Paradise, (M, Ḳ,) [applied thereto in the Ḳur vi. 127 and x. 26,] as being the abode of everlasting safety, or security; (Zj, M, TA;) the abode of safety, or security, from evils of any kind, from death and decrepitude and diseases [&c.]: (TA:) or as being the abode of God. (M, TA.)
See also سِلْمٌ, in four places.
[As is there stated,] it signifies also Salutation, or greeting; (M, TA;) particularly the salutation of الإِسْلَام [by saying سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ or سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ, expl. above]; (Bḍ in iv. 96;) a subst. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, TA) from سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ, (Mṣb,) [i. e.] from التُّسْلِيمُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, TA,) like كَلَامٌ from التَّكْلِيمُ. (Mgh. [See 2, third sentence.])
In the saying in the Ḳur [xxv. 64], وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ ٱلْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا [And when the ignorant speak to them, they say, سَلَامًا], this last word signifies تَسَلُّمًا, (Sb, M,) or تَسَلُّمًا مِنْكُمْ [for نَتَسَلَّمُ مِنْكُمْ تَسَلُّمًا We declare ourselves to be clear, or quit, of you], and مُتَارَكَهً لَلُمْ [for نُتَارِكُكُمْ مُتَارَكَةً we relinquish you], (Bḍ,) [and means] there shall be neither good nor evil between us (Sb, M, Bḍ) and you: it is not the سلام that is used in salutation; for the verse was revealed at Mekkeh, and the Muslims had not then been commanded to salute the believers in a plurality of gods: (Sb, M:) [in iv. 88 of the Ḳur, which was promulgated afterwards, at El-Medeeneh, is a general command to return a salutation with a better or with the same; but the Sunneh prescribes that the salutation of سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ or سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ when addressed to a Muslim by one not a Muslim is to be returned only by saying وَعَلَيْكَ or وَعَلَيْكُمْ:] or the meaning in xxv. 64 is, they say a right saying, in which they are secure from harming and sinning. (Bḍ.) Sb asserts that Aboo-Rabee'ah used to say, إِذَا لَقِيتَ فُلَانًا فَقُلْ سَلَامًا, meaning تَسَلُّمًا [for أَتَسَلَّمُ مِنْكَ تَسَلُّمًا, i. e. When thou meetest such a one, say, I declare myself to be clear, or quit, of thee]: and he says that some of them said سَلَامٌ, meaning The case of me and thee is the [case of] being clear, or quit, each of the other; and the [case of] mutual relinquishing. (M.) [It is usual, in the present day, to say, اِفْعَلْ كَذَا وَالسَّلَام, meaning Do thou such a thing, and there will be an end of altercation between us.]
Also A kind of trees; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) they assert that they are evergreen; nothing eats them; but the gazelles keep to them, and protect themselves by their shade, but do not hide among them; and they are not great trees, nor of the kind called عِضَاه: (AḤn, M:) they are also called سِلَامٌ↓; (Ḳ;) or this is pl. of سَلَمَةٌ [n. un. of سَلَمٌ], which is of another kind; like as إِكَامٌ is pl. of أَكَمَةٌ: (IB, TA:) n. un. with ة. (Ṣ, M.) السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ was said to an Arab of the desert; and he replied, الجَثْجَاثُ عَلَيْكَ: and being asked, “What is this reply?” he answered, “They are two bitter trees: thou hast put upon me one, so I have put upon thee the other.” (Ḳ.)
See also سَلِمٌ, in two places.
سِلَامٌ: see سَلِمٌ, in two places:
and the paragraph here next preceding, last sentence but two.
سَلِيمٌ i. q. سَالِمٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) which means Safe, secure, or free, (Mṣb,) from evils of any kind; (Ḳ, Mṣb, TA;) applied to a man: (M:) pl. سُلَمَآءُ; (M, Ḳ, TA;) in some copies of the Ḳ سَلْمَى, like جَرْحَى pl. of جَرِيحٌ; (TA;) [but this is probably its pl. only when it is used in the sense of جَرِيحٌ or the like, as seems to be the case from what follows.] Also, (M,) applied to a heart: (Ṣ, M:) بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ, in the Ḳur xxvi. 89, means With a heart free from unbelief: (M, TA:) or, divested of corruptness, or unsoundness: (Er-Rághib, TA:) in the Ḳur xxxvii. 82, some say that it means with a grieving, or sorrowful, heart; from سَلِيمٌ in the sense here next following. (Bḍ.)
Also i. q. لَدِيغٌ [meaning Bitten by a serpent]; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoسَلَامٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andمَسْلُومٌ↓: (Ḳ:) app., (Ṣ,) as implying a good omen, of safety; (Ṣ, M;) or because the person is left (مُسْلَمٌ) to that [bane] which is in him: (IAạr, Ṣ,* M:) and sometimes it is metaphorically used as meaning ‡ wounded: (M:) or it means wounded, at the point of death, (M, Ḳ,) as some say: (M:) pl. سَلْمَى. (M, and Ḥam p. 214.)
Also, (M, Ḳ,) of a horse, (M,) The part, of the hoof, that is between the أَشْعَر [or hair, or extremity of the skin, next the hoof], (M, TA,) or that is between the أَمْعَر [q. v.], (Ḳ,) but the former is the right, (TA,) and the interior of the hoof. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
سَلَامَةٌ [the most usual inf. n. of سَلِمَ]: see سَلَامٌ, in three places.
Also n. un. of سَلَامٌ applied to a kind of trees [described above]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
سُلَامَى, a noun of the fem. gender, (Mṣb,) A certain bone that is in the فِرْسِن [q. v., here meaning foot] of the camel: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) this is said by AʼObeyd to be the primary signification: (Ṣ:) or the سُلَامَى of the camel are the bones of the فُرْسِن [or foot]: (M:) [for] سُلَامَى is used alike as sing. and pl., and sometimes it has also a pl., (Ṣ,) which is سُلَامَيَاتٌ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or it is a pl. [or rather a coll. gen. n.], of which the sing. [or n. un.] is سُلَامَيَةٌ, signifying the أَنْمَلَة [q. v.] of [any of] the fingers: (IAth, TA:) [but this is a strange explanation:] it is said that the last parts in which مُخّ [here meaning marrow or pulp and the like] remains in a camel when he has become emaciated are the سُلَامَى and eye; and when it has gone from these, he has none remaining: (Ṣ:) the pl. سُلَامَيَاتٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) or سُلَامَى, (M, Mṣb,) also signifies the bones of the أَصَابِع, (Ṣ, M,) so says Kh, and Zj adds that they are also called the قَصَب, (Mṣb,) of the hand and of the foot; (M;) [i. e., of the fingers and of the toes; and this seems to be the most common meaning, in relation to a human being; namely, the phalanges of the fingers and of the toes;] that are between every two joints [and what are beyond the extreme joints] of the أَصَابِع: accord. to Lth, the سلامى are the bones of the أَصَابِع [or fingers and toes] and the أَشَاجِع and the أَكَارِع, and are hard and compact bones like كِعَاب [pl. of كَعْبٌ]: (TA: [see the words that I have here left untranslated, for the senses in which they are here used are doubtful:]) accord. to IAạr, (M,) certain small bones, of the length of the إِصْبَع [or finger], (M, Ḳ,) or nearly so, (M,) or less, (Ḳ,) of which there are four, or three, (M,) [or app., five, for the meaning here seems to be the metacarpal and metatarsal bones, to which the terms سُلَامَى and سُلَامَيَاتٌ are sometimes applied, (see أَشْجَعُ and مُشْظٌ,)] in the hand and in the foot, (Ḳ,) [i. e.] in each hand and foot: (M:) Ḳṭr says that the سلاميات are the عُرُوق [app. a mistake for عِظَام i. e. bones] of the outer side of the hand and foot: (Mṣb:) سلامى is also said to signify any small hollow bone: and any bone of a human being: and ISh says that in every horse are six سلاميات [app. in the fore legs and the same in the hind legs; for he seems to mean that the term سلامى is applied to each of the pasternbones and to the coffin-bone; these three corresponding to the phalanges of a human being: see فَصٌّ]: (TA:) it is not allowable to write سلامى otherwise than with what is termed the short alif. (MF, TA.)
سُلَامَى, (M, Ḳ,) like سُكَّارَى, (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK like سَكْرٰى, which is shown to be wrong by a verse cited in the M and TA,]) signifies also The [south, or southerly, wind called] جَنُوب. (M, Ḳ.)
سَلَامَانٌ A kind of tree, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) growing in soft, or plain, tracts: (M:) AZ says, it is like the أَلَآء, which is a tree resembling the myrtle, which changes not in the midst of summer, and which has a produce resembling the head [or ear] of millet (ذُرَة), except that it is smaller than the الآء; tooth-sticks (مَسَاوِيك) are made from it; and its produce is like that of the الآء; and it grows in the sands and the deserts: (TA in art. الأ:) n. un. with ة. (M.)
نَمْلُ سُلَيْمَانُ Red ants [lit. the ants of Solomon]. (TA voce أَحْوَى, in art. حو.)
سُلَّمٌ A ladder, or a series of stairs or steps, syn. مِرْقَاةٌ, (M, Ḳ,) and دَرَجَةٌ, (M,) or مِعْرَاجٌ, (Mṣb,) upon which one ascends; (Ṣ, Mgh;) either of wood or of clay [&c.]: (Mgh:) said by Zj to be so called because it delivers thee (يُسَلِّمُكَ) to the place to which thou desirest to go, (Mgh, TA,) i. e., to some high place, and thou hopest for safety (السَّلَامَة) by means of it: (Er-Rághib, TA:) masc. and fem.; (Lth, M, Mgh;) [app., accord. to Lth and F, generally fem.; for] accord. to Lth, one says, هِىَ السُّلَّمُ and هُوَ السُّلَّمُ; (Mgh;) [and F says,] it is sometimes made masc.: (Ḳ:) pl. سَلَالِيمُ (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) and سَلَالِمُ, (Ḳ,) [which latter is the original, for] the ى in سَلَالِيمُ is added by poetic license. (M, TA.) [Hence,] السُّلَّمُ † Certain stars, below [those called] العَانَةُ, on the right of them; (Ḳ;) as being likened to the سُلَّم [above-mentioned]. (TA.)
And The غَرْز [or stirrup of the camel's saddle] (Ṣ, Ḳ) is sometimes thus called [as being a means of mounting]. (Ṣ.)
And ‡ A means to a thing; (Ḳ, TA;) because it leads to another thing like as does the سُلَّم upon which one ascends. (TA.)
And السُّلَّمُ is the name of The horse of Zebbán (in the CK Zeiyán) Ibn-Seiyár. (Ḳ.)
[Hence,] كَلِمَةٌ سَالِمَةُ العَيْنَيْنِ ‡ A good word or expression or sentence. (TA.)
The saying of J [in the Ṣ], (Ḳ,) in which he has followed his maternal uncle El-Fárábee, (TA,) that it signifies The portion of skin between the eye and the nose, is a mistake; (IB, Ḳ;) and his citation, as an authority, of the verse of ʼAbdAllah Ibn-ʼOmar (Ḳ) in which he says,
* وَجِلْدَةُ بَيْنَ العَيْنِ وَالأَنْفِ سَالِمُ *
(TA,) is futile: (Ḳ:) for, as IB says, Sálim was the son of Ibn-ʼOmar, who, by reason of his love of him, thus makes him to be as the skin between his eyes and his nose: or, as MF says, the truth is, that the said verse is by Zuheyr, and Ibn-ʼOmar used it as a proverb: and [SM says], if this be correct, it strengthens the saying of J. (TA.)
أَسْلَمُ [More, and most, safe or secure or free from evils of any kind]. You say, هٰذَا أَسْلَمُ مِنْ هٰذَا [This is more safe &c. than this]: and هٰذَا الأَسْلَمُ [This is the most safe &c.]; and هٰذِهِ السُّلْمَى. (Ḥam p. 214.)
And الاسلم [app. الأَسْلَمُ] signifies, like الطفى [i. e. الطَّفْىُ]; The leaves (خُوص) of the دَوْم [or Theban palm]. (Ibn-Beytár, app. from AḤn, cited by De Sacy in his Chrest. Arabe, 2nd ed., iii. 480.)
الإِسْلَامُ [inf. n. of 4, q. v.]
[It is the general term for The religion of Moḥammad: differing from الإِيمَانُ, as shown above: see 4.]
[And hence, for أَهْلُ الإِسْلَامِ, or the like,] The Muslims, collectively. (M in art. بيض, &c.)
إِسْلَامِىٌّ [Of, or relating to, الأِسْلَام as meaning the religion of Moḥammad.]
[And particularly] A poet of the class next after the مُخَضْرَمُون and next before the مُوَلَّدُون. (Mz 49th نوع.) [See the Preface to the present work, p. ix.] The most celebrated of the poets of this class, it seems, were Jereer, El-Farezdaḳ, El-Akhtal, and Dhu-rRummeh, who were contemporaries, and flourished in the first and second centuries of the Flight. (Mz ubi suprà, and Ibn-Khillikán in art. جَرِير.)
لَفْظٌ إِسْلَامِىٌّ A word, or phrase, introduced, or used in a new sense, on the occasion of the promulgation and establishment of the religion of الإِسْلَام, by means of the Ḳur-án &c. (Mz 20th نوع.)
الأُسَيْلِمُ [The vena salvatella;] a certain vein (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) in the hand, (M,) between the little finger and the finger next to this: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) it occurs only [thus] in the dim. form. (M.)
مُسْلِمٌ act. part. n. of 4 [q. v.]. (Mṣb.) وَٱجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمِينَ لَكَ, in the Ḳur ii. 122, means And make both of us self-resigned, or submissive, to Thee: (Bḍ, Jel:) or, sincere in religion, or without hypocrisy, towards Thee; syn. مُخْلِصَيْنِ: (M, Bḍ:) and therefore مسلمين is made trans. by means of ل. (M.)
[It commonly means One who holds, or professes, the religion of الإِسْلَام.] And one says,كَأَنَ كَافِرًا ثُمَّ هُوَاليَوْمَ مُسْلَمَةٌ↓ [He was an unbeliever: then, to day, he has become a Muslim]. (M.)
مَسْلَمَةٌ: see what next precedes.
المُسَلَّم is said to be used in the sense ofالمُسْتَلَم↓ in the saying of El-ʼAjjáj,
* بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالكَعْبَةِ المُسَلَّممِ *
[Between Es-Safà and the Kaabeh of which the Black Stone is touched with the hand, or kissed: see 8]. (M.)
مَسْلُومٌ: see سَلِيمٌ.
Also A hide, or skin, tanned with [قَرَظ, or leaves of] the سَلَم. (Ṣ, M.)
أَرْضٌ مَسْلُومَآءُ A land abounding with the trees called سَلَم. (M, Ḳ.)
Suh says, on the authority of AḤn, that مَسْلُومَآءُ is a name for A collection of سَلَم; like مَشْيُوخَآءُ applied to “many elders, or men advanced in age.” (TA.)
المُسْتَلَم: see المُسَلَّم.
مُسْتَلَمُ القَدَمَيْنِ means A man soft, or tender, in the feet. (TA.)