زيغ زيف زيق
1. (زيف ⇒ زاف)
زَافَ, aor. يَزِيفُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. زَيْفٌ and زَيَفَانٌ (O, Ḳ) and زُيُوفٌ, (TA,) said of a camel, (Ṣ, TA,) and of a man, &c., (TA,) He walked with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or he went quickly, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side. (TA.) And زَافَتْ فِى مِشْيَتِهَا, said of a woman, She appeared as though she were turning round, or circling, in her gait. (Z, TA.) [This is app. from what next follows.] One says of a male pigeon, زاف عِنْدَ الحَمَامَةِ He dragged the tail, and impelled his fore part with his hinder part, and turned, or circled, around the female pigeon: (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ,* TA:) and of a female pigeon one says, تَزِيفُ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الحَمَامِ الذَّكَرِ, meaning She walks with boldness and presumptuousness before the male pigeon. (TA.) And a poet describing a battle says of it زَافَتْ, meaning The hinder part thereof impelled the fore part. (L, TA.)
زاف, (Kr, TA,) inf. n. زَيْفٌ, (Kr,) said of a building, (Kr, TA,) &c., (TA,) It was, or became, high. (Kr, TA.)
زافت الدَّرَاهِمُ, (Ṣ, MA, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. تَزِيفُ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. زَيْفٌ, (Mṣb,) or زُيُوفٌ, (Mgh, Ḳ,) for which the lawyers say زِيَافَةٌ, (Mgh,) The dirhems, or pieces of money, were bad: (MA, Mṣb:) or were rejected, or returned, (Mgh, Ḳ,) عَلَيْهِ [to him], (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) because of adulterating alloy therein: (Mgh, Ḳ:) or, accord. to the M, simply, were rejected, or returned; (TA;) [and] so زُيِّفَت↓. (Mgh.)
زاف الحَائِطَ, (O, Ḳ,) inf. n. زَيْفٌ, (TA,) He leaped the wall; syn. قَفَزَهُ; (O, Ḳ;) said of a man. (O.)
تَزْيِيفٌ is said to signify primarily The separating, or setting apart, such [money] as is passable, or current, from such as is termed زَائِف: and hence, the rejecting [money], or returning [it]: and the making [it], or proving [it] to be, false, or spurious. (TA.) One says, زيّف الدَّرَاهِمَ, (Ṣ, MA, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَزْيِيفٌ, (Mṣb,) He made, (MA, Ḳ,) or pronounced, (Ḳ,) or showed, (Mṣb,) the dirhems, or pieces of money, to be bad, (MA, Mṣb,) or to be such as are termed زُيُوف; (Ḳ;) as alsoزَافَهَا↓. (Lḥ, Ḳ.) See also 1, near the end of the paragraph.
And زيّفهُ, (Kr, TA,) inf. n. as above, (Kr,) ‡ He made his blood to be of no account, to go for nothing, unretaliated, or uncompensated by a mulct; or made it allowable to take, or shed, his blood: (TA:) or he made him to be contemptible, ignominious, base, or vile, in the estimation of others: (Kr, TA:) from دِرْهَمٌ زَائِفٌ “a bad dirhem, or piece of money.” (TA.)
تزيّفت, said of a woman, [like تزيّقت,] She ornamented, or adorned, herself. (O.)
[Accord. to Freytag, تزيّف signifies It was adulterated: and in Ḥar p. 612 it is expl. as signifying صار زيّفا فى احواله, which seems to have this or a similar meaning; زيّفا being app. a mistranscription for زَيْفًا or مُزَيَّفًا.]
زَيْفٌ: see زَائِفٌ, in four places.
Also The إِفْرِيز, i. e., (Kr, TA,) the طَنَف, (Kr, O, Ḳ, TA,) [meaning the coping, or ledge, or cornice,] that protects a wall, (O, Ḳ, TA,) surrounding the upper part of the wall, (Kr,) or surrounding the walls at the top of a house: (TA:) or, as some say, (O, in the Ḳ “and,”) the steps, or stairs, of places of ascent: (O, Ḳ:) or, as some say, (Kr, O, in the Ḳ “and,”) i. q. شُرَفٌ [meaning acroterial ornaments forming a single member of a cresting of a wall, or of the crown of a cornice]: n. un. with ة. (Kr, O, Ḳ.)
زَيَّافٌ, and with ة: see the next paragraph, in three places.
زَائِفٌ One who walks in the manner described in the first sentence of this art.; as alsoزَيْفٌ↓, which is an inf. n. used as an epithet: (TA:) [and soزَيَّافٌ↓, but properly in an intensive sense:] andزَيَّافَةٌ↓ a she-camel proud and self-conceited [in her gait]. (Ṣ.) Hence, (TA,) الزَّائِفُ signifies The lion; as alsoالزَّيَّافُ↓; (O, Ḳ;) but the latter has an intensive meaning: (TA:) so called because of his proud and selfconceited walk. (O, TA.)
Also, andزَيْفٌ↓, (Ṣ, Kr, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the latter an inf. n. used as an epithet, (Mṣb,) or, accord. to IDrd, this is a vulgar term, (O,) or bad, (Ḳ,) applied to a dirhem, or piece of money, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) to gold and to silver, (Ḥar p. 369, referring to the latter word,) Bad: (Kr, Mṣb, and Ḥar ubi suprà:) or such as are rejected, or returned, because of adulterating alloy therein: (Mgh, O, Ḳ:) or, as some say, such as are less bad than what are termed بَهْرَج, being such as are rejected by [the officers of] the government-treasury; whereas the بهرج are such as are rejected by the merchants, or traders: (Mgh:) the pl. is زِيَافٌ and أَزْيَافٌ, (O, Ḳ,) [the latter a pl. of pauc.,] or the pl. ofزَيْفٌ↓ is زُيُوفٌ, and the pl. of زَائِفٌ is زُيَّفٌ: (Mgh,* Mṣb:) accord. to some, the زُيُوف are such as are done over with a compound of quicksilver and sulphur. (Mṣb.) [It is implied in the Mṣb that زَيْفٌ↓ is the more common term, though, as has been stated above, it is said by IDrd to be vulgar: and it is also applied to human beings: for ex.,] a poet says,
* تَرَى القَوْمَ أَشْبَاهًا إِذَا نَزَلُوامَعًا ** وَفِى القَوْمِ زَيْفٌ مِثْلُ زَيْفِ الدَّرَاهِمِ *
[Thou seest the people to be likes when they alight together; but among the people are bad like the bad of dirhems.] (TA.)