زمك زمل زملق
زَمَلَ, aor. ـُ and ـِ, inf. n. زَمَالٌ, He ran, (Ḳ, TA,) and went along quickly, (TA,) leaning, or bearing, on one side, raising his other side; (Ḳ, TA;) as though he were bearing upon one leg; not with the firmness of him who bears upon both of his legs. (TA.)
And زَمَلَ (Ḳ, TA) فِى مَشْيِهِ and عَدْوِهِ, aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. زَمْلٌ and زَمَالٌ [the latter accord. to the CK زِمَالٌ but said in the TA to be with fet-ḥ like the former,] and زَمَلَانٌ (Ḳ, TA) and زَمَلٌ, (TA as from the Ḳ, [but not in the CK nor in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ,]) said of a horse or similar beast, (Ḳ, TA,) or of a wild ass, (TA,) He was as though he limped, by reason of his briskness, or sprightliness, (Ḳ,) or as though bearing upon his fore legs, by reason of pride, or self-conceit, and briskness, in his going and his running. (TA.)
زَمَلَهُ, (Mgh, Mṣb,) inf. n. زَمْلٌ, (TA,) He bore it, or carried it; namely, a thing: (Mgh, Mṣb:) andاِزْدَمَلَهُ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ,) originally ازتمله, (TA,) signifies the same; or he took it up and carried it, or he raised it upon his back; syn. اِحْتَمَلَهُ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) at once; (Ḳ;) namely, a load: (TA:) like زَبَلَهُ and ازدبلهُ. (TA in art. زبل.)
And زَمَلَهُ, (IDrd, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. زَمْلٌ, (TA,) He made him to ride behind him, (IDrd, Ḳ,) عَلَى البَعِيرِ on the camel: (IDrd:) or he rode with him [on a camel, in a مَحْمِل,] so as to counterbalance him; (Ḳ, TḲ:) and soزاملهُ↓, (Mgh,) inf. n. مُزَامَلَةٌ, (Ṣ,) he rode with him so as to counterbalance him (Ṣ * Mgh) on a camel, (Ṣ,) in the مَحْمِل. (Mgh.)
[And زَمَلَ غَيْرَهُ, aor. ـُ, He followed another:] see zaAmilN.
زمّلهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) inf. n. تَزْمِيلٌ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) He wrapped him (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ *) فِى ثَوْبِهِ [in his garment], (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) or فى ثِيَابِهِ [in his garments], (Mgh,) or بِثَوْبِهِ [with his garment]. (Mṣb.)
[Hence, app.,] تَزْمِيلٌ signifies also The act of concealing. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
see 1, last sentence but one.
مُزَامَلَةٌ also signifies The requiting with beneficence. (AA, TA in art. حمل.)
تزمّل (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and اِزَّمَّلَ, (Mgh, Ḳ,) the latter of the measure اِفَّعَّلَ, (Ḳ,) [a variation of the former,] andاِزْدَمَلَ↓, (TA,) He wrapped himself (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) بِثِيَابِهِ [with his garments], (Ṣ,) and so تزمّل alone, (TA,) or فِى ثِيَابِهِ [in his garments], (Mgh, TA,) or بِثَوْبِهِ [with his garment]. (Mṣb.)
تزاملوا i. q. تراجزوا [i. e. They recited verses, or poetry, of the metre termed رَجَز, which is also termed زَمَل, one with another; or vied in doing so]. (TA.)
8. (ازدمل ⇒ ازدمل)
اِزْدَمَلَ: see 5.
اِزْدَمَلَهُ: see 1.
Q. Q. 1. زَوْمَلَ
زَوْمَلَ, (TḲ,) inf. n. زَوْمَلَةٌ, (Ḳ,) He drove camels. (Ḳ, TḲ.)
زِمْلٌ A load, or burden. (Ḳ.) It occurs in a trad. as meaning † A load of knowledge. (TA.)
[Household-goods; or furniture and utensils. (Freytag, on the authority of the Deewán of the Hudhalees.) See also أَزْمَلٌ.]
مَا فِى جُوَالِقِكَ إِلَّا زِمْلٌ means There is not in thy sack save a half. (AA, Ḳ.)
زَمَلٌ The kind of verse, or poetry, [more commonly] termed رَجَز: [hence,] a poet says,
* لَا يُغْلَبُ النَّازِعُ مَا دَامَ الزَّمَلْ *
[The drawer of water will not be overcome as long as the زمل continues]; meaning, as long as he recites [or chants] the verse termed رَجَز [or زَمَل], he is strong enough to work: thus it is related on the authority of AA: another reading is الرَّمَلْ: both are correct as to meaning. (IJ, TA.)
زَمِلٌ and زُمَلٌ: see زُمَّلٌ.
زُمْلَةٌ A company of persons travelling together, or with whom one is travelling; (AZ, Ḳ;) as alsoزَوْمَلَةٌ↓: (En-Naḍr, TA:) or, as some say, (TA,) a company or a collection [in an absolute sense]. (Ḳ, TA.)
زِمْلَةٌ Luxuriant, or abundant, and dense [palmtrees such as are termed] جَبَّار: [الجُمّار in the CK is a mistranscription:] and a collection of وَدِىّ [i. e. small young palm-trees, or shoots cut off from palm-trees and planted]: and young palm-trees exceeding the reach of the hand: (Ḳ, TA:) all on the authority of El-Hejeree. (TA.)
زَمَلَةٌ: see أَزْمَلٌ, in two places.
زِمَالٌ A limping in a camel. (Ḳ.)
And A wrapper that is put over a رَاوِيَة [or leathern water-bag]: pl. زُمُلٌ and أَزْمِلَةٌ: (Az, Ḳ:) you say ثَلَاثَةُ أَزْمِلَةٍ. (Az, TA.)
زَمِيلٌ One who rides behind another (IDrd, Ṣ, Ḳ) on a camel (IDrd, TA) that carries the food and the household-goods or furniture and utensils; (TA;) andزِمْلٌ↓ signifies the same, (Ḳ,) and so doesمَزْمُولٌ↓: (IDrd, TA:) or one who rides behind another on a horse or similar beast: (TA:) or one who rides with another in a مَحْمِل so as to counterbalance him. (Mgh.) It is metaphorically used in the saying, أَنْتَ فَارِسُ العِلْمِ وَأَنَا زَمِيلُكَ ‡ [Thou art the horseman of science, or knowledge, and I am he who rides behind thee]. (TA.)
Hence, A travelling-companion (Mgh, TA) who assists one in the performance of his affairs. (TA.) It is said in a trad., لَا يُفَارِقُ رَجُلٌ زَمِيلَهُ, i. e. [A man shall not separate himself from] his travelling-companion. (Mgh.)
زَمِيلَانِ means Two men engaged in work upon their two camels: when they are without work, they are called رَفِيقَانِ. (Ḳ.)
زُمَيْلٌ and زُمَيْلَةٌ: see زُمَّلٌ.
زِمْيَلٌّ: see what next follows.
زُمَّلٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andزُمَلٌ↓ andزِمْلٌ↓ [said in the CK to be like عِدَةٌ, but correctly like عِدْلٌ,] andزَمِلٌ↓ andزُمَيْلٌ↓ (Ḳ) andزُمَّيْلٌ↓ andزُمَّالٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andزِمْيَلٌّ↓ andزُمَيْلَةٌ↓ andزُمَّيْلَةٌ↓ (Ḳ, or this is fem., Ṣ) andزُمَّالَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) Cowardly, weak, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) low, mean, or contemptible; who wraps himself up in his house, or tent; not rising and hastening to engage in warfare; indolently refraining from aspiring to great things. (TA.) [See also إِزْمِيلٌ. Accord. to J,] زُمَّيْلَةٌ↓ signifies Weak as a fem. epithet. (Ṣ.)
زُمَّالٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
زُمَّيْلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
زُمَّالَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
زُمَّيْلَةٌ: see زُمَّلٌ, in two places.
زَامِلٌ, applied to a horse or similar beast, (Ḳ, TA,) or to a wild ass, (A' Obeyd, TA,) That is as though he limped, by reason of his briskness, or sprightliness. (A' Obeyd, Ḳ, TA.) [Hence, app., the name of] The horse of Mo'áwiyeh Ibn-Mirdás Es-Sulamee. (Ḳ.)
Also One who follows (يَزْمُلُ↓, [in the CK يُزَمِّلُ,] i. e. يَتْبَعُ,) another. (Ḳ.)
زَامِلَةٌ A camel (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) or other beast (Ḳ) used for carrying (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) the goods, or furniture and utensils, of a man (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) travelling, (Mgh, Mṣb,) and his food; (Ṣ, Mgh;) the ة denoting intensiveness: (Mṣb:) or a she-camel upon which are carried the goods, or furniture and utensils, of the traveller: (Ḥar p. 130:) from زَمَلَ “he bore, or carried,” a thing: (Mgh, Mṣb:) pl. زَوَامِلُ. (TA.) [See also زَوْمَلَةٌ.]
Afterwards used to signify The عِدْل [properly half-load] in which is the pilgrim's travelling-provision, consisting of biscuit, or dry bread, and fruit (ثمر [app. a mistranscription for تَمْر i. e. dates]), and the like. (Mgh.)
زَوْمَلَةٌ Camels having their loads upon them: (IAạr, M, Ḳ:* [in the Ḳ, وَالعِيرِ should be وَالعِيرُ, or rather وَالإِبِلُ:]) and so لَطِيمَةٌ: عِيرٌ signifies “camels laden or not laden:” (IAạr, M:) زَوَامِلُ may be either its pl. or pl. of زَامِلَةٌ [q. v.]. (TA.)
هُوَ ٱبْنُ زَوْمَلَتِهَا means He is a knower of it; (IAạr, Ḳ;) i. e., of the affair. (IAạr.)
And اِبْنُ زَوْمَلَةَ, also, means The son of the female slave. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
أَزْمَلٌ A sound: (Aṣ, Ṣ:) or any mixed, or confused, sound: or a sound proceeding from the prepuce of a horse or similar beast: (Ḳ:) it has no verb. (TA.) A poet says,
* تَضِبُّ لِثَاتُ الخَيْلِ فِى حَجَرَاتِهَا ** وَتَسْمَعُ مِنْ تَحْتِ العَجَاجِ لَهَا ٱزْمَلَا *
[The gums of the horses water in the adjacent tracts thereof, and thou hearest, beneath the dust, a sound attributable to them]: he means أَزْمَلَا, but suppresses the ء, as is done in وَيْلُمِّهِ [for وَيْلٌ لِأُمِّهِ]. (Ṣ.) أَزَامِيلُ القِسِىّ means The sounds of the bows: اَزاميل being pl. of أَزْمَلٌ, with ى to give fulness to the sound of the vowel preceding it. (TA.) Andأَزْمَلَةٌ↓ signifies The twanging sound of a bow. (Ḳ, TA.)
تَرَكَ أَزْمَلًا andأَزْمَلَةً↓ andزَمَلَةً↓ He left a family, or household. (Ḳ.) And خَرَجَ فُلَانٌ وَخَلَّفَ أَزْمَلَهُ [Such a one went forth, and left behind him his family, or his family and his cattle]: and خَرَجَ بِأَزْمَلِهِ He went forth with his family and his camels and his sheep or goats, not leaving behind him aught of his property. (AZ, TA.)
[Hence, app.,] أَخَذَهُ بِأَزْمَلِهِ [in one of my copies of the Ṣ, أَزْمَلَهُ,] He took it altogether; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) namely, a thing. (Ṣ.) And He took it with its أَثَاث [or utensils and furniture]; as alsoبِأَزْمُلِهِ↓ andأَزْمَلَتِهِ↓ (Ḳ) andزَمَلَتِهِ↓. (L, TA.)
Andعِيَالَاتٌ أَزْمَلَةٌ↓ i. e. Numerous [families or households]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.*)
أَزْمُلٌ, whence أَخَذَهُ بِأَزْمُلِهِ: see the next preceding paragraph, last sentence but one.
أَزْمَلَةٌ: see أَزْمَلٌ, in four places.
إِزْمَوْلٌ: see أُزْمُولَةٌ.
إِزْمِيلٌ A shoemaker's knife (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) with which he cuts the leather. (TA.) [In the TA, in art. ذرب, it is expl. as meaning A shoemaker's إِشْفَى with which he sews: but this I have not found elsewhere.]
Also An iron (Ḳ, TA) like the new moon [in shape], (TA,) that is put at the end of a spear, for the purpose of catching wild oxen. (Ḳ,* TA.)
And The [implement called] مِطْرَقَة [q. v.]. (Ḳ.)
Applied to a man, (Ḳ, TA,) † A great, or vehement, eater; likened to the [shoemaker's] knife: (TA:) or strong: and also weak; (Ḳ, TA;) low, mean, or contemptible: (TA: [like زُمَّلٌ:]) thus having two contr. significations. (Ḳ.)
أُزْمُولَةٌ (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ) and (Ṣ, Ḳ) some say (Ṣ) إِزْمَوْلَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) the latter accord. to Aṣ and Sb and Ez-Zubeydee, (TA,) andإِزْمَوْلٌ↓, (Ṣ, TA,) which is said by IJ to be quasi-coordinate to جِرْدَحْلٌ, because the و in it is not a letter of prolongation, for the letter before it is with fet-ḥ, (TA,) applied to a mountain-goat and to one of other animals, Vociferous: (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or the first, [or, app, any of the three,] applied to a mountain-goat, such as, when he runs, leans, or bears, on one side: so accord. to AHeyth: Fr explains the first or second as applied to a horse, meaning that runs swiftly: and in like manner to a mountain-goat. (TA.)
مُزَمَّلَةٌ A certain thing in which water is cooled: of the dial. of El-'Irák: (Ḳ:) applied by the people of Baghdád to a green [jar such as is called] جَرَّة or خَابِيَة, in the middle whereof is a perforation, in which is fixed a tube of silver or lead, whence one drinks; so called because it is wrapped (تُزَمَّلُ i. e. تُلَفُّ) with a piece of cloth of coarse flax, or some other thing, between which and the jar is straw: it is in their houses in the days of summer: the water is cooled in the night by means of the [porous earthen bottles called] بَرَّادَات; then it is poured into this مزمّلة, and remains in it cool. (Ḥar p. 548.)
مَزْمُولٌ: see زَمِيلٌ.
مُزَّمِّلٌ, originally مُتَزَمِّلٌ, A man wrapped with [or in] his garments: occurring in the Ḳur lxxiii. 1. (TA.)