حجب حجر حجز
1. ⇒ حجر
حَجَرَ, aor. ـُ
2. ⇒ حجّر
حجّرهُ: see 5.
حجّر حَوْلَ أَرْضِهِ [He made a bound, or an enclosure, around his land]. (A. [Perhaps from what next follows; or the reverse may be the case.])
حجّر عَيْنَ الَعِيرِ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. تَحْجِيرٌ, (Ṣ, L,) He burned a mark round the eye of the camel with a circular cauterizing instrument: (Ṣ, L, Mṣb:) and حجّر عَيْنَ الدَّابَّةِ, and حَوْلَهَا, [i. e. حَوْلَ عَيْنِهَا, like as is said in the A,] he burned a mark round the eye of the beast. (L.)
حَجَّرَ البَعِيرُ The camel had a mark burned round each of his eyes with a circular cauterizing instrument. (Ḳ. [Perhaps this may be a mistake for حُجِّرَ البَعِيرُ: or for حَجَّرَ البَعِيرَ, meaning he burned a mark round each of the eyes of the camel, &c.: but see what follows.])
حجّر القَمَرُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) The moon became surrounded by a thin line, which did not become thick: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and (Ṣ [in the Ḳ “or”]) became surrounded by a halo in the clouds. (Ṣ Ḳ,)
5. ⇒ تحجّر
تحجّر عَلَيْهِ He straitened him, (Ḳ, TA,) and made [a thing] unlawful to him, or not allowable. (TA.) And تحجّر مَا وَسَّعَهُ ٱللّٰهُ He made strait to himself what God made ample. (A.) And تَحَجَّرْتَ عَلَىَّ مَا وَسَّعَهُ ٱللّٰهُ Thou hast made strait and unlawful to me what God has made ample. (Mgh.) And تحّجر وَاسِعًا He made strait what was ample: (Mṣb:) or he made strait what God made ample, and made it to be peculiar to himself, exclusively of others; as alsoحَجَرَهُ↓ andحجّرهُ↓. (TA.)
[Hence, perhaps,] تحجّر لِلْبُرْءِ It (a wound) closed up, and consolidated, to heal. (TA from a trad.)
8. ⇒ احتجر
احتجر, (TA,) or احتجرحَجْرَةً, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) andاستحجر↓ andتحجّر↓, (Ḳ,) He made for himself a حُجْرَة [i. e. an enclosure for camels] (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
And hence, (Mṣb,) احتجر الأَرْضَ, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andحَجَرَهَا↓, (TA,) He placed a land-mark to the land, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) to confine it, (Mgh, Mṣb,) and to prevent others from encroaching upon it. (Mgh, TA.)
احتجر بِهِ He sought protection by him, (A,* Ḳ,) as, for instance, by God, مِنَ اشَّيْطَانِ from the devil. (A.)
احتجر اللَّوْحَ He put the tablet in his حِجْر [or bosom]. (Ḳ.)
10. ⇒ استحجر
استحجر: see 8.
Also It (clay) became stone: (TA:) or became hard; as when it is made into baked bricks: (Mgh:) or became hard like stone: (A, Mṣb;) as alsoتحجّر↓. (A.)
† He became emboldened or encouraged, or he emboldened or encouraged himself, (Ḳ TA,) عَلَيْهِ against him. (TA.)
Q. Q. 1. ⇒ حَنْجَرَهُ
حَنْجَرَهُ He slaughtered him by cutting his throat [in the part called the حنْجَرَة]. (Ḳ in art. حنجر.)
حَجْرٌ: see حِجْرٌ, in three places.
Also, andحِجْرٌ↓, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ TA,) [the latter of which I have found to be the more common in the present day,] andحُجْرٌ↓, (Ḳ, [but this I have not found in any other lexicon, and the TA, by implication, disallows it,]) The حِضْن; (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) [i. e. the bosom; or breast; agreeably with explanations of حِضْن in the Ḳ: or] the part beneath the armpit, extending to the flank; (Mgh, Mṣb;) [agreeably with other explanations of حِضْن;] of a man or woman: (Ṣ A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. حُجُورٌ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) Hence the saying, (Mgh,) فُلَانٌ فِى حَجْرِ فُلَانٍ † Such a one is in the protection of such a one; (AZ, T, Mgh, Mṣb;) as alsoفى حَجْرَتِهِ↓. (TA.) Andنَشَأَ فِى حِجْرِهِ↓ and حَجْرِهِ † He grew up in his care and protection. (Ḳ.)
Also حِجْرٌ↓ (T, Ḳ) and حَجْرٌ (T, TA) [The bosom as meaning] the fore part of the garment; or the part, thereof, between one's arms. (T, Ḳ.)
and مَحْجِرُ العَيْنِ.
Also An extended gibbous tract of sand. (Ḳ.)
حُجْرٌ: see حِجْرٌ, in three places:
حِجْرٌ (Ṣ A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andحُجْرٌ↓ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andحَجْرٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of which the first is the most chaste, (Ṣ,) andمَحْجَرٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andحَاجُورٌ↓ (Ḳ) [andمَحْجُورٌ↓], Forbidden, prohibited, unlawful, inviolable, or sacred. (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.) Each of the first three forms occurs in different readings of the Ḳur vi. 139. (Ṣ.) You say, هٰذَا حِجْرٌ عَلَيْكَ This is forbidden, or unlawful, to thee. (A.) In the time of paganism, a man meeting another whom he feared, in a sacred month, used to say, حِجْرًا مَحْجُورًا↓, meaning It is rigorously forbidden to thee [to commit an act of hostility against me] in this month: and the latter, thereupon, would abstain from any aggression against him: and so, on the day of resurrection, the polytheists, when they see the punishment, will say to the angels, thinking that it will profit them: (Lth, Ṣ:*) but Az says that I’Ab and his companions explain these words [occurring in the Ḳur xxv. 24] otherwise, i. e., as said by the angels, and meaning, the joyful annunciation is forbidden to be made to you: and accord. to El-Ḥasan, the former word will be said by the sinners, and the latter is said by God, meaning it will be forbidden to them to be granted refuge or protection as they used to be in their former life in the world: but Az adds, it is more proper to regard the two words as composing one saying: (TA:) and the latter word is a corroborative of the former, like مَائِتٌ in the expression مَوْتٌ مَائِتٌ. (Bḍ.) The same words in the Ḳur xxv. 55 signify A strong mutual repugnance, or incongruity; as though each said what one says who seeks refuge or protection from another: or, as some say, a defined limit. (Bḍ.) A man says to another, “Dost thou so and so, O such a one?” and the latter replies حِجْرًا, orحُجْرًا↓, orحَجْرًا↓, meaning [I pray for] preservation, and acquitment, from this thing; a meaning reducible to that of prohibition, and of a thing that is prohibited. (Sb.) The Arabs say, on the occasion of a thing that they disapprove, حُجْرًا↓ لَهُ, with damm, meaning, May it be averted. (Ṣ.)
Homeyd Ibn-Thowr says,
*فَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَغْشَى إِلَيْهَا مَحْجَرًا↓ **وَلَمِثْلُهَا يُغْشَى إِلَيْهِ المَحْجَرُ↓ *
meaning, And I purposed doing to her a forbidden action: and verily the like of her is one to whom that which is forbidden is done. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) مَحْجَرٌ↓ is also explained as signifying حُرْمَةٌ; [app. meaning a thing from which one is bound to refrain, from a motive of respect or reverence;] and to have this meaning in the verse above. (Az.)
Also, the first of these words, Any حَائِط [i. e. garden, or walled garden of palm-trees,] which one prohibits [to the public]. (Ṣ.)
And الحِجْرُ That [space] which is comprised by [the curved wall called] the حَطِيم, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ,) which encompasses the Kaabeh on the north [or rather north-west] side; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) on the side of the spout: (Mgh:) or the حطيم [itself], which encompasses the Kaabeh on the side of the spout. (Mṣb.) [It is applied to both of these in the present day; but more commonly to the former.]
Also, حِجْرٌ, The anterior pudendum of a man and of a woman; and soحَجْرٌ↓: (Ḳ, TA:) the latter the more chaste. (TA.)
A mare; the female of the horse: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and a mare kept for breeding; (A;) as though her womb were forbidden to all but generous horses: (T:) but in the latter sense the sing. is scarcely ever used; though its pl., the first of the following forms, (as well as the second, A,) is used to signify mares kept for breeding: (Ḳ:) حِجْرَةٌ↓, as a sing., is said by F and others to be a barbarism: it occurs in a trad.; but perhaps the ة is there added to assimilate it to بَغْلَةٌ, with which it is there coupled: (MF:) thepl. [of pauc.] is أَحْجَارٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and [of mult.] حُجُورٌ (A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and حُجُورَةٌ. (Ḳ.) A poet says,
* إِذَا خَرِسَ الفَحْلُ وَسْطَ الحُجُورِ ** وَصَاحَ الكِلَابُ وَعَقَّ الوَلَدْ *
When the stallion, seeing the army and the gleaming swords, is mute in the midst of the mares kept for breeding, and does not look towards them, and the dogs bark at their masters, because of the change of their appearances, and children behave undutifully to their mothers whom fear diverts from attending to them. (A.)
Relationship [that prohibits marriage]; nearness with respect to kindred. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
Understanding, intelligence, intellect, mind, or reason: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) so in the Ḳur lxxxix. 4: (Ṣ, Bḍ:) thus called because it forbids that which it does not behoove one to do. (Bḍ.) One says, فِى ذٰلِكَ عِبْرَةٌ لِذِى حِجْرٍ In that is an admonition to him who possesses understanding,, &c. (A.)
See also حَجُرٌ, in three places.
حَجَرٌ [A stone; explained in the Ḳ by صَخْرَةٌ; but this means “a rock,” or “a great mass of stone” or “of hard stone”]; (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.;) so called because it resists, by reason of its hardness; (Mgh;) andأُحْجُرٌّ↓ signifies the same: (Fr, Ḳ:) pl. (of pauc., of the former, Ṣ) أَحْجَارٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) and أَحْجُرٌ (Ḳ) and (of mult, Ṣ) حِجَارٌ and [more commonly] حِجَارَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) which last is extr. [with respect to rule], (Ṣ,) or agreeable with a usage of the Arabs, which is, to add ة to any pl. of the measure فِعَالٌ or of that of فُعُولٌ, as in the instances of ذِكَارَةٌ and فِحَالَةٌ and ذُكُورَةٌ and فُحُولَةٌ. (AHeyth.) And (metonymically, TA) ‡ Sand: (IAạr, Ḳ;) pl. أَحْجَارٌ. (TA.)
[Hence,] أَهْلُ الحَجَرِ The people of the desert, who dwell in stony and sandy places: occurring in a trad., coupled with أَهْلُ المَدَرِ. (TA.)
الحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ, and simply الحَجَرُ, The [Black] Stone of the Kaabeh. (Ḳ, TA.) El-Farezdaḳ applies to it, in one instance, the pl. الأَحْجَارُ, considering the sing. as applicable to every part of it. (TA.)
One says, فُلَانٌ حَجَرُ الأَرْضِ, meaning † Such a one is unequalled. (TA.) And رُمِىَ فُلَانٌ بِحَجَرِ الأَرْضِ ‡ Such a one has had a very sagacious and crafty and politic man made to be an assailant against him. (Ḳ,* TA.) El-Ahnaf Ibn-Keys said to ʼAlee, when Mo'á- wiyeh named ʼAmr Ibn-El-'Ás as one of the two umpires, قَدْ رُمِيتَ بِحَجَرِ الأَرْضِ فَٱجْعَلْ مَعَهُ ٱبْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَعْقِدُ عُقْدَةً إِلَّا حَلَّهَا † Thou hast had a most exceedingly sagacious and crafty and politic man made to be an assailant against thee: so appoint thou with him Ibn-ʼAbbás; for he will not tie a knot but he shall untie it: meaning one that shall stand firm like a stone upon the ground. (L from a trad.) One says also, رُمىَ فُلَانٌ بِحَجَرِهِ, meaning ‡ Such a one was coupled [or opposed] with his like: (A:) [as though he had a stone suited to the purpose of knocking him down cast at him.]
لِلْعَاهِرِ الحَجَرُ, occurring in a trad., means † For the fornicator, or adulterer, disappointment, and prohibition: accord. to some, it is meant to allude to stoning; [and it may have had this meaning in the first instance in which it was used;] but [in general] this is not the case; for every fornicator is not to be stoned. (IAth, TA.) [See also art. عهر.]
الحَجَرُ Gold: and silver. (Ḳ.) Both together are called الحَجَرَانِ. (Ṣ.)
حَجِرٌ [Stony; abounding with stones]. You say أَرْضٌ حَجِرَةٌ [so in several copies of the Ḳ; in the CK حَجْرَةٌ;] Land abounding with stones; as alsoحَجِيرَةٌ↓ andمُتَحَجِّرَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
حُجُرٌ The flesh surrounding the nail. (Ḳ.)
حَجْرَةٌ A severe year, that confines men to their tents, or houses, so that they slaughter their generous camels to eat them. (L in art. نبت, on a verse of Zuheyr.)
A side; an adjacent tract or quarter; (ISd, Ḳ;) as alsoحَجْرَةٌ↓: (EM p. 281:) pl. of the former حَجْرٌ↓, [or rather this is a coll. gen. n., of which the former is the n. un.,] and حَجَرَاتٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andحَوَاجِرُ↓: (Ḳ:) the last is mentioned by ISd as being thought by him to be a pl. of حَجْرَةٌ in the sense above explained, contr. to analogy. (TA.) Hence, حَجْرَةٌ قَوْمٍ The tract or quarter adjacent to the abode of a people. (Ṣ.) And حَجْرَتَا الطَّرِيقِ The two sides of the road. (TA.) And حَجْرَتَا عَسْكَرٍ The two sides of an army; (A, TA;) its right and left wings. (TA.) And قَعَدَ حَجْرَةً He sat aside. (A.) And سَارَ حَجْرَةً He journeyed aside, by himself. (TA.) Andمَحْجَرًا↓ is also said to signify the same, in the following ex.: تَرْعَى مَحْجَرًا وَتَبْرُكُ وَسَطًا She (the camel) pastures aside, and lies down in the middle. (TA.) It is said in a prov., يَرْبِضُ حَجْرَةً وَيَرْتَعِى وَسَطًا He lies down aside, and pastures in the middle: (Ṣ:) or فُلَانٌ يَرْعَى وَسَطًا وَيَرْبِضُ حَجْرَةً Such a one pastures in the middle, and lies down aside: (TA:) applied to a man who is in the midst of a people when they are in prosperity, and when they become in an evil state leaves them, and lies down apart: the prov. is ascribed to Gheylán Ibn-Mudar. (IB.) Imra-el--Keys says, [addressing Khálid, in whose neighbourhood he had alighted and sojourned, and who had demanded of him some horses and riding-camels to pursue and overtake a party that had carried off some camels belonging to him (Imra-el-Ḳeys), on Khálid's having gone away, and returned without anything,]
* فَدَعْ عَنْكَ نَهْبًا صِيحَ حَجَرَاتِهِ ** وَلٰكِنْ حَدِيثًا مَا حَديثُ الرَّوَاحِلِ *
[Then let thou alone spoil by the sides of which a shouting was raised: but relate to me a story. What is the story of the riding-camels?]: hence the prove., الحُكْمُ لِلّهِ
* وَدَعْ عَنْكَ نَهْبًا صِيحَ فِى حَجَرَاتِهِ *
[Dominion belongeth to God: then let thou alone, &c.]; said with reference to him who has lost part of his property and after that lost what is of greater value. (TA.) [And hence the saying,] قَدِ ٱنْتَشَرَتْ حَجْرَتُهُ † His property has become large, or ample. (Ṣ.)
حُجْرَةٌ An enclosure (حَظِيرَةٌ) for camels. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
[And hence,] The حُجْرَة of a house; (Ṣ;) [i. e.] a chamber [in an absolute sense, and so in the present day]; syn. بَيْتٌ: (Mṣb:) or an upper chamber; syn. غُرْفَةٌ: (Ḳ:) pl. حُجَرٌ and حُجُرَاتٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and حُجَرَاتٌ and حُجْرَاتٌ. (Z, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
حِجْرَةٌ: see حِجْرٌ.
حُجْرِىٌّ and حِجْرِىٌّ A right, or due; a thing, or quality, to be regarded as sacred, or inviolable; (Ḳ;) a peculiar attribute. (TA.)
أَرْضٌ حَجِيرَةٌ: see حَجِرٌ.
حَاجِرٌ The part of the brink (شَفَة) of a valley that retains the water, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and surrounds it; (ISd;) as alsoحَاجُورٌ↓: pl. of the former حُجْرَانٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) High land or ground, the middle of which is low, or depressed; (Ḳ;) as alsoمَحْجِرٌ↓: (TA:) andمَحَاجِرُ↓ [pl. of the latter] low places in the ground, retaining water. (A.) A fertile piece of land, abounding with herbage, low, or depressed, and having elevated borders, upon which the water is retained. (AḤn.) A place where water flows, or where herbs grow, surrounded by high ground, or by an elevated river. (T, TA.) A place where trees of the kind called رِمْث grow; where they are collected together; and a place which they surround: (M, Ḳ:) pl. as above. (Ḳ.)
A wall that retains water between houses: so called because encompassing. (TA.)
حَاجُورٌ: see حِجْرٌ:
Also A refuge; a means of protection or defence: analogous with عَاثُورٌ, which signifies “a place of perdition:” whence,
* وَقَالَ قَائِلُهُمْ إِنَّى بِحَاجُورِ *
And their sayer said, Verily I lay hold on that which will protect me from thee and repel thee from me; مُتَمَسِّكٌ being understood. (TA.)
حَوَاجِرُ: see حَجْرَةٌ.
حَنْجَرَةٌ andحُنْجُورٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) each with an augmentative ن, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) [The head of the windpipe; consisting of a part, or the whole, of the larynx: but variously explained; as follows:] the windpipe; syn. حُلْقُومٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the former [has this meaning, i. e.], the passage of the breath: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or the extremity of the حلقوم, at the entrance of the passage of the food and drink: (Bḍ in xxxiii. 10:) or [the head of the larynx, composed of the two arytenoides;] two of the successively-superimposed cartilages of the حلقوم (طَبَقَانِ مِنْ أَطْبَاقِ الحُلْقُومِ), next the غَلْصَمَة [or epiglottis], where it is pointed: or the inside, or cavity, of the حلقوم: and soحُنْجُورٌ↓: (TA in art. حنجر:) or↓ the latter is syn. with حَلْقٌ [q. v.]: (Mṣb:) pl. حَنَاجِرُ. (Ḳ.)
حُنْجُورٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.
Also A small سَفَط [or receptacle for perfumes and the like]. (Ḳ.)
And A glass flask or bottle (قَارُورَة), (Ḳ, TA,) of a small size, (TA,) for ذَرِيرةَ [q. v.]. (Ḳ, TA.)
أُحْجُرٌّ: see حَجَرٌ.
مَحْجِرٌ: see حِجْرٌ, in four places.
Also, (Ṣ,) orمَحْجِرٌ↓ andمِحْجَرٌ↓, (Ḳ,) The tract surrounding a town or village: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [pl. مَحَاجِرُ.] Hence the مَحَاجِر of the kings (أَقْيَال) of El-Yemen, which were Places of pasturage, whereof each of them had one, in which no other person pastured his beasts: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) the محجر of a قَيْل of El-Yemen was his tract of land into which no other person than himself entered. (T.)
مَحْجِرٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andمِحْجَرٌ↓ (Ḳ) A garden surrounded by a wall; or a garden of trees; syn. حَدِيقَةٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or a low, or depressed, place of pasture: (T, TA:) or a place in which is much pasture, with water: (A,* TA:) pl. مَحَاجِرُ. (Ṣ, A.) See also حَاجِرٌ for the former word and its pl.: and see مَحْجَرٌ.
مَحْجِرُ العَيْنِ (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.) andمَحْجَرُهَا↓ (TA) andمِحْحَرُها↓ (Ḳ) and simply المحجر (Mṣb, TA) andالحَجْرُ↓ (Ḳ) andالحُجْرُ↓, which occurs in a verse of El-Akhtal, (IAạr,) [The part which is next below, or around, the eye, and which appears when the rest of the face is veiled by the نِقَاب or the بُرْقُع:] that part [of the face, next below the eye,] which appears from out of the [kind of veil called] نِقَاب (T, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) of a woman (A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and of a man, from the lower eyelid; and sometimes from the upper: (Mṣb:) or the part that surrounds the eye (Mṣb, Ḳ) on all sides, (Mṣb,) and appears from out of the [kind of veil called] بُرْقُع: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the part of the bone beneath the eyelid, which encompasses the eye: (TA:) and محجر العين means also what appears from beneath the turban of a man when he has put it on: (Ḳ: [accord. to the TA, the turban itself; but this is a meaning evidently derived from a mistranscription in a copy of the Ḳ, namely, عِمَامَتُهُ for عِمَامَتِهِ:]) also محجرُالوَجْهِ that part of the face against which the نقاب lies: and المحجر the eye [itself]: (T, TA:) the pl. of محجر is مَحَاجِرُ. (A, Mṣb.)
مِحْجَرٌ: see مَحْجَرٌ:
and see also مَحْجِرٌ, in two places.
مَحْجُورٌ عَلَيْهِ, for which the doctors of practical law say مَحْجُورٌ only, omitting the preposition and the pronoun governed by it, on account of the frequent usage of the term, A person prohibited [by a ḳádee] from using, or disposing of, his property according to his own free will: (Mṣb:) or prohibited from consuming, or wasting, or ruining, his property. (Mgh.)
See also حِجْرٌ, in two places.
أَرْضٌ مُتَحَجِّرَةٌ: see حَجِرٌ.