حجأ حجب حجر
حَجَبَهُ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. حَجْبٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb,) He, or it, prevented, hindered, debarred, or precluded, him, or it: (Mgh, Mṣb:) he, or it, precluded him, or it; i. e. prevented him, or it, from entering. (Ṣ, A.) [Hence,] الإِخْوَةُ يَحْجُبُونَ الأُمَّ عِنِ الثُّلُثِ [Brothers of a person deceased preclude the mother from receiving the third of the inheritance]. (Ṣ, A.)
Also, (A, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. حَجْبٌ and حَجَابٌ, (Ḳ,) He, or it, veiled, concealed, hid, covered, or protected, him, or it; (A, Ḳ;) as alsoحجّبهُ↓. (Ḳ.)
[And It intervened between two things. Thus the diaphragm is described as] جِلْدَةٌ تَحْجُبُ بَيْنَ الفُؤَادِ وَالبَطْنِ [A piece of skin that intervenes between the heart and the belly]. (A.)
[And He held the office of حَاجِب, i. e. door-keeper, or chamberlain. You say,] فُلَانٌ يَحْجُبُ لِلْأَمِيرِ Such a one holds the office of حاجب to the prince, governor, or commander. (A, TA.)
احتجب [He, or it, became prevented, hindered, debarred, or precluded: he became secluded; or he secluded himself:] he, or it, became veiled, concealed, hidden, covered, or protected; as alsoتحجّب↓. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, احتجب المَلِكُ عِنِ النَّاسِ [The King secluded, or concealed, himself, or became secluded or concealed, from the people]. (Ṣ, A.) And احتجبت الشَّمْسُ فِى السَّحَابِ ‡ [The sun became concealed, or concealed itself, in the clouds]. (A, TA.)
[Hence, app.,] احتجبت المَرْأَةُ بِيَومٍ, (Ḳ,) or بِيَوْمٍ مِنْ تَاسِعِهَا, and مِنْ يَوْمٍ مِنْ تَاسِعِهَا, (TA,) [as though meaning The woman secluded herself from the commencement of a day of her ninth month of pregnancy:] said of a pregnant woman, (TA,) when a day has passed of her ninth [month, during which it was probably a custom for a woman to seclude herself in the house or tent]. (Ḳ, TA.)
استحجِبهُ He appointed him to the office of حَاجِب [i. e. door-keeper, or chamberlain]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
حَجَبٌ: see حَجَبَةٌ.
Also [The windpipe;] the passage of the breath. (Ḳ.)
حَجِبٌ A hill; syn. أَكَمَةٌ: (Ḳ:) or a lofty أَكَمَة. (TA.)
حِجْبَةٌ: see حِجَابَةٌ.
حَجَبَةٌ The head [or crest] of the kip or haunch (Ṣ, A) [of a man, (see حَرْقَفَةٌ,) and] of a horse; (A;) i. e. each of the حَجَبَتَانِ, which project above, or beyond, the خَاصِرَتَانِ [or two flanks]: (Ṣ:) or the dual signifies the two edges of the hip or haunch, that project above, or beyond, the خَاصِرَة [or flank]: (Ḳ:) or the two bones above the pubes, that project above, or beyond, the soft parts of the belly, on the right and left: (Zj in his “Khalk el-Insán, “* and Ḳ:) or the heads of the two hipbones or haunch-bones, next the حَرْقَفَتَانِ [q. v.]; pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] حَجَبٌ↓, and pl. of pauc. حَجَبَاتٌ: (TA:) and in a horse, the parts of the two hips, or haunches, that project above, or beyond, the [skin called] صِفَاق, of the belly. (Ḳ.)
حِجَابٌ [A thing that prevents, hinders, debars,or precludes:] a thing that veils, conceals, hides, covers, or protects; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ TA;) because it prevents seeing, or beholding: (Mṣb:) a thing, (A, Ḳ,) or body. (Mṣb,) that intervenes (A, Mṣb, Ḳ) between two things, (A, Ḳ,) or between two bodies; which is [said to be] the primary signification; (Mṣb;) [a partition, a bar, a barrier, or an obstacle:] and sometimes applied to ideal things: (Mṣb:) pl. جُجُبٌ. (A, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, ضُرِبَ الحِجَابُ عَلَى النِّسَآءِ [The veil, or curtain, was put, or let down, over the women]. (A, TA.) And لَهُ دَعَوَاتٌ تَخْرِقُ الحُجُبَ [He has prayers that rend the veils]. (A, TA.) And مَا لِدَعْوَةِ المَظْلُومِ حِجَابٌ [There is no veil, or obstacle, to the prayer of the wronged]. (A, TA.) It is said in a trad., مَنِ ٱطَّلَعَ الحِجَابِ وَاقَعَ مَا وَرَآءَهُ [He who gets sight and knowledge of the veil falls into that which is behind it]: i. e., when a man dies, he falls into what is behind [one of] the two veils, that of Paradise and that of Hell: (ISh, TA:) or, accord. to some, اِطَلَاعُ الحِجَابِ signifies the stretching out the head [and looking over the veil]; for he who examines into a thing stretches out his head to see what is behind the veil, or covering. (TA.) And in another trad., a saying of Moḥammad, (TA,) إِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ يَغْفِرُ لِلْعَبْدِ مَا لَمْ يَقَعِ الحِجَابُ [Verily God forgiveth the servant (his creature) as long as the precluding event shall not have happened]: الحجاب here meaning the dying in the belief in a plurality of gods: (Ḳ,* TA:) as though one were precluded from true belief by death. (TA.) One says also, العَجْزُ حَجَابٌ بَيْنَ الإِنْسَانِ وَمُرَادِهِ [Inability is a bar between man and his desire]. (Mṣb.) And المَعْصِيَةُ حِجَابٌ بَيْنَ العَبْدِ وَبَيْنَ رَبِّهِ [Disobedience is a bar between the servant and his Lord]. (Mṣb.)
[Hence, in the present day, † A written charm or amulet; generally worn in a case (called بَيْتُ حِجَابٍ) suspended, on the right side, by a string passing over the left shoulder, or on some other part of the person: pl. of mult. حُجُبٌ, and of pauc. أَحْجِبَةٌ and حِجَابَاتٌ.]
[Hence also,] A thin piece of flesh, (Ḳ,) resembling a piece of shin, (TA,) in the interior of the body, between the two sides, intervening between the lungs and the قصب [in the Ḳ القَصَب, but this is evidently a mistranscription for القُصْب the lower intestines; for the حجاب is the diaphragm, or midriff]: (Ḳ, TA:) and حِجَابُ القَلْبِ, (A,) or حَجَابُ الجَوْفِ, (Ṣ,) signifies [the same; as also حَجَابُ الكَبِدِ; (see خِلْبٌ;)] what intervenes between the heart and the rest of the جوف; (Ṣ;) the piece of skin that intervenes between the heart and the belly: (A, TA:) or حِجَابُ القَلْبِ signifies a certain fat that clothes the heart: (AHeyth, TA in art. شغف:) [or it signifies, or signifies also, the septum cordis: see قَلْبٌ:] pl. حُجُبٌ (A, TA.) Hence the saying, هَتَكَ الخَوْفُ حِجَابَ قَلْبِهِ ‡ [Fear rent open his midriff: or his septum cordis]. (A, TA.)
† The horizon: [because it terminates the view:] so in the phrase, تَوَارَتْ بِٱلْحِجَابِ † It (the sun) became concealed by the horizon; occurring in the Ḳur [xxxviii. 31], and in a trad. (TA.)
‡ A mountain: (A:) or an elevated part of a mountain. (Ḳ.) You say, قَعَدَ فِى ظِلِّ الحِجَابِ ‡ He sat in the shade of the mountain. (A.)
† The place where a [stony tract such as is called] حَرَّة ends. (Ḳ.)
† A tract of sand uniformly continuous, and long. (Ḳ.)
† The light of the sun: or the tract, or side, of the sun: (Ḳ, TA:) or [like حَاجِبٌ] a side, or part, of the sun. (TA.)
حَجَابَةٌ, (Ḳ,) orحِجْبَةٌ↓, (Ṣ,) The office of doorkeeper [or chamberlain]. (Ṣ,* Ḳ.)
And the former, The office of door-keeper and guardian of the Kaabeh. (TA.)
حَاجِبٌ, an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates, (TA,) A door-keeper; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) so called because he prevents persons from entering: (Mṣb:) [a chamberlain:] pl. حُجَّابٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and حَجَبَةٌ. (Mṣb, Ḳ.) And حَجَبَةُ البَيْتِ [The door-keepers and guardians of the Kaabeh: see حِجَابَةٌ]. (TA.)
Each of the two bones over the eyes, with the hair and flesh upon them: (IF, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the eyebrow; the hair growing on either of those bones: (AZ, Ḳ:) so called because it precludes the rays of the sun from the eye: (TA:) of the masc. gender: (Lḥ TA:) pl. حَوَاجِبُ. (Ṣ Mṣb, Ḳ.) One says, إِنَّهُ لَمُزَجَّجُ الحَاجِبِ [Verily he has the eyebrow made narrow and long, by the removal of redundant hairs; or made narrow and long and arched; or lengthened with antimony]. (Lḥ, TA.)
[Hence, as being likened thereto,] † The piece of wood that is over the lintel of a door-frame. (Az, TA.) [See عَتَبَةٌ.]
‡ The edge, (A,) or side, (Ḳ,) or upper limb of the disk, that appears when it begins to rise, (T, TA,) or the first part that appears, (Mgh,) of the sun, (T, A, Mgh, Ḳ,) and of the moon: (T, TA:) likened to the حاجب (A, Mgh) of the face (Mgh) of a man: (A:) and حَوَاجبُ الشَّمْس the sides of the sun. (Ṣ.) You say, بَدَا حَاجِبُ الشَّمْس, (T, A, TA,) and القَمَرِ, (T, TA,) ‡ The upper limb of the disk, (T, TA,) or the edge, (A,) of the sun appeared, (T, A, TA,) and of the moon. (T, TA.)
† The edge or anything. (Ḳ.) A woman said to a man who was eating of the middle of a round cake of bread, كُلْ مِنْ حَوَاجِبِهَا ‡ Eat of its edges, (Aṣ, TA,) or its sides. (A.)
† [The beginning of the dawn.] You say, لَاحَتْ حَوَاجِبُ الصُّبْحِ ‡ The beginnings of the dawn appeared. (A, TA.)
مُحَجَّبٌ: see what next follows.
مَحْجُوبٌ [pass. part. n. of 1]. You say مَلِكٌ مَحْجُوبٌ (A) andمُحَجَّبٌ↓ (Ṣ) andمُحْتَجبٌ↓ (A) andمُحُوْجَبٌ↓ (TA) [A king secluded, or concealed, from the people]. And اِمْرَأَةٌ مَحْجُوبَةٌ A woman veiled, or concealed by a curtain or the like. (TA.) And هُوَ مَحْجُوبٌ عِنِ الخَيْرِ [He is debarred from good.] (A, TA.)
† Blind; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and soمُحَوْجَبٌ↓. (TA.)
مُحْتَجِبٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مُحَوْجَبٌ: see مَحْجُوبٌ, in two places.