جلى جم جمح
جَمَّ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. جَمٌّ, (Mṣb,) said of water, (Ṣ,) &c., (Ṣ, Mṣb,) It became much, or abundant; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as alsoاستجم↓; said of a thing: (TA:) and, said of water, aor. ـُ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and ـِ, (Ḳ,) the former of which is of the higher authority, (TA,) inf. n. جُمُومٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) it became much, or abundant, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) in the well, (Ṣ,) and collected (Ṣ, Ḳ) after it had been drawn from; (Ṣ;) as alsoاستجمّ↓. (Ḳ.) And جَمُّوا They became many. (TA.)
جَمَّتِ البِئْرُ, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ and ـِ, inf. n. جُمُومٌ, (TA,) The water of the well returned by degrees, (Ḳ, TA,) and became much, or abundant, and collected; (TA;) andاستجمّت↓ signifies the same. (Ṣ.)
[Hence, جَمَّتْ مَثَابَةٌ جَهْلِهِ, a tropical phrase, explained in art. ثوب.]
جَمَّ الكَيْلُ, inf. n. جُمَامٌ, with damm, The measure became full or filled. (KL. [But only the inf. n. is there mentioned: so that the verb may be جُمَّ, which see below.])
جَمَّ الفَرَسُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ and ـِ, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. جَمَامٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and جَمٌّ; (Ṣ;) andاستجمّ↓; (Ṣ;) The horse abstained from covering, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) so that his seminal fluid (مَاؤُهُ) collected. (Ḳ.)
Also, (aor. of the former verb as above, TA, and inf. n. جَمٌّ and جَمَامٌ, Ṣ, Ḳ,) The fatigue of the horse went away; (Ṣ;) [he recovered his strength after fatigue;] he recovered from his fatigue, being left unridden; (Ḳ, TA;) and soأَجَمَّ↓ [of which see also the pass. form, below]. (M, Ḳ.)
[And hence,] جَمَّ, [inf. n. جَمَامٌ, q. v. infrà,] He rested; said of a man [as well as of a horse]; (TA;) and soاستجمّ↓. (Ḥar p. 324.)
Also, said of a bone, (Ḳ,) inf. n. جَمٌّ, (TA,) It had much flesh; its flesh became much, or abundant. (Ḳ.)
Also i. q. عَلَا [He, or it, became high, &c.: perhaps said of water in a well]. (T, TA.)
Also, inf. n. جُمُومٌ, He rose (اِرْتَفَعَ) in his pace, or going. (TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. جَمٌّ (TA) and جُمُومٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) said of an event, (Ḳ,) of the arrival of a person, (Ṣ,) It drew near; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) it came to pass: (Ṣ:) andاجمّ↓ signifies the same, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) said of an event, of separation from another, (Ṣ, TA,) and of an object of want: (TA:) احمّ, [q. v.,] with the unpointed ح, in this sense, was not known to Aṣ. (TA.)
And, said of the نَصِىّ, and the صِلِّيَان, [two plants, inf. n. not mentioned,] It attained to the state of having a جُمَّة [app. meaning tuft, or flower-bud]. (TA.)
جَمَّ الكَبْشِ, (TA,) or جَمِمَتِ الشَّاةُ, [perhaps a mistranscription for جَمَّت,] aor. ـَ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. جَمَمٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) The ram, (TA,) or sheep or goat, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) was hornless. (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA.)
جَمَّهُ, (Ḳ,) [aor. ـُ, accord. to rule,] inf. n. جَمٌّ, (TA,) He left it (namely, water [in a well],) to collect; as alsoاجمّهُ↓. (Ḳ.) And جُمَّتِ البِئْرُ [The well was left for its water to collect]. (TA.) Andاستجمّ↓ البِئْرَ He left the well for some days until its water should collect: whence the metaphorical phrase,كَانَ يَسْتَجِمُّ↓ مَثَابَةُ سَفَهِهِ, [explained in art. ثوب,] occurring in a trad. (Ḥar p. 68.)
Also He filled it (namely, a measure, Ṣ, such as is called مَكُّوك, Ḳ) so that it had what is termed جُمَامٌ; and soاجمّهُ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) andجمّمهُ↓. (Ḳ.) And جُمَّ It was filled. (T, TA.) See also جَمٌّ, last sentence.
جمّمت الأَرْضُ The جَمِيم [q. v.] of the land became full, or abundant. (ISh, TA.)
جمّم [in the CK جَمَمَ] It (herbage) became such as is termed جَمِيم; as alsoتجمّم↓. (Ḳ, TA.)
He made a جُمَّة [q. v.] of his hair. (Z, TA.)
See also 1, last sentence but two.
اجمّ, as an intrans. verb: see 1, in two places.
اجمّهُ: see 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places.
He left him unridden, so that he recovered from his fatigue; namely, a horse. (Ḳ.) And أُجِمَّ He (a horse) was left unridden. (Ṣ.)
[Hence, He rested him, or gave him rest.] You say, أَجْمِمْ نَفْسَكَ يَوْمًا أَوْ يَوْمَيْنِ [Rest thyself a day, or two days]. (Ṣ.) And hence, in a trad. respecting the سَفَرْجَلَة [or quince], تُجِمُّ الفُؤَادَ, i. e. It rests the heart, and consolidates it, and completes its soundness and liveliness. (TA.) One says also,إِنِّى لَأَسْتَجِمُّ↓ قَلْبِى بِشَّىْءٍ مِنَ اللَّهْوِ لِأَقْوَى بِهِ عَلَى الحَقِّ [Verily I relieve my heart with somewhat of diversion, in order that I may become strong thereby for that which is substantial, or solid, not vain or frivolous]. (Ṣ.) And اجمّ الأَرْضَ He gave the land rest from tilling. (TA in art. بخع.)
He gave him the جَمَّة [or supply of water, that had collected after drawing,] of the well. (Th. TA.)
أُجِمَّ العِنَبُ The grape-vine had all its branches that were above the ground cut off. (AḤn, TA.)
استجّم, as an intrans. verb: see 1, in five places.
It is said in a trad., مَنْ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَسْتَجِمَّ لَهُ النَّاسُ قِيَامًا فَلْيَتَبَوَّأْ مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ, i. e. [Whoso loveth that men] should collect themselves to him, standing in his presence, and confining themselves to him, [let him take his sitting-place in the fire of Hell:] or, accord. as some relate it, يستخمّ; see art. خم; (TA;) and, as some, يَسْتَخِيمَ. (TA in art. خيم, q. v.)
استجمّت الأَرْضُ The land put forth its plants, or herbage, (Ḳ, TA,) so that it became like the [hair termed] جمّة [i. e. جُمَّة]. (TA.)
As a trans. verb: see 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places:
اُسْتُجِمَّتْ جَمَّةُ المَآءِ [The supply of water that had collected after drawing] was drunk. (TA.)
R. Q. 1. (جمجم)
جَمْجَمَ, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. جَمْجَمَةٌ, (Ḳ,) He spoke indistinctly, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) not from impotence, or, accord. to the T, from impotence; (TA;) andتَجَمْجَمَ↓ signifies the same. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Also, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Mgh, Ḳ,) with which مَجْمَجَةٌ is syn., accord. to Ez-Zowzanee, (Mgh,) He concealed (Mgh, Ḳ, TA) speech, (Mgh,) or a thing, (Ḳ, TA,) in his bosom. (Mgh, Ḳ, TA.) You say, جمجم شَيْئًا فِى صَدْرِهِ He concealed a thing in his bosom; did not reveal it. (TA.)
Also, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Kr, Ḳ,) He destroyed, or killed, (Kr, Ḳ, TA,) another or others. (TA.)
R. Q. 2. (تجمجم)
تَجَمْجَمَ: see R. Q. 1.
Hence, تجمجم عَنِ الأَمْرِ ‡ [He held back from the thing, not daring to do it;] he did not dare to do the thing. (Ḥam p. 240.)
جَمٌّ, an inf. n. used as an epithet, (Mṣb,) Much, or many; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoجَمِيمٌ↓ accord. to the copies of the Ḳ, but correctly جَمَمَ↓, as in the L. (TA.) You say مَالٌ جَمٌّ (Mṣb, TA) andجَمَمَ↓ (TA) Muck property, or many cattle. (Mṣb.) And it is said in the Ḳur [lxxxix. 21], وَيُحِبُّونَ المَالَ حُبًّا جَمًّا (Ṣ) And they love property with much love. (AʼObeyd, TA.) Aboo-Khirásh El-Hudhalee says,
* إِنْ تَغْفِرِ ٱلّٰلهُمَ تَغْفِرْ جَمَّا *
(TA) i. c. [If thou forgive, O God, Thou forgivest] much sin. (Mgh.) جَمّٰ البُعَاقِ, in a trad. respecting prayer for rain, means Copious, abundant, extensive rain. (TA in art. بعق.)
The greater, or main, portion of the ظَهِيرَة [i. e. midday, or mid-day in summer, &c.]: and of water; as alsoجَمَّةٌ↓, (as in some copies of the Ḳ,) orجُمَّةٌ↓: (so in other copies of the Ḳ, and accord. to the TA: [the former app. the right: if it were the latter, the author of the Ḳ, accord. to a rule which he has seldom neglected, would have added بِالضَّمِّ; as SM has here done, unless his transcriber have thus written by mistake for بِالفَتْحِ:]) or جَمٌّ signifies the water, of a well, that has collected [after it has been drawn from]: andجَمَّةٌ↓, the place in which the water collects: (Ṣ:) and also, this last, the water itself: (TA: [i. e. the supply of water that has collected after drawing: see 4, last sentence but one; and see 4, last sentence:]) the pl. (of جَمَّةٌ Ṣ [or of this and of جَمٌّ also]) is جِمَامٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and جُمُومٌ. (Ḳ.)
بِئْرٌ جَمَّةٌ: see جَمُومٌ.
جَمٌّ also signifies People of the lowest, or basest, or meanest sort. (T, TA.)
Also The measuring to the head of the measure; [app. an inf. n., of which the verb is جَمَّ↓; see 1, last sentence but two;] and soجَمَامٌ↓ andجُمَامٌ↓ andجِمَامٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
جَمَّةٌ: see جَمٌّ, in two places.
Also The part, or place, of a ship, in which collects the water that leaks from its خُرُوز [or seams: in the CK خُرُور]: (Ḳ:) a genuine Arabic word. (TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) andجُمَّةٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ, and Ḥam p. 746,) A company demanding a bloodwit (Ṣ, Ḳ) or an obligation that must be discharged, (TA, and Ḥam ubi suprà,) or peace; or coming for some other purpose: (Ḥam:) pl. جمم [probably جُمَمٌ, pl. of the latter, or perhaps of both; or it may be جِمَمٌ, as pl. of both]. (TA.) You say, جَآءَ فِى جَمَّةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ andجُمَّةٍ↓ عظيمة He came in a great company &c. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
جُمَّةٌ: see جَمٌّ:
and see also جَمَّةٌ, in two places.
Also The collective mass of the hair of the head, or the head of hair, (مُجْتَمَعَ شَعْرِ الرَّأْسِ Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) when more in quantity than what is termed وَفْرَة: (Ṣ, Mgh:) or the collective mass of the hair (مُجْتَمَعُ الشَّعْرِ) when it hangs down from the head to the lobe of the ear, and to the two shoulder-joints, and more than that; what does not extend beyond the ears being termed وفرة: (TA:) or the collective mass (مُجْتَمَعَ) of the hair of the نَاصِيَة [or anterior part of the head]: accord. to some, what reaches to the two shoulder-joints: (Mṣb:) in the M it is said to signify the hair; and in like manner in the Deewán el-Adab: but ISd adds that it is also said to mean hair more in quantity than that which is termed لِمَّة: accord. to IAth, the hair of the head that falls upon the two shoulder-joints: in the Muhedhdhib, what extends beyond the ears: in the Mukaddameh of Z, what extends to the lobe of the ear: accord. to IDrd, much hair: (TA:) [see also لِمَّةٌ and وَفْرَةٌ:] pl. جُمَمٌ (Mṣb, TA) and جِمَامٌ: (TA:) dim. جُمَيْمَةٌ↓. (TA.) Hence, رَأَى لُمْعَةً فَغَسَلَهَا بِجُمَّتِهِ, meaning [He saw a spot, and washed it] by a moistening of his جمّة: or with the water of his جمّة: the prefixed noun being suppressed. (Mgh.)
Also [app. † A flower-bud;] the قبة [rendered by Golius “nodosior pars”] of a plant, from which the flower comes forth. (KL.) [See an ex. above, voce جَمَّ. If from جُمَّةٌ applied to hair, it would seem rather to mean A tuft.]
One says also, حَذَفَ جُمَّةُ الجَوْزَةِ ثُمَّ أَكَلَهَا ‡ [app. meaning He threw away the husk of the walnut: then ate it]. (TA.)
جَمَمٌ: see جَمٌّ, in two places:
جَمَامٌ A state of resting; (Fr, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoجَمَامَةٌ↓: (TA:) particularly of a horse. (Fr, Ṣ, Mṣb.) [See جَمَّ, of which it is an inf. n.]
جُمَامٌ What has collected of the seminal fluid of a horse [after his resting from covering]; as alsoجِمَامٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
Also, andجِمَامٌ↓ andجَمَامٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [but see what follows,] The quantity [of flour or the like] that rises above the head of the [measure termed] مَكُّوك, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) after the filling, (Mgh,) exceeding the طَفَاف thereof; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) as alsoجَمَمٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or the fill of a bowl, without a head: accord. to ISk, only said of flour and the like: one says, أَعْطَانِى جمامَ القَدَحِ دَقِيقًا [He gave me the bowlful of flour]: but جمام meaning the “resting” of a horse is with fet-ḥ only: (Mṣb:) or, accord. to Fr, one saysجِمَامٌ↓ القَدَحِ المَآءً, with kesr, meaning the bowlful of water; and جُمَامُ المَكُّوكِ دَقِيقًا, with damm; and جَمَامٌ الفَرَسِ, with fet-ḥ only; and one does not say جُمَامٌ, with damm, except in relation to flour and the like, meaning the quantity that rises above the head of the مكّوك, after the being filled: one says, أَعْطِنِى جُمَامَ المَكُّوكِ when one puts what the head of the مكّوك will bear, and gives it: (Ṣ, TA:) in the T, it is said that أَعْطِهِ جمامَ المَكُّوكِ means Give thou him [the quantity of] a مكّوك without a head: but [SM says,] I have seen in its margin written that the right meaning is, the quantity borne by the head of the مكّوك. (TA.)
See also جَمٌّ, last sentence.
جِمَامٌ: see جُمَامٌ, in three places:
and جَمٌّ, last sentence:
It is also a pl. of جَمَّةٌ (Ṣ) [and perhaps of جَمٌّ likewise: (see this latter:)] and of جُمَّةٌ. (TA.)
بِئْرٌ جَمُومٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andجَمَّةٌ↓ (Ḳ) A well of much water. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
فَرَسٌ جَمُومٌ A horse that, after any run, runs again; (T, Ṣ, Ḳ;) applied to the female as well as the male: (T, TA:) a horse that goes much. (KL.)
جَمِيمٌ A plant, or herbage, that has grown somewhat, but not attained its full height: (Ṣ:) or much, or abundant, herbage: (Ḳ:) or herbage standing up and spreading: (AḤn, Ḳ:) or that has grown up until it has become like the جُمَّة of hair: (TA:) a plant, or herbage, when it first appears in the ground is termed بَارِضٌ; then, جَمِيمٌ; then, بُسْرَةٌ; then, صَمْعَآءُ; and then, [when it is dry,] حَشِيشٌ: (Ṣ in art. بسر:) pl. أَجِمَّآءُ. (Ḳ.) And, with ة, A [plant of the kind termed] نَصِيَّة that has become half a month old, so that it fills the mouth. (Ḳ.)
جَمَامَةٌ: see جَمَامٌ.
Also The state of being satiated, or satisfied, with food, and with drink. (TA.)
جُمَيْمَةٌ dim. of جُمَّةٌ, q. v. (TA.)
جُمَّى The bean, or beans; syn. بَاقِلَّى. (AḤn, Ḳ.)
جُمِّى: see جُمَّانِىٌّ.
جَمَّامٌ: see what next follows.
جَمَّانٌ A measure, (Ṣ,) such as is called مَكُّوك, (Ḳ,) filled so as to have what is termed جُمَام; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoجَمَّامٌ↓: (Ḳ:) [fem. of the former جَمَّى. Hence,] جُمْجُمَةٌ جَمَّى [A] full [bowl]. (Ḳ. In the CK جَمْجَمَةٌ.)
جُمَّانِىٌّ, with ن, (Ṣ,) an irreg. rel. n., applied to a man, (Sb, Ṣ,) Having a long جُمَّة: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or having a great and long جُمَّة: (Sb, TA:) but if you name a person جُمَّة, the rel. n. formed from it is جُمِّىٌّ↓ (Sb, Ṣ) only. (Sb, TA.)
جُمْجُمٌ: see what next follows.
جُمْجُمَةٌ The skull; i. e. the bone that contains the brain: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:*) or i. q. قِحْفٌ [i. e. the bone above the brain, or a separate portion of the skull, or a distinct bone of the skull]: (Ḳ:) or the bones of the head; (IAạr, Mgh, TA;) all of them; the uppermost of them being the هَامَة; (IAạr, TA;) or the هامة is the جمجمة altogether; (ISh, TA;) and the قحف is said to be a piece of the جمجمة: (TA:) pl. جُمْجُمٌ↓, (Ḳ,) [or this (in the CK, erroneously, جَمْجَمٌ) is a coll. gen. n.,] and جَمَاجِمُ [is the pl. properly so called, and that which is more commonly known]. (TA.)
Sometimes it is used to signify A man; so that one says, خُذُوا مِنْ كُلِّ جُمْجُمَةٍ دِرْهَمًا [Take ye from every man, or head, a dirhem]; like as one says, مِنْ كُلِّ رَأْسٍ: (Mṣb:) and وَضَعَ الإِمَامُ الخَرَاجَ عَلَى الجَمَاجِمِ عَلَى كُلِّ جُمْجُمَةٍ كَذَا [The Imám imposed the tax, or land-tax, upon the heads; upon every head so much]. (Mgh.)
A wooden bowl: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) a bowl of glass; as also قِحْفٌ. (Az, TA.)
A kind of measure for corn or the like. (Ḳ.)
Also † Chiefs, or lords, of the Arabs; because the جمجمة is the head, which is the most noble of the members: (TA:) also, (TA,) [the pl.] جَمَاجِمُ has this meaning. (T, Ḳ, TA.) And † Any sons of a father that are persons of might, or power, and eminence, or nobility: (T, TA:) and [the pl.] جَمَاجِمُ the tribes (قَبَائِل) of the Arabs which comprise بُطُون, and in relation to which persons are called; as Kelb Ibn-Webreh; for when you say كَلْبِىٌّ, you do not need to call the person in relation to any of the بطون: (Ṣ:) or the tribes (قبائل) in relation to which the بطون are called; as alsoجِمَامٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
A well that is dug in salt ground. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Sixty head of camels. (IF, IB, TA.)
جَمَاجِمُ الحَارِثِ The piece of wood at the head of which is the ploughshare. (TA.)
أَجَمُّ [Greater, and greatest, in quantity, and in number, &c.: fem. جَمَّآءُ. Hence,] وَالوَحْىُ أَجَمُّ مَا كَانَ, in a trad. of Anas, means The revelation being the most that it used to be. (Sh, TA.)
A bone having much flesh. (Ḳ.) You say also اِمْرَأَةٌ جَمَّآءُ العِظَامِ A woman having much flesh (Ḳ, TA) on the bones. (TA.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ جَمَّآءُ المَرَافِقِ [A woman having much flesh on the elbows: or, as seems to be indicated by J, having no prominence of the elbows; and if so, from جَمَّآءُ applied to a ewe, in a sense explained in what follows]. (Ṣ.)
جَاؤُوا الجَمَّآءَ الغَفِيرَ, (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) [and جَمَّآءَ غَفِيرًا &c.,] andجَمًّا↓ غَفِيرًا, (Ḳ,) [andالجَمَّ↓ الغَفِيرَ, &c.,] They came all together, (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) high and low, none of them remaining behind, and they being many: (Ṣ, Ḳ, in art. غفر:) see art. غفر. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Hornless, applied to a ram (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) or he-goat; (Mṣb;) and so جَمَّآءُ applied to a ewe (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) or she-goat: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) pl. جُمٌّ. (Mgh, Mṣb.)
And [hence,] ‡ A man having no spear (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) in war or battle: (Ṣ, TA:) pl. as above. (TA.) The pl. is also applied to horses, (Ṣ,) meaning † whose owners have no spears; the spears being regarded as the horses' horns. (Ḥam, p. 90.)
Also † A building having no [acroterial ornaments such as are termed] شُرَف: (Ṣ:) and the pl., † Mosques having no شُرَف (Mgh, TA) upon them, (TA,) [i. e.] upon their walls. (Mgh.)
† A flat house-top having no parapet, or surrounding wall. (TA.)
† Short; having no elevation. (TA.)
† A woman's anterior pudendum. (Ḳ.)
And, as being likened thereto, or the reverse may be the case, (TA,) † A bowl. (Ḳ.)
Also, the fem., † Smooth. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
And hence, because of its smoothness, (IAạr, TA,) † A helmet: (IAạr, Ḳ:) to which the epithet غَفِيرٌ [q. v.] is applied because it covers the head: but this meaning of “a helmet” was not known to ISd on any other authority than that of IAạr. (TA.)
مَجَمٌّ A place where water remains: or to which it reaches, and where it ends. (TA.)
† The breast, or bosom, or mind: (Ḳ, TA:) because it is the place in which are collected the knowledge &c. that it retains. (TA.) You say, هُوَ وَاسِعُ المَجَمِّ, i. e. رَحْبُ الذِّرَاعِ وَاسِعُ الصَّدْرِ ‡ [He is possessed of ample power and might, and free from distress of mind or from narrowness of mind]. (IAạr, Ḳ, TA.) And إِنَّهُ لَضَيِّقُ المَجَمِّ ‡ Verily he is contracted, or straitened, in mind by affairs, or events. (IAạr, TA.)
مَجَمَّةٌ A thing in which resting is usually known to take place. (TA.)
مُجَمَّمٌ A boy (IDrd, TA) having a head of hair such as is termed a جُمَّة. (IDrd, Ḳ, TA.)
مُجَمِّمَةٌ A woman who makes her hair to form a جُمَّة, to make herself like a man: the doing of which is forbidden. (TA.)