جرز جرس جرش


1جَرَسَ

, [aor., app., جَرُسَ and جَرِسَ, as seems to be implied in the Ḳ, inf. n. جَرْسٌ, which see below,] He, or it, made a sound; (TA;) as also اجرس: (Mgh, TA:) [or both signify he, or it, made a low, gentle, slight, or soft, sound; as appears from what follows.] You say, جَرَسَ بِالكَلَامِ, (A,) or جَرَسَ الكَلَامَ, (Mṣb,) He spoke in a low, gentle, or soft, voice or tone; or with modulation, or melody; syn. نَغَمَ فِيهِ, (A,) or نَغَمَ بِهِ. (Mṣb.) And جَرَسَ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. جَرْسٌ; (Ḳ;) and تجرٍّ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) He spoke: (Ḳ:) or he said a thing, and spoke in a low, gentle, or soft, voice or tone, or with modulation or melody; expl. by تَكَلَّمَ بِشَىْءٍ وَتَنَغَّمَ. (Lth, Ṣ.) And اجرس is also used in the senses here following. It (a bird) caused the sound of its passing to be heard: (Ṣ, A, * Ḳ:) and in like manner it is said of a man. (Ḳ, accord. to the TA; but not found by me in any copy of the Ḳ.) ↓ And (tropical:) It (an ornament, حَلْىٌ,) made a sound (Ṣ, A, * Ḳ) like that of a جَرَس [or bell]; (TA;) as also انجرس. (A, TA.) ↓ And It (a tribe, حَىٌّ,) made its sound (جَرْس) to be heard: or, accord. to the T, made the sound of the جَرْس of a thing to be heard. (TA.) ↓ And He (a man) raised his voice. (TA.) ↓ And He (a camel-driver) sang to camels for the purpose of urging or exciting: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or raised his voice in doing so. (A.)
[Hence, app.,] جَرَسَ, aor. جَرُسَ (Lth, AO, Ṣ, Ḳ,) and جَرِسَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. جَرْسٌ, (Lth, AO, Ḳ,) He ate [a thing: because a slight sound is made in doing so]: (AO, TA:) or he licked [a thing] with his tongue. (Ḳ.) You say, جَرَسَت النَّحْلُ العُرْفُطَ The bees ate the [trees called] عرفط: (Ṣ) and جَرَسَتِ النَّوْرَ, (Lth, A,) and العَسَلَ [put tropically for النَّوْرَ because honey is made from flowers or blossoms], (Lth, TA,) the bees ate the flowers, or blossoms, making a sound in so doing: (A:) or licked the flowers, or blossoms, and thence made honey. (Lth, TA.) And جَرَسَتِ المَاشِيَةُ الشَّجَرَ, and العُشْبَ, The beasts licked the trees, and the herbage. (TA.) And جَرَسَتِ البَقَرَةُ وَلَدَهَا The cow licked her young one. (TA.)

2جرّس بِالقَوْمِ

, inf. n. تَجْرِيسٌ, He rendered the persons notorious, or infamous; [as, for instance, by parading them, and making public proclamation before them; accord. to the usage of the verb in the present day;] syn. سَمَّعَ بِهِمْ, (Ḳ,) and نَدَّدَ, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA,) and صَوَّتَ. (A.)
جَرَّسَتْهُ الأُمُورُ, (Ṣ,) and الدُّهُورُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) (tropical:) [Events, and misfortunes,] rendered him experienced, or expert, and sound, or firm, in judgment &c. (Ṣ, Ḳ, * TA)

4اجرس

: see 1, in six places.
اجرس بِالحَلْىِ (tropical:) [He made a sound with the ornament]: said of the owner [or wearer] of the ornament. (A.)
اجرس الجَرَسَ He struck [or sounded] the bell. (TA.)
أَجْرَسَنِى السَّبُعُ The animal of prey heard my sound (جَرْسِى): (ISk, Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or heard it from afar. (TA.)

جَرْسٌ

(Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and جِرْسٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and جَرَسٌ (Kr, ISd) A sound: (ISk, A, Ḳ:) or a low, faint, gentle, slight, or soft, sound: (IDrd, Ṣ A, Ḳ:) such, for instance, as the sound of the beaks of birds, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) pecking, (A,) upon a thing which they are eating: (Ṣ:) and that of bees eating flowers or blossoms: (A:) and of a tribe [or crowd of men, more particularly as heard from some distance; i. e., a hum]: (TA:) and of a camel-driver singing to his beasts to urge or excite them: (A:) and the slight sound of a letter of the alphabet: (TA:) and low, gentle, or soft, speech: (Mṣb:) or when the word is used alone, [i. e., not coupled with another noun as it is in the second of the two examples here following,] it is with fet-h: thus one says, مَا سَمِعْتُ لَهُ جَرْسًا; (A, Ḳ;) i. e., I heard not any sound of him, or it: (TA:) but you say, مَا سَمِعْتُ لَهُ حِسًّا وَلَا جِرْسًا, with kesr; (A, Ḳ;) i. e., I heard not any motion, nor any sound, of him, or it: (TA in art. حس:) pl. [app. of the third] أَجْرَاسٌ. (Ḥam p. 200.) [See also جَرْشٌ.]

جِرْسٌ

: see what next precedes, in two places.

جَرَسٌ

[A bell;] a thing well known; (Mṣb;) the thing that is hung to the neck of the camel (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) &c., and that makes a sound: (Mgh:) or, accord. to some, the [little round bell called] جُلْجُل: (TA:) and also that which is struck [to make it sound]: (Lth, Ṣ, Ḳ:) the thing that is struck by the Christians at the times of prayers: (Ḥar p. 616:) pl. أجْرَاسٌ. (Mgh, Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., لَا تَصْحَبُ المَلَائِكَةُ رُفْقَةً فِيهَا جَرَسٌ [The angels will not accompany an assemblage of persons journeying together among whom is a bell]: (Ṣ, TA:) the reason is said to be, because it guides others to them; for Mo- hammad liked not to let the enemy know of his approach until he came upon them suddenly. (TA.)
See also جَرْسٌ.

جُرْسَةٌ

The act of rendering [a person or persons] notorious, or infamous. (TA.) [See 2.]

جَارُوسٌ

Voracious. (IAạr, Ḳ.)

جَوَارِسُ

[as though pl. of جَارِسَةٌ] Bees: (Ṣ:) or bees eating flowers, or blossoms, and making a sound in doing so: (A:) or جَوَارِسُ النَّحْلِ signifies the males of bees. (TA.)

جَاوَرْسٌ

[A species of millet;] a kind of grain, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) well known, (Ḳ,) resembling ذُرَة, but smaller: (Mṣb:) or, accord. to some, a species of دُخْن: (Mṣb:) or i. q. دُخْنٌ: (Ṣ in art. دخن, and TA in art. دخل:) or a well-known grain, which is eaten, like دُخْن, of which there are three species, the best whereof is the yellow [الصفر, or the word may be الاصغر, the smallest,] and weighty: it is likened to rice in its power, or virtue, is more astringent than دُخْن, promotes the flow of urine, and constringes: the word is arabicized, from [the Persian] غَاوِرْسْ. (TA.)

مُجَرَّسٌ

(Ṣ) and مُجَرِّسٌ (TA) (tropical:) A man (TA) experienced, or expert, in affairs, (Ṣ, TA,) and rendered sound, or firm, in judgment &c. (TA.) And with ة, (tropical:) A she-camel tried and proved by use, or practice, in pace and riding. (TA.)

مَجْرُوسٌ

[Uttered with a sound: or with a low, gentle, slight, or soft, sound]. Every letter of the alphabet is مَجْرُوسَة, except the soft letters, (A, TA,) namely, وا, and ى. (TA.)