جب جبأ جبت


1. (جبأ)

جَبَأَ and جَبِئَ, aor. ـَ, He restrained, or withheld, himself; refrained, forbore, or abstained; or turned back, or reverted. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, جَبَأَ عَنْهُ, and جَبِئَ, meaning He restrained, or withheld, himself, &c., from him, or it; and regarded him, or it, with reverence, veneration, dread, awe, or fear: (TA:) [or,] accord. to AZ, جَبَأْتُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ, inf. n. جَبْءٌ and جُبُوْءٌ, [to which Golius adds جُبُؤٌ and جِبَآءٌ, but, I suspect, from incorrect MSS.,] means I drew, or held, or hung, back from the man; or remained behind him; or shrank from him; or shrank from him and hid myself: and he cites (from Nuseyb Ibn-Mihjen, TA)

* فَهَلْ أَنَ إِلَّ مِثْلُ سَيِّقَةِ العِدَى *
* إِنِ ٱسْتَقْدَمَتْ نَحْرٌ وَإِنْ جَبَأَتْ عَقْرٌ *

[And am I otherwise than like the beasts driven away by the enemy? If they go before, slaughter befalls them; and if they remain behind, hocking]. (Ṣ, TA.) You say also, مَا جَبَأَ عَنْ شَتْمِى He did not draw back from reviling me; did not desist, or abstain, therefrom. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

It (a sword) recoiled, or reverted, without penetrating, or without effect: (Ḳ:) or so the former verb [only]. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

It (the sight, or the eye,) recoiled, or reverted: (Ḳ:) or so the former verb [only]; and disliked, or disapproved, or hated, the thing [that was before it]. (TA.) You say, جَبَأَتْ عَيْنِى عَنِ الشَّىْءِ My eye recoiled, or reverted, from the thing. (Ṣ.) And of a woman of displeasing aspect you say, إِنَّ العَيْنِ لَتَجْبَأُ عَنْهَا [Verily the eye recoils from her with dislike]. (Aṣ, TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

He disliked, disapproved, or hated: (Ḳ:) or so the former verb [only]. (TA.) You say, جَبَأَ الشَّىْءَ He disliked, &c., the thing. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A5)

He inclined his neck: (Ḳ:) or so the former verb [only]. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A6)

He hid himself; (Ḳ, TA;) [app. from fear;] as, for instance, a ضَبّ [q. v.] in its hole. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A7)

He, or it, came, or went, forth, or out: (Ḳ:) [or so the former verb only.] You say of a serpent, جَبَأَ عَلَيْهِ It came forth upon him from its hole (Ṣ, TA) so as to frighten him; and in like manner one says of a hyena, and a ضَبّ, and a jerboa. (TA.) And جَبَأَ عَلَى القَوْمِ He came forth unexpectedly upon the people, or company of men. (TA.) And جَبَأَ الجَرَادُ The locusts invaded, or came suddenly upon, the country. (TA.)


4. (اجبأ)

أَجْبَأَتْ said of a land, (Ṣ,) or اجبأ said of a place, (Ḳ,) It abounded with [the kind of truffles called] كَمْأَة, (Ṣ,) or كَمْء, (so in some copies of the Ḳ,) or [rather] جِبَأَة [a pl. or quasi-pl. n. of جَبْء. (So in other copies of the Ḳ.)]

verb form: 4.(dissociation - B1)

اجبأ He hid a thing. (Ḳ.) And hence, He hid his camels from the collector of the poor-rate. (IAạr, TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - B2)

He sold seed-produce before it showed itself to be in a good state, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) or before it came to maturity. (TA.) Hence, in a trad., مَنْ أَجْبَى فَقَدْ أَرْبَى [He who sells seed-produce before it shows itself to be in a good state, or before it has come to maturity, practices the like of usury]: (Ṣ, TA:) originally with ء, (Ṣ,) which is suppressed for the purpose of assimilation [to اربى]. (TA.) [See 4 in art. جبو and جبى.]

verb form: 4.(dissociation - C1)

اجبأ عَلَى القَوْمِ He overlooked the people, or company of men; or commanded, or had, a view of them; or came in sight of them; syn. أَشْرَفَ. (Ḳ.)


جَبْءٌ

جَبْءٌ sing. of جِبَأَةٌ, like as فَقْعٌ is of فِقَعَةٌ, and غَرْدٌ of غِرَدَةٌ: (Ṣ:) or i. q. كَمْأَةٌ: (Ḳ:) or n. un. of جَبْأَةٌ↓, which is a coll. gen. n., like كَمْأَةٌ: (MF and TA, voce قَعْبٌ:) [J says,] جِبَأَةٌ signifies Red كَمْأَة [or truffles]: or, accord. to El-Aḥmar, those [truffles] that incline to redness; كَمْأَةٌ signifying those that incline to dust-colour and blackness; and فِقَعَةٌ, the white; and بَنَاتُ أَوْبَرَ, the small: (Ṣ:) accord. to AḤn, جَبْأَةٌ↓ signifies a white thing resembling a كَمْء, of which no use is made: but accord. to IAạr, the black كَمْأَة; which, he says, are the best of كمأة: (TA:) the pl. of جَبْءٌ is أَجْبُؤٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) a pl. of pauc., (Ṣ,) and جِبَأَةٌ, [as mentioned above,] or, accord. to Sb, this is a quasi-pl. n., (TA,) andجَبَأٌ↓, (Ḳ,) or this also is a quasi-pl. n. (TA.)

word: جَبْءٌ(signification - A2)

I. q. أَكَمَةٌ [q. v., i. e. A hill, or mound, &c.]: pls. as above. (Ḳ.)

word: جَبْءٌ(signification - A3)

A hollow, or cavity, (T, Ḳ,) in a mountain, (TA,) in which the water (T, Ḳ) of the rain (TA) stagnates, (T,) or collects: (Ḳ:) pl. as above. (Ḳ.)


جَبَأٌ


جَبْأَةٌ

جَبْأَةٌ: see جَبْءٌ, in two places.

word: جَبْأَةٌ(dissociation - B1)

Also A shoemaker's board, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) on which he cuts his leather; also called قُرْزُومٌ. (Ṣ.)

word: جَبْأَةٌ(dissociation - C1)

And The place where the false ribs of the camel end, and thence as far as the navel and udder. (Ḳ.)

word: جَبْأَةٌ(signification - C2)

And The part of the belly called the مَأْنَةٌ thereof; as also جَأْبَةٌ; (Ibn-Buzurj, TA;) i. e. the part between the navel and the pubes. (TA in art. جأب.)


جُبَّأٌ

جُبَّأٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andجُبَّاءٌ?↓ (Sb, Ḳ) Fearful, or cowardly: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) fem. with ة: and therefore the pl. is formed by the addition of و and ن. (Sb, TA.) Mafrook Ibn-ʼAmr Esh-Sheybánee says,

* فَمَا أَنَ مِنْ رَيْبِ المَنُونِ بِجُبَّأٍ *
* وَلَا أَنَا مِنْ سَيْبِ الإِلٰهِ بِآيِسِ *

[But I am not fearful of the vicissitudes of fortune, nor despairing of the favour of God]. (Ṣ, TA.)


جُبَّآءٌ

جُبَّآءٌ: see what next precedes.


جَابِئٌ

جَابِئٌ The locust, or locusts: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) so called because of the coming forth thereof [suddenly or unexpectedly: see 1, last two sentences]: (Ṣ, TA:) as also جَابٍ [q. v.]. (TA.)


مَجْبَأَةٌ

أَرْضٌ مَجْبَأَةٌ A land abounding with [the truffles called] جِبَأَة. (Ṣ.)