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1أَثَفَ القِدْرَ

: see 2.
أَثَفَهُ, aor. اَثِفَ, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَثْفٌ, (T, M,) He followed him. (Ks, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
He drove away, or drove away and pursued closely, or hunted, him; syn. طَرَدَهُ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.)
He sought, or sought after, or pursued after, him, or it: in which sense the aor. is اثّف القِدٌرَ, (AA, Ḳ) and تَأْثِيفٌalso. (So in some copies of the Ḳ.)

2اثّف القِدْرَ

, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَأْثِيفٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He put the cooking-pot upon the أَثَافِى[pl. of أُثْفِيَّةٌ, q. v.]; (T,* Ṣ, M,* Ḳ;) as also أَثَفَهَا, (M, TA,) inf. n. أَثْفٌ; (TA;) or آثَفَهَا, (so in some copies of the Ḳ in art. ثفى,) inf. n. إِيثَافٌ; (TA in that art.;) the first of which is a dial. var. of ثَفَّاهَا, inf. n. تَثْفِيَةٌ; (Ṣ;) and أَثْفَاهَا, whence قِدْرٌ مُؤَثْفَاةٌ. (M.)

5تَأَثًّفَتِ القِدْرُ

The cooking-pot was put upon the أَثَافِى. (TA.)
تَأَثَّفُوهُ They surrounded him, or it: (Ṣ, Ḳ: *) they became around him, or it, like the أُثْفِيَّة[or rather like the أَثَافِى]: (M:) they collected themselves together around him, or it. (A, TA.)
تأثّف المَكَانَ, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) or بِالمَكَانِ, (M,) He (a man, Ṣ) kept to the place; (T, Ḳ;) remained in it; (M;) did not quit it. (AZ, T, Ṣ, M.)
تأثّفهُalso signifies He followed after him, and pressed or importuned him, and ceased not to incite him. (T, Ḳ.) In my opinion, [says Az,] this is not in any way derived from الأُثْفِيَّةُ; but from أَثَفْتُ الرَّجُلَ, meaning “ I followed the man.” (T.)
And تأثّفوا عَلَى الأَمْرِ They aided, or assisted, one another to do, or accomplish, the thing, or affair. (M, L.)

Q. Q. 1أَثْفَى القِدْرَ

: see 2. [But accord. to Az, in the T, يُؤَثْفِى, as aor. of أَثْفَى, is يُثْفِىreduced to its original form; and the like is said in the Ṣ and M in art. ثفى. If this be the case, مُؤَثْفَاةٌ, q. v., may be مُثْفَاةٌreduced in the same manner, i. e., to its original form.]

أَثِفٌ

[probably a mistake for ↓آثِفٌ] Continuing, permanent, constant, firm, or established: (Ḳ, TA:) so in the Moḥeeṭ. (TA.)
Also, (Ḳ, and so in a copy of the Ṣ,) or آثِفٌ, [agreeably with analogy, and therefore more probably the correct form,] (so in other copies of the Ṣ and in the T,) Following. (Ks, T, Ṣ, Ḳ.)

أُثْفِيَّةٌ

and إِثْفِيَّةٌ[the former of which is the more common, and this only I find in copies of the T,] The stone [which is one of the three] whereon the cooking-pot is placed: (A'Obeyd, M, Ḳ:) it is, with the Arabs, a stone like the head of a man: (T:) the pl. is أَثَافِيُّand أَثَافٍ; (T, Ṣ, [in which latter it is written differently in different copies, with the article prefixed, الأَثَافِيُّand الأَثَافِي, but in both manners in art. ثفى,] M, Ḳ;) the latter being allowable; (T,) or, accord. to Akh, the latter only is used by the Arabs; (M;) applied to the three stones mentioned above: (TA in art. سفع; &c.:) upon these the cooking-pot is set up; but what is of iron, having three legs, is not called اثفيّة, but مِنْصَبٌ; (T;) [and this is what is meant by أَثْفِيَّةٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍin art. سفعin the Ḳ;] i. e. an iron trivet upon which a cooking-pot is set up. (TA in art. نصب.) أُثْفيَّةٌmay be of the measure فُعْلُويَةٌ[from اثف], and it may be of the measure أُفْعُولَةٌ[from ثفى; in either case originally أُثْفُويَةٌ]. (A, L.) ثَالِثَةُ الأَثَافِىsignifies The part, not detached, of a mountain; by the side of which, two pieces are put [for the cookingpot to be set thereon]. (A'Obeyd, T, Ḳ.) And hence the saying, (A'Obeyd, T,) رَمَاهُ اللّٰهُ بثَالِثَةِ, الأَثَافِي(A'Obeyd, T, Ḳ) May God smite him with the mountain; meaning, with a calamity; (Th, TA, Ḳ in art. ثفى;) with a calamity like the mountain [in greatness]; (Th, M;) for when they do not find the third of the اثافى, they rest the cooking-pot [partly] upon the mountain: (M, Ḳ, in art. ثفى:) or, with difficulties, or troubles, or calamities: (Aṣ, T:) or, with all evil; evils being likened to one اثفيّةafter another, and the third being the last: (T, Ḳ:) so says Aboo-Sa'eed: (T:) or, with the last of evil; and the last of everything hateful: (AO in Ḥar p. 84:) or, with a great calamity. (Ḥar ib.) One says also, الأَثَافِى فُلَانٌ ثَالِثَةُ, meaning (tropical:) Such a one is the heaviest, most burdensome, or most troublesome, of the people. (Ḥar ubi suprà.)
[Hence also,] الأَثَافِىis a name applied to (assumed tropical:) certain stars [accord. to Ideler, as mentioned by Freytag in his Lex., the stars σ and τ and υ Draconis] over against the head of the قِدْر; which is the name of certain stars disposed in a round form. (AHát, Ḳ.) [Also] a name given by the vulgar to (assumed tropical:) [The three chief stars in the constellation called] الشَّلْيَاقُ[i. e. Lyra]. (Ḳzw.)
The sing., (Ḳ,) i. e. each of the two forms thereof, but written in the copies of the Ṣ with damm [only], (TA in art. ثفى,) or [only] the latter, with kesr, (M, and so in the Ḳ in art. ثفى,) also signifies (assumed tropical:) A number, (M,) or a great number, (Ḳ, and so in the Ṣ in art. ثفى,) and a company, or congregated body, of men: (M, Ḳ:) pl. as above. (M.) You say, هُمْ عَلَيْهِ أُثْفِيَّةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ(assumed tropical:) [They are against him one band]. (TA.) And بَقِيَتْ مِنْ بَنِى فُلَانٍ أُثْفِيَّةٌ خَشْنَآءُ There remained of the sons of such a one a great number. (Ṣ in art. ثفى.)

آثفٌ

: see أَثفٌ, in two places.

مُؤَثَّفٌ

(assumed tropical:) Short, broad, plump, and fleshy. (Ḳ.)
And, with ة, (tropical:) A woman whose husband has two wives beside her; she being the third of them: they being likened to the أَثَافِىof the cookingpot. (M.) [See also مُثَفَّاةٌ, in art. ثفى.]

قِدْرٌ مُؤَثْفَاةٌ

A cooking-pot put upon the أَثَافِى [pl. of أُثْفِيَّةٌ, q. v.]. (M, and Ḳ in art. ثفى: in some copies of the latter, مؤْثَفَاةٌ.) [See Q. Q. 1.]