ثنو ثنى ثو
1. ⇒ ثنى
ثَنَاهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) said in the Ḳ to be like سَعَى, implying that the aor. is ـَ, but this is a mistake, (MF, TA,) [for it is well known that] the aor. is ـِ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. ثَنْىٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, &c.,) He doubled it, or folded it; (T;) he turned one part of it upon another; (M, Ḳ;) he bent it; (T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, TA;) he drew, or contracted, one of its two extremities to [or towards] the other; or joined, or adjoined, one of them to the other; thus bending it; (Mgh;) namely, a stick, or branch, or twig, (Mgh,) or a thing, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of any kind. (T.) One says of a man with the mention of whom one begins, in relation to an honourable or a praiseworthy quality, or in relation to science or knowledge, بِهِ تُثْنَى الخَنَاصِرُ, (T,) meaning With [the mention of] him, (T, and Mṣb in art. خصر,) among others of his class, (Mṣb ib.,) the little fingers are bent. (T, and Mṣb ubi suprá. [For the Arabs, in counting with the fingers, first bend the tip of the little finger down to the palm of the hand; then, the tip of the next; and so on; bending the thumb down upon the other fingers for five; and then continue by extending the fingers, one after another, again commencing with the little finger.]) And a poet says,
* فَإِنْ عُدَّ مَجْدٌ أَوْ قَدِيمٌ لِمَعْشَرٍ ** فَقَوْمِى بِهِمْ تُثْنَى هُنَاكَ لأَصَابِعُ *
[And if glory, or any old ground of pretension to honour, be reckoned as belonging to a body of men, it is my people, with the mention of them, in that case, the fingers are bent]; meaning that they are reckoned as the best; (IAạr, M;) for the best are not many. (M.) One says also, ثَنَى وَرِكَهُ فَنَزَلَ [lit. He bent his hip, and alighted], meaning he alighted from his beast. (T.) And ثَنَى رِجْلَهُ عَنْ دَابَّتِهِ, meaning He drew up his leg to his thigh, and alighted. (M.) But قَبْلَ أَنْ يَثْنِىَ رِجْلَهُ, occurring in a trad., means Before he turned his leg from the position in which it was in the pronouncing of the testimony of the faith. (IAth.) ثَنَى صَدْرَهُ, aor. and inf. n. as above, [lit. He folded his breast, or bosom,] means † he concealed enmity in his breast, or bosom: or he folded up what was in it, in concealment. (TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [xi. 5], أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ يَثْنَونَ صُدُورَهُمْ, meaning [Now surely] they infold and conceal [in their bosoms] enmity and hatred: (Fr, T:) or they bend their breasts, or bosoms, and fold up, and conceal, what is therein: (Zj, T:) I’Ab read,تَثْنَوْنِى↓ صُدُورُهُمْ: you say, اِثْنَوْنَى صَدْرُهُ عَلَى البَغْضَآءِ, meaning his breast, or bosom, infolded, or concealed, vehement hatred: (T:) or the phrase in the Ḳur, accord. to the former reading, means they bend, or turn, their breasts, or bosoms, from the truth; they turn themselves away therefrom: or they incline their breasts, or bosoms, to unbelief, and enmity to the Prophet: or they turn their backs: (Bḍ:) [for]
ثَنَاهُ, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) aor. as above, (Mṣb,) and so the inf. n., (T, Mṣb, TA,) also signifies He turned him, or it, away or back. (T, Ṣ, Mṣb, TA.) Also He turned him, or turned him away or back, (Lth, T, Ṣ,) from the course that he desired to pursue, (Lth, T,) or from the object of his want: (Ṣ:) or you say, ثَنَاهُ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ, (Mgh,) and عَنْ حَاجَتِهِ, (TA,) and عَنْ مُرَادِهِ, (Mṣb,) he turned him, or turned him away or back, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) from his course, (Mgh,) and from the object of his want, (TA,) and from the object of his desire. (Mṣb.) One says also, فُلَانٌ لَا يُثْنَى عَنْ قِرْنِهِ وَلَا عَنْ وَجْهِهِ [Such a one will not be turned, or turned away or back, from his antagonist, nor from his course]. (T.)
Also He tied it; or tied it in a knot or knots; or tied it firmly, fast, or strongly. (TA.) You say, ثَنَيْتُ البَعِيرَ بِثِنَايَيْنِ, meaning, accord. to Aṣ, as related by AʼObeyd, I bound both the fore legs of the camel with two bonds: but correctly, I bound the two fore legs of the camel with the two ends of a rope; the last word meaning a single rope: (T:) عَقَلْتُهُ بِثَنْيَيْنِ means I bound one of his fore shanks to the arm with two ties, or tyings. (T, M.)
ثَنْىٌ [as inf. n. of ثَنَى] also signifies The act of drawing, or joining, or adjoining, one [thing] to another; (Lth, T, Mgh;) and soتَثْنِيَةٌ↓ [inf. n. of ثنّى]. (Mgh.)
[As ثَلَثَهُمْ signifies “he took the third of their property,” and “he made them, with himself, three,” and other verbs of number are used in similar senses, so] ثَنَاهُ signifies He took the half of their property: or he drew, or adjoined, to him what became with him two: (TA:) or ثَنَيْتُهُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Mṣb,) signifies I became (Ṣ, Mṣb) to him, (Ṣ,) or with him, (Mṣb,) a second; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) or I was a second to him, or it: (Er-Rághib:) or one should not say thus, but that AZ says, (M,) هُوَ وَاحِدٌ فَٱثْنِهِ (M, Ḳ [but in the latter, هٰذَا in the place of هُوَ, and in the CK,فأَثْنِه↓,]) he is one, and be thou a second to him. (M, Ḳ.)
ثَنَى, aor. as above, also signifies He made eleven to be twelve. (T in art. ثلث.)
ثَنَى الأَرْضَ, inf. n. as above, He turned over the land, or ground, twice for sowing, or cultivating: (Mgh, and A * and TA * in art. ثلث:) andتَثْنِيَةٌ↓ [inf. n. of ثنّى] and ثُنُيَانٌ [app. another inf. n. of ثَنَى, and app. correctly written ثُنْيَانٌ] are often used by [the Imám] Moḥammad in the sense of ثَنْىٌ: he who explains تَثْنِيَةٌ as signifying the turning over [the land, or ground,] for sowing, or cultivating, after the harvest, or as signifying the restoring land to its owner turned over for sowing, or cultivating, commits an inadvertence. (Mgh.)
فَٱثْنِنِى, occurring in a poem of Kutheiyir 'Azzeh, is explained as meaning Then give thou to me a second time: (M, TA:) but this is strange: (TA:) [ISd says,] I have not seen it in any other instance. (M.)
2. ⇒ ثنّى
ثنّاهُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَثْنِيَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He made it two; or called it two. (Ṣ, M, MṢ b, Ḳ.) [Hence,] ثَنَّى means also He counted two; whence the saying, فُلَانٌ يُثَنِّى وَلَا يُثَلِّثُ; see art. ثلث: (A and TA in art. ثلث:) [and so, app., اِثَّنَى↓; for] a poet says,
* بَدَا بِأَبِى ثُمَّ ٱثَّنَى بِأَبِى أَبِى *
[which seems plainly to mean He began with my father; then counted two with the father of my father]. (M.)
[He dualized it, namely, a word; made it to have a dual.]
[He marked it with two points, namely, a ت or a ى.]
He repeated it; iterated it. (Mgh.) See 1, in three places.
ثنّى لِٱمْرَأَتِهِ, or عِنْدَهَا, He remained two nights with his wife: and in like manner the verb is used in relation to any saying or action. (TA voce سَبَّعَ.)
ثنّى بِالأَمْرِ He did the thing immediately after another thing. (T.)
تَثْنِيَةٌ also signifies A man's requesting others [who are playing with him at the game called المَيْسِر] to return, for [a chance of] the stakes, his arrow, when it has been successful, and he has been secure, and has won. (Lḥ, M.)
4. ⇒ اثنى
أَثْنَتْ, orاِثْتَنَتْ↓, She brought forth her second offspring. (TA in art. بكر.)
See also 1, in two places.
اثنى, (inf. n. إِثْنَآءٌ, TA,) He shed his tooth called the ثَنِيَّة; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) he became what is termed ثُنِىّ; said of a camel [&c.]: (M, Ḳ:) he shed his رَوَاضِع [pl. of رَاضِعَة which is the same, in this case, as ثَنِيَّة]; said of a horse [&c.]. (IAạr, T.)
اثنى عَلَيْهِ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. إِثْنَآءٌ; (T;) andثنّى↓, inf. n. تَثْنِيَةٌ, accord. to the Ḳ, but this is a mistake forثبّى↓, inf. n. تَثْبِيَةٌ; (TA;) He praised, eulogized, commended, or spoke well of, him: and he dispraised, censured, discommended, or spoke ill of, him: (T,* M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the object is either God or a man: (T:) or it has the former meaning only: (M, Ḳ;) or the former meaning is the more common: (Mṣb:) accord. to IAạr, اثنى signifies he spoke, or said, well, or good; and ill, or evil; and انثى, “he defamed,” or “did so in the absence of the object;” and “he disdained, scorned, shunned, disliked, or hated,” a thing: (T:) and you say, اثنى عَلَيْهِ خَيْرًا [He spoke, or said, well, or good, of him]; (Ṣ, and TA from a trad.;) and شَرًّا [ill, or evil], also. (TA from the same trad.) One says also, أَثْنَيْتُ فِعْلَهُ [I praised his deed]; meaning عَلَى فِعْلِهِ; or because أَثْنَى means مَدَحَ. (Ḥam p. 696.)
5. ⇒ تثنّى
تثنّى: see 7.
Also He affected an inclining of his body, or a bending, or he inclined his body, or bent, from side to side; syn. تَمَايَلَ: (Ḥar pp. 269 and 271:) and he walked with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side; or with a twisting of the back, and with extended steps; syn. تَبَخْتَرَ. (Idem p. 271.) You say, تثنّى فِى مِشْيَتِهِ (Ṣ, and Ḥar p. 269) He affected an inclining of his body, or a bending, or he inclined his body, or bent, from side to side, in his gait. (Ḥar ib.) [And in like manner, and more commonly, one says of a woman.]
7. ⇒ انثنى
انثنى, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) andتثنّى↓, andاِثَّنَى↓, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, (M, Ḳ,) originally اِثْتَنَى, (M,) andاِثْنَوْنَى↓, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) of the measure اِفْعَوْعَلَ, (T, Ṣ,) It was, or became, doubled, or folded; (T;) it had one part turned upon another; (M, Ḳ;) it was, or became, bent. (T, Ṣ.)
[Hence,] انثنى signifies also He turned, or turned away or back, (Ḥar pp. 44 and 120,) عَنْ أَمْرٍ from an affair, after having determined to do it. (Lth in TA art. زمع.)
8. ⇒ اثتنى ⇒ اثّنى
10. ⇒ استثنى
استثناهُ He set it aside as excluded; or he excluded it, or excepted it; مِنْ شَىْءٍ from a thing; syn. حَاشَاهُ: (M:) or he set it aside, or apart, for himself: and in the conventional language of the grammarians, [he excepted it; i. e.] he excluded it from the predicament in which another thing was included, or in which other things were included: (Mgh:) الٱِسْتِثْنَآءُ [in grammar] is the turning away the agent from reaching the object of the اِسْتِثْنَآء: (Mṣb:) in the case of an oath [and the like], it means the saying إِنْ شَآءَ ٱللّٰهُ [If God will]. (Mgh.) [See ثُنْيَا.]
12. ⇒ اثنونى
ثِنْىٌ A duplication, or doubling, of a thing: (T,* Ṣ, Mṣb:) pl. أَثْنَآءٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) or the sing. may be ثَنًى↓. (Mṣb.)
A folding: so in the saying, أَنْفَذْتُ كَذَا ثِنْىَ كِتَابِى, (Ṣ, TA,) or فِى ثِنْىِ كِتَابِىِ (so in a copy of the Ṣ,) i. e., فِى طَيِّهِ [lit. I sent, or transmitted, such a thing within the folding of my writing, or letter; meaning infolded, or enclosed, in it; and included in it]. (Ṣ, TA.)
A duplicature, or fold, of a garment, or piece of cloth: (TA:) or what is turned back of the extremities thereof: (T:) pl. as above: whence, in a trad. of Aboo-Hureyreh, كَانَ يَثْنِيهِ عَلَيْهِ أَثْنَآءً مِنْ سَعَتِهِ [He used to fold it upon him in folds by reason of its width]; meaning the garment. (TA.) [Hence the saying,] وَكَانَ ذٰلِكَ فِى أَثْنَآءِ كَذَا, i. e., فى غُضُونِهِ [lit And that was in the folds, meaning, in the midst, of such a thing, or such an affair, or event]. (TA.) And جَاؤُوا فِى أَثْنَآءِ الأَمْرِ They came in the midst of the affair, or event. (Mṣb.) [And hence, app.,] مَضَى ثِنْىٌ مِنَ اللَّيْل An hour, or a period, or a short portion, of the night passed; (M, Ḳ;*) syn. سَاعَةٌ, (Th, M, Ḳ,) or وَقْتٌ. (Lḥ, M, Ḳ.) [See also what is said below respecting its pl. in relation to a night.]
Also sing. of أَثْنَآءٌ meaning The parts of a thing that are laid together like the strands of a rope, or that are laid one upon another as layers or strata, or side by side as the things that compose a bundle; (قُوَاهُ, and طَاقَاتُهُ; [rendered by Freytag “virtutes, facultates rei;”]) andمَثَانٍ↓, of which the sing. is مَثْنَاةٌ↓ andمِثْنَاةٌ↓, signifies the same. (M, Ḳ.)
Also A bending of the neck of a sheep, or goat, not in consequence of disease: (Ḳ: but in the M, ثَنْىٌ [inf. n. of 1]:) and a serpent's bending, or folding, of itself: (M, Ḳ:) and also (thus in the M, but in the Ḳ “or”) a curved part of a serpent that has folded itself; (M, Ḳ;) pl. أَثْنَآءٌ, (M,) i. e. the folds of a coiled serpent. (T.) The pl. is used metaphorically [as though meaning ‡ The turns] of a night. (M.) [But see explanations of the sing. as used in relation to a night in what precedes.]
A part that is bent, or folded, or doubled, of a وِشَاح [q. v.]; (TA;) pl. as above: (T, TA:) and so of a rope: (Ṣ:) or a portion of the extremity of a rope folded, or doubled, [so as to form a loop,] for binding therewith the pastern of the fore leg of a beast, to serve as a tether. (T.) Tarafeh says,
* لَعَمْرُكَ إِنَّ المَوْتَ مَا أَخْطَأَ الفَتَى ** لَكَالطِّوَلِ المُرْخَى وَثِنْيَاهُ بِالْيَدِ *
[By thy life, death, while missing the strong young man, is like the tether that is slackened while the two folded extremities thereof are upon the fore leg, or in the hand: see طِوَلٌ]: (T, Ṣ:) he means that the young man must inevitably die, though his term of life be protracted; like as the beast, though his tether be lengthened and slackened, cannot escape, being withheld by its two extremities: (so in a copy of the T:) or by ثنياه he means its extremity; using the dual form because it is folded, or doubled, upon the pastern, and tied with a double tie: (so in another copy of the T:) or he means, while its two extremities are in the hand of its owner: (EM p. 91:) by ما اخطأ, he means فِى إِخْطَائِهِ, (Ṣ in art. طول,) or مُدَّةَ إِخْطَائِهِ: and the ل [prefixed to the ك of comparison] is for corroboration. (EM ubi suprá.) You say also, رَبَّقَ أَثْنَآءَ الحَبْلِ, meaning He made loops in the middle of the rope to put upon the necks of the young lambs or kids. (T.)
Also A bend, or place of bending, of a valley, (Ṣ, M,* Ḳ,) and of a mountain: (Ṣ:) pl. as above: (M, Ḳ:) andمَثَانٍ↓ [likewise] signifies the bends of a valley. (T, Ḳ.)
A she-camel that has brought forth twice, (Ṣ,) or two, (M,) or a second time: (Ḳ:) or, as some say, that has brought forth once: but the former is more analogical: (M:) one does not say ثِلْثٌ [as meaning “that has brought forth thrice”], nor use any similar epithet above this: (Ṣ, TA:) pl. ثُنَآءٌ, like ظُؤَارٌ pl. of ظِئْرٌ, accord. to Sb, (M, TA,) and أَثْنَآءٌ accord. to others: (TA:) in like manner it is applied to a woman, (Ṣ, M,) metaphorically: (M:) and to the she-camel's second young one: (Ṣ, M:) accord. to Aṣ, as related by AʼObeyd, a she-camel that has brought forth once: also that has brought forth twice: [so says Az, but he adds,] but what I have heard from the Arabs is this; that they term a she-camel that has brought forth her first young one بِكْر; and her first young one, her بِكْر; and when she brought forth a second, she is termed ثِنْىٌ; and her young one, her ثِنْى: and this is what is correct. (T.) [Hence the saying,] مَا هٰذَا الأَمْرُ مِنْكَ بِكْرًا وَلَا ثِنْيًا ‡ This thing, or affair, is not thy first nor thy second. (A and TA in art. بكر.)
ثَنًى: see ثِنْىٌ, first sentence.
ثُنًى: see ثِنًى:
ثِنًى The repetition of a thing; doing it one time after another: (Aboo-Saʼeed, TA:) or a thing, or an affair, done twice: (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA:) this is the primary signification: (TA:) andثُنًى↓ signifies the same. (IB, TA.) It is said in a trad., لَا ثِنَى فِى الصَّدَقَةِ There shall be no repetition in the taking of the poor-rate; (IAth, TA;) [i. e.] the poor-rate shall not be taken twice in one year: (Aṣ, Ks, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ:) or two she-camels shall not be taken in the place of one for the poor-rate: (M, IAth, Ḳ:*) or there shall be no retracting of an alms; or no revoking it: (Mgh, Ḳ,* TA:) this last is the meaning accord. to Aboo-Saʼeed, (Mgh, TA,) i. e. Ed-Dareeree, (Mgh,) who, in explaining this trad., as relating to the giving an alms to a man and then desiring to take it back, says he does not deny that ثِنًى has the meaning first assigned to it above in this paragraph. (TA.)
ثَنْوَى / ثُنْوَى
ثَنْوَى and ثُنْوَى: see ثُنْيَا, in four places.
ثُنْيَةٌ: see ثُنْيَا, in three places.
ثِنْيَةٌ The lowest, most ignoble, or meanest, of the people of his house; applied to a man. (Ṣ, TA.)
Also pl. of ثُنْيَانٌ, q. v. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
ثُنْيَا a subst. from اِسْتِثْنَآءٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) as alsoثَنْوَى↓; the former with damm, and the latter with fet-ḥ: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) both are syn. with اِسْتِثْنَآءٌ [used as a subst., meaning An exception]; (T;) as alsoثَنِيَّةٌ↓, (T, Ḳ,) orثُنْيَةٌ↓, (accord. to one copy of the T,) andمَثْنَوِيَّةٌ↓: (T:) so in the saying, حَلَفَ يَمِينًا لَيْسَ فِيهَا ثُنْيَا andثُنْوَى↓ andثَنِيَّةٌ↓ orثُنْيَةٌ↓ andمَثْنَوِيَّةٌ↓ [he swore an oath in which there was not an exception]; for when the swearer says, “By God I will not do such and such things unless God will otherwise,” he reverses what he [first] says by God's willing otherwise: (T: [see 10:]) [and so in the saying,] حَلْفَةٌ غَيْرُ ذَاتِ مَثْنَوِيَّةٍ↓ a swearing not made lawful [by an exception]: (M:) [so too in the saying,] بَيْعٌ مَا فِيهِ مَثْنَوِيَّةٌ↓ [and ثُنْيَا, &c.] (Ḳ in art. لحج) a sale in which there is not an exception: (TA in that art.:) or ثُنْيَا signifies a thing excepted, (M, Mgh, Ḳ,) whatever it be; (Ḳ) as alsoثَنْوَى↓, (M, Ḳ,) with و substituted for ى, (M,) orثُنْوَى↓, (so in the TA, [but probably through inadvertence,]) andثَنِيَّةٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) orثُنْيَةٌ↓. (TA.) In a sale, it is unlawful when it is the exception of a thing unknown; and when one sells a slaughtered camel for a certain price and excepts the head and extremities: (T, TA:) or when an exception is made from things sold without measuring or weighting or numbering: and in a contract with another for labour upon land on the condition of sharing the produce, it is when one excepts a certain measure after the half or the third. (IAth, TA.) The saying of Moḥammad, مَنِ ٱسْتَثْنَى فَلَهُ ثُنْيَاهُ means Whoso maketh an exception, his shall be what he excepteth: (M, TA:*) as, for instance, when one says, “I divorce her thrice, save once:” or “I emancipate them, except such a one.” (TA.)
It also means particularly The head and legs of a slaughtered camel; (T, M,* Ḳ;) because the seller of the camel used, in the Time of Ignorance, to except them; (T;) and IF adds, but incorrectly, the back-bone: (Ṣgh, TA:) whence, applied to a she-camel, مُذَكَّرَةُ الثُّنْيَا, (T, M,) meaning Resembling the make of the male in [the largeness of] her head and legs; (Th, M;) or جُمَالِيَّةُ الثُّنْيَا, having thick legs, like those of the male camel in thickness. (T.) [Also, app., The exception, or omission, of a day, in irrigation: see 3 in art. ثلث, and ثِلْثٌ in the same art.] Andثَنِيَّةٌ↓ signifies also A palm-tree that is excepted from a bargain. (M, Ḳ.) And The martyrs whom God has excepted from those who shall fall down dead or swooning: (M, Ḳ:) these, accord. to Kaab, areثَنِيّةُ↓ ٱللّٰهِ فِى الأَرْضِ [those whom God has excepted on the earth]; (T, M;) alluded to in the Ḳur [xxxix. 68], where it is said, “And the horn shall be blown, and those who are in the heavens and those on the earth shall fall down dead, or swooning, except those whom God shall please [to except].” (T.)
ثُنْيَانٌ The second chief; the person who comes second as a chief; (AʼObeyd, T;) the person who is [next] below the سَيِّد, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, [in some copies of the Ḳ, erroneously, سيل,]) in rank; (Ṣ;) as alsoثِنًى↓ (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) andثُنًى↓ (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, Ḳ) andثِنْىٌ↓: (Ḳ:) pl. (of the first, Ṣ) ثِنْيَةٌ [which is also a sing., mentioned above]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [See an ex. in a verse cited voce بَدْءٌ.]
A man having no judgment nor intelligence, or understanding. (M, Ḳ.)
Applied to judgment, or an opinion, (M, Ḳ,) ‡ Wrong, or having a wrong tendency; (M;) bad, corrupt, unsound, or wrong. (Ḳ, TA.)
Also a pl. of ثَنِىٌّ [q. v.]. (Ṣ, M, &c.)
ثَنَوِىٌّ rel. n. of اِثْنَانِ, and of اِثْنَا عَشَرَ, when either or these is used as the proper name of a man; as alsoاِثْنِىٌّ↓ [with ٱ when connected with a preceding word]; like بِنَوِىٌّ and اِبْنِىٌّ as rel. ns. of اِبْنٌ. (Ṣ.)
And الثَّنَوِيَّةُ [The Dualists;] the sect who assert the doctrine of Dualism [الٱِثْنَيْنِيَّة]. (TA.)
ثَنَآءٌ, [and accord. to the CK, ثَنِيَّةٌ, but this is a mistranscription for تَثْنِيَة, inf. n. of ثَنَّى, and تَثْنِيَة is a mistake for تَثْبِيَة, inf. n. of ثَبَّى, (see 4,)] Praise, eulogy, or commendation, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of a man, (T, M,) and of God: (T:) and dispraise, censure, or discommendation, (T, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of a man: (T, M:) or the former only: (M, Ḳ:) or more frequently the former: (Mṣb:) so termed because it is repeated: (Ḥam p. 696:) that it relates to good speech and evil is asserted by many. (TA.)
ثُنَآءُ / ثُنَآءَ
ثُنَآءُ and ثُنَآءَ: see مَثْنَى.
ثِنَآءٌ The cord, or rope, with which a camel's fore shank and his arm are bound together; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and the like; consisting of a folded, or doubled, cord, or rope: each of the folds, or duplicatures, thereof would be thus termed if the word were used in the sing. form: (Ṣ:) Ibn-Es-Seed [in the CK, erroneously, Ibn-Es-Seedeh] allows it; and therefore it is given as on his authority in the Ḳ: (TA:) and Lth allows it; but in this instance he allows what the Arabs do not allow: (T:) you say, عَقَلْتُ البَعِيرَ بِثِنَايَيْنِ, meaning I bound together the fore shanks and the arms of the camel with a rope, (Ṣ,) or with two ropes, (M, [but this is probably a mistake of a copyist,]) or with the two ends of a rope; (AZ, T, Ṣ, M;) without ء because the word has no sing.: (Kh, Sb, T, Ṣ:) Lth allows one's saying بِثِنَآءَيْنِ also; but the Basrees and Koofees [in general] agree that it is without ء: (T:) IB says that it has no sing. because it is a single rope, with one end of which one fore leg is bound, and with the other end the other leg; and IAth says the like: (TA:) this rope is also called ثِنَايَةٌ↓; but a single rope for binding one fore shank and arm is not thus called. (T.) See also ثِنَايَةٌ.
The فِنَآء [or court, or open or wide space, in front, or extending from the sides,] (M, Ḳ,) of a house: (M:) [in the CK, الغِناءُ is erroneously put for الفِناءُ:] accord. to IJ, from ثَنَى, aor. يَثْنِى, because there one is turned back, by its limits, from expatiating; but AʼObeyd holds the ث to be a substitute for ف. (M.)
ثَنِىٌّ / ثَنِيَّةٌ
ثَنِىٌّ Shedding his tooth called the ثَنِيَّة [q. v.]: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb:) or that has shed the tooth so called: (T, Mgh:) applied to a camel, &c., as follows: (T, Ṣ, M, &c.:) or, as some say, to any animal that has shed that tooth, except man: (M:) fem. with ة
الثُّنَىُّ / الثُّنِىُّ
الثُّنَىُّ, or الثُّنِىُّ: see اِثْنَانِ.
ثَنِيَّةٌ I. q. عَقَبَةٌ: (AA, M, Mgh, Ḳ:) or the latter means a long mountain that lies across the road, and which the road traverses; and the former, any such mountain that is traversed: (T:) so called because it lies before the road, and crosses it; or because it turns away him who traverses it: (Mgh:) or the road of what is termed عَقَبَة: (Ṣ; and so in copies of the Ḳ:) or a high road of what is thus termed: (Ḳ accord. to the TA:) or a road in, or upon, a mountain, (M, Ḳ,) like that which is termed نَقْبٌ [q. v.]: (M:) or a road to a mountain: (M, Ḳ:) or a mountain (M, Ḳ) itself: (M:) or a part of a mountain that requires one, in traversing it, to ascend and descend; as though it turned the course of journeying: (Er-Rághib, TA:) pl. ثَنَايَا: (T, Ṣ:) which signifies also [such roads as are termed] مَدَارِج. (T.) Hence the phrase, فُلَانٌ طَلَّاعُ الثَّنَايَا Such a one rises to eminences, or to lofty things or circumstances, or to the means of attaining such things; like the phrase طَلَّاعُ أَنْجُدٍ [q. v.]: (Ṣ:) or, like the latter phrase, is accustomed to embark in, or undertake, or to surmount, or master, lofty and difficult things: (Mgh:) or is hardy, strong, or sturdy; one who embarks in, or undertakes, great affairs. (TA. [See an ex. under the heading of اِبْنُ جَلَا, in art. جلو: and see also art. طلع.])
Also, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) pl. ثَنَايَا (T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) and ثَنِيَّاتٌ, (Mṣb,) One of certain teeth, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the foremost in the mouth, (M,) [namely, the central incisors,] four in number, (T, M, Mgh, Mṣb,) to man, and to the camel, (T, M, &c.,) and to the wild beast, (M,) in the fore part of the mouth, (T, Mgh, Ḳ,) two above and two below: (T, M, Mgh, Ḳ:) so called as being likened to the ثَنِيَّة of a mountain, in form and hardness; (TA;) or because each of them is placed next to its fellow. (Mgh.)
Also fem. of ثَنِىٌّ [q. v.]. (T, Ṣ, M, &c.)
See also ثُنْيَا, in five places.
ثِنَايَةٌ A cord, or rope, of goats' hair (شَعَر), or of wool, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or of other material; (Ḳ;) as alsoثِنَآءٌ↓ (Ḳ) andمِثْنَاةٌ↓ andمَثْنَاةٌ↓; (M, Ḳ;) which last is explained by IAạr as signifying [simply] a cord, or rope: (M:) [or] the first has the meaning assigned to it above, voce ثِنَآءٌ; syn. with ثِنَايَانِ: and signifies also a long rope; whence the saying of Zuheyr, describing the [she-camel termed] سَانِيَة,
* تَمْطُو الرِّشَآءَ وَتُجْرِى فِى ثِنَايَتِهَا ** مِنَ المَحَالَةِ قَبًّا رَائِدًا قَلِقَا *
(T,) meaning [She draws the well-rope, and causes to run,] with her ثناية upon her, (ISk, T,) [a wabbling, unsteady, sheave (?) of the large pulley;] the ثناية here being a rope of which the two ends are tied to the saddle (قَتَب) of the سانية; the [upper] end of the well-rope being tied to its مِثْنَاة↓ [which here means the folded middle part]: (T:) but Aboo-Saʼeed says that it [here] means a piece of wood by which are connected the two extremities of the cheeks, or side-pieces, (طرفا الميلين, [the latter of which words I here render conjecturally, supposing it to be similar in meaning to القَعْوِ or القَعْوَيْنِ,]) above the محالة, and a similar piece below; the محالة and [qu. or] the sheave turning between the tow pieces thus called. (T, in a later portion of the art.)
ثُنَائِىٌّ [a rel. n. from اِثْنَانِ, anomalously formed, but analogous with other rel. ns. from ns. of number, as رُبَاعِىٌّ ثُلَاثِىٌّ, &c., Of, or relating to, two things].
كَلِمَةٌ ثُنَائِيَّةٌ A word comprising, or composed of, two letters; as يَدٌ, and دُمْ [or دَمٌ?]. (TA.)
ثِنْتَانِ a fem of اِثْنَانِ, q. v.
ثَانٍ / ثَانَةٍ
ثَانٍ [act. part. n. of 1; Doubling, or folding;, &c.]. Hence, هُوَ ثَانٍ رِجْلَهُ While he was bending his leg before rising, or standing up. (TA from a trad.) [And جَآءَ ثَانِىَ عِطْفِهِ: see art. عطف.] One says of a horseman who has bent the neck of his beast on the occasion of his vehement running, جَآءَ ثَانِىَ العِنَانِ [He came bending the rein by pulling it with both hands a little apart]: (T:) or جَآءَ ثَانِيًا مِنْ عِنَانِهِ [he came bending a part of his rein]. (Ṣ.) And of the horse himself, one says, جَآءَ سَابِقًا ثَانِيًا, i. e. He came outstripping, with bent neck, by reason of briskness; because when he is fatigued, he stretches out his neck; and when he is not fatigued nor jaded by running, but comes in his first run, he bends his neck: and hence the saying of the poet,
* وَمَنْ يَفْخَرْ بِمِثْلِ أَبِى وَجَدِّى ** يَجِئْ قَبْلَ السَّوَابِقِ وَهُوَ ثَانِى *
i. e. [And he who glories in the like of my father and my grandfather, let him come before the mares that outstrip,] he being like the horse that outstrips [all others], with bent neck; or it may mean, he bending the neck of his horse which has outstripped the others. (T.) [Hence also,] شَاةٌ ثَانِيَةٌ A sheep, or goat, bending the neck, not in consequence of disease. (M, Ḳ.)
[Also Second; the ordinal of two: fem. with ة
And الثَّوَانِى [pl. of الثَّانِيَةُ] signifies [The second horns;] the horns that are [next] after the أَوَائِل. (M.)
[ثَانِىَ عَشَرَ and ثَانِيَةَ عَشْرَةَ, the former masc. and the latter fem., meaning Twelfth, are subject to the same rules as ثَالِثَ عَشَرَ and its fem., explained in art. ثلث.]
اِثْنِىٌّ: see ثَنَوِىٌّ.
اِثْنَانِ a noun of number; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) applied to the dual number; (Mṣb;) meaning [Two;] the double of وَاحِدٌ; (M, Ḳ;) with a conjunctive ا [when not immediately preceded by a quiescence, written ٱثْنَانِ]; (T, Ṣ, Mṣb;) but this is sometimes made disjunctive when connected with a preceding word by poetic license: (T, Ṣ:) of the masc. gender: (Ṣ:) fem. اِثْنَتَانِ, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb,) in which, also, the ا is conjunctive; (T, Mṣb;) andثِنْتَانِ↓; (T Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) the latter sometimes used, (T,) [much less frequently than the former, though the only fem. form mentioned in the M and Ḳ,] and of the dial. of Temeem; (Mṣb;) like as one says, هِىَ ٱبْنَةُ فُلَانٍ and هِىَ بِنْتُهُ: (T:) the ت in the dual is a substitute for the final radical, ى, (M, TA,) as it is in أَسْنَتُوا, the only other instance of this substitution except in words of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ: (Sb, M, TA:) in اِثْنَانِ, the final radical, ى is suppressed: (Mṣb:) it has no sing.: (Lth, T:) if it were allowable to assign to it a sing., it would be اِثْنٌ [for the masc.] and اِثْنَةٌ [for the fem.], like اِبْنٌ and اِبْنَةٌ: (Ṣ:) accord. to some, (Mṣb,) it is originally ثِنْىٌ; (T, Mṣb, CK;) and hence the dual ثِنْتَانِ: (Mṣb:) or it is originally ثَنَىٌ, (M, Mṣb, and so in a copy of the Ḳ,) the conjunctive ا being then substituted for the ى whence the dual ٱثْنَانِ, like ٱبْنَانِ: (Mṣb:) this is shown by the form of its pl., which is أَثْنَآءٌ, (M, Ḳ,) like أَبْنَآءٌ [pl. of ٱبْنٌ, which is originally بَنَىٌ or بَنَوٌ,] and آخَآءٌ [pl. of أَخٌ, which is originally أَخَوٌ]. (M.) In the saying in the Ḳur [xvi. 53], لَا تَتَّخِذُوا إِٰلهَيْنِ ٱثْنَيْنِ [Take not to yourselves two gods], the last word is added as a corroborative. (M.) The phrase ثِنْتَا حَنْظَلٍ occurs, by poetic license, for اِثْنَتَانِ مِنْ حَنْظَلٍ, meaning حَنْظَلَتَانِ [Two colocynths]. (Ṣ.) You say also,شَرِبْتُ أَثْنَآءَ↓ القَدَحِ, and شَرِبْتُ ٱثْنَىْ هٰذَا القَدَحِ, meaning [I drank] twice as much as the bowl, and as this bowl: and in like manner, شَرِبْتُ ٱثْنَىْ مُدِّ البَصْرَةِ and ٱثْنَيْنِ بِمُدِّ البَصْرَةِ [I drank twice the quantity of the مُدّ of El-Basrah]. (M.) And a poet says,
*فَمَا حُلِبَتْ إِلَّا الثَّلَاثَةَ وَالثُّنَى↓ ** وَلَا قُيِّلَتْ إِلَّا قَرِيبًا مَقَالُهَا *
meaning [And she was not milked save] three vessels and two, [nor was she given her middaydrink save when her midday-resting was near.] (IAạr, M.)
Hence, (Mṣb,) يَوْمُ الٱِثْنَيْنِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or الٱِثْنَانِ alone, (M, Ḳ,) One of the days of the week; [the second; namely, Monday;] because the first, with the Arabs, is الأَحَدُ; (M;) as alsoالثِّنَى↓, like إِلَى; (Ḳ;) so in the copies of the Ḳ; [or,] accord. to some, الثُّنِىُّ↓, [originally الثُّنُوىُ,] of the measure فُعُول, like ثُدِىٌّ [pl. of ثَدْىٌ], is used in this sense; (TA;) orاليَوْمُ الثُّنَىُّ↓, [so in the M, accord. to the TT,] mentioned by Sb, on the authority of certain of the Arabs: (M:) the pl. is أَثْنَآءٌ and أَثَانِينُ, (M, Ḳ,) the latter mentioned on the authority of Th: but it has no dual: and those who say أَثْنَآءٌ form this pl. from الٱِثْنُ, although this has not been in use: (M:) or it has neither dual nor pl., (Ṣ, Mṣb,) being itself a dual; (Ṣ;) but if you would form a pl. from it, you would regard it as itself a sing., and make its pl. أَثَانِينُ: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) IB says that أَثَانِينُ has not been heard [from the Arabs], and is only mentioned by Fr, on the ground of analogy; that it is far-fetched in respect of analogy; and that the pl. heard is أَثْنَآءٌ: Seer and others mention, as heard from the Arabs, إِنَّهُ لَيَصُومُ الأَثْنَآءَ [Verily he fasts on the Mondays]. (TA.) الثنين in يوم الثنين has no dim. (Sb, Ṣ in art. امس.) IJ says that the article ال in الثنين is not redundant, though the word is not an epithet: Abu-l-ʼAbbás says that the prefixing of the article in this case is allowable because the virtual meaning is اليَوْمُ الثَّانِى [the second day]. (M.) The saying اليَوْمُ الٱِثْنَانِ means The name of to-day [is الاثنان]; and is like the saying اليَوْمُ يَوْمَانِ [to-day is two days] and اليَوْمُ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ [to-day is fifteen of the month]. (Sb, M.) Sometimes, يَوْمُ ٱثْنَيْنِ, without the article ال, occurs in poetry. (M, Ḳ.) When a pronoun refers to الاثنان [as meaning Monday], this word may be treated in two ways, [as a sing. and as a dual,] but the more chaste way is to treat it as a sing., as meaning the day: (Mṣb:) [thus,] Aboo-Ziyád used to say, مَضَى الٱِثْنَانِ بِمَا فِيهِ [Monday passed with what occurred in it]; making it sing. and masc.; and thus he did in the case of every day of the week, except that he made الجُمْعَة fem.: Abu-I-Jarráh used to say, مَضَى الٱِثْنَانِ بِمَا فِيهِمَا, treating the word as a numeral; and thus he treated the third and fourth and fifth days, saying in each of these cases بِمَا فِيهِنَّ. (M.)
[اِثْنَا عَشَرَ, fem. اِثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ; respectively, in a case of nasb and khafd, اِثْنَىْ عَشَرَ and اِثْنَتَىْ عَشْرَةَ; and with ٱ when not immediately preceded by a quiescence; mean Twelve: see عَشَرَةٌ.]
اِثْنَوِىٌّ, [with ٱ when not immediately preceded by a quiescence, in the CK erroneously written اَثْنَوِىّ,] One who fasts alone on the second day of the week. (IAạr, Th, M, Ḳ.)
الٱِثْنَيْنِيَّةُ [The doctrine of dualism: see ثَنَوِىٌّ]. (TA.)
مَثْنَى (Ṣ, Mgh) andثُنَآءُ↓ (T, Ṣ) [Two and two; two and two together; or two at a time and two at a time]: they are imperfectly decl., in like manner as [مَثْلَثُ and] ثُلَاثُ, as explained in art. ثلث; (Ṣ, TA;) [because] changed from the original form of اِثْنَانِ ٱثْنَانِ; (T, Mgh, TA;) or because of their having the quality of epithets and deviating from the original form of اِثْنَانِ; (Sb, Ṣ in art. ثلث, q. v.;) or because they deviate from their original as to the letter and the meaning; the original word being changed as above stated, and the meaning being changed to اِثْنَانِ ٱثْنَانِ. (Ṣ ibid.) You say, جَاؤُوا مَثْنَى andثُنَآءَ↓ (M, Ḳ) or مَثْنَى مَثْنَى, (Ṣ,) but this is a repetition of the word only, not of the meaning, (Mgh,) and in like manner one says of women, (M, Ḳ,*) i. e. They came two [and] two. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) And it is said in a trad., صَلَاةُ اللَّيْلِ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى, i. e. The prayer of night is two rek'ahs [and] two rek'ahs (رَكْعَتَانِ رَكْعَتَانِ). (TA.) [See also other exs. voce ثُلَاثُ.]
مَثْنَى الأَيَادِى The repeating a benefit, or benefaction; or reiterating it; conferring it twice, or thrice; (Aṣ, T, Ḳ;) or twice, or more than twice: (Ḳ:) or the shares remaining of the slaughtered camel (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) in the game called المَيْسِر, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) which shares a bountiful man used to purchase, and give for food to the أَبْرَام, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) i. e., those who took no part in the game, not contributing: (M:) or the taking a portion time after time. (AA, T, Ṣ, M.)
مَثَانٍ [is pl. of مَثْنًى as signifying A place of doubling, or folding, &c.: and hence means]
The knees and elbows of a horse or similar beast. (T, Ḳ.)
And The bends of a valley. (T, Ḳ. See ثِنْىٌ.)
And, as pl. of مَثْنًى, The chords of the lute that are after the first: (M, Ḳ:) or مثنى signifies a chord [of a lute] composed of two twists: or, as some say, the second chord. (Ḥar p. 244. See مَثْلَثٌ.)
مَثْنًى also signifies The زِمَام [or noserein] of a she-camel: and Er-Rághib says that the مثناة [i. e.مَثْنَاة↓ orمِثْنَاة↓] is the doubled, or folded, part of the extremity of the زِمَام. (TA.)
المَثَانِى as relating to the Ḳur-án is pl. of مَثْنًى, (Mgh,) or of مَثْنَاةٌ↓: (AHeyth, T, Mgh:) it has three applications, accord. to AʼObeyd: (T, Mgh:) it signifies The Ḳur-án altogether; (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ;) so in the Ḳur xxxix 24; (AʼObeyd, T, Mgh;) meaning that the mention of reward and punishment is repeated, or reiterated, in it; (Fr, T;) or so called because the verse of mercy is conjoined with that of punishment; (Ṣ;) or because narratives and promises and threats are repeated in it; or because one peruses it repeatedly without being wearied: (Mgh:) or it signifies, (M, Ḳ,) or signifies also, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, Mgh,) [the first chapter, called] the فَاتِحَة, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh,) or الحَمْدُ, (Ḳ,) which means the same; (TA;) so in the Ḳur xv. 87; (AʼObeyd, T, Mgh;) because it is repeated, or recited twice, in every [act of prayer termed a] رَكْعَة, (Fr, Zj, AHeyth, T, Ṣ,) or with every chapter, (Th, M,) or in every prayer; (Mgh;) or because containing praise of God: (Zj, T, Mgh:) [but see السَّبْعُ المَثَانِى voce سَبْعَةٌ:] or it signifies, (M, Ḳ,) or signifies also, (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, Mgh,) the chapters that are less than those containing a hundred verses, (Ṣ, M, Mgh,) or that are less than the long ones (الطُّوَل, q. v.), and less than those containing a hundred verses, (AʼObeyd, T, Ḳ, but in [most of] the copies of the Ḳ دُونَ المِأَتَيْنِ is put in the place of دُونَ المِئِينَ, which is the right reading, TA,) and more than [those of the portion called] the مُفَصَّل, (AʼObeyd, T, Mgh, Ḳ,) as is related on the authority of the Prophet by Ibn-Mesʼood and ʼOthmán and Ibn-ʼAbbás; (AHeyth, T;) because, (Mgh,) or as though, (T,) occupying the second place after those containing a hundred verses: (T, Mgh:) or the chapters, (T, Ḳ,) six and twenty in number, (T,) entitled الحَجّ and القَصَص and النَّمْل and النُّور and الأَنْفَال and مَرْيَم and العَنْكَبُوت and الرُّوم and يَاسِين and الفُرْقَان and الحِجْر and الرَّعْد and سَبَا and المَلَائِكَة and إِبْرَاهِيم and صَاد and مُحَمَّد and لُقْمٰن and الغُرَف and المُؤْمِن and الزُّخْرُف and السَّجْدَة and الأَحْقَاف and الجَاثِيَة and الدُّخَان (T, Ḳ) and الأَحْزَاب, (Ḳ,) which last has been omitted by the copyists of the T: (TA:) or the chapters of which the first is the بَقَرَة, and the last is بَرَآءَة: or what is repeated, of the Ḳur-án, time after time. (M, Ḳ.)
It is said in a trad. that one of the signs of the resurrection will be the public reading, or reciting, of the مَثْنَاة, (T, Ṣ,) which means That which has been desired to be transcribed from a source other than the Book of God: (T:) or a certain book, (T, Ḳ,) [the Mishna,] which the learned men, and the recluses, of the Children of Israel, after Moses, composed after their own desire, from a source other than the Book of God, as AʼObeyd says on the authority of a man learned in the books of the earlier times, (T,) containing the histories of the Children of Israel after Moses, in which they allowed and disallowed what they pleased: (Ḳ:) or what is sung: (Ḳ:) or what is called in Persian دُو بَيْتِى, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) which means two verses, each composed of a pair of hemistichs; (TA;) i. e. what is sung; but AʼObeyd explains it otherwise than thus: (Ṣ:) it is what is known among the 'Ajam by the term مَثْنَوِىٌّ↓, as though this were a rel. n. from مَثْنَاةٌ: the vulgar say [erroneously] ذُو بَيْت, with the pointed ذ. (TA.)
مِثْنَاةٌ / مَثَانٍ
مُثَنًّى [pass. part. n. of 2.]
[Dualized: a dual.]
[مُثَنَّاةٌ فَوْقِيَّةٌ Marked with two points above: an epithet added to تآء to prevent its being mistaken for بآء or ثآء or يآء. And مُثَنَّاةٌ تَحْتِيَّةٌ Marked with two points below: an epithet added to يآء to prevent its being mistaken for بآء or تآء or ثآء.]
الطَّويلُ المُثَنَّى † That which passes away [out of sight, or disappears,] by length; mostly used of a thing that is long without breadth. (TA.)
مَثْنِىٌّ [pass. part. n. of 1; Doubled or folded, &c.]
أَرْضٌ مَثْنِيَّةٌ Land, or ground, turned over twice for sowing, or cultivating. (Mgh, and A and TA in art. ثلث.)
مَثْنَوِىٌّ: see مَثْنَاةٌ.
مَثْنَوِيَّةٌ: see ثُنْيَا, in four places.