نهش نهض نهق


1نَهَضَ

, aor. نَهَضَ, inf. n. نُهُوضٌ (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and نَهْضٌ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) He rose, or stood up. syn. اِرْتَفَعَ, (Mṣb,) or قَامَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ,) عَنْ مَكَانِهِ from his place; (Mṣb;) as also انتهض, syn. قَامَ: (IAạr:) or the former, he quitted a place: and he rose from it: (M, TA:) or he rose from sitting; thus differing from نَهَدَ, which signifies “ he rose ” under any circumstances: (M, L, in art. نهد:) [and he rose and went: or he rose and hastened, as shown below:] and انتهض, he was, or became, made, or excited, to rise, or stand up; quasipass. of أَنْهَضَهُ. (Ṣ.) You say, نَهَضَ إِلَيْهِ He rose, or stood up, to him: (Mgh.) and لِأَمْرٍ [to do, or perform, an affair] (Ṣ, Ḳ. *) And نَهَضَ إِلَى العَدُوِّ He [rose and] sped, or hastened. to, or towards, the enemy. (Mṣb.) [See also ??.] And نَهَضْنَا إِلَى القَوْمِ and نَغَضْنَا إِلَيْهِمْ [We rose and sped, or hastened, to. or towards, the people, or company of men:] both signify the same. (Abu-l-Jahm El-Jaafaree.) And انتهضوا and تناهضوا signify the same as نَهَضُوا لِلْقِتَالِ [They rose and sped, or hastened, to fight, or to the fight]. (TA.)
(tropical:) It (a plant) stood erect; or became strong and erect. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)
(tropical:) It (a bird) spread, or expanded, its wings to fly. (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ.) You say, فَرْخٌ عَاجِزُ النُّهْض [A young bird lacking the power of spreading its wings to fly, (A, TA.) [See an ex. in a verse of El- Hoteíäh cited in the first paragraph of art. خلف.]
نَهَضَتْ نَفْسُهُ (Ḳ in art. جشأ. &c.) and نَهَضَتْ نَفْسُهُ إِلَيْهِ (Ṣ in the same art, and A in art. جهش, &c.) signify [the same. i. e.] جَشأَتْ (assumed tropical:) [His said, or stomach, heaved, &c.] (Ṣ, A, Ḳ. in the arts. above mentioned.)
نَهَضَ الشَّيْبُ فِى الشَّبَابِ (tropical:) [Hoariness a rose in youth] (A, TA.) As cites the following verse from an anonymous poet:
* الْرِّعْدَةُ فِى ظُهَيْرِى تَنْتَهِضُ *
* مِنْ لَدُنِ الظُّهْرِ إِلَى العُصَيْرِ *
(assumed tropical:) [Tremor arises in my little back from the time of noon to the little evening.). (TA.)

3ناهضهُ

, (Ṣ, A, &c.,) inf. n. مُنَاهَضَةٌ, (TA,) He rose with him, or against him, and withstood him, or opposed him, in contention; syn. قَاوَمَهُ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) namely his adversary. (A, Mgh.)

4انهضهُ

He made him, or excited him, to rise, or stand up. (Ṣ, A, * Ḳ, TA:) or he roused him. or put him in portion to rise. (TA.) You say also, لِلْأَمْرِ إِنْتَهَضْتُهُ, [if this be not a mistranscription for ??,] I made him to rise to (do, or perform,] the affair. (Mṣb,) And انهضهُ عَلَى الشَّىْءِ (assumed tropical:) He strengthened him to rise, and do, or perform, the thing. (TA.)
انهض القِرْبَةَ: He nearly filled the water-skin [so as to make it rise]. (Ḳ. TA.)
أَنْهَضَتِ الرِّيحُ السَّحَابَ (tropical:) The wind bore and drove along the cloud, or clouds. (TA.)

6تناهضوا فِى الحَرْبِ

(Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ) They rose, one with another, or one against another, and withstood, or opposed, one another. in war. or battle: (Mgh,) or each party of them rose and hastened (نَهَضَ) to, or towards, the other, in war. or battle. (Ṣ, Ḳ. *) See also 1.

10استنهضهُ لِأَمْرِ كَذَا

He ordered him, or commanded him, to rise to [do, or perform,] such an affair. (Ṣ, Ḳ. *) [And استنهضهُ فِى أَمْرٍ] He sent him on an affair, to perform it.]

نَهْضَةٌ

[inf. n. of un. of 1, A single act of rising, &c.: and] a motion, or movement: pl. نَهَضَاتٌ. (Mṣb.) You say, جَآءَتْ مِنْهُ نَهْضَةٌ, (A, TA,) or كَانَتْ مِنْهُ نَهْضَةٌ, There was (a rising, or) a motion, or movement, on his part. (Mṣb,) لِمحَلّ كَذَا [to such a place], (A TA,) or إِلَى كَذَا (to, or towards, such a thing]. (Mṣb.) And هُوَ كثِيرُ النَّهَضَاتِ [He is a person of frequent risings, or motions or movements]. (A, TA.)
Also, (assumed tropical:) Power, or ability; and strength. (TA.)

نُهْضَةٌ

[The act of rising, or standing up: or the state of being made, or excited, to rise, or stand up] a subst. from الإِنْتِهَاضُ (TA.)

نَهَّاضٌ

[One who frequently rises; or who frequently rises from, or quits, his place:] quick on motion. (Expos. of the Moʼallaḳát, printed at Calcutta, p ??)
هُوَ نَهَّاضٌ نِهٰؤُلَآءِ (tropical:) [app. He is wont to rise with these, for their assistance. see نَاهِضَةٌ]. (A, TA.)
هُوَ نَهّاضٌ بِبَزْلَآءَ: see art. بزل.

نَاهِضٌ

[act. part. n. of 1, Rising, or standing up: &c.].
(assumed tropical:) Energetic, sharp, vigorous, or effective in his agency, or work. (TA.)
(tropical:) A young bird whose wings have became complete, (Ṣ, A, Mgh.,) or whose wing has became complete, (Ḳ,) and which has risen, (Ṣ,) or is able. (A, Mgh,) or ready, (Ḳ,) to fly: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ:) (??) has spread its wings to fly: or that has raised itself to quit its place applied by some particularly to the young or the eagled. (TA.) pl. نَوَاهِضُ. (A, Mgh.) [See also عَاتِقٌ.]

نَاهِضَةُ رَجُلٍ

(tropical:) A man's people, (L,) or the sons of his father or ancestor, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) who rise for him, (O,) or with him. (Ḳ,) or with whom he rises, in a case that grieves him, (L,) or who are angry for him, (Ṣ,) or who are angry by reason of his anger, and rise to aid him: (TA:) and his people, (A,) or servants, (Ḳ,) or those, (Ṣ,) who undertake, or manage, his affairs: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or his aiders, or assistants. (A, in art. ظهر) You say, مَا لِفُلَانِ نَاهِضَةٌ (tropical:) Such a one has not any (Ṣ, A) people, (A,) or servants, (TA,) who undertake, or manage, his affairs. (Ṣ, A, TA.)