نثت نثر نثل
نَثَرَ, aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and ـِ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. نَثْرٌ (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and نِثَارٌ, (M, Ḳ,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) He scattered a thing, sprinkled it, strewed it, dispersed it, or threw it dispersedly, (Lth, T, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) with his hand; (Lth, T;) as, for instance, grain, (Lth, T,) and fruit and the like, (Mṣb,) walnuts and almonds and sugar, (Lth, T,) and pearls, &c.; (A;) as alsoنثّر↓, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَنْثِيرٌ; (TA;) [or the latter is with teshdeed to denote muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action; or its application to many objects: see مَنْثُورٌ.]
نَثَرَتِ النَّخْلَةُ ‡ The palm-tree [scattered or] shook off its unripe dates. (A.)
وَجَأَهُ فَنَثَرَ أَمْعَآءَهُ ‡ [He smote him with a knife and scattered his intestines]. (M, A.)
لَأَنْثُرَنَّكَ نَثْرَ الكَرِشِ ‡ [I will assuredly scatter thine intestines like as one scatters the contents of the stomach of a ruminant beast]: said in threatening. (A.)
نَثَرَ وَلَدًا ‡ He (a man, M) had many children born to him. (M, Ḳ, TA.) And نَثَرَتِ المَرْأَةُ بَطْنَهَا, (T, A, Mgh TA,) and ذَا بَطْنِهَا, (T, Mgh, TA,) and كَرِشَهَا, (A, in art. كرش,) ‡ The woman brought forth many children; (T, A, in art. كرش;) scattered children; للزَّوْجِ to the husband. (Mgh.)
نَتَرَ الكَلَامَ ‡ He spoke, or talked, much. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
نَثَرَ قِرَاءَتَهُ ‡ He hastened, or was quick, in his reading, or reciting. (A.)
نَثَرَ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. نَثِيرٌ, ‡ He (a beast of carriage, M, Ḳ, and a camel, M, and an ass, T) sneezed [app. so as to scatter the moisture in his nostrils]: (T, M, Ḳ, TA:) or did with his nose what is like sneezing: (T:) he (an ass, and a sheep or goat) sneezed, and expelled what annoyed or hurt him, from his nose: (A:) or نَثَرَتْ she (a ewe or goat) ejected from her nose what annoyed or hurt her. (Ṣ.) And نَثَرَ, (Fr, T, IAth, Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. ـِ, (T, IAth,) inf. n. نَثْرٌ (T, Mgh) [and app. نَثِيرٌ, as above], ‡ He [a man] blew his nose; ejected the mucus from his nose; syn. امْتَخَطَ; (IAth;) as alsoاستنثر↓: (Ṣ, Ḳ, art. مخط:) and he ejected what was in his nose, of mucus, and of that which annoyed or hurt him, in performing the ablution termed وُضُوْء; (Ṣgh, TA;) as alsoأَنْثَرَ↓, accord. to some: (TA:) orأَنْثَرَ↓ signifies he ejected what was in his nose; or he emitted his breath from his nose; or he introduced the water into his nose; as alsoانتثر↓ andاستنثر↓: (Ḳ:) but this last explanation is outweighed in authority; the form انثر↓ is disallowed by the leading lexicologists; and the author of the Ḳ, in respect of this form, follows Ṣgh, without due consideration: (TA:) [accord. to the more approved opinion,] نَثَرَ signifies he scattered what was in his nose by the breath; as alsoانتثر↓ andاستنثر↓: (Ṣ:) or, as some of the learned say, he snuffed up water, and then ejected what was in it, of anything annoying or hurting, or of mucus; as alsoاستنثر↓: (IAạr, T, Mgh:) orاستنثر↓ (T, M, IAth, Ḳ) andانتثر↓, (Ḳ,) he snuffed up water, and then ejected it (T, M, IAth, Ḳ) by the breath of the nose: (T, M, Ḳ:) accord. to some, نَثَرَ andاستنثر↓ signify he (a person performing وُضُوْء) snuffed up water: but others say that the latter signifies he ejected what was in his nose, of mucus &c.; agreeably with a trad. to be cited below: (Mṣb:) IAạr says, that استنثر↓ signifies he snuffed up water, and put in motion the نَثْرَة, or end of the nose, in purification: (T [in the Mgh, this explanation is ascribed to Fr:]) and Fr, that نَثَرَ andانتثر↓ andاستنثر↓ signify he put in motion the نَثْرَة, in purification. (T.) It is said of Moḥammad, كَانَ يَسْتَنْشِقُ ثَلَاثًا فِى كُلِّ مَرَّةٍ يَسْتَنْثِرُ [He used to snuff up water three times, every time ejecting it; &c.] and this indicates that استنثر↓ differs from استنشق. (T, Mgh, Mṣb.) And it is said in a trad., إِذَا ٱسْتَنْشَقْتَ فَٱنْثُرْ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and فَٱنْثِرْ, with the conjunctive ا, and with damm and kesr to the ث, (Mṣb,) When thou snuffest up water, scatter what is in thy nose by the breath; (Ṣ;) or eject what is in thy nose, of mucus, &c.: (Mṣb:) or, as AʼObeyd relates it, فَأَنْثِرْ↓; inf. n. إِنْثَارٌ: (Mṣb:) or, as he relates it إِذَا تَوَضَّاتَ فَأَنْثِرْ, with the disjunctive ا; and he does not explain it; but the lexicologists do not allow أَنْثَرَ↓, from الإِنْثَارُ; one only says, نَثَرَ andانتثر↓ andاستنثر↓. (T.) No instance ofاستنثر↓ used transitively has been heard, except in a trad. of El-Ḥasan Ibn-ʼAlee,اِسْتَنْثَرَ↓ أَنْفَهُ [He ejected the contents of his nose; or he blew his nose]; as though the root [نَثَرَ] were regarded in it, or as though it were made to import the meaning of نَقَّى. (Mgh.)
نَثَّرَ see 1, first signification.
[ناثرهُ He contended with him in scattering, strewing, or dispersing, a thing or things. And hence,]
رَأَيْتُهُ يُنَاثِرُهُ الدُّرَّ [lit., I saw him contending with him in scattering pearls: meaning,] ‡ I saw him holding a disputation, or colloquy, with him, in beautiful, or elegant, language. (A.)
انثر as syn. with نَثَرَ and استنثر and انتثر: see 1, latter half,
انثرهُ ‡ He made his nose to bleed; syn. أَرْعَفَهُ. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.) You say, طَعَنَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ ‡ [He pierced him and made his nose to bleed]: (Ṣ:) and ضَرَبَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ [He smote him and made his nose to bleed]. (A.)
‡ He threw him down upon his نَثْرَة, (M, A, TA,) i. e., (TA,) [upon the end of his nose: or] upon his خَيْشُوم. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, طَعَنَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ عَنْ فَرَسِه ‡ [He pierced him and threw him down upon the end of his nose from his horse]. (M, A.*)
انتثر (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andنتاثر↓ (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ) andتنثّر↓ (M, Ḳ) It became scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly: (Ṣ,* M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) [or the second more properly signifies it became scattered, &c., by degrees, gradually, or part after part; resembling تَسَاقَطَ &c.: and the third, being quasi-pass. of 2, denotes muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action; or its application to many things.] You say, انتثرت الكَوَاكِبُ † The stars became dispersed: or became scattered like grain. (TA.) And انتثروا andتنثّروا↓ ‡ [They (meaning men) became as though they were scattered by the hand]. (A.) [Andتناثر↓ الشَّعَرُ, and الوَرَقُ, † The hair, and the leaves, fell off, and became scattered, by degrees.] Andتناثر↓ القَوْمُ ‡ The people fell sick and died [one after another]: (M, Ḳ:*) or you sayمَرِضُوا فَتَنَاثَرُوا↓ مَوْتًا [they fell sick and became separated by death, one after another]. (A.)
See also 1, latter half, throughout.
إِسْتَنْثَرَ see 1, latter half, throughout.
نُثَارٌ What becomes scattered, strewn, or dispersed, of, or from, a thing; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as alsoنُثَارَةٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) andنَثَرٌ↓, (Ḳ, [but see مُنْتَثِرٌ,]) and, as some say, نِثَارٌ↓: (Mṣb:) so the نُثَارَة↓ of wheat, and of barley, and the like: (Lḥ, M:) or نُثَارٌ signifies the crumbs of bread, and of everything, that become scattered around the table: (T:) or the crumbs of the table that become scattered around: as alsoنُثَارَةٌ↓: (A:) or this last, what becomes scattered from the table, and is eaten in the hope of obtaining a recompense [for preventing its being thrown away or trodden under foot]. (Lḥ, M, Ḳ.*)
نِثَارٌ, with kesr, a subst. from نَثَرَ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) signifying The act of scattering, strewing, dispersing, or throwing dispersedly, [anything,] (Lth, T, A, Mṣb,) [and particularly fruits and the like, such as] walnuts and almonds and sugar [and money, &c., on festive occasions,] and grain. (Lth, T.) You say شَهِدْتُ نِثَارَ فُلَانٍ I was present at, or I witnessed, such a one's scattering (Lth, T, A) of fruits, &c. (Lth, T.) And كُنَّا فِى نِثَارِهِ We were at his scattering. (A.)
Also, What is scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly, (A, Mṣb, TA,) of such things as sugar and fruits and the like, (A, TA,) [and money, &c., on festive occasions;] a subst., (A, TA,) in the sense of مَنْثُورٌ, (A, Mṣb, TA,) like كِتَابٌ in the sense of مَكْتُوبٌ; (Mṣb;) as alsoنَثَرٌ↓. (A, TA.) [See also مُنْتَثَرٌ.] You say أَصَنْتُ مِنَ النِّثَارِ I obtained [somewhat] of the scattered [sugar or fruits &c.]. (Mṣb.) And مَا أَصَبْنَا مِنْ نَثَرِ فُلَانٍ شَيْئًا We did not obtain aught of such a one's scattered things, such as sugar and fruit. (TA.)
Accord. to some, i. q. نُثَارٌ in the first of the senses explained above. (Mṣb.)
نُثَارَةٌ: see نُثَارٌ, in three places.
نَاثِرٌ (A) andمِنْثَارٌ↓ (A, Ḳ) ‡ A palm-tree (نَخْلَةٌ) that shakes off its unripe dates: (A:) or of which the unripe dates become scattered. (Ḳ.)
And the former, ‡ A sheep or goat that coughs, so that something becomes scattered from its nose; as also نَافِرٌ: (Aṣ, Ṣ:) or a sheep or goat that ejects from its nose what resembles worms; as alsoنَثُورٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) or that sneezes, and ejects from its nose what annoys or hurts it, resembling worms. (TA.)
نَيْثُرَانٌ: see نَثِرٌ.
مِنْثَرٌ: see نَثِرٌ.
مِنْثَارٌ: see نَاثِرٌ.
دُرٌّ مَنْثُورٌ, andنَثِيرٌ↓, Pearls scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly, with the hand. (A,* TA.) See also مُنْتَثِرٌ, and مُنَثَّرٌ. You sayكَأَنَّ لَفْظَهُ الدُّرُّ النَّثِيرُ↓ [As though his speech were scattered pearls]. (A.)
لَهُ كَرِشٌ مَنْثُورَةٌ ‡ He has [numerous] young children. (A, art. كرش.)
Also مَنْثُورٌ A kind of sweet-smelling flower; (TA;) [the gilliflower: so called in the present day: see also خِيرِىٌّ.]
مُتَنَاثِرٌ: see مُنْتَثِرٌ.