مير ميز ميس


1مَازَهُ

, aor. يَمِيزُهُ, inf. n. مَيْزٌ; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and ميّزهُ (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَمْيِيزٌ; (Ṣ;) or the latter has an intensive signification; (Mṣb;) He put it, or set it, apart, away, or aside; removed it; or separated it; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) from another thing, or other things; (Mṣb;) as also امازهُ: (Ḳ:) [or the second, rather, he did so much, or greatly, or widely; like زَيَّلَهُ.] You say, مَازَهُ مِنْهُ, and ميّزهُ. (A.) Ex. مَازَ الأَذَى مِنَ الطَّرِّيق He put aside, or removed, what was hurtful from the road. (TA.) And it is said in the Ḳur, [viii. 38,] لِيَمِيزَ ٱللّٰهُ الخَبِيثَ مِنَ الطَّيِّبِ [That God may separate, or sever, the evil from the good]. (Mṣb.) [It seems also, from what is said in the A, that مَايَزْتُ بَيْنَهُمَا signifies I separated them two: besides having another signification, which see below.] You say also مَازَ الشَّىْءَ, (aor. and inf. n. as above, TA,) meaning, He separated one part of the thing from another; فَصَلَ بَعْضَهُ مِنْ بَعْضٍ, (M, TA,) or عَنْ بَعْضٍ: (as in a copy of the A:) expl. in the Ḳ as signifying فَضَّلَ بَعْضَهُ عَلَى بَعْضٍ [he judged, or made, part of the thing to excel, or to have excelled, another]; but the explanation in the M is the right. (TA.) And الأَشْيَآءَ ميّز He separated the things after knowledge of them. (Mṣb.)
[Hence, He distinguished it, or discriminated it, or discerned it. And مَازَ بَيْنَ الأَشْيَآءِ, and بَيْنَهَا مَيَّزَ, He distinguished, or discriminated, or discerned, between the things. This is what is meant by its being said,] المَيْزُ also signifies التَّمْيِيزُ بَيْنَ الأَشْيَآءِ. (TA.) You say also, بَيْنَهُمَا مَايَزْتُ [I distinguished, or discriminated, or discerned, between them two]. (A.) From ميّز الاشيآء, meaning as explained above, is [also], app., derived the phrase سِنُّ التَّمْيِيزِ, used by the doctors of practical law, as signifying, [The age of discrimination;] the age at which one knows what things are beneficial to him and what are hurtful to him: or, accord. to some, التَّمْيِيز is a faculty in the brain whereby meanings are elicited. (Mṣb.)
مَازَ [is also intrans., and signifies] He (a man) removed from one place to another. (IAạr, Ḳ.) See also 8.

8امتاز

, and تميّز, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and انماز. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and إِمَّازَ, (Lḥ, TA,) [the last being a variation of that immediately preceding,] and استماز, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) It was, or became, put, or set, apart, away, or aside; or removed; or separated; (Ṣ, A, * Mṣb, * Ḳ;) from another thing, or other things: (Mṣb:) and the last, استماز, he went, or withdrew, aside, or to a distance, (Ḳ, TA,) عَنِ الشَّىْءِ from the thing. (TA.) All these forms are syn.; but in the phrase مِزْتُهُ فَلَمْ يَمَّزْ [as though signifying I put it, or set it, apart, &c., but it did not remain so] Lḥ allows the verbs to be only in these two forms: (TA:) [though انماز is used in other cases; for] you say عَنْ انماز مُصَلَّاهُ He shifted from his place of prayer; or quitted it for another. (TA.) [See also 1, last signification.] You say also, امتار القَوْمُ, meaning, بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ تميّز [The people were, or became, put, or set, apart, &c., one from another]: (Ṣ, TA:) and, as also تميّزوا, they became on one side: or they became alone, or separate: and the former, they withdrew, in a company or troop, aside; as also استمازوا: (TA:) and [in like manner] تمايزوا they became separated: (A:) and they formed themselves into separate companies, or troops, and went away, one from another. (TA. [التَّمَايُزُ being there said to signify التَّحَزُّبُ وَالتَّنَافُرُ.])
[امتاز, and the other forms mentioned above, in the first sentence of the paragraph, as syn. with it, also signify It was, or became, distinguished, or discriminated, or discerned: in which sense, تميّز is the most common. You say also, فُلَانٌ تميّز بِٱلْكَرَمِ Such a one was, or became, distinguished by generosity. And الأَشْيَآءُ تَمَايَزَتِ and تُمَيَّزَت The things were, or became, distinguished, or discriminated, one from another; or distinct.]

مَيْزٌ

inf. n. of 1, q. v.
Also, High or elevated rank or condition or state [by which one is distinguished from others]. (TA.)

مِيزَةٌ

[The act of putting, or setting, apart, away, or aside; of removing, or separating]: a subst. from مَازَهُ. (TA.)
[Discrimination, or discernment: and hence,] understanding. (TA.)

رَجُلٌ مَيَّازٌ

, and مُمَيِّزٌ, [A man of much discrimination or discernment.] (A.)

مُمَيِّزٌ

[Distinguishing, or discriminating: and hence, a rational animal]. رَجُلٌ مُمَيِّزٌ: see مَيَّازٌ.