كذ كذب كذبن
كَذَبَ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. كَذِبٌ (a strange form of inf. n.; there being, accord. to Ḳz., only fourteen instances of it; as لَعِبٌ, and ضَحِكٌ, &c.; though there are many substantives of this measure; MF) and كِذْبٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ: accord. to Ibn-Es-Seed and others, this latter is formed from the former, by putting the second vowel of the former in the place of the first: MF) and كَذِبَةٌ (L) or كَذْبَةٌ (Ḳ) and كِذْبَهٌ (L, Ḳ) and كِذَابٌ and كِذَّابٌ (Ḳ: but this last, which is also assigned to كَذَبَ in the L, is, accord. to the Ṣ, which refers, for proof, to the Ḳur, ch. lxxviii. 28, one of the inf. ns. of كذّب: and Ks says, that the people of El-Yemen make the inf. n. of فعّل of the measure فِعَّالٌ, while the other Arabs make it تَفْعِيلٌ: TA) and, accord. to some, كُذْبٌ and كَذْبٌ (TA: but the latter of these two, though agreeable with analogy, is unheard: TA): see also كَذِبٌ, below: [He lied; uttered a falsehood; said what was untrue:] he gave an untrue account, or relation, of a thing, whether intentionally or unintentionally. (Mṣb) الكَذِبُ is of five kinds. - First, The relater's changing, or altering, what he hears; and his relating; as from others, what he does not know. This is the kind that renders one criminal, and destroys manly virtue. - Second, The saying what resembles a lie, not meaning anything but the truth. Such is meant in the trad., كَذَبَ إِبْرٰهِيمُ ثَلَاثَ كَذِبَاتٍ Abraham said three sayings resembling lies; he being veracious in the three. - Third, The saying what is untrue by mistake, or unintentionally; making a mistake; erring. This signification is frequent. - Fourth, The finding one's hopes false, or vain. - Fifth, The act of instigating, or inciting. (IAmb.) [See illustrations of these and other significations below; and see more voce صَدَقَ.] [You say] يَكْذِبُكَ مِنْ أَيْنَ جَاءَ [He will lie to thee even as to the place whence he comes.] (L, art. مح, and in many other places, following the similar phrase لَا يَصْدُقُكَ أَثَرَهُ, or أَثَرُهُ.) Lebeed says,
* اِكْذِبِ النَّفْسَ إِذَا حَدَّثْتَهَا *
Lie to the soul (i. e., to thy soul,) when thou talkest to it: i. e., say not to thy soul, Thou wilt not succeed in thine enterprise; for thy doing so will divert thee, or hinder thee, therefrom. A proverb. (Meyd, &c.)
كُذِبَ, pass., He was told a lie; a falsehood; or an untruth. (Ḳ.)
* كَذَبَ العَيْرُ وَإِنْ كَانَ بَرَحْ *
The wild ass hath lied, although he hath passed from right to left: [the doing which is esteemed unlucky:] or, [agreeably with explanations of كَذَبَ given below,] hath become languid, and within [the sportsman's] power, or reach, &c.: or keep to the wild ass, and hunt him, &c. A proverb, applied in the case of a thing that is hoped for, though difficult of attainment. (TA.)
كَذَبَتْ andكذّبت↓ ‡ She (a camel), being covered by the stallion, raised her tail, and then returned without conceiving. (En-Naḍr, Ḳ.)
كَذَبَ is said of other things than men [and animals]: as of lightning, [meaning † It gave a false promise of rain]: of a dream, an opinion, a hope, and a desire, [meaning, in each of these cases, † It proved false]. (TA.)
So also كَذَبَتِ العَيْنُ † The sense [i. e., the sight] of the eye deceived it. (TA.)
كَذَبَ الرَّأْىُ [† The judgment lied]; i. e., he imagined the thing contrary to its real state. (TA.) [See also صَدَقَ ظَنِّى]
كَذَبَتْكَ عَيْنُكَ ‡ Thine eye showed thee what had no reality. (TA.)
كَذَبَ لَبَنُ النَّاقَةِ, andكذّب↓, (the latter mentioned in the Ṣ,) ‡ The milk of the camel passed away, or failed. (Lḥ.)
كَذَبَ فِى سَيْرِهِ ‡ [He (a camel) became slack, or slow, in his pace: see 2]. (TA.)
كَذَبَ الحَرُّ ‡ The heat abated. (TA.)
See also 2. كَذَبَ He found his hopes to be false, or vain. (IAmb.) اُنْظُرْ كَيْفَ كَذَبُوا عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ, [Ḳur vi. 24, lit., See how they lied against themselves,] is said to signify see how their hope hath proved false, or vain. (TA.)
ظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ كُذِبُوا, [Ḳur xii. 110,] They (the apostles) thought that they had been disappointed of the fulfilment of the promise made to them. So accord. to one reading. Accord. to another reading, the verb is كُذِّبُوا↓: [in which case, the meaning of the words appears to be, “They knew that they had been pronounced liars” by the people to whom they were sent]. (TA.) There are also two other readings; كَذَّبُوا↓ and كَذَبُوا: accord. to the former, the verb refers to the people to whom the apostles were sent; and ظنّوا means “they knew:” accord. to the latter, the words mean, “They (the people above mentioned) thought that they (the apostles) had broken their promise.” (Jel.)
مَا كَذَبَ الفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى [The mind did not belie what he saw.] (Ḳur liii. 11.)
كَذَبَتْهُ نَفْسُهُ [His soul lied to him:] his soul made him to desire things, and to conceive hopes, that could scarcely come to pass. (Ḳ.) Hence the soul is called الكَذُوبُ. You say in the contr. case, صَذَقَتْهُ نفسه, and الكَذُوبُ. (TA.) See كَذُوبٌ, and art. صدق.
Hence, كَذَبَ عَلَيْهِ signifies It rendered him active, or brisk; animated him; instigated him; incited him; (Ḳ;) as also كَذَبَهُ. (Z.)
Hence, كَذَبَ and كَذَبَكَ and كَذَبَ عَلَيْكَ have sometimes the same signification, though not always the same government, as عَلَيْكَ, or اِلْزَمْ; Keep to; or take to. The noun following is put in the nom. case accord. to the dial. of El-Yemen; and in the acc. accord. to the dial. of Mudar; or, as some say, is correctly put in the nom. only. (TA.) You say, كَذَبَ عَلَيْكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا, meaning Keep to, or take to, such and such things. It is an extr. phrase. (ISk.) You also say, كَذَبْتُ عَلَيْكَ, meaning Keep thou to me: and كذبتُ عَلَيْكُمْ Keep ye to me. IAạr. cites the following verse of Khidásh Ibn-Zuheyr, [in which he tauntingly compares a people to ticks]:
* كَذَبْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَوْ عِدُونِى وَعَلِّلُوا ** بِىَ الأَرْضَ وَالأَقْوَامَ قِرْدَانَ مَوْظَبَا *
[Keep ye to me: threaten me, and soothe by (the mention of) me the land and the peoples, O ticks of Mowdhab!]: meaning Keep ye to me, and to satirizing me, when ye are on a journey, and traverse the land mentioning me. (TA.) In like manner, يَوْمُ الأَحَدِ والخَمِيسِ كَذَبَاكَ أَوْ يَوْمُ الإِثْنَيْنِ والثَّلَاثَاءِ, in a trad. respecting the proper days for being cupped, signifies Keep thou to Sunday and Thursday, or Monday and Tuesday. (IAth, Z.) The verb is thus used after the manner of a proverb, and is invariable [as to tense], being constantly in the pret. tense, connected [literally or virtually, when explained by عَلَيْكَ followed by the prep. ب, or by إِلْزَمْ,] only with the person addressed, and in the sense of the imperative. كذباك here [lit.] signifies Let them render thee active, or brisk, and animate thee, instigate thee, or incite thee. (Z.). [A trad. of ʼOmar, quoted below, presents another instance to which this signification is said to apply.]
Or كَذَبَ denotes instigation, or incitement, of the person addressed, to keep to the thing that is mentioned; as in the saying of the Arabs, كَذَبَ عَلَيْكَ العَسَلُ, meaning Eat thou honey: but the explanation of this is, (The relinquisher of) honey hath erred [to thee; i. e., in his representation of its evil qualites &c.; which is equivalent to saying, Eat, or keep to, honey]: العَسَلُ being put for تَارِكُ العَسَلِ. [See also 1 in art. عسل.] In like manner, the saying of ʼOmar, كَذَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الحَجُّ &c., (see below,) signifies Keep ye to the performance of the pilgrimage, &c.: [or (the relinquisher of) the pilgrimage hath erred to thee in his representation of it: therefore it means as above]. (IAmb.) Accord. to IAmb the noun signifying the object of instigation [which may also be called the cause thereof] cannot be rightly put in the acc. case: if so put, the verb is without an agent. (TA.) [But see what is said on this point in the remarks on the trad. of ʼOmar below.]
Or the verb in a case of this kind signifies أَمْكَنَ: thus, كَذَبَكَ الحَجُّ signifies The performance of the pilgrimage is possible, or practicable, to thee: therefore [it means] Perform thou the pilgrimage. (ISh.)
Or أَمْكَنَ is its original signification; and the meaning intended is Keep to; as in the ex. كَذَبَ العَتِيقُ. (Aạl.)
'Antarah, addressing his wife 'Ableh, says; or, accord. to some, the poet is Khuzaz Ibn-Lowdhán;
* كَذَبَ العَتِيقُ وَمَآءُ شَنٍّ بَارِدٌ ** إِنْ كُنْتِ سَائِلَتِى غَبُوقًا فَٱذْهَبِى *
(TA.) i. e., Keep thou to the eating of dates, and to the cool water of an old, worn-out, skin: if thou ask me for an evening's drink of milk, depart: for I have appropriated the milk to my colt, which is profitable to me, and may preserve me and thee: (L:) العتيق is in the nom. case accord. to the dial. of El-Yemen: but in the acc. accord. to that of Mudar. (TA.)
Er-Raḍee [reading العتيقَ] cites this verse as a proof that كَذَبَ, originally a verb, has become a verbal noun, signifying اِلْزَمْ. (TA.) But he is the only one who asserts it to be a verbal noun. (MF.)
Also, Mo'akkir El-Bárikee says,
* وَذُبْيَانِيَّةٍ أُوْصَتْ بَنِيهَا ** بِأَنْ كَذَبَ القَرَاطِفُ وَالقُرُوفُ *
And many a woman of Dhubyán charged her sons by [saying], Keep to the red garments (اكسية), and the bags (or receptacles) of leather tanned with pomegranate-bark. She charged them to take plenty of these two things as spoil from the tribe of Nemir, if they should prevail over them. (Aboo-ʼObeyd El-Kásim Ibn-Selám.)
كذب is also said to have the same meaning in the words of the trad. كَذَبَ النَّسَّابُونَ [Keep to those skilled in genealogy:] or Regard is to be had to what is said by those skilled in genealogy: another meaning to which is assigned below. (TA.)
It sometimes signifies It is incumbent, or obligatory. So in the following: (a trad. of ʼOmar: TA:) كَذَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الحَجُّ كَذَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ العُمْرَةُ كَذَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الجِهَادُ ثلَاثَةُ أَسْفَارٍ كَذَبْنَ عَلَيْكُمْ [The performance of the pilgrimage is incumbent on you: the performance of (the rites called) العمرة is incumbent on you: warring (for the sake of religion) is incumbent on you: three expeditions are incumbent on you]: (Ṣ,* Ḳ:) or كذب, here, is from كَذَبَتْهُ نَفْسُهُ, “his soul made him to desire things, and to conceive hopes, that could scarcely come to pass;” and the meaning is let [the expectation of the reward which will follow] the performance of the pilgrimage render thee active, or brisk, and animate thee, instigate thee, or incite thee, to the act: [and so of the rest of the trad.: but here I should observe, that, for لِيَكْذِبَكَ and لِيُنَشِّطَكَ and يَبْعَثَكَ, in the CK, we should read لِيَكْذِبْكَ &c.:] (Ḳ:)
or, as ISk says, كذب, here, seems to denote instigation, or incitement, meaning عَلَيْكُمْ بِهِ keep ye to it; and is an extr. word with respect to analogy: (Ṣ:)
accord. to Akh., الحجّ is governed in the nom. case by كذب; but as to the meaning, it is in the acc.; because the meaning is a command to perform the pilgrimage; as when you say, أَمْكَنَكَ الصَّيْدُ [“the game hath become within thy power, or reach”], meaning “shoot it,” or “cast at it:” (Ṣ:) he who puts الحجّ in the acc. case, [agreeably with one relation of the trad., TA,] makes عليك [or عليكم] a verbal noun; and in كذب is [implied] the pronoun which refers to الحجّ [and which is the agent of the verb]; (Ḳ;) or the agent is implied in كذب, and explained by what follows it; (Sb;) [so that] the meaning is كَذَبَ الحَجُّ عَلَيْكُمُ الحَجَّ: (Z:) or, [as shown above,] كذب is a verbal n., meaning الْزَمْ, and الحجّ is in the acc. case as governed by it: (Er-Raḍee:) though its being in the acc. case, accord. to some, is altogether unknown: (TA:)
[or the meaning is as stated before on the authority of ISh.:]
or the trad. means كَذَبَ عَلَيْكَ الحَجُّ إِنْ ذُكِرَ أَنَّهُ غَيْرُ كَافٍ هَادِمٍ لِمَا قَبْلَهُ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ [(the relinguisher of) the pilgrimage hath erred to thee if it have been spoken of (by him) as not sufficient, (and as not) abolishing the sins, or offences, (committed) before it: agreeably with the explanation by IAmb, given above]. (Ḳ.)
كَذَبَ He said what was false unintentionally; committed a mistake, or error. The verb is used in this sense by the people of El-Ḥijáz, and the rest of the Arabs have followed them in so using it. (Towsheeh.)
كَذَبَ is also said to signify He spoke truth; so as to bear two contr. meanings: and thus, كَذَبَ النَّسَّابُونَ may signify Those skilled in genealogy have spoken truth: but another explanation of this saying is given in this art. (MF, &c.)
كَذَبَتْ عَفَّاقَتُكَ [and the like] Thou brokest wind. (Ṣ in art. عفق.)
كذّبه, inf. n. تَكْذِيبٌ, (and كِذَّابٌ, TA, and تَكْذِبَةٌ [like تَجْرِبَةٌ &c.], occurring in the TA, voce لَهَبَةٌ, &c.) He made, or pronounced, him a liar; an utterer of falsehood; or a sayer of what was untrue: (Ḳ:) he attributed, or ascribed, to him lying, untruth, mendacity, or the speaking untruth: (Mṣb:) and (Mṣb) [accused him of lying:] he gave him the lie; said to him, “Thou hast lied,” &c. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) See also 4.
كذّب بِالأَمْرِ, inf. n. تَكْذِيبٌ and كِذَّابٌ (Ḳ: the latter inf. n. of the dial. of El-Yemen: Ks, Fr) and كِذَابٌ, (TA,) He rejected, disallowed, denied, disacknowledged, disbelieved in, or discredited, the thing; syn. أَنْكَرَهُ; (Ḳ;) as also كذّبهُ, andكَذَبَهُ↓. (Jel, liii. 11.) Ex. وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا كِذَّابًا [And they rejected our signs, with rejection: Ḳur, lxxviii. 28]. (Ṣ.) And كَذَّبَ الفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى, andكَذَبَ↓: see art. فأد, and see 1.
حَمَلَ فَمَا كَذّب, inf. n. تَكْذِيبٌ, ‡ He charged, and was not cowardly, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and did not retreat. (TA.) حَمَلَ ثُمَّ كذّب He charge, and then was cowardly, or did not charge with earnestness, or sincerity: (Ṣ:)
or falsified the opinion formed of him: or made a false charge. (A.) كذّب عَنَ قِرْنِهِ He charged, and then retreated from his adversary. (Sh.) كذّب القِتَالَ He was cowardly in fight. التَّكْذِيبُ in fighting is the contr. of الصِّدْقُ. (TA.)
كذّب السَّيْرَ [He slackened his pace, or became slow, after giving promise of being quick;] he did not proceed in his journey with energy. (TA.)
مَا كَذَّبَ أَنْ فَعَلَ كَذَا (so in the TA, and in a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ: in the CK, and in two copies of the Ṣ, مَا كَذَبَ:) ‡ He did not delay to do so: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) he was not cowardly and weak, and did not delay to do so. (TA.)
كذّب عَنْ أَمْرٍ قَدْ أَرَادَهُ ‡ He abstained, or desisted, or drew back by reason of fear, from a thing that he had desired to do. (Ḳ.)
كذّب (andكَذَبَ↓, TA,) † He (a wild beast) took a run, and then stopped to see what was behind him, (Ḳ,) whether he were pursued or not. (TA.)
كَاذَبْتُهُ, inf. n. مُكَاذَبَةٌ and كِذَابٌ, I lied, &c., to him, and he to me. (Ḳ,* TA.)
اكذبهُ He found him a liar; an utterer of falsehood; or a sayer of what was untrue: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he said to him, “Thou hast lied”: &c.: (TA:) or this verb bears the former of these two significations, andكذّبه↓ signifies the latter: (Ṣ:) or اكذبه signifies he shewed him that he had told a lie, &c.: (Zj:) or اكذبه signifies he announced that he had told, or related, a lie, &c.: andكذّبه↓, he announced his being a liar, &c.: (Ks, Ṣ:) or اكذبه andكذّبه↓ are syn.: but the former sometimes signifies he incited, urged, or induced, him to lie, &c. (a signification assigned to it in the Ḳ): and sometimes, he made manifest, or proved, his lying, &c. (a signification also assigned to it in the Ḳ): and he found him a liar, &c. (Th, Ṣ,* TA.)
اكذب, inf. n. إِكْذَابٌ, ‡ He, being called to, or shouted to, remained silent, feigning to be asleep. (AA, Ḳ.)
تكدّب He affected lying: or he lied purposely (تَكَلَّفَ الكَذِبَ). (Ṣ, Ḳ.) He told a lie; [like كَذَب.] (MA, KL.) [See also an instance in which it is trans., meaning He spoke falsely, voce تزعّم.]
تكذّبهُ, (Ḳ,) and تكذّب عَلَيْهِ, (TA,) He asserted that he was a liar. (Ḳ.) Aboo-Bekr Es-Siddeek says,
* رَسُولٌ أَتَاهُمْ صَادِقًا فَتَكَذَّبُوا ** عَلَيْهِ وَقَالُوا لَسْتَ فِينَا بِمَا كِثِ *
[An apostle came to them, speaking truth; but they brought a charge of lying against him, or asserted him to be a liar, and said, Thou shalt not stay among us]. (TA.)
تكاذبوا They lied, &c., one to another. (Ṣ.) See also تَصَادَقَا.
كَذْبٌ and كَذِبٌ and كَذَبٌ and كُذْبٌ i. q. كَدْبٌ &c. (Ḳ, art. كدب.)
كَذِبٌ andأُكْذُوبَةٌ↓ [pl. أَكَاذِيبُ] (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكُذْبَى↓ andمَكْذُوبٌ↓ (Ḳ: this last a pass. part. n. used in the sense of an inf. n., as is said to be done in only four other instances: MF) andمَكْذُوبَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ: a fem. pass. part. n. which is less used in this manner than a masc.: TA [or perhaps an inf. n., as its contr. مَصْدُوقَةٌ is said to be:]) andمَكْذَبَةٌ↓ (Ḳ: a meemee inf. n. agreeable with analogy: TA) andمُكْذُبَةٌ↓ (CK: omitted in a MṢ. copy, and in the TA) andكَاذِبَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكُذْبَانٌ↓ andكُذَّابٌ↓ (Ḳ) andتَكْذَابٌ↓ (L, art. مسح,) are synonymous: (Ṣ, Ḳ) [all of these are regarded by some as inf. ns., signifying The act of lying; uttering a falsehood; or saying what is untrue: by others, all but the first seem to be regarded as simple substantives, signifying a lie; a falsehood; an untruth; a fiction; a fable: and the first, being an inf. n., is often used as a subst.]
إِنَّ بَنِى نُمَيْرٍ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ مَكْذُوبَةٌ↓ [Verily no lying, or lie, is attributable to the sons of Numeyr] is related as a phrase of the Arabs. (Fr.)
إِنَّ بَنِى فُلَانٍ لَيْسَ لِحَدِّهِمٌ مَكْذُوبَةٌ↓; i. e., كَذِبٌ; [Verily no falsity is attributable to the valour of the sons of such a one]. (Ṣ.)
لَيْسَ لِوَقْعَتِهَا كَاذِبَةٌ↓ [Ḳur lvi. 2,] signifies There shall be no rejecting its happening [as a falsity]: كاذبة being here an inf. n.: (Fr) or كاذبة is here a subst. put in the place of an inf. n., like عَاقِبَةٌ and عَافِيةٌ and بَاقِيَةٌ. (Ṣ.)
لَا مُكْذَبَةَ↓, andلا كُذْبَى↓, andلا كُذْبَانَ↓, I do not accuse thee of lying; or make thee a liar: (TA:) [and in like manner] لَا كُذْبَ لَكَ, and لا كُذْبَى لَكَ, signify لا تَكْذِيبَ There is no accusing thee of lying; or making thee a liar. (Lb.)
تَكَاذِيبُ↓ الشِّعْرِ [The lies of poetry]. (TA.)
جَاؤُوا عَلَى قَمِيصِهِ بِدَمٍ كَذِبٍ, [Ḳur xii. 18, They brought, upon his shirt, false blood]: كذب here means مَكْذُوبٍ↓: (Fr and Abu-l- ʼAbbás:) or is for ذِى كَذِبٍ, meaning مَكْذُوبٍ فِيهِ: (Zj:) or the blood is termed كذب because he (Jacob) was told a lie thereby. (Akh.) See another reading in art. كدب.
كُذْبَى: see كَذِبٌ.
كَذْبَانٌ: see كَاذِبٌ.
كُذْبَانٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
الكَذُوبُ and الكَذُوبَةُ ‡ Names of the soul. (AZ, Ḳ.) See 1.
صَدَقَتْهُ الكَدُوبُ, [The soul (i. e. his soul) told him truth:] the soul diverted him, or hindered him, or held him back, from an undertaking, causing him to imagine himself unable to prosecute it. (TA.) One says so of a man who threatens another, and then belies himself, and is cowardly and weak. (AA.) Fr cites this hemistich:
* حَتَّى إِذَا مَا صَدَقَتْهُ كُذُبُهْ *
Until, when his souls told him the truth, or diverted him, &c.: the poet assigning souls to the person spoken of because of the several opinions of the soul. (TA.)
كَذَّابٌ: see كَاذِبٌ.
كُذَّابٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
كَذَّابَةٌ † A piece of cloth that is dyed of various colours, or figured, as though it were embroidered, and stuck to the ceiling of a chamber: so called because one would imagine that it [meaning what is figured] is upon the ceiling, whereas it is upon a piece of cloth beneath the ceiling. (A, L.)
كَاذِبٌ andكَذَّابٌ↓ (fem. with ة, TA,) andكَذُوبٌ↓ andكُذَبَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكَذُوبَةٌ↓ andتِكِذَّابٌ↓ (like تِصِدَّاقٌ, TA) andكَذْبَانٌ↓ (Ḳ) andكَيْذُبَانٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكَيْذَبَانٌ↓ (Az, Ḳ) andمَكْذَبَانٌ↓ andمَكْذَبَانَةٌ↓ andكُذُبْذُبٌ↓ andكُذُّبْذُبٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ; neither of which last two words has its like in measure, IJ) andكُذُبْذُبَانٌ↓ (Ḳ) epithets, applied to a man, from كَذَبَ “he lied, &c.:” (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.:) [the first word a simple epithet, signifying Lying, &c.; or a liar: each of the others an intensive epithet, signifying Lying, &c., much; mendacious; or a great, or habitual, liar]. Pl. of the first word [كَاذِبُونَ and] كُذَّبٌ; and of the third, كُذُبٌ: (Ṣ:) or, accord. to some, the last is pl. of كَاذِبٌ, contr. to analogy; or pl. of كِذَابٌ, which is an inf. n. used as an intensive epithet. (MF.)
نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ, [in the Ḳur xcvi. 16,] signifies ناصيةٍ كاذبةٍ صَاحِبُهَا [By] a forelock whose owner is a liar. (TA.)
Of the same kind is the expression رُؤْيَا كَذُوبٌ↓, meaning رؤيا صَاحِبُهَا كَاذِبٌ [A dream whereof the dreamer finds it to be false, or vain; i. e. a false, or vain, dream]. (TA.) [See also a verse cited voce خَيَالٌ.]
إِنَّ الكَذُوبَ↓ قَدْ يَصْدُقُ [Verily the habitual liar in some few instances speaks truth]. A proverb. (TA.)
نَاقَةٌ كَاذِبٌ, andمُكَذِّبٌ↓, ‡ A she-camel that, being covered by the stallion, raises her tail, and then returns without conceiving. (En-Naḍr, Ḳ.)
حَمْلَةٌ كَاذِبَةٌ, andمَكْذُوبَةٌ↓ [لَهَا? (see مَصْدُوقَةٌ),] ‡ A charge that is followed up with cowardice and retreating. (TA.)
الكَذَّابَانِ An epithet applied to Museylimeh El-Hanafee and El-Aswad El-'Ansee. (Ḳ.) [Each of them is called الكذّاب.]
أَكْذَبُ [More and most, lying, or mendacious]: see an ex. voce سُهَيْلَة.
أُكْذُوبَةٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
تَكْذَابٌ and تَكَاذِيبُ: see كَذِبٌ.
مَكْذَبَةٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
مُكْذُبَةٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
مَكْذُوبٌ: see كَذِبٌ
[One to whom a lie, falsehood, or untruth, is told: see كُذِبَ.] Ex.
* كُلُّ ٱمْرِئٍ بِطَوَالِ العَيْشِ مَكْذُوبُ *
Every man, in respect of the length of life, is lied to [by his own soul]. A proverb. (Meyd, &c.)
قَوْلٌ مَكْذُوبٌ [originally مَكْذُوبٌ فِيهِ] A false saying, or lie; [lit.] a saying in which a falsehood, or lie, is told. (M, TA, voce مَقْتُوتٌ.)
مَكْذُوبَةٌ: see كَذِبٌ.
A weak woman. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
A virtuous woman. (TA.)
مَكَاذِبُ [signifying lies, falsehoods, or untruths,] is said to be a word that has no proper sing.: or it is pl. of كَذِبٌ, contr. to analogy: or its sing. is مَكْذَبٌ: like as is said of مَحَاسِنُ and مَذَاكِرُ &c. (MF.)