صدف صدق صدل
1. ⇒ صدق
صَدَقَ, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ
صَدَقَ الوَحْشِىُّ: see 2, near the end.
2. ⇒ صدّق
صدّقهُ, (Ṣ, M, O, &c.,) inf. n. تَصْدِيقٌ, contr. of كَذَّبَهُ. (O,* Ḳ.) [This explanation implies several meanings here following.] He attributed, or ascribed, to him truth, veracity, or the speaking truth. (Mṣb.) And He said to him, “Thou hast spoken truth.” (Mṣb.) He accepted, or admitted, [or assented to, or believed,] what he said: (M:) you say, صدّقهُ فِى حَدِيثِهِ [He accepted,, &c., what he said in his information, or narration]: (Ṣ:) and you say صدّق بِلِسَانِهِ [He assented to the truth of what was said with his tongue]; as well as بِقَلْبِهِ [with his heart, or mind]. (T in art. اَمن.) He held him to be a speaker of truth. (MA.) [He found him to be a speaker of truth. He, or it, proved him to be a speaker of truth; verified him; or confirmed the truth of what he said: see an ex. in a verse cited voce بَيْنٌ.] He found it (an opinion) to be true, or veritable. (Ksh and Bḍ and Jel, in xxxiv. 19.) He verified it; confirmed its truth; or proved it to be true, or veritable; i. e. an opinion [&c.]; syn. حَقَّقَهُ: (Ksh and Bḍ, ibid.:) one says, صَدَّقَ الخَبَرَ الخُبْرُ [The trial, proof, or test, verified the information]. (Ṣ in art. خبر.) See 1, near the end. In the saying in the Ḳur [xxxix. 34], وَٱلَّذِى جَآءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ, [which seems to be best rendered But he who hath brought the truth and he who hath accepted it as the truth, (see كَذَّبَ بِالأَمْرِ,)] ʼAlee the son of Aboo-Tálib is related to have said that by الذى جآء بالصدق is meant Moḥammad; and by الذى صدّق به, Aboo-Bekr: or, as some say, Gabriel and Moḥammad [are meant by the former and the latter respectively]: or by the former, Moḥammad; and by the latter, [every one of] the believers: (M:) accord. to Er-Rághib, by وصدّق به is meant and hath found, or proved, to be true (حَقَّقَ) that which he hath brought by word, by that which he hath aimed at (بِمَا تَحَرَّاهُ) by deed. (TA.)
صدّق is also said to signify He said, “This thing is the truth;” like حَقَّقَ. (TA in art. حق.)
And this verb also denotes المُبَالَغَةُ فِى الصِّدْقِ: thus in the saying,
* صَدَّقَتْ فِيهِمْ ظُنُونِى *
[My opinions respecting them were, or proved to be, very true or correct]. (Ksh, in xxxiv. 19.)
صدّق الوَحْشِىُّ, (O, Ḳ, TA,) orصَدَقَ↓, (so in a copy of the M,) ‡ The wild animal ran without looking aside, when charged upon, or attacked: (M, O, Ḳ, TA:) mentioned by IDrd. (O, TA.)
صَدَّقَهُمْ He exacted from them the poor-rate. (TA. [See صَدَقَةٌ.])
3. ⇒ صادق
صَادَقْتُهُ, (M,) inf. n. مُصَادَقَةٌ (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ) and صِدَاقٌ, (M, O, Ḳ,) the latter like كِتَابٌ, (TA, [in the CK erroneously written صَداق,]) I acted, or associated, with him as a friend, or as a true, or sincere, friend. (Ṣ,* M, O,* Ḳ.*) [See also 6.]
4. ⇒ اصدق
اصدق المَرْأَةَ He named for the woman a صَدَاق [or dowry]: (Ṣ, M,* O, Ḳ:) or he gave her her صَدَاق: (M,* Mṣb:) or he appointed her, or assigned her, a صَدَاق, on taking her as his wife: (TA:) and he married her, or took her as his wife, on the condition of his giving her a صَدَاق. (Mṣb.) And sometimes this verb is doubly trans.; whence, in a trad., مَا ذَا تُصْدِقُهَا فَقَالَ إِزَارِى [It was said, “What is it that thou meanest for her, or givest her, as her dowry?” and he said, “My waist-wrapper”]. (Mgh.)
5. ⇒ تصدّق
تصدّق عَلَيْهِ He gave him (i. e. the poor, Mgh, Mṣb) what is termed صَدَقَة, (M, Mgh, Mṣb,) meaning [an alms, or] what is given for the sake of God, (M,) or what is given with the desire of obtaining a recompense from God: (M,* Mgh:) andصَدَّقَ↓ عليه signifies the same; (M, TA;) and in this sense صدّق is [said by some to be] used in the Ḳur lxxv. 31. (TA.) Hence, in the Ḳur [xii. 88], وَتَصَدَّقْ عَلَيْنَا: (TA:) or this means † And do thou confer a favour upon us by giving that which is [not like the mean merchandise that we have brought, but of middling quality,] between good and bad. (M.) One says, تَصَدَّقْتُ بِكَذَا, meaning I gave such a thing as a صَدَقَة. (Mṣb.) See an ex. voce شِقٌّ. The saying, in a trad., إِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ تَصَدَّقَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِثُلُثِ أَمْوَالِكُمْ, meaning ‡ [Verily God] hath conferred a favour [upon you by giving you a third of your possessions to bequeath to whom ye will], if correct, is tropical. (Mgh.)
It is said by Ibn-Es-Seed, on the authority of AZ and IJ, and mentioned by IAmb, that تصدّق signifies also He asked, or begged, for what is termed صَدَقَة [or alms]: but Fr and Aṣ and others disallow the beggar's being called مُتَصَدِّق: (Az, TA:) IḲt says that the verb is improperly used in this sense by the vulgar: (Mṣb:) [and accord. to J and Ṣgh,] one says, مَرَرْتُ بِرَجُلٍ يَسْأَلُ, and one should not say يَتَصَدَّقُ. (Ṣ, O.)
6. ⇒ تصادق
تَصَادُقٌ signifies The acting, or associating, as friends, or as true, or sincere, friends, one with another. (Ḳ. [See also 3.]) And I. q. صِدْقٌ: (TA:) [or rather mutual صِدْق; contr. of تَكَاذُبٌ:] one says, تَصَادَقَا فِى الحَدِيثِ and فِى المَوَدَّةِ (Ṣ, O, TA) They were true, or sincere, each to the other, in information, or narration, and in love, or affection; contr. of تَكَاذَبَا. (O, TA.)
صَدْقٌ is an inf. n. of صَدَقَ [q. v.]: (M, Ḳ:)
and is used as an epithet, applied to a man, &c.: (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ, TA:) [and]صِدْقٌ↓ [also, if not a mistranscription for صَدْقٌ,] is an inf. n. used as an epithet, applied to a man and to a woman: (so in a copy of the M and in the TA:) [it is said that] the former signifies Hard, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb,) applied to a spear, (Ṣ, M, O,) and to other things: (M:) or even, or straight; (Ṣ, O;) or it signifies thus also, applied to a spear, and to a sword: (M:) or hard and even or straight, applied to a spear, (Ḳ, TA,) and to a man, (Ḳ,) or to the latter as meaning hard: or, as IB says, on the authority of IDrst, it is not from hardness, but means combining those qualities that are commended; and it is applied to a spear as meaning long and pliant and hard, and the like; and to a man, and to a woman likewise [without ة, but see what follows], as meaning true in hardness and strength and goodness; for, IDrst says, if it meant hard, one would say حَجَرٌ صَدْقٌ and حَدِيدٌ صَدْقٌ, which one does not: (TA:) and, applied to anything, (O, Ḳ, TA,) it means complete, or perfect, (Kh, O, Ḳ, TA,) thus applied to a man, (TA,) such as is commended; (O;) fem. with ة
* مَقْذُوذَةُ الآذَانِ صَدْقَاتُ الحَدَقْ *
meaning [Rounded, as though pared, in the ears,] penetrating in the eyes; (O, TA;) which is [said to be] tropical. (TA.) صَدْقٌ signifies also Firm, or steady, in encounter, or conflict: (M:) or one says صَدْقُ اللِّقَآءِ, applying this epithet to a man, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) meaning thus: (TA:) and صَدْقُ النَّظَرِ [firm, or steady, in look]. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA. [Said in the TA to be tropical.])
صِدْقٌ is an inf. n. of صَدَقَ [q. v.]: (M, Ḳ, &c.:) or a simple subst., (Ḳ,) signifying [Truth; veracity; or] agreement of what is said with what is conceived in the mind and with the thing told of, together; otherwise it is not complete صِدْق, as expl. above in the first paragraph of this art. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
It is also syn. with شِدَّةٌ [meaning Hardness; firmness, compactness, or soundness; strength, power, or force; vigour, robustness, sturdiness, or hardiness; and courage, bravery, or firmness of heart]: (Ḳ, TA: [in the latter of which it is said to be tropical; but this is evidently not the case accord. to the O, in which it is said that it radically denotes قُوَّةٌ (i. e. strength, force,, &c.,) in a saying, &c.: in the Ḳ it is implied by the context that it is syn. with شِدَّة when used as the complement of a prefixed n. in instances mentioned in what here follows: but Ṣgh says, more correctly,]) a noun signifying anything to which goodness is attributed is prefixed to صِدْق, governing it in the gen. case; so that one says (O) رَجُلُ صِدْقٍ (Sb, M, O, Ḳ) [A man of good nature or disposition or character, &c.], contr. of رَجُلُ سَوْءٍ; (Sb, M;) and صَدِيقُ صِدْقٍ [a friend of good nature, &c.]; (O, Ḳ;) and likewise اِمْرَأَةُ صِدْقٍ [a woman of good nature, &c.]; (Ḳ;) and in like manner also حِمَارُ صِدْقٍ [an ass of a good kind]; (Sb, M, Ḳ;) and ثَوْبُ صِدْقٍ [a garment, or piece of cloth, of good quality]. (Sb, M.) The saying in the Ḳur [x. 93], (O,) وَلَقَدْ بَوَّأْنَا بَنِى اِسْرَائِيلَ مُبَوَّأَ صِدْقٍ means And verily we assigned to the Children of Israel a good place of abode. (O, Ḳ.)
صَدْقَةٌ: see صَدَاقٌ; each in two places.
صُدْقَةٌ: see صَدَاقٌ; each in two places.
صَدَقَةٌ [An alms; i. e.] a gift (Ṣ, M, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) to the poor (Ṣ, O, Mṣb) for the sake of God, (M, Ḳ,) or to obtain a recompense from God; (M,* Mgh, Ḳ;*) a portion which a man gives forth from his property by way of propitiation, [to obtain the favour of God,] like زَكَاةٌ, except that the former is primarily applied to such as as is supererogatory, and the latter to such as is obligatory: but it is said to be applied to such as is obligatory [i. e. to the زَكَاة, q. v., meaning the poor-rate, which is the portion, or amount, of property, that is given therefrom, as the due of God, by its possessor, to the poor, according to a fixed rate,] when the person who does so aims at conformity with the truth in his deed: (Er-Rághib, TA:) [in this latter sense, which is indicated in the Ṣ and O, &c., and more plainly in the M, it is very frequently used:] and thus it is used in the Ḳur ix. 104, and in like manner its pl. in ix. 60: (Er-Rághib, TA:) the pl. is صَدَقَاتٌ. (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., لَا صَدَقَةَ فِى الإِبِلِ الجَارَّةِ [There is no poorrate in the case of working camels], because they are the riding-camels of the people; for the poorrate is in the case of pasturing camels, exclusively of the working. (Ṣ in art. جر.)
صَدُقَةٌ: see صَدَاقٌ, in two places.
صُدُقَةٌ: see the next paragraph.
صَدَاقٌ andصِدَاقٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the former of which is the most common of the dial. vars. here mentioned, (Mṣb,) [but] the latter is [said to be] more chaste than the former, (Mgh,) andصَدُقَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the dial. of El-Ḥijáz, (Mṣb,) andصُدْقَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the dial. of Temeem, (Mṣb,) andصَدْقَةٌ↓ (M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) andصُدُقَةٌ↓ (M, O, Ḳ) andصَدَقَةٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) The مَهْر (Ṣ, M, Mgh, O, Ḳ) of a woman; (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) [i. e. a dowry; nuptial gift; or gift that is given to, or for, a bride:] the pl. of صداق is صُدُقٌ, (M, Mgh, Mṣb,) a pl. of mult., (M,) or صُدْقٌ, (O,) or both, (Ḳ,) and أَصْدِقَةٌ, a pl. of pauc., (M,) or this is accordant to analogy, but has not been heard; (Mgh;) the pl. ofصَدُقَةٌ↓ is صَدُقَاتٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) the pl. ofصُدْقَةٌ↓ is صُدْقَاتٌ and صُدَقَاتٌ and صُدُقَاتٌ, (O,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) which last is the worst; (Ḳ;) and the pl. ofصَدْقَةٌ↓ is صُدَقٌ, (Mṣb,) or صَدْقَاتٌ [by rule صَدَقَاتٌ]. (O.)
صِدَاقٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
صَدُوقٌ Having the quality of speaking, saying, uttering, or telling, truth, or truly, or veraciously, in a high, or an eminent, degree; very, or eminently, true or veracious: (Mṣb:) pl. صُدُقٌ and صُدْقٌ. (Ḳ.) See also أَصْدَقُ.
صَدِيقٌ A friend: (O, Ḳ:) or a true, or sincere, friend: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, TA:) applied likewise to a female, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) as also صَدِيقَةٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the former anomalous, the latter regular; (MF;) and to a pl. number, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) as in the Ḳur xxvi. 101 (M) [and in several other instances, of which see one in a verse cited voce رَوِىٌّ]: its proper pl. is أَصْدِقَآءُ (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ) and صُدَقَآءُ and صُدْقَانٌ, (M, Ḳ,) the last on the authority of Fr, (TA,) and أَصَادِقُ, (M, O, Ḳ,) which is a pl. pl., (Ḳ,) said by IDrd to be anomalous, unless it be a pl. pl.: (O:) and the dim. is صُدَيِّقٌ↓; one says, هُوَ صُدَيِّقِى, meaning He is the most special, or most distinguished, of my friends, or of my true, or sincere, friends. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
صَدَاقَةٌ Love, or affection: (Ḳ:) or truth, or sincerity, of love or affection: (TA:) or friendship, or friendliness; (Ṣ, M;) or true, or sincere, friendship or friendliness: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb:) or true firmness of heart in love or affection; an attribute of a human being only. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
صُدَيِّقٌ dim. of صَدِيقٌ, q. v. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
صِدِّيقٌ One who speaks, says, utters, or tells, truth, or truly, or veraciously, much, or often: (Mgh, O, Ḳ:) [or rather having the quality of speaking, saying, uttering, or telling, truth, or truly, or veraciously, in a very high, or very eminent, degree; for] it has a more intensive signification than صَدُوقٌ [q. v.]: (TA:) or i. q. مُصَدِّقٌ [which may have the latter of the two meanings expl. above, or may mean one who accepts, or admits, the truth of what is said, or who verifies,, &c.: or مُصَدِّق in a high, or an eminent, degree; for it is added that] the fem. as used in the Ḳur v. 79 means superlative in الصِّدْق and التَّصْدِيق; as a possessive epithet, i. e. ذَاتُ تَصْدِيقٍ: (M:) or it signifies دَائِمُ التَّصْدِيقِ [i. e. always مُصَدِّق in one or another or all of the senses assigned to this word above: it may be correctly rendered eminently, or always, veracious: and eminently, or always, accepting, or confirming, the truth]: and it may mean one who verifies his saying by deed, or act: (Ṣ:) it is said in the “Mufradát” [of Er-Rághib] that it has the first of the meanings expl. in this paragraph: or rather means, one who never lies: or rather, one by whom lying cannot be practised because of his habitual veracity: or rather, one who is true in his saying and his belief, and who confirms his truth by his deed, or acting. (TA.)
صَادِقٌ Speaking, saying, uttering, or telling, truth, or truly, or veraciously; true in respect of speech, &c., or veracious. (Mṣb, TA.)
صِدْقٌ صَادِقٌ is a phrase like شِعْرٌ شَاعِرٌ, meaning Eminent, and exalted, veracity. (M, TA.*)
And حَمْلَةٌ صَادِقَةٌ [A charge, or an assault, made with earnestness, not with a false show of bravery,] is like the saying [in the contr. case] حَمْلَةٌ كَاذِبَةٌ. (M, TA:* said in the latter to be tropical.) See also مَصْدَق, in two places.
One says also تَمْرٌ صَادِقُ الحَلَاوَةِ, meaning Very sweet dates. (IDrd, O.)
And بَرْدٌ صَادِقٌ Vehement, or intense, cold. (TA voce بَحْتٌ, &c.)
الصَّيْدَقُ The small star cleaving to the middle one of [those called] بَنَاتُ نَعْشٍ الكُبْرَى [which compose the tail of Ursa Major]; (Kr, M, TA;) [i. e. the star called السُّهَا, q. v.; for] it is said that the first of بنات نعش الكبرى, that is at the extremity thereof, is named القَائِدُ; and the second is العَنَاقُ, and by the side of it is a small star named السُّهَا and الصَّيْدَقُ; and the third is الحَوَرُ: (O:) or, accord. to AA, (O, TA,) the pole-star (القُطْبُ). (O, Ḳ, TA. [But this is strange; and the more so as it is added in the Ḳ that it is expl. in art. قود; for the explanation in that art. (though not free from obvious mistakes) identifies الصَّيْدَقُ with السُّهَا.])
And, (Ḳ,) accord. to Sh, (O, TA,) it signifies الأَمِينُ [The trusted, trusted in, or confided in,, &c.]. (O, Ḳ. [But it is added in the O that Sh cites a verse of Umeiyeh Ibn-Abi- s-Salt in which الأَمِينُ is applied as an epithet to the star called الصَيدق.])
And, (Ḳ,) accord. to some, as AA says, (O,) it signifies The king. (O, Ḳ.)
فَعَلَهُ فِى غِبِّ صَادِقَةٍ [in the CK فَعَلَهُ غِبَّ صادِقَةٍ] means He did it after the affair, or case, had become manifest to him. (IDrd, O, Ḳ, TA.)
صُنْدُوقٌ, mentioned in this art. in the Ṣ and Mṣb: see art. صندق.
أَصْدَقُ [More, and most, true or veracious]. One says أَصْدَقُ مِنْ قَطَاةٍ [More veracious than a katáh]; because the bird thus called cries قَطَا قَطَا; [thus telling where it is to be found;] its name being imitative of its cry: (Meyd, and TA in art. قطو:) hence it is called by the Arabs الصَّدُوقُ↓: the saying is a prov. (Meyd.)
ذُو مَصْدَقٍ, (JK, Ṣ, M, O,) with fet-ḥ, (Ṣ,) orذُو مِصْدَقٍ↓ like مِنْبَر, (Ḳ,) applied to a man, (JK, M,) [i. e.] applied to a courageous man, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) meansصَادِقُ↓ الحَمْلَةِ [Earnest, not making a false show of bravery, in the charge, or assault]; (JK, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) or courageous [in the charge, or assault]: (JK:) مَصَادِقُ, occurring in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb, may be for ذَوُو مَصَادِقَ; or it may be an anomalous pl. of صِدْقٌ [used as an epithet], like مَلَامِحُ and مَشَابِهُ [pls. of لَمْحَةٌ and شَبَهٌ]. (M.) Also, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) applied to a horse, (M,) [i. e.] applied to a fleet and excellent horse, (Ṣ, O,) in like manner, (M,) meaningصَادِقُ↓ الجَرْىِ [Earnest in running]; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as though fulfilling his promise of running: (Ṣ, O: [said in the TA to be tropical:]) Khufáf Ibn-Nudbeh says,
* إِذَا مَا ٱسْتَحَمَّتْ أَرْضُهُ مِنْ سَمَائِهِ ** جَرَى وَهْوَ مَوْدُوعٌ وَوَاعِدُ مَصْدَقِ *
meaning When his hoofs are wetted with the sweat of his upper parts, he runs, being left to himself, not beaten nor chidden, and a fulfiller of his promise to do his utmost. (Ṣ, O.) And sometimes it is applied to an opinion, in like manner [as meaning True, or sincere]. (M.)
مَصْدَقٌ also signifies Hardness. (Th, M.)
Also i. q. حَدٌّ [as meaning The edge of a sword]: (TA:) [in a copy of the M written جِدّ, which I think an evident mistake; for it is added,] and it is said to have this meaning in a verse of Dureyd Ibn-Eṣ-Ṣimmeh [relating to a sword]. (M, TA.)
مِصْدَق: see the next preceding paragraph
مُصَدَّقٌ A man from whom the poor-rate (صَدَقَة) of his cattle is exacted. (TA.)
مُصَدِّقٌ One who accepts, admits, assents to, or believes, another in his information, or narration. (Ṣ, TA.)
Also The exactor, or collector, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) of the صَدَقَات, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) i. e. (TA) of the حُقُوق [or dues, meaning poor-rates], (M, TA,) of the cattle, (Mṣb,) or of the sheep or goats, (Ṣ, M, O, TA,) and of the camels, (M, O, TA,) for the persons to whom pertain the shares [thereof]. (TA.)
مُصَّدِّقٌ: see مُتَصَدِّقٌ.
مِصْدَاقٌ A thing that confirms, or proves, the truth of a thing: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [and] a verbal evidence of the truth, or veracity, of a man. (Ḥar p. 106.) One says, هٰذَا مِصْدَاقُ هٰذَا This is what confirms, or proves, the truth of this. (Ṣ.) And شَىْءٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ مِصْدَاقٌ [A thing having nothing to verify it]. (IAạr, TA in art. برق.)
مَصْدُوقَةٌ [see 1, near the beginning]. One says لَيْسَ لِحَمْلَتِهِ مَصْدُوقَةٌ [meaning There is no earnestness attributable to his charge, or assault]; like as one says [in the contr. case], ليس لَهَا مَكْذُوبَةٌ. (M.)
مُتَصَدِّقٌ One who gives what is termed صَدَقَة [meaning alms]: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) accord. to Kh, it means thus, and also one who asks [alms]; (O, TA;) and IAmb says the like; but Az says that the skilful of the grammarians disallow this; and thus say Fr and Aṣ and others: (TA:) [J, also, and Ṣgh and Fei, say that] it has only the former meaning: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb:) it is also pronounced مُصَّدِّقٌ↓, by substitution [of ص for ت] and incorporation [of one ص into the other]; (Ṣ,* O,* Mṣb, Ḳ;*) and this pronunciation of the pl. both masc. and fem. occurs in the Ḳur lvii. 17, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) where Ibn-Ketheer and Aboo-Bekr, differing from others, read without teshdeed to the ص. (O.)