, aor. كَثُرَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. كَثْرَةٌ (Mṣb, TA) and كِثْرَةٌ, or this is erroneous, (Mṣb,) [and perhaps كُثْرَةٌ, and كُثْرٌ, or these are simple substs., (see كَثْرَةٌ, below,)] and كَثَارَةٌ, (TA,) It was, or became, much, copious, abundant, many, numerous, great in number or quantity; it multiplied; it accumulated. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) كَثُرُوا عَلَيْهِ فَغَلَبُوهُ [They multiplied against him and overcame him.] (TA in art. غرق). [كَثُرَ مِنْهُ كَذَا Such a thing proceeded from him, or was done by him, much, or often.] See also 4.
كَاثَرُوهُمْ فَكَثَرُوهُمْ: see 3.
, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. of the former, مُكَاثَرَةٌ, (Ṣ,) [and aor. of the latter, accord. to analogy, كَثُرَ,] They contended with them for superiority in number, and overcame them therein, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) or surpassed, or exceeded, them in number. (TA.)
He made it much, abundant, many, or numerous, he multiplied it; as also ↓
كثّرهُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. تَكْثِيرٌ. (Ḳ.)
أَكْثَرْتُ مِنَ الشَّىْءِ and مِنْهُ ↓
استكثرتُ signify the same; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) i. e., أَكْثَرْتُ فِعْلَهُ [I did the thing much; lit., I made the doing of it much]: or أَكْثَرْتُ مِنَ الأَكْلِ وَنَحْوِهِ [I ate, and the like, much] presents an instance of pleonasm, [being for أَكْثَرْتُ الأَكْلَ وَنَحْوَهُ,] accord. to the opinion of the Koofees: or it is an instance of explication [of the vague signification of the verb], accord. to the opinion of the Basrees; the objective complement being suppressed, and the complete phrase being أَكْثَرْتُ الفِعْلَ مِنَ الأَكْلِ: and so in the like cases. (Mṣb.) [You say also أَكْثَرَ فِى الكَلَامِ He spoke, or talked, much; was profuse, or immoderate, in speech, or talk. And in like manner, فِى الأَمْرِ ↓
كَثُرَ He did, acted, or occupied himself, much in the affair.]
اكثر [as an intrans. v.] signifies أَتَى بِكَثِيرٍ [He brought, or he did, or he said, much]. (Ḳ.)
Also, [He became rich; he abounded in property;] his property became much, or abundant. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
اكثر It (a palm-tree) produced, or put forth, its طَلْع [or spadix], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e., its كَثَر, whence the verb. (TA.)
[مَا أَكْثَرَ مَالَهُ How abundant is his wealth! or how numerous are his cattle!]
[He endeavoured to acquire much, or abundance, of a thing]. You say تكثّر مِنَ العِلْمِ لِيَحْفَظَ [He endeavoured to acquire much knowledge, in order that he might preserve it in his memory]. And تَكثّر مِنْهُ لِيَفْهَمَ [He endeavoured to acquire much thereof in order that he might understand]. (A.) See also 10.
He made a vain, or false, boast of abundance, or riches; or a boast of more than he possessed; and invested himself with that which did not belong to him. (TA, voce تَشَبَّعَ, which signifies the same.) You say تكثّر بِمَا لَيْسَ عِنْدَهُ He made a boast of abundance, or riches, which he did not possess; syn. تَشَبَّعَ. (Mṣb, art. شبع.) And فُلَانٌ يَتَكَثَّرُ بِمَالِ غَيْرِهِ [Such a one makes a vain or false show of abundance or riches with the wealth or property of another]. (Ṣ.)
10استكثر مِنَ الشَّىْءِ
He desired, or wished for, much of the thing. (Ḳ.) You say استكثر مِنَ المَالِ [He desired, or wished for, much of the property]. (A.)
استكثرهُ المَآءِ, and المَآءَ ↓
كاثرهُ, He desired of him for himself much of the water that he might drink of it: (Ḳ:) and so if the water were little. (TA.)
استكثر مِنَ الشّىُءِ also signifies i. q. أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُ, q. v. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)
Also استكثرهُ He reckoned it much, abundant, or many. (Mṣb.) You say هُوَ يَسْتَكْثِرُ الفَلِيلَ [He reckons little, or few, much, abundant, or many]. (A.)
Q. Q. 2تَكَوْثَرَ
It (dust) was, or became, much, or abundant. (Ṣ.) See كُوْثَرٌ.
The greater, or greatest, or main, part, of a thing; the most thereof. (Ḳ.)
(Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ↓
كَثْرٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) The heart, or pith, (syn. جُمَّارٌ, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, and شَحْمٌ, and جَذَبٌ, TA,) of a palm-tree: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) of the dial. of the Ansár: (TA:) or its spadix; syn. طَلْعٌ. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and ↓
كِثْرَةٌ, (Ḳ,) or the latter should not be used, for it is a bad dial. form, (Ṣ,) or it is correct when coupled with قِلَّةٌ, for the sake of assimilation, (TA,) and ↓
كُثْرَةٌ, though the first is the best known, (Ibn- 'Allán, in his Sharh el-Iktiráh,) or the last is not allowable, (TA,) and ↓
كُثْرٌ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and ↓
كِثْرٌ, (Ṣ,) Muchness; much, as a subst.; copiousness; abundance; a large quantity; numerousness; multiplicity; multitudinousness; a multitude; a plurality; a large number; numbers; and frequency: contr. of قِلَّةٌ. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.) [See also كَثُرَ.] You say ↓
مَا لَهُ قُلٌّ وَلَا كُثْرٌ He has not little nor much of property. (Ṣ.) And ↓
الحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ عَلَى القُلٌّ وَالكُثْرِ, (Ṣ, A,) and ↓
عَلَى القِلِّ وَالكِثْرِ, (Ṣ,) Praise be to God for little and much. (Ṣ, * A.) [↓
كُثْرٌ is explained in the Ṣ by كَثِيرٌ, and so in one place in the TA; but it is a subst., or an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates.]
كَثْرَةٌ is also used to signify Richness, or wealthiness; syn. سَعَةٌ. (Mgh.)
Also, and ↓
كِثَارٌ, Companies, or troops, or the like, (Ḳ, TA,) of men or animals only. (TA.) You say فِى الدَّارِ كُثَارٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ, and كِثَارٌ, In the house are companies of men. (TA.)
(Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ↓
كُثَارٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and ↓
كَاثِرٌ and ↓
كَثْرٌ and ↓
كَيْثَرٌ and ↓
كُوْثَرٌ (Ḳ) Much; copious; abundant; many; numerous; multitudinous. (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say خَيْرٌ كَثِيرٌ, and ↓
كَيْثَرٌ, Much, or abundant, good. (A.) And قَوْمٌ كَثِيرٌ A numerous party, or people: and هُمْ كَثِيرُونَ They are many. (Ṣ.) And رِجَالٌ كَثِيرٌ, and كَثِيرَةٌ, Many men: and نِسَآءٌ كَثِيرٌ, and كَثِيرَةٌ, Many women. (Yoo, ISh, Mṣb.) And ↓
عَدَدٌ كَاثِرٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and, as some say, ↓
كَوْثَرٌ, (Mṣb,) and كَثِيرٌ, (Ḳ in art. بول, &c.) A large number. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) And ↓
غُبَارٌ كُوْثَرٌ Much dust: (Ṣ:) or much confused dust (Ḳ, TA) rising and diffusing itself: of the dial. of Hudheyl. (TA.)
[A large quantity, or number, مِنْ مَالٍ وَغَيْرِهِ of property, or cattle, &c.]
كَثِيرًا, as an adv., Much; often. (The lexicons passim.)
رَجُلٌ كثيرٌ [in the TA كثر: probably the right reading is ↓
كَيْثَرٌ, q. v.:] A man whose ancestors are many, and whose high deeds are various. (L.)
See also مُطَّرِدٌ.
, with ة, [as a subst., signifying Much,] is used only in negative phrases; like [its contr.] قَلِيلَةٌ, q. v. (AZ, in TA, art. قل.)
: see كَثِيرٌ, in two places.
: see كَثِيرٌ, in three places.
A lord, or master, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) abounding in good: (Ṣ:) a man possessing good, or much good, and who gives much or often; as also ↓
كَيْثَرٌ. (Ḳ, TA.)
A river. (Kr, Ḳ.)
And الكَوْثَرُ A certain river in paradise, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) from which flow all the [other] rivers thereof, (Ḳ,) pertaining specially to the Prophet, described as being whiter than milk and sweeter than honey and as having its margin composed of pavilions of hollowed pearls. (TA.)
: see كَثِيرٌ, in two places: and كُوْثَرٌ.
More, and most, in quantity, and in number. (The lexicons passim.)
Having relation to the greater number of things or cases.]
A man possessing wealth: (Ḳ:) or possessing much wealth. (A, TA.)
A cause of rendering abundant, or multiplying; syn. مَثْرَاةٌ, q. v. (Ṣ, Ḳ in art. ثرو.)
(A, Ḳ, TA) and ↓
مِكْثِيرٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) applied to a man, and to a woman, (A, TA,) Loquacious; talkative; a great talker; (Ḳ, TA;) a great babbler. (A.)
Overcome in number: (Ṣ, * A:) one against whom people have multiplied by degrees (ثَكَاثَرُوا عَلَيْهِ) so that they have overcome or subdued him. (TA.)
مَكْثُورٌ عَلَيْهِ [A place thronged].
فُلَانٌ مَكْثُورٌ عَلَيْهِ Such a one has spent what he had, and claims upon him have become numerous: (Ṣ:) or such a one has many seekers of his beneficence. (A.) See also مَشْفُوفٌ.