قسر قسط قسطس


1قَسَطَ

, (Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor. قَسِطَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. قُسُوطٌ (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and قَسْطٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) He declined, or deviated, from the right course; acted unjustly, wrongfully, injuriously, or tyrannically. (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
See also 4, in two places:
and see 2.

2قسّطهُ

, (IAạr, M, TA,) inf. n. تَقْسِيطٌ, (IAạr, TA,) He distributed it; or dispersed it. (IAạr, M, TA.) It is implied in the Ḳ that the verb in this sense is قَسَطَ, of three letters [only, without teshdeed]. (TA.) You say, قسّط المَالَ بِيْنَهُمْ He distributed the property among them. (TA.) And قسّط الخَرَاجَ عَلَيْهِمْ He assigned the several portions which each one of them should pay of the [tax called] خراج: (TA:) or قسّط الخَرَاجَ, inf. n. as above, signifies he assessed, or apportioned, the خراج (Mgh, Mṣb) with equity and equality, (Mgh,) to be paid at certain times. (Mṣb.)
قسّط عَلَى عِيَالِهِ النَّفَقَةَ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) He was niggardly, or parsimonious, towards his household in expenditure. (Ḳ, * TA.)

4اقسط

, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb,) inf. n. إِقْسَاطٌ, (Mgh, Ḳ,) He acted equitably, or justly, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) in his judgment or the like; (M, TA;) as also, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) accord. to IḲṭṭ, (Mṣb,) قَسَطَ, aor. قَسِطَ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and قَسُطَ, (Ḳ,) but the former of these aors., as well as the former verb, is the more known, (TA,) inf. n. قَسْطٌ, (Mṣb, TA,) or قِسْطٌ [q. v. infra]; (M, Ḳ;) or إِقْسَاطٌ is only in division: (TA:) thus the latter of these two verbs is made to have two contr. significations: (Mṣb, TA:) in the former of them, accord. to some, the أ has a privative effect, [so that the verb properly signifies he did away with, or put away, injustice, or the like,] as [it has in اشكاه] in the phrase شَكَى إِليَسْهِ فَأَشْكَاهُ [he complained to him and he made his complaint to cease]. (TA.) It is said in the Ḳur, [iv. 3,] وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تُقْسِطُوا فِى اليَتَامَى [And if ye fear lest ye should not act equitably with respect to the orphans]: (Mgh:) or, accord. to one reading, تَقْسُطُوا, with damm to the س. (TA.) And you say also, أَقْسَطْتُ بَيْنَهُمْ [I acted equitably between them], and إِلَيْهِمْ [towards them]. (TA.)

5تَقَسَّطُوا الشَّىْءِ بَيْنَهُمْ

They divided the thing among themselves (Lth, Ṣ, * M [in which last بينهم is omitted] and O, L, Ḳ) equitably, (M, O,) or equitably and equally, (L,) or with equality. (Lth, Ḳ.) You say also, المَالَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِقْتَسَطُوا They divided the property among themselves; (TḲ;) إِقْتِسَاطٌ being syn. with إِقْتِسَامٌ. (Ḳ.)

قُسْطٌ

a dial. var. of كُسْطٌ, or, accord. to Yaạḳoob, the ق is a substitute [for ك]; (M;) said by IF to be Arabic; (Mṣb;) [Costus; so in the present day;] a certain substance, (AA, Mṣb,) or perfume, (Mgh,) or wood, (M,) or a certain Indian wood, and also Arabian, (Ḳ,) with which one fumigates; (AA, M, Mgh, Mṣb;) well known; (Mṣb;) also called كُسْطٌ and كُشْطٌ (AA) and قُشْطٌ: (TA in art. قشط:) or a wood which is brought from India, and which is put into the substances used for fumigating, and into medicine: (Lth:) or a certain drug of the sea: (Ṣ:) [it is said in the Ṣ and TA, voce حِنْزَابٌ, that the carrot of the (جَزَرُ البَحْرِ) is called قُسْطٌ:] in a trad., القُسْطُ البَحْرِىُّ [or قُسْط of the sea] is mentioned as one of the best of remedies: and in another trad., قُسْط is coupled by the conjunction و with أَظْفَار, or, accord. to one relation thereof, is prefixed to the latter word, governing it in the gen. case: and IAth says, that it is a sort of perfume: but some say that it is aloes-wood (عُود, q. v.): [see also ظَفَارِىٌّ:] and others, a well-known drug, of sweet odour, with which women and infants are fumigated: (TA:) it is diuretic, beneficial to the liver in a high degree, and for the colic, and for worms, and the quartan fever, as a beverage; and for rheum, and defluxions, and pestilence, when the patient is fumigated therewith; and for the [leprous-like disorder called] بَهَق, and the [discolouration of the face termed] كَلَف, when applied as a liniment; (Ḳ;) and it confines the bowels, expels wind, strengthens the stomach and heart, occasions pleasurable sensation, is an ingredient in many sorts of perfume, and is the best of perfumes in odour when one fumigates therewith. (TA.)

قِسْطٌ

Equity; justice: (Ṣ, * M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ: *) [an inf. n. having no proper verb, or] a subst. from أَقْسَطَ. (Mgh, Mṣb.)
Equitable; just: (Ṣ, * M, Ḳ:) an inf. n. used as an epithet, like its syn. عَدْلٌ; (M, Ḳ;) and [therefore] applied alike to a sing. n. [and to a dual] and to a pl.: (Ḳ:) you say مِيزَانٌ قِسْطٌ an equitable, or a just, balance; and مِيزَانَانِ قِسْطٌ; and, agreeably with the usage of the Ḳur, xxi. 48, مَوَازِينُ قِسْطٌ. (M.)
A portion, share, or lot; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) of a thing; (Ḳ;) and pertaining to a person: (TA:) pl. أَقْسَاطٌ. (Mṣb.) You say, وَفَّاهُ قِسْطَهُ He gave him in full his portion, share, or lot. (TA.) And أَخَذَ كُلٌّ مِنَ الشُّرَكَآءِ قِسْطَهُ Every one of the partners took his portion, or share. (TA.)
A portion, or piece. (So accord. to an explanation of the pl., أَقْسَاطٌ, in the TA.)
The means of subsistence: (Ḳ:) or the portion thereof which is the share of every created being. (TA.) يَخْفِضُ القِسْطَ وَيَرْفَعُهُ, said of God, in a trad., has been explained as meaning He maketh the portion of the means of subsistence which is the share of any created being little, and maketh it much. (TA.) [See, below, another meaning which is assigned to it in this instance; and see also art. خفض.]
A quantity, (Ḳ, TA,) of water only; or any quantity, of water and of other things. (TA.)
A measure with which corn is measured, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) which holds (Ḳ) half of a صَاع; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) six thereof making a فَرْقَ: (Ṣ:) accord. to Mbr, four hundred and eighty-one dirhems. (TA.) Sometimes it is used for performing the ablution termed وُضُوْء: and hence it is said in a trad., إِنَّ النِّسَآءَ مِنْ أَسْفَهِ السُّفَهَآءِ إِلَّا صَاحِبَةَ القِسْطِ وَالسِّرَاجِ; (Ḳ;) the قِسْط being here the vessel in which the وضوء is performed; (TA;) the meaning app. being, [Women are of the most lightwitted of the lightwitted,] except she who serves her husband, and assists him to perform the وضوء, [so I render تُوَضِّئُهُ,] and takes care of the vessel which he uses for that purpose, and stands at his head with the lamp: (Ḳ:) or who performs his affairs with respect to his وضوء and his lamp. (Nh.)
A [mug of the kind called] كُوز; (M, Ḳ;) so called by the people of the great towns: (M:) now applied to one with which olive-oil is measured. (TA.)
A balance, or weighing-instrument. (Ḳ.) Some say that this is its meaning in the phrase mentioned above, يَخْفِضُ القِسْطَ وَيَرْفَعُهُ He depresseth the balance, and raiseth it: alluding to the means of subsistence which He decrees. (TA.)

قَاسِطٌ

Declining, or deviating, from the right course; acting unjustly, wrongfully, injuriously, or tyrannically: pl. قَاسِطُونَ (Ṣ, M, Mgh, TA) and قُسَّاطٌ. (TA.) You say, هُوَ قَاسِطٌ غَيْرُ مُقْسِطٍ He is declining, or deviating, from the right course; &c.: not acting equitably, or justly. (TA.) And it is said in the Ḳur, [lxxii. 15,] أَمَّا ٱلْقَاسِطُونَ فَكَانُوا لِجَهَنَّمَ حَطَبًا [As for the deviators from the right course, they shall be fuel for hell]. (Ṣ, M, Mgh.) [See also عَادِلٌ.]
القَاسِطُونَ is also specially applied to The party of Mo'áwiyeh; (Mgh;) the people of Siffeen. (TA.)
[And it has the contr. meaning, i. e. Acting equitably, or justly. See, again, عَادِلٌ.]

أَقْسَطُ

More [and most] equitable, just, or right: occurring in the Ḳur, ii. 282, and xxxiii. 5: (TA:) formed from the triliteral verb [قَسَطَ], not from the quadriliteral [أَقْسَطَ], as some assert it to be, holding it anomalous. (MF.)

تَقْسِيطٌ

The register in which is written a man's portion, or share, (قِسْط,) of property &c: a subst., like تَمْتِينٌ. (TA.)

مُقْسِطٌ

Acting equitably, or justly. (Ṣ, M.) It is said in the Ḳur, [v. 46, and xlix. 9, and lx. 8,] إِنَّ ٱللّٰهَ يُحِبُّ المُقْسِطِينَ [God loveth those who act equitably, or justly]. (Ṣ, M.)
المُقْسِطُ is one of the names of God, meaning The Equitable. (TA.)