غر غرب غربل
غَرَبَ, aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. غَرْبٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) He, or it, went, went away, passed away, or departed. (Ḳ,* TA.)
And He retired, or removed, (Ḳ,* TA,) عَنِ النَّاسِ [from men, or from the people]. (TA.)
And غَرَبَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above; (TA;) andغرّب↓; (A, TA;) andتغرّب↓; (Ḳ, TA;) He, or it, became distant, or remote; or went to a distance. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, TA.) One says, اُغْرُبْ عَنِّى Go thou, or withdraw, to a distance from me. (Ṣ.)
And غَرَبَ andغرّب↓ He, or it, became absent, or hidden. (Ḳ.) The former is said of a wild animal, meaning He retired from view, or hid himself, in his lurking-place. (A.)
And غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) aor. ـُ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. غُرُوبٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA) and مَغْرِبٌ [which is anomalous] and مُغَيْرِبَانٌ [which is more extr.], (TA,) The sun set: (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA:) and غَرَبَ النَّجْمُ The star set. (TA.)
غَرْبٌ [app. as an inf. n. of which the verb is غَرَبَ] signifies also † The being brisk, lively, or sprightly. (Ḳ.)
And † The persevering (Ḳ, TA) in an affair. (TA.)
غَرَبَتِ العَيْنٌ, inf. n. غَرْبٌ, The eye was affected with a tumour such as is termed غَرْبٌ [q. v.] in the inner angle. (TA.)
غَرُبَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. غَرَابَةٌ or غُرْبَةٌ and غُرْبٌ, said of a man: see 5.
غَرُبَ, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. غَرَابَةٌ, said of language, (A, TA,) It was strange, or far from being intelligible; difficult to be understood; obscure. (A,* Ḳ, TA.) And in like manner, you say, غَرُبَتِ الكَلِمَةُ [which also signifies The word was strange as meaning unusual]. (A, TA.)
غَرِبَ, aor. ـَ, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. غَرَبٌ, (TA,) He, or it, was, or became, black. (Ḳ, TA.)
غَرِبَتْ said of a ewe or she-goat, She was, or became, affected with the disease termed غَرَبٌ meaning as expl. below. (Ṣ.)
See also غَرَبٌ in another sense.
غرّب, inf. n. تَغْرِيبٌ: see 1, in two places: and 4, likewise in two places:
Also He went into the west: (TA in this art.:) he directed himself towards the west. (TA in art. شرق.) One says, غَرِّبْ شَرِّقْ [Go thou to the west go thou to the east: meaning go far and wide]. (A, TA.) [See also 4.]
He made, or caused. him, or it, to be, or become, distant, remote, far off, or aloof: (Mgh:) he removed, put away, or put aside, him, or it; as alsoاغرب↓. (TA.)
And غرّب, (Mṣb,) inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) He banished a person from the country, or town, (Ṣ,* Mgh,* Mṣb, TA,) in which a dishonest action had been committed [by him]. (TA.)
And He divorced a wife. (TA, from a trad.)
And غرّبهُ الدَّهْرُ, and غرّب عَلَيْهِ, Fortune left him distant, or remote. (TA.)
تَغْرِيبٌ signifies also, accord. to the Ḳ, The bringing forth white children: and also, black children: thus having two contr. meanings: but this is a mistake; the meaning being, the bringing forth both white and black children: the bringing forth either of the two kinds only is not thus termed, as Saadee Chelebee has pointed out. (MF, TA.)
Also The collecting and eating [hail and] snow and hear-frost; (Ḳ;) i. e., غُرَاب. (TA.)
إِغْرَابٌ signifies The going far into a land, or country; as alsoتَغْرِيبٌ↓. (Ḳ.) And you say,غرّبت↓ الكِلَابُ The dogs went far in search, or pursuit, of the object, or objects, of the chase. (A, TA.)
And اغرب signifies He made the place to which he cast, or shot, to be distant, or remote. (A.)
Also, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ, TA,) He (a horse) ran much: (Ḳ:) or اغرب فِى جَرْيِهِ, said of a horse, (A, TA,) he exceeded the usual bounds, or degree, in his running: (A:) or he ran at the utmost rate. (TA.)
And اغرب فِى الضَّحِكِ, (A, Ḳ,) andاِسْتَغْرَبَ↓ فِيهِ, (Ṣ, A,* Ḳ,*) andاُسْتُغْرِبَ↓ (Ḳ, TA) i. e. فى الضّحك, andاِسْتَغْرَبَ↓ ضَحِكًا occurring in a trad. andاِسْتَغْرَبَ↓ عَلَيْهِ الضَّحِكُ, and اغرب الضَّحِكَ, (TA,) He exceeded the usual bounds, or degree, in laughing; (A, Ḳ, TA;) or he laughed [immoderately, or] violently, or vehemently, and much: (Ṣ, TA:) or i. q. قَهْقَهَ [q. v.]: (TA:) or اغرب signifies he laughed so that the غُرُوب [or sharpness and lustre &c.] of his teeth appeared: (L, TA:) or اغرب فى الضحك means he exceeded the usual bounds, or degree, in laughing, so that his eye shed tears [which are sometimes termed غَرْب]. (Ḥar p. 572.) In the saying, in a certain form of prayer, أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْطَانٍ مُسْتَغْرِبٍ↓ [I seek protection by Thee from every devil &c.], the meaning of مستغرب is thought by El-Ḥarbee to be exorbitant in evilness, wickedness, or the like; as though from الاِسْتِغْرَابُ فِى الضَّحِكِ: or it may mean sharp, or vehement, in the utmost degree. (TA.)
And اغرب, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) He did, or said, what was strange, or extraordinary. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, تَكَلَّمَ فَأَغْرَبَ He spoke, and said what was strange, and used extraordinary words: and يُغْرِبُ فِى كَلَامِهِ [He uses strange, or extraordinary, words in his speech]. (A, TA.)
Also, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) He came to the west. (Ḳ, TA.) [See also 2.]
اغرب also signifies He had a white child born to him. (TA.)
And إِغْرَابٌ signifies Whiteness of the groins, (Ḳ, TA,) next the flank. (TA.) You say, of a man, اغرب meaning He was white in his groins. (TḲ.)
اغرب as trans.: see 2.
إِغْرَابٌ said of a rider signifies His making his horse to run until he dies: (Ḳ:) or, accord. to Fr, one says, اعرب عَلَى فَرَسِهِ meaning “he made his horse to run:” [or اعرب فَرَسَهُ has this meaning: (see 4 in art. عرب:)] but he adds that some say اغرب. (O in art. عرب.)
And اغرب, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ, TA,) He filled (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) a skin, (Ṣ, TA,) and a watering-trough or tank, and a vessel. (TA.) Bishr (Ibn-Abee-Kházim, TA) says,
* وَكَأَنَّ ظُعْنَهُمُ غَدَاةَ تَحَمَّلُوا **سُفُنٌ تَكَفَّأُ فِى خَلِيجٍ مُغْرَبِ↓ *
[And as though their women's camel-vehicles, on the morning when they bound the burdens on their beasts and departed, were ships inclining forwards (or moving from side to side like the tall palm-tree) in a filled river (or canal)]. (Ṣ.)
Hence, (TA,) إِغْرَابٌ signifies also Abundance of wealth, and goodliness of condition: (Ḳ, TA:) because abundance of wealth fills the hands of the possessor thereof, and goodliness of condition fills [with satisfaction] the soul of the goodly person. (TA.) [Therefore the verb, meaning He was endowed (as though filled) with abundance of wealth and with goodliness of condition, is app. أُغْرِبَ; not (as is implied in the TḲ) أَغْرَبَ: the explanation of the verb in the TḲ is, his wealth was, or became, abundant, and his condition was, or became, goodly.]
One says also (of a man, Ṣ) أُغْرِبَ (with damm, Ḳ) meaning His pain became intense, or violent, (Aṣ, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) from disease or some other cause. (TA.)
And أُغْرِبَ عَلَيْهِ, accord. to the Ḳ, signifies A foul, or an evil, deed was done to him; and [it is said that] أُغْرِبَ بِهِ signifies the same: but in other works, [the verb must app. be in the act. form, for] the explanation is, he did [to him] a foul, or an evil, deed. (TA.)
And أُغْرِبَ said of a horse, His blaze spread (Ṣ, Ḳ) so that it took in his eyes, and the edges of his eyelids were white: and it is used in like manner to signify that they were white by reason of what is termed زَرَقٌ [inf. n. of زَرِقَ, q. v.]. (Ṣ, TA.) See its part. n., مُغْرَبٌ.
تغرّب: see 1, third sentence.
تغرّب andاغترب↓ are syn., (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) signifying He became [a stranger, a foreigner; or] far, or distant, from his home, or native country; (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) [he went abroad, to a foreign place or country;] and soغَرُبَ↓, aor. ـُ, inf. n. غَرَابَةٌ, (Mṣb,) or غُرْبَةٌ (MA) [and app. غُرْبٌ, this last and غُرْبَةٌ being syn. with تَغَرُّبٌ and اِغْتِرَابٌ, and being like قُرْبَةٌ and قُرْبٌ inf. ns. of قَرُبَ]; andغَرَّبَ↓ بِنَفْس, (Mgh,* Mṣb,) inf. n. تَغْرِيبٌ; (Mṣb;) andأَغْرَبَ↓, (Aboo-Naṣr, Ṣ,) or this last signifies he entered upon الغُرْبَة [the state, or condition, of a stranger, &c.]. (Mṣb.)
And تغرّب signifies also He came from the direction of the west. (Ḳ.)
اغترب: see 5.
Also He married to one not of his kindred. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) It is said in a trad., اِغْتَرِبُوا وَلَا تُضْوُوا (TA) [expl. in art. ضوى].
see 4, in four places.
استغربهُ He held it to be, or reckoned it, غَرِيب [i. e. strange, far from being intelligible, difficult to be understood, obscure; or extraordinary, unfamiliar, or unusual; and improbable]. (MA.)
غَرْبٌ [an inf. n. of غَرَبَ, q. v., in several senses.]
[As a simple subst.,] Distance, or remoteness; and soغَرْبَةٌ↓. (A, Ḳ.) غَرْبَةُ↓ النَّوَى [in one of my copies of the Ṣ غُرْبَة] means The distance, or remoteness, of the place which one purposes to reach in his journey. (Ṣ, TA.)
[And hence, used as an epithet, Distant, or remote.] You say نَوًى غَرْبَةٌ [in one of my copies of the Ṣ غُرْبَةٌ] A distant, or remote, place which one purposes to reach in his journey. (Ṣ, A.*) And دَارُ فُلَانٍ غَرْبَةٌ The house, or abode, of such a one is distant, or remote. (TA.) And دَرَاهِمُ غَرْبَةٌ Distant money [so that it is not easily attainable]. (TA.) And عَيْنٌ غَرْبَةٌ A far-seeing eye: and إِنَّهُ لَغَرْبُ العَيْنِ Verily he is far-seeing; and of a woman you say غَرْبَةُ العَيْنِ. (TA.)
And الغَرْبُ is syn. with المَغْرِبُ↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which latter is also pronounced المَغْرَبُ↓, with fet-ḥ to the ر, but more commonly with kesr, (Mṣb,) or accord. to analogy it should be with fet-ḥ, but usage has given it kesr, as in the case of المَشْرِقُ; (TA;) [both signify The west;] الغَرْبُ is the contr. of الشَّرْقُ; (M, TA;) andالمَغْرِبُ↓ [is the contr. of المَشْرِقُ, and] originally signifies the place [or point] of sunset, (TA,) as alsoمَغْرِبَانُ↓ الشَّمْسِ; (Ḳ;) and is likewise used to signify the time of sunset; and also as an inf. n.: (TA:) andالمَغْرِبَانِ↓ signifies the two places [or points] where the sun sets; i. e. the furthest [or northernmost] place of sunset in summer [W. 26 degrees N. in Central Arabia] and the furthest [or southernmost] place of sunset in winter [W. 26 degrees Ṣ. in Central Arabia]: (T, TA:) between these two points are a hundred and eighty points, every one of which is called مَغْرِبٌ; and so between the two points called المَشْرِقَانِ. (TA.)
غَرْبٌ signifies also The first part (Ṣ, Ḳ) of a thing (Ḳ) [and particularly] † of the run of a horse. (Ṣ.)
And The حَدّ [or edge] (Ṣ, Ḳ) of a thing, as alsoغُرَابٌ↓, (Ḳ,) or of a sword and of anything; (Ṣ;) and thus [particularly] the غُرَاب↓ of the فَأْس [or adz, &c.]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And † Sharpness (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, TA) of a sword, (TA,) or of anything, such as the فَأْس [or adz, &c.], and of the knife, (Mṣb,) and (Mṣb, TA) † of the tongue: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, TA:) and [as meaning † sharpness of temper or the like, passionateness, irritability, or vehemence,] of a man, (TA,) and of a horse, (Ṣ, TA,) and of youth: (A, TA:) [from the same word signifying the “edge” of a sword &c.: whence the saying, أَرْهِفْ غَرْبَ ذِهْنِكَ لَمَا أَقُولُ (mentioned in the A and TA in art. ارهف) meaning ‡ Sharpen the edge of thine intellect for what I say:] andغَرْبَةٌ↓ signifies the same. (TA.) And Vehemence of might or strength, or of valour or prowess, of men; syn. شَوْكَةٌ. (TA.) [And hence, app., † Briskness, liveliness, or sprightliness: and † perseverance in an affair: see the first paragraph.]
Also, [used as an epithet,] † Sharp, applied to a sword [and the like], and to a tongue. (TA.) And, applied to a horse, † That runs much: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or that casts himself forward, with uninterrupted running, not desisting until he has gone far with his ride. (TA.)
And A large دَلْو [or leathern bucket], (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) made of a bull's hide, (Mgh, TA,) with which one draws water on the [camel, or she-camel, called] سَانِيَة [q. v.]: (Mṣb:) of the masc. gender: pl. غُرُوبٌ. (TA.) So expl. in the following words of a trad.: أَخَذَ الدَّلْوَ عُمَرُ فَٱسْتَحَالَتْ غَرْبًا [ʼOmar took the دلو, and it became changed into a غرب]; i. e. when he took the دلو to draw water, it became large in his hand: for the conquests in his time were more than those in the time of Aboo-Bekr. (IAth, TA.)
And A [camel, or any beast, such as is called] رَاوِيَة, (Ḳ, TA,) upon which water is carried. (TA.)
And accord. to the Ḳ, A day of irrigation: but [this is app. a mistake: for] Az says that Lth has mentioned the phrase فِى يَوْمِ غَرْبٍ, meaning thereby in a day in which water is drawn with the [large bucket called] غَرْب, [for irrigation,] on the [camel, or she-camel, called] سَانِيَة. (TA.)
And Tears (Ḳ, TA) when they come forth from the eye: (TA:) or غُرُوبٌ signifies tears; (Ṣ;) and is pl. of غَرْبٌ. (TA.) A poet says,
* مَا لَكَ لَا تَذْكُرُ أُمَّ عَمْرِو ** إِلَّا لِعَيْنَيْكَ غُرُوبٌ تَجْرِى *
[What aileth thee, that thou dost not mention Umm-ʼAmr but thine eyes have tears flowing?]. (Ṣ, TA.) And it is said of Ibn-ʼAbbás, in a trad., كَانَ مِثَجًّا يَسِيلُ غَرْبًا i. e. ‡ [He was an eloquent orator, flowing with] a copious and uninterrupted stream of knowledge, likened to غَرْب as meaning “tears coming forth from the eye.” (TA.)
And A flowing, (مَسِيلٌ, Ḳ,) or vehement flowing, (اِنْهِلَالٌ, A, Ḳ,) in one copy of the Ḳ اِنْهِمَالٌ [which means a flowing], (TA,) of tears from the eye: (A, Ḳ:) and a single flow (فَيْضَةٌ) of tears, and of wine. (Ḳ.)
And A certain vein, or duct, (عِرْقٌ,) in the channel of the tears, (Ṣ, Mgh,) or in the eye, (A, Ḳ,) that flows [with tears] uninterruptedly; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) like what is termed نَاسُورٌ. (Ṣ, Mgh.) One says of a person whose tears flow without intermission, بَعَيْنِهِ غَرْبٌ. (Aṣ, Ṣ, Mgh.) And [the pl.] الغُرُوبُ signifies The channels of the tears. (Ṣ.)
Also The inner angle of the eye, and the outer angle thereof. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)
And A tumour in the inner angles of the eyes; (Mgh, Ḳ;) as alsoغَرَبٌ↓. (Mgh.)
And A pustule (بَثْرَةٌ) in the eye, (Ḳ, TA,) which discharges blood, and the bleeding of which will not be stopped. (TA.)
And Abundance of saliva (Ḳ, TA) in the mouth; (TA;) and the moisture thereof, i. e., of saliva: (Ḳ:) pl. غُرُوبٌ. (TA.) And The place where the saliva collects and remains: (Ḳ, TA:) or the غَرْب in a tooth is the place where the saliva thereof collects and remains: (TA:) or غَرْبٌ, (TA,) or its pl. غُرُوبٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) signifies the sharpness, and مَآء [meaning lustre], (Ṣ, TA,) of the tooth, (TA,) or of the teeth: (Ṣ, TA:) accord. to the T and M and Nh and L, غُرُوبُ الأَسْنَانِ signifies the places where the saliva of the teeth collects and remains: or, as some say, their extremities and sharpness and مَآء [which may here mean either water or lustre]: or the مَآء that runs upon the teeth: (TA:) or their مَآء, and shining whiteness: (A, TA:) or their fineness, or thinness, and sharpness: or غُرُوبٌ signifies the sharp, or serrated, edges of the fore teeth: it is also, as pl. of غَرْبٌ, expl. as signifying the مَآء of the فَم [by which may be meant either the water of the mouth or the lustre of the teeth, for الفَمُ properly signifies “the mouth” and metonymically “the teeth”], and the sharpness of the teeth: and accord. to MF, as on the authority of the Nh, [but SM expresses a doubt as to its correctness,] it is also applied to the teeth [themselves]. (TA.) [See also شَنَبٌ, in two places.]
أَصَابَهُ سَهْمُ غَرْبٍ andسَهْمُ غَرَبٍ↓, and سَهْمٌ غَرْبٌ andسَهْمٌ غَرَبٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mṣb,* Ḳ,) the second of which, i. e.سَهْمُ غَرَبٍ↓, accord. to IḲt, is the most approved, (MF,) mean An arrow of which the shooter was not known [struck him]: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or, accord. to some, سهم غَرْب signifies an arrow from an unknown quarter; سهم غَرَب↓, an arrow that is shot and that strikes another. (TA.)
And غَرْبٌ signifies also A certain tree of El-Ḥijáz, (Ḳ, TA,) green, (TA,) large, or thick, and thorny, (Ḳ, TA,) whence is made [or prepared] the كُحَيْل [i. e. tar] with which [mangy] camels are smeared: [or it is a coll. gen. n., for] its n. un. is with ة: so says ISd: كحيل is قَطِرَان, of the dial. of El-Ḥijáz: and he [app. ISd] says also, the أَبْهَل [q. v.] is the same as the غَرْب, because قطران is extracted from it. (TA.) Hence, as some say, (Ḳ, TA,) the trad., (TA,) لَا يَزَالُ أَهْلُ الغَرْبِ ظَاهِرِينَ عَلَى الحَقِّ [The people of the غرب will not cease to be attainers of the truth, or of the true religion]: (Ḳ, TA:) or the meaning is, the people of Syria, because Syria is [a little to the] west of El-Ḥijáz: or the people of sharpness, and of vehemence of might or strength, or of valour or prowess; i. e. the warriors against unbelievers: or the people of the bucket called غَرْب; i. e. the Arabs: or the people of the west; which meaning is considered by Iyád and others the most probable, because, in the relation of the trad. by Ed-Dárakutnee, the word in question is المَغْرِب. (L, TA.)
غُرْبٌ: see غُرْبَةٌ.
غَرَبٌ Silver: or a [vessel such as is termed] جَام of silver; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) [i. e.] a [drinking-cup or bowl such as is termed] قَدَح of silver. (L, TA.) A poet says,
* فَدَعْدَعَا سُرَّةَ الرَّكَآءِ كَمَا ** دَعْدَعَ سَاقِى الأَعَاجِمِ الغَرَبَا *
cited in the Ṣ as being by El-Aạshà but it is said in the L, IB says, this verse is by Lebeed, not by El-Aạshà, describing two torrents meeting together; meaning, And they filled the middle of the valley of Er-Rehà, also, but less correctly, called Er-Rikà, like as the cup-bearer of the اعاجم [or foreigners] fills the silver قَدَح with wine: the verse of El-Aạshà in which [it is said that] غَرَب occurs as meaning “silver” is,
* إِذَا ٱنْكَبَّ أَزْهَرُ بَيْنَ السُّقَاةِ ** تَرَامَوْا بِهِ غَرَبًا وَنُضَارَا *
i. e. When a white wine-jug is turned down so as to pour out its contents [among the cup-bearers], they hand it, i. e. the wine in the cups, one to another [while it resembles silver or gold]: (L, TA:) غَرَبًا is here in the accus. case as a denotative of state, though signifying a substance: [and so نُضَارَا:] but it is said that غَرَبٌ and نُضَارٌ signify species of trees from which are made [drinkingcups or bowls such as are termed] أَقْدَاح [pl. of قَدَحٌ]: and it is said in the T that نُضَارٌ signifies a species of trees from which are made yellow أَقْدَاح. (TA.)
[In explanation of the last of the applications of غَرَبٌ mentioned above, it is said that] it signifies also A species of trees (T, Ṣ, ISd, TA) from which are made white [drinking-cups or bowls of the kind termed] أَقْدَاح; (T, TA;) called in Pers. إِسبِيدْ دَار [or إِسْ۩ِيدَار]: (Ṣ:) [generally held to mean the willow; like the Hebr. עֲרָבִים; or particularly the species called salix Babylonica: a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with ة. (ISd, TA.) [Avicenna (Ibn-Seenà), in book ii. p. 279, mentions a tree called غرب, but describes only the uses and supposed properties of its bark &c., particularizing its صَمْغ; whence it appears that he means the غَرْب, not the غَرَب.]
It also signifies A [vessel of the kind termed] قَدَح [perhaps such as is made from the species of trees above mentioned]: (Ḳ, TA:) and its pl. is أَغْرَابٌ. (TA.)
And Gold. (Ḳ.)
And Wine. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And The water that drops from the buckets between the well and the watering-trough or tank, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and which soon alters in odour: (Ṣ:) or any water that pours from the buckets from about the mouth of the well to the wateringtrough or tank, and that soon alters in odour: or the water and mud that are around the well and the watering-trough or tank: (TA:) and (as some say, TA) the odour of water and mud: (Ḳ:) so called because it soon alters. (TA.) [Hence] one says, لا تغرب, [thus in the TA, so that it may be لا تَغْرُبْ↓ orلا تُغَرِّبْ↓ orلا تُغْرِبْ↓,] meaning Spill not thou the water between the well and the watering-trough or tank, so as to make mud. (TA.)
Also A certain disease in sheep or goats, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) like the سَعَف in the she-camel, in consequence of which the hair of the خُرْطُوم [i. e. nose, or fore part of the nose,] and that of the eyes fall off. (Ṣ.)
And [A colour such as is termed] زَرَق [q. v.] in the eye of a horse, (Ḳ, TA,) together with whiteness thereof. (TA.)
See also غَرْبٌ, latter half, in five places.
غُرُبٌ: see غَرِيبٌ.
غَرْبَةٌ: see غَرْبٌ, former half, in three places.
غُرْبَةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andغُرْبٌ↓ (Ḳ) [as simple substs. The state, or condition, of a stranger or foreigner: but originally both are, app., inf. ns. of غَرُبَ, like قُرْبَةٌ and قُرْبٌ of قَرُبَ, signifying] the being far, or distant, from one's home, or native country; (Ḳ;) i. q. اِغْتِرَابٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and تَغَرُّبٌ. (Ḳ.)
Also, the former, Pure, or unmixed, whiteness. (IAạr, TA.) [See مُغْرَبٌ.]
غَرْبِىٌّ [Of, or relating to, the west, or place of sunset; western]: see غَارِبٌ.
[Also,] applied to trees (شَجَرٌ), Smitten, or affected, by the sun at the time of its setting. (Ḳ.) [Respecting the meaning of its fem. in the Ḳur xxiv. 35, see شَرْقِىٌّ.]
And A sort of dates: (Ḳ:) but accord. to AḤn, the word is غُرَابِىٌّ [q. v.]. (TA.)
And The [sort of] نَبِيذ that is termed فَضِيخ [i. e. a beverage made from crushed unripe dates without being put upon the fire]: (Ḳ, TA:) or [a beverage] prepared only from fresh ripe dates; the drinker of which ceases not to possess selfrestraint as long as the wind does not blow upon him; but if he goes forth into the air, and the wind blows upon him, his reason departs: wherefore one of its drinkers says,
* إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ غَرْبِيُّكُمْ جَيِّدًا ** فَنَحْنُ بِٱللّٰهِ وَبِٱلرِّيحِ *
[If your gharbee be not excellent, we (put our trust) in God and in the wind]. (AḤn, TA.)
And A certain red صِبْغ [i. e. dye, or perhaps sauce, or fluid seasoning]. (Ḳ.)
غَرْبِيبٌ One of the most excellent kinds of grapes; (Ḳ;) a sort of grapes growing at Et-Táïf, intensely black, of the most exceuent, and most delicate, and blackest, of grapes. (TA.) [See an ex. in a verse cited voce عَجِيبَةٌ.]
Applied to an old man, Intensely black [app. in the hair]: or whose hair does not become white, or hoary: (TA:) or, so applied, who blackens his white, or hoary, hair with dye: (Ḳ, TA:) occurring in a trad., in which it is said that God hates such an old man: pl. غَرَابِيبُ. (TA.)
أَسْوَدُ غِرْبِيبٌ means Intensely black: but if you say غَرَابِيبُ سُودٌ, you make the latter word a substitute for the former; because a word corroborative of one signifying a colour cannot precede; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) nor can the corroborative of any word: (Suh, MF:) or, accord. to Hr, غَرَابِيبُ سُودٌ [in the Ḳur xxxv. 25], relating to mountains, means Streaks having black rocks. (TA.)
غُرَابٌ A certain black bird, (TA,) well known; (Ḳ, TA;) [the corvus, or crow;] of which there are several species; [namely, the raven, carrioncrow, rook, jackdaw, jay, magpie, &c.:] and it was used as a proper name, which, as is said in a trad., he [i. e. Moḥammad] changed, because the word implies the meaning of distance, and because it is the name of a foul bird: (TA:) the pl. [of mult.] is غِرْبَانٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and غُرْبٌ (Ḳ) and (of pauc., Ṣ) أَغْرِبَةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَغْرُبٌ; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) and pl. pl. غَرَابِينُ. (Ḳ.) When the Arabs characterize a land as fertile, they say, وَقَعَ فِى أَرْضٍ لَا يُطَيَّرُ غُرَابُهَا ‡ [He lighted upon a land of which the crow will not be made to fly away; because of its abundant herbage: see also طَيَّرَ]: and وَجَدَ ثَمَرَةَ الغُرَابِ † [He found the fruit of the crow]; because that bird seeks after and chooses the most excellent of fruits. (TA.) They also say, طَارَ غُرَابُ فُلَانٍ ‡ [The crow of such a one flew away], meaning the head of such a one became white, or hoary. (A, TA. [See also a similar phrase below.]) Also, فُلَانٌ أَبْصَرُ مِنْ غُرَابٍ [Such a one is more sharp-sighted than a crow]: and أَحْذَرُ [more cautious]: and أَزْهَى [more proud]: and أَشْأَمُ [more inauspicious]: &c.: they say that this bird is more inauspicious than any other inauspicious thing upon the earth. (TA.) In the phrase غُرَابٌ غَارِبٌ↓, the epithet is added to give intensiveness to the signification. (TA.) غُرَابُ البَيْنِ has been expl. in art. بين.
الغُرَابُ is the name of † One of the southern constellations, [i. e. Corvus,] consisting of seven stars [in the enumeration of Ptolemy], behind البَاطِيَة [which is Crater], to the south of السِّمَاكُ الأَعْزَلُ [i. e. Spica Virginis]. (Ḳzw.)
أَغْرِبَةُ العَرَبِ is an appellation of † The blacks [lit. crows] of the Arabs; the black Arabs: (Ḳ, TA:) likened to the birds called اغربة, in respect of their complexion: (TA:) in all of them the blackness was derived from their mothers. (MF, TA.) The أَغْرِبَة in the Time of Ignorance were 'Antarah and Khufáf Ibn-Nudbeh (asserted to have been a Mukhadram, TA) and Aboo-ʼOmeyr Ibn-El-Hobáb and Suleyk Ibn-Es-Sulakeh (a famous runner, TA) and Hishám Ibn-'Okbeh-Ibn-AbeeMo'eyt; but this last was a Mukhadram: and those among the Islámees, ʼAbd-Allah Ibn-Khá- zim and ʼOmeyr Ibn-Abee-ʼOmeyr and Hemmám [in the CK Humám] Ibn-Mutarrif and Munteshir Ibn-Wahb and Matar Ibn-Abee-Owfà and Taäbbata-Sharrà and Esh-Shenfarà and Hájiz; to the last of whom is given no appellation of the kind called “nisbeh,” (Ḳ, TA,) in relation to father, mother, tribe, or place. (TA.)
رِجْلُ الغُرَابِ signifies † A certain herb, called in the language of the Barbar إِطْرِيلَال, (Ḳ, TA,) and in the present day زِرُّ الأَخِلَّةِ, (MF,) resembling the شِبِثّ [q. v., variously written in different copies of the Ḳ,] in its stem and in its جُمَّة [or node whence the flower grows] and in its lower part, or root, except that its flower is white, and it forms grains like those of the مَقْدُونِس [app. scandix cerefolium or apium petroselinum], (Ḳ, TA,) nearly: (TA:) a drachm of its seeds, bruised, and mixed with honey (Ḳ, TA) deprived of its froth, (TA,) is a tried medicine for eradicating [the species of leprosy which are called] the بَرَص and the بَهَق, being drunk; and sometimes is added to it a quarter of a drachm of عَاقِرْ قَرْحَا, (Ḳ, TA,) which is [commonly] known by the name of عود القرح [i. e. عُودُ القَرْحِ, both of these being names now applied to pyrethrum, i. e. pellitory of Spain, but the latter, accord. to Forskål (Flora Ægypt. Arab. p. cxix.), applied in El-Yemen to the cacalia sonchifolia, or to a species of senecio]; (TA;) the patient sitting in a hot sun, with the diseased parts uncovered: (Ḳ, TA:) [see also رِجْلٌ: now applied to the chelidonium hybridum of Linn., chelidonium dodecandrum of Forsk.: (Delile's Floræ Ægypt. Illustr. no. 502:) in Bocthor's Dict. Français-Arabe, both the names of رجل الغراب and اطريلال are given to the plants called cerfeuil (or chervil) and corne de cerf (or buck'shorn plantain, also called coronopus).]
Also (i. e. رِجْلُ الغُرَابِ) A certain mode of binding the udder of a camel, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) tightly, (Ṣ,) so that the young one cannot suck; (Ḳ;) nor will it undo. (TA.) [Hence] one says, صُرَّ عَلَيْهِ رِجْلُ الغُرَابِ, meaning ‡ The affair was, or became, difficult, or strait, to him: (A,* Ḳ:) or his life, or subsistence, was, or became, so. (TA.) [And in like manner one says also أَصَرَّ, accord. to the TA: but this I think doubtful; believing that أَصَرَّ is a mistranscription for صَرَّ, meaning that one says also صَرَّ عَلَيْهِ رِجْلَ الغُرَابِ i. e. He bound him with a bond not to be undone, or that would not undo; or he straitened him. See, again, رِجْلٌ; and a verse there cited as an ex.]
الغُرَابَانِ signifies The two lower extremities of the two hips, or haunches, that are next to the upper parts of the thighs: (Ḳ, TA:) or the heads, and highest parts, of the hips, or haunches: (TA:) or two thin bones, lower than what is called the فَرَاشَة [or, app., فَرَاش, q. v.]: (Ḳ, TA:) or, in a horse and in a camel, the two extremities of the haunches, namely, their two edges, on the left and right, that are above the tail, at the junction of the head of the haunch, (Aṣ, Ṣ, TA,) where the upper parts of the haunch, on the right and left, meet: (TA:) or the two extremities of the haunch that are behind the قَطَاة [or fore part of the croup]: (IAạr, TA:) pl. غِرْبَانٌ: Dhu-r-Rummeh says, referring to camels,
* تَقَوَّبَ عَنْ غِرْبَانِ أَوْرَاكِهَا الخَطْرُ *
meaning تَقَوَّبَتْ غِرْبَانُهَا عَنِ الخَطْرِ [The prominences of their haunches were excoriated from the lashing with the tails], the phrase being inverted, for the meaning is known; (Ṣ in this art.;) or تَقَوَّبَ may be for قَوَّبَ [i. e. the saying means the lashing with the tails excoriated the prominences of the haunches]: (Ṣ in art. خطر:) or غِرْبَانٌ signifies the haunches themselves, of camels: and is employed [by a synecdoche] to signify camels [themselves]: (IAạr, TA:) and [the sing.] غُرَابٌ is also expl. as meaning the extremity of the haunch that is next the back. (L, TA.)
غُرَابٌ signifies also The whole of the back of the head. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, شَابَ غُرَابُهُ The hair of the whole of the back of his head became white, or hoary. (TA. [See a similar phrase above in this paragraph.])
See also غُرْبٌ, former half, in two places.
And A bunch of بَرِير [or fruit of the أَرَاك, q. v.]: (Ḳ:) or a black bunch thereof: pl. غِرْبَانٌ: (TA:) or غِرْبَانُ البَرِيرِ signifies the ripe fruit of the أَرَاك. (Ṣ.)
And Hail, and snow, (Ḳ, TA,) and hoar-frost: from مُغْرَبٌ signifying the “dawn;” because of their whiteness. (TA.)
غُرُوبٌ pl. of غَرْبٌ [q. v.].
[Golius assigns to it the meaning of وِهَادٌ, which he renders “Depressiores terræ;” as on the authority of J: but I do not find this in the Ṣ.]
غَرِيبٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) andغُرُبٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andغَرِيبِىٌّ↓ (AA, TA) signify the same, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) [A stranger, or foreigner;] one far, or distant, from his home, or native country; (Mṣb;) a man not of one's own people: (TA:) a man not of one's own kindred; an alien with respect to kindred; (Ṣ in explanation of the first;) pl. of the first غُرَبَآءُ; (Ṣ, TA;) and غُرْبٌ [also] is a pl. of غَرِيبٌ, like as قُرْبٌ is of قَرِيبٌ: (TA in art. زلف:) fem. of the first غَرِيبَةٌ; pl. غَرَائِبُ. (L, TA.) أَذَاعَتْ غَزْلَهَا فِى الغَرَائِبِ, a phrase used by a poet, means She distributed her thread among the strange women: for most of the women who spin for hire are strangers. (L, TA.) And one says وَجْهٌ كَمِرْآةِ الغَرِيبَةِ [A face like the mirror of her who is a stranger]: because, the غَرِيبَة being among such as are not her own people, her mirror is always polished; for she has none to give her a sincere opinion respecting her face. (A.) And لَأَضْرِبَنَّكُمْ ضَرْبَ غَرِيبَةِ الإِبِلِ ‡ [I will assuredly beat you with the beating of the strange one of the camels] is a saying of El-Hajjáj threatening the subjects of his government; meaning, as a strange camel, intruding among others when they come to water, is beaten and driven away. (IAth, TA.) And [hence] قِدْحٌ غَرِيبٌ means † [An arrow, without feathers or head,] such as is not of the same trees whereof are the rest of the arrows. (TA.)
غَرِيبٌ signifies also Language that is strange; [unusual, extraordinary, or unfamiliar;] far from being intelligible; difficult to be understood; or obscure. (Mṣb, TA.) Hence, مُصَنَّفُ الغَرِيبِ [The composition on the subject of the strange kind of words &c.]. (A, TA.) [Hence also الغَرِيبَانِ The two classes of strange words &c., namely, those occurring in the Ḳur-án, and those of the Traditions.] And كَلِمَةٌ غَرِيبَةٌ A word, or an expression, that is [strange, &c., or] obscure: (A, TA:) غَرِيبَةٌ applied to a word [and often used as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant] is opposed to فَصِيحَةٌ: and its pl. is غَرَائِبُ. (Mz 13th نوع.)
[And hence it often signifies Improbable.]
Applied to a trad., it means Traced up uninterruptedly to the Apostle of God, but related by only one person. of the تَابِعُونَ or of those termed أَتْبَاعُ التَّابِعِينَ or of those termed أَتْبَاعُ أَتْبَاعِ التَّابِعِينَ. (KT.)
[The fem.] غَرِيبَةٌ, in a verse of Aboo-Kebeer El-Hudhalee, as some relate it, is expl. by Skr as meaning Black; syn. سَوْدَآءُ. (TA voce عَزِيزَةُ [q. v. It is perhaps used by poetic license for غِرْبِيبَةٌ, fem. of غِرْبِيبٌ.])
غَرِيبَةٌ fem. of غَرِيبٌ [q. v.]
[Hence, as a subst.,] الغَرِيبَةُ signifies ‡ The hand-mill: so called because the neighbours borrow it, (A, Ḳ, TA.) and thus it does not remain with its owners. (A, TA.)
غُرَابِىٌّ A sort of dates. (AḤn, Ḳ, TA. [See also غَرْبِىٌّ.]) In some copies of the Ḳ, for تمر is put ثمر: the former is the right. (TA.)
غَرِيبِىٌّ: see غَرِيبٌ.
غَارِبٌ [The western side of a mountain &c.]. You say, هٰذَا غَارِبُ الجَبَلِ andغَرْبِيُّهُ↓ [This is the western side of the mountain], and [in the opposite sense] هذا شَارِقُ الجَبَلِ and شَرْقِيُّهُ. (TA in art. شرق.)
Also The كَاهِل [or withers], (A, Ḳ, TA,) of the camel; (TA;) or the part between the hump and the neck; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) upon which the leading-rope is thrown when the camel is sent to pasture where he will: (Mṣb:) pl. غَوَارِبُ. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
Hence the saying, (Ṣ, &c.,) حَبْلُكِ عَلَى غَارِبِكِ [Thy rope is upon thy withers]; (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) used (Mṣb, TA) by the Arabs in the Time of Ignorance (TA) in divorcing; (Mṣb, TA;) meaning ‡ I have left thy way free, or open, to thee; (TA;) go whithersoever thou wilt: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA:) originating from the fact of throwing a she-camel's leading-rope upon her withers, if it is upon her, when she pastures; for when she sees the leading-rope, nothing is productive of enjoyment to her. (Aṣ, Ṣ, TA.)
الغَارِبَانِ signifies The fore and kind parts of the back [and of the hump]: and بَعِيرٌ ذُو غَارِبَيْنِ, A camel whereof the part between the غاربان [or fore and kind parts] of the hump is cleft; which is mostly the case in the بَخَاتِىّ, whose sire is the فَالِج [or large twohumped camel of Es-Sind] and his dam Arabian. (TA.)
And غَارِبٌ signifies also The fore part of the hump: thus in the following saying, in a trad. of Ez-Zubeyr: فَمَا زَالَ يَفْتِلُ فِى الذِّرْوَةِ وَالغَارِبِ حَتَّى أَجَابَتْهُ عَائِشَةُ إِلَى الخُرُوجِ i. e. † [And he ceased not to twist the fur of] the upper part and the fore part of the hump [until ʼÁïsheh gave him her consent to go forth]; meaning, he ceased not to practise guile with her, and to wheedle her, until she gave hun her consent: originating from the fact that, when a man desires to render a refractory camel tractable, and to attach to him the nose-rein, he passes his hand over him, and strokes his غارب, and twists its fur, until he has become familiar: (L, TA:) or غَارِبٌ signifies the upper portion of the fore part of the hump. (Lth, TA.)
Also ‡ The upper part of a wave: (Lth, TA:) غَوَارِبُ المَآءِ means ‡ the higher parts of the waves of water; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) likened to the غوارب of camels: (Ṣ, TA:) or the higher parts of water. (TA.)
And † The highest part of anything. (Mṣb, TA.)
See also غُرَابٌ, first quarter.
مَغْرِبٌ and مَغْرَبٌ: see غَرْبٌ, first quarter, in four. places. You say, لَقِيتُهُ مَغْرِبَ الشَّمْسِ (Ḳ, TA) andمَغْرِبَانَهَا↓ (Ḳ,* TA) and مَغْرِبَانَاتِهَا (TA) andمُغَيْرِبَانَهَا↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and مُغَيْرِبَانَاتِهَا (Ṣ,* Ḳ) I met, or found, him, or it, at sunset. (Ḳ, TA.) [It is said that] مُغَيْرِبَانٌ↓ is a dim. formed from a word other than that which is its proper source of derivation; being as though formed from مَغْرِبَانٌ↓. (Ṣ, L. [Hence it seems that this last word as given above was unknown to, or not admitted by, the authors of these two works.])
مَغْرِبٌ signifies also Anything [meaning any place] that conceals, veils, or covers, one: pl. مَغَارِبُ, which is applied to the lucking-places of wild animals. (Az, TA.)
مُغْرَبٌ: see 4, latter half.
Also White; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as an epithet applied to anything: or that of which every partis white; and this is the ugliest kind of whiteness. (Ḳ.) And White in the edges of the eyelids; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as an epithet applied to anything: (Ṣ:) a camel of which the edges of the eyelids, and the iris of each eye, and the hair of the tail, and every part, are white: (IAạr, TA:) and a horse of which the blaze upon his face extends beyond his eyes. (TA.) And عَيْنٌ مُغْرَبَةٌ An eye which is blue [or gray], and of which the edges of the lids, and the surrounding parts, are white: when the iris also is white, the إِغْرَاب↓ is of the utmost degree. (TA.)
Also The dawn of day: (Ḳ, TA:) so called because of its whiteness. (TA.)
عَنْقَآءُ مُغْرِبٌ (A, Ḳ) and مُغْرِبَةٌ and مُغْرِبٍ, and العَنقَآءُ المُغْرِبُ, (Ḳ,) A certain bird, of which the name is known, but the body is unknown: (A, Ḳ:) or a certain great bird, that goes far in its flight or they are words having no meaning [except the meanings here following]. (A, L, Ḳ.) [See also art. عنق.]
Calamity, or misfortune. (Ḳ.) طَارَتْ بِهِ عَنْقَآءُ مُغْرِبٌ means Calamity, or misfortune, carried him off, or away. (TA.) [See, again, art. عنق.]
And The summit of an [eminence of the kind called] أَكَمَة: (Ḳ:) or العَنْقَآءُ المُغْرِبُ signifies the summit of an أَكَمَة on the highest part of a tall, or long, mountain so says Aboo-Málik, who denies that it means a bird. (TA.)
And [The people, or the woman,] that has gone far into a land, or country, so as not to be perceived nor seen: (Ḳ:) thus is expl. in the T العَنْقَآءُ المُغْرِبُ, as transmitted from the Arabs, with the ة suppressed in like manner as it is in لِحْيَةٌ نَاصِلٌ meaning “an intensely white beard.” (TA.)
[مَغْرِبِىٌّ and مَغْرَبِىٌّ, or, accord. to some, the former only, but the latter is now common, Of the west; western: now generally meaning of the part of Northern Africa west of Egypt or of North-Western Africa: as applied to a man, its pl. is مَغَارِبَةٌ.]
شَأْوٌ مُغَرِّبٌ and مُغَرَّبٌ [A term, or limit, &c.,] distant, or remote. (Ṣ.)
And خَيَرٌ مُغَرِّبٌ Fresh, or recent, information, or news, from a foreign, or strange, land or country. (TA.) One says, هَلْ جَآءَكُمْ مُغَرِّبَةُ خَبَرٍ Has any information, or news, come to you from a foreign, or strange, land or country? (Yaạḳoob, Ṣ, TA:) and هَلْ مِنْ مُغَرِّبَةِ خَبَرٍ (AʼObeyd, A, Mṣb, TA) and مُغَرَّبَةِ خَبَرٍ (AʼObeyd, Mṣb, TA) Is there any information from a distant place? (A;) or any occasion of such information? (Mṣb;) or any new information from a distant land or country? or, accord. to Th, مغرّبة خبر means new, or recent, information. (TA.) [See an ex. voce جُنُبٌ: and see also مُقَرِّبٌ.]
المُغَرِّبُونَ, mentioned in a trad., (Hr, Nh, Ḳ, TA,) in which it is said, إِنَّ فِيكُمْ مُغَرِّبِينَ, (Hr, Nh, TA,) is expl. [app. by Moḥammad] as meaning Those in whom the jinn [or demons] have a partnership, or share: so called because a foreign strain has entered into them, or because of their coming from a remote stock: (Hr, Nh, Ḳ, TA:) and by the jinn's having a partnership, or share, in them, is said to be meant their bidding them to commit adultery, or fornication, and making this to seem good to them; so that their children are unlawfully begotten: this expression being similar to one in the Ḳur xvii. 66. (Nh, TA.)
And مُغَرِّبٌ signifies also One going, or who goes, to, or towards, the west. (Ṣ.) [See an ex. voce مُشَرِّقٌ.]
مُغَيْرِبَانٌ; pl. مُغَيْرِبَانَاتٌ: see مَغْرِبٌ, in two places.
مُسْتَغْرِبٌ: see 4, former half.