عول عوم عون


1عَامَ فِى المَآءِ

, (Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. يَعُومُ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. عَوْمٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) He swam in the water; syn. سَبَحَ: (Mgh:) العَوْمُ signifying السِّبَاحَةُ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or, accord. to the author of the “ Iktitáf, ” the former signifies the coursing along in water with immersion of oneself; and the latter, “ the coursing along upon water without immersion of oneself: ” [but see what follows:] or, as some say, the former is an act of rational beings, and the latter is of irrational; but Bḍ, on the words كُلٌّ فِى فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ [in the Ḳur xxi. 34], says that السِّبَاحَةُ is the act of rational beings. (MF, TA.) It is said in a trad., عَلِّمُوا صِبْيانَكُمُ العَوْمَ [Teach ye your young boys swimming]. (TA.) And one says, العَوْمُ لَا يُنْسَى [Swimming once learned will not be forgotten]. (Ṣ, TA.)
And عامت السَّفِينَةُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) The ship coursed along. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
And عامت النُّجُومُ, inf. n. as above, (tropical:) The stars coursed along. (TA.)
And عامت الِإبِلُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) (tropical:) The camels marched along, or journeyed, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) in the desert. (TA.) And يَعُمْنَ فِى لُجِّ السَّرَابِ (tropical:) [They course along in the apparently-boundless expanse of the mirage]. (A, TA.)

2عوّم السَّفِينَةَ

, inf. n. تَعْوِيمٌ, He made the ship to swim [or float] in [or upon] the sea. (TA.)
[J cites immediately after explaining عَامَةٌ in relation to a turban,]
* وَعَامَةٍ عَوَّمَهَا فِى الهَامَةِ *
[Many a turn or twist, of a turban, which he turned, or twisted, upon the head]. (Ṣ.)
And تَعْوِيمٌ also signifies The putting, or placing, reaped corn in handfuls. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
See also the next paragraph, in two places.

3عاومهُ

, (Lḥ, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. مُعَاوَمَةٌ and عِوَامٌ, He hired him, or tock him as a hired man or hireling, for the year: (Lḥ. TA:) or he made an engagement, or a contract, with him for work or the like, by the year (Ḳ:) or you say, عَامَلَهُ مُعَاوَمَةً; like as you say, مُشَاهَرَةً; (Ṣ, Mṣb:) the former from العَامُ, and the latter from الشَّهْرُ; &c. (Mṣb.) The مُعَاوَمَة that is forbidden is The setting the seed-produce of one's year, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) or the dates of one's palm-trees, or ones trees, for two years, or three, (so in one of my copies of the Ṣ,) or for what will come forth in the next following year: or, as in the Nh, the selling the fruit of one's palm-trees or of one's grape-nines or of one's [other] trees for two years, or three, and more than that; (TA:) or one's extending to a man the term of a debt that has become due by him and his increasing the amount of the debt: (Lḥ, TA:) or one's adding somewhat to a debt and deferring it (Ḳ.)
And عاومت السَّخْلَةُ The palm-tree bore one year and did not bear another year: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) like سَانَهَت: (Aṣ, in Ḳ and TA, art. سنه.) as also عُوُّمَت: (Ḳ:) and الكَرْمُ عَوَّمَ, inf. n. تَعْوِيمٌ, The grape-vine bore much one year and little another, (TA, [See also مُعْوِمٌ; perhaps a mistranscription for مُعَوِّمُ.])
Also (i. e. عاومت النخلة The palm-tree completed a year [of growth]. (Z. TA.)

4الدَّارُ

اعامت The house, or dwelling, became altered, or changed, and years passed over it; like احالت. (TA in art. حول.)

عَامٌ

A year syn. سَنَةٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or حَوْلٌ; [not سَنَةٌ; for] El. Jawáleeḳee says, the common people do not distinguish between the عام and the سنه, making them both to have the same meaning; but the right state of the case is what I have been told on the authority of Aḥmad Ibn-Yaḥyà [i. e. Th], that the سنه is from any day from which one commences a reckoning to the like thereof, and the عام is only [a period of] a winter and a summer; and it is also said in the T and in the Bári that the عام is a حَوْل that makes an end of a winter and a summer, so that every عام is a سنة, but every سنة is not an عام; for when you reckon from a day to the like thereof, that is a سنة, and there may be in it half of the summer. and half of the winter, whereas the عام is only a winter and a summer, without interruption: (Mṣb, MF: *) Er-Rághib mentions a difference in the uses of the words عَامٌ and سَنَةٌ [as has been stated in art. سنو and سنى: see سَنَةٌ in that art.] and Suh says, in the R, that the سنة is longer than the عام; that the former is “ a single revolution of the sun; ” and that the latter is applied to the [twelve] Arabian months [collectively]: it is said to be called عام because of the sun's عَوْم [or coursing] through all of its zodiacal signs [during the period which it denotes]: (TA:) its pl. is أَعْوامٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) because the sing. is originally of the measure فَعَلٌ [i. e. عَوَمٌ]: (Mṣb:) it has no other pl. than this. (TA.)
One says, لقِيتُهُ عَامًا أَوَّلَ [I met him in a former year; generally meaning, the year immediately preceding, or, as we say, last year]; making the last word imperfectly decl. as being an epithet [and of the measure of a verb]: and لَقِتُهُ عَامًا أَوَّلًا [I met him in a year before: generally meaning the same as the phrase preceding]; making the last word perfectly decl. as not being an epithet [but an ad(??) and Ḳ in art. وأل) or the meaning is, (??) year] before this year; even if it be by a number of years: ('Alee El-Kári, on the authority of Seer, in a marginal note in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, art. اول:) and one says also, accord. to AZ and IAạr, لَقَيتُهُ عَامَ الأَوَّلِ; (TA in art. وأل;) or the is rarely said; (Ḳ and TA in that art.;) or should not be said; (ISk, Ṣ and TA in that art.;) (??) should one say, لَقَيتُهُ عَامَ أَوَّلَ (ISk TA in the present art.) And [in like manner] one says, ما رَأَيْتُهُ مُذْ عَامٌ أَوَّلُ, putting the last word in the nom case as being an epithet, (Ṣ and Ḳ in art. وأل,) as though he said أَوَّلُ مِنْ عَامِنَا [i. e. I have not seen him since a year preceding this one year]; (Ṣ in that art.;) and مُذْ عَامٌ أَوَّلَ, putting the last word in the accus. case as an adv n., (Ṣ and Ḳ * in that art.,) as though he said مُذْ عامٌ قَبْلَ عَامِنَا [since a year before this our year]; (Ṣ in that art.;) and مُذْعَامًا أَوَّلَ and مُذْ عَامُ الأَوَّلِ are also mentioned by different authors (??)in art, منذ) And [using the dim. form] one says, لَقِتُهُ ذَاتَ العُوَيْمِ i. e. [I met him] in the course of some years; like as one says, لَقِيتُهُ ذَاتَ الزُّمَيْنِ, and ذَاتَ مَرَّةٍ: (Ṣ:) or the meaning is, (some few years ago; or] three years ago or more, to ten: (AZ, Az, TA:) and it is like the saying, لَقِيتُهُ مُنْذُ سُنَيَّاتٍ: the fem. form is used because they mean by it مَرَّة وَاحِدَة. (Az, TA.)
One says also نَاقَةٌ بَازِلُ عَامٍ and بَازِلُ عَامِهَا [A she-camel that has passed a year, and her year, after cutting her tush], (TA,) and بازِل عَامَيْنِ that has passed two years after cutting the tush. (MF and TA in art. بزل.)
See also عَامَةٌ, in two places.
It is also said in the Ḳ that العَامُ signifies النَّهَارُ: but this is a mistake and a mistranscription it is العَيَامُ; and its place is art. عيم; as it as mentioned by Az, on the authority of El-Muärrij, (TA.)

عَامَةٌ

A [kind of float, such as is called] طَوْف [q. v.], upon which one embarks on the water; (Ṣ, Ḳ:) accord. to AA, a small مِعْبَر [q. v.] that is upon rivers: (Az, TA:) in the M, said to be a thing that is made of the branches of trees, and the like, upon which one crosses a river, and which tosses about upon the water the pl. is عَامَاتٌ and عوم [app. عُومٌ, like نُوقٌ pl. of نَاقَةٌ,] and [coll. gen. n.] عَامٌ. (TA.) [See also عَامَّةٌ, voce عِمَامَةٌ.]
Also The head of a ruler, or of a rider upon a camel, (هَامَةُ رَاكِبٍ,) when it appears to thee in the [desert, or plain, called] صَحْرَآء, (Ḳ. TA,) as he is journeying: (TA:) or it is not thus called unless having upon it a turban. (Ḳ, TA.)
And A turn, or twist, of a turban. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [See 2, second sentence.]
And A quantity of reaped corn put, or placed, in handfuls: pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] عَامٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

عُومَةٌ

A certain insect (دُوَيْبَّة, Ṣ, Ḳ) that swims in the water, resembling a black فَصّ [or stone of a ring], smooth and round: (Ṣ:) pl. عُوَمٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And A species of serpents, in 'Omán. (TA.)

عَامِيٌّ

a rel. n., from عَامٌ; (Mṣb, TA;) A year old. (TA in arts. حول and دول, &c.) And applied to a plant as meaning A year old, and therefore dry. (Mṣb, TA. *) It is also applied to a [vestige, or relic, of a dwelling, such as is termed] رَسْم, or طَلَل, as meaning Over which a year has passed. (TA.) And it is applied, in a trad., as an epithet to the حَنْظَل [or colocynth, meaning That is of service in the year of drought, or barrenness]; because it is procured, or prepared [as an article of food], in the year of drought, or barrenness. (TA.)

عُوَيْمٌ

: see عَامٌ [of which it is the dim.], last quarter.

عَوَّامٌ

an intensive epithet from عَامَ فِي المَآءِ; (Mṣb;) A man skilful in swimming. (TA.)
And (assumed tropical:) A horse that stretches forth his fore legs well in running [like as one does the arms in swimming]; (Ṣ, Z, Ḳ, TA;) fleet, or excellent, in his running. (TA.)

عَائِمٌ

[Swimming;] part. n. of عَامَ in the phrase عَامَ فِي المَآءِ. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] سَفِينٌ عُوَّمٌ means عَائِمَةٌ [of which عُوَّمٌ is pl.; i. e. Ships coursing along]. (TA.)
One says سِنُونَ عُوَّمٌ, in which the latter word is a corroborative to the former; (Ṣ, Ḳ; *) [app. meaning Tedious, because severe, years;] like as one says شُغْلٌ شَاغِلٌ: as though pl. of عَائِمٌ; but it is not used alone, because it is not a subst., being only a corroborative: (Ṣ:) or, as is said in the M, it should by rule be عُومٌ; for [it is pl. of أَعْوَمُ, and] the pl. of أَفْعَلُ is فُعْلٌ; but they pronounce it as above, as though the sing. were عَامٌ عَائِمٌ: ISd says, عَامٌ أَعْوَمُ is an intensive expression, and I think that the meaning is, [A year] that seems long to people because of its drought, or barrenness; and similar to it is عَامٌ مُعِيمٌ, mentioned by Lḥ. (TA.)
عَائِمٌ is also [the name of] A certain idol (Ṣ, Ḳ) of the Arabs. (Ṣ.)

عَامٌ أَعْوَمُ

: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

عِنَبٌ مُعْوِمٌ

[perhaps a mistranscription for مُعَوِّمٌ, see 3, near the end,] means, as mentioned by Az, on the authority of En-Naḍr, [A grapevine] that bears one year and does not bear another year. (TA.)

عَامٌ مُعِيمٌ

: see عَائِمٌ, last sentence but one. [And see also art. عيم.]

شَحْمٌ مُعَوِّمٌ

Fat of a year after another year. (TA.)
See also مُعْوِمٌ.

مُسْتَعَامٌ

A ship upon the sea. (Ḳ.)