عنجف عند عندأ


1عَنَدَ عَنْهُ

, aor. عَنُدَ (Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) and عَنِدَ, (Fr, O, L,) inf. n. عُنُودٌ; (Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and عَنِدَ, aor. عَنَدَ, (L, Ḳ,) inf. n. عَنَدٌ; (L, TA;) and عَنُدَ, aor. عَنُدَ; (Ḳ;) He declined, or deviated, from it, (Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) namely, the road, (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ,) or the right course, (Mṣb,) and what was right or just or due, and from a thing; (L;) he went aside from it: (TA:) and he went, or retired, to a distance, or far away, from it. (L.) And عَنَدَ عَنْ أَصْحَابِهِ, aor. عَنُدَ, inf. n. عُنُودٌ, He left or quitted, his companions, and passed beyond them: and he left, or quitted, his companions in a journey, and took a road different from that which they followed, or remained, or fell, behind them: (ISh, L:) and he removed to a distance from his companions; as when a man leaves his people in El-Ḥijáz and goes to El-Basrah. (L.)
عَنَدَتْ and عَنِدَتْ and عَنُدَتْ She (a camel) pastured alone, (Ḳ, TA,) disdaining to pasture with the other camels, and sought the best of the herbage. (TA.)
عَنَدَ, (Ṣ, A, O, Ḳ,) aor. عَنِدَ, (Ṣ, A, O,) or عَنُدَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. عُنُودٌ (Ṣ, O, L) and عَنْدٌ; (L;) and عَنِدَ, aor. عَنَدَ, and عَنُدَ, aor. عَنُدَ; (Ḳ;) and عاند, inf. n. مُعَانَدَةٌ and عِنَادٌ; (L;) He opposed and rejected what was true, or just, knowing it to be so; (Ṣ, A, O, L, Ḳ;) he acted obstinately, knowing a thing and rejecting it, or declining from it; as did Aboo-Tálib, who knew and acknowledged the truth, but scorned to have it said of him that he followed the son of his brother. (L.)
And عَنَدَ, aor. عَنُدَ, inf. n. عُنُودٌ and عَنْدٌ, He (a man) overstepped, or transgressed, the proper bound, or limit; acted exorbitantly, or immoderately; and especially in disobedience, or rebellion. (L.)
And [hence (see عَانِدٌ)] عَنَدَ العِرْقُ, (Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ, [in the CK, erroneously, العَرَقُ,]) aor. عَنُدَ, (Ḳ,) or عَنِدَ, (Mṣb,) or both, the latter mentioned by Fr, (O,) inf. n. عُنُودٌ; (Mṣb;) and عَنِدَ, aor. عَنَدَ; and عَنُدَ, aor. عَنُدَ; (Ḳ;) as also اعند; (O, * Ḳ;) (tropical:) The vein flowed with blood, and did not cease to flow: (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ, TA:) or flowed, and hardly ceased: (L:) or flowed copiously. (Mṣb.) And عَنَدَتِ الطَّعْنَةُ, aor. عَنِدَ and عَنُدَ (assumed tropical:) The spear-wound, or stab, poured forth blood to a distance. (L.) And أَنْفُهُ اعند (assumed tropical:) His nose bled copiously. (L.) And عَنَدَ الدَّمُ (assumed tropical:) The blood flowed on one side. (L.) See also 10.

3عاند

, inf. n. عِنَادٌ [and مُعَانَدَةٌ], He acted with opposition, disobedience, or rebellion. (Mṣb.)
See also 1.
عاندهُ, (L,) inf. n. مُعَانَدَةٌ, (Ḳ,) He separated himself from him; (L, * Ḳ;) he went, or retired, to a distance, or to a place apart, from him. (L, Ḳ. [See also 1, first and second sentences.])
And عاندهُ, (T, Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb,) inf. n. مُعَانَدَةٌ (T, Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) and عِنَادٌ, (T, Ṣ, L, Ḳ,) He opposed him, disagreeing with him, or doing the contrary of what he (the other) did; (T, Ṣ, O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also اعندهُ; (O, L, Ḳ;) syn. عَارَضَهُ; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, all in explanation of the former; [but it should be observed that عارضه bears the signification expressed above and also that given in the sentence next following;]) or عَارَضَهُ بِالخِلَافِ; (O in explanation of the latter, and Mṣb in explanation of the former, as on the authority of Az [in the T], and Ḳ in explanation of both;) or خَالَفَهُ: (MA in explanation of the former:) [this is the sense in which the former is most commonly known: or as meaning he contended with him in an altercation; or did so vehemently, or obstinately: (see 6:)] the author of the T, however, says, the common people expl. يُعَانِدُهُ as meaning he does the contrary of what he [another] does; but this I know not [as occurring in the genuine language of the Arabs], nor do I admit it as of established authority. (TA.)
And, sometimes, He imitated him, doing the like of what he (the other) did; (T, L, Mṣb;) [and] so اعندهُ; (O, L, Ḳ;) thus having two contr. significations; (Ḳ;) syn. عَارَضَهُ [respecting which see the sentence next preceding]; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, all in explanation of the former;) or عَارَضَهُ بِالِوفَاقِ; (O and Ḳ in explanation of the latter;) and بَارَاهُ; (T and TA in explanation of the former;) عِنَادٌ sometimes signifying مُعَارَضَةٌ بِغَيْرِ خِلَافٍ, as is said by Aṣ, who derives it from عَنَدُ الحُبَارَى, making عَنَد in this phrase a subst. from عاند الحُبَارَى فَرْخَهُ The bustard imitated the actions of his young one in flying, on the first occasion of its rising, as though he would teach it to fly: and عاند البَعِيرُ خِطَامَهُ means The camel conformed to [and perhaps it may also mean resisted] the motion of his halter. (L.)
عاندهُ, (O,) inf. n. مُعَانَدَةٌ, (Ḳ,) also signifies He kept, or clave, to him, or it: (O, Ḳ:) the contr. of the first signification assigned to it above. (TA.)
And مُعَانَدَةٌ means also The disputing with another without knowledge of the truth or falsity of what he himself says and also of what his opponent says. (Kull p. 342.)

4اعند

, as intrans.: see 1, last quarter, in two places.
[Hence,] اعند فى قَيْئِهِ (tropical:) He vomited with successive discharges, (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ, TA,) and copiously; (TA;) and اعند القَىْءَ signifies the same. (L, TA.)
[اعند is also said by Freytag, as on the authority of the Deewán of the Hudhalees, to signify He, and it, (namely, a man, and blood,) went away.]
اعندهُ: see 3, in two places.

6تعاندا

They two [opposed each other: (see 3:) or] contended in an altercation; or did so vehemently, or obstinately. (L.)

10استعند رَأْيَهُ

He was, or became, alone in his opinion, having none to share it with him. (O.)
اِسْتَعْنَدَنِى مِنْ بَيْنِ القَوْمِ He directed his course towards me, or sought me, [singling me out] from among the people, or party. (O, Ḳ. *)
استعند said of a camel, and of a horse, He gained the mastery over the nose-rein, and over the halter, or leading-rope, (Ḳ, TA,) and resisted being led: (TA:) or استعند البَعِيرُ الصَّبِىَّ the camel overcame the boy by gaining the mastery over the nose-rein, and dragged it, or him, along: and in like manner, استعند الفَرَسُ الرَّسَنَ [the horse gained the mastery over the halter, or leading-rope]. (O.)
استعندهُ said of vomit, (A, O, Ḳ, *) and of blood, (A,) It overcame him: (O, Ḳ: *) or came forth from him copiously: (A:) and عَنَدَهُ signifies the same. (TA.)
استعند عَصَاهُ He struck, or smote, with his staff among the people. (O, Ḳ.) And [in like manner] استعند ذَكَرَهُ (O, Ḳ) i. e. زَنَى فِى النَّاسِ (O) or زَنَى بِهِ فِيهِمْ. (Ḳ.)
And استعند السِقَآءَ He doubled the mouth of the water-skin, or milk-skin, outwards, or insideout, (O, Ḳ,) or he inclined the water-skin, or milkskin, (TA,) and drank from its mouth. (O, Ḳ, TA.)

عَنْدٌ

: and عَنْدَ: see the next paragraph.

عُنْدٌ

: and عُنْدَ: see the next paragraph.

عِنْدٌ

and عَنْدٌ and عُنْدٌ, (O, Ḳ,) accord. to Ibn-ʼAbbád, (O,) i. q. نَاحِيَةٌ [app. as meaning The vicinage, or the quarter, tract, region, or place, of a person or thing]: (O, Ḳ:) whence the saying, هُوَ عِنْدَ فُلَانٍ الآنَ [He is in the vicinage, or the quarter, &c., of such a one, now]. (O.) [See also عَنَدٌ, which has a similar meaning.]
عِنْدَ and عَنْدَ and عُنْدَ signify the same, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Mughnee, Ḳ,) being dial. vars., (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) the first of which is the most common, (Mughnee,) and the most chaste: (Mṣb:) each is an adv. n. of place, and also of time; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Mughnee, Ḳ;) [used in the manner of a prep., though properly a prefixed noun;] of place when prefixed to a noun signifying a place [or anything local]; (TA;) of time when prefixed to a noun signifying a time: (Mṣb, TA:) denoting presence, (Ṣ, O,) i. e. perceptible presence, and also ideal presence, or rather the place of presence; (Mughnee;) and nearness, (Ṣ, O, Mughnee,) or the place of nearness; (Mughnee;) or the utmost nearness, and therefore it has no dim.; (T, TA;) [i. e.] it is primarily used in relation to that which is present with a person [or thing], in any adjacent part or quarter with respect to that person [or thing]; or in relation to that which is near to a person [or thing]: (Mṣb:) [thus it signifies At, near, nigh, by, near by, or close by, a place, or thing; with, present with, or in the presence of, a person or persons, or a thing or things; at the abode of a person; at the place of, or in the region of, a thing; or among, or amongst, persons or things: and at, near, nigh, or about, a time; and at, or on, or upon, denoting the occasion of an event or an action:]
using it as an adv. n. of place, you say عِنْدَ البَيْتِ [At, near, nigh, by, near by, or close by, the house or tent]; (TA;) and عِنْدَ الحَائِطِ [At, near, nigh, &c., the wall]; (Ṣ, O;) [and عِنْدِى زَيْدٌ With me, present with me, in my presence, or at my abode, is Zeyd; and كُنْتُ عِنْدَ القَوْمِ I was with, or among, the people, or party; and] فَلَمَّا رَآهُ مُسْتَقِرًّا عِنْدَهُ [And when he saw it standing in his presence (in the Ḳur xxvii. 40)] is an ex. of its use as denoting presence perceptible by sense: and it is used as denoting nearness in the phrase عِنْدَ سِدْرَةِ ٱلْمُنْتَهَى [Nigh to the lote-tree of the ultimate point of access (in the Ḳur liii. 14)]: (Mughnee:) you say also, عِنْدِى مَالٌ, meaning With me, or by me, i. e. present with me, is property; and meaning also in my possession, and in my power and at my disposal, is property, though absent from me; I have, or possess, property; (Mṣb, Mughnee; *) and لِى عِنْدَهُ مَالٌ [I have property in his hands, or possession; or there is property due to me in his hands, or possession; meaning, owed to me by him]; as also قِبَلَهُ: (TA in art. قبل:) hence it is used in relation to attributes; so that one says, عِنْدَهُ خَيْرٌ وَفَضْلٌ [He has, or possesses, goodness and excellence]; and مَا عنِدَهُ شَرٌّ [He has not evil]: and hence the saying in the Ḳur [xxviii. 27], فَإِنْ أَتْمَمْتَ عَشْرًا فَمِنْ عِنْدِكَ i. e. [And if thou complete ten years, it will be] of thy redundant bounty; (Mṣb;) [or of thine own freewill; as is implied in the explanation by Bḍ, and agreeably with common usage:] and it is used as denoting ideal presence in the phrase قَالَ ٱلَّذِى عِنْدَهُ عِلْمٌ مِنَ ٱلْكِتَابِ [He with whom was, i. e. who possessed, knowledge the of Scripture said (in the Ḳur xxvii. 40)]: (Mughnee:) [hence also] one says, لِى عِنْدَ فُلَانٍ حَاجَةٌ [I have an object of want to be sought, or required, at the hand of such a one, or a want to be supplied on the part of such a one; meaning I want a thing of such a one; as also قِبَلَ فُلَانٍ]: (TA in art. حوج:) [and in like manner one says of a right or due (حَقٌّ): and طَلَبَ حَاجَةً عِنْدَ فُلَانٍ He sought an object of want at the hand of such a one: (see an ex. in art. علو, conj. 3:)]
using it as an adv. n. of time, you say عِنْدَ الصُّبْحِ [At, near, nigh, or about, daybreak]; (Mṣb, TA;) and عِنْدَ اللَّيْلِ [At, near, nigh, or about, night]; (Ṣ, O;) and جِئْتُكَ عِنْدَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ [I came to thee at, near, &c., the rising of the sun]; (Mughnee;) [and عِنْدَ ذٰلِكَ At, on, upon, or on the occasion of, that event; thereupon; and عِنْدَمَا فَعَلَ كَذَا At, on, upon, or on the occasion of, his doing such a thing.]
It admits before it the prep. مِنْ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Mughnee, Ḳ,) but no other prep.; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb;) like as does لَدُنْ: (Ṣ, O:) as in the saying, جِئْتُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ [I came from his presence, or his vicinage: or I came from him; for in this case it may be considered as redundant]: (Mṣb:) and in the saying آتَيْنَاهُ رَحْمَةً مِنْ عِنْدِنَا وَعَلَّمْنَاهُ مِنْ لَدُنَّا عِلْمًا [Upon whom we had bestowed mercy from us, and whom we had taught, from us, knowledge (in the Ḳur xviii. 64)]: (Mughnee:) [and in an ex. above, from the Ḳur xxviii. 27: and one says of a gift, هٰذَا مِنْ عِنْدِى, meaning This is from, or of, my property; or from me; or, by way of emphasis, from myself:] one should not say [as the vulgar do], مَضَيْتُ إِلَى عِنْدِكَ; nor إِلَى لَدُنْكَ. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ. *)
Being a vague adv. n., (T, TA,) it may not be used otherwise than as an adv. n., (T, Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) except in the following case: (T, O, TA:) one says of a thing without knowing it, هٰذَا عِنْدِى كَذَا [This is in my judgment, or opinion, thus]; and thereupon another says, أَوَلَكَ عِنْدٌ [And hast thou a judgment, or an opinion?]: (T, A, * O, * Ḳ, * TA:) and in like manner one says,
* وَمَنْ أَنْتُمُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ لَكُمْ عِنْدٌ *
[And who are ye, that ye should have a judgment, or an opinion?]: (TA:) and thus in the saying, (Mughnee, TA,) of one of the Muwelleds, (Mughnee,)
* لَا يُسَاوِى نِصْفَ عِنْدِ *
* كُلَّ عِنْدٍ لَكَ عِنْدِى *
[Every judgment, or opinion, of thine, in my judgment, or opinion, will not equal the half of a judgment, or an opinion]: (Mughnee, TA:) they assert that عِنْد in this case means the mind, (T, O, * Ḳ, * TA,) i. e. القَلْب, and المَعْقُول, (O, Ḳ,) or القَلْب and مَا فِيهِ مَعْقُولُ اللُّبِّ; (T, TA;) [as in the phrase بُرْ لِى مَا عِنْدَ فُلَانٍ, expl. in the Ṣ, in art. بور, as meaning Try thou, or examine, and learn, for me, what is in the mind (نَفْس) of such a one; and in many other instances:] but this assertion is not valid: (T, TA:) [in a case of this kind] it means judgment [or opinion]: thus one says, هٰذَا عِنْدِى أَفْضَلُ مِنْ هٰذَا i. e. [This is] in my judgment [more excellent than this]: (Mṣb:) and أَنْتَ عِنْدِى ذَاهِبٌ i. e. [Thou art] in my opinion [going away]: (Fr, Th, TA:) and هٰذَا القَوْلُ عِنْدِى صَوَابٌ [This saying is in my judgment, or opinion, right, or correct]: (Mughnee:) [and in like manner, عِنْدَ ٱللّٰهِ is generally best rendered In the estimation, or sight, of God.]
[Sometimes it denotes comparison: see an ex. voce تَعَاظَمَ.]
It is also sometimes used to denote incitement, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) being in this case prefixed [to كَ or the like]; not alone: (MF:) yon say, عِنْدَكَ زَيْدًا, meaning Take thou Zeyd. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
And in cautioning a person respecting a thing before him, one says, عِنْدَكَ, [meaning Keep thou where thou art; and it is still used in this sense;] in which case it is an intrans. verbal noun. (Sb, L, TA.)

عَنَدٌ

The side [of a thing]; syn. جَانِبٌ. (Ṣ, A, O, L, Ḳ. [See also عِنْدٌ, first sentence.]) One says, يَمْشِى وَسَطًا لَا عَنَدًا [He walks in the middle, not on, or at, one side]. (Ṣ, O.) And عَنَدَهْ, [for عَنَدَهُ,] occurring at the end of a verse [of which I find several different readings, and which I have cited accord. to one of those readings voce حُبَارَى], means by its side: (O, L:) but Th says, in explaining that verse, as describing the حُبَارَى teaching its young one to fly, that العَنَدُ signifies الاِعْتِرَاضُ: [so that عَنَدَهْ there, accord. to him, app. means اِعْتِرَاضًا لَهُ, which may be rendered presenting itself before it:] or, accord. to Aṣ, [عَنَدَهْ there means imitating its actions in flying; for he says that] عَنَدٌ is a subst. from عَانَدَ الحُبَارَى فَرْخَهُ [expl. above: see 3]. (L.)

طَعْنٌ عَنِدٌ

A thrusting [with a spear or the like] to the right and left. (Ṣ, O.) [See also عَانِدٌ.]

عُنْدَدٌ

or عُنْدُدٌ, (accord. to different copies of the Ṣ,) or both, (O, L, Ḳ,) in which the radical letters are said to be عند because of the duplication of the د, and because ن when it occupies the second place in a word is not considered augmentative unless proved to be so, (L,) An avoiding, or escaping: (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ:) and the former, artifice. (AZ, O, Ḳ.) One says, مَا لِى عَنْهُ عُنْدَدٌ and عُنْدُدٌ (Lḥ, L, Ḳ, and written, as on the authority of AZ, in both these ways in the O and in different copies of the Ṣ, but with مِنْهُ in the place of عَنْهُ,) and مُعْلَنْدَدٌ (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ) and مُعْلَنْدِدٌ, (Ḳ,) meaning I have no way of avoiding it, or escaping it. (AZ, Lḥ, Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ.) And مَا وَجَدْتُ إِلَى ذٰلِكَ عُنْدَدًا and عُنْدُدًا (Lḥ, L) and مُعْلَنْدَدًا (Lḥ, Ṣ, O) and مُعْلَنْدِدًا (Lḥ, O) I found no way of attaining to that: (Lḥ, Ṣ, O, L:) and مَا لِى إِلَيْهِ مُعْلَنْدِدٌ (Lḥ, L in art. علد, and Ḳ) and مُعْلَنْدَدٌ (Lḥ, L) I have no way of attaining to it. (Lḥ, L, Ḳ.) [See also art. علد.]
عُنْدَدٌ also signifies Old, or ancient. (AA, O, Ḳ.)

[

عِنْدِيَّةٌ

A saying عِنْدِى, meaning In my opinion; an assertion of mere opinion of one's own. Hence the phrase, هٰذَا مِنْ عِنْدِيَّاتِهِ (occurring in the TA in art. جرب) This is one of his assertions of mere opinion.]

عِنْدَأْوٌ

and عِنْدَأْوَةٌ: see art. عندأ.

عَنُودٌ

One who declines, or deviates, from the right way, or course; (Ṣ, O, L;) as also عَنِيدٌ. (L.) See also عَانِدٌ as applied to a camel.
A she-camel that deviates from the road by reason of her sprightliness and strength: pl. عُنُدٌ and عُنَّدٌ; or, as ISd thinks, this latter is pl. of عَانِدٌ, not of عَنُودٌ. (L.)
A she-camel that pastures aside; (Ṣ, O;) that does not mix with the other camels, but removes to a distance from them, and always pastures aside; as also عَانِدٌ and عَانِدَةٌ, (L;) that does not mix with the other camels, but is always apart from them; (IAth;) that is on one side of the other camels: (IAạr and Aboo-Naṣr:) pl. of the first عُنُدٌ; (Ṣ, O, L;) and of the second and third, عُنَّدٌ and عَوَانِدُ. (L.)
A she-camel that continues to be opposite to the other camels, [or by their side;] keeping pace with them: one that precedes them, or leads them, is termed سَلُوفٌ: so says El-Keysee: but accord. to ISd, عَنُودٌ is applied to a beast (دَابَّة), and to a wild ass, that precedes others in her pace. (L.)
A man who alights in a place by himself, and mixes not with other persons. (A.)
See also عَنِيدٌ.
قِدْحٌ عَنُودٌ [An arrow of those used in the game called المَيْسِر] that comes forth [from the رِبَابَة] successful, in a direction, or manner, different from that of the other arrows. (O, L, Ḳ.)
عَنُودُ المِرْفَقِ [A beast] having the elbow far from the زَوْر [or breast]. (Ṣ, O, L.)
عَقَبَةٌ عَنُودٌ [A mountain road] difficult of ascent. (L.)
سَحَابَةٌ عَنُودٌ (tropical:) A cloud abounding with rain: (O, L, Ḳ:) or that hardly removes from its place: (A:) pl. عُنُدٌ. (O, L.)

عَنِيدٌ

: see عَنُودٌ, first sentence.
A man who deviates, or declines, from obedience to God. (L.) One who opposes and rejects what is true, or just, knowing it to be so; [who acts obstinately, knowing a thing and rejecting it, or declining from it; (see 1;)] as also عَانِدٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, * O, L, Ḳ,) and عَنُودٌ, (O, L, TA,) and مُعَانِدٌ. (A.) One who oversteps, or transgresses, the proper bound, or limit; who acts exorbitantly, or immoderately; and especially in disobedience, or rebellion; as also عَانِدٌ. (L.) The pl. of عَنِيدٌ is عُنُدٌ. (O.)

عَانِدٌ

A camel that deviates from the road, (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ,) and from the right course; (Ṣ, O, L;) as also عَنُودٌ: (O:) pl. of the former عُنَّدٌ. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
See also عَنُودٌ, in two places.
And see عَنِيدٌ, likewise in two places.
Also (assumed tropical:) Blood flowing on one side. (L.)
And (tropical:) A vein flowing with blood, and not ceasing to flow: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, L:) or flowing, and hardly ceasing: (L:) or flowing copiously: (Mṣb:) likened to a man who exceeds the proper bound or limit, or acts exorbitantly; (A'Obeyd, L;) or to one who disallows, or rejects, what is true, or just, knowing it to be so. (Mgh.)
And طَعْنَةٌ عَانِدَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A spear-wound, or stab, pouring forth blood to a distance: (L:) [or طَعْنٌ عَانِدٌ signifies the lightest, or slightest, piercing or thrusting; for] AA says that the lightest, or slightest, piercing or thrusting (أَخَفُّ الطَّعْنِ) is termed الوَلْقُ, and العَانِدُ signifies the like thereof. (Ṣ, O.)

عَانِدَةُ الطَّرِيقِ

The course that deviates from the [right] road. (L.)

مُعَانِدٌ

: see عَنِيدٌ. [And see also its verb.]

مُعْلَنْدَدٌ

and مُعْلَنْدِدٌ: see عُنْدَدٌ, in six places.
The latter also signifies A country, (Ibn- ʼAbbád, O,) or land, (Ḳ,) containing neither water nor pasture. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ.) It is mentioned in different places by the lexicographers; in arts. علد and علند and in the present art.