عسجد عسر عسف


1عَسُرَ

, aor. عَسُرَ, inf. n. عُسْرٌ (Ṣ, A, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and عُسُرٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and عَسَارَةٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) [and مَعْسُورٌ and عُسْرَةٌ and مَعْسَرَةٌ and مَعْسُرَةٌ and عُسْرَى (see عُسْرٌ below)]; and عَسِرَ, aor. عَسَرَ, inf. n. عَسَرٌ; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and تعسّر, (A, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and تعاسر, (Ḳ,) and استعسر; (A, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) It (an affair, or a thing, Ṣ, A, O, Mṣb) was, or became, difficult, hard, strait, or intricate. (Ṣ, A, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, * TA.) You say, عَسُرَ عَلَيْهِ, (TA,) and عَسِرَ, (Ṣ, O,) and تعسّر, and تعاسر, and استعسر, (Ḳ,) It was, or became, difficult, hard, strait, or intricate, to him. (Ṣ, * O, * Ḳ.)
عَسُرَ مَا فِى البَطْنِ, (as in the CK and a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ,) or عَسَرَ, (accord. to the TA,) What was in the belly would not come forth. (Ḳ.) You say عَسَرَ عَلَيْهِ مَا فِى البَطْنِ What was in his belly would not come forth. (TA.)
See also 4.
عَسُرَ, (Mṣb,) or عَسَرَ, (IḲṭṭ, TA,) or عَسِرَ, (TḲ,) inf. n. عُسْرٌ and عَسَارَةٌ (Mṣb, IḲṭṭ, TA) and عَسَرٌ, (IḲṭṭ, Ḳ,) He (a man) had little gentleness, (Mṣb, IḲṭṭ,) فِى الأُمُورِ [in the execucution of affairs]; (Mṣb;) and was narrow, or niggardly, in disposition: (IḲṭṭ:) or he was hard in disposition; or illnatured. (Ḳ, * TḲ.)
عَسُرَ عَلَيْهِ, (A, and so in the CK and a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ,) or عَسَرَ, (as in the TA,) inf. n. عُسْرٌ, (TA,) He acted contrarily, or adversely, to him; opposed him; (A, Ḳ;) as also عسّر, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تَعْسِيرٌ: (TA:) and عليه عسّر also signifies he straitened him. (Sb, O, * TA.)
عَسُرَ الزَّمَانُ, (so in the CK and in a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ,) or عَسَرَ, (so in the TA,) Time, or fortune, became severe, rigorous, afflictive, or adverse, (Ḳ,) عَلَيْنَا to us. (TA.
عَسُرَتِ النَّاقَةُ and عَسِرَت The she-camel was untrained. (O.)
And عَسَرَتْ, (Ḳ, TA,) and عَسَرَتْ بِذَنَبِهَا, (Ṣ, O, TA,) aor. عَسِرَ, inf. n. عَسَرَانٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA) and عَسْرٌ, (O, Ḳ, TA,) She (a camel) raised her tail, after conception, to show the stallion that she was pregnant: (Ṣ, * O, TA:) and [as also, app., عسّرت, or عسّرت دَنَبَهَا, inf. n. تَعْسِيرٌ, (see ناقة عَسِيرٌ, voce عَسِرٌ,)] she (a camel) raised her tail in her running. (Ḳ, TA.) [In the former case, the action denotes repugnance to the stallion: in the latter, a degree of refractoriness: in both, difficulty.]
عَسَرَ الغَرِيمَ, aor. عَسِرَ and عَسُرَ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. عَسْرٌ; (Ṣ, O;) and أَعْسَرَهُ; (O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) He demanded the debt of the debtor, it being difficult to him to pay it: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ: *) and he took it of him, it being difficult to him to pay it, and was not lenient towards him until he was in easy circumstances. (TA.)
عَسَرَهُ, (Aṣ, TA,) and اعتسرهُ, (Ṣ, TA,) He forced, or compelled, him, against his wish; [عَلَى الأَمْرِ to do the thing;] i. q. قَسَرَهُ, (Aṣ, TA,) and اقتسرهُ. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
عَسِرَ, and عَسِرَتْ, (TḲ,) or عَسَرَتْ, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. عَسِرَ, (TḲ,) inf. n. عَسَرٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) He, (a man, TḲ,) and she, (a woman, TḲ,) was left-handed. (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
عَسَرَنِى, (O, L, and Ḳ, and so in a copy of the Ṣ,) aor. عَسِرَ, (L,) or عَسُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. عَسْرٌ; (L, TA;) and عَسَّرَنِى, (Ḳ,) or عَسِرَنِى, (L and TA, and so in a copy of the Ṣ,) aor. عَسَرَ; (TA;) He came on my right side. (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ, TA.)

3عاسرهُ

, (Ḳ,) inf. n. مُعَاسَرَةٌ, (Ṣ, O,) He treated him, or behaved towards him, with hardness, harshness, or ill-nature; (Ṣ, * O, * Ḳ;) مُعَاسَرَةٌ is the contr. of مُيَاسَرَةٌ. (Ṣ, O.)

4اعسر

, (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. إِعْسَارْ, (Kr, Mgh, &c.,) and, accord. to Kr, عُسْرٌ; but correctly, the former is an inf. n., and عُسْرَةٌ is a simple subst.; [as is also عُسْرٌ;] (TA;) He was, or became, in a state of difficulty; possessing little power or wealth: (TA:) he became poor: (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) he lost his property. (Ṣ, O.) عَسَارٌ in the sense of إِعْسَارٌ is a pure mistake. (Mgh.)
اعسرت She (a woman) had, or experienced, difficulty in bringing forth; (Lth, Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as also عَسَرَتْ. (O, TA.) You say, in praying for a woman in labour, أَيْسَرَتْ وَأَذْكَرَتْ (Lth, A) May she have an easy birth, and may she bring forth a male child: (Lth, O:) and in the contr. case you say, أَعْسَرَتْ وَآنَثَتْ [May she have a difficult birth, and may she bring forth a female child]. (Lth, A, O, TA.)
And in like manner, She (a camel) had difficulty in bringing forth, her young one sticking fast at the time of the birth. (O, TA.)
And She (a camel) did not conceive during her year [after she had been covered]; (Ḳ, * TA;) as also عُسِّرَتْ, in the pass. form. (TA.)
اعسر الغَرِيمَ: see عَسَرَ.

5تعسّر

: see 1, in two places.
It (spun thread, غَزْلٌ, in the Ḳ قَوْلٌ [speech], but this is a mistake, TA) became entangled, so that it could not be unravelled; as also تغسّر, with the pointed غ: so accord. to Lth, as related by Az, who confirms it as of the language of the Arabs: but Ṣgh, in the TṢ [and O], says, You say of a thing, when it has become difficult, استعسر and تعسّر; but of spun thread, when it has become entangled, so that it cannot be unravelled, تغسّر, with the pointed غ; not with the unpointed ع, unless using a forced, or constrained, mode of speech. (TA.)

6تَعَاسَرَا

[They were difficult, or hard, each with the other; they treated, or behaved towards, each other with hardness, harshness, or illnature;] they disagreed, each with the other; said of a buyer and seller, and of a husband and wife; (TA;) تَعَاسُرٌ is the contr. of تَيَاسُرٌ: (Ṣ, O:) see Ḳur lxv. 6. (TA.)
See also 1, in two places.

8اعتسرهُ

in the sense of اقتسرهُ: see عَسَرَهُ.
اعتسر النَّاقَةَ He rode the she-camel before she was trained, (Ṣ, A, O,) while she was difficult to manage: (A:) or he took her in the first stage of her training, while yet difficult to manage, and attached her rein to her nose, and rode her. (Ḳ.)
Hence, اعتسر الكَلَامَ (tropical:) He uttered the speech without premeditation; without measuring and preparing it in his mind. (Az, A.)
اعتسر مِنْ مَالِ وَلَدِهِ He took of the property of his son, or child, or children, against the wish of the latter: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) so occurring in a trad., with س; from الاعتسار signifying “ the act of forcing, or compelling: ” but accord. to one relation of that trad., it is with . (TA.)

عَسْرٌ

, or العَسْرُ: see عِسْرٌ, in two places.

عُسْرٌ

and عُسُرٌ (Ṣ, A, O, Ḳ) and عَسَرٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and مَعْسُورٌ [respecting which, as well as some other words here mentioned, see below, in this paragraph, and see what is said of its contr. مَيْسُورٌ, voce يُسْرٌ,] and عُسْرَةٌ and مَعْسَرَةٌ and مَعْسُرَةٌ and عُسْرَى [all of which are app. inf. ns., of 1, q. v.,] (Ḳ) Difficulty; hardness; straitness; intricacy; contr. of يُسْرٌ. (Ṣ, A, O, Ḳ.)
ʼEesà Ibn-ʼOmar observes that every noun of three letters of which the first is with damm and the second quiescent is pronounced by some of the Arabs with the second movent like the first; as عُسْرٌ and عُسُرٌ, and رُحْمٌ and رُحُمٌ, and حُلْمٌ and حُلُمٌ. (Ṣ, O.)
It is said in the Ḳur [lxv. 7], سَيَجْعَلُ ٱللّٰهُ بَعْدَ عُسْرٍ يُسْرًا [God will give, after difficulty, ease]. (O, TA.) And again, [xciv. 5 and 6,] فَإِنَّ مَعَ ٱلْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا مَعَ ٱلْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا [And verily with difficulty shall be ease: verily with difficulty shall be ease]: on reciting which, Ibn-Mes'ood said, لَنْ يَغْلِبَ عُسْرٌ يُسْرَيْنِ [A difficulty will not predominate over twofold ease], which, says Abu-l-ʼAbbás, is meant as an explanation of the words of the Ḳur immediately preceding it, agreeably with a rule mentioned by Fr [and applying to most cases, but not to all]: for العسر being mentioned, and then repeated with ال, the latter is known to be the same as the former; and يسرا being mentioned, and repeated without ال, the latter is known to be different from the former. (O, * TA.)
It is also said, لَوْ دَخَلَ العُسْرُ جُحْرًا لَدَخَلَ اليُسْرُ عَلَيْهِ [If difficulty were to enter a burrow in the ground, ease would enter upon it]. (TA.)
As to مَعْسُورٌ, it is the contr. of مَيْسُورٌ, and both are inf. ns.: (Ṣ, O:) or they are put in the places of عُسْرٌ and يُسْرٌ: (TA:) or accord. to Sb, they both are epithets; for he holds that there is no inf. n. of the measure مَفْعُولٌ; and the saying دَعْهُ إِلَى مَيْسُورِهِ وَإِلَى مَعْسُورِهِ is expl. as signifying Leave thou him to a thing in which he experiences ease, and to a thing in which he experiences difficulty: and مَعْقُولٌ is also expl. in like manner. (Ṣ, O.) [In like manner also,] فُلَانٍ بَلَغْتُ مَعْسُورَ [may be expl. as signifying I effected a thing in which such a one experienced difficulty; meaning I treated such a one with hardness, harshness, or illnature; being] said when thou hast not treated the person of whom thou speakest with gentleness, graciousness, courtesy, or civility. (O, TA.) You also say, [using معسور and its contr. ميسور as epithets,] خُذٌ مَيْسُورَهُ وَدَعٌ مَعْسُورَهُ [Take thou what is easy thereof, and leave thou what is difficult thereof]. (A.)
عُسْرٌ also signifies Poverty: (Mṣb:) and عُسْرَةٌ, [the same: or] littleness of possessions, of property, of wealth, or of power: (Ṣ, TA:) and مَعْسَرَةٌ and مَعْسُرَةٌ, [the same: or] difficulty, and poverty; contr. of مَيْسَرَةٌ: (O, TA:) both inf. ns.: (O:) and عُسْرَى, [the same: or] difficult things, affairs, or circumstances; (TA;) contr. of يُسْرَى: (Ṣ, O, TA:) and fem. of أَعْسَرُ, applied to a thing, or an affair, or a circumstance. (TA.)
جَيْشُ العُسْرَةِ [The army of difficulty] is an appellation given to the army of Tabook; because they were summoned to go thither during the intense heat of summer, (O, Ḳ,) and in the season of the ripening of the fruit, (O, TA,) so that it was hard to them; (O, Ḳ;) and because the Prophet never warred before with so numerous an army, amounting to thirty thousand. (O, TA.)
فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَى, in the Ḳur [xcii. 10], signifies, as some say, [We will smooth his way] to punishment, and a difficult case. (O, TA.)

عِسْرٌ

, (Ṣ,) or العِسْرُ, (O, Ḳ,) A certain tribe of the Jinn, or Genii; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as also عَسْرٌ, (Ṣ,) or العَسْرُ: (O, Ḳ:) or the first, (Ṣ, O,) or second and ↓ last, (Ḳ,) a land inhabited by Jinn. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)

عَسَرٌ

: see عُسْرٌ.

عَسِرٌ

Difficult, hard, hard to be done or accomplished, hard to be borne or endured, distressing, strait, or intricate; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ; *) applied to an affair, or a thing; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb;) as also عَسِيرٌ. (Ṣ, A, O, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
حَاجَةٌ عَسِرٌ, and عَسِيرٌ, (Ḳ,) or عَسِيرٌ and عَسِيرَةٌ, (L,) A want difficult of attainment. (L, Ḳ.)
يَوْمٌ عَسِرٌ, (Ḳ,) and عَسِيرٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and أَعْسَرُ, (Ḳ,) A difficult day; a day of difficulty; (Ṣ;) a hard, distressful, or calamitous, day; or an unfortunate, or unlucky, day. (Ḳ.)
رَجُلٌ عَسِرٌ A man having little gentleness in [the execution of] affairs: (Mṣb:) or hard in disposition; or illnatured. (Ḳ.) [See 1.]
نَاقَةٌ عَسِيرٌ, (Ṣ, A, O,) or عَسِيرَةٌ, (as in one copy of the Ṣ,) A she-camel not trained: (Ṣ, A, O:) or نَاقَةٌ عَسِيرٌ and عَوْسَرَانَةٌ and عَيْسَرَانَةٌ [and app. عَيْسَرَانِيَّةٌ] (Ḳ) or عَوْسَرَانِيَّةٌ (Lth, Az, Ṣ, O, L) and عَيْسَرَانِيَّةٌ (Lth, Az, TṢ, O, L) and عَيْسُرَانِيَّةٌ, (Lth, Az, TṢ, O,) but what Lth says is not agreeable with the usage of the Arabs, (Az, TṢ, O,) a she-camel that is ridden, (Lth, Az, Ṣ, O, TA,) or laden, (TA,) before she has been trained: (Lth, Az, Ṣ, O, TA:) or that has been taken in the first stage of her training, while yet difficult to manage, and had her nose-rein attached, and been ridden: (Ḳ:) and the epithet applied to a he-camel is عَسِيرٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) or عَسِرٌ, (CK,) and عَيْسَرَانٌ (Lth, Az, and so in some copies of the Ḳ,) and عَيْسُرَانٌ (Lth, Az, TA, and so, in the place of the form immediately preceding, in some copies of the Ḳ,) and عَيْسَرَانِىٌّ (TA) and عَيْسُرَانِىٌّ (Ḳ, TA) and عَوْسَرَانِىٌّ. (Ṣ, O.)
Also نَاقَةٌ عَسِيرٌ A she-camel that raises her tail in her running; as also عَاسِرٌ: (Ḳ:) or the latter, raising her tail after conception: (TA:) [see 1:] and [its pl.] عَوَاسِرُ, applied to wolves, that are agitated in their running, and shake the head, and contort (تَكْسِرُ) their tails, (Ṣ, TA,) by reason of briskness. (TA.) And نَاقَةٌ عَوْسَرَانِيَّةٌ A she-camel that is wont to raise her tail when she runs, (TṢ, O, Ḳ,) by reason of sprightliness. (O, TA.) In the L, instead of تَعْسِيرُ, preceding ذَنَبِهَا, we find تَكْسِيرُ. (TA.)
Also, نَاقَةٌ عَسِيرٌ, (Lth, O, Ḳ,) or عَسِيرَةٌ, (Ṣ,) accord. to Lth, (TA,) A she-camel not conceiving during her year [after having been covered]: (Lth, Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) but Az says that this explanation by Lth is not correct, and that ناقة عسير signifies, as expl. above, “ a she-camel that is ridden before she has been trained; ” and so As explains it; and ISk says the same. (TA.)

عُسُرٌ

: see عُسْرٌ.

عُسْرَةٌ

: see عُسْرٌ, in three places.

عَسَرَهٌ

: see أَعْسَرُ, last sentence.

عُسْرَى

: see عُسْرٌ, in three places: and see also أَعْسَرُ.

عَسِيرٌ

and عَسِيرَةٌ: see عَسِرٌ, throughout.

عَاسِرٌ

; and [its pl.] عَوَاسِرُ: see عَسِرٌ, latter half.

عَوْسَرَانَةٌ

and عَوْسَرَانِيٌّ and عَوْسَرَانِيَّةٌ: see عَسِرٌ; the last in two places.

عَيْسَرَانٌ

and عَيْسُرَانٌ and عَيْسَرَانَةٌ and عَيْسُرَانَةٌ and عَيْسَرَانِىٌّ and عَيْسُرَانِىٌّ and عَيْسَرَانِيَّةٌ and عَيْسُرَانِيَّةٌ: see عَسِرٌ.

أَعْسَرُ

[More, and most, difficult, hard, strait, or intricate; contr. of أَيْسَرُ;] applied to a thing, or an affair, or a circumstance: fem. عُسْرَى. (TA.)
Applied to a day, i. q. عَسِرٌ, q. v.; (Ḳ;) unfortunate, or unlucky, (O.)
A left-handed man; one who works with his left hand; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) one whose strength is in his left hand or arm, and who does with that what others do with the right: (TA:) fem. عَسْرَآءُ: (Ḳ:) and pl. عُسْرَانٌ, (O, TA,) like as سُودَانٌ is a pl. of أَسْوَدُ, (TA,) and عُسْرٌ. (O.) None is stronger in casting or shooting than the أَعْسَر. (TA.)
أَعْسَرُ يَسَرٌ A man who uses both his hands [alike]; ambidextrous; an ambidexter: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) fem. عَسْرَآءُ يَسَرَةٌ: (TA:) you should not say [of a man that he is] أَعْسَرُ أَيْسَرُ; (Ṣ, TA;) nor of a woman that she is عَسْرَآءُ يَسْرَآءُ. (TA.)
العَسْرَآءُ, fem. of الأَعْسَرُ, The left hand or arm. (TA.)
حَمَامٌ أَعْسَرُ A pigeon, or pigeons, having a whiteness in the left wing. (Ṣ, O.) And عُقَابٌ عَسْرَآءُ An eagle whose feathers on the left side are more numerous than those on the right: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ: *) and (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) some say (Ṣ, O) having, in its wing, white primary feathers. (O, Ḳ.) And عَسْرَآءُ A white primary feather; (O, Ḳ;) and so عَسَرَةٌ. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ; in one of my copies of the Ṣ written عِسْرَة.)

مِعْسَرٌ

A man who presses his debtor, and straitens him, or puts him in difficulty. (T, TṢ, O, Ḳ.) [See 1, latter half].

مَعْسَرَةٌ

and مَعْسُرَةٌ: see عُسْرٌ; each in two places.

مَعْسُورٌ

: see عُسْرٌ, in four places.