, (Mṣb, Ḳ, and Ḥam p. 369,) aor. عَزَىَ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. عَزَآءٌ; (Ḳ;) and عَزَى, (Ḥam ubi suprà,) or عَزَا, inf. n. as above; (Ḥam p. 125;) He was, or became, patient, or enduring, (Mṣb, Ḳ, and Ḥam,) or commendably so, (Ḳ,) of that which befell him. (Mṣb.)
عَزَاهُ إِلَى أَبِيهِ, first pers. عَزَيْتُهُ, aor. عَزِىَ, inf. n. عَزْىٌ: see 1 in art. عزو.
[Hence,] عَزَيْتُ الحَدِيثَ, aor. أَعْزِيهِ, I traced up, or ascribed, or attributed, the tradition [إِلَى قَائِلِهِ to the original relater thereof]; syn. أَسْنَدْتُهُ. (Mṣb, TA. *)
, inf. n. تَعْزِيَةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and تَعْزَآءٌ, (TA,) He enjoined [or exhorted] him to be patient, or enduring, (Ṣ, * Ḳ, * TA,) or to have comely patience; (Ḳ, TA;) i. q. أَسَّاهُ [q. v.]: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA, all in art. اسو:) [and hence, he consoled him; often used in this sense:] or he said to him, أَحْسَنَ ٱللّٰهُ عَزَآءَكَ, meaning May God grant thee comely patience. (Mṣb.) [You say, عزّاهُ عَنْهُ He enjoined, or exhorted, him to endure with patience the death of him; or the loss, or want, of it: and hence, he consoled him for the death of him; in which sense, عزّاهُ فِيهِ is also now used.]
See also عَزَآءٌ, below.
He took patience; or constrained himself to be patient, or enduring; syn. تَصَبَّرَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) and تأَسَّى [q. v.]; (TA;) the sign of doing which is the saying, إِنَّا لِلّٰهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ [Verily to God we belong, and verily unto Him we return]. (Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., [as some relate it,] مَنْ لَمْ يَتَعَزَّ بِعَزَآءِ ٱللّٰهِ فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا, expl. by some as meaning Such as does not constrain himself to be patient [with the patience of God, he is not of us]. (TA. [See another reading voce تَعَزَّزَ.]) And you say, تَعَزَّيْتُ عَنْهُ, meaning I constrained myself to endure with patience the loss, or want, of him, or it: [and hence, I consoled myself for the loss, or want, of him, or it: held by some to be] originally تَعَزَّزْتُ, meaning I exerted my strength or energy [to divert myself from him, or it]; like تَظَنَّيْتُ for تَظَنَّنْتُ. (TA in art. عز.) You say also تعزّى بِهِ, meaning تَأَسُّى به [i. e. He took patience, or constrained himself to be patient, by reflecting upon him, or it; or he took example by him, or became consoled by his example, meaning the example of a person who had suffered in like manner and had been patient]. (Ṣ in art. اسو.)
They enjoined [or exhorted] one another to be patient, or enduring, or to have comely patience. (Ḳ, TA.) [And hence, They consoled one another.]
Patient, or enduring; or having comely patience. (Ḳ.)
, held by some to belong to this art.: see art. عزو.
: see عَزَآءٌ in art. عزو.
or endurance; (Ṣ, Ḳ;)
signifies the same, as in the saying هُوَ حَسَنُ العِزْوَةِ [He is comely in respect of patience or endurance]
: (Ḥam p. 369:)
or patient endurance of the loss of anything: (TA:)
or comely patience
or endurance; (Ḳ, TA;)
as also تَعْزُوَةٌ
accord. to the copies of the Ḳ, but correctly
↓تَعْزِيَةٌ [inf. n. of 2, as though for تَعْزِيَةُ النَّفْسِ i. e. self-enjoinment, or self-exhortation, to be patient or enduring, as is indicated by what follows]
: an Arab of the desert, whose brother had slain a son of his, is cited by the author of the Ḥamáseh as saying, [on his brother's being brought to him that he might retaliate upon him, (see Ḥam p. 100,)]
[I say to the soul, i. e. to myself, enjoining patience and enjoining endurance, One of my two hands has smitten me, not desiring, or not meaning, to do so]
* أَقُولُ لِلنَّفْسِ تأْسَآءًا وَتَعْزِيَةً *
* إِحْدَى يَدَىَّ أَصَابَتْنِى وَلَمْ تُرِدِ *
: (TA:) تَأْسَآءٌ
is [syn. with تَأْسِيَةٌ, inf. n. of أَسَّى,]
: and التَّعْزِيَةُ [signifies as rendered above; or]
is derived from العَزَازُ
, i. e. “ the hard ground, ” and means the strengthening of the heart:
or it is from عَزَوْتُهُ إِلَى أَبِيهِ
; because the afflicted remembers his ancestors who have gone before him; and he means, I enjoin the soul to endure his loss with patience, becoming consoled by the example of others whose sons have been slain. (Ḥam ubi suprà.)
عَزَآءٌ is also a quasiinf. n.; like عَطَآءٌ, meaning إِعْطَآءٌ, from أَعْطَى: (TA:) or a subst. [signifying Enjoinment, or exhortation, to be patient: and hence, consolation: and, as often used in the present day, the state, or ceremony, of mourning, when relations and friends come to console the bereaved:] from عَزَّيْتُهُ; like سَلَامٌ from سَلَّمٌ, and كَلَامٌ from كَلَّمَ. (Mṣb.)
Very patient or enduring. (Ḥam p. 125.)
: see عَزْوَى, in art. عزو.
[A place of consoling: and hence a place of wailing for a dead person, because relations and friends go thither to console the bereaved]. (A. [There used as an explicative adjunct to مَنَاحَةٌ.])
: see عَزْوَى (in art. عزو) in two places.