عزق عزل عزم


1عَزَلَهُ

, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. عَزِلَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. عَزْلٌ, (Mṣb, TA,) He put it, or set it, apart, away, or aside; removed it; or separated it; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e., a thing; عَنْ غَيْرِهِ [from another thing, or from other things]. (Mṣb.)
And hence, He removed, deposed, or displaced, him, namely, an agent, or a deputy, from his office, or exercise of authority. (Mṣb.) Or عَزَلَهُ عَنِ العَمَلِ He removed, deposed, or displaced, him [from the agency, or administration, or government]. (Ṣ, O, TA.) And عزّلهُ, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. تَعْزِيلٌ, (TA,) signifies the same as عَزَلَهُ. (Ḳ, TA.) [In like manner also اعزل is said by Freytag to signify Semovit, followed by عن, as on the authority of the Ḳ; in which I do not find it.] And عُزِلَ He was, or became, removed deposed, or displaced, [from his office, &c.,] (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) used as quasi-pass. of عَزَلَهُ; in which sense انعزل is [said to be] not used, because in it [i. e. عَزَلَهُ] no labour, or exertion, is implied. (Mṣb.)
عَزَلَ said of the مُجَامِع means Paulò ante emissionem, [penem suum] extraxit, et extra vulvam semen emisit. (Az, * Mṣb, TA. *) You say, عَزَلَ عَنْهَا, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) the pronoun referring to the man's female slave, (Ṣ, O,) inf. n. عَزْلٌ, (Az, Mgh, O, TA,) [vaguely expl. as] meaning He did not desire her [having] offspring; as also اِعْتَزَلَهَا: (Ḳ:) the motive being that the woman might not conceive. (Az, TA.)
عَزِلَ, aor. عَزَلَ, (TA,) inf. n. عَزَلٌ, (Mgh, * TA,) He (a horse) had his tail inclining to one side, (Mgh, TA,) by habit, not naturally: (TA:) when it inclines to the right side, the Arabs deem it unlucky. (Z, TA.) [See also عَزَلٌ below.]

8اعتزلهُ

and تعزّلهُ both signify the same, (Ṣ, O, TA,) i. e. He went apart, away, or aside; removed; or separated himself; from him, or it: (O, TA:) and so اعتزل عَنْهُ and عنه تعزّل: (TA:) or اِعْتَزَلْتُ النَّاسَ and تَعَزَّلْتُهُمْ I went apart, away, or aside; removed; or separated myself; from men, or the people; [withdrew from association, or communion, with them; seceded from them;] and left, forsook, or quitted, them: and both verbs are sometimes used intransitively: (Mṣb:) [i. e.] اعتزل and تعزّل [used alone sometimes] signify he went apart, away, or aside; &c.; as also انعزل: (Ḳ, TA: [the last omitted in this place in the CK; but mentioned afterwards, voce تعازلوا:]) and they said, عَنِ النَّاسِ انعزل meaning he went apart, or aside, from men, or the people: (Mṣb:) and one says, of a pastor, يَعْتَزِلُ مِنَ النَّاسِ بِمَاشِيَتِهِ وَيَرْعَاهَا بِمَعْزِلٍ [He goes apart, or aside, with his cattle, and pastures them in a place remote, or separate, from men, or the people]. (Ṣ, O.) وَ إِنْ لَمْ تُؤْمِنُوا لِىْ فَٱعْتَزِلُونِ, in the Ḳur [xliv. 20], means, accord. to Ibn-'Arafeh, [And if ye believe me not,] leave me on equal terms, not being against me nor for me. (O.) [And you say, اعتزلهُ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ He withdrew himself from him to another: see Ḥar p. 245.] And اِعْتَزَلَهَا, expl. above, as syn. with عَزَلَ عَنْهَا: see 1. And يَعْتَزِلُ الحَرْبَ [He withholds himself, or keeps aloof, from war, or battle]: said of him who has no weapon. (TA.)

عَزْلٌ

What is brought to the treasury of the state in advance, not weighed, nor picked so as to have the bad put forth from it, to the time of the falling-due of the instalment: (O, Ḳ, TA:) [for the second of the last three words of the explanation, which are correctly إِلَى مَحِلِّ النَّجْمِ, the O has محَلِ; the CK, مَحَلِّ; and my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, محل, without any vowel-sign and without the sheddeh:] from Ibn-ʼAbbád; (O;) and thus in the L. (TA.)

عُزْلٌ

: see the next paragraph.

عَزَلٌ

inf. n. of عَزِلَ [q. v.]. (TA.)
Also The state, or condition, of not having with one any weapon; and so عُزْلٌ: (Ḳ, TA: [the latter, by reason of an ambiguity in the Ḳ, misunderstood by Freytag as syn. with عِزَالٌ in the sense in which this is expl. in the CK:]) they are two dial. vars., like شَغَلٌ and شُغْلٌ, and بَخَلٌ and بُخْلٌ. (TA.)
And A deficiency in one of the حَرْقَفَتَانِ [app. meaning, in the crest of one of the two hip-bones]. (IAạr, O, Ḳ.)
And The hinder part of an ass: so in the saying, اِقْرَعْ عَزَلَ حِمَارِكَ [Strike thou the binder part of thy ass]: (O, Ḳ:) said to the driver of the ass. (O.)

عُزُلٌ

: see أَعْزَلُ, in three places.

عُزْلَةٌ

a subst. (Ṣ, Mṣb) signifying A going apart. away, or aside; removal, or separation of oneself; (Ṣ, * L, Mṣb, * Ḳ;) [a withdrawing of oneself from association or communion; or secession: and it seems to be sometimes used in a sense similar to that of اِعْتِكَافٌ; for] one says, العُزْلَةُ عِبَادَةٌ [app. meaning Retirement, or self-seclusion, is a mode of religious service]. (Ṣ, L, TA.)

العَزَلَةُ

The حَرْقَفَة [app. meaning the crest of the hip-bone]. (Ḳ.)

عَزْلَآءُ

[originally fem. of أَعْزَلُ; a subst. signifying] The lower mouth [or spout or outlet] of the [leathern water-bag called] مَزَادَة; (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb;) the part where the water pours forth from the رَاوِيَة [a word here, as in many other instances, used as syn. with مَزَادَة,] and the like of this, (Ḳ, TA,) such [for instance] as the قِرْبَة, in the bottom thereof, where the water contained in it is drawn forth: Kh says that to every مزادة there are عَزْلَاوَانِ [dual of عَزْلَآءُ], in the bottom thereof; but it is said in the M that the عزلآء is thus called because it is in one of the خُصْمَان [meaning the two lower corners] of the مزادة; not in its middle; nor is it like its mouth, in which it receives the water: (TA:) [the mouth, by means of which this kind of water-bag is filled, is in the middle of the upper edge; and the عزلآء, in every instance that I remember to have seen, is in the binder of the two lower corners, and is tied round with a thong: (see مَزَادَةٌ in art. زيد:)] the pl. is عَزَالٍ (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, * written with the article العَزَالِى, and in the Ḳ [improperly] عَزَالِى without the article,) and عَزَالَى also (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) is allowable; (Ṣ, O;) and العَزَائِلُ occurs in a trad. for العَزَالِى; these two words being like الشَّائِكُ and الشَّاكِى. (TA.)
[Hence,] El-Kumeyt says, [describing clouds (سَحَاب),]
* مَرَتْهُ الجَنُوبُ فَلَمَّا ٱكْفَهَرْ *
* رَ حَلَّتْ عَزَالِيَهُ الشَّمْأَلُ *
(assumed tropical:) [The south wind drew them forth; and when they became black and dense and accumulated, the north wind loosed their spouts; i. e. caused the rain to pour forth]. (Ṣ, O.) And one says of a cloud (سَحَابَة), (Mgh, TA,) when it discharges its pouring [rain], (Mgh,) or when it pours forth copious rain, (TA,) أَرْخَتْ عَزَالِيَهَا (tropical:) [It loosed its spouts], (Mgh,) or قَدْ حَلَّتْ عَزَالِيَهَا [it has loosed its spouts], and أَرْسَلَتْ عَزَالِيَهَا, (TA,) which [means the same and] is said [also] of the sky (السَّمَآء) by way of indicating the vehement falling of the rain, this being likened to its descent from the mouths [meaning spouts] of the مَزَادَة [or rather of the مَزَاد or مَزَايِد]. (Mṣb.)
And [hence also,] العَزْلَآءُ signifies (assumed tropical:) The اِسْت [i. e. the anus; as being an outlet; and as being closed by means of a sphincter, like as the عزلآء properly thus termed is closed by means of a thong tied round it]. (O, Ḳ.)

عُزْلَانٌ

is a word used by the vulgar in the sense of عَزْلٌ [app. as inf. n. of عَزَلَهُ, q. v.]. (TA.)

عِزَالٌ

Weakness; syn. ضَعْفٌ. (L, Ḳ, TA: in the CK ضَعِيف.)
It is also a vulgar term for The goods, or furniture and utensils, of the house or tent. (TA.)

العَزَالَانِ

[a dual of which the sing. is not mentioned] The two feathers that are at the extremity of the tail of the eagle: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ:) pl. أَعْزِلَةٌ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O.)

العَزَائِلُ

, for العَزَالِى: see عَزْلَآءُ.

العُزَّالُ

: see المُعْتَزِلَةُ.

أَعْزَلُ

Sand (رَمْل) separate, or cut off, (IAạr, O, Ḳ,) from other sands. (IAạr, O.)
Also A man not having with him any weapon; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as also عُزُلٌ, (O, Ḳ,) occurring in a trad.; (O;) and مِعْزَالٌ, (Ḳ,) or this signifies not having with him a spear; (Ṣ, * Ḳ;) and the first is sometimes expl. as having this particular meaning: (TA:) pl. of the first, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) and of عُزُلٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) عُزْلٌ and عُزْلَانٌ and عُزَّلٌ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) which is anomalous, but made to accord with حُسَّرٌ, pl. of the epithet حَاسِرٌ, because nearly like it in meaning, (R, MF,) and أَعْزَالٌ, (Ḳ,) or or this is pl. of عُزُلٌ, (O, TA,) and مَعَازِيلُ, (IJ, Ḳ,) which is anomalous, (TA,) and this is pl. of مِعْزَالٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) also. (Ḳ.) Hence, the epithet الأَعْزَلُ is applied to one of the سِمَاكَانِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) i. e., to one of the two stars of which each is called السِّمَاكُ [q. v.]; (TA;) because, unlike [the other سماك, i. e.] الرَّامِحُ, it has no star [near] before it that is regarded as its weapon; (Ṣ, * O, * Ḳ, * TA;) or because in the days of its rising [aurorally] there is no cold nor wind. (O, Ḳ.)
And A bird that cannot fly. (MF, TA.)
And Clouds (سَحَاب) in which is no rain. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
And A horse having his tail inclining to one side, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ,) by habit, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) not naturally. (Ṣ, O.) [See عَزِلَ.] Hence the saying, أَعُوذُ بِٱللّٰهِ مِنَ الأَعْزَلِ عَلَى الأَعْزَلِ i. e. [I seek protection by God] from a [or the] man having with him no weapon, upon a [or the] horse of which the عَسِيب [or bone of the tail, or part of the tail where the hair grows,] is crooked. (TA.)
And [app. as an epithet applied to an ass or the like,] Deficient in one of the حَرْقَفَتَانِ [which seems here to mean, in the crest of one of the two hip-bones]. (IAạr, O, Ḳ.)
And The share, of flesh-meat, of an absent man: (IAạr, O, Ḳ: *) pl. عُزْلٌ. (IAạr, O.)

مَعْزِلٌ

A place of removal, or separation of oneself: so in the saying, كُنْتُ بِمَعْزِلٍ عَنْ كَذَا وَكَذَا [I was in a place, and hence in a state, of removal, or separation, of myself, from such and such things; I was aloof therefrom]. (TA.) See 8. وَكَانَ فِى مَعْزِلٍ, in the Ḳur [xi. 44], means And he was aloof from the ship [i. e. the ark], or from the religion of his father. (O, TA.) And one says, أَنَا عَنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ بِمَعْزِلٍ [I am aloof from this affair]. (Ṣ, O.) And فُلَانٌ عَنِ الحَقِّ بِمَعْزِلٍ Such a one is aloof from the truth. (Mṣb.)

مِعْزَالٌ

A pastor who goes apart, or aside, with his cattle, and pastures them in a place remote, or separate, from men, or the people: (Ṣ, O:) or a pastor apart from others (Ḳ, TA) with his camels depasturing the herbage not previously pastured upon and seeking successively the places where rain had fallen: in this sense not an epithet of discommendation, for the doing thus is an act of the courageous and valiant of men: (TA:) pl. مَعَازِيلُ. (Ṣ.)
And One who alights apart, or aloof, from the company of travellers; (Ḳ, TA; [من السَّفَرِ in the CK should be مِنَ السَّفْرِ;]) who alights by himself; in which sense it is an epithet of discommendation. (TA.)
And One who separates himself from the players at the game called المَيْسِر, by reason of meanness. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
And One who is alone in his opinion, having no one to share with him in it. (TA.)
See also أَعْزَلُ in two places.
Also Weak and stupid. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)

مَعْزُولٌ

[pass. part. n. of عَزَلَهُ; Put, or set, apart, away, or aside; &c.]. إِنَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّمْعِ لَمَعْزُولُونَ, in the Ḳur [xxvi. 212], means Verily they are debarred, or precluded, from hearing [the speech of the angels]. (TA.)

المُعْتَزِلَةُ

A sect of the قَدَرِيَّة [q. v.], who asserted that they seceded from what were in their estimation the two parties of error, the people of the سُنَّة and خَوَارِج: (O, Ḳ:) [therefore they were thus called, i. e. the Seceders:] or they were thus called by El-Ḥasan (Ḳ, TA) Ibn-Yesár El-Basree (TA) when Wásil Ibn-'Atà and his companions withdrew from him to one of the columns of the mosque, [agreeably with a common practice of lecturers in a mosque, each of them seating himself on the ground at the foot of a column, while his hearers, with him, seated also on the ground, form a ring,] and he (i. e. Wásil, TA) began to establish the dictum of the condition between the two conditions, that the committer of a great sin is not a believer absolutely (Ḳ, TA) nor an unbeliever absolutely (Ḳ, TA, but not in the CK,) but between the two conditions: (Ḳ, TA:) and they are also called العُزَّالُ. (TA.)