عجل عجم عجن
عَجَمَهُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. عَجْمٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and عُجُومٌ, (Ḳ,) He bit it: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) and he chewed it: (Mṣb:) or he chewed it for the purpose of eating or of trial: (Ḳ:) or he bit it with the lateral teeth, not with the central incisors: (TA:) or he bit it, namely, a piece of wood, or a stick, or rod, or the like, in order to know whether it were hard or fragile: (Ṣ:) or he tried it with his lateral teeth in order that he might know, or prove, its hardness: and he bit it, namely, a gaming-arrow known for winning, between two lateral teeth, in order to make upon it a mark by which he might know it. (TA.)
Hence, (TA,) ‡ He tried, tested, or proved, him. (Ḳ, TA.) And عَجَمْتُ عُودَهُ † I tried, tested, or proved his case, and knew his state, or condition. (Ṣ, TA.) And عَجَمَتْهُ الأُمُورُ † Affairs exercised him so as to render him strong for them, and habituated, or inured, to them. (TA.) And Kabeesah Ibn-Jábir says,
*وَعَاجَمْتُ↓ الأُمُورَ وَعَاجَمَتْنِى ** كَأَنِّى كُنْتُ فِى الأُمَمِ الخَوَالِى *
[† And I have tried affairs, and they have tried me, as though I were of the generations that have passed away]; meaning, as though I were one of the long-lived, by reason of my many trials. (Ḥam p. 340.)
[Hence also,] one says, الثُّوْرُ يَعْجُمُ قَرْنَهُ † The bull smites the tree with his horn to try, or test, it. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And عَجَمَ السَّيْفَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. عَجْمٌ, (TA,) † He shook the sword to try, or test, it. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
مَا عَجَمَتْكَ عَيْنِى مُنْذُ كَذَا means † My eye has not seen thee since such a time; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) and is said by a man to one with whom his [last] meeting was long past. (TA.) An Arab of the desert is related to have said, تَعْجُمُكَ عَيْنِى, meaning † [My eye seems to know thee; or] it seems to me that I have seen thee. (TA.) And one says, رَأَيْتُ فُلَانًا فَجَعَلَتْ عَيْنِى تَعْجُمُهُ i. e. † [I saw such a one,] and my eye seemed to know him, (Lḥ, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) not knowing him perfectly, as though not certain of him. (TA.) And عَجَمُونِى † They knew me. (TA.)
And [hence, app.,] one says, نَظَرْتُ فِى الكِتَابِ فَعَجَمْتُ, meaning † [I looked into the book, or writing, and] I did not know surely its letters. (TA.)
عَجُمَ, [aor. ـُ,] inf. n. عُجْمَةٌ, He had an impotence, or an impediment, or a difficulty, in his speech, or utterance; and [a barbarousness, or vitiousness, therein, especially in speaking Arabic; (see عُجْمَةٌ below;) i. e.] a want of clearness, perspicuousness, distinctness, chasteness, or correctness, therein. (Mṣb.)
see the verse cited in the first paragraph.
اعجمهُ He made it (i. e. speech, or language, Ṣ, Ḳ, or a thing, TA) to want, or be without, or to have a quality the contrary of, clearness, perspicuousness, or distinctness; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,* TA;) or [to be barbarous, or vitious, i. e.] to want, or be without, chasteness, or correctness. (Ḳ,* TA.) Ru-beh says, [in some verses very differently cited in different copies of the Ṣ,] of him who attempts poetry without having knowledge thereof,
* يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُعْرِبَهُ فَيُعْجِمُهْ *
[He desires to make it clear, &c., and he makes it to want clearness, &c.]. (Ṣ.)
And He dotted it, or pointed it, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) namely, a letter, (Ṣ,) or a writing; (Ḳ;) he removed its عُجْمَة [or want of clearness, &c.,] by means of dots, or [diacritical] points, (Nh, Mṣb, TA,) and [the signs called] شَكْل, [but see شكل,] which distinguished it, namely, a letter, from other letters; the ا denoting privation; (Mṣb;) as ISd holds to be the case; (TA;) and soعجّمهُ↓, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,) inf. n. تَعْجِيمٌ; (Ṣ;) andعَجَمَهُ↓, (Ḳ,) inf. n. عَجْمٌ; (Ṣ;) for J's assertion [in the Ṣ] that one should not say عَجَمْتُ is a mistake: (Ḳ:) this last verb, however, which J thus disallows, is disallowed also by Th, in his Fṣ, and by most of the expositors thereof; and J confined himself to the correct and chaste. (TA.)
And He locked it; namely, a door. (Mṣb.)
نَهَانَا النِّبِىُّ أَنْ نُعْجِمَ النَّوَى طَبْخًا [The Prophet forbade us to make the date-stones to become as though they were chewed and bitten], (Ḳ,* TA,) occurring in a trad., means that when dates are cooked for دِبْس, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. for taking their sweetness, (TA,) they should be cooked gently, so that the cooking shall not extend to the stones, (Ḳ, TA,) nor produce upon them such an effect as that of their being chewed and bitten, (TA,) and thus spoil the taste of the حَلَاوَة, (Ḳ, TA,) so in the copies of the Ḳ, but correctly, as in the Nh, the سُلَافَة [here meaning the sweet decocture]; (TA;) or because they [the date-stones] are food for the home-fed animals, and therefore they should not be thoroughly cooked, that their taste, (Ḳ, TA,) in the Nh their strength, (TA,) may not go away: (Ḳ, TA:) or the meaning is, [that he forbade] the cooking the date-stones immoderately, so that they would crumble, and their strength, with which they would be good for the sheep, or goats, would be spoiled. (TA.)
استعجم He was unable to speak: (TA:) he was silent, mute, or speechless; (Ḳ, TA;) said of a man. (TA.) And اِسْتَعْجَمَتِ الدَّارُ عَنْ جَوَابِ سَائِلِهَا [The dwelling kept silence from replying to its interrogator]: and Imra-el-Ḳeys says,
* صَمَّ صَدَاهَا وَعَفَا رَسْمُهَا ** وَٱسْتَعْجَمَتْ عَنْ مَنْطِقِ السَّائِلِ *
[Its echo has become dumb, and its trace has become effaced, and it has become in the state of keeping silence from answering the speech of the interrogator]: he makes استعجمت trans. by means of عن because it is used in the sense of سَكَتَتْ. (TA.)
One says also, استعجم عَلَيْهِ الكَلَامُ, (Ṣ,) or عَلَيْنَا, (Mṣb,) meaning Speech was as though it were closed against him, or us; or he, or we, became impeded in speech, unable to speak, or tongue-tied; syn. اِسْتَبْهَمَ: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) andانعجم↓ عليه الكلام; [which means the same;] syn. اِنْطَبَقَ and اِنْغَلَقَ. (Ḳ * and TA in art. طبق.) And accord. to the Ḳ, one says, استعجم القِرَآءَةَ, meaning He was unable to perform [or continue] the recitation, or reading, by reason of the overcoming of drowsiness: but what is said in the Nh and other works is اِسْتَعْحَمَتْ عَلَيْهِ قِرَآءَتُهُ i. e. His recitation, or reading, was cut short, and he was unable to perform [or continue] it, by reason of drowsiness: and it is also expl. as meaning he was, or became, impeded in his recitation, or reading, and unable to perform [or continue] it, as though he became one in whom was عُجْمَة. (TA.)
And استعجم الخَبَرُ means The information, or narration, was dubious, confused, vague, or difficult to be understood or expressed; or was not to be understood or expressed; as though it were closed [against the hearer or speaker]; syn. اِسْتَبْهَمَ, and اِسْتَغْلَقَ. (Mṣb in art. بهم.)
عَجْمٌ The young of camels; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) such as the بَنَات لَبُون and حِقَاق and جِذَاع: (IAạr, Ṣ,* Mṣb,* TA:) thus far: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) when they have entered upon the state of إِثْنَآء, they are of the جِلَّة thereof: (IAạr, TA:) applied to the male and to the female: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. عُجُومٌ [app. meaning young camels of different ages not exceeding the age of the جَذَع]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And The root, or base, of the tail; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) which is the عُصْعُص; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as alsoعُجْمٌ↓; (Ḳ;) like عَجْبٌ [and عُجْبٌ]; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) [each] a dial. var. of عجب; (Mṣb;) or, accord. to Lḥ, the م is a substitute for the ب of عجب. (TA.)
[Golius and Freytag have assigned to this word a meaning belonging to عَجْمِىٌّ.]
عُجْمٌ: see the next preceding paragraph:
and that here following.
عَجَمٌ [Foreigners, as meaning] others than Arabs; such as are not Arabs; [often used as implying disparagement, like barbarians; and often especially meaning Persians;] (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoعُجْمٌ↓, [of which see an ex. in a verse of Lebeed cited voce رَازِقِىٌّ,] (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or this latter may be a pl. of the former: (TA:) عَجَمِىٌّ↓ (of which أَعْجَامٌ is pl., TA) signifies one thereof; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) one who is of the race of the عَجَم; (Ḳ;) though he may be chaste, or correct, in [the Arabic] speech; (Mgh, Ḳ;) the ى denoting unity; but it is also the relative ى, and thus one may apply to an Arab the appellation عَجَمِىٌّ↓ as meaning called thus in relation to the عَجَم: (Mṣb:) and one says alsoرَجُلٌ أَعْجَمُ↓ [a man not of the Arabs]: andقَوْمٌ أَعْجَمُ↓ [a people, or party, not of the Arabs]. (Ḳ.)
Also The stones of dates (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and of the drupes of the lote-tree (Mṣb) and of grapes (Mgh, Mṣb) and of raisins and of pomegranates and the like, (Mgh,) or also of other things, (Mṣb,) or the similar stones of anything, (Ḳ,) or also whatever is in the interior of a thing that is eaten such as the raisin and the like; (Ṣ;) andعُجَامٌ↓ signifies the same: (Ḳ:) the vulgar say عَجْم↓: (Yaạḳoob, Ṣ:) [see also غِيضٌ, in an explanation of which عَجَمٌ is evidently, I think, used as meaning the heart (commonly termed جُمَّار q. v.) of the palm-tree:] the n. un. is عَجَمَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) which is incorrectly expl. by AḤn as meaning a grape-stone when it germinates. (ISd, TA.)
Also Camels that bite, or chew, the [trees called] عِضَاه and the tragacanths and [other] thorny trees, and satisfy themselves therewith so as to be in no need of the [plants called] حَمْض. (Ṣ.)
عَجْمَةٌ sing. of عَجَمَاتٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) which signifies Hard rocks (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) protruding (lit. growing forth) in a valley. (TA.)
عُجْمَةٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) An impotence, or an impediment, or a difficulty, (Mṣb, TA,*) in speech, or utterance; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) and [a barbarousness, or vitiousness, therein; i. e.] a want of clearness, perspicuousness, distinctness, chasteness, or correctness, therein, (Mgh, Mṣb,) meaning, in speaking Arabic. (Mgh, Mṣb.*) [See also 1, last sentence, where it is mentioned as an inf. n.]
Also, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) andعِجْمَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) Such as is accumulated, or congested, of sand: or abundance thereof: (Ḳ, TA:) or sand rising above what is around it: (TA:) or the last portion of sand. (Ṣ in explanation of the former.)
عِجْمَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
عَجَمَةٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) thus in the L, and thus correctly, (TA,) i. e. بِالتَّحْرِيكِ, (Ṣ, TA,) but in the Ḳ عَجْمَةٌ↓, (TA,) [app. from the same word as signifying “a date-stone,” n. un. of عَجَمٌ,] A palmtree growing from a date-stone. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
عَجْمِىٌّ, with the ج quiescent, Intelligent and discriminating; (Ḳ, TA;) applied to a man. (TA.)
عَجَمِىٌّ; pl. أَعْجَامٌ: see عَجَمٌ, first sentence. [The sing. is applied to anything as meaning Of, or belonging to, the عَجَم.]
عَجَمِيَّةٌ [A speech, or language, foreign to the Arabs]. (TA in art. رطن.)
عُجَامٌ: see عَجَمٌ, latter half.
عَجُومٌ: see عَجَمْجَمَةٌ.
عُجَامَةٌ A thing that one has bitten, or chewed [like مُضَاغَةٌ]. (TA. [The explanation there given is ما عجمه: correctly مَا عَجَمْتَ.])
عَجُومَةٌ: see عَجَمْجَمَةٌ.
عَجَّامٌ The large خُفَّاش [or bat]; and the وَطْوَاط [which accord. to some signifies the same as خُفَّاش; but accord. to others, the large خُفَّاش; or the swallow; or a species of the swallows of the mountains]. (Ḳ.)
عَاجِمَةٌ: and عَاجِمَاتٌ: see what next follows.
عَوَاجِمُ [a pl. of which the sing. عَاجِمَةٌ↓ (a subst. formed from the act. part. n. عَاجِمٌ) I do not find mentioned] The teeth. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And Camels; because they bite, or chew, bones; and soعَاجِمَاتٌ↓. (TA.)
عَجَمْجَمَةٌ applied to a she-camel, (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ,) Strong; like عَثَمْثَمَةٌ: (AA, Ṣ:) or strong to journey; as alsoعَجُومَةٌ↓ (Ḳ, TA) andعَجُومٌ↓: (TA:) pl. of the first عَجَمْجَمَاتٌ. (AA, Ṣ.)
أَعْجَمُ One having an impotence, or an impediment, or a difficulty, in speech, or utterance, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) though he may be clear, perspicuous, distinct, chaste, or correct, in speaking a foreign language; (Ṣ;) and [barbarous, or vitious therein; i. e.] not clear, perspicuous, distinct, chaste, or correct, therein; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) meaning, in speaking Arabic, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,* Ḳ,*) though he may be an Arab; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) andأَعْجَمِىٌّ↓ signifies the same, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and therefore, if applied to an Arab, it does not imply reproach; (Mṣb; [but it is said in the Mgh that this demands consideration;]) or this latter epithet is applied to a tongue, or speech, and to a book, or writing, but not to a man unless it be syn. with the former epithet: (Ṣ:) the fem. of the former is عَجْمَآءُ: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb:) and the dual masc. أَعْجَمَانِ (Ṣ) and fem. عَجْمَاوَانِ; (Ḥar p. 226;) and the pl. masc. أَعْجَمُونَ (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA) and أَعَاجِمُ (Ṣ, TA) and عُجْمَانٌ: (TA:) and the pl. ofأَعْجَمِىٌّ↓ is أَعْجَمِيُّونَ. (Mṣb.) See also عَجَمٌ, first sentence, in two places.
Also Dumb; speechless; destitute of the faculty of speech; (Ḳ, TA:) unable to speak; and soمُسْتَعْجِمٌ↓: (Ṣ, TA:) fem. of the former as above. (TA.)
Hence, (Ṣ,) by predominance of its application, (Mgh,) عَجْمَآءُ signifies A beast, or brute; syn. بَهِيمَةٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) and soمُسْتَعْجِمٌ↓ [or the fem. of this]: (TA:) pl. of the former in this sense, as a subst., عَجْمَاوَاتٌ: (Ḥar p. 13:) [and] عَجْمَآءُ is applied [also] as an epithet to a beast, or brute, (بهيمة,) for the like reason. (Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., جُرْحُ العَجْمَآءِ جُبَارٌ [expl. in art. جبر]. (Ṣ, Mgh.)
[Hence also] فَحْلٌ أَعْجَمُ signifies A stallion [camel] that brays in a شِقْشِقَة [or faucial bag] to which there is no perforation, so that the sound does not issue from it: and they approve of the sending such among the شَوْل [or she-camels that have passed seven or eight months since the period of their bringing forth] because he usually begets females. (TA.)
‡ The prayer of the daytime is termed عَجْمَآءُ because the reciting [of the Ḳur-án] therein is inaudible; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) i. e. the prayer of noon and of afternoon; (TA;) and these two together are termed العَجْمَاوَانِ. (Ḥar p. 226.)
مَوْجٌ أَعْجَمُ means ‡ Waves that do not sprinkle their water, and of which no sound is heard. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And عَجْمَآءُ [or رَمْلَةٌ عَجْمَآءُ?] † A tract of sand in which are no trees. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
أَعْجَمِىٌّ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence, in two places. [It is often improperly used for عَجَمِىٌّ.]
أَعْجَمِيَّةٌ [A barbarous, or vitious, speech or language]. (TA in art. رطن.)
صُلْبُ المَعْجَمِ [lit. Hard in respect of the place of biting, or of chewing. And hence,] applied to a man, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) as alsoصُلْبُ المَعْجَمَةِ↓, (TA,) ‡ Mighty, strong, resisting, or indomitable, in respect of spirit; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) such as, when tried by affairs, or events, is found to be mighty, strong, or resisting, and hard, or hardy. (TA.) Andنَاقَةَ ذَاتُ مَعْجَمَةٍ↓ ‡ A she-camel having strength, or power, and fatness, and endurance of journeying: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or having patience, and soundness, and strength for treading the way with vehemence: [for الدعك the last word of this explanation in my original, (evidently, I think, a mistranscription,) I read الدَّعْق:] Sh disapproves of the saying having fatness: accord. to IB, the phrase signifies a she-camel such as, when tried, is found to have strength for traversing the desert, or waterless desert; and he says that it does not mean in which is fatness. (TA.)
مُعْجَمٌ [pass. part. n. of 4: and also an inf. n. of that verb]. حُرُوفُ المُعْجَمِ, an appellation of The letters of the alphabet (الحُرُوف المُقَطَّعَة) [of the language of the Arabs], most of which are distinguished by being dotted from the letters of other peoples, means حُرُوفُ الخَطِّ المُعْجَمِ [the letters of the dotted character]: (Ṣ:) or by المُعْجَمِ is meant الإِعْجَامِ, it being an inf. n., like المُدْخَل (Ṣ, Ḳ) and المُخْرَج, (Ṣ,) so that the meaning of حُرُوفُ المُعْجَمِ is [the letters] of which a property is the being dotted: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) of which explanations, the latter is held by Mbr and IB and others to be the more correct. (L, TA.)
Also, applied to a door, Locked. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
مَعْجَمَة: see مَعْجَم, in two places.
مُعَجَّمٌ [applied to a plant, or herbage, Much bitten; or] eaten [or depastured] until but little thereof has remained. (IAạr, TA.)
مُسْتَعْجَمٌ: see أَعْجَمُ, in two places.