طه طهر طهو
طَهَرَ and طَهُرَ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. of each ـُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. طَهَارَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is of each verb, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and طُهْرٌ, (Sb, Ḳ,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Ṣ, Mṣb,) It was, or became, clean, free from dirt or filth, or pure. (A,* Mṣb, Ḳ.*) طهارة is of two kinds; [properly] corporeal and [tropically] spiritual. (TA.)
And طَهَرَتْ, (M, Mgh, Ḳ,) or طَهَرَتْ مِنَ الحَيْضِ, aor. ـُ; (Mṣb;) and طَهُرَتْ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is allowable, (IAạr,) but of rare occurrence, (Mṣb,) and طَهِرَتْ, [which is of more rare occurrence;] (M, El-Isnawee;) inf. n. طُهْرٌ and طَهَارَةٌ and طُهُورٌ and طَهُورٌ; (TA;) She was, or became, pure from the menstrual discharge; (Mgh;) her discharge of blood stopped. (Mgh, Ḳ.) See also 5. The saying, إِنَّ الشَّاةَ تَقْذِى عَشْرًا ثُمَّ تَطْهُرُ [Verily the ewe, or she-goat, emits a white fluid from her womb during ten nights, and then becomes pure,] is mentioned on the authority of Lḥ: but ISd says, whether he mentioned this as heard from the Arabs, or did so presumptuously, I know not. (TA.)
طَهَرَهُ, aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. طَهْرٌ, (TḲ,) signifies He made it, or caused it, to be, or become, distant, or remote; syn. أَبْعَدَهُ: (O, Ḳ:) and so طَحَرَهُ; (O, TA;) the ح being substituted for ه. (TA.)
طهّرهُ, inf. n. تَطْهِيرٌ, [He cleansed, or purified, him, or it:] (Ṣ:) and طهّرهُ بِالمَآءِ he washed him, or it, with water: (Ḳ:) andأَطْهَرَهُ↓ signifies the same as طهّرهُ. (Bḍ in lvi. 78.)
طَهِّرَا بَيْتِى, in the Ḳur [ii. 119], Cleanse ye my house [the Kaabeh] of the idols (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, Bḍ, Jel) and impurities; and what does not become it: (Bḍ:) or clear ye it: (Bḍ:) or cleanse ye my house from [pollution by] disobediences and forbidden actions: (Az:) or, accord. to some, it means an incitement to purify the heart. (TA.)
وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ, in the Ḳur [lxxiv. 4], means And cleanse thy clothes from dirt: (Jel:) or shorten thy clothes, to prevent their being rendered dirty by trailing along the ground: (Jel, TA:) or † purify thy heart: or † thy soul: or † make thy conduct right: (TA:) and see other explanations voce ثَوْبٌ.
طهّر وَلَدَهُ † He performed the rite of circumcision upon his son [and so purified him]. (TA.)
طهّرهُ ٱللّٰهُ ‡ [God purified him from sin]. (A.)
طهّرهُ الحَدُّ † The prescribed punishment, such as stoning &c., cleansed him from his sin. (TA.)
لَمْ يُرِدِ ٱللّٰهُ أَنْ يُطَهِّرَ قُلُوبَهُمْ, in the Ḳur [v. 45], means † God hath not pleased to cleanse their hearts from infidelity: (Bḍ, Jel:) or to direct. (TA.)
see 2, first sentence.
تطهّر, inf. n. تَطَهُّرٌ, is sometimes changed into اِطَّهَّرَ, inf. n. اِطَّهُّرٌ, the ت being incorporated into the ط, and this requiring a conjunctive ا, (Ṣgh, Ḳ,) in order that the word may not begin with a quiescent letter: (Ṣgh:) and طَهُورٌ is also an inf. n. [or rather a quasi-inf. n.] (Sb, Ḳ) of تَطَهَّرَ, (Mgh, TA,) like as وَضُوْءٌ is [said to be] of تَوَضَّأَ. (TA.) The meaning is, [He became cleansed, or purified: or he cleansed, or purified, himself: and] he washed himself. (Mgh.) You say, تطهّر بِالمَآءِ [He cleansed, or purified, or washed, himself with water]: (Ṣ:) he performed the ablution termed الوُضُوْء: and that termed الاِسْتِنْجَآء; (A;) as also تطهّر alone, as used in the Ḳur ix. 109: (Mgh, TA:) and the same verb, alone, is expl. as signifying he made use of water, or what supplied its place; thus used in the Ḳur v. 9. (TA.) In the Ḳur vii. 80 and xxvii. 57, the verb is used derisively. (TA.) You say also, تطهّرت, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and اِطَّهَّرَتْ, (Mgh,) meaning, She cleansed, or purified, herself by washing, from [the pollution of] the menstrual discharge, (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) &c.; (Ḳ;) as alsoطَهَرَتْ↓ and طَهُرَتْ; (Mṣb,* Ḳ;) agreeably with what is said in the B, that طَهَرَ and طَهُرَ and اطّهّر and تطهّر have the same signification: (TA:) or تطهّرت and اطّهّرت have this signification; but the unaugmented verb has the signification first assigned to it, or “her discharge of blood stopped:” (Abu-l-ʼAbbás, IAạr:) in the Ḳur ii. 222, some read حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ; and others, حَتَّى يَطَّهَّرْنَ: but the latter reading is the preferable, on account of the difference between the two forms of the verb, just mentioned: (Abu-l-ʼAbbás:) or the law which allows not the touching a woman until she has performed the ablution mentioned above shows the two forms of the verb to be the same in signification. (TA.)
Also ‡ He removed himself far from unclean things, or impurities. (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ.*)
‡ He refrained from sin, (Ḳ, TA,) and from what was not good: (TA:) he removed himself far from low, or ignoble, habits: and in this sense, accord. to some, it is used in the Ḳur vii. 80 and xxvii. 57. (TA.) And تطهّر مِنَ الإِثْمِ ‡ He removed himself far from sin. (A.)
طُهْرٌ [see 1:]
Cleanness; freedom from dirt or filth; or pureness. (Ṣ,* Mṣb.)
The state of pureness from the menstrual discharge: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb:) pl. أَطْهَارٌ. (A, Mṣb.) And the pl. signifies The days of a woman's state of pureness from the menstrual discharge. (Ḳ.)
طَهِرٌ: see طَاهِرٌ, in three places.
طُهْرَةٌ a subst. from التَّطْهِيرُ [and signifying A cleansing, or purification: and in this sense it was applied by the Christians to baptism]: (Mgh:) or from طَهَّرَهُ بِالمَآءِ [and signifying a cleansing, or purification, by water]: (Ḳ:) or cleanness, or pureness. (TḲ.)
طَهُورٌ inf. n. of 1; as also طُهُورٌ: (TA:) and inf. n. [or rather quasi-inf. n.] of 5. (Sb, Mgh, TA.)
A thing [such as water] with which one cleanses or purifies: (T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) a word similar to فَطُورٌ and سَحُورٌ and وَقُودٌ: (Ṣ:) and the author of the “Matáli' el-Anwár” mentions طُهُورٌ also in this sense; but this is strange and anomalous: (En-Nawawee:) the former occurs in the Ḳur xxv. 50: (Ṣ:) or it signifies water with which the ablution termed وُضُوْء is performed: (A, IAth:) or it has the signification next following. (Ḳ.) It is said, التَّوْبَةُ طَهُورٌ لِلْمُذْنِبِ ‡ [Repentance is a means of purifying the sinner, or criminal]. (A.) Lth says that it is that which is [accompanied] by the execution of the prescribed punishment, such as stoning &c. (TA.) [See also مَطْهَرَةٌ.]
It is also an epithet, (Mgh, TA,) and signifies Clean and cleansing, or pure and purifying: (Th, T, Mgh, Mṣb:) whatever God has created descending from the sky, or welling forth from the earth as a spring or river or sea, in which a human being does nothing but drawing water, and of which the colour is not changed by anything mixing with it, nor the taste thereby, is طَهُور: and what is otherwise, as the water of roses and of the leaves of trees, and what flows from the grape-vine, though it be طَاهِر, is not طَهُور: (Esh-Sháfiʼee:) the former removes impurities: the latter, if not at the same time طَهُور, does not: (TA:) or very clean or pure: (A, Mṣb:) the explanation by Th, if meant to show that the word signifies of the utmost cleanness or pureness, is correct and good: otherwise, it is not so; for فَعُولٌ is not formed from تَفْعِيلٌ: (Mgh, O:) it is also explained as signifying, simply, cleansing, or purifying: (B, TA:) also as syn. with طَاهِرٌ, as in the phrase رِيقُهُنَّ طَهُورٌ [their saliva is pure]: but here it is either an intensive epithet or used for طَاهِرٌ for the sake of the measure. (Mṣb.)
طَهِيرٌ: see طَاهِرٌ, in two places.
طَهَارَةٌ [see 1.]
The act of performing the ablution termed الغُسْل, and that termed الوُضُوْء, and that termed الاِسْتِنْجَآء. (Mṣb, TA.)
طُهَارَةٌ What remains of that with which one has performed the ablution termed طَهَارَة. (TA.)
طَهُورِيَّةٌ The quality of being طَهُور. (Mṣb.)
طَاهِرٌ Clean; free from dirt or filth; or pure; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoطَهِرٌ↓ (IAạr, Ḳ) andطَهِيرٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) fem. طَاهِرَةٌ: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb:) pl. (of طَاهِرٌ, TA) أَطْهَارٌ (Ḳ) and طَهَارَى, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) which latter is anomalous, as though its sing. were طَهْرَانُ, (Ṣ,) and, applied to men, طَاهِرُونَ: (TA:) and (ofطَهِرٌ↓, TA) طَهِرُونَ; (Ḳ;) the only form; there being no broken pl.: (TA:) and of طَاهِرَةٌ, طَاهِرَاتٌ (TA) and طَوَاهِرُ. (A.) You say, رَجُلٌ طَاهِرٌ andطَهِيرٌ↓ [A clean, or pure, man]. (O.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ طَاهِرَةٌ مِنَ النَّجَاسَةِ [A woman pure from dirt or filth]. (Ṣ.) And مَآءٌ طَاهِرٌ Clean, or pure, water: and also, fit to cleanse or purify with. (Mṣb.) And ثِيَابٌ طَهَارَى [Clean clothes]. (Ṣ.) [See also طَهُورٌ.]
Pure from the menstrual discharge; in this sense without ة: (IAạr:) as also طَاهِرٌ مِنَ الحَيْضِ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)
هُوَ طَاهِرُ العِرْضِ † He is clear from vice, or fault. (Mṣb.) اِمْرَأَةٌ طَاهِرَةٌ مِنَ العُيُوبِ † [A woman pure from vices, or the like]. (Ṣ.) And رَجُلٌ طَاهِرُ الثِّيَابِ, (Ṣ, A, TA,) and طَاهِرُ الأَثْوَابِ, (TA,) ‡ A man free, or far-removed, from low, or ignoble, habits: (Ṣ,* A, TA:) and in like manner, طَاهِرُ الخُلُقِ, andطَهِرُ↓ الخُلُقِ: fem. طَاهِرَة. (TA.)
أَطْهَرُ [More, and most, clean or pure].
[Hence,] هُنَّ أَطْهَرُ لَكُمْ [Ḳur xi. 80] † They are more lawful to you. (O, TA.)
مَطْهَرَةٌ and مِطْهَرَةٌ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, &c.,) the former of which is the more approved, (Ṣ,) A vessel, (A, Ḳ,) or any vessel, (Mgh, Mṣb,) [for purification, i. e.,] with which one washes himself, (A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and performs the ablution termed وُضُوْء, such as a سَطْل, or رَكْوَة: (TA:) and (A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) i. q. إِدَاوَةٌ [a kind of leathern vessel for water]: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. مَطَاهِرُ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) Hence, [or from مَطْهَرَةٌ as signifying, agreeably with analogy, A means of cleansing or purifying,] the saying, (Mṣb,) السِّوَاكُ مَطْهَرَةٌ لِلْفَمِ [The tooth-stick is a means of purifying to the mouth]. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)
Also A house, or chamber, in which one washes himself, (Ḳ, TA,) and performs the ablutions termed وُضُوْء and غُسْل and اِسْتِنْجَآء. (TA.)
صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً, in the Ḳur [xcviii. 2], signifies Writings cleansed from impurities and falsehood. (TA.)
And أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ, in the same [ii. 23], Wives purified from the pollution of the menstrual discharge and the other natural evacuations. (O, TA.)
And لَا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا المُطَهَّرُونَ, in the same [lvi. 78], is said by some to mean, † None shall attain to the knowledge of its true meanings except those who have purified themselves from the filth of corrupt conduct, and ignorances, and acts of disobedience. (TA.)
وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا, in the Ḳur [iii. 48], signifies And will take thee forth from those who have disbelieved, and make thee to be far from doing as they do. (TA.)
وَيُحِبُّ المُتَطَهِّرِينَ, in the Ḳur [ii. 222], signifies And He loveth those who purify their spirits. (TA.)