صبو صح صحب
صَحَّ, (Ṣ, A, MA, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ (MA, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ـَ, (MA,) inf. n. صِحَّةٌ (Ṣ,* A,* MA, Mṣb,* MF, TA) and صُحٌّ, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* MF, TA,) two forms of the inf. n. of which there are some other exs., as قِلَّةٌ and قُلٌّ, and ذِلَّةٌ and ذُلٌّ, (MF, TA,) and صَحَاحٌ also, (Ḳ,* TA,* TḲ,) [like سَلَامٌ &c.,] He was, or became, healthy, or sound; (MA;) or restored to health, or soundness, مِنْ عِلَّتِهِ [from his disease]; (Ṣ, A;) as alsoاستصحّ↓: (Ṣ:) or his disease departed. (Ḳ, TḲ.) And † It was, or became, [or proved,] sound, valid, (MA,) [substantial, real, sure, certain,] true, right, (MA, Mṣb,) correct, just or proper, whole or entire, (MA,) or [unmarred, or unimpaired,] free from every imperfection or defect or fault or blemish, (L, Ḳ, TA,) and from everything that would occasion doubt or suspicion or evil opinion: (L, TA:) and ‡ it was, or became, suitable to the case, or event. (Mṣb.) You say, صَحَّتْ شَهَادَتُهُ ‡ [His testimony was sound, valid, &c.]. (A, TA.) And صَحَّ قَوْلُهُ ‡ [His saying was, or proved, true]. (A, TA.) And صَحَّ عِنْدَ القَاضِى حَقُّهُ ‡ [His right, or due, or just claim, was, or became, established, substantiated, made good, or verified, in the estimation of the judge; like ثَبَتَ]. (A, TA.) And صَحَّ لَهُ عَلَيْهِ كَذَا ‡ [Such a thing became established, or verified, as due to him from him; like ثَبَتَ]. (A, TA.) And صَحَّ العَقْدُ ‡ The contract became established by its execution. (Mṣb,) And صَحَّتِ الصَّلَاةُ, as used by the lawyers, ‡ The prayer [was suitable to the ordinance thereof, so that it] annulled the obligation of performing it after the appointed time. (Mṣb,* and Dict. of Techn. Terms of the Mussalmans pp. 815-816.) [This meaning is expressed in the former by the phrase أَسْقَطَتِ القَضَآءَ; which is fully expl. in the latter work, with other conventional meanings of صِحَّةٌ, all reducible to explanations given above.]
صَحَّ الشَّىْءَ [if not a mistranscription for أَصَحَّ or صَحَّحَ] signifies † He made the thing صَحِيح [i. e. sound, valid, &c.]. (L, TA. [In the latter app. taken from the former.])
صحّحهُ, [inf. n. تَصْحِيحٌ,] He rendered him healthy, sound, or free from disease; (Ṣ, A, MA, TA;) said of God; (Ṣ, TA;) and (A, TA) so اصحّهُ↓. (A, Ḳ, TA.) One says,أَصَحَّ↓ ٱللّٰهُ بَدَنَكَ, and صَحَّحَ جِسْمَكَ, May God render thy body healthy, sound, or free from disease. (A.)
And † He rendered it sound, valid, (MA,) [substantial, real, sure, certain,] true, right, (MA, Mṣb,) just or proper, whole or entire, (MA,) [or free from every imperfection or defect or fault or blemish, and from everything that would occasion doubt or suspicion or evil opinion: see 1.] You say, صَحَّحْتُ الكِتَابَ, and الحِسَابَ, † I corrected the book, or writing, and the reckoning; rectified what was wrong thereof. (L, TA.) And صحّح بَرَآءَتَهُ [He verified his being free from a thing; clear, quit, or guiltless, of it; or irresponsible for it]. (Mgh in art. برأ.)
اصحّهُ: see 2, in two places.
Also He found him to be صَحِيح [or healthy, sound, or free from disease]; namely, a man. (L, TA.)
And اصحّ He had his family and his cattle in a healthy, or sound, state; (L, Ḳ;) whether he himself were in health or sick: (L:) or, said of a people, or party, they had their cattle in a healthy, or sound, state, after they had been affected by a plague, or murrain, or distemper. (Ṣ, L.)
تصحّح بِهِ [He was rendered healthy, or sound, by it]. (O and TA voce شَيْعَةٌ, q. v.)
see 1, first sentence.
One says also, أَنَا أَسْتَصِحُّ مَا تَقُولُ ‡ [I hold to be true, right, or just, what thou sayest]. (TA.)
R. Q. 1. (صحصح)
صَحْصَحَ It (a thing, or an affair,) was, or became, distinct, apparent, or manifest; (Ḳ;) like حَصْحَصَ. (TA.)
صُحٌّ: see the next paragraph, in two places.
صِحَّةٌ (Ṣ, A, MA, O, Ḳ) andصُحٌّ↓ (Ṣ,* O, Ḳ) andصَحَاحٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) [all app. inf. ns., of صَحَّ, q. v.; and used as simple substs. meaning] Health, or soundness of body; (Ṣ, A, MA, O;) contr. of سُقْمٌ or سَقَمٌ: (Ṣ, A, O:) or departure of disease: (Ḳ:) صِحَّةٌ is said to be in the body and in religion; like as are [its contrs.] مَرَضٌ and سُقْمٌ: (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, TA in art. مرض:) in the body, it is a natural state or condition, wherewith the actions [and functions] of the body have the natural course: and it is metaphorically used in relation to [other things, including] attributes, or ideal things: (Mṣb:) and signifies [a sound, valid, substantial, real, sure, certain, true, right, correct, just or proper, whole or entire, state or condition; as is indicated in the first paragraph of this art.; or] freedom from every imperfection or defect or fault or blemish, (L, Ḳ, TA,) and from everything that would occasion doubt or suspicion or evil opinion. (L, TA.) One says, أَوْصَى فِى صِحَّتِهِ وَشِحَّتِهِ. (Ḳ in art. شح, q. v.) Andكَانَ ذٰلِكَ فِى صُحِّهِ↓ وَسُقْمِهِ [That was in his state of health, or soundness, and his illness, or sickness]. (AO, Ṣ.) Andمَا أَقْرَبَ الصَّحَاحَ↓ مِنَ السَّقَامِ [How little removed is health, or soundness, from illness, or sickness!]. (O.)
صَحَاحٌ: see صِحَّةٌ, in two places:
and see صَحِيحٌ, in four places.
صَحَاحُ الطَّرِيقِ means † The hard part of the road, that has not been rendered soft, or plain, (Ḳ, TA,) nor smooth, or easy to walk or ride upon. (TA.)
صُحَاحٌ: see the next paragraph.
صَحِيحٌ (Ṣ, A, MA, Mṣb, Ḳ, KL) andصَحَاحٌ↓ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) Healthy, sound, or free from disease; (Ṣ, A, MA, Ḳ, KL;) and so صَحِيحُ الجَسَدِ, applied to a man: (Mṣb:) and † sound, valid, (MA, KL,) [substantial, real, sure, certain,] true, right, (MA, KL, and Mṣb in explanation of the former word,) correct, just or proper, whole or entire, (MA, KL,) or [unmarred, or unimpaired,] free from every imperfection or defect or fault or blemish, (L, Ḳ, TA,) and from everything that would occasion doubt or suspicion or evil opinion: (L, TA:) [and † suitable to the case, or event: (see 1:)] fem. صَحِيحَةٌ, applied to a woman [and to other things]: (TA:) pl. صَحَاحٌ, (A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) a pl. of صَحِيحٌ, (Mṣb,) and applied to men [and other things], (A, Ḳ, TA,) and of صَحِيحَةٌ, and applied to women, (TA,) and أَصِحَّآءُ, (A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) a pl. of صَحِيحٌ, (Mṣb,) and applied to men, (A, Ḳ,) and أَصِحَّةٌ, likewise applied to men, (A,) and صَحَائِحُ, (Ḳ,) a pl. of صَحِيحَةٌ, and applied to women. (TA.) صَحِيحُ الأَدِيمِ means [lit. Sound of skin; or] not [having the skin] cut; as alsoصَحَاحُ↓ الأَدِيمِ: (Ṣ:) [but each has a tropical signification; for] one says, فُلَانٌ صَحِيحُ الأَدِيمِ (Ḥam p. 628) meaning ‡ [Such a one is sound] in respect of origin, and of honour, or reputation. (Ḥar p. 135.) And دِرْهَمٌ صَحِيحٌ means A dirhem free from defect; as alsoصَحَاحٌ↓; andصُحَاحٌ↓, [which I find as syn. with صَحِيحٌ in my copy of the Ḳ,] with damm, is allowable, like طُوَالٌ as syn. with طَوِيلٌ. (L, TA.) And it is said in a trad., يُقَاسِمُ ٱبْنُ آدَمَ أَهْلَ النَّارِ قِسْمَةً صَحَاحًا↓ i. e. The son of Adam, meaning Kábeel [or Cain], who slew his brother Hábeel [or Abel], will make a right division with the people of Hell, so that half of it shall be for him, and half for them. (L, TA.)
صَحْصَحٌ (Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) andصَحْصَاحٌ↓ andصَحْصَحَانٌ↓ (Ṣ, L, Ḳ) A place, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or ground, or land, (L, Ḳ,) that is plain, or even, (Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) destitute of herbage: pl. of the first صَحَاصِحُ: (L:) and the first signifies a tract of land destitute of herbage, plain, or even, and containing small pebbles: (L:) or a smooth tract of land: (R, MF:) and أَرْضٌ صَحَاصِحُ andصَحْصَحَانٌ↓ a land destitute of everything, containing no trees, nor any depressed resting-place for water, said by AM to be seldom found except in the rising ground of a valley, or in a mountain near to such rising ground, and not so plain as what is termed صَحْرَآء. (L.)
[Hence, app., (see art. تره,)] تُرَّهَاتٌ صَحَاصِحُ, and تُرَّهَاتُ صَحَاصِحَ, [the latter preferred by J, as he says in the Ṣ,] ‡ What is vain, or false; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) like ترّهات بَسَابِس: (Ṣ:) or [rather] vain, false, untrue things, that have no foundation. (TA.)
صُحْصُحٌ andصُحْصُوحٌ↓ One who pursues, or investigates, minute things, and retains them in his memory (يُحْصِيهَا), and knows them. (Ḳ.)
صَحْصَاحٌ: see صَحْصَحٌ.
صُحْصُوحٌ: see صُحْصُحٌ.
صَحْصَحَانٌ: see صَحْصَحٌ, in two places.
مُصِحٌّ A man having his family and his cattle in a healthy, or sound, state; whether he himself be in health or sick: (L:) or having his cattle in a healthy, or sound, state, after their having been affected by a plague, or murrain, or distemper: pl. مُصِحُّونَ. (Ṣ, L.) It is said in a trad., لَا يُورِدَنَّ ذُو عَاهَةٍ عَلَى مُصِحٍّ (Ṣ, L) i. e. One whose camels are affected by a murrain, or distemper, shall by no means bring them to water immediately after one whose camels are in a healthy, or sound, state, so as to water the former beasts with the latter: a prohibition apparently given for fear that the latter beasts should become diseased like the former, and it should be supposed that the disease had passed by contagion, which ought not to be imagined. (L. [See also مُمْرِضٌ.])
مَصَحَّةٌ A cause of one's being rendered healthy, or sound in body. (L, Ḳ.) So in the saying, الصَّوْمُ مَصَحَّةٌ [Fasting is a cause of one's being rendered healthy]. (L, Ḳ.) One says also, السَّفَرُ مَصَحَّةٌ [Travel is a cause of one's becoming healthy]. (Ṣ, A.) And أَرْضٌ مَصَحَّةٌ A land free from plagues, or any common, or epidemic, diseases; in which maladies are not common or frequent. (TA.)
مُصَحْصِحٌ True, sincere, or honest, in love, or affection. (Ḳ.) And it is also said to signify Counselling, or admonishing, or one who counsels or admonishes, faithfully, or sincerely: so in a verse of Meleeh El-Hudhalee; as though used by poetic license for مُصَحِّحٌ. (L.)
And ‡ One who does, or says, vain, or false, things. (A, Ḳ.)