شفو شق شقأ
شَقَّهُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (M, Mṣb,) inf. n. شَقٌّ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) He cut it [or divided it] lengthwise; (TA in art. قد;) [i. e.] he clave it, split it, rived or rifted it, or slit it; so as to separate it; [i. e. he clave, split, rived or rifted, slit, rent, ripped, tore, broke, or burst, it asunder;] or without separating it; [i. e. he cracked, chapped, incided or incised, gashed, slashed, furrowed, or trenched, it; or clave, split, &c., or cut, it open;] syn. صَدَعَهُ; (Ḳ;) or [more explicitly] الشَّقُّ signifies الصَّدْعُ البَائِنُ [the cleaving &c. that separates]; or غَيْرُ البَائِنِ [that which does not separate]; or الصَّدْعُ [the cleaving, &c.,] in a general sense: (M:) and in like manner, [but with an intensive signification, or implying frequency or repetition of the action, or its application to several objects, generally meaning he clave it, &c., much, or in pieces, or in several places,] شقّقهُ↓: (M, Ḳ:) you say, شقّق الحَطَبَ (Ṣ, Ḳ) وَغَيْرَهُ (Ṣ) i. e. شَقَّهُ [but properly meaning He clave in pieces the firewood &c.]. (Ḳ. [In the CK, شَقَّ الحَطَبَ is erroneously put for شقّق الحطب.])
[شَقَّ رَأْسَهُ generally means He clave his head, or his pericranium: and sometimes, as in an instance in the Ḳ voce شَقَأَ, he divided the hair of his head.]
شَقَّ العَصَا [lit. He split the staff] means ‡ he separated himself from the community; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) and particularly, that of the Muslims: because the staff is not thus called but when it is whole, not when it is split: accord. to Lth, يَشُقُّ عَصَا المُسْلِمِينَ andيُشَاقُّهُمْ↓ signify alike: but they differ in meaning, as will be shown hereafter. (TA.) شَقَّ عَصَا المُسْلِمِينَ, (Ḳ, TA,) said of a خَارِجِىّ [i. e. heretic or schismatic], also means † He effected disunion and dissension in the body of the Muslims. (TA.) And one says also, شَقَّ عَصَا الطَّاعَةِ † [He broke the compact of allegiance, or obedience; became a rebel]. (M.)
لَا وَالَّذِى شَقَّ الرِّجَالَ لِلْخَيْلِ وَالجِبَالَ لِلسَّيْلِ [app. meaning † No, by Him who clave men for the riding upon horses, and the mountains for the flowing of the torrent,] is a saying mentioned by IAạr, but not expl. by him. (M. [It is there added, وَعِنْدِى أَنَّهُ جَعَلَ الرِّجَالَ وَالجِبَالَ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ خَرَقَهُمَا فَجَعَلَ الرِّجَالَ لِهٰذِهِ وَالجِبَالَ لِهٰذَا: an expression of opinion which is, to me, by no means clear, though reconcilable with my rendering.])
المَالُ بَيْنَنَا شَقَّ الأَبْلَمَةِ and الأُبْلُمَةِ [The property is divided between us as in the dividing of the ابلمة; or the cattle are divided &c.;] means we are equal in respect of the property, or cattle: for the ابلمة means the [kind of leaf called] خُوصَة, which, when it is split lengthwise, splits in halves: (M:) or, accord. to Aboo-Ziyád, the ابلمة is a herb, or leguminous plant, (بَقْلَةٌ,) to which there come forth pods, like [those of] the bean; and when you split them lengthwise, they split in halves, equally, from the first part to the last thereof: شَقَّ is in the accus. case as an inf. n., مَشْقُوقٌ being understood. (Ḥar p. 639.) [See also شِقٌّ.]
شَقَّ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. شُقُوقٌ, (M,) said of the canine tooth of a camel, ‡ It [clave the gum and] came forth: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) [said to be] a dial. var. of شَقَأَ: (Ṣ:) and said of the canine tooth of a child, (M, TA,) in like manner, (TA,) meaning it made its first appearance: (M:) and said also of a plant, [as meaning it came forth] on the ground's first cleaving open from it. (M, TA.)
Also, aor. ـُ, inf. n. شَقٌّ, said of the dawn, ‡ It rose; as though it clave the place of its rising and came forth therefrom. (TA.)
Also, aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. شَقٌّ, said of lightning, ‡ It [clave the clouds, and] extended high, into the midst of the sky, without going to the right and left: (Ḳ, TA:) so says AʼObeyd: (TA: [see شَقِيقٌ:]) andانشقّ↓ andتشقّق↓, said of lightning, signify اِنْعَقَّ [probably meaning the same; (see عَقِيقَةٌ;) or, as expl. in the Ṣ and also in the O, in art. عق, it was, or became, in a state of commotion, (تَضَرَّبَ,) in the clouds]: (M, TA:) orتشقّق↓ said of lightning means it spread wide and long. (JK.)
شَقَّ السَّبِيلَ (Ḳ in art. عبر) † He passed along the way; as though he cut it, or furrowed it. (TḲ in that art.) And شَقَّ النَّهْرَ † He crossed the river by swimming. (TA in art. قطع.)
شَقَّ المَآءَ † He opened a way, passage, vent, or channel, for the water to flow forth; syn. بَجَسَهُ. (A and Ḳ in art. بجس.)
شَقَّ أَمْرَهُ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. شَقٌّ, † He, or it, discomposed, deranged, or disordered, so that it became incongruous, or inconsistent, his affair, or state of affairs. (M, TA.) [A phrase similar to شَقَّ العَصَا, mentioned above. And so, app., what next follows.]
شَقَّ الكَلَامَ, i. q. قَدَّهُ [also expl. as syn. with قَطَعَهُ, which generally means † He cut short, or broke off, the speech; or ceased from speaking; but sometimes, and perhaps in this case, he articulated speech, or the speech: compare a signification of 2.]. (M and L in art. قد.)
شَقَّ بَصَرُ المَيِّتِ i. q. شَخَصَ [i. e. † The eye, or eyes, of the dying man became fixedly open; or his eyelids became raised upwards, and he looked intently, and became disquieted, or disturbed]: (M, TA:) and (TA) the dying man looked at a thing, his sight not recoiling to him: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) said of him to whom death is present: (Ṣ, TA:) or [simply] the eyes of the dying man became open: (TA:) one should not say شَقَّ المَيِّتُ بَصَرَهُ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) and شُقَّ, with damm to the ش, is not approved. (IAth, TA.)
شَقَّ عَلَيْهِ, (M, Ḳ, in the Ṣ عَلَىَّ, and in the Mṣb عَلَيْنَا,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. شَقٌّ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and مَشَقَّةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) [or the latter is a simple subst., as seems to be indicated in the M and Mṣb,] † It (a thing, Ṣ, or an affair, or event, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) affected him severely; had a severe effect upon him; distressed, afflicted, troubled, molested, inconvenienced, fatigued, or wearied, him: (M:) it was difficult, hard, distressing, grievous, or severe, to him; (Ḳ, TA;) and onerous, burdensome, oppressive, or troublesome, to him. (TA.) And شَقَّ عَلَيْهِ, [inf. n., app., شَقٌّ only,] † He caused him to fall into a difficult, hard, distressing, grievous, or severe, case: (Ḳ, TA:) imposed upon him that which was onerous, burdensome, oppressive, or troublesome. (TA.) And شَقَّتِ السَّفْرَةُ † The journey was [difficult, hard, or] far-extending. (Mṣb.)
شُقَّ, said of the solid hoof, and of the pastern of a horse or the like, It was, or became, affected with the disease termed شُقَاق, occasioning cracks. (M, TA.)
see 1, first sentence.
شقّق الكَلَامَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. تَشْقِيقٌ, (TA,) ‡ He uttered, or pronounced, speech, or the speech, in the best manner: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) and he sought with repeated efforts, in speaking, to utter, or pronounce, the speech in the best manner. (TA.)
شاقّهُ, (M, Mgh, Mṣb,) inf. n. مُشَاقَّةٌ (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and شِقَاقٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the latter inf. n. occurring in the Ḳur ii. 131 and iv. 39 [&c.], (TA,) † He acted with him contrariously, or adversely, (Ṣ,* M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and inimically; (Ḳ;) properly, each of them doing to the other that which was distressing, grievous, or troublesome, so that each of them was in a شِقّ [or side] other than that of his fellow; (Mṣb;) or as though he became in a شِقّ, i. e. side, in respect of him: (Mgh:) accord. to Er-Rághib, the inf. n. signifies the being in a شِقّ [or side] other than that of one's fellow: or it is from شَقُّ العَصَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ صَاحِبِكَ [meaning “the effecting disunion and dissension between thee and thy fellow”], so that it is tropical: (TA:) or the primary meaning of الشِّقَاقُ is the being [mutually] remote. (Ḥam p. 326.) See also 1, in the first quarter of the paragraph.
اشقّ النَّخْلُ The palm-trees put forth their شَوَاقّ, pl. of شَاقَّةٌ [q. v.]: mentioned by Th, on the authority of some one or more of the BenooSuwáäh. (M.)
تشقّق quasi-pass. of 2: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) said of firewood (Ṣ, Ḳ) &c. (Ṣ) [as meaning It became cloven in pieces]. See 7, in two places.
Said of lightning: see 1, in two places, in the latter half of the paragraph.
Said of a horse, ‡ He was, or became, lean, or light of flesh; slender and lean; or lean, and lank in the belly. (AʼObeyd, TA.)
تَشَاقَّا, said of two adversaries, or litigants, as alsoاِشْتَقَّا↓, They wrangled, quarrelled, or contended, each with the other, (M, TA,) and took to the right and left in contention; (TA;) فِى الشَّىْءِ [in respect of the thing]. (M.)
انشقّ quasi-pass. of شَقَّهُ as expl. in the first sentence of this art.: [i. e. it signifies It became divided lengthwise, cloven, split, riven or rifted, slit, rent, ripped, torn, broken, or burst, asunder; or it became cracked, chapped, incided or incised, gashed, slashed, furrowed, or trenched; or cloven, or split, &c., or cut, open: or it clave, split, &c.:] (Ṣ, M:) and in like manner,تشقّق↓ is quasi-pass. of شَقَّقَهُ: [i. e. it signifies it became cloven or split &c., or it clave or split &c., much, or in pieces, or in several or many places:] (M:) or the former signifies [sometimes] it opened so as to have in it an interstice. (Mṣb.) وَٱنْشَقَّ القَمَرُ, in the Ḳur liv. I, means And the moon hath been cloven (Bḍ, Jel) in twain, (Jel,) as a sign to the Prophet: (Bḍ, Jel:) or shall be cloven on the day of resurrection: but the former is confirmed by another reading, وَقَدِ أْنْشَقَّ القَمَرُ: (Bḍ:) or, accord. to Er-Rághib, the meaning is, † the case hath become manifest. (TA.) One says, انشقّ الشَّىْءُ بِنِصْفَيْنِ [The thing became cloven, &c., in halves]. (Ṣ.) [And انشقّ مِنْهُ It became cloven, &c., from it: and it branched off from it; as a river from another river, and the like. And انشقّ عَنْهُ It clave asunder from over it, so as to disclose it: see also 8.]
[Hence,] انشقّ فلَانٌ مِنَ الغَضَبِ † Such a one was as though his interior were filled with anger so that he split. (TA.)
And اِنْشَقَّتِ العَصَا † The affair, or state of affairs, became discomposed, deranged, or disordered: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) and انشقّت العَصَا بِالبَيْنِ, andتشقّقت↓, (Lth, M, TA,) † the affair, or state of affairs, became discomposed, deranged, or disorganized, by separation: (Lth, TA:) and انشقّ الأَمْرُ † the affair, or state of affairs, became discomposed, deranged, or disorganized, being incongruous, or inconsistent. (M, TA.) And انشقّت عَصَا الطَّاعَةِ † [The compact of allegiance, or obedience, became broken]. (M.)
انشقّ said of lightning: see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph.
اِشْتِقَاقٌ signifies The taking the شِقّ of a thing, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e. the half thereof. (Ṣ.) One says, اشتقّ الشَّىْءَ He took the شِقّ [or half] of the thing. (TḲ.)
And † The taking [or deriving] a word from a word, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) with the condition of reciprocal relation in meaning and [radical] composition, and of reciprocal difference in form: [and it is of three kinds:] الاِشْتِقَاقُ الصَّغِيرُ is that derivation in which there is a reciprocal relation between the two words in the letters and in the order [thereof]; as in ضَرَبَ from الضَّرْبُ: الاشتقاق الكَبِيرُ is that in which there is a reciprocal relation between the two words as to the letter and the meaning, exclusively of the order; as in جَبَذَ from الجَذْبُ: الاشتقاق الأَكْبَرُ is that in which there is a reciprocal relation between the two words in the place [or places] of utterance; as in نَعَقَ from النَّهْقُ. (KT.) [You say, اشتقّ حَرْفًا or كَلِمَةً or لَفْظًا, and ٱسْمًا, He derived a word, and a name, مِنْ آخَرَ from another; andشَقَّهُ↓ sometimes signifies the same, as is shown by a citation voce رَحِمٌ.]
And ‡ The taking to the right and left, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) not pursuing the right, or direct, course, (Ṣ, TA,) in speech, and in contention, or disputation, or litigation: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or اِشْتِقَاقُ الكَلَامِ signifies the taking to the right and left in speech: (so in a copy of the M: [but I think that the right reading is الاِشْتِقَاقُ فِى الكَلَامِ, agreeably with what here follows:]) you say, اشتقّ فِى الكَلَامِ, and فِى الخُصُومَةِ. (TḲ.) See also 6. And [in like manner] one says of a horse, اشتقّ فِى عَدْوِهِ † He went to the right and left in his running. (M. [See also أَشَقُّ.])
اشتقّ الطَّرِيقُ فِى الفَلَاةِ ‡ The road went [or branched off] into the desert. (TA. [See also 7.])
استشقّ بِالجُوَالِقِ He turned the sack upon one of his two sides (عَلَى أَحَدِ شِقَّيْهِ), in order to pass through a door. (TA.)
[استشقّ, as stated by Freytag, is expl. by Jac. Schultens, but on what authority is not said, as signifying “Prodiit, manifestus evasit.”]
R. Q. 1. (شقشق)
شَقْشَقَ, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. شَقْشَقَةٌ, (Ṣ,) said of a stallion [camel], He brayed [in his شِقْشِقَة, or faucial bag]. (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ.) [It is said that] the primary meaning of شَقْشَقَةٌ is Loudness of voice; or the being loud in voice. (JK.)
And said of a sparrow, It uttered a cry: (Ḳ, TA:) or one says of a sparrow, يُشَقْشِقُ فِى صَوْتِهِ [app. meaning It makes a loud twittering in its cry]. (Ṣ.)
شَقٌّ sing. of شُقُوقٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) originally an inf. n.; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) An opening forming an interstice in a thing: (Mṣb:) or a fissure, cleft, chink, split, slit, rent, crack, or the like, syn. صَدْعٌ, in wood or a stick, or in a wall, or in a glass vessel [&c.]: (T, TA:) [or] a place that is مَشْقُوق [i. e. cloven or cleft, split, &c.: (see 1, first sentence: and see also مَشَقٌّ:) and often signifying an incision, a gash, or a furrow, or trench]: (M, Ḳ:) as though an inf. n. used as a subst. in this sense: pl. as above, شُقُوقٌ: (M:) it differs from شُقَاقٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh,) by having a general signification: (Mgh:) accord. to Yaạḳoob, one says, بِيَدِ فُلَانٍ شُقُوقٌ (Ṣ, Mgh) and بِرِجْلِهِ (Ṣ) [i. e. In the hand, or arm, of such a one are cracks, or the like, and in his foot, or leg]: but [it is asserted that in this case] one should not say شُقَاقٌ: (Ṣ, Mgh: [see, however, this word:]) and hence, شَقُّ القَبْرِ The trench, or oblong excavation, in the middle of the grave: and accord. to Aṣ, شُقُوقٌ signifies صُدُوع [i. e. fissures, &c.,] in mountains, and in the earth, or ground. (Mgh.)
The rima vulvæ of a woman; i. e. the gap [or chink] between the two edges, or borders, of the labia majora of her vulva: as alsoمَشَقٌّ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
And ‡ The daybreak. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
See also the next paragraph, first and fifth sentences.
And see the last two sentences of the same paragraph.
شِقٌّ The half (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) of a thing (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) of any kind; as alsoشَقٌّ↓: (Ḳ:) or the half of a thing when it is cloven, or split, or divided lengthwise; (M;) as alsoشِقَّةٌ↓. (AḤn, Ṣ,* M, Ḳ.) One says, أَخَذْتُ شِقَّ الشَّاةِ andشِقَّةَ↓ الشَّاةِ I took the half of the sheep or goat: (Ṣ, TA:) the vulgar pronounce the ش with fet-ḥ. (TA.) And خُذْ هٰذَا الشِّقَّ Take thou this شِقَّة↓ [i. e. half] of the sheep or goat. (TA.) Hence the trad., تَصَدَّقُوا وَلَوْ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ i. e. [Give ye alms though it be but] the half of a date; meaning deem not anything little that is given as alms. (TA.) And المَالُ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَكَ شِقَّ الشَّعَرَةِ andشَقَّ↓ الشَّعَرَةِ, (O, Ḳ,* [in the CK and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ شقُّ, but the former reading appears to be the right, شَقَّ being an inf. n. as in a similar saying in the former half of the first paragraph of this art., and شِقَّ being a subst. used as an inf. n. or for كَشِقِّ,]) meaning [The property is between us] two halves, equal [in division]. (Ḳ.)
[Hence,] A certain kind of the jinn, or genii; (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ;) a species of diabolical beings having the form of the half of a human being. (Ḳzw in his Descr. of the Jinn.)
The lateral half, or half and side; as when one says that a person paralyzed has a شِقّ inclining; and as when one speaks of the شِقّ of a مَحْمِل [meaning either of the two dorsers, or panniers, or oblong chests, which are borne, one on either side, by a camel, and which, with a small tent over them, compose a مَحْمِل: see this last word, and مَحَارَةٌ]. (Mgh.)
The side of the body; as when one says of a person that his left شِقّ was grazed, or abraded. (Mgh.) [Hence,] one says of a horse, يَمِيلُ عَلَى أَحَدِ شِقَّيْهِ [He inclines, or leans, upon one of his two sides]. (O.) [And مَشَى عَلَى شِقٍّ and فِى شِقٍّ He went, or walked, inclining upon one side.]
The side, or lateral part, (Lth, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) of a thing; the two sides of a thing being called شِقَّاهُ: (Lth, TA:) or, as some say, (TA,) the side of a mountain. (Ṣ, TA.) [Hence,] one says, فُلَانٌ مِنْ شِقِّ العَشِيرَةِ لَا مِنْ صَمِيمِهَا † [Such a one is of the collateral class of the kinsfolk, or tribe, not of the main stock thereof]. (Mgh in art. عرض.)
I. q. شَقِيقٌ↓; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) [which primarily signifies The cloven-off half of a thing; i. e.,] when a thing is cloven in halves, each of the halves is called the شَقِيق of the other. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
[And hence, † The counterpart of a person or thing: and this appears to be meant by J, and accord. to SM in the Ḳ, where it is said that شِقٌّ is syn. with شَقِيقٌ↓; for they add immediately after:] one says هُوَ أَخِى وَشِقُّ نَفْسِى ‡ [He is my brother, and the counterpart of myself]; (Ṣ, TA;) as though he were cloven from me, because of the resemblance of each of us to the other. (TA.) One says also,هذَا شَقِيقُهُ↓, meaning † This is the like of him, or it. (TA.) And [hence] it is said in a trad., النِّسَآءُ شَقَائِقُ الرِّجَالِ, [in which شَقَائِقُ is the pl. ofشَقِيقٌ↓ as fem., or of شَقِيقَةٌ in the same sense,] meaning † Women are the likes of men in natural dispositions; as though they were cloven from them; or because Eve was created from Adam. (TA.)
And ‡ A man's brother; (M;) and soشَقِيقٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ, TA;) meaning a brother by the father and mother; (TA;) from شَقِيقٌ as meaning “either half of a thing that is cloven in halves;” (Ṣ, TA;) or as though the relationship of one were cloven from that of the other: (IDrd, O, Ḳ:) pl. of the latter أَشِقَّآءُ. (M, Mṣb.)
And a name for A thing at which one looks: (Lth, O, Ḳ:) [but this is app. taken from the following saying of Lth, in which I think الشِّقُّ is a mistranscription for الشَّقُّ, meaning “the crack,” &c.:] الشَّقُّ is the inf. n. of شَقَقْتُ, and الشِّقُّ is a name for that at which one looks [i. e. for the visible effect of the act signified by the verb], and the pl. is الشُّقُوقُ [which is well known as the pl. of الشَّقُّ]. (JK.)
Also i. q.مَشَقَّةٌ↓ (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) i. e. Difficulty, hardship, distress, affliction, trouble, inconvenience, fatigue, or weariness; (M, TA;) and languor, or lack of power, that overtakes the mind and the body; (Er-Rághib, TA;) and soشَقٌّ↓; (IJ, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) thus it is sometimes pronounced with fet-ḥ; mentioned by AʼObeyd; (Ṣ;) and by AZ; (M;) or this is an inf. n., and شِقٌّ is the subst.; (O, Ḳ;) andشُقَّةٌ↓ andشِقَّةٌ↓ also signify the same as مَشَقَّةٌ, (Ḳ,) or such as overtakes a man in consequence of travel; (TA;) and the pls. of these two are شُقَقٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) mentioned by Fr, (TA,) and شِقَقٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) mentioned on the authority of some one or more of [the tribe of] Keys: (TA:) the pl. ofمَشَقَّةٌ↓ is مَشَاقُّ and مَشَقَّاتٌ. (TA.) Hence, in the Ḳur [xvi. 7], لَمْ تَكُونُوا بَالِغِيهِ إِلَّا بِشِقِ ٱلْأَنْفُسِ [Which ye would not reach save with difficulty, or distress, &c., of the souls]; where some readبِشَقِّ↓. (Ṣ,* TA.)
شُقَّةٌ primarily signifies The half of a garment [consisting of two oblong pieces sewed together, side by side]: then it was applied to [such] a garment as it is [when complete: in both of these senses it is used in the present day]: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or a piece (قِطْعَةٌ) of a garment: (Mgh:) or the شُقَّة of ثِيَاب [thus, and thus only, in the Ṣ, meaning of garments and of cloths, for it is of both,] is an oblong piece; syn. سَبِيبَةٌ مُسْتَطِيلَةٌ: (M, Ḳ:) [it is often applied to an oblong piece of cloth of those pieces of which a tent is composed:] pl. شُقَقٌ and شِقَاقٌ. (M, Mgh, TA.) One says, فُلَانٌ يَبِيعُ شِقَاقَ الكَتَّانِ [Such a one sells pieces, or oblong pieces, &c., of linen]. (Mgh.)
Also A piece of a مَزَادَة [q. v.]. (B, TA in art. بصر.)
And A piece, or portion, [or tract,] of Hell; likewise pronounced شِقَّةٌ↓. (Ḥam p. 816.)
And A far journey; as alsoشِقَّةٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) sometimes thus pronounced with kesr: (Ṣ:) a far, long journey: a far-extending space: (TA:) or a road difficult to him who travels it: (Mgh:) or [simply] a journey: and i. q. ثنيا [so in my copy of the Mṣb, app. a mistranscription for ثَنِيَّة, i. e. a mountain-road, &c.]: pl. شُقَقٌ. (Mṣb.)
And A part, region, quarter, or tract, (Ibn-ʼArafeh, Er-Rághib, Ḳ, TA,) towards which one draws near, (Ibn-ʼArafeh, TA,) or towards which the traveller directs himself, (Ḳ, TA,) [like شُكَّةٌ,] or in the reaching of which one is overtaken by difficulty, or distress; (Er-Rághib, TA;) Andشِقَّةٌ↓ signifies the same. (Ḳ.)
And Distance; and soشِقَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
See also شِقٌّ, last sentence but one.
شِقَّةٌ A splinter (Ṣ, Ḳ) that splits off, (Ṣ,) or a piece (M, Mgh, TA) split off, (M, TA,) of a plank, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA,) or of wood, (TA,) or of a piece of wood, (Ṣ, Mgh,) or other thing: (M, TA:) a piece split, or divided, lengthwise, of a staff, or stick, and of a garment, or piece of cloth, &c.: (IDrd, O, Ḳ:) and a piece split (Ḳ, TA) from anything; such as the half: (TA:) pl. شِقَقٌ. (O, TA.) One says of him who is angry, اِحْتَدَّ فَطَارَتْ مِنْهُ شِقَّةٌ فِى الأَرْضِ وَشِقَّةٌ فِى السَّمَآءِ † [He became excited by sharpness of temper, or angriness, and he was as though a bit flew from him upon the ground, and a bit into the sky]. (Ṣ,* M, TA: in the Ṣ, فى الارض &c. is omitted.) See also شِقٌّ, first three sentences.
See also شُقَّةٌ, in four places.
And see شِقٌّ, again, last sentence but one.
شَقَقٌ The quality, in a horse, (M, Ḳ,) and in a man, (M,) denoted by the epithet أَشَقُّ [q. v.]. (M, Ḳ.)
شَقَقَةٌ [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned] Enemies. (TA.)
شُقَاقٌ A cracking in several places, (تَشَقُّقٌ, Ṣ, Ḳ,) or cracks, (Mgh,) or a certain disease occasioning cracks, (M,) in the pasterns of horses or the like, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ,) and in their hoofs, (M, Mgh,) and sometimes rising to their shanks: so says Yaạḳoob: (Ṣ:) and, accord. to Lth, (Mgh,) and Az, (TA,) a cracking in several places (تَشَقُّقٌ) of the skin, from cold or some other cause, in the hands or arms, and the face: (Mgh, TA:) or it signifies also any crack, or slit, in the skin, from disease: (M, TA:) Aṣ says that it is in the hand or arm, and the foot or leg, of a human being, and in the fore leg and kind leg of an animal: (Mgh, TA:) but this is inconsistent with what is said by Yaạḳoob [as stated voce شَقٌّ, first sentence]. (Mgh.) See also أَسْعَدُ: and شَرَجٌ.
شَقِيقٌ: see شِقٌّ, in five places.
شَقِيقُ البَرْقِ [so in a copy of the M, but the right reading may be شَقِيقَةُ البَرْقِ, which occurs in the next sentence of the M,] i. q. عَقِيقَتُهُ [expl. in the Ṣ, in art. خفو, as meaning Lightning that cleaves the clouds, and extends high, into the midst of the sky, without going to the right and left: but see شَقِيقَةٌ]. (M.)
Also A calf that has become firm, or strong: (O, Ḳ:) and applied likewise to † a man [that has become so; by way of comparison]: (O:) or a bull such as is termed جَذَعٌ [i. e. in his second, or third, year]. (JK.)
شَقُوقَةٌ A certain bird; also called شَقِيقَةٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) andشُقَيِّقَةٌ↓ is the dim. thereof: (Ḳ:) AḤát says, the شَقُوقَة↓ is a very little thing, grayish (زُرَيْقَآءُ), of the colour of ashes; ten and fifteen of what are thus called congregate; and I think it to be the شُقَيِّقَة↓, which is a دُخَّلَة of the دُخَّل [q. v.]; it is somewhat dusky; and its form is the form of these, but it is smaller than they: it is called شُقَيِّقَة↓ becanse of its smallness: IDrd, in the class of فُعَيْعِل, mentions الشُّقَيِّقُ↓ as signifying a certain species of birds [app. as a coll. gen. n., of which the n. un. is with ة]. (O, TA.)
شَقِيقَةٌ [accord. to Golius, A fissure; as from the KL; but not so expl. in my copy of that work.]
An intervening space or tract between two elongated, or extended, tracts of sand, (Ṣ, M,* O, Ḳ,* [in the last of which الجَبَلَيْنِ is erroneously put for الجَبْلَيْنِ,]) thus expl. to AḤn by an Arab of the desert, (TA,) producing herbage: (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) or a rugged tract between two elongated, or extended, tracts of sand, producing good herbage; (M, TA;) so in the T, as expl. to its author by an Arab of the desert: (TA:) pl. شَقَائِقُ, (T, Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) expl. by some as meaning sands themselves: (TA:) or a great piece of sand: or a piece of sand between two pieces thereof. (Ḥam p. 282.)
[In the A and TA voce قِطُّ, it is used as meaning A slice cut off of a melon &c.]
A rain, (M,) or a violent rain, consisting of large drops, (Ḳ, TA,) wide in extent: so called because the clouds cleave asunder from it: (M, Ḳ, TA:) pl. as above. (TA.)
The pl., شَقَائِقُ, is expl. by Az as signifying Clouds that have cloven asunder with copious rains. (O, TA.)
شَقِيقَةُ بَرْقٍِ, (O, Ḳ,) and عَقِيقَتُهُ, both as expl. by Aboo-Saʼeed, (O,) A flash of lightning that has spread (O, Ḳ) in the horizon, (O,) or from the horizon: (Ḳ: [but see شَقِيقُ البَرْقِ:]) or شَقِيقَةٌ signifies a flash of lightning that has spread in the breadth of the clouds, and filled the sky: pl. as above. (Ḥam p. 557.)
A headache, (JK, T, TA,) or a pain, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) or a certain disease, (M,) in the half of the head, (JK, T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) [i. e. hemicrania,] and of the face: (JK, T, Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or, accord. to IAth, a sort of headache in the fore part of the head and towards the sides thereof. (TA.)
شَقَائِقُ النُّعْمَانِ, used alike as sing. and pl., (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) having no proper sing., (Mṣb,) or its sing. is شَقِيقَةٌ; (M, O, Mṣb;) [The red, or blood-coloured, anemone;] a certain plant; (M;) a certain red flower; (Lth, O;) well known; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) the شَقِر; (Mṣb;) or, as AḤn says, on the authority of AA and Aboo-Naṣr and others, it is the شَقِرَة [n. un. of شَقِرٌ]; and the sing. of شقائق is شَقِيقَةٌ: (O, TA:) it is called شقائق النعمان because of its redness, as being likened to the شَقِيقَة of lightning: (M, Ḳ:) or from النُّعْمَان as meaning “blood,” as resembling blood in colour; (Mṣb, TA;) so that it signifies “pieces of blood:” (TA:) or in relation to En-Noamán Ibn-El-Mundhir, because he prohibited to the public a piece of land in which it abounded: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or because he alighted upon شَقَائِق of sand that had produced red شَقِر, and he deemed them beautiful, and commanded that they should be prohibited to the public; so the شَقِر were called the شقائق of En-Noamán, by the name of the place of their growth. (TA.)
شُقَيِّقٌ, and with ة: see شَقُوقَةٌ, in four places.
شَقَّاقٌ, meaning One who glories, or boasts, vainly, and praises himself for that which is not in him, is not of the [classical] language of the Arabs. (L, TA.)
شَقِّىٌّ A horse with which his rider experiences difficulty in striving to master him. (JK.)
شِقِّيَّةٌ A certain mode of جِمَاع, (Ḳ, TA,) in which the woman lies upon her شِقّ [or side]. (TA.)
شِقْشِقَةٌ [The bursa faucium, or faucial bag, which is placed behind the palate of the he-camel, and which, when excited, he inflates, and blows out from the side of his mouth;] a thing resembling the lungs, or lights, which the he-camel protrudes from his mouth when he is excited by lust; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) a skin in the fauces of the Arabian camel, which he inflates with wind, and in which he brays; whereupon it appears from the side of his mouth; so says En-Naḍr; and he adds that it does not pertain to any but the Arabian camel, [as is said in the M, and] as Hr says; but this requires consideration; (TA;) [also expl. as] the لَهَاة [q. v.] of the he-camel, (M, and Ḥar p. 16,) which he protrudes from his mouth when he brays: (Ḥar ubi suprá:) pl. شَقَاشِقُ. (TA.)
To this is likened the tongue of the chaste, or eloquent, and able speaker; himself being likened to the braying stallion-camel: (O:) and hence they say of an orator, or a preacher, that he is ذُو شِقْشِقَةٍ: (Ṣ:) one says likewise of an orator, or a preacher, that is loud in voice and skilful in speech, هُوَ أَهْرَتُ الشِقْشِقَةِ [lit. He is wide, or ample, in respect of the شقشقة]: (TA:) and one says, هَدَرَتْ شِقْشِقَتُهُ † [meaning His utterance was sonorous and fluent]. (A and TA in art. هدر.) Orators, or preachers, are also termed شَقَاشِق [for ذَوُو شَقَاشِقَ]: and one says, فُلَانٌ شِقْشِقَةُ قَوْمِهِ, meaning † Such a one is the noble, and the chaste in speech, or eloquent, of his people. (M.) And in a trad. of ʼOmar, (M, O, TA,) accord. to AʼObeyd and others, or of ʼAlee accord. to Hr, (TA,) شَقَاشِق are assigned to the Devil, in his saying, إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ الخُطَبِ مِنْ شَقَاشِقِ الشَّيْطَانِ [lit. Verily many of the orations, or harangues, are from the شقاشق of the Devil]; because of the lying introduced into them. (M, O,* TA.*)
الخُطْبَةُ الشِّقْشِقِيَّةُ an appellation applied to a certain خُطْبَة [i. e. oration, or harangue, or sermon,] of ʼAlee, because of his saying to Ibn-ʼAbbás, (O, Ḳ,) on his having cut short his speech, (O,) in reply to a remark of the latter person upon his not having continued his speech uninterruptedly, تِلْكَ شِقْشِقَةٌ هَدَرَتْ ثُمَّ قَرَّتْ [That was a شقشقة that uttered a braying, then became still]. (O, Ḳ.)
شَاقٌّ Difficult, hard, distressing, grievous, afflicting, troubling, molesting, fatiguing, or wearying. (KL.) One says أَمْرٌ شَاقٌّ [An affair, or event, that is difficult, &c.]; from شَقَّ عَلَيْنَا الأَمْرُ. (Mṣb.) And شُقَّةٌ شَاقَّةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb) A long journey [that is difficult, &c.]. (Mṣb.)
شافَّةٌ The spadix of a palm-tree, that has become a span in length; so called because it cleaves the envelope: pl. شَوَاقُّ. (M.)
أَشَقُّ, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) fem. شَقَّآءُ, and pl. شُقٌّ, (Ḳ,) applied to a horse, Wide between the hind legs: (IAạr, Th, T, O,* Ḳ,* TA:) and the fem. signifies wide in the أَرْفَاغ [or groins, or similar parts]; (TA;) and is applied to a mare: (IDrd, O, TA:) and wide in the vulva; (IAạr, O, Ḳ;) applied in this sense to a woman. (IAạr, O, TA.) And أَشَقُّ المَنْخِرَيْنِ, applied to a horse, Wide in the nostrils. (Lth, O, TA.)
Also, (O, Ḳ,) Tall, or long; (T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) applied to a horse; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) thus expl. by Aṣ; (T, TA;) and so too applied to a man: (M, TA:) and the fem., as above, applied to a mare. (Ṣ.)
And, applied to a horse, That goes to the right and left in his running, (JK,* O, Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, يَسْبِقُ is erroneously put for يَشْتَقُّ, and in like manner in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, with the additional mistranscription of من عَدْوِهِ for فِى عَدْوِهِ,]) as though (O, TA) leaning upon one of his sides: (JK, O, TA:) so says Lth; and he cites as an ex.,
* وَتَبَازَيْتُ كَمَا يَمْشِى الأَشَقُّ *
[as though meaning And I moved my posteriors in walking, like as goes the horse that inclines to the right and left in his running: but this may be rendered and I stepped wide, like as does the tall, or long-bodied, horse]. (O, TA.)
مَشَقٌّ [properly A place of cleaving, splitting, &c.: and hence a fissure, cleft, &c., like شَقٌّ: pl. مَشَاقُّ]: see شَقٌّ.
مَشَقُّ العَيْنِ [The slit of the eye]. (TA in art. حوص.)
مَشَقَّةٌ [said in the Ṣ and Ḳ to be an inf. n. of شَقَّ trans. by means of عَلَى]: see شِقٌّ, in the last quarter of the paragraph, in two places.