سيف سيل سيم


1سَالَ

, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) said of water, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) or of a thing, (M,) aor. يَسِيلُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. سَيْلٌ and سَيَلَانٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and مَسِيلٌ and مَسَالٌ, (TA,) It flowed, or ran: (M, Ḳ, TA:) or, said of water, it rose so as to become excessively copious, and flowed, or ran: and سال said of thing, it was, or became, fluid, or liquid; contr. of جَمَدَ. (Mṣb.)
The Arabs say, سَالَ بِهِمُ السَّيْلُ وَجَاشَ بِنَا البَحْرُ [The torrent flowed with them, and the sea estuated with us so as to be unnavigable;] meaning, (assumed tropical:) they fell into a hard case, and we fell into one that was harder than it: (M, Meyd:) a proverb. (Meyd.)
And سَالَتْ عَلَيْهِ الخَيْلُ (tropical:) [The horsemen poured upon him]. (TA. [See also 6.])
And سالت الغُرَّةُ (assumed tropical:) [The blaze upon the face of a horse] extended, or spread, long and wide: (Ṣ:) [or, simply, extended down the face; as appears from an explanation of the word شِمْرَاخٌ in the Ṣ and Ḳ &c.: see also سَائِلَةٌ, below. And in like manner سال is often said of flowing, or defluent, hair.]
سِيلَ &c. for سُئِلَ, pass, of سَأَلَ: see this last word, in art. سأل.

3سَايَلْتُ

: see 3 in art. سأل.

4اسالهُ

, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِسَالَةٌ, (Mṣb,) He made it to flow, or run; (Ṣ, * M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also سيّلهُ, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. تَسْيِيلٌ. (TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [xxxiv. 11], وَأَسَلْنَا لَهُ حِينَ القِطْرِ (M, TA) i. e. And we made [the source of copper, or of brass,] to flow, or run, for him. (TA.)
And (assumed tropical:) He made it long, (M, Ḳ,) and complete; (M;) namely, the point of the iron head or blade an arrow or of a spear &c. (M, Ḳ.)

6تسايلت الكَتَائِبُ

(tropical:) [The troops of horse] poured [together] from every quarter. (Ṣ, TA. [See also 1.])
همَا يَتَسَايَلَانِ: see 6 in art. سأل.

سَيْلٌ

A torrent, or flow of water; (MA;) [i. e.] much water, (M, Ḳ,) or a collection of rainwater, (Mṣb,) flowing, or running, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) in a valley, or water-course, or torrent-bed: (Mṣb:) or water that comes to one [from rain, in any case, or] from rain that has not fallen upon one: (TA:) originally an inf. n.: (Mṣb, TA:) pl. سُيُولٌ: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) سَائِلَةٌ, also, signifies the same as سَيْلٌ; and its pl. is سَوَائِلُ [expl. in the M as meaning flowing, or running, waters]. (TA.)
And they said also, مَآءٌ سَيْلٌ, meaning سَائِلٌ [i. e. Flowing, or running, water]; (M, Ḳ;) putting the inf. n. in the place of the epithet. (M.) وَجَدْتُ بَقْلًا وَبُقَيْلًا وَمَآءً عَلَلًا سَيْلًا, meaning I found herbs full-grown and large and tall, and herbs not full-grown and therefore small, [and water among trees, flowing, or running,] is a saying of one sent to seek for herbage and water; mentioned by Th. (M.)

سِيلَةٌ

A mode, or manner, of flowing or running of water. (Ḳ.)

سِيلَانٌ

The سِنْخ [or tongue] of [meaning that enters into] the hilt, or handle, of a sword (M, Ḳ) and of a knife (M) and the like; (M, Ḳ;) the part, (Ṣ, TA,) in the A the tail, (TA,) that enters into the hilt, or handle, of a sword and of a knife: heard by A'Obeyd, though not from a learned man: (Ṣ, TA:) but AA cites the following ex. from Ez-Zibrikán Ibn-Bedr:
* وَلَنْ أُصَالِحَكُمْ مَا دَامْ لِى فَرَسٌ *
* وَٱشْتَدَّ قَبْضًا عَلَى السِّيلَانِ إِبْهَامِى *
[And I will not make peace with you while I have a horse and my thumb grasps firmly upon the tongue of the sword]. (El-Jawáleeḳee, IB, TA.) (assumed tropical:) سَيَالٌ pl. of سَيَالَةٌ, (Ḳ,) [or rather the former is a coll. gen. n. of which the latter is the n. un., applied in the present day to A species of mimosa, or acacia, mentioned by Forskal in his Flora Aegypt. Arab., pp. lvi. and cxxiv., and by Delile in his Floræ Aegypt. Illustr. (in the Descr. de l'Égypte), no. 965: and to a species of thistle; carduus lacteus; or wild artichoke:] a species of trees having thorns, of the kind called عِضَاه: (Ṣ:) certain trees having white thorns: (M:) or the [thorny plant called] شَبَه: (AA, M:) a certain plant; (Ḳ;) said to have white thorns, from which, when these are plucked, there issues what resembles milk: (AA, M, Ḳ: *) certain trees having lank branches and white thorns of which the bases resemble the middle pairs of the teeth of virgins: (TA:) or, (Ḳ,) accord. to Aboo-Ziyád, (AḤn, M,) tall سَمُر [or gum-acacia-trees]: (AḤn, M, Ḳ:) accord. to the A, the trees called خِلَاف [now applied to the salix Aegyptia of Linn.] in the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.)

سَيّالٌ

[Flowing, or running, much]. One says, نَزَلْنَا بِوَاد Ḳ نَبْتُهُ مَيَّالٌ وَمَاؤُهُ سَيَّالٌ [We alighted in a valley the herbage whereof was inclining much, by reason of its luxuriant growth, and the water whereof was flowing, or running, much, by reason of its copiousness]. (TA.)
[And Distilling much: see رَنْدٌ.]
Also A certain mode of calculation. (O, Ḳ, TA. [In the CK, الحِيتَانْ is erroneously put for الحِسَابِ.])

سَيَّالَةٌ

: see سَائِلَةٌ.
Also A bending in a sea or great river. (TA.)

سَائِلٌ

: see سَيْلٌ.
Also Fluid, or liquid. (Mṣb.)
سَائِلُ الأَطْرَافِ, in a description of the Prophet, means (assumed tropical:) Extended in the fingers: or, as some relate it, سَائِن, with ن, which has the same meaning. (O.) And غُرَّةٌ سَائِلَةٌ means (assumed tropical:) [A blaze upon the face of a horse] extending, or spreading, long and wide: (Ṣ:) or [extending so as to be] equable, or uniform, upon the bone of the nose: or that has extended upon the extremity of the nose so as to make it white: (M, Ḳ:) or that has spread widely upon the forehead and the bone of the nose: (TA:) if narrow, it is termed شِمْرَاخٌ. (Ṣ, TA.)

سَائِلَةٌ

[as a subst. formed from the epithet سَائِلٌ by the affix ة]; pl. سَوَائِلُ: see سَيْلٌ.
[Hence the saying,] رَأَيْتُ سَائِلَةً مِنَ النَّاسِ (assumed tropical:) I saw a company of men that had poured from some quarter; and so سَيَّالَةً. (TA.)
The pl. سَوَائِلُ also signifies Valleys [app. flowing with water, or because they flow with water]. (T in art. ذنب.)

مَسَلٌ

: see مَسِيلٌ.

مُسَالٌ الخَدَّيْنِ

[app. meaning (tropical:) Having expanded cheeks, not elevated in the balls thereof, like سَهْلُ الخَدَّيْنِ,] is a tropical phrase. (TA.)
مُسَالَا الرَّجُلِ (assumed tropical:) The two sides of the beard of the man: (O, and so in one of my copies of the Ṣ:) or, of his jaws: (so in the TA and in my other copy of the Ṣ; i. e. لَحْيَيْهِ instead of لِحْيَتِهِ:) sing. مُسَالٌ: and pl. مُسَالَاتٌ. (Ṣ, O.) And also (assumed tropical:) The two sides of the man [himself]; syn. عِطْفَاهُ. (Ṣ, O.)

مَسِيلٌ

A place [or channel] in which a torrent flows: (Mṣb:) or مَسِيلُ مَآء Ḳ and مَآء Ḳ مَسَلُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) the latter anomalous, so much so that a parallel to it is scarcely, or in no wise, known, (MF,) a water-course; i. e. a place [or channel] in which water flows, or runs: pl. [of pauc., of the former,] أَمْسِلَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and [of mult.] مَسَايِلُ and مُسُلٌ; and مُسْلَانٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) the second pl. regular, without ء, (TA, [though written in the CK with ء,]) and the rest irregular, (Ṣ, * TA,) the sing. being likened to رِغِيفٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) which has for its pl. أَرْغِفَةٌ and رُغُفٌ (Ṣ, TA) and رُغْفَانٌ. (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA.)
It is also an inf. n. (TA. [See 1, first sentence.])
Also Rain causing much flowing; opposed to مَزْرَغٌ [q. v.]. (Ḥam p. 632.) [See also what follows.]

مُسِيلٌ

Rain that causes the valleys and water-courses (تِلَاع) to flow; opposed to مُرْزِغٌ [q. v.]. (Ṣ in art. رزغ, and Ḥam p. 632.) [See also what next precedes.]