سقمونيا سقى سك


1سَقَاهُ

, aor. يَسْقِيهِ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. سَقْىٌ; (TA; [see also سِقَايَةٌ, which is likewise said to be an inf. n. of the same verb;]) and سقّاهُ, (Ḳ,) with teshdeed; (TA;) and اسقاهُ; (Ḳ, TA; [in the CK, erroneously, اسْتَقاهُ;]) all have one meaning; (TA;) [i. e. He gave him to drink, generally water, often milk, and sometimes poison or some other thing: and the first often signifies he watered him, namely, a beast; and in like manner seed produce &c., i. e. irrigated it; as will be shown by what follows:] or سَقَاهُ [is said when you mean he gave him drink] لِشَفَتِهِ [to his lip], (Ṣ,) or بِالشَّفَةِ [by means of the lip], as also سقّاهُ; and اسقاهُ means he directed him to water, (Ḳ,) or he watered (سَقَى) his cattle or his land: (Ṣ, * Ḳ:) or both of them, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. سَقَاهُ and اسقاهُ, (TA,) signify he assigned to him, or gave to him, (جَعَلَ لَهُ,) water, (Ḳ, TA,) or drink, or water for irrigation; so that سَقَاهُ is like كَسَاهُ, and اسقى is like آَلْبَسَ, as Sb says: (TA:) or, as some say, سَقَيْتُهُ I gave him water to his mouth; and أَسْقَيْتُهُ, I assigned to him, or gave to him, (جَعَلْتُ لَهُ,) drink, or water for irrigation, that he might do as he would; and like them are كَسَوْتُهُ and أَكْسَيْتُهُ: (Ḥam p. 45:) Er-Rághib says that السَّقْىُ signifies the giving one drink; and الإِسْقَآءُ, the giving one drink so that he may take it howsoever he will; so that the latter is more ample in meaning than the former. (TA.) Both سَقَى and اسقى are sometimes used in relation to what is in the bellies of camels or other cattle; [meaning their milk;] as in the Ḳur [xxiii. 21], where it is said, مِمَّا فِى بُطُونِهَا نُسْقِيكُمْ, or نَسْقِيكُمْ, [i. e. We give you to drink of what is in their bellies,] accord. to different readings. (TA.) One says, سَقَاهُ المَآءَ, [He gave him to drink water, or the water,] inf. n. as above: (Mgh:) and المَآءَ سَقَّيْتُهُ [I gave him to drink water, or the water, much, or often]: the teshdeed denotes muchness, or frequency. (Ṣ.) [See also a tropical usage of the former verb in a verse cited in p. 85, col. 3: and another, from Tarafeh, in p. 134, col. 3. One says also, سَقَى المَآءَ, without a second objective complement, He supplied, or gave, water, or the water.] And سَقَيْتُ الزَّرْعَ, [I watered, or irrigated, the seed-produce,] inf. n. as above; as also أَسْقَيْتُهُ, (Mṣb.) And سَقَيْتُ فِى القِرْيَةِ and فِيهَا أَسْقَيْتُ [I poured water into the water-skin]: a poet says, [in one of my copies of the Ṣ, Dhu-r-Rummeh,]
* وَمَاشَنَّتَا خَرْقَآءَ وَاهٍ كِلَاهُمَا *
* سَقَى فِيهِمَا مُسْتَعْجِلٌ لَمْ تَبَلَّلَا *
* بِأَنْبَعَ مِنْ عَيْنَيْكَ لِلدَّمْعِ كُلَّمَا *
* تَعَرَّفْتَ دَارًا أَوْ تَوَهَّمْتَ مَنْزِلَا *
[And two old and worn-out skins of an unskilful woman who has not sewed them well, each of them unsound, into which a person in haste has poured water, they not having been previously moistened, (تَبَلَّلَا being for تَتَبَلَّلَا,) are not more liable to the shedding of their water than are thine eyes to the shedding of tears whenever thou investigatest a dwelling or imaginest a place of alighting, or abode]. (Ṣ.) [And hence, app.,] سَقَى فُلَانٌ فِى ذَكَرِهِ (assumed tropical:) Such a one became vehemently affected by sexual appetite. (JK.) One says also, سَقَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ الغَيْثَ and اسقاهُ (Ṣ, Mṣb, * Ḳ) God sent down rain to him, or may God send &c.: (Ḳ:) both of these verbs being used by Lebeed in his saying,
* سَقَى قَوْمِى بَنِى مَجْدٍ وَأَسْقَى *
* نُمَيْرًا وَالقَبَائِلَ مِنْ هِلَالِ *
[May He send down rain to my people, the sons of Mejd, and may He send down rain to Numeyr, and the tribes of Hilál]. (Ṣ.) [Hence,] one says, سَقَى ٱللّٰهُ عَصْرَ الشَّبِيبَةِ (assumed tropical:) [May God freshen as with rain the times, or mornings, or afternoons, of youth, or young manhood]. (A and TA in art. شب.) And سَقَيْتُ فُلَانًا, (Ṣ,) and أَسْقَيْتُهُ, and سَقَّيْتُهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, *) which last is the form in most repute as expressive of a prayer, (Ḥam p. 45,) and of which the inf. n. is تَسْقِيَةٌ, (Ḳ,) I said to such a one سَقَاكَ ٱللّٰهُ [May God send down rain to thee], (Ṣ and Ḳ in explanation of the second and third,) or سَقْيًا [which virtually means the same, for سَقَاكَ ٱللّٰهُ سَقْيًا]: (Ṣ in explanation of the first and second, and Ḳ in explanation of the second and third:) [or,] accord, to some, one says سَقَيْتُهُ when it [which he gives, i. e. water or the like,] is in his hand; [agreeably with the first explanation in this art.;] and أَسْقَيْنُهُ signifies I prayed for him, saying سَقْيًا لَكَ. (Mṣb.)
سَقَى بَطْنُهُ, (JK, Ṣ, MA, Ḳ,) inf. n. سَقِىٌ; (JK, Ṣ;) and سُقِىَ, (JK, IAth, TA,) or سَقِى, aor. يَسْقَى, inf. n. سِقًى or سَقًى; (MA;) and استسقى; (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ; [in my copy of the Mṣb استقى, which I doubt not to be a mistranscription, as the verb most commonly known in the sense here following is استسقى, and as this is not there mentioned;]) His belly [was, or became, diseased with dropsy, i. e.] had yellow water [meaning serum] (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, * TA) apparent in it, (JK,) or collected in it; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) for which there is scarcely, or never, any cure; (Mṣb, TA;) his belly became swollen [with dropsy]. MA.)
[In the phrase written in the CK سُقِىَ قُلْبُهُ عَدَاوَةًُ, the verb is correctly سُقِىَ: see 2.]
سَقَىالعَرَقُ The sweat flowed without stopping. (TA.)
سَقَى التَّوْبَ, and سقّاهُ, He made the garment, or piece of cloth, to imbibe a dye. (TA.)
[سَقَى also signifies He tempered steel; and is used in this sense in the present day: and accord. to a reading in one of my copies of the Ṣ, in art. شرخ, سقّى also has this meaning.]
See also 4, last sentence.

3مُسَاقَاةٌ

[The giving to drink, one with another. See a tropical usage of its verb in an ex. cited in art. شف, conj. 8.
] The drawing of water together. (KL.)
And a man's employing a man to take upon himself, or manage, the culture [or watering & c.] of palm-trees or grape-vines [or the like] on the condition of his having a certain share of their produce: (Ṣ, TA:) Az says that the people of El-'Irák term it مُعَامَلَةٌ. (TA.)

5تسقّى

It (a thing) received, or admitted, moisture, (M, TA,) or irrigation; or became plentifully irrigated, or succulent, or sappy. (M, Ḳ, TA.) The Hudhalee (El-Mutanakhkhil, TA) says.
* مُجَدَّلٌ يَتَسَقَّى جِلْدُهُ دَمَهُ *
* كَمَا تَقَطَّرَ جِذْعُ الدَّوْمَةِ القُطُلُ *
meaning [Thrown down upon the ground, his skin] becomes drenched with his blood (يَتَشَرَّبُهُ) [like as drips the severed trunk of the Theban palm-tree]: or, as some relate the verse, يَتَكَسَّى [becomes overspread, here meaning suffused], from الكِسْوَةُ. (Ṣ, TA.)
تَسَقَّتِ الإِبِلُ الحَوْذَانَ (assumed tropical:) The camels ate the حوذان (a certain plant, TA) in its fresh and moist state, and became fat upon it. (Ḳ.)

6تَسَاقَوْا

They gave to drink, one to another, (Ṣ, MA, TA,) with the full measure of the vessel in which they were given to drink. (Ṣ, TA.) [See also 3.]

8استقى

He drew water (TA) مِن البِئْرِ [from the well], (Ṣ, TA,) and مِنَ النَّهْرِ [from the river, or rivulet]. (TA. [Golius and Freytag make the verb in this sense, erroneously, استسقى; but the former mentions استقِىِ also in the same sense.]) [And استقى عَلَى بَعِيرٍ He drew water upon a camel in a manner expl. voce سَانِيَةٌ, q. v.: often occurring in the Lexicons.]
And (tropical:) He was, or became, fat, (Ḳ, TA,) and satisfied with drinking of water. (TA.)
See also 10, in two places.

10استسقى

He sought, or demanded, drink (سِقْيًا, Ḳ, TA, [in the CK سَقْيًا,] i. e. مَا يُشْرَبُ, TA); منْهُ [from him]; as also استقى. (Ḳ, TA. [In the CK is immediately added after this explanation, وسَقِيًّا: but this is a mistranscription for وَتَقَيَّأَ; expressing another signification of these two verbs, which will be expl. below.]) And He asked, begged, or prayed, for rain; (Mṣb, * TA;) i. q. اِسْتَمْطَرَ (Ṣ in art. مطر, and Mṣb. *) [Hence, صَلَاةُ الاِسْتِسْقَآءِ The prayer of the petitioning for rain. And استسقى لَهَا He said سَقَاهَاٱللّٰهُ May God send down rain upon it, namely, a land: see Ḥar p. 300.]
And He constrained himself to vomit; or vomited intentionally; syn. تَقَيَّأَ; [see a statement above, in this paragraph, respecting a mistranscription in the CK;] as also استقى; (Ḳ, TA;) mentioned by ISd. (TA.)
See also 1, in the last quarter of the paragraph.

سَقْى

in the phrase سَقْىُ الفُرَاتِ, which means The towns, or villages, [or lands,] watered by the Euphrates, is said by Mṭr to be an inf. n. used as a subst. [properly so termed, and, being originally an inf. n., it may be used alike as sing. and pl.]; or, in this phrase, a noun that should be prefixed to it [such as ذَات], is suppressed: or, accord. to some, it is سِقْى [q. v.], an instance of the measure فِعْلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ; and thus it is in the handwriting of EI- Hareeree in his 22nd Makámeh. (Ḥar p. 246.)
See also the next paragraph.

سِقْىٌ

Drink; or what is drunk; (TA;) or what is given to drink; (Ḳ, TA;) a subst. from سَقَاهُ and أَسْقَاهُ; (Ṣ, TA; [in the former of which, this meaning is indicated, and also the meaning of water given to drink to cattle; and water with which land is irrigated;]) in the M, drink given to camels: (TA:) pl. أَسْقِيَةٌ. (Ṣ, TA.) And [particularly] A share, or portion, of water [for irrigation]: one says, كَمْ سِقْىُ أَرْضِكَ [How many bucketfuls or skinfuls, (the specificative being suppressed,) virtually meaning how much, is the share, or portion, of water for the irrigation of thy land?]. (Ṣ, TA.)
And Water, (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK ما, a mistranscription for مَآءٌ,]) i. e. yellow water [meaning serum, effused in dropsy], incidental in the belly, (Ḳ, TA,) scarcely, or never, curable; (TA;) as also سَقْىٌ: (Ḳ: [وَيُفْتَحُ being there added: and the word as meaning “ yellow water ” is written only with fet-h in the JK: but in the TA, ويفتح forms part of the addition here following:]) or it is in white نَفَافِيخ [meaning cells] in the fat of the belly; [in which sense, also, the word is written only with fet-h in the JK;] and it [app. meaning the belly] is opened (وَيُفْتَحُ) on the occasion of its issuing: so says ISd: (TA:) a subst. from سَقَى بَطْنُهُ [q. v.]. (Ṣ, TA.) And A skin [or membrane] containing yellow water, which cleaves asunder from over the head of the young one [at the birth]: (Ḳ, TA:) or, as in the T, the water that is in the [membrane called] مَشِيمَة, that comes forth عَلَى رَأْسِ الوَلَدِ [meaning at the birth]. (TA.)
Also Land that is irrigated; having the meaning of the measure مَفْعُولٌ, like نِقْضٌ [in the sense of مَنْقُوضٌ]: (Er-Rághib, TA: [see also سَقْى:]) or it signifies, (Ḳ,) or so سَقِىٌّ, of the same measure as شَقِىٌّ and صَبِىٌّ, (Mgh,) and مَسْقَوِىٌّ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) app. a rel. n. from مَسْقًى, not from مَسْقِىٌّ, for if it were from the latter it would be مَسْقِىٌّ, (M, TA,) [or, accord. to some, if from مَسْقِىٌّ, it may be either مَسْقِىٌّ or مَسْقَوِىٌّ, (see Lumsden's Arab. Gr. p. 630,)] seed-produce irrigated (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) by water running upon the surface of the earth; (Ṣ, Mgh;) [i. e., not by rain only;] سَقِىٌّ being the contr. of بَخْسِىٌّ; (Mgh;) and مَسْقَوِىٌّ, contr. of مَظْمَئِىٌّ, (Mgh, TA,) which signifies “ watered [only] by the rain; ” and the vulgar say مِسْقَاوِى. (TA.)

بَطْنٌ سَقٍ

A belly swollen [with dropsy]. (MA.)

سُقْيَا

A giving of drink; [or a giving to drink;] like [the inf. n.] سَقْىٌ. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
And A sending down of rain upon mankind and the lands: (TA:) a subst. from سَقَاهُ ٱللّٰه الغَيْثَ. (Ṣ, Ḳ, * TA. *) One says, دَعَوْتُ لَهُ بِالسُّقْيَا [I prayed for him for the sending down of rain]. (JK.) And it is said in a form of prayer, سُقْيَا رَحْمَةٍ وَلَا سُقْيَا عَذَابٍ [We ask of Thee a sending down of a rain of mercy, and not a sending down of a rain of punishment]; meaning, send Thou down upon us a rain in which shall be benefit, without injury, and without laying waste. (Mṣb.) One says also أَرْضٌ خَافِضَةُ السُّقْيَا Land easy of irrigation [either by the rain or otherwise]: (Ḳ in art. خفض:) and the contr. is termed رَافِعَةُ السُّقْيَا. (TA in that art.)
Also i. q. شرب [i. e. شِرْبٌ, meaning A beast's share, or portion, of water]: so in the Ḳur xci. 13. (Jel.)

سِقآءٌ

A skin, (KL,) or a قِرْبَة, (JK,) [i. e.] a skin of a young goat or sheep when it has entered its second year, (M, Ḳ,) used for water and for milk, (ISk, JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, KL,) or, accord. to ISd, only for water: (TA:) it is termed اِبْنُ أَدِيمٍ [made of one hide; but there are larger sorts]; and if larger, it is termed اِبْنُ أَدِيمَيْنِ [made of two hides], and اِبْنُ ثَلَاثَةِ آدِمَةٍ [made of three hides]: (T and TA in art. بنى:) accord. to ISk, the وَطْب is peculiarly for milk; and the نِحْى, for clarified butter; and the قِرْبَة, for water: (Ṣ:) the pl. (of pauc., Ṣ) is أَسْقِيَةٌ and أَسْقِيَاتٌ and (of mult., Ṣ) أَسَاقٍ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or this last is a pl. pl. (T, TA.)
See also 4, last sentence.
[And see a phrase voce حِذَآءٌ, in art. حذو, where it is applied to (assumed tropical:) The stomach of a camel, in which water is stored.]

سَقِىٌّ

: see سِقْىٌ, last sentence, in two places.
Also A cloud having large drops [of rain], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) vehement in the falling [thereof]: (Ṣ:) [like رَمِىٌّ and رَوِىٌّ:] pl. أَسْقِيَةٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And The papyrus (بَرْدِىّ): (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or tender papyrus: so called because of its growing in, or near to, water: (TA:) occurring in a verse of Imra-el- Keys, cited voce مُذَلَّلٌ: (Ṣ, TA: [but see what is said under this word, مذلّل: and see Ḥam p. 555:]) n. un. سَقِيَّةٌ. (Ṣ.)
And Palm-trees; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and سَقِيَّةٌ signifies [the same, or] palmtrees that are irrigated by means of water-wheels (دَوَالٍ, [pl. of دَالِيَةٌ, q. v.]). (TA.)

سُقَايَةٌ

: see what next follows.

سِقَايَةٌ

and سُقَايَةٌ and مَسْقَاةٌ and مِسْقَاةٌ A place for giving to drink or for watering: (Ḳ, * TA:) what is termed سِقَايَةُ المَآءِ is well known: (Ṣ:) i. e. سِقَايَةٌ signifies a place made, or prepared, for the giving to drink to people: (Mṣb:) a construction for water: (Mgh:) or a place in which beverage is made, or prepared, at the fairs, or festivals, &c.: (JK, T, TA:) [and particularly a place in which a beverage made of raisins steeped in water was given at the general assembly of the pilgrims:] and مَسْقَاةٌ signifies a drinkingplace [in a general sense]: and he who pronounces it with kesr to the م [ مِسْقَاةٌ] makes it to be like the utensil called مِسْقَاةُ الدِّيكِ [the drinking-vessel of the cock]: (Ṣ:) [see تُرْفَةٌ:] and the pl. is مَسَاقٍ. (TA.)
سِقَايَةٌ also signifies A vessel in which one is given to drink: (Ḳ:) in the Ḳur [xii. 70], it means the king's drinking-cup; (Mgh;) his صُوَاع, in [or from] which he drank, (JK, Ṣ, TA,) and with which they measured corn; and it was a vessel of silver. (TA.)
And سِقَايَةُ الحَاجِ means The beverage made of raisins steeped in water which [the tribe of] Kureysh used to give to the pilgrims to drink: it was under the superintendence of El-ʼAbbás in the Time of Ignorance and in El-Islám: (TA:) or سِقَايَة in this phrase is an inf. n.; so in the Ḳur ix. 19; (Mgh;) where it is said, أَجَعَلْتُمْ سِقَايَةَ ٱلْحَاجِ وَعِمَارَةَٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ كَمَنْ آمَنَ بِآللّٰهِ وَٱليَوْمِ ٱلْآخِرِ; the two words سقاية and عمارة being inf. ns. of سَقَى and عَمَرَ; (Bḍ;) the meaning being أَجَعَلْتُمْ أَهْلَ سِقَايَةِ الحَاجِ وَ عِمَارَةِ المَسْجِدِ الحَرَامِ [i. e. Have ye made, or pronounced, the authors of the giving to drink to the pilgrims, and of the keeping in repair of the sacred mosque, to be like him who has believed in God and the last day?]; and this is confirmed by another reading, which is, سُقَاةَ الحَاجِ وَعَمَرَةَ المَسْجِدِ: (Ksh, Bḍ:) or the meaning is, أَجَعَلْتُمْ سِقَايَةَ الحَاجِ كَإِيمَانِ مَنْ آمَنَ [&c., i. e. have ye made, or pronounced, the giving to drink to the pilgrims, &c., to be like the belief of him who has believed &c.?]. (Bḍ.) [See also رِفَادَةٌ.]

سَقَّآءٌ

; and the fem. سَقَّآءَةٌ and سَقَّايَةٌ: see سَاقٍ, in six places.
السَّقَّآءُ is also the appellation of A certain intelligent bird, that draws water for itself. (JK.) [It is applied in the present day, by some, to The pelican: and by some, to the aquiline vulture; commonly called the رَخَم.]

سَاقٍ

and سَقَّآءٌ Giving to drink; or one who gives to drink: (Ḳ, TA:) the former signifies [generally as above, or a cup-bearer: and also] watering seed-produce; or a waterer of seedproduce: (Mṣb:) [and ↓ the latter generally signifies a water-carrier:] the pl. of the former is سُقًّى, (Ḳ, TA,) with damm and then teshdeed, (TA,) [accord. to the CK سُقِىٌّ, which is app. a mistranscription,] and سُقَّآءٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) like رُمَّانٌ, (TA,) or سُقَاةٌ: (CK: [this last is a well-known pl. of سَاقٍ, and as such has occurred above, voce سِقَايَةٌ:]) the pl. of سَقَّآءٌ is سَقَّاؤُونَ: (Ḳ:) and a woman is termed سَقَّآءَةٌ and سَقَّايَةٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) It is said in a prov.,
* اِسْقِ رَقَاشِ إِنَّهَا سَقَّايَةٌ *
[Give thou to drink to Rakáshi: verily she is one who gives to drink: رَقَاشِ being a woman's name]: it is applied to him who does good: meaning do thou good to him, because of his doing good. (A'Obeyd, Ṣ.)
[Hence,] سَاقِى العَيْنِ A certain vein [app. the central artery of the retina] which passes from the interior of the head to the eye, and the severing of which occasions the loss of the sight. (JK.) [See also the next paragraph.]

سَاقِيَةٌ

[a subst. from ساقٍ, made so by the affix ة,] A rivulet, or streamlet, (T, Ḳ, TA,) for the irrigation of seed-produce; (T, TA;) a small channel for the irrigation of land; (Mṣb;) it is larger than a جَدْوَل, and than a نَهْر: (Mgh:) pl. سَوَاقٍ. (Mgh, TA.) It is now vulgarly applied to designate The [kind of water-wheel for irrigation termed] دُولَاب [q. v.]. (TA in art. دلب.)
And [the pl.] السَّوَاقِى signifies Certain veins which discharge into the أَبْهَرَانِ [dual of أَبْهَرُ, q. v.]. (JK.)

مَسْقًى

A time [and a place] of giving to drink. (JK, TA.)

مَسْقَاةٌ

: see سِقَايَةٌ in tow places. One says when the Sultán has dealt gently with his subjects in his government of them, أَبْلَغَ السُّلْطَانُ الرَّاتِعَ مَسْقَاتَهُ (assumed tropical:) [The Sultán has caused the beast pasturing at pleasure amid abundant herbage to come to his drinking-place]. (TA.) [See also شَرَبَةٌ.]

مِسْقَاةٌ

: see سِقَايَةٌ, in two places.
Also A thing which is made for the جِرَار [or water-jars], and upon which the mugs are hung. (JK, TA.)

مَسْقِىٌّ

[Given to drink: and] watered seedproduce [&c.]. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] إِنَّهُ لَمَسْقِىُّ الدَّمِ Verily he is tinged with redness. (JK.)

مَسْقَوِىٌّ

and مِسْقَاوِى: see سِقْىٌ, last sentence, in three places.