سربن سرج سرجن


1. (سرج)

سَرَجَ, (O, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. سَرْجٌ, (TḲ,)He lied; as also سَرِجَ, (O, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ; (Ḳ;) but the latter is outweighed [in authority]; (TA;) like سَدَجَ: (O:) and soسرّج↓: (TA:) and شَرَجَ. (O and Ḳ * in art. شرج.) You say,تَكَلَّمَ فُلَانٌ بِكَلِمَةٍ فَسَرَجَ عَلَيْهَا بِأُسْرُوجَةٍ↓[Such a one spoke a word, or sentence, and followed it with a lie]. (O.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

And سَرَجَ الكَذِبَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. سَرْجٌ, † He forged the lie. (TA.) [See also 2.]

verb form: 1.(dissociation - B1)

سَرَجٌ, as an inf. n., signifies The being bright, or shining. (KL.)

verb form: 1.(signification - B2)

[And hence,] سَرِجَ, (O, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. سَرَجٌ, (TḲ,) said of one's face, † It was, or became, beautiful: (O:) or, said of a man, (TA,)he was or became, beautiful in his face: (Ḳ, TA:) but said by some, to be post-classical; and by some, to be strange. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - C1)

سَرَجَتْ شَعْرَهَا, (O, Ḳ, TA, but not in the CK,) andسرّجت↓, (Ḳ, TA, but not in the O,) [thought by SM to be a mistranscription for سرّحت, with the unpointed ح,] She (a woman, O) plaited her hair; (O, Ḳ;) like سَجَرَتْهُ. (O.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - D1)

[سَرَجَ, aor. ـُ, expl. as signifying “Ephippio instruxit instravitve equum” by Golius and Freytag, by the latter as on the authority of the Ṣ and Ḳ, I do not find in either of those lexicons, nor in any other. The verb having this meaning is اسرج only.]


2. (سرّج)

سرّجهُ, (A, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَسْرِيجٌ, (Ḳ,)He rendered it beautiful; (A, Ḳ;) namely, a person's face; said of God: (A:)he adorned, ornamented, decorated, or embellished, it; namely, a thing. (L.) The meaning given in the Ḳ [and A] has the authority of El-Beyhakee and IḲṭṭ and Es-Sarakustee and IḲooṭ; but Aboo-ʼAbdAllah Moḥammad Ibn-Esh-Shádhilee thought it to be not of established authority as belonging to the ancient language. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, سَرِّجْ إِلَيْهِ أَمْرَكَEmbellish and elucidate thou to him thy affair, or case. (Ḥam p. 326.)

verb form: 2.(signification - A2)

And i. q. وَفَّقَهُ[He accommodated, adapted, or disposed, him, or it, to a right course, or issue]. (TA.)

verb form: 2.(signification - A3)

One says also,سرّج عَلَىَّ أُسْرُوجَةً↓[He forged against me a lie]. (A, TA.) Andتسرّج↓ عَلَىَّHe lied, or lied purposely, against me. (A, TA. [See also تسدّج.]) And إِنَّهُ يُسَرِّجُ الأَحَادِيثَ[Verily he forges traditions, or stories]. (A, TA.)

verb form: 2.(signification - A4)

See also 1, first sentence.

verb form: 2.(dissociation - B1)

سرّجت شَعْرَهَا: see 1.


4. (اسرج)

أَسْرَجْتُ السِّرَاجَ (O, Mṣb, TA) I lighted the lamp, or wick. (Mṣb, TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A2)

[And اسرج signifies also He lighted himself or another with a lamp &c.; and soاستسرج↓: or each of these, with بِهِ following it, he employed it (i. e. a lamp, or oil, &c.,) as a means of light: see اِصْطَبَحَ, in art. صبح.]

verb form: 4.(dissociation - B1)

أَسْرَجْتُ الدَّابَّةَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) or الفَرَسَ, (Mṣb,) I bound the saddle, or his saddle, upon the beast, or horse: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) or I made a saddle for the [beast, or] horse. (Mṣb.)


5. (تسرّج)


10. (استسرج)


Q. Q. 1. سَرْجَنَ

سَرْجَنَ الأَرْضَ He manured the land with سِرْجِين. (L in art. سرجن.)


سَرْجٌ

سَرْجٌ A certain appertenance of a horse or similar beast, (Mṣb, Ḳ,*) well known; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) i. e., his رَحْل [or saddle]: (TA:) an Arabic word; or, accord. to the Shifá el-Ghaleel, arabicized from سرك [which is written by Freytag شرك, and said by him to be Pers., but I know not either of these two words in Pers. with an apposite meaning]: (TA:) dim. سُرَيْجٌ↓: (Mṣb:) and pl. سُرُوجٌ. (Mgh, Mṣb, TA.) [Hence,] مَالَ سَرْجُكَThy affair, or case, was or has become, in a disordered, or an unsound, state: a proverbial saying. (Ḥam p. 242.)


سُرْجَجٌ

سُرْجَجٌ Continuing, or lasting; or continuing, or lasting, long; or, for ever. (O, Ḳ.)


سُرْجُوجٌ

سُرْجُوجٌ Foolish, or stupid. (O, Ḳ.)


سِرْجِينٌ

سِرْجِينٌ i. q. زِبْلٌ [i. e. dung of horses or other solid-hoofed animals, or fresh dung of camels, sheep and goats, wild oxen, and the like; used for manure]: (Mṣb, and Ḳ in art. سرجن:) a foreign, or Pers., word, (Mṣb,) originally سَرْكِين, [meaning سَرْغِينْ,] (Mṣb, Ḳ,) arabicized, (Mṣb, and Ṣ and Ḳ in art. سرجن,) by the conversion of the ك [or غ] into ج, and also into ق, so that one says also سِرْقِينٌ [q. v.]: Aṣ is related to have said, I know not how to say it, and I only say رَوْثٌ: it is with kesr to the first letter in order to agree with Arabic words; fet-ḥ not being allowable, because there is no instance of the measure فَعْلِيلٌ; though it is said in the M to be سِرْجِينٌ and سَرْجِينٌ: (Mṣb:) [the word being arabicized, all its letters should be regarded as radical; but] many assert the ن to be augmentative [and therefore mention the word, or the two words, in the present art., as does the author of the Mṣb]. (TA.)


سُرْجُوجَةٌ

سُرْجُوجَةٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) andسِرجِيجَةٌ↓ (O, Ḳ) Nature; or natural, native, or innate, disposition, or temper, or the like: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) and a way, mode, or manner, of acting or conduct or the like. (Ṣ, O, TA.) One says, هُمْ عَلَى سُرْجُوجَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ They are of one uniform nature or disposition. (Aṣ, Ṣ, O.) And الكَرَمُ مِنْ سِرْجِيجَتِهِ and سُرْجُوجَتِهِ Generosity is a quality of his nature or disposition. (Lḥ, TA.) And إِنَّهُ لَكَرِيمُ السُّرْجُوجَةِ and السِّرْجِيجَةِ Verily he is generous of nature or disposition. (AZ, TA.)


سِرْجِيجَةٌ

سِرْجِيجَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.


سِرَاجٌ

سِرَاجٌ a word of well-known meaning; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) i. q. مِصْبَاحٌ [i. e. A lamp, or its lighted wick, (the latter of which meanings is assigned to both of these words by Jel in xxiv. 35,)] (L, Mṣb, TA) that gives light by night: (L, TA:) or, properly, a lighted wick; its employment to signify the place thereof [i. e. a lamp, generally a vessel of glass having in its bottom a small glass tube into which the lower part of the wick is inserted,] being a well-known tropical application: (MF, TA:) pl. سُرُجٌ. (O, Mṣb, TA.) [See also مَسْرَجَةٌ.]

word: سِرَاجٌ(signification - A2)

[Hence,] the sun is called a سِرَاج [in the Ḳur lxxi. 15, and also xxv. 62, and lxxviii. 13], (Ṣ, O,) and السِّرَاجُ, (Ḳ,) and سِرَاجُ النَّهَارِ[The lamp of day]. (A, TA.) So too is the Prophet. (Ḳur xxxiii. 45.) ʼOmar, also, is called in a trad. سِرَاجُ أَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ[The lamp of the people of Paradise]. (TA.) And one says, الهُدِى سِرَاجٌ المُؤْمِنِينَ[The Ḳur-án is the lamp of the believers], (A,) or سِرَاجُ المُؤْمِنِ [the lamp of the believer]. (TA.)

word: سِرَاجٌ(signification - A3)

Also, metaphorically, ‡ The eye; because of its being often likened to a سِرَاج. (Ḥar p. 554.)


سُرَيْجٌ

سُرَيْجٌ dim. of سَرْجٌ, q. v. (Mṣb.)


سِرَاجَةٌ

سِرَاجَةٌ The craft, or occupation, of the سَرَّاج [or saddler]. (O, Ḳ, TA.)


سُرَيْجِيَّةٌ

سُيُوفٌ سُرَيْجِيَّةٌ, (O, Ḳ,) or سُرَيْجِيَّاتٌ, (Aṣ, Ṣ,) Certain swords so called in relation to a blacksmith named سُرَيْجٌ: (Aṣ, Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or they may be so called because having much water, and [glistening] wavy marks or streaks or grain. (Ḥam p. 326.) [See also مُسَرَّجٌ.]


سَرَّاجٌ

سَرَّاجٌ A saddler; i. e. a maker of سُرُوج [or saddles]: (O, Ḳ,* TA:) or a seller thereof. (TA.)

word: سَرَّاجٌ(dissociation - B1)

Also ‡ A great, or habitual, liar, (Ḳ, TA,) who will not tell thee truly whence he comes, but will tell thee lyingly. (TA.) One says, إِنَّهُ سَرَّاجٌ مَرَّاجٌVerily he is a lying person, (A,) or a great, or habitual, liar, (TA,) who adds, or exaggerates, (يَزِيدُ,) in his narration, or talk, or discourse. (A, TA.) And it is used alone, [without مَرَّاجٌ,] so that one says, رَجُلٌ سَرَّاجٌ[A man who lies much, or habitually, &c.]. (TA.) [See also سَدَّاجٌ.]


سَارِجٌ

جَبِينٌ سَارِجٌ[A side of a forehead, or a forehead itself,] clear, or white, [and bright,] like the سِرَاج [or lamp]. (Th, TA.)


سِيرَجٌ

سِيرَجٌ i. q. شَيْرَجٌ; (TA in the present art. and in art. شرج; [but in the present art., غير الشَّيْرَجِ is erroneously put for عَيْنُ الشَّيْرَجِ, meaning the same as الشيرج;]) but vulgar; (TA in art. شرج;) i. e. Oil of sesame, or sesamum: an arabicized word, from [the Pers.] شِيرَهٌ. (TA in the present art.)


أُسْرُوجَةٌ

أُسْرُوجَةٌA lie. (TA.) See 1 and 2.


مُسْرَجٌ

مُسْرَجٌ, applied to a horse, (A,) or beast (دَابَّةٌ), [or app., when applied to the latter, with ة,] Saddled; i. e. having the سَرْج bound upon it. (TA.)


مَسْرَجَةٌ

مَسْرَجَةٌ, with fet-ḥ (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb) to the م and ر, (Mṣb,) [A lamp; i. e.] the thing in which is the wick and the oil: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, TA:) and also the thing upon which the سِرَاج [app. here meaning lamp] is put: (O:) or the thing upon which the مِسْرَجَة↓ is placed: (Mṣb:) orمِسْرَجَةٌ↓, with kesr, has the last of these meanings: مَسْرَجَةٌ, with fet-ḥ, having the first thereof: or, as some say, the reverse is the case; (Mgh;) [i. e.]مِسْرَجَةٌ↓, with kesr, signifies the thing in which is the wick [and the oil]: and مَسْرَجَةٌ, with fet-ḥ, the thing upon which that is put: (A, TA:) the pl. (of either, Mgh) is مَسَارِجُ. (Mgh, Mṣb.) [See also سِرَاجٌ.]


مِسْرَجَةٌ

مِسْرَجَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.


مُسَرَّجٌ

مُسَرَّجٌ ‡ A face rendered beautiful by God. (A.)

word: مُسَرَّجٌ(signification - A2)

A nose beautiful in thinness and evenness: used in this sense by El-ʼAjjáj: likened by him to the kind of sword called سُرَيْجِىّ. (Ṣ, O.)